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Idaho news. (Blackfoot, Idaho) 1887-1891, February 07, 1891, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88056018/1891-02-07/ed-1/seq-6/

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Thb problem of electric lighting is
now so near a satisfactory solution
thet the other »nd creator m-nhlem of
. . , , . s . . , !
electrical propulsion is engagtug the ,
earnest efforts of experimenters and !
inventors, aud the task is so fascinât- |
ing, in the new achievements it con- j
stautly brings forth, and the promises !
it hold, out that they do not hesitate
I ... l
to dec are. not on y that it will be sue
cessful, but that it will yield a meas
ure of success far surpassing general
.. ..
Medical students in London are
compelled to go through a course of
four years'study, hospital attendance
and lectures before beim- oualiBed to
rj! » ,i q k
appear for final examtnatton By an
order of the general medical council
of England the term of preparation has
been extended to five years. American
doctors, however, can run up a mono
mental bill against a patient with
.... , , ,, .
equal facility, and many of them get
diploma« without ever seeing a hospital
or hearing a dozen lectures.
It is good to have the courage to
welcome a uevv order or tilings; to dis
cern the gladness and tbe glory of now
possibilities; to welcome the angels
ship canal across New Jersey from
MIItVI.tN JOIES, Puklfik.r,
that stand about the throne of life -
honor, generosity and sympithy.
There is a project to construct a
the Delaware river to the Atlantic.
The scheme was first suggested by
merchants of Philadelphia, wtto desire I
a shorter water route to New York
...... , . . . ,
hundreds of miles down the b ,y and
around Cape May to strike the ocean
paths to Europe.
and an abbreviation of the journey ol
We could say something pleasant to
every one if we did not set ourselves
up for such critics and keep our eyes
blinded to the best in human nature
and look only for the worst. The
most lovable woman in the world is
the one who always finds something to
admire in her associates and never
hesitates to speak of it to others, and
in a quiet way suggests her admira
tion to the recipient, even if it verge
on flattery. Wholesale Hatte ry is
more refined than brutal honesty.
There is some eccentricity in the
make-up of some people that prompts
them, even from their early years, to
prefer unwholesome food and habits
to those that are healthy. At meals,
they will risk, not of malice prepense,
but instinctively and unconsciously,
those dishes that they would better
leave untouched; and they will show a
perverse talent for sleeping when
they should wake, waking when they
■hould sleep, exerting themselves
when they should repose, and remain
ing indolent when they should be
active. _ ■
The idea of a permanent census
bureau is proposed, and it has been
indorsed by such able statisticians
Francis A. Walker aud Carroll D.
Wright The country has lately been
convinced that a census system which
will preclude the possibility of such
blunders and frauds as have charac
terized the recent census is an impera
tive necessity. But whether a perma
nent census bureau is the best remedy
of such evils may be doubted. Such a
proposition might be only the means
of perpetuating the ills of the present
bureau. _
When there is a sweeping change in
congress the lobbyists invest Washing
ton in full force. The new men, who
know little or nothing of the matters
that are to come before then., are fine
material for the lobbyist, who is well
posted on the interests he is there to
further, a fine entertainer, a pleasant
companion, and it is not to be won
dered at that the inexperienced
ber gets biased in his opinions, though
he imagines himself proof against out
side influences. No way of abolishing
the lobby has yet been discovered, and
it is doubtful if U ever will be
pressed. Those who have private in
terests at stake will continue to
all means within their power to for
ward them._
One of tbe ways of stimulating in
vention which is well worthy of trial
i* offering standing rewards for those
who at any time make discoveries of
great advantage td human progress.
Our patent laws do this indirectly by
giving to the inventor exclusive
trol of his discoveries for a term of
years. But these laws do not always
protect'those who ;most need protec
tion. and are often used for the term
of the patent in the most oppressive
manner. It is a common trick of
patentees to make no complaints when
their inventions are made and sold by
outsiders, but to prosecute vigorously
those in whose hands their inventions
are afterwards found. In this
thousand, of dollars were extorted
from farmers for driven-well patents,
until the highest courts decided that
this patent was Invalid. Laws should
be made protectln r those v ho inno
cently use patented Idea*. «» articles
containing these are sold to them. It
jvoulil also probably be well to at
least try to purchase some of the more
valuable putenls from their inventors
for n round sum, for tho purpose of
making a present of them to the
publia for the public good.
w ,y
ointed out
The boat slowed iu the clear, green j
waters amid tho cool shadows of the |
long points of fir and pine. Tim sound !
of a church bell broke upon the still
air. The great dome of Mount Ta- j
coma was changing from gold into j
! piuk and violet; the shadows in the
, watB[ . were deepening, and the new \
! citv oI Tacoma was eloso at hand.
| "The oldest church tower in the
j United States." The storv haunted j
! me even amid the confusion of land
ing. and as soon as I had taken supper
1 made inquiries about the means of
conv vam £ to old Tacoma.
