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Blackfoot news. (Blackfoot, Idaho) 1891-1902, January 20, 1900, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88056017/1900-01-20/ed-1/seq-3/

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jB fiendish crimes
CRIMINAL record of
MIELE
j ygMALE BUTCHER.
UimmU by Um Emm to
yill*
Deeds of Looser EV'
Otbsr
im Beaihorger of St. Louie Be
Moastreelty.
esS lo ns »
nürnberger, midwife,
avenue, Ht Uiuls, Mo.,
fiend In woman's form,
Henrietta
D Chouteau
„urderous
le- takln* monster slaying women
I Mine» under the cloak of a mlu
pbybii lan. If the evidence on
the stand jury indicted her re
The leatluiony of four
Uly I» true
M U stamps
«k, Hulmes DP*. »
H n v, h a erector« with
of humanity In her heart
her as a degenerate
murderras
If »toll»
buruwi and browu*! tmb«». and
woitiMii and dlapoafd of
i«d .*• u!; -
„r twdiM
f
Une she carted off in an
sud cast into n river.
«gull
•hr burled m the cellar of
stable, a third ahe burled
u fictitious name from her own
Hyc «itucsa<-s have testified to
They charge that aa many
»■•re burned lb one day
trim«*
tsar bab»»
tkt total number of these crime»
ried by the witnesses is almost In
[. The details Of the specific
»Urged against Mrs Bamberg
Imust past belief
Mitt.' ■ : for four murder*. Our
, wurdet In tbc first degree, C
Information al
Blf
The woman
irr ft
the
pra mosaiaughter
fig ether crimes is being luvestl
«4 The Chouteau avenue bouse wilt
■Aoroilghl! *ear« bed for further evl
» The cellar »Hi he ee.»t> bad !
Any number of
« of graves
that may be alleged against the
iota stu'C. not eurpn»» the official»
U. ■..»•: in bunging
The crimes
indlcimeut
?a h»r
were com
Mrs
irpd IS the Indictnieola
rad during the iaat five ya»x*
In business in the
tow many y*-«re betöre that
probable Utal ber methods
dlfierent from the preaenl
which the Ittdlct
j
was
* .
ever
M Mtlmony on
Bwt found was given by w .u.en
Bamberger's employ
l»«f!y in Mr»
I bis iMtimuoy
ItHM Of
nrobortteo in part by material evl
i. lucb I< Jewelry and clothing
n bj the tic tlms. and a photograph
Th* young women
have died through
ess of them
bo or» said to
n toc5i.*r(»r » m»trumentailty. dis
Iparvd from their homea and none
_ aw* heard of by reiatlvea since
boCsrovery of the Irua character of
and the
h Bsœtwrgsrs bu*ln**n
for which »be now stands ln
An Ink
■tat vu made by arcldcnt
« <t th* murder* reached th** office
lap™» Attorney Eggen» »1» month* !
; !..
Hr made an Investigation
iptaeata lorrubomied bl* first In
He applied to the police
Detective*
nu'. r
ilstanr«.
■By sad Harrington wer* assigned J
be< ' ! gger* !»» ».
at I tclec U *
ÎJ sad liar - ir.gion have worked in
jKj»ctl..r» to unearth the crlm**»
. »untered many ob
.im- »ecmingiy 1m
»rrter* in the Investigation
»u:' VI* It V '. - 1 .
irg»4 They
xios snd a
y they bad place*! before
■ «Her
I» |r»n<i Jury suffi* lent evidence to
mr»t! Indu tmenu Mr* Bamberger
*» art »»ted by Ihe detectives who
9" • ' !:•' ' hlef P» !• e
» her
IS ksk»d up In th* hoM.orr
■g-ently Mr Kggcr* »wore out a
*»':•*•■■'• f .r h< r and the woman
u:-. ! -
Mm Ilsmbvrger
Sub
n 9iac*4 In >*H The evidence Is
w*A*r*<i slo >st sufficient ■* It now
iu4s. but the , irctiit attorney,and tbe
ksvur»» »r*- »»rklng to «teure addl
corroboration
It
Is charged
Mrs Bamberger committed Ihe
hu*s for hire
It wan ber bufttnc*»
Urform "i^rntlon» and destroy
of th ■ '• Women from
u otaf pior«*d tb<*m*« , )re* under
Under the circumstance*
surrounded the contract* Ire
tvs Mr» Bamberger and her pa
" il I» reasonable to suppose that
bs!.*!,' 1 .' i,,,t *pU friend* and
w * l|t *s Of the
» nr»
Cotise
comparu
M'ollr when »ne of the patienta died
* rslstivp.
