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THE BLACKFOOT NEWS.
geles. Cal., a distance of about 850 miles. Work on the new line is to be »LACKFOOT, IDAHO. Tne Trr-Stats Medical association or Tannesse«, Alabama and Georgia, at Its recent session In Chattanooga took •tepe to secure medical legislation In these states for the purpose of regulat ing or prohibiting the marriage of habitual criminals, persons afflicted with incurable disease, drunkards and victims of harmful drugs. In discussing the Transvaal flag, which has been so much in evidence In Paris, the Gaulois says It is formed of four colors—green, blue, white, and red, each of them recalling the four little independent states which, be fore 1860, formed the Transvaal, viz., the Republics of Lvdenburg, Utrecht. Zoutspansberg and Pothefstroom. The Montana multi-millionaire, W. A. Clark, has formed a company, of which he is president, to build a rail road from Salt Lake City to Los An It will run through a gin at once, region In southwestern Utah which Is said to be rich in coal aud iron de posits. A Spaniard of distinction, both as an ! author and a 3 a public man. has started Is said to be de a periodical whli signed to counteract what he regards as the eccentriciti and conceit of the ' "young school." The editor himself has passed his seventieth birthday. No one will be perm'tt ' ta be a contributor 1 who Is under fifty-five years of age. It will be an interesting experiment. Let not youthf'd critics be too sure that the products of middle age cannot be "up to date." Prof. O. F. Cook of Washington re ports the surprising discovery of cam phor as an animal secretion. The ani mal concerned is a myriapod, resemb ling a worm, or small slug, and seien tlflcallv known as Polyzonium rosal bum. It lives In the humus of moist, undisturbed forests. When handled it gives off a very distinct odor cf cam phor, and ejects a milky fluid which possesses the smell, flavor and caste of ordinary camphor. Prof. Cook thinks the camphor Is secreted lnstend of the prussic or hydrocyanic acid found in other myriapods as a means of defense. The commission which has had charge of the enlargement and recon struction of the Massachusetts stat; house has invited three American art ists to decorate the walls of th mem orial hall. The decorations will take the fQrm of mural paintings, and the ( subjects already chosen are rich îl inspiration. They include "The Land ing of the Pilgrims," "Eliot Preaching to the Indians," and "TYe Concord Fight." No state can sum.?' >m her past nobler scenes than these, but every state has passages in her history worthy to be thus commemorated, and pictures of historic events are a eon stant and Immeasurable Incentive tc deeds like those which they perpetuate Bit er. a Methodist minister, saw in a vision a mighty church built for the masses In a large city. Since that thne \t has been the object of his life to ouild that temple. He discovered no means, however, with which to build the structufe until a year ago last August, when he met A. J. Wharton, a rich mine owner of Colorado. To him Mr. Bltler unfolded his plan, which met with such favor In the eyes ot the mine owner that he decided to (give his aid to the work. He presented to Bltler one hundred acres of mining j land, and a telegram the other day announced a rich strike on the land About ten years ago the Rev. J. S. worth *1,000.000. Mr. Bltler says that be will build a church In Chicago to be called the Good Will Temple. If the mosquito has any friends | Among mankind, they may rejoice In the assurance given by Dr. L. O. How ard of the Department of Agriculture, that this cosmopolitan pest does not necessarily perish with the oncoming of winter. On the contrary, mosqui %oes bave been observed in the latitude of Washington to hibernate, adult specimens living from November until the succeeding April or May with ail their powers of torment unimpaired, although their activity Is suspended In winter. The mosquito needs but little food, and it Is the female that thirsts for blood, the males coi.w nting themselves with water and vegetable fluids. Doctor Howard ascribes the fact that mosquitoes are often found upon dry prairies, many