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um AND POULTRY.
•u< to t® Ua in -veneSTINO CHARTER* for 1 OUH RURAL READERS. ,„..^'■1 rmrsmeem OpenMe TSR p^en* 1 ' 1 DSU M W ^4 rmmllrr vl Um Vans —• A Few fb.hiw.lv mt 0,1.Ha Pal-r Oefiog the winter of JS9P-IP00 tame w,. me bools, supported by the On art# government, wer» conducted in iproviuce at Guelph, Btralhroy and _all of them being under the of Dr. James Mills, President gisgsuia faction g (ks Outario Agricultural college, its count-, of Ins true tlou were largely •y mm* ln each case, although the astral school at Guelph had the ben gtot a series of lectures from mem of the college staff, and also the of practically Judging and atfvtBtaf* yadling dairy cows and studying dairy The courses pursued were as follows: meet the growing fie pachcally IB order to mat for good butter makers to take gw of factories during tbs winter Maths and early spring, each dairy from December 4 Khool was open #>a A practical and thorough training given in the running of cream of different makes, the pas •mutters Mrtssuun of wbols milk SBd cream rtra sad ripening of pxsteunxed and of the acid test for itv cream, use msb, running of box churns, the oom Kitd churn and gaaea worker, the preparation of but er tor Us ai and export market», and «iter ot a practical Character; also in (he milk with the lieber* k Mar and lactometer, la the es« ot the ; •0 teal caurn. lu composite sampling ; , , , _ . mt is the making up of factory ae- , , that the éludant» might 1 worker and lb* wests. *o lam s thorough knowledge of how to ». creamery properly Themiwsr® , at summation» sud no certificates , C™ *■ ltl1 * "t"" 11 * course ! There wer* two factory worses one 4 threa w •«. and another of six nriui duration. The.« cour.es pro iMa theoretical aud practical Instruc fies is che.»- making and the cur.ng nek«-.*, butter-tnaking (both sep »■»«» and cream gathering planst i»4 preparation of outter for market, gJk trittng with tb# Babcock tester and lsctumeter. and oil-test churn. IsMcb ts so murb u»cd In cream gnUt Mag creameries; pasleurtxing both vtoie milk and cream. They also In tad« fcri -ntation tesla, the use of • • i ! j ; garter», dairy bacteriology, agriculture h r*Utkm to dairying, and factory Mords and accounts, etc. Kvanioaj on praeticul dairy topics. h« by cor of the instructor«, was held ter afterm*»na In each week. These ^•rUMloc» lasted for one hour and wr. of much value to both students bdlMirunors K*pert* wers brought ImTrr Stwual tnotrurtlon* were also given .it,';»-: , 1 running of l-.ll erf.».! glB« by a taatrurtor * <u also practice in pipe-fitting, tlag raives etc ! Vkile the fart U reeognlied that the ■safacture of checae and butter must j ew#o«d largely to the eo-operatlv* iMMry system In order to attain » high cat »urreu. U u «1*0 a fact * • urg. quantity of butter and M ar, w *de. and will «m « to U made. In farm dairies. To >W« tb, farmer, to produce a finer *17 of butter and cboeae. and «y receive a better price, a home court» was carried on In two ot ' ► bool*. A competent lady In- j tor wo* secured la each case, and : kirtbod* followed, and the appara- ; sad tilenall* used were Inexpensive, Itarh so bare been found most suit- 1 ♦ for us« In farm dairies. Students | tbl* courue were allowed to enter : r Uw ® «Der January 4 and remain «mg as they wished. 1 I e«e* nun» nf v«nt Pmiirr. H. Carman. Entomologist and ' **n!rt of the Kentucky Experiment **ton. In bulletin 70 of that station. •: loan* chickens much very »bled in Kentucky with gapes. The **** '»cur* throughout the »tat». J to not uniform In Us occurrence. ®* destructive on one farm, whll* ,IB * *dJolnlng are free from It. On * Experiment Farm at Lexington * dbeaae are ■ rarely makes Its appear ■ vhlle on a place Just across » majority of the chick* hatch* 1 ■ente teamn» destroyed by It. At "vn place again, a mile away, the me U • the very annoying. It appears 0ft(, e It become* established on maintain* Itself there and thus er * It III suited to the raising of -««a*. »bl« |„ d it The Immediate cause of the |a of course the presence of *«M-kn°wn gape worm (Byngamu» a*'.» 1° the trachea or windpipe. Er»* Wnrm * obstruct the passage of 10 *nd from , the lungs and thus oc « in» characteristic gasping move * of the suffering chicks. The ftoms nnd general nature of the 9 nrp *n well known tha£ further ^ np e to them may be dispensed Comm nn RwB «dles.