She
Mrs Haro
nurse* declare that aa
were not notified
** rr *n»!r)»rei] missing
" T f*r » former
u t
»••nty patients were treated
They say thousand* of
This latter slate
°n« day
!..
__ *»r» burned
!• entuc.lori-d
*H»r th»
extravagant Lizzie
chief witness, declared that
u * nT ' habl*« burned In on* day
** l 'l hundred* of Infant* that she
were destroyed. Hhe de
'hat Mrs Bamberger tossed one
nu,l >< Into l ■
j^Plng it by
It under water several minutes
Bd '""'"U according lo the
k Sepil^ 11 Itemlierger for treatment
l*k»d m ' rr
W DOt
» tub of water and then
tho upt k. rhokwl It und
' K,| 7. Mr* Bamberger
one of the rooms to
r criea. that they might
heard from
*** «' l-yda'a aide while the
1 "'I Ihe nurse declared that
_>>«m berger tied the girl's arms
i* 0r ,. ' r "-."t with a towel and
**>M h " * ,,n »«Id »he
t»t »la V ° '" iy " hlm " another *50
«VU./ " r on '' Mary Hnhlramp
* " ' ,l1 the WttMEEBE any. died
'•Deration some time early In
r. IMr,
her in
•® 0, her in
k'l I«,
the street. The
■1*1
»Iler
Hr.
aii
••»tie
letlfy^t ylrl Mrs. Bamberger to
■» di, " r '".rent* at Mexico should
lofiil n " lt ,,lnl Mr*. Bamberger did
kin 0 . J! ,l " > Hind. Annie Zlmnier
M in, J Br, hr. 111., homme a patient
The nurses declare
1114
'ger house tn October,
4 lrl ',r ra,lnn WH * performed nnd
Rn*, , 11 H ""ie day* later. The
*°nlilnl ,,lnt ^* r *- Hamborger
nn"| l 'i 11,0 < or P«e. placed It In B
Mr river u " '''"■'■te' 1 I« the Merrl
kAloehert i7 ,rH "'"b berger, they aay,
,1 "' trunk, lifted the body
An
II.
■v- a.
a
£
I
]
I
j
i
;
!
'
V.
Y//.
,I» T
4 ,
11
f
. *
*
I
If//
*
/V
»
MRS HENRIETTA BAMBERGER.
out alone, and heaved I« over the
bridge railing Into the water.
Name* of thuee known to (he cir
cuit attorney
lofant I mother not poettlvely
known), strangled and drowned In
1*96 and body burned In a range
l.yda llresM-rt. daughter of Mr. sod
Charged with the Wholesale Murder of
Women and Children at Bt. Loula.
j Mr*. Henry Ureaserl of 1111 Madison
street. In September, HÏ7, and burled
In cellar under Mrs Bamberger*
•table
Msry or Ids Zimmerman of Marine.
Ill, died In October lt>4. body thrown
Into the Merrlin*« river and burled by
Si I .outs county authorities aa an un
identified suicide
Mary Kohlramp of Mexico. Mo . died
In November, 189S burled by the un
dertaking firm of Henry C. Meyer A
Co.. 905 Chouteau avenue. Bt. Uuli. as
Motile Jackson, Nov Id.
I
8.
is
!
!
Mrs Wllhelmli*» rtpoerl of 3432 11- '
Hr.»!, avenue St l J , Ha. died at her ;
home July II, 1999. after treatment by j
Mrs Bamberger on July 1
J
The house Is s three-story brick
sod »lands back from the I
pavement snd there Is a side yard The
u dingy on Ihe outside There
la no f r „ tt g e-ntrwacv There Is a sms'.l
^ ^ ( |) (hr ||dr of |hr bl)UW , Th< ,
iJopr h „ Ä( . ,„to a ba jj al ,h* foot
of a , utrwll!f n, wra ,, lw . n from this
hall Into the parlor and Into the ne*
Thrfc arc nine rooms in !
structure.