miles from water, to the longevity of the adults of certain species, which enables them to survive seasons of drought. Rail roads have been responsible for the transportation of mosquitoes into gions where they were previously rare. Their power of flight is not great, and It is believed that they are not dis tributed far through the agency of winds. re The Medical society of Paris has ex pressed the opinion that It is necessa«^ to adopt measures against the alarflh (ng spread of petroleum drinking. At first It was thought that this habit had sprung up from the Increased taxation on alcohol Imposed by the French gov ernment, but an investigation showed that this was not the case; the habit Rad been prevalent some time Tlously In certain districts and had •pread with great rapidity. The vie Urn of the petroleum habit does not become brutal, only morose. pre [T! ntbe - , . "Xr«r i;T 7 ,„c r, Oreal Britain. Taking the leadlus or tanisations alone, the Church Mis slonary society. Society for the Props DUion of the Gospel. London Mission ary society. Baptist society. Colonial and Continental Church society, Church of England Zenana society and Universities Central African Mia sion, it fluds that they have raised *205.000,000 and sent 8,000 worker! into the field. There are also thirty smaller societies enjoying the adminis tration of *2.500,000 at the present time. It says: "The total amount ef funds raised for foreign mission! , wsrk in Great Britain during the cen- | tury Is *255.000,000. If we add this te ! the amounts already noticed In olhet I young people and children—we get thi I astounding total of *590,000.000 raised ! In the space of one hundred years, oi j «I «» 1 to the total of last year s revenu« ! in p reat J he «uiver's esti mates wouid have been complete and ! more satisfactory if it had been giveD : some approximate estimate of the re j suits which have been accomplished by ! this Immense financial outlay. j branches of work viz.: *75 000.000 foi property. *260,000.000 for work among i ! Tenants A.nti-FHnaper Fund. Haul Brown, Louis branch of the Continental company and a director of the Mercan tile Trust company of St. Louis, has u-auager of the St. branch of the Continental ! Tobacco ' 1 : s I s ¥ %*■ ■AgdH Kr W? I Rj H I I H H pi I-a f*t, I • * \ «■ -A X 4 % t sÆ as PAUL BROWN. come forward with a suggestion that wealthy men of this country contribute to a permanent fund to be used in securing the arrest and capture of kid napers. Mr. Brown's Idea is to pro- • ( vide rewards to officers of the law and \ others who effect the capture of a kid naper. states and territories where the statutes do not provide for their punishment. He expresses himself as being willing to Mr. Brown also suggests that the money could be used to obtain leg Islation against kidnapers in contribute liberally to such a fund and believes * 100.000 could easily be raised, -—— A European Customs Vmon. Paul Leroy Beaulieu, a French econ omist who enjoys a high reputation, especially as a writer on mon t iry questions, is one of those who think it desirable for European countries to form an economic federation to the commercial development United States. In a letter to the VI enna Tageblatt Mr. Beaulieu declares that this country "I 3 on the point of becoming by far the most Important economic factor In the world, henceforth be regarded as the first lo dustrlal nation, and its superiority will become more strikingly evident j by year." meet of the 1 ■ I It may year Indianapolis Sensation. Here is a portra.t of William H. Smythe of Indianapolis, the mysterious shooting of whom in his office last week, has caused widespread Interest | Mr. Smythe was secretary of the state mmm WÊmé' 'V* ' >i I i ,f rA v . LI yk ( t M m m m * . i t WILLIAM H. SMYTHE. grand lodge of Masons, that a strange woman did the shoot ing. He claimed Musi Pay Doctor's Dills. Two of the physicians who attended Mr. Goebel in his last sickness and the lawyers who represented him In bis contest before the legislature going to sue his brothers for fees. The brothers, Arthur and Justus Goebel, thought from the great sympathy ex pressed for their brother in Kentucky when he was killed that there would be no charges for medical attention. They state this and seem surprised that they should now be called oa to PAY I are « SAYINGS find DOINGS Professor Flammarion does not be i 1 "' <■» t* "■* - 1 *"- «*» 27*7* ™i!.