The'wav was simple and etwy-a
ten-minutes' ride on a street-car. I
was soon there, and it was vet light.
for the twilight fades very'slowlv in
these northern regions. I "have seen
the Salvation army at Seattle singing
from their hvnan-books on the open
plateau at 8 o clock in the evening bv
daylight, and there is still light in the
8UalI f er evenings at Tacoma until
nluch i ater .
ft was easy to find the little ctarch
with the pine-tree tower, and I was
soon admiring its beautiful ivies.
It is a simple Episcopal chapel, with
. the trunk of a giant hr tree or "pine"
for a bell-tower. The sexton was just
dosing the little door.
-How old do you suppose the tower
to be?" I asked, appearing upon the
rude step.
•Old?" Some say 500 years; some
say more. It was probably a great
tree before America was discovered.
Ask Mr. A—, the lumber dealer: he
ëëureh e wÂu U, in a'country
ëoSTike to sëëthe ëviL inside'"" ^
^ »-The' ivt«« inaidtso 8 \i,.
The ivies inside? My curiosity
was again excited. I accepted his in
vitatioo. \\ e entered the little church,
whose lamps he quickly lighted.
The chapel was rude, tut I never
saw a more beautiful altar, exceptât
Christmas. The chancel was filled
with living ivv, which had grown into
it through the seams of b the rou _ h
boards. The church was always
trimmed with ivy. How simple and
beautiful it was!
I met friends in Tacoma and ex
pressed mv delight at the poetic beanty
of the old' Tacoma church. I was in
troduced to Mr. A-. a wealthy lum
ber dealer, who mar be said to have
built the church. '
The Puget sound steamer was near
life o innen ce meiu' ha^Cfs*"^
youth's Companion. The long twilight
,| lt , „„m, was fading: the Puget !
sea was quivering with light; ami over
it ultag Mount lacouut or Rainer.
more t.ian 1-1.000 feet high, like a tent
pf eiotli of gold, its glaciers mingled
with sunset tire.
• Yonder, in Old Tacoma." said a j
young man on the deck of the steamer, j
..; s ( lle oldest ehnreh tower in the
L Is th« Trunk of i% Ulitnt Fir Tre« on
l'ue«l Somit!«
United States. It is tho trunk of au
amieut pine."
Following the direction
by the young man's hand
a cross, a bell, ami a dark, leauing j
. , tower, to which a curious ladder led
(rol|| the roof ol a sma „ church,
discerned !
built the church. '
"I caused tha great pine to ba
sawed off,'" he said, "and the bell j
and cross were placed upon it. It was
the year when the surveys of the North- .
ern Pacific railroad were completed. I
As soon as it was known that Tacoma
was to be the terminus people came
hurrying here, and pitched their tents,
and bijjlt their cabins among the great
trees on the hills. With them came the
bishop and we agreed that these peo
pie should at once have a place in
which to worship. We began the :
church on Tuesday and held service in 1
it on the next Sunday." [
The region about the city of Tacoma :
is full of giant pines, some of them 1
200 feet high. This tree was evidently
the monarch of the primeval forest, ft |
rose over the inland sea and was fanned I
by the soft winds of the Kuro Siwo, or !
Japanese current, before Columbus j
sailed into tbe west. |
Thousands of Americans will wish j
to sav to the bishop of the state of I
Washington- "Spare forever that !
pine-tree tower." This tree stands j
for national sentiment, for primitive j
religious principle. It is a sacred tree, j
Long mav its slender cross lie lighted |
by the sunset reflection of Mount Ta
coma, and its bell be heard in tbe !
resplendent twilight of that placid
Mediterranean of the western world. 1
Economy In Bnyfnf- Shoe». j
. . . , ... , 1
It is tn the purchase that judgment
must be displayed, ns well as at later
stages of tbe life of the shoe. A sen«- j
ble person naturally wants a sensible
shoe; but on entering a shoe store he
finds himself confronted bv shoes run
nmg all the way from say *1 or less to
112 or $lo. lhe purchaser, whether
man or woman (for the interests of
the sexes are identical), will tie wise
not to buy from either end of the list,
It is very often a temptation, espe
cialiy for a poor womau desiring to
obtain shoes for her child, for instance,
or needing something -'just to wear
around the house" at her work, to feel
tbat some of the cheapest which are !
offered will -do just as well" for that i
service. They look almost as well as
those which cost twice as much; the i
difference in price is a matter of im
portance to her. Just here she should
pause to consider that the cost of any j
article Is measured, not by the abstract
sum. but by what it represents of value |
or service. Here is a pair of shoes, for !
