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Evening capital news. (Boise, Idaho) 1901-1927, November 06, 1912, EXTRA!-Morning Edition-EXTRA!, Image 8

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HUM OF 1824
John Quincy Adams Was
Chosen After Bitter Con
test in Country.
La Fayette Viaitad tha Country During
tha Campaign and Intaraat in Politico
Lagged While the People Paid Honor
to tha Great Frenchman—Clay Waa
Fourth in tha Race.
(Editor's Note:—The following story
by Mr. Haskln was the 10th article
of his series of 27 articles on Presi
dential elections, now running,
was omitted in its regular order, due
to delay in the mails, and Is there
fore given at this time.)
By Frederic J. Haskin.
The years that intervened between
1S00 and 1824 witnessed no election
contest whose result was not a fore
gone conclusion. Jefferson agreed to
be his logical successor. Then came
Monroe, who succeeded nimself with
but one dissenting vote. This was cast
by a New Hampshire elector who said
he did it to prevent Monroe from
equalling Washington in respect to a
unanimous vote. The papers of the
time show that he was roundly lam
basted for having done so. After Mon
roe's second election everything was
so unanimous that there was no party,
unless all the people were included
in the Democratic-Republican party.
it was evident that Monroe's suc
cessor would be chosen more upon
tlie ground of personal preference than
I f political principles, so the light for
position in the next presidential ocn
test assumed the proportions of a
free-far-all. Hezekiah Niles declared
that there were no less than IB or
17 ''receptive" candidates as early as
1S21. Monroe had three of the leading
I andidates as members of his cabinet,
and early declared himself neutral in
order to save himself from continual
pulling and hauling and from charges
of favoritism.
It was not long before the advo
cates of a third term were orf hand
v ith the usual story. They told Mr.
Monroe that there were a dozen can
didates for the presidency in 1824,
and that not one of them had been
strong enough to have even a hope of
securing a majority of the electoral
votes. This, they told him, would
throw* the contest into the house, an
evil of evils. They also assured him
that he had been entitled to a unani
mous vote last time and that he would
get it this time. Furthermore, they
asserted, if he retired Europe would
not understand it and would conclude
that the United States had not backed
him up on the Monroe doctrine.
Clay's Resolution.
Clay was so carried away with Mon
roe's pronunciation that lie offered a
resolution in the house backing it up.
Eater, remembering that he had been
called a "war hawk" out in his own
west because of his vigorous cham
pionship of the war of 1812 "for free
trade and sailors' rights," he sidestep
ped the difficulty by asking that the
resolution continue to lie on the table
Monroe had a difficult time of it
balancing between his eandldate-ad
risers. He complained that Crawford
had given him considerable trouble, al
though some historians assert that he
threw the weight of his influence
quietly to that gentleman. An undated
memorandum among lvis papers shows
that upon one occasion he cogitated
upon a proposition to ask Crawford
to retire from the cabinet. That
Crawford did not feel that he had had
the support of Monroe Is shown by
the fact, related in Adams' diary, that
he afterward cursed Monroe to his
face, and that Monroe was on the
point of ringing for a servant to escort
him from the White House when
Crawford thought better of himself
and apologized to the president for his
There was a general unrest among
the people in 1824. They felt that they
had not been consulted in the selec
tion of their presidents. Some of the
states still chose their electors by
their legislatures, and in others prop
erty qualifications kept the majority
of the citizens from voting. The west
ern states were Democratic as opposed
to the aristocratic east and they were
tired of the "high-brow" Virginia dy
nasty and the succession of the secre
taries. They wanted a man for presi
dent Just for once who had not been
secretary of state in his predecessor's
There were two popular candidates,
Henry Clay and Andrew Jackson, but
the latter appealed most to the ordi
nary citizen. In the dog daya of 1822
the Tennessee legislature adopted a
resolution proposing Jackson for pres
ident as "the soldier, the statesman,
tnd the honest man."
John Quinsy Adams' Plan.
John Quincy Adams sought to hitch
his presidential wagon to a star by
getting Andrew Jackson to agree to
stand on a ticket with him as vice
Präsident,' and in 1824, on the anni
versary of the battle of New Orleans,
hs gave a great dinner to Jackson,
which a thousand or more attended.