î" l .L b ' ! W / U ': B®?"" 1 * ™ U8 . P ° l " t8 ° bKOrved b * r '' otp * 50T he 8ayS ; ar , e due '° fcanll8ht ° n , the cloudB of th « » "®'?. hb ° r , ln 8pfu '?' **, 8 at a 800d "'"7 to attract the attentlon °f ^ Martians would be to arran * e ''irtts at Bordeaux, Mar •* 11,e8 ' Strasburg. Parts, Amsterdam, [-openhagen and Stockholm, J l8bt8 would reproduce an outline of uminous points the same In arrange ment 88 that Presen ted by the stars Porting the constellation of the Great , Bear, or Big Dipper, in the northern | 8ty - The Martians seeing this might ! ™Vona with another such figure, and I rt®s communication would be set up between the intelligent being in the two planets. Professor Flammarion is I th ® most enthusiastic of the astrono ! mer8 who »re interested in Mars. He are Klamm .on sug These firmly tellevc3 that the planet Is tn !© ! I Wh .; X. I I PROFESSOR GLAM MARION, habited by creatures superior to men, and his writings in the subject are full of thrilling Interest. Tht Embexsltmanlj in 1900. Although the embezzlements of 1900 show a decided Increase over those of 1899, it Is to be considered that the total of last year was the smallest in 23 years. The figures for 1900 are U, 602,134, as compared with *2.218.373 in 1890, an increase of 12.383,781. Large as this sum appears. It is far below the average of the last 23 years, which Is *7,339.806. The losses for the year are distribut ed as follows: Stolen by public officials, *1.183,678; from bank*. *1.857.761; by agents, *271,873: forgeries, *150,900; from Ioan associations, *125.100; hr postoffice employes. *24,427; mtscella neous stealing». $982,390. Bank em • ployes have the unenviable reputation \ of heading the black list,and more than three-fourths of the bank total was taken by six employes, In Newport (Ky.), Fort Worth (Tex.), Elizabeth port (N. J.), Buffalo (N. Y.), Rutland (Vt.), and New York city banks, un . der conditions which would not bave existed had the embezzlers been under There Is nothing discouraging in the ; Increase for the year, however, as it Is : still far below the average. The com ■ paratively small sums embezzled are : an evidence of the general prosperity j of the country. In 1883-84 the totals 1 proper surveillance and the banks been conducted upon safe business meth ' ods. were *26,504,000 and in 1883-94 *35. : 263,714, and these were hard times years. Premier of A ustralfa, Edmund Barton, the statesman who has accepted the work of organizing the first federal government of Austrm lia, was the leader of the movement which resulted in the federal conven tion. He has been long a prominent man in Australian politics. He Is a 1 native of Sydney,51 I years old, and for many years has been an able law ^S yer in New South Wales. Among the men who early ad- Edmund Barton, vocated the neces sity of federation of the Australian I colonies, Mr. Barton was conspicuous. i He has been not unjustly styled th« father of the new commonwealth. The Arts "Railroad Policy. The total railway mileage of th« United States is 190,00f> miles. Of that over 45,080 miles is owned by road« whose policy is controlled at this time by J. Pierpont Morgan by virtue of his own holdings and the confidence reposed In him by English bondholders and by certain Americans who are large holders of railway securities. Mr. E. H. Harrlman and his associate« control railroad systems, chiefly west of the Mississippi, which bave a mile age of over 24,700 miles. There nr# roads which are not subject to the con trol of either of these railway kings, but whose managers approve of their policy. The Pennsylvania and Santa Fe are the more Important of these outside roads. A Capital Find. Congressman Roberts, In conAeetlon with his work as a committeeman, re cently discovered a forgotten room in the capitol back of statuary hall. It was full of old books, and during the war was used as a hospital. An old stove and some split wood were found. Just as they were left over thirty years A soldier's blouse, full of