Instance, which cost but $1.50, and
they look pretty well. There is a pair
which costs $3.25, and they do not look
much better at a casual glance. She
stands at a little distance and looks
at them. That 117 per cent, difference
in price affects her vision. - I don't
suppose these will last quite so long."
she half admits; -but I don't think
any one would notice the difference,"
Perhaps not nt the moment; but if the
good womau will look more closely
herself, guided by the skill of wr. ex
pert. she will see that the flnisli of the
cheaper shoes is artificial; that the
texture of the leather is coarse; that it ;
is roughly put together Gy indifferent
machinery; that the leather, iustcad of
being thin, firm of grain, yet »oft,
promising long wear and an easy fit, 1
is really a heavy leather, split, dressed !
aud polished, to take the place of a I
an ® x t ,, ' llit > on unr,h 10 Abomey. tho
i famous town that has tieeu tiie scene
: of so many terrible cruelties.
; In the battle between the Freuch
: and Dahome.vans last spring it is said
j ' b ®' *2.000 of the natives were killed.
| 1 "e :unaions aud male soliliers of the
! neW . * ,* , . were ilrtveu north
' vara into tlieir forests. Be. azin hoped
j y * toJ*tha"^l»Me^eata!
j . * ,,rces fo r th ® * ,c ™ eM c ®*®'
J ,rat ' n S •>'* accession to the throne and
\ l? memory of the death of bis father.
H ® " dr ' ve " back, however, dis
paced In the eyes of hts people, aud
j J 1 ® considers) it uecessary to make a
in *
^SttfSTw hi,
. "® n , tneieiore. marsn.iieu nis
J. 0 «" of . abm,t . 5 '°°? w ° ,m ' Q and
6.000 male warriors at a distance of
, r f } n,lles * ro,H the coast where, at
.Î accounts, he was collecting pro
vls >ons aud preparing his troops for
another assault upon the trench forces,
" ven 11:1,1 oegun the prépara
' ' , ® stlt '*®."* «Î
'n cir Ç"nimancter amt ptesents to ires
He*»t Carnul; hi# subterfuge, have
"°* ^ce've. the trench, and they
I h » Te solved to make an end of his
"**' an a° iuteu /"J i 0 o„ l " .»ë drv
ëëëëSn*ëeu"in "to ^tri^.tr.iX'fLr '
" 8
■ ... , , ..
The route which explorers have fol
° w , e ' l through the Cerise forests of
'^diTbliTo 0 a til^r'v"force Th'e
'«ctUrion will prëSiblv W^muelkd
! to ascend the wSeme river east of the
; îënT^ëutê in bargës clïëwuTv small
. '« . ( is " ' - v :,i
tet wUbi'n a short diit ince of Um cmu
PJ W ' l "; t a "ill b^aUe to strike Z
at Tts very heart.* 0 Thü'is the
plan of attack .nggetted by Capt. Sep
tans, who was sent north nearly a year
t o ascertain the best route for an
eX oeUitioti ai-aiust the capital of Da
expeinuou a 0 aiusu me capital ox u a
» , » „ 4 , v v
c lheP f ' s ao lloubt - 9a - T , 8 tUe N , ^
tJ ' at this means the complete
nf'S'TP 110 " °f Dahomey by 1 ranee,
A 'f countr y ,s rich, but the kings of
Dahomey have for years been *o con
9ta ' , jr engaged in war. and havo
b . ut r her ® < ? " eold b !". 0<1 8< ? maI ?- v ut
i H»® 11, objects, compelling also a large
I ?" m ^ r of their women to lead ceil
1 î^ te ^ 1Tes soldiers of the king, that
i th .® popuiation has been diminishing
w "h remarkable rapidity . ,5V ben the
1 P®"P le °' tf jis land are free front the
tyranny that has ground them down
' bat P' ctur ®T® and - « .»P 11 ® ot her
j un q u ®* tlo nable existence in the pres-,
ent a in ^ l ^ lca ?? ure : t . ,e
. ^ a PPe ar a " d ***'* t0
I fatle ln t o the realm ot legend.
