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THE BLACKFOOT NEWS.
IDAHO. SLACKFOOT. bridal couple. A messenger boy would be a novelty H moving pictures. Lots la probably the oaly thing that tea more Uvea than a cat Never write a popular novel, public will expect you to do it again. The Truth is the hub around which all the strong spokes of the universe re vo've. An honest man is still the noblest work of God, all Wall Street reports to the contrary. Wall street flurries may come and go, but the country, fortunately, la not npon a speculative basis. Some things are past all human un derstanding. A man drinks whisky to warm himself and ice water to cool the whisky. When a political party comes to de pend on the criminal elements for •access at the polls its days of uaeful are past Waldorf Aator refused to mention the death of the Duke of Westminster. Oh. well, the duke will doubtless serra him the same way. The public school la the light and the hope of the nation, provided that foreigners are not permitted to mon key with tha text books. Scientific men predict that patho genic bacteria, or disease-breeding germs, are destined to be exterminated in civilized lands, along with man-eat ing beasts and venomous serpents. And why not? Already the progri medical science has gone far to elim inate or cancel the poison of typhoid and diphtheria; the bacillus of con sumption la being hunted to its lair; and In cities where sanitation is duly regarded the scourge of cholera and ! yellow fever need no longer be feared. ! of There will be introducea In congress soon a bill to grant an Increase of pension to the widow of Captain Allyn j Capron, who commanded Capron's bat- ; tery at Santiago. Many private pen- 1 sion bills are without merit. Not so the one to be Introduced for Mrs. ; Capron. She Is receiving now the |20 i a month which the law gives to the widows of captains in the regular ; army. That Is her sole income, and out of it she has to support as best she can three children, all under 13 years of age. Her oldest son, Captain Allyn Capron, Jr., was the first Amer- | lean officer killed in the charge up San j Juan Hill by Roosevelt's "Rough j Riders," in which command he served. The Chippewa outbreak in Minne sota in the fall of 1898 Is attrib uted by the commissioner of Indian affairs. In his annual report, to the misconduct of federal officials. Deputy marshals had been In the habit of making wholesale arrests of Indiana, j either as witnesses or offenders, solely j for the fees whloh would accrue to I them. The estimators appointed to ! appralse the Chippewas' timber had made heavy charges for their work. | which was worthless and had to be ! done over a second time and a third time. The Indians also had suffered from timber depredations, and from the tale of their lands at prices much below their real value. The distrust and exasperation occasioned by these wrongs led them to armed resistance to tte military force sent to arrest their chief. Most of the corn exported from the United States goes to Europe, and Its popularity seems to be gaining there. To the United Kingdom, the exporta of corn In the ten months ending -with October were In 1899, 69,883,800 bushels, against 61,939,167 bushels in 1898; to Germany, 35,804,109 bushels In the ten months of 1899, against 34, 888,381 in the ten months of 1898; and 27,472,388 bushels In the ten months of 1897; to France the exporta in 1890 were slightly less than those of 1808 or 1897, by reason of the unusually large grain crop In that country, while to other European countries the ex ports of the ten months of 1890 were 42,505,448 bushels, against 80,211,885 In 1898, and 36,866,388 In the correspond ing months of 1897. This steady In crease In the exports of corn to Eu ropean countries, and especially tte increase In 1899 over preceding years, Is the more remarkable because of tha fact that the general supply of bread stuffs in Europe In the present year Is vastly In axceas of the preceding year when the supply was unusually short, and the fact that the demand for corn continues in the face of an Increasad supply of home-grown breadstuff» In dicates a rapid growth In Its popu larity. The navy has hitherto been com monly regarded aa the junior branch of tte nation's militant service, subor dinate In rank to the army. But now It