ond room
the house, three on each floor. The ■
front room on the first floor was fur
ni»hr.| a* a parlor In plain style Tbe
second room »as the operating room ;
There was sn operating table in the j
apartment A corner at the back of J
the bouse is cut off by s porch, which
give* the kitchen less width than the j
Door* from this porch
other rooms
lead Int
halt that runs In-tween the kitchen
and the building wall,
from a door opening Into the rear yar !
the door opening into the middle
the middle room and Into a
This hall runs
to
room
II was In this hall that the baby
strangled and drowned
There
was
was one witness in the kitchen and an
other in the hall when the murder
committed the deed A back stalr
frum this hall.
ess
wBy run* up
The parly of offlclsls
front stairway preceded by Klnxle
ascended Ihe
B
m Jk **
-
s
/
!
"%'V C V'
r
>•
7/
,
LYDA 11RK8SEUT.
They had Inquired of the latter the
location of his mother's Instruments
had told them thnt he knew
mothers posses
and he
nothing about his
slona.
Mrs. Bamberger
Innocent. She assert* that the evidence
against her Is false, and that It was In
spired by motives of revenge.
declares that she is
Did SH* Mean.'
the Chicago News: Slowboy
tonlght when
Don't you think
From
I am
I go.
it time you
going to kiws you
Mm wining
were going?
Ac-rued of Wllehcraft.
Appleton (Wls.) Special Chicago
Chronicle:
laist August Mrs. Herman
Dalke of Center, s small town
miles north, died under mysterious cir
cumstances
ten
Shortly afterward her
I hlldren. Mary, aged 14; August, aged
8. and Antonio. 6. also died,
cullsr circumstances surrounding the
deaths caused a lot of talk, and the
name of John Dalke. her brother-in
is w and a cripple, was mentioned un
favorably. Then a queer disease at
tacked stock In the neighborhood and
several head of cattle died This caused
The pe
gTeat excitement, and the German set
tlers of the vicinity accused
Dalke of witchcraft. The cripple, In
stead of denying the reports, claims ha
ha* supernatural powers. The neigh
bor* threaten to lynch him. "Witch
doctors" have been appealed to. and
they throw out dark hints of young
Dalke* powers nnd his possible con
young
'
; ufcMon wl,h ** citln g -vents at Center,
j
to Jell f.»r Hts Deg.
Ever since a New Jersey Judge de
ep
I elded that the value of s human Ilfs
»'*' $1. a series of remarkable Judg
ments ha* been made In that state,
Ke, ■ .rder Senior of Paterson last week
ma de what is looked upon as a record
derision for his county when he sent
William Schuyler Harrison, a colored
man. to Jail for ten days for refusing
! to pay the l». al lax on his valler dog
■ „f $1 "You'll go to Jail If you don't,"
tbe collector warned him. "Recorder
.Senior say* he's tired of the lax
; dodgers, snd he * going to make an
j example of some one." Harrison was
J arrested and taken to court. He
pleaded guilty to owing the county $1
j j OT tRX Tho recorder put on his
'
fiercest frown and sent him to jail for
ten days, giving him the same sen
tence that he awarded to a man found
prowling suspiciously about tbe town
and two men charged with uproarious
drunkenne-r New York Journal.
r<
In lt*e Sri
"One of the Imivs at Ihe hotel put me
on lo n little poker game, said Ihe
"and 1 went
dry good* drummer,
around to see what it was like. Thera
were altout thirty respectable-looking
people in the room, nnd one of them
trying to teach me the value ol
was
the cards, when the police broke In nnd
mad*- a clean sweep of everybody. Next
morning, when arraigned at the police
•anted a lawyer, and there
court. I
general laugh ill court as hi*
1 don't know where
There are nine in town.
rith you.' It
was a
honor replied:
you'll get one.
but all are in the pen
was so." continued the drummer, "and
things might have gone hard with us
had it not been for the fact that the
Judge was there, too. but had Just
stepped out as the raid was made.
Nothing was said about it. of course;
hut he lei us off with a fine of $2 each
and a lot of fatherly ad vice.'*
Claim» lo He US Year» Old.
Rutherford county has the oldest
the United States and no
Her
peison in
doubt the oldest in the world,
name Is Mrs. Nancy Halllfleld, and ahe
lives two miles from Ellenboro.
is 118 years old, and until five years
she could
She
i-alk the distance to
ago
Ellenboro with all ease,
a rolling-chair,
who died last summer, looked up her
age three years ago. and she was 115
about 85 when he died.