! firsf-ëiass. reliable article, which would
! have cost several times as much.
Hete. then, is why tbe cheaper shoes
are not worth evoii tho fractioual price
. Wkh «« ft? " ,a >'
fëëhi'î f^ ^71j-'''°° k ]" K
îliil^iLL „ lhe dearer shoes
! linuïîîl .î«nnov month*, und with a
all . WQrQ 0 «t.-G<L üoujilp'lg. *
Franc« About to Wipe Out tb« Ivlngtlnm
of Dahmurjr.
j France has finally decided upo
««nuuest of Dahomey. The cable des
n the
As Quick a» Michtnlng.
.— . . .
According to the San Francisco
Examiner, the quickest thing next to
electricity is a snake. Well-behaved
serpents are always interesting. But
for tbe unfortunate information that
: one gave to Miss Eve before she eloped
1 with Adam when he was head gardener ;
[ of the Eden ranch, there would bä
: snakes in more respectable families
1 than there are to-day. A Cleveland
snake professor says that • hissing
| pythons and cobras will eat at any
I time except when they are blind and
! shedding their skin. They won't touch
j anything then. Another queer thing
| about them is that they won't eat any
j thing but white animals. Wait; I'll
I »how you," and taking a young rabbit
! o{ its ca ? e ,le P la ® ud il in ll '® hox
j w *,^h the snakes.
j They did not move for about a min
j *tte. Xheu one of the pythons raised
| its head and fastened its eyes upon
bunny, Tho rabbii's ears dropped, its
! e T®» olose<1 "«<> *t began to tremble,
Ail at once th ® snake shot forvvard.and.
1 seizing it by the back of theneck.coiied
around it and began crushing out
j its life, then turning it over began to
1 swallow it. The nython's head under
ordinary circumstances was not larger
than a thumb joint on a man's hand,
j , x . t when it seized the rabbit its jaws
tc Cani0 dislocated in such a way that
wa3 a b] 0 t„ start tho rabbit's head
int0 it9 mouth . Thfin bv a peculiar
motiun , t , n 8 , owIv t ' „wallow its
As the snake Worked backward
and ' for ward its l.ea.l stretched to many
t | roe , lhe natuni i gize , uuti | tiually
bunoy's hind leg* dUappeared dowu
tlle ^ ülon -s lno ,u h .
Th ® mo »t interesting spot in Oam
! bridge is the old Longfellow house,
i where Miss Longfellow, the oldest
daughter, and Kev. Samuel Longfel
i l° w . 'be brother of the poet, now livo.
The house looks exactly ns it did in the
oId (l! D» when the great poet received
j his friend# with sweet and gentle cour
tesy. His spirit seems to haunt the
| rooms and halls nnd will be ever pres
! «nt to those who had the privilege of
his friendship. The two younger
daughters, Mrs. Richard II. Dana and
Mr »- Joseph G. Thorpe, Jr., have built
houses adjoining tho old estate, so that
the Longfellow sisters live side by side,
in tbe order of primogeniture. Across
Hattie street is the little park named
> n honor of tho dead poet. It wag an
appropriate idea that the vacant land
over which Longfellow's.eyes so often
wandered as lie looked from his win
dows should remain free to the inhab
itants of Cambridge ns a memorial of
The Longfellow Family.'
Electrical Precaution.
A doctor of Jersey City suggest*
that all telegraph poles on which live
electric wires are strung be painted red,
1 that the public may be able to distia
! gufth them,
blwi» tfcm »«*<1 ruur TtanuMad Uiwd
YVhlol» Ar« MUpm» uMue«d.
There are in our English at least |
three or lour thousand words that are
frequently mispronounced. Some of
these are the following:. *
Ab-a-üs. Not a-ho-tis. That has
been doue for this word that should bo
done as soon as possible for all foreign !
words that we use. It has been fully:
Anglicized. The more English we
make our English the better Euglish it
Ab-tfo-meu. There is no authority.
except popular usage, for accenting the
first syllable of this word.
Ab-rfom-iaal. The o short, as in don.
A6-or-crom-hy. The o of this proper
nan)0 j s not t be o of con, but the o of
come ,
Ah-ject. Not ab -jeet. !