becomes the senior branch, because Its head Is an admiral, whose rank la technically two grades higher than that of a major-general, who la now the highest officer In the army. That is one of the conaequences of a war In which the navy had greater opportuni ties of distinction than the army. Courtesy opens many doors and lack of eourtesr leaves them open. AMERICA'S BREEDING PLACE OF PESTILENCE. Whan tha long-expected "plague" arrived In New Orleans tha city of flnntoa was brought Into na unenviable prominsooa one* morn among tha tftlaa of tha western hemisphere. Santas has enjoyed tha reputation ef being tha danger spot of the Amer The Inexorable march westward of that disease which la the revenge of tha □riant on tha western world Anally had appaared before tha aea gates of New York—and it had taken passage by way of Santos. Some 300 miles down the Brasilian coast from Rio Janeiro, where the Brasilian Andes breaks into serrated fringes of mountains, which remind one of "Crags, knolls and mounda, confusedly hurled. The fragments of an earlier world," Is the white, gleaming city of Santos. From there the major portion of the world la supplied with coffee, and from there come the plagues and tha pestil ence which scare mankind. Back of Santos la the great coffee raising district of Braxll. Rio de Ja aelro used to be the place from which the greatest amount of coffee was ship ped, but of late years Santos has given the Braxlllan capital a hard run. Sao Paulo has stolen from Minas the palm of the coffee bearing territory. Santos was a healthy city before commerce found It. The town woke up one morn - Ing to And Itself a great commercial r 4 Ur - At Ate at' r à :fr 2^--, * ÎV if V , *.» t» v "--Tb, «7^ i . «s V M v'l U. I." i \f ' v Jilted n* vekjffffl rT V. u. , stss III ■f •• ■* THE CITY OF 8ANT09. j j tort, and Immediately disease began to I ^ ODe of Its exports. Yellow fever ! *•* Imported from the north, and be >*tne epidemic. When the fever gats | Bore *** evidence than usual It la said ! * epidemic, and even the health of leers of the place acknowledge Its vreeeoce. 1« the epidemic of 1882 10 per cent of Ite inhabitants of the city died from be fever. There ia an unwritten tew » Central and South America which »revente a person who wlehee to be well thought of by hia fellows from ■freaking of "yellow fever." The same »ourtesy prevents "ysllow fever" from terming any considerable part of the vital statistics of American tropical towns. People may die of "malaria" nr "gastroenteritis," but no well-con lucted person would die of "yellow lever." In striking contrast to this lesire to ignore the fact of yellow fever haa been the avidity with which the Brasilian doctors have taken up the plague. When It was reported first that the Asiatic horror had crossed the Atlantic and found a lodgment on the weetern continent, the acting assistant surgeon of the United States marine hospital service stationed in Rio was doubtful. But soon he acknowledged that the plague had arrived and so In formed the department. Six years ago the yellow fever was so bad in Santos that a commission, con sisting of Prof. E. A. Feurtes of Cor nell. Rudolph Herring, civil engineer, and James H. Feurtes, was sent there. At that time the situation was so bad in SLntos that friends when they part ed for the night said "Good-by" and not "Good night" made several recommendations, many of which hava been carried out, and Santos today 1s In a much better sani tary condition than It was when the commission visited It. This commlsftlon It has grown wonderfully In wealth and population, and whereas a few years ago It Inhabited almost entirely by laborers. It now has many fine streets and fine residences. The coffee merchant who ased to live entirely In the nelghbor ng city of Sao Paulo now has his louse In ths city of Santos, and spends 3 least the cool months there. Hantos s built on a plain formed by the dls ■tegrated washings of the Brazilian Indes at the foot of a pass leading up o the coffee bearing district. James I. Feurtes of the American conamls km which was sent to Hantos In 1893 ays In a recent report to the govern was t? "Tha city la rery flat and moat of U la but a few feat a bore the aaa lead, Aa a reault it la aurroundad by Urge areas of freah water awampa, because the heavy surf from tha ocean throws up a