She now uses
The Rev. Dr. C Lee,
He waa
then.
and often said he could remember well
small hoy she nursed
when he wns a
nml that then she had several
This is a true story
hint
grown children,
and well known
Rutherford county,
cheerful and talkative, and I* now en
joying good health, and can be seen at
a ny time at Mrs. William Smart's.—
Charlotte (N. C.) Observer.
to the people of
She Is bright,
to preserve a watch Is to
One way
hang It up
GERMAN SLAVE GIRLS
are
the
SHOCKING STATE OF AFFAIRS
IN FATHERLAND.
Fut Century lawi Hold Unfortunate
Young Women to Involuntary Borvf
tudo—Moat of Them Kidnaped from
■mull Country Villa*«
The German empress and Countess
WalderBee, formerly princess of Noer,
born Mary Lee, of New York, bave
"made it up." After an estrangement
of several years' standing, these au
gust ladles have met again In a work
of Christian love, the success of which
without the co-operation of either
might well be doubted. The happy al
liance between her majesty and the
field marshal's wife, niece and aunt
purposes to put an end to a most dis
graceful form of white slavery—the
I waitress evil—to which nearly 30,000
worthy young women of the father
] land are subject. The position of the
I waitress of Germany in no wise cor
responds to that of the English bar
maid, though both serve liquor to male
guests. While her British cousin is
regarded as a business woman and ac
cordingly paid, the German waitress
j la a coolie, sold by contractors to her
i master for a stipulated length of time.
; Yet even the degrading term "coolie"
! only Inadequately describes Gretcben's
' position, for It suggests, besides tem
porary bondage, certain rights as to
wage and liberty at the expiration of
the contract. The German waitress
receives no wages, and the abject fi
nancial dependency In which she is
kept by bosses and agents prevents
her, even when she is nominally free,
from going her own way and becom
ing, if she chooses, a useful member of
society. As, despite the sorry condi
tions under which they live, the ma
jority of waitresses are respectable,
hard-working girls, the empreBS gra
ciously received the petitions for relief
addressed to her by several thousand
young women engaged in the business,
and forthwith ordered the civil and
clerical members of her household to
investigate the waitress question from
a judicial, legislative and purely bu
Tbese authorities
and agent respectively she figures as
a sort of outlaw, having no right to
admlnlster to her own affairs; she is
subject to all sorts of fines and bound
to spend her earnings in the way her !
master directs. The master manages
mane standpoint
have now made their report, and her
majesty summoned Countess Walder
•ee. "her American aunt," as her ex
cellency is called at court, to Berlin to
help devise ways and means for stamp
ing out the evil. The report of her
■»•Jetty's commissioners, who in their
ffivesUgatloas had the active support
•t numerous government and munici
pal Vifflcerm throughout the empire, dis
closes a thoroughly disgraceful state
of affairs with respect to Empress
Auguste Victoria's new proteges. "The
German waitress." says the paper, "is
a slave in all but name, in the con
tracts which bind her to her master
to keep hsr In his debt all the time
and uses her dependency for his own
profit, until sickness or loss of good
looks makes It desirable for him to re
tease her from further bondage. Pen
nltess and infirm, the waitress is then
thrown on the pavement to become a
burden to the community. The report (
goes on to say that the waitress evil
flourishes In the metropolis and In the ,
big cities no more brazenly than in j
the smaller towns. In Posen, for In
an
$1
stance, which has only 70,000 inhab- ;
Hants. Including the garrison, there ,
are forty Treat-Kneipen, employing
from three to twelve so-called pretty
waiter girls. Disloyal husbands, dis- '
honest clerks, boys and pupils of the <
higher schools even spend their nights ,
and. more often than not, other peo
pie's money In these evil resorts that
only tend to enrich the unscrupulous
' liquor sellers aud to degrade their em
ployes. Seventy per cent of all petty
embezilement cases and the downfall
are constantly before the police and
higher courts. Yet the state and mu
for
me 0 j numerous young men ran be traced
Ihe j 0 i b ese Kneipen, the names of which
ol
Pi
Ml
S'
■J J IA l\.e
A
hi*
It
us
the
N
«i
Ö
V
1 1
f,
:a
no
ahe
TYPE OK BONDED WAITRESS,
ulclpalltles not only tolertfte them, but
license them, ami "there lies the root
of the evil, which your Majesty's Influ
ence may remove," say the commis
sioners. These gentlemen discovered
that the chief depots of the white
slave market are in East Prussia and
In Prussian and Austrian Poland. In
such one horse towns as K.attowltz,
Myslowitz, Beuthen, etc., large con
signments of women and girls from
Russia, Hungary. Galicia and Austria
sre cosatautly arriving under escort
of tap house hangers-on and worse in
dividuals. There they are pluced in
comparatively luxurious boarding
houses, and are entertained by the
atrical performances and other arnuse
to
her
115
en
at
of
to
manta to make them forget their
horoea from where they have been al
lured under one pretense or another.