Jft-toct-ness. I
^6-jeet-ly. |
Ah-so-lute,. Not absoloot, as is often
pronouueetl by the careless.
Ab-oof-u-to-ry. The dictionaries say
that tho penultimate o iu such words as
deula ." ,! * tor >' migratory, inventory.
matrimony, dedicatory, derogatory.
natatory, category, parsimony, pi*ca
t ory. prefatory, territory, etc., is or
„houtd be prououuced like short «; that
Is. like o iu major, actor, factor, etc.
j s this true? The penultimate o of
'he*» words falls, without an exception,
» /^thmica accent which
naturally does and should bring out.
iu no small degree, the quality of the
vowel, though not iu the some degree
that it is brought out wheu standiug
uu der a preliminary accent. It is safe
to assert that it is only those specially
schooled to slur this o that pronounce
it according to the dictionary marking.
There are many that pronounce malri
mou y and a few that pronounce in
ven ,J r y with the o very short or olv
TCU re as Worcester has it; but there are
prob ably none. In this country at least. !
that are consistent and uniformly sup
P™»? **>'* ' h ® wh °le lo»g ^''t «*
' Wü . r, 1 lÄ whi SÄ. U t ' c 'l urs - ,
Absolve, l'here ,s good authority
for soundiug the s of this word like *.
but this is hardly In accordance with
the best usage.
A,) '" ,rl) ' , r i i hB 3 ° l f. ? tM *
w °Ii* !,ho1 ' 11 " r "fblly < avoided.
--i*-straet-ly. Not alv-drarMy.
. Ab ^T*'. , l ilU " of i h u i * W T' h , M
the sound of long on. Ilus w the rule.
^preceded by r or the sound of th or
2 \, Ïiïî "'i"" W sound
oo. as in rude, rumor, rule.
a-Äa Not .16-v-dos.
Ac a-fe mi in '
Ac-a-Uc- mi-an.
Ac a-fe mi in
Ac-a-Uc- mi-an.
Accent. " hvu a uoun, the first,
when a verb, tho aecoud, 1 » the ac
rented syllable. We *cctnt a «y liable
with an mcent.
Acceptable. In Walker's time this
word was accented on the first syllable
j,y the majority of the better speaker*,
J A cce„. U i5 more in accordance
with the best current of usage to ae
cent the first rather than tfie second
syllable of this word. Webster to the
contrary notwithstanding,
Ac-ces-so-ry. Ease of utterance has
shifted the accent from the first to tho
second syllable, where it will remain.
Ac-cti-mate. For the prononnoiatioo
that accents the first «y liable there D
no authority,
Accrue. Here is another word in
w bich the u has the sound of long oo.
Acetate. The a long as in fate*
Acoustics. All our dictionaries pro
Bounce the ou of this word ou>. while
nearly tbe whole English-speaking
world, so far as tho writer's obeenra
tion goes, pronounce it like long oo.
Many persons thu* pronounce it know
ing that the authorities are against
them. Squalor is another word treated
in like manner. A-iowa-tic* is certainly
; not pleasing to the ear.
AT-or. Not tbe o of nor. but the o
of Major,
A-cu-men. Not mt-u-men.
Address. Both noun and verb
now commonly accented on the second
Adduce. When, in tho same syllable,
long u is preceded by one of tfie
«onants d, I, l, », s. or th, it is not
to imroditee tho sound of y. hence care
less speakers omit it. pronouncing duty,
dooty;time, toon: lute, loot; nuisance,
noosance. etc. Aud yet to make the it
in these worils as clear aud a* perfect
as in routo. cute. etc., is ovornicc and
consequently smacks of pedantry. Tho
two extreames should be uvoideil with
equal care.
A-tiepl. Not o«/-ept.
Adhesive. Do not pronounce the s
like z.
Adipose. Do not pronounce the t
like z.
authority for accenting the first sylla
ble. but it is to be imped that
will be inclined to follow it.
Ad-tni-ra-ble; ad-mi-ra-bly.
Ad-ml-rnl-ty. The first n'nd not tho
third is the accented syllable.
Adobe. Tliroe syllables— ah-do-be.
A-tlull. There
There is almmlant
uo «nu
authority for
s DO
The second a of this word
should lie sounded broader than the a
in man, van. fat, otc., unit not so broad
as in father.
At tho beginning of this century
words iu which tliis so-called inter
mediate a occurs wore generally pro
nounced with the full, broad Italian a
as in father, which by the exquisites
was not infrequently exaggerated.