dike of sand along the sea front, thus holding back the waters of the streams from the mountains, except in times of very heavy rains, when the large flows break through and for a time relieve tha swamps of their sur Plus water.. "The town had already a ay.tea of sewers, but they were laid on very flat gradee. and In some esses had no slope. the putrefying sewage filling long lines of mains and giving off offensive odors as wall as infecting the subsoil. The sewage was collected at a pumping sta tlon at the edge of the town and dis charged into the harbor on the mud flats, a pretense of chemical treatment being made in some small settling basins. The works as administered were thoroughly Inefficient, and It was evident that, In view of their imper fact construction and inadequate sizes, they would hare to be reconstructed, especially aa the point of discharge of tha effluent was in a very unfavorable place, and aa there was a good location for it a little further down stream with walls laid without mortar, leading under the business portions of the town, running under the buildings and almost Impossible to trace. The filth of these was carried back and forth "There were also s number of drains, It/ the tides, and their embouchures were Into the harbor, walls upon which the charged their cargoes. i Portion of the business dUMct^ I ta • depression of the grade of the street, thus forming a pocket in which ' the aurfac. water collected during heavy rains on account of the stoppage ! of an untraceable drain, and the store , proprietors In the region built masonry ! dam. about three feet high across the ! doorways to prevent this Hood water . from entering the stores and mining their .tocks, The house« were built in the man ner characteristic of the country, be ing generally one »tory In height, of masonry, and with no cellars or ven tllatlon under the floors, and with the most primitive sanitary arrangements. The streets and yard, of house, were often in a moat filthy condition, and personal habit, of cleanliness and de .° n tV * T7 h4nd obMrTed to be violated In a disgusting degree. On through the | vessels dis " ^ OUR SAILOR BOYS AT PLAY. _ ( 2 1 c <C y L. ? r 7 3 ::-waa«apz : In piping times of peace the Jackies of the navy often find It hard work to amuse themselves during their Idle hours. This Is especially the case when a man-of-war happens to be In quarantine, which, of course, usually happens In southern waters, such la the case, the sailor boys do their best to amuse themselves with swimming races, water polo matches When tha sidewalk* of tha aida atraata. la tha - haart at tha town dapoalta of flltny matter ware frequently to ha obaarrad, ana the house drains located often against the fronts of houses, common y discharged their contenu In ^he «treat gutters. An effort wss mad. by' »• city authoritle. to mitigate tha «ytl by disinfecting these places with chloride of lime, but various distinctive odors on a hot. moist day ware in strong evidence all over the town "The city had acquired such an un «very reputation with ship owner, on | account of yellow fever that on. 11ns j purchased an Island outside of the bar bor upon which they disembarked tha j craws of their vessels when reaching port, sending the vessel to the ha bor by native crew, picked up for the pur- j pose. There betns uo quarantine sta- ' tion. ships were sometimes refused ad mission to the harbor and wer« sent back to the government station at Rio da Janeiro often imposing great hard ships on the ship owners as well aa on the merchants who expected goods on them or were waiting to ship coffee "The recommendation» of the report were, briefly, to establish an efficient quarantine nation, with the necessary ; house« for observation hospitals, etc., j exercise of quarantine, to clean up the ! town, eetsblish proper public eonvenl- j j ences, bath and wash house«, to build 1 j hospitals tn proper locations for the ; j treatment of yellow fever.smallpox and with proper regulations to govern the other Infectious disease, to construct , ««wer* and draina; to drain ^ r * 8b ' water »wamp# Rurroiinding SlS^STS^b T" ^ 1 " the Stv m navi *2 /" ok Impervious Dav^mmf« u % * W I a gc^d system ofTolilcilnc 'T* I in| the r.fu«* and garbage oAhTc'ltv ! and d*stroy it In furnace«* and toMnm ! about a gradual change In the manier ! of «on.