-~Tbe commonly B mended Practice of Introducing to* trachea a partly stripped l 1( ? r ' or a hluegrsss top, and by s n K motion dislodging and rsmov w orm* does not seem to me 9 ° n,la,,r able experience with the 'd fowl, t0 hi practicable for young chick*. The trachea ts so *u and th« 1er Dn..ik. *° «»Ily Injured that it ts •V 9 * dislodge end remove »11 , ® Worn >a by such manna. With «testât « tn c ar® I have never been hm- * lT ® * ff ected chicks mors than * «tick» way. my experience, however, gonerally recover without *!"■ Ul,y »" •"***•« «*• ! *« h »H grown. and baue* fowls t w*t might from their ilit be treated •u< «-»»fully with a feather do not re Quire treatment of say sort. It la the »err young chicks that cutter moat, and the only remedial treatment la their case that aeema to me to be eue cessful la nibbing the neck from time to time with lard or vaseline tbor auOiy mixed with a little turpentine t® ttarta of the lard or vaseline to 1 part of turpentine). Thla treatment ahouid begin before the diaeaae makee Ua appearance, it will not help a chick in the lut atagea of the diaeaae. Pure turpentine will very quickly kill a chick when rubbed on the neck over the trachea, a fact which I have see «ral time* demonstrated on badly af fected Individuale. Since my obaervationa on tha dia eaae were made 1 have .ead a valuable article on gapee and gape worms, writ ten by the French naturellst Megnln. He asserts that the uae of pounded gar lic with the usual food has been made to completely eradicate the diaeaae among pheasants ti Europe. He recommends the um of one garlic bulb to ten pheaxaute eacl day, and the meme proportion woe'. In all proba bility be sufficient In common chicken. He Supplements this treatment with special care In the mat ter of drinking water, using only pure water end changing It several times a day. \ 1 t greatest He duction nele," en some Qoethe, la of i en little • cam of tbs l*««liry Hrtfifa. ; ; Without doubt food flavors eggs, but the general market has never found It out. With the market a fresh sag is a fresh egg and Its freshness is iti only standard of relative value. Yet the egg from good wholesome food la j far superior to the egg made ot ail j kinds of swill. When the public j . awake* to thla fact there will be an , , vefu , nl lbe quallty of w 1 1 , The enthusiastic poultryman has It j , (|| ^ poMf (0 ^ a alraln 0 , ! »gg.producers j„ almost any breed, i of ^ br( , e<3 , tbat tmt rtpuUUon for e „ production, such (| |h# Ufhon>a Hamburgs and Ml-; Dorr;ta hav , DeTfr be ,' n u popular wt|b y,, graat mut of farmers baY# lba Plymouth Rocks. Wyandotte3 aD(J , Jrahmaa ln y,,.«, )atler breeds • and not before that time. a-e -tow iocni sttalaa of egg producers that are almost the equals of some of . i the distinctively egg-pi during breeds > ! But this has been brought about only : j by exp«:Irren txtors, and with poultry ! the develt pment of airains Is slow and ; rather difficult, owing to the fast that ! t( j, *msl! buxine'» recording the work eI individual ben for a year or A pvaetlesl poultry keeper says of : the Toulouse geese that they need Ut f# waier except for drinking. As for- ; a*< ra they arc excellent and make a gw'd lDlng in the .«heat «Uibbte. Some spring, *• Hti-y feed very*close and pull I» UP many of the sulk, of gras, by the «* root». This < t course la detrimental ! but to lb« pasture that cannot «parc any »talk* of gras* There is a difference of opinion as to whether or not cattle j ! will graze in pastures that have been J fed over by geese. The opinion pro- ; j v»U* to »0™« estent but some poultry j aasert there 1» nothing In It, as I a p two. men they have grated g ew and cattle to for a dozen of years. There •"» '«* Urm*r* that keep enough *«•»* te Injure a P "tore In this way «« "the «Ule do rsUe an objec »on Toulou»e geese will m.ke us. of swampy and waste land that is of no täIuo for anrthing eue. ' j : New Tort natter-Maalaf. A communication from the Geneva ; Experiment Station says: Butter making I» again coming Into j 1 great prominence ax an Industry in the ; | dairy section» of New York, Improved i : method* and Increased cleanliness In 1 m ilk handling, cream ripening and 1 churning are making the product of I some of our creameries of high quality and great uniformity; but we still fall reach the standard set by Denmark. Occasional butter faulta will crop out In high grade butter factories and the product of the state as a whole ia far from uniform. in ' to :■ j for this difference bs New York and Denmark lies ia One reason tween the fact that the Danes make great ua# of the pasteurizer In thsir butter mak ing. New York very little use. This Is per lisp* due to tiio fact that early trials of the continuous pasteurising machines In America wer# not favor able to their use. » 1 At made at Geneva ln 1899, to Indicate that the