JSCkson had been sent" to Washington
as a senator, in the hope that the ac
quaintanceships he would form would
" help him In his contest.
Crawford wanted to be the party
candidate, and to that end a congres
sional caucus was called. Printed side
by side with the announcement of the
call'of the caucus was another an
nouncement stating that 181 out of
tbs 288 members of congress would
not attend It. When the caucus met
there were N members and two prox
ies prese n t. It* nominated Crawford
and Gallatin. who were the last pres
idential nominees ever to receive a
nomination at the hands of a caucus.
This system had sprung up in 1800
and continued until 1824. Virginia and
few other states backed up caucus
rule and appealed to-the country to
stand by It. But othsr states were
equally earnest in their protests that
it was undemocratic and .ought to be
discontinued. In Pennsylvania it waa
suggested that there ought to be
national delegate convention to choose
the candidates, but the expense of
travel then was so great that the sug
gestion could not be acted upon.
Early in the campaign South Caro
lina nominated William Lowndes.
This caused John C. Calhoun's friends
to get busy and the state switched
over to him. Later Ohio nominated
DeWitt Clinton, and this caused such
ridicule that another meeting was
called to consider a motion to rescind
the action. This meeting was held in
a Cincinnati church, and the crush
was so great the participants had to
retire to an open Held for the house
to divide. Clinton withdrew from, the
running, . and John C. Calnoun
switched over to be vice presidential
candidate on both thp Adams ajid the
Jackson tickets. Gallatin also with
drew, under pressure.
Crawford Was Stricken.
Before the light Crawford was
stricken by paralysis and retired to "a
mansion house in the country" wjiich
stood at Fourteenth street and Massa
chusetts avenue, five minutes from
the White House, where he could not
8et , even his intimate friends. His
signature to public documents had to
be affixed with a facsimile stamp by
his daughter.
in Massachusetts an "unpledged
electoral ticket" was chosen. In Ohio
the Columbus Gazette announced
Clay ticket, which the Jacksonltes
dubbed the "We" ticket. In New York
the people were clamoring for the
right to chodse the electors, but 17
members of the state senate prewmted
the passage of a law giving thclfi that
right. Their names were printed on
great big posters in glaring letters,
and surrounded with big black borders.
These were posted In saloons, tacked
on trees, hung in store windows and
generally circulated. Only one of the
17 offered for re-election, and' the
overwhelming defeat he met showed
the temper of the people. The legisla
ture, after a long wrangle, chose 25
Adams electors, seven Clay electors,
and four for Crawford. Three of the
clay electors deserted him, else he
and Crawford would have tied for
third place in the electoral colleges.
In North Carolina there was a fusion
ticket known as the People's ticket.
Each voter was to write on his bal
lot whether he prefered Adams or
Jackson, and the electors were to be
apportioned between them In the ra
tio of their strength, but the agree
ment was afterward repudiated and
Jackson got the entire vote. Adams
would have been entitled to a third of
North Carolina's vote on the strength
of the agreement.
There were innumerable party polls
during the progress of the campaign.
Wherever three was a crowd
steamboat, at a court day meeting, at
gatherings of the militia—polls were
made to discover the drift of public
sentiment. Campaign badges for the
first time became popular. Great num
bers of fancy vests with the pictures
of Adams, Jackson, Clay and Craw
ford, were ordered from France, and
the voter could show whom he was
supporting by the picture on his vest.
La Fayette's Visit.
La Fayette visited the country dur
ing the campaign and the interest of
the people toward the end of the fight
shifted from politics to the celebration
of the great visitor's return. But when
the returns did come in It was found
that no candidate had a majority in
the electoral colleges, and that the
house would have to elect.
Clay, who was speaker, had run
fourth, so the choice was to fall on
Adams, Jackson or Crawford. It was
charged that Clay had made a bar
gain with Adams whereby he should
become secretary of state in return for
throwing his strength to Adams. Clay
declared that the man who made the
charge was "a base and Infamous cal
umlnator, a dastard, and a liar, who,
if he would make himself known,
would be held responsible ' to all the
laws that govern men of honor.' " Rep
resentative Kremer of Pennsylvania,
whose claim to fame was a leopard
skin overcoat and an eccentric man
ner, replied that he was the author
of the charge and would prove it.