Æ.g ' er lighting and ventilation a« weU Is to adopt croner m*thoH« nt ni. n » I T h e ° 1 m p r ove^n e nT *of °the °h arbor * has ! been already undertaken and nrom lied to give every facilltr needed hr the large and growing business of thé town. "The report was well received and It was expected that work would soon be undertaken, but ulfortunatefrTh* country became Involved In s civil'war that taxed the r^oumÜ vA heavTlv i «nd this, as well a, political compile!- i tlons, postponed operations Th* cltv F. , efficient and amateur theatrical but the most popular «H Is going out performance amusement ttt greased pole. Til , th * - Tbl» polo Is let down from one or the UPPJT decks of the „hip, and then Jaeky after jacky attempts to climb out to the *?nd of it. It 1« nr, task, and many an agile young «earn!! goeH flopping down Into the fore the feat Is the prize awnrded water be once accomplished and however. carried out the riNiMMS ttooa m far aa It could, aa to tte saa* aral eanltary care of the atraata aad public plaraa. and to coma astaat alaa la tba matter or kaaplag a eloaar watch a* Incoming vaaaaia fraaa „ petted porta - Thla Is a aevere arraignment •* » city, and the Manda of Santon elate that the new water front which tea been built la a distinct advance In the Una of sanitary work It wa. ate«« thla «ma water front, however, tte the rat. war. found dead ln auch great ] numbers when the first cases of pteffM i were reported from Hantoa Tte | plague seems to have been brought to Haatoe in »hip« from Portugal or Indio. , and carried ashore by rata. In hia j report to the government whan tte ' first news of the plague having reached Santos was received, the t'nited State« medical olflcer in Rio said 1 ' The administration of the docks at ; Samoa have declared that reedntty j they have been much troubled by rats -to such an estent that they bava ' been forced to poison those animals, This, then, seems to explain tba ap pearance of the large number of dead , ; rata, and there la no reaaon for eon Jecture* that are mads thereon. j "As ! *m describing the situation, I ! will not omit to mention other cou- i j lectures, which are nearly always mad« 1 when such measure« against epidemic ; diseases are taken, that Illegitimate ; commercial and political Interests srs j : , connected with the question I do not b+Itav* in th# #xi*tnnr* tK Ä . thla raa# but th# oth**r i # * 1 b ' ^^ • -Ä ISSTSZ ' h ' m " 1ir ' l *' , *'**' r » declare VS I #xl#Unr ® a strong effort Is I m4d * to •" Pnr * *" loubts. without re ! "* ,h * lnt ' ,, ** t * of th* commerce ! * n<, a P#r *" n * 1 Intercourse, without re ! **', 10 ' h * C,ty ' h " ,Ul * * n<1 th * W ' T « «tenu f J 0 "' ^ Ik« I *' **'"■ for *hlch la expected as «j ! * hl « h o' ffratltude , *° ^Jlr * fl,, • tovemment, which ! '''* ntu * ,| J' m »T have prevented a fur ' her *P r «»d of an epidemic. Sueb would not be an unnatural feeling. Th« I danger has been just M !? Ur - b * h * r ""•* ke the considers , n * IIJ 1 * l4 '* r ' how * ,, * r he reported i br r4h '* i , H4 " h4d 4 ,on «'tatlon of phyal ^ l4n " «Mved hare today from Bento«; , have seen culturee; it | s very lm portent that I should affirm; plagua, doubtless Diagnosis confirmed by bacteriological examlnatlcn. Am sal Isfled that the disease has existed s nee two month* Hp t 0 the press«! time there were seventeen case, and four deaths," , '* PoPktafly believed in S«ntM that the plague came there on the Por tuguese Steamer Rio de Portugal Dr Havelburg dismisses this claim, and *»ys that the bubonic plague has been present In Hsnto. since the first days of Heptcmher. Amon(5 lb# WB „. kD0W|1 men In Hantos who were stricken down by the plague was Dr. Vital Brasil, aa eminent bacteriologist. In the piagu# cases in Hantos Yer ? , " * M ' nim ha * been used with grnU y ng results a letter from the Amer ican vice-consul at Hantos received re cently ssye that there are no new cases of plague In the city, and that It I* believed that the disease control, if R hat stamped out. Is under not been entirely Ü *"« •«•e-oklt«. la BnglM«. Several F.ngllsh rompante« engaged n building automobile« have refr£«d accept any further order* unlew » nine month«' delivery clause Is »erted In tha contract. drL r *f nkl * l * h ~ W4nl hoffow « hun Jred from me! You must be meted. Ä ' ** ***»- *" — »te SQUAW 18 a WIU. SHANK IN Ml «■TATI Indian Lucy. who. maiden, eat upon the kamm^ Hite, a California goM*^*** algh , TNn "Oonna m, ohm - . „ • « , on „" h „'T 4 *"*' Q ""****•< owner ( " V te '' , ,h * tetaN*. 