This Walker undertook to change, nud
to that end marked the a of this eias*
of words short, like the a in and. mao,
at, etc. The innovation met with only
partial succès#. Now. there is u general
disposition to unite in some intermedi
ate sound betwuen the broad a in
father, which is vorv rarely, nnd thu
•hurt a in can. which is very frequent
ly heard in this country. À few of the
words in which this a now receives this
intermediate sound are: After, ala*,
answer, ant, busk, basket, branch,
brass, cask. cast, chance, class, craft,
dance, draft, enchant, example, fast,
flask, grasp, glance, glass, grass, last,
nusty, pass, past, pastor, shaft, stuff,
tusk, va st, wa f t. — F . F. Timet.
About Jonah and the Whale.
"Doctor," said a Tribune reporter
yesterday to a city miuister, "is there
oot a natural explanation of the
whale's swallowing of Juuuli?"
"Yes. Iu the first pluce there ft
j nothing la the Hebrew fo »bow that It
was what we call a whale. lhe worn
. t(1( | j nt0 both the Septtmgiut
* 0( j th „ %' BW Testament by the Greek
| Catos' mean* simply a sea monster;
aml this wortl was the one used by ot»r
^ j u his refereuce to this account of
* Jonah. (Matthew xik. 89*41). So
ftll therefore, as the Hebrew or Greek
„.„rds are concerned, the Ush may
! bave been a whale, a shark, a sea »er*
peut or any other large meu»terof the
t *j ee .,. (Jeuce. there u nothing inered
jb| 0 i u the statement that Jonah, upon
being thrown iuto the sea. was tiuicklv
ove rtaken by a sen monster aud »wal*
i OW ed without suffering any mutila*
t iou, providing the mouster was large
uau ugh. it is well kuown that tim
waters through which a vessel in sail*
in „ j rom Joppa to any Spanish pork
pass were frequeuted. iu early
! times, bv a specie of shark called sea*
I dog having a throat large enough to
| swallow a mau whole. The Freuch
uatuialist, Imeepede, iu his Histoire
des Poissons.'states that sea-dog# have
„ i ow „ r jaw of nearly six feel iu semi
circular extent; which enable* us to
Verstund how they eau swallow eu*
t ire a „anals as large or larger »hau
„arselve*. Blumeubach, the Germau
atM >logUt, iu bis Manual of Natural
History.'is authority for the additional
that sea-dogs'have beeu taken
weighing five tons, and that a horse
basbeeu fouud whole in the stomach
0 f a sea-dog. And Pliov. W A.
K |ve* an account of the skeleton of a
8 „ monster forty fe«l loug. whose rib*
„„re higher than those of an Indian
e | ei) |,aut. This skeleton. Pliny sa»*.
brought from Joppa, a city of
Jude», and exhibited in Rome by M.
ficaurus ."'—Sail lake Tribun».
-, , ,
«•#»»«••»•#» »» •».. PHe-Ue. '»4^
! p Btroleum wu BuJ used in
Rorth America perbap* as early as
anywhere else iu the world, since it
was collected in many place« and in J
Ur ge qimatity by that m/steriou. r
B la or oetude, whom we know as •o'he
^uud^iiilders. '' Wheu iu 1859 l
wëët to Titusville like thousands of
ëthers. t-alk^l «hero ly tbe Urak. od
well. I noticed that «he bottom land. |
on oil Creek below the town, and
where covered with a magnificent for- '
0 ( hemlock tree*, were pitied in a J
p^-aliar way ; that is, the surface was
I occupied by a series of contiguous '
deprLion/teu or fifteen 1er. in dlam- |
eter and from one to three feet in ^
depth. Ibcse were circular and »yin
metrical, in that respect differing from I
the pits formed bv uprooted tree»,
Watson wfio
well there, what was the
pits formeil by uproi
inquiring of Brewer and W
had an oil
can« of this »erics of pits,
uo satisfactory answer from them; but
a bv-stauder answered mv iiuvatiou by
taking me to bis well, ju.t begun in
the vicinity. A. it chanced, thf, well
— - I — :
was sunk in one of the pits befuge re
ferred to. It was
r me t>
to tfie depth
of about twenty-tire te*:l in the earth
when the rock was reached and tbe