Henry Clay thought better of his im
plied threat to take the matter to the
duelling ground at Bladensburg, and
Instead asked the house to investigate
the matter and expel him if it round
|8ie charge true. When the house
asked Kremer for his proof he backed
down. Jackson himself afterward re
peated the charge.
When the house voted, Adams won
on the first ballot. He declared to the
committee which notified him of his
election that if tl* constitution had
provided a method whereby he could
do it, he would have resigned and re
submitted his case to the people.
A class ad in these columns will
.each 50,000 readers. it
The Painful Truth.
A certain diplomat was talking the
other day about the painfulness of the
truth. He said It reminded him of ,v
morning call that he once made on a
young lady In his youth.
"In answer to his ring a tiny tot of
a girl opened the door, and the man
said to her, as he walked into the hall:
'•'Where Is your auntie, Mabel?'
" 'Upstalres in her nightie," chirped
the tot, 'a-lookin' over the balus
trade.' "
A Transportation.
"There is one thing I can not under
stand," said the student of theology.
"What is that?" inquired the pro
"Why Moses, the lawgiver, should be
called the meekest of men, while Solo
mon. with hundreds of wives, was call,
ed the wisest." '
Her Opinion.
He—What do you consider the best
way to propose?
Moscow Group Purchased
and Extensive Develop
ment Work Will Result
Situated on Logan Creek.
Word was received In Boise this
morning by R. N. Bell, state mine in
spector, announcing the closing of a
deal for the Moscow group of mines
by M. E. Moore, owner, to R. T. Smith,
representing some wealthy Seattle and
Los Angeles capitalists, for 8150,000
in cash, and other payments to follow
at short Intervals.
Mr. Bell is much gratified at the
receipt of this Information, for the
reason that he has been specifically
advertising this property, and the oth
er numerous flattering ore showings
in the same district, In numerous spe
cial articles in the Capital News and
other papers of the state, and in his
annual report, where a detailed des
cription of the big lode deposits of the
Big Creek district were given and il
lustrated, la3t January, and such a
substantial deal, and prospect of ex
tensive development of the deposits
that will result, are a gratifying con
flrmatlon of Mr. Bell's Judgment of the
probable importance of the new dis
trict, which comes at an opportune
time in a rather dull condition of min
ing development in the state which
has prevailed for the past several
History of the Mine.
The Moscow mine is situated on Lo
gan creek, a tributary of Big creek
in the Big Creek mining district in
Idaho county. It is 90 miles from the
nearest railway station at New Mea*
(lows, by wagon road. The new lino
up Long valley, however, will afford
closer approach and will cut down
that distance about 20 miles over a
much more favorable route that is ac
cessible to railway construction on
easy grades.
The Moscow lode presents one of the
largest bodies of paying gold ore ever
discovered in Idaho. The bulk of the
group was taken up by Mr. Moore
about five years ago, two of the claims
being purchased from the original dis
The deposit consists of a lode or
zone of quartz and altered gangue
richly mineralized with iron sulphides.
It has been developed by shallow open
cuts that demonstrate a width of 250
feet and a length of the ore body of
over 4000 feet.
The principal feature of its under
ground development is a cross-out
tunnel 150 feet in length, from which
two raises have been put up and a
two raises have been put up and a
glory hole opened in the middle of the
ore body, this cross-cut tunnel still
lacks 100 feet of cutting the full width
of the lode with a definite prospect of
a better pay zone next to the hanging
The glory hole product has been
worked to the extent of about 1500 tons
in a one-stamp mill and a very crude
old-fashioned five-stamp mill, built by
the owner and has yielded 82 to 810
per ton in free gold. The mine itself
has been largely operated by Mr.
Moore and the mill by his wife, who
has personally made the best record in
saving the values. This pair of pio
neer miners have had a hard struggle
to make the enterprise pay by reason
of the fact that the gold values be
came mixed with sulphide of Iron at
a very shallow depth and proved diffi
cult to amalgamate. Some extensive
tests by cyanlding, however, show that
these sulphides yield an exceptionally
high extraction of their contained
gold values to the cyanide treatment.