duet and moth eaten, hung en a gas jet The I air was stifling and the lock on the door had almost rusted oft. ago. « (Hilf MD SHEEP II AI H But to 1871 a harder feud That has Waged Incessantly for Several Years. the to Mar of stars Great might and up the is He sug A dispatch, printed in the newsi a- j pern last week, although it attract d little attention, was Important a. Chronicling the renewal of a war which, ' e£hept for a few Intervals, has raged j for the last half dosen years as fierce- . ly as the fighting between the Boers and English in 8 outh Africa, or be- j tween the Boxers and the aides In Chi- i This Is the war of the herders These and punchers, or the sheep and cattle I men of the west. j That a herd of 3.000 sheep were drlv- j •n over a precipice aud nearly all ! killed would seem to people who know little of the contentions between th. tn- cowmen and sheep rslaers, or of life In the west, an act of unparalleled barbarity. However that may be, it was only repetition of similar acts of , 1 I l il -IF ,'T: AH I» « I ! f /! ff Vis'/* ■%i| * '//h _e ! I j 2 1Ï? ; ai I | l j ! "JNïa p m |r mwirw I ■ ;h m a. Is , ' I . 1 3 — — flp— v /x vsrtstm - »* Jc ajrxj***- rsi'd :1 ^*1 njutir-/' *•*> t (Ifw ! j , | ti 1 ! : j , h ! ° n t , hat *; aVe ^ en freqUPnt Nnce thug two classes began to corne Th*°aver**« ^ ran8< ! H ' wonder Whv th P .T ,J k wonder W «tiniild be su. h an, in sLu IV ' ,rf m,n T which h/J .lwlo ,!! * " " T .7 "rree and boundless " 'r mW t ,* man was supposed to hav" 'an" pr:;:::; 7 ; sät .ts there was room for all. In the beginning there wa* plenty of room for all, but there came a time when the settlera cut up the country Into farms and the land available for free pasturage shrunk until there was room only for the strongest. But this wa« not the real cans* of the contentions between sheepmen and cowmen. It arose from the difference between the two classes of live stock. Cattle stick closely to their rangea, and, no matter how they scatter, they can usually be found within able distance from home. reason Sbsep Rain I'o*tui Fields. Sheep, on the other hand, are noma dic and gregarious. They march the country in huge flocks, as *,000 being cared for by one man and a dog. But wherever aheep have eattis will not go. across many as fed the A flock of sheep will clean up a range, eating the gra*» down to the roots, deetroylng the wa tering place« and leaving behind a RABBIT AND CAT. (In Wrtssdatilp F.xiata llstwMs Twa Dmarmr Animal«. Dogs and cate have been known to become fast friends, but for a cat and A rabbit to become Inseparable com panions I« out of the ordinary. R. h. Jones of 130 Archer street has a rab bit and a oat which are boon compan ions. The rabbit belonged to a neigh bor at Jomum. One day It strayed late tbs Jones yard and got acquainted with the eat, says the Denver RepublA is j woolly odor that cattle will not toler ate. The sheep eat alt the underbrush ' and destroy the young trees, and the j thousands of sharp little hoofs pack j . the soli, so destroying its porosity thst the grass will not grow after they ; j have passed. A single dock of sheep , i will thus devastate a strip of laud a half mile tde; 10 flocks following one another iu parallel paths will dtsiroy j an area of grass laud five miles wide j and hundreds of miles long. ! These facts, taken lu connection with the constantly shrinking pasturage, f supply the reasons why the cattle men '*** hate the sheep raisers aud have tried to drive them from the land In their contentious the cattle men have ui- | , ways had the best of the fight, while thp fch,,fl P h,,rd "» »®-m to have the Imst „f the argument , 1 ''"7» of the "free range," when ! lhC *''**" to wh-wrer chose ; u ., KrPal WM " rrn Ptalns country was vlr- j ' ftnd nn ' 1 Pft,,, " rp wu room ! f " r 1 4,, ' H,ln 'lreds of vast herd« of! C * U * rnn ^''' 1 "P and down the land, r;rn; ää », to the northern boundary "f country, and when the Kan to blow, heralding the approach of winter, the herds moved to the south before It. tho "north**™" he Then cam* th* settler, and whll* hn was despised by the "neater," cowmen as a open opposition did not pear until he put barbed •round his place. ap wire fence« A« the „„ , aettlars ftrew In number the fencing off of the range became a fuTions tnenar« to the cowmen. t.ittls Fr«« I«nft loi re. Little by little croached, until ranges left for the tb* settlers en the only now free „„ ^ *Dle »re In West ern Kansas and Nebraska, the weatern portion of Washington parts and Oregon, of Wyoming. Colorad and a flmall portion of Utah and tnn land lennnd from Montana, !h„T.,ii * ~ 1 ,fle Indians In the Indian Territory. The great Texas ranges are owned or leased by the cat tle men, as they are In wes tem »ute«. many of the Ttae admiration became the best minute the rabbit naa not boon an. wa« mutual. They Of friend«, and from th* met the cat It to its own home, more than a ypar thr tWQ haTe b Ind . 2' ,* aUnK ,rr ' m lhp "«"i* fll«h rear Ä"* ' U *'' t '" ,r ln a b(> * «» the I" w The cnt ""1 not P*«y with other cats, but makes penlon only of the rabbit about the yard together the. the cat will climb a tree. «Ogs of the neighborhood *° lu *9 out of the Jones For 'Ml a cora They romp and now and The have learned yard. For But to 1871 a harder took 2 ooo to Montana, which have ine sine# then to something like The sheep then took up claim« ai-I the water courses, leaving - •• men the dry land away streams, which they had from the cattle. '■•»•J* to th« cov from the footed eg Th« loss of the enormous tree is gradually turniug the cattle into farmers, who feed their __ sheds In the winter In the north corn, in the south with cotton : and An making mere farm bends the once free and Independent boys, "MS <*Ulefe *tth out el The vast roaming herd« of cattle «n gone from the western plaine forer« sbd cattle raising has b. ,me i j,. »ale buslue*» of turning g.-aa« ail « ^ free range remains there may be fouad Into meat. However, wherever aay f re ® r »"** remains there may be fused '*** •'xpirutg evidences former glory uf the "cow huilnute." iviaiiaetiy iniT.r»ut y n i,_ The physical aud mental different* between the cowboys and the .beep of tka 1 RANCH AND SHEEP HERMES' CART Î KILLING BEEF FOR CAMP 3 BRANDING CALVES herder* are as great a* thi«* of thelf calling. From the very #*• rri rmpfttiatt ibi? cowboy if • >f hi* wild, frffi Ihrlnr ti He breaks th» aavnge and almost ! untamable p>mte<» tn the saddle as* j tben ride« th-m Hi* work 1* ssrtft and vigormia. and hi* rharg"» are tk# créât, strong, free bulls and C 'W* thst have never known th* touch of Ui* bs man hand. He live* and endures hard ships with others of his kind, and hi* pleasures are as fierce a* bis work. Hi» la the atrenunua life. The »h.~p herder, on th. other bud. , Pursue, his solitary occupation »foot ! Ms only companions b*l 'he thousand, of stupid sheep, wblck have no Indivldunllfr. and are B*d j denlngly. monotonmudy «like, ! »-ry loneliness of hi. occupation bu of! mad* lb* herdmr either a moros« and »ullen brut* or a poetic dreamer, with "* ***• *.. dog and ng a Tbe Sow Ibtog Arm orte« Kitte«. The w«wt still ring« with the »tori*« of the conflicts between the cow m»n and the sheep raisers. When Ute Hoch» began to grow In the west th* cow men fought tho herders as Individuals Their resentment was at first merely personal. Whenevsr a cowboy found s flock et sheep on th* range hs stood off and with his rifle pickod off sheep ttUt sheep until he bad exhausted ht» »*■ munition. When he could »hoot M more hn rode off, greatly pleased 1 ° think that he had left behind a badly •caret! shepherd and had caused » I 0 to th* sheep owner. If th* harder allowed fight he. too, was killed. A clever cowboy discovered a «"t* method of scattering a flock of »h«*P and making It move on. He gathered up a few hundred head of wild «teer*, and with bla companion» drove th*® P«1I mell through a flock. Thle men*"* ver was usually so successful thst H became n favorite source of amusement for the "punchers." one to com« Into tbe yard and «F Proach the rabbit le canine suicide. TM riH bristle« up at once end mskee K Interesting for the Intruder thst W 1 « always glad to scale the f«"°* **" C*t in the street Re« AH Dee«. Joe Mulhfttton may be Incapacitated for work, but ho has eome very*** imitators growing up in the soutHY*®" •rn country, whence so many weird stories come.—Minneapolis TH* teens.