Experiment» however, seem fault did not He In the machines, but In the low temperature used In mani pulating them; for at Geneva, using temperatures of 176 degrees F. and 186 degrees F.. tbe germ-«le«troylng of the machine was most excel The numbers of bacteria present reduced from hundreds of tbou mliliona to two or three most, usually to much Butter made from on of of of power lent were sands or even hundreds at smaller numbers. milk heated momentarily to theae high temperatures had very little cooked flavor; and If bandied rightly, none at Further experiments In making from pasteurised milk are to be oc the all. butter made. s me the for so Wyandotte* are the product number of crosses, the most Im havlng been the Buff the Silver Spangled They were little known 1870, and were at first Another Silver of a L portant cross Cochins with Hamburg*, previous to called Bebrlgbt Cochins, cross was subsequsntly Silver-Spangled Hamburgs with the Dark Brahma, and the wore amalgamated, having been llM modified slightly by the addition of some Breda blood. It toas not OH 18(1 that th# Silver Wyandotte» were ofllelally recognised m n oreea. ts »11 t ?♦♦♦♦»♦•»* r m'è eTHTHTWnn \ Ysung German 1 Pact Gerhardt Hauptmann Winning World* Wide Fame~ t f Qerhsrdt Hauptmann is among the greatest of dramatic poets of the lime. has been made known and much discussed in this country by the pro duction of bis plays, notably "llan "The Weavers" and "The Bunk Bell." He baa been accepted by people as the successor of Qoethe, In Ueimany. But even If that too much, there can be no question his remarkable power. He has writ tum« flfty plays and published a volume of sketches. The first on the the his 2? I » k. pleee whlch ma<}# hlm f 1Œ ous in Ger wag •• Before Sun. lie." but the j worb( men y onw j ar(1 tb e only onea wh)ch hftVe made hfm fan; lll*r to us thla country. He has been a cusrd "•'*« founded hims,lf on lb en. but that charge ia quite easily dis proved by hi« work, which ha». e*pe dally In "Hannele" and "The Sunken Bell." a brilliant quality of poetic Im agination, mystic and symbolical. Sometimes he goes too fur b yond the general Intelligence to win universal p precla<ion. but his po try tikes a high Bight and carries Hae'.f with great « . , *. GERHARDT dramatic power. Hauptmann was bom In a small SUestan watering place, Obeistlzbrunn. if:- * * * * * *:•: * •;!: O •» * & * # 0 %&%%%& m m Young College President j ; ^ i ^ 1 Wt cautious, adminis Prof. John Henry McCracken only 1» the youngest college president in the world, but also Is one of the most learned scientists ln the United not II * PROF. MVRACKEN. He Is at the head of West University, Fulton, Mo., States, minster whore already he Is winning laurels monks live well. Muuurt« Ar« of Chinan laaiote* Of monaaterles and lumaserlea In Pekin the number le eudleas. The lamas and bontés who dwell therein din be counted by the thousands. They mostly Thibetans and Mongoltana. supposed to be studying Buddhism un der the direction of an authenticated lineal descendant of Buddha hfmaelf. Indeed, ln one particular monastery three lineal descendante are to be seen for a consideration, garded as semigods and treated as nach. Of the tares so fnvor«d, fed and Battered on» is n youngster of some 12 years, a bright, lively Mongolian Trooted oa Uotetsoda. sr© They are re on November IS, 1862. His father was the proprietor of the chief hotel, and had a family of four children, one daughter end three sous. He first dis played talent as a sculptor, and hs. went to Breslau to study, but ha did not learn or develop, and ao hs left the Kuntschule. He had completed his first drama in the meantime, "Inge borg," founded on the Swedish poe* Tegner's "Frlthjofraga." IV was at attempt to glorify Germanic mythol ogy, but Hauptmann did not follow u| i : j ; ; 1 ] i 1 i j 7 / É k. K j went to Jena In 1882, and later started from Hamburg on a tour to Spain and the Mediterranean. He was taken ill with fever^ when he returned and was nursed back to health by Marie Thienemann, whom he married In J88L After another acuraion through Europe gradually he became one of the principal figures ln the literary set of Germany, and hia powers began to de velop until he won his first widespread uknowledgmeut, which has been in creasing steadily, until hts name is known now all over the world. He has a still greater future, for he la not yet at the full development of his pow ers. HAUPTMANN. his intention to any completion. Ht for progressive, yet tration ot his collegiate charge. A boat • Popular r«nl|a«a The dooryard flower gardena are dot ted with popples ot all kinds, from the little single red