Obtained By Capable Engineers.
This underground development on
the deposit shows an average value
across 150 feet In width of 83 per ton,
and for a central zone of 60 feet, 84.40
per ton. These results were obtained
by some of the most capable mining
engineers in the country and are au
thentic. The surface cuts show sim
ilar and much better values at inter
nals along the course of this great
ore zone for over 4000 feet, and if they
are maintained to any material depth
upon more permanent and extensive
development, the Moscow will prove
one of the largest and most profitable
gold ore deposits ever discovered
there seems no question about the
feasibility of extracting the values by
modern cyaniding methods, and 81.00
should-cover all operating costs, ow
ing to the Ideally natural advantages
surrounding the deposit In the way of
chances for gravity handling, water
power, and timber resources.
This deal is likely to prove the fore
runner of a number of other develop
ment ventures of the same caliber
and the ultimate establishment of one
of the moat populous and profitable
gold mining camps in the country, for
the mineral belt In which the Moscow
occurs, carries half a dozen other sim
ilar great ore showings on the series
of contiguous properties on the same
strike to the north and south of the
Moore property in a similar stage of
development and carrying similar val
ues and widths.
A successful development of these
great ore deposits would afford an un
limited tonnage resource of milling
ore, with the possibility of establish
ing a camp of 10,000 people within the
next few years that would afford
handsome cash market for Boise and
the adjacent southwestern Idaho
towns, and agricultural interests, ai
the business traffic that this prospec
tlve big mining camp will ' establish
has of necessity to come this way
an outlet until the Pittsburg-Gilmore
railroad, down the main Salmon river
canyon is constructed, after which
Lewiston and Salmon City will share
in the business created by this new
The geological conditions accom
panylng these great ore deposits are
exceptionally favorable for the main
last Days of the Consternation Sale
More and
for the last
Get the
benefit of
the deeper
in Prices
They are
Money Savers
that will
benefit you
Harward Clothing
tenante of the contained values to
great depth, and while It Is true that
the average assay results obtained on
these enormous bodies of ore seem low
grade to the ordinary man, they are
nAilly high grade, when their size is
considered, and promise to afford a
supply of profitable material that will
warrant the establishment of some of
the largest gold milling enterprises
ever attempted.
This great mineral belt extends for
20 miles south of Big creek in the di
rection of Yellow Pine basin, where it
becomes baser and desirable smelting
ore minerals, Including lead, copper
and zinc ore, which are conspicuously
To eaeure the iteme Hated below out thia ad or ooupone from the paper and present at the store Wedneeday.
These items are all prloOd «specially lew and ahould Intaraat everyone.
COUPON NO. 1—Capital News
Art Department
Pillow Case» stamped on good
quality muslin tubing. The de
signs are especially good and do
not require a great amount of
work: size 45x38; with CQp
coupon, pair........... WWW
COUPON NO. 2—Capital Naws
Drug Sundry Section
Peroxide Cream for removing
tan, freckles and is especially
good for sunburn. This antiseptic
cream Is sold everywhere 4 7
for 25c; with coupon .... Ilk
COUPON NO. 3—Capital Nawa
Soap Special
The well known Physicians and
Surgeons Soap, ma ' s of the very
finest and purest vegetable oils;
the quality of this soap is guar
anteed; with coupon 1 Rfz
2 for.................. 1 WW
COUPON NO. 6—Capital News
Merode Union Suits
Merode hand finished, ladles'
cream colored Union Suits with
high neck, long sleeves and ankle
length; sold always.for QQn
81.25; with coupon...... WWW
COUPON NO. 7—Capital News
Men's Wear Dept.