drilling begun. Throughout this depth
it fqliowe«! the cour« of an old well,
which had been cribbed up with lit»
ber. and In it was a ladder such as was
commonly used in the copper mines of
Lake Superior by perhaps the sains
people who worked the oil wells Thla
ladder was a portion of a small free,
of which the trunk was thickly «I
with branches. The« were cut off
four or live inches from the trunk, and
thus formed *te|>t by which th* well
owner could go down and galber the
oil as it accumulated on the surface «if |
tho water, just as was done by the old
oil producers on the banks of the Cas
pian and the Irrawaddy Some of the
tree, which grew over the pits which
marked tho sites of oil wells «vor* three
and even four feet in diameter, thus
proving that the well, bad liccu <i6on
tloneU at least «011 or Ô0U years ago. ;
\t Knm.Ulleii, Canada, and at
a amt Grafton. Ohio. I found »Im
liar ancient oil well*. At Enniskillen
the oil «as obtained by sinking pit*
through forty or fifty lent of imper*
vioii. ciay. Beneath this the «»il accu
mutated on the surface of the limestone,
ami sometimes thousand, of barrels
flowed out when One of these reel*
voir» was tupped, lu sinking one pit,
which was seven by fourteen f*>«!t in
area, on the banks of Black Creek, the
operators found that one corner of
their shaft cut into an older »haft
which had lice» lilted tip with rubbish,
twig*, leaves, etc. At the depth of
twenty-seven feet from the surface a
pair of deer's antlers wore taken from
this old pit. Here, a* on Gil Creek,
the surface was occupied with trees
three feet in diameter, ami some of
them wer» growing Immediately over
the old „,1 well ,-Vrof. J. ,H. tic&bern,
in Uar^r't Matjaeine.
. -
How lt«>tfl,,.hil«t Got Itiotia
Tho loto It ———
I lie late Baron Clinrie* Rothschild
was one day asked by a friend whom
he ha.l taken with him on change .t
hi* request t„ tell him tho «« ret of
getting rich by speeulation* on the
tiourse, ns the ira«' people always did
business with eaeh other awl It was
therefore natural to.u,,^ tbitZ
profits »ml losses would lie eounlDed
in the long run.
' Just count the number of gentle
men who are making the biggest
noise." said the Harftu. **
" l'here nre fourteen of them."
"Very good; we will eoinonnd count
them again in a fortnight."
I lo«j did so. and this time there were
• You *o«.." said Rothschild, "tho
three that are missing have been swal
iuwe, ,,p by the rest?'
■Then how must you go about it If
vou want to speculate successfully?"
inquired the unexperienced stranger
; A- when you are taking a Russian
hath -quick iu and quick
on Iv
„ ..
The average life ,,f n r „|,[ u ,
shout 0 yearn. The doé mnV îëë.
young eight times a year averaging
tight each time. The flret ibrer Ä
produced when but 4 months old ti
b-ä cstc&VSf
SS " -— ÏSSVk
I he struggle upon tb.
opcniug the car window or im j,,
•'-'terlxed as tbe annual rey«,
of twnen Ihn aeropbohiao* and th*
Uos.ian bath* are recuuutrsd»
a sufferer from rheunutwoL j
several trial* one *b«mtdt»kr n», »
as hot as he can bear ilut th- ,*
,, art of the body. *
One of the sights near V
U a mJ-lv. sloue i!!^'- ,
Mor.uo J iu h^nr ./jo!
it after their expulsion from N
J was also used as a fort' >M *
a dmeë^f hnë. in M .
A drove of logs In Huili
l h ' can ** intoxicated by
»«»«• from a «»nfbum f«t«, ,
^ ' ^ .
| d!u " U1 '* 1 b > ,U W debau.w
The paper* of Mieagvr lliamd
' Indiana for whom tbe -mis
a J committee ba*reeonimei»!
of #X5 for hi* «.vices 1,
' Ifilif. show that be i» IU2 y
| T -o centenarian, bare M
^ , Utry cuiiniy. MMdl%aa. *H
I-WIMU* man »lart.,1 on his rouait
I Mi
Dr. Hammond
*re the worst
among women.
Oo a Connecticut railroad i, ,.
boy eighty-two year* ot4L*ÄJ
formerly a school teacher. 1
The Sioux of South Uskou
rapidly of vousumptloa
throat and chest diseases.