fellows to onea that look almost like the big white-headed double chryaanthemuma. the poppy Is quite a favorite ln this country, none ot the family is native to the soli. All of our poppies came from the old world. In England, Scot land and Italy the graceful scarlet poppy blossoms in the wheatflelds and grows wild In waste place». Among the ruins of ancient Rome thla bril liant flower blooms luxuriantly. It la very hardy, and, though an annual, scatters Its seed so well that they come up from year to year in gardens where they have once been planted. Although Ftnml far Barnlng Rat. Justice Dooley of Chicago has decid ed that "the rat is an animal." and has fined Jamee Fouilla tor burning ona. boy, fully alive to hie own Importance, high dignity and destiny, yst not averse to the filling of his baggy little pocketa with the dollars of such "for eign devils" as afford him the oppor tunity of so doing. The lamas and bonses are a greasy, grimy, dlrt-ln crusted lot The denasr the dirt tha greater the reputation for sanctity and cloae spiritual affinity with' Buddha. Their whole time seems to be passed ln sating, extracting dollars from strangers and sleeping.—Pall Mall Oa ■ette. One-half the world may not know how the other halt lives—but it has suspicions. the np on AN ENEMY TO NOISE. LONDON'S WAR AOAINST DIS CORDANT SOUNDS. Stress HaelrteiM end Feddler* br Art She ■asUy-anrrtys. (London Letter.) London has a persistent enemy to street musicians in the person of J. A. b Jacoby, M. P, who for nine years has been insistently trying to have an an 4-nolse bill passed by the houM for the felief of urban dwellers. Especially he I would have thd street musician sup pressed, and to this end would em power property owners, lodgers, or tenants of any property to move the performer at least 800 yards from the scene of his objectionable music mak ing. If the performer will not move on request he may be fined 40 shillings or sentence him to 14 days' imprison ment, with or without the exaction of bard labor. Cats, dogs, chickens, costermongers, nor dairymen have the terrors for Mr. i Jacoby, M. P., that one hurdy-gurdy : has grinding out the staccato notes of j "The Old Kent Road." Especially he ; deplores the fact of children in the street lifting their skirts and tripping to the music that has attracted them. London, says Mr. Jacoby, has been ; be dumping ground of Knrnp* for 1 street musicians. He points that Par ] la, Berlin, Rome, Madrid, Vienna and I i St Petersburg all have imposed strict j 1 discipline upon these itinerants, while London, leaving them to their wills, > has been inviting an influx of them to that city. ! i "In the main they are idle rogues." j j asserts Mr. Jacoby, "persons who may i have escaped the laws or conscriptions ' ; of other countries to make a living off j the nervous systems of others. They j harrass people of brains, making brain ! work almost Impossible; they wake j babies, disturb the sick, and torture 1 whole neighborhoods. We are a qulet ! er people than most continentals, but 1 why Is It that we don't enforce that ] j quiet? I "If I could have had my way the ! thlng would have been regulated long i ago. I have been working at my bill But it Is a prl ; for nine years or more. I vate member's bill, and ln the house j of commons these are nowhere when *ee**4***444**dd******* ♦♦*♦«*♦* « 4 4 MAY YET GO FREE 4 4 4 4 **444*4*4M*4«4*«4**** **j^**_**_fi from In view of the recent decision of the be California supreme court granting a new trial to Albert Hoff, convicted of murder in San Francisco, the friends of Mrs Cordelia Botkin, now serving a life sentence for poisoning Mrs John T. Dunning, are hopeful of securing for her another chance of proving her George A- Knight, attor San Francisco Letter. fairs, by be innocence, ney for Mrs. Botkin, Is of the opinion that in her case a new trial must now be granted. He said: "Inasmuch as practically the tame charge was delivered to the Jury, I do not see how It will be possible to refuse it. The Judge ln both cases, ln delivering the charge to the Jury, aa to rice he may is of his is Is an ed dig by £ I TO / 4 / 1/ A lx hr of to mil MRS. CORDELIA BOTKIN, sumed an argumentative stand, and that is unconstitutional. "Again, Mrs. Botkin's case should . have been heard ln this state. It ' never did not come within the Jurisdiction of the court here, but the people wanted something sensational, and they got Reconvlctlon In Mrs. Botkin's case ] All will be difficult, as the chief witnesses j the first trial had to be brought ' it." on Rooks Like Pawn Sbopo. Ohio News has been received ln Chicago banking circles that the