'be mentait«^ *"'\ n ***** Thus has 1*^ . , . ° * — ■»»• i ,n *" >" »" American tew. ol1 * whlr b »(tractad «tt«. throughout the I'nited State* t| dlno marriage under tbs oW bas been dec lared valid, sad __ »«luence John H Hite win W wM upon to there hi* million» «kg g, woman who. In times of «dWMl occupied his humble misse» ' administered to his waatg Hi ^ when wealth lay it hla Nm. ™ thrown aside, as a cast-off -••teh ' a M Thai NasdHi ***** •* • Can •a a MO. aad muui M * Ubi have her place usurped by a uT™ woman *** The other «lay Judge f n—ph y before whom the celebrated ,^7*** tried, handed down th* ioac-teMw decision It not only *? Mrs. Hite in ih* eye* of ike allows h-r oi >n!h'y silaoay Ing further action foe a fiikte ff community property tad pmbk attorneys 14.000 in fees. THtgk H decision dor* not so mentis«, k b H vtcma that litir's aub*cqns«i MnHi to Cslla Noagura through a rrtticai Illness. Is tstsM Next will come a suit (or tks ifti share of the wealth the miitteakste amassed, and doubtless long Asian* stubbornly contested appeal« nd may drag along fur years ta esta IN history of this unusually tatsnsHf case, at pointa, is st drsmatk « as early life of John Hue sad Tag* was romantic la UM Mils I iff muscular and hendaontr seethes«, came to California sad drtftet m Mariposa county Hr was a !twtn in the mining ramp« end wheats UN n pretty young Indies woman tsta is cabin, after th* trmpuasibi« Ms of the early «lays ther* wm mss a queatlon his right She loOest* Ua about on his prospecting tonrt tsdt was her keenr.esa which karsud 0» a pot. which, from Hite's 8r*t prs#««. Ing. developerl Into lb* great Hit» aw • fid made its This preit) s ynutigcr sU though she ws « ijj taiast SO ■ owner a tail'll**»* r Indian tonus fH i*r "I mrrttfi. Uu n th« mmrtm i Hit* Io«St^4 a •rtoth»r't rtini« to him. 10*1 b* is ttf dtlSSt *;tu* .4 14» r a tits*, tacs» i* ownership of th* pi county. Then, aft' •ilan words w*r* * to Hit*. "1 am your wlf*. whMk s«zi 0 Add 10 tit Ur* slut girl. "I am your hu= old and llllc tired <>( h*r s, kn ««'« Finally, in Orta*»» *** I Rrf year* mgn. ihr • former nur** casting off i-acy " Ts* rame th» suit for ackhowleAgm** »*1 wealth, the derlelon of which Hs th* aette »A been handed down for divorce on the ground of t ateW naming Cecilia Nougu** a* ro-m?»* ent. though she had gone IhroH» » with Hite, fig »* of cots»»»*? Hit* declitvd ■ many an- • «-te. •«*" . JLhM . Btf#f married l ' acf hf ttlto to "-If." ««!'• »•• ui *** the existence of sny commtiaKfJJ« The divorce M.rtpomi Hep«. 26 of «tel -J J subsequently was trsnsferrsd Francisco. ... M A bitter legal *«™««'* Intenae did the conflict wt jß _ ^ engendered hard feelings »■** attorneys, and at one u ®* *** |w- . wee bandied In the court room ' „ ed at Attorney W W Foot* counsel, who bad charged In » epeecb, that bl.ckm.U *M HWJJ, tempted. The scene el ^ «■« of «ettement. <">*»'*"**£, of "*uns." "aaewInsHon a* limiter expreeslons. rin * 1 r --g » was ended and Judge Jones re*«^ Marlpoaa county to prepare . «Ion. Prior lo this Um« 'I* court waa appealed to to m * 11 * «-jjst allowln« "Lucy" alimony and *■ fund* out of Hlte'e h0 * rd j7: -m* to prosecute her case T 7 .»»ttH was denied, on the grounl plaintiff muet first prove her W'^ to wifehood, but now that Jo*** - opinion establishes thl* f» rt "* an will recelvs the money marrlage ceremony Chain AW«* From the Baltimore Sun clpal object In England w a tour of the cathedral t0 *" their music and study t® methods. The training voices there I« reduced to but It la a fact that th« f® la not always to be found In t ^ cathedrals. The choir at o* passed any of those of t - rW fy ) lM cathedrals, and that at CanWWn-^ flrat among English ohurctek lively bad. The boys at London, «how raarvelou* m King's college, Cambridge ^ dalen, Oxford, probably have w trained choir« In the wor ■ ^«r voice doesn't seem to be ^ *»• stood In Germany, where srnl choirs. 1 never hoard . , (W rf. »„sic In my life th4n . ■ here I visited three «JupJsa „ Ing th* cathedral. Charrt Om-many Is far "below pa > with that of England. Uf r fU ; BA»* 10 H»' ckotr kop' «cP** choir