The commissioners found that a large
percentage of the waitress candidates
are kidnaped outright, while most of
them are out-of-workg belonging to
the servant, saleswomen and working
classes.
Then there are many di
vorced, abandoned or destitute young
wives
and widows, seamstresses,
chorus girls, models, dancers, tew* rs
and other professional women wfih
out employment. All the waitresses
examined by the commissioners had
papers to show that before entering
upon their present vocation they had
made an honest living in one of the
branches mentioned. The kidnaped
girls were found to be daughters of
farmers, petty officials and merchants.
Their homes were in out-of-the-way
places, and promises of fat salaries
and fine clothes and gifts of trinkets
had usually been held out to lure them
away. Arrived at the depots, the girls
h
i
m
*fA
V
f
I
/
l
am
x
Hi. ,
in
1^
7
V.
S
ULTIMATE FATE OF THE "WHITE
SLAVES."
are made to sign contracts with an
agent for a number of years. The con
tracts are always drawn up in a lan
guage not understood by the signers.
Thus the Bohemian and Polish girls
are made to acknowledge contracts in
German, and vice versa. The con
tracts, say the commissioners, are
regular pirate letters, and, what Is
worse, they can be Btrictly enforced
under the old-time servant girlB law.
The signer is bound to her master
body and soul, he assuming to look
after her physical and moral well be
ing, which means that he reserves to
himself the right to administer to her
finances and to inflict corporal pun
ishment upon her If he thinks she de
serves it. To that end he may strike
her with his open fist and whip her
! with a strap or walking cane—"but
with no deadly weapon," says the
merciful law. In the depots the girls
are kept until properly equipped for
business and until engagements can
be procured. The equipment and
board money usually eat up all a wait
ress can earn in the next twelve
months; in fact, she is kept there un
( til a bill of sufficient proportions is
run up to give the agent the first call
, on all the candidate's money for a year
j to come at least.
The agents hire out waitresses In
; all German-speaking countries and In
, Belgium and Holland, and to avoid
publishing the criminal character of
the transactions orders are given and
' contracts made in a certain tele
< graphic cipher, which designates the
, human merchandise as "cases." In
vestigation in the Myslowitz Post and
Telegraph Office showed that in one
month a single agent there disposed
of 130 "cases," receiving orders and
commissions for them. The commls
sions vary between ten and a hun
dred marks. Here are some of the
dispatches quoted in the report to her
Majesty;
"Send us three 'cases;' one big, an
other ethereal, the third fat,"
"An elegant 'case' wanted." That
means a waitress of fine address,
wearing stylish clothes.
"Send ten double cases for the first."
Double cases are girls who speak, be
sides German, the language of the
country for which they are engaged.
Very frequently the telegrams call
for "gold cases." promising extra com
missions. Gold cases are waitresses
who understand how to inveigle cus
tomers luto buying champagne and
into spending their last penny over
the bar.
If a waitress ever attempts to es
cape the bondage or to spend some of
her own money without letting it run
through the fingers of boss and agents,
she is at once blacklisted to all con
cerned as a "bad case," and, if possi
ble, is dispatched to garrison towns,
where soldiers and officers maltreat
her In shocking style just because It
is the fashion there to "jump" on fe
male menials. But a waitress may
also be blacklisted for refusing to dis
grace herself by making men treat, or
for a physical Inability to swallow all
the liquor offered to her by guests.
Wages she receives not—unless she
is a "gold case" she must consider
herself lucky If the boss pays third
class railway fare for her. Tips con
stitute her income, and out of these
she must buy at advanced rates food
for herself while tending to the sa
loon.