A Georgia plautatiou h«.«,,,
measuring ten feet in eir «^ ,
aud over three feet iu
In the Gila Valley disirk-t »>
zona Territory Ut* propos .fj
5.U0U acres to orange, tl,U wi«*^
A large nuiiiljer of earn*«,! '
■■■■niMlInd with rubUr
«b« lhi
P^pagator, of "i
and ,,
la :
mu uow s
Th« rhododendron pUatatlo, a
Foitausbeu iu tbe low» of SrJ
N. It. is one of the fioral
New Kngluud.
Iu the French Jardin de» JW
a peculiar South Aimtrieau
seiubllug a • ttyiug toad,"
itself up like a hedgel,» ■
Au instance ol just reîniwu.
found iu the case of the an« «w
vented the pig»-iu-ctover pewit
ha* iweu «ut to au iasaa«
St Louis.
■k i
A ana Dvimiml. on» S>
two year* old. and tb* «
(ot, stilt live*.
in * 7^ L ëZTÎiï
*** d '* *?'! "' b * "K
ment» ot British manhood.
Rudyard Kipling «ein »sm-kt^Bi
and cvc-gl.»»«# iu ht» umIM
. amt hi* iwae
ky decanter * in-
•m»kes a
a rifle, a »
Miss Mildred Conway, fiw
daughter of M-meure Coa**r. i*
her falber in fit* literary werk. Ii
arenmptisfied musician, and Ut
malic ability sufficient to |dat* V«
did sbo cboo*» tessfit
Iks 11
of Mr. Balfour think* that lW |
law* will be found »uHkieBt 1»
Here most of the suffsrieg It»»
potato cr«»p* In Ireland this»*
If U was not for the very l»«f 1
she is under Ireland eoeid fid
lake care of herself,
t»a itntuh Mtdx-al JtmrsM. rsu
«ring th* danger of hissing th* *«
«if | greasy Bible of law court», ne
mend* that a clean wrapsrof W«
put on from lime I« Ii»«- >-**
don* recently for the liea«4l *•
duka of Fife, a recent wltnc* a*«
upproved as a desirable prattim.
A hostess of authority in P*»
adopted the Innovation of •®* dl
; Urge dinner party at »mall t»i->Ç
at I» said that the French vl»B «<•
u» n , from which th-ir y»n*| 0
have hitherto been earefsit; r« 1 '
ha* materially changed, ami tW
to become an admitte«l fcatsf»"! 1
1 tociety.
of j
Tbe trunk of a rose basil ?T'***I
Ventura. Cal., is said to
In rircumfereitce. and the tii'HWw
it throw* out is twenty*«#® '**"
circumference, it run» « lfff *
work. and. though more tha#*
load of Ixiugti* have been remow
covers a sirnce of about *
feeL It yield* thousand* w *® w
and is 14 year* old.
The Emperor of Chin* #J*V|
be«! of carved wood magniflf» 11 ».
lab! « th gold ami lv« r /' " u
concerning the Chine*« Mfl PlljS
strictest observance of < ' t ' < i"r'
tends even to the pareil« of "
arch. who. on visiting their to".
not omit to bend the knee, «» ■.
youngerbrotherofhiiOlfstl»!* 1 «
it subject to observance* #°
.. . , . , » ,_a who*
Porthose interested an
.t '° k " ow huw J* ' U !*,n««S I« I
of wh i °. . irfertindiog a 1
the ! Ù m ■heu'' dig*
did f bl ® lop " tln , n , using
was holr ' ,il1 " * 1»
i hindflip, W re. «Tret on® ugj*
other, moving her iKidy • .
« be able to get at the nest. I ^
*» not too hard she will '«" »*
*rmu tweoty-flv# to thirty nt
Rev. R. H. Nassau, f.irmerty «
adelphla. ha* lieen living -
boon nnd CoriMO Mission on
Coast of Africa, *ml * or M . ' w,
ha * 0,1 the hunt for g' ,r ,,
f or Dr. Morton, of Phil im , *'I*""
want* them for scientific l'" r £ # |
writes homo of the fruitlomsi -'
long search, ft seems to **
If perabondanc« of gorlH* ,ir "
makes It difficult to pro«« ^
the gorilla is too wise for
An electrical engineer of ™
claims the invention of a 1
for pipes that will prevent 'd
tfeotloo of the nicotine
«making with the toogu«' ,
''* hollem ball, with • »I f ""5 g
*l''t")d «lern attached to It.
Ä I tn «° ' h ® orl ; o ig«r
! ro «Btbpleco of tho pm« ' ..
s* Sfe * <•
I sö-i K jS 8 j;
from going or working h*

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