banks ln Kashing, China, have begun to call in loans in expectation of serious trou ble. Kashlng is a big manufacturing twelve miles from Shanghai. tewn These steps will not affect foreign business. Banks there are little more than pawnshops. They «re small and have a meager capital. They lasne a little circulation, which is not surrent throughout the town, but only ta cer tain sections. For that reason their boslnes is restricted and affected by Interior troubles rather tana by for the government teilst» ta mllevkv np ail tha time (or Its own rntmeut More than fifty members are with me, and their constituencies are behind them trying to force the matter through. The Cambridge town coun cillors, even, have been no disturbed that they have bad to move musicians on from under the windows. "It la not enough that '-he Lon d on eoohty council, however, ahouid deal with this question. The regulation of itinerant musicians in London would only drive them to other cities, where they would eecap stricture». The taw should be a general measure, applies b le to Q rMt Britain as n whole." ten only to musicians, however, was that he felt to load it with other notse I preventing clauses would be to kill tL "jf a member wishes bis measure to paM be mus t keep nil contentions ssat The reason that Mr. Jacoby's Mil m a f. V I j ter out of it," says Mr. Jacoby. *T > would have preferred a more sweeping bill, but I knew It could not pass, ! When an opening ix made, however, I j hope that other similar measures may i be able to go through. One of these ' days the unnecessary civilized world will be under ban." ] 34,484. Stockholm is the city with tas I greatest Increase. Its population is ! now 302.462—an increase of 6,673. Liv , ing in Sweden s cities are 1,085,896 peo j pie, while on the farms and estates ars j 4.011,406. The sexes are divided as fol Men. 2,486,44 i; women, 2,610, ■•j J. A. JACOBY. M. P. noises of tbs Population of Swedaa. The census just completed in 8we den shows a population on Jan. L 1800, of 5097,402, an increase for 1899 of lows: \ 955. from Delaware, and it is said cannot be Induced to come west again. Mrs. Botkin is elated at the new turn of af fairs, and is quite confident of a fa vorable decision by the supreme court. "When the new trial is granted me by that tribunal," she said, "it won't be long before I will walk out of the courtroom a free woman." CONDUCT MARKS. Baddhtet Good and Bad Beorai Cr i dH il According to Action*. A French traveler who has bean studying the natives In Tonkin writes to a geographical magasine that many Buddhists give considerable time to keeping account of the merits and de merits credited to them according to their conduct. If a man. for exampla, loans an umbrella, picks up a grain ot rice or frees a bird from imprisonment, he is entitled to one merit If hs gives a coffin to a bereaved family, hs may add thirty merits to his list It is not so meritorious to pay the debts of one's father, but he who renders this filial service may count ten merits to his credit. It Is worth flfty merits to save a child's life; but there are two other specially good works each of which enUtles the person performing them to 100 of these good marks. One is to publish a good book and the other Is to marry, after one has become rid», an unattracUve girl, whom he had promised to wed before he had acquir ed wealth. One of the minor sins Is to dig an Insect out of its snug rest in winter. This unkindness is punished by one demerit. It is not at ail neat to blot a book, and this carelessness I» punishable with five demerits. The same penalty attaches to the offense It is Just as wicked of drunkenness, to eat beef or dog meat aa to kill a child, and 100 demerits are recorded la each case. For the crime of loving a wife better than one's parents 100 de merits also are Imposed. But there ia one offense that Beems to be heinous beyond expression, and that Is to pub lish a bad book: If the book la very . ' bad the number of demerits imposed may be infinite in number. Elephants have only eight teeth— two below and two above on each aids. ] All an elephant's baby teeth fail out j when the animal Is about 14 years Old, ' and a new set grows. elgn disturbances. Cblnn has na bank ing system, and any one with a Uttlo money can open and run a bank. Trolley System Injure* Tree». Overhead trolley system not only damages underground pipes, but it also injures trees touches a branch it rapidly decays nnd the tree eventually -lies. Serious com plaints of this nmtmre are mads at Bay Ridge, N. Y. Wherever a cable Soft crabs are exceptionally sears* tala year on the Atlantic coast a