She Is usually on duty from twelve
to fifteen hours and knows neither
on the con
Sundays nor holidays;
trary, these are her hardest days.
Waitresses arc never kept longer than
a month In one place, for the Treat
Kneipen proprietor craves new at
tractions all the time and the agent
la hungry for commissions As oftea
as one of his white slaves changes her
situation the agent gets a fee from
her. The commissioners report that
those waitresses who bring In most
to their employers are worst off finan
cially. These are the "national cos
tume" waitresses kept in many sa
loons. The costumes are ex pens Its
affairs, and the girls never get through
paying for them, as they buy them
from the agents on time, as they d*
everything they need. The commis
sioners hope that this installment
business may afford chances for prose
cution, as it is identical with the truck
system, punishable by law.
also found that the agents act as
pawnbrokers for the waitresses, gnd,
in short, exhaust every possible trick
to keep them In financial dependency.
Their poor victims move from one
town to another, going from bad to
worse, for long hours and incessant
drinking goon tell on women, and
they lose their good looks and sink
from the big estate of a "gold case"
to a mere "fat case" or a "bad case."
The commissioners say "the wait
resses are not allowed to go out un
attended for fear that they might run
away. For the same reason they never
have an hour to themselves, and Bpend
their lives working for the boss or
resting from exhausting duties. Slav
ery could not impose more oppressive
obligations and less freedom of ac
tion." But the resemblance does not
end there. If a waitress has the good
luck to have marriage offered to her,
her Intended husband must buy her
from the brutes that contracted for
her services. In some cases as much
as 5,000 marks have been paid for the
release of such a white slave.
MAGICAL NUMBER NINE.
Among the magicians and soothsay
ers of ancient times the figures 9 and
3 had a certain amount of mystery and
sacredness attached to them; volumes
have been written in explanation of
their meaning in connection with the
history of men and the world.
Apropos of this, a curious coinci
dence is noted In the fact that nearly
all the great mining discoveries of re
cent times have been made in years
ending with the magic figure 9, says
Leslie's Weekly. Thus the famous
gold find in California fell in the year
1849. Ten years later, in 1859. remark
able discoveries of the same metal
were made simultaneously in Australia
and British Columbia, causing a great
rush of fortune-hunters to these points.
In 18C9 the famous Comstock lode
find became known to the world; in
1879 the gold-bearing region around
Lead ville, Colo., and Tombstone, Arlx.,
began to attract attention, and in 1889
the diggings at Clover Creek and in
Lower California became the objective
points of great multitudes of excited
and anxious seekers after sudden
wealth. And now again, at the end of
another decade, history repeats itself
once more. The remarkable gold finds
recently made at Cape Nome, surpass
ing in richness and extent anything
yet discovered in the Yukon district,
bid fair to make this year 1899 as nota
ble as any in the annals of gold mia
ing.
A GERMAN SENSATION.
J
Whether or not the report that
Count Herbert Bismarck Is to separate
from his young wife be true, it is said
to be a fact that their married life
has not been a happy one. The count
is 50 years old and his wife is not yet
30. She was the daughter of Count
George Hoyos, a retired officer of the
Austrian army. Count Hoyos is the
son-in-law and partner of Whitehead,
the Inventor of the torpedo which
bears his name. The Countess Hoyoa
is the sole heir to the wealth of her
father and her daughter has a fortune
in her own right. She was married to
Count Herbert Bismarck in 1892. One
of the most Intimate friends of Count
Herbert is Baron von Plesson, for
years the German consul general to
Buda-Pesth. His wife Is an elder
daughter of Count Hoyos, and U W«»
\
7
mr
2
r'L*
COUNTESS BISMARCK,
while visiting at his house that Count
Bismarck met the woman who be
came his wife.
Next Kcllp««» of the Su».
The next total solar eclipse will be
May .8, 1900. The duration of totality
ranges from one minute thirty-six sec
onds In Portugal to one minute six sec
onds In northern Africa. General sci
entific expeditions will proceed to Al
giers on account of Its low cloud ratio
and er.se of access. An eclipse com
mittee In London is getting up a tread
excursion party.
OH for LlghlUoa*»«.
Danish lighthouses are supplied with
oil to dump on the waves during a
storm.

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