Men's Egyptian Cotton Hose In
tan or black; guaranteed fast
color; all sizes; regular 25c
value; extra special for Wednes
day, with coupon ..... 16c
COUPON NO. a— Capital News
Shoe Laces
Shoe Laces for the whole family
in 4/4, 5/4 or 6/4 lengths. These
are extra quality tublar laces in
tan or black; lay in a supply;
with coupon, 5 pairs C
for.................... WW
COUPON NO. 4—Capital Newe
Ladies' Fleeced Hose
Ladles' black fleece lined Hose;
guaranteed full seamless and
fast black, with wide elastic
tops; cannot be duplicated else
where for Isas than 25c; 1 Rse
with coupon, pair....... I WW
COUPON NO. »—Capital News
Blanket Specials
Heavy fleece, wool knap Blankets
in tan or white; a special pur
chase of only 100 pairs Just re
ceived; come early on account of
limited number; full 11/4 size;
with coupon
COUPON NO. »—Capital Nawa
Children's Tights
Children's Swiss ribbed, fleece
lined black tights In sises 2 to It
years. Just the thing for school
wear these chilly days; 40
with coupon, per pslr ... tvv
COUPON NO. 10—Capital Ns
Sheet Specials
Extra length sheets, sise 81x100,
with three-inch hem at top and
one-inch hem at bottom; extra
special value; with cou- FQ
pon. each............. Oww
COUPON NO. 11—Capital News
Tissue Paper
This will be an opportunity to
buy a fine grade of white tissue
paper for your holiday needs;
just double the usual quantity«
for the money; with cou
pon, 12 sheets ......... yv
COUPON NO. 12—Capita! News
Lead Pencils
Good quality lead pencils, with
enamel finish and rubber tips; a
good pencil for business, school
or home use; with coupon, C Ä
4 for.................... DC
COUPON NO. 13—Capital News
Ladies' Hair Nets
Carmen hair nets with best qual
ity elastic, extra large size in any
color; a net that cannot be
bought for less than 10c; 4C
with coupon, 6 for....... Luv
COUPON NO. 14—Capital New*
Candy Section *
Cherry Jelly drops with glazed
coating; made of pure extracts
and sugar; very fine cherry
flavor; regular 26c per lb.
goods; with coupon.....
COUPON NO. 15—Capital Naws
Stock Collars
Ladles' stock Collars with knit
or knit and lace Jabots In black,
•blue, navy, cerece, green or black
and white; regular 36c 9Q<t
values; with coupon ,, 6vv
This end of the district is within
50 miles of the new Long Valley rail
road. and Its fuller development Is
likely to afford a very important
source of mineral traffic and the ex
tension of an additional spur line of
that important new Oregon Short Line
"You seemed to enjoy that orator s
"Well,'' answered the devoted moth
er. "I don't care so much for speak
ing myself; hut that gentleman's ges
tures do so amuse the baby!"
Still Good.
"Some employers seem to thing that
old men won't do for business these
"Why not?"
"Pace too fast, I guess."
"Well. I don't know. When they get
too old to he Interested in canoes, or
mandolins, or fancy vests, I find 'em
pretty good for work."
If your watch passez mrough our re
pair department and does not give eet.
iefaction we will give a new move
ment in exchange.
CON W. HESSE, Jeweler.
Hay, Grain and Mill Feed.
"KING" and "PEACOCK* *
Ars the Bast.
Union fuel & Feed Co.
Howard E. Campbell, Mgr,
111 So. 10th, Opposito Y. M. C. A.
$1500—Nice acre tract, house and
barn, on car line, for 40 acres.
83760—Very nice 2-acre tract and new
5-rcom bungalow, for residence.
82000—Fine 10-acre tract bottom land,
paid water, for lot.
82500—Nice level 5-acre tract in clover,
214 miles out, for residence.
85000—Well improved tract at Collis
ter, for Boise residence.
84000—7-acre tract and 10-room house
and orchard, for Boise property.
83500—7 acres bearing apples and 10
acres bearing apples, for residence.
86500—4 acres and very fine house,
orchard, etc., for Boise residence.
82250—Three-quarters acre in bearing
apples and house, for lot or resi
81200—8-acre tract and water, for
cheap residence.
84500—Well improved 20-acre tract,
for grocery stock.
82500—20-acre tract and water, for
rental property.
83000 — 40-acre tract, house and stable,
for rental property.
812 ,000—120-acre ranch, 3 miles from
Boise, for large residence.
All kinds of property for rent, tele
and trade.
Room 5, Merino Bleek.
Funeral Directors
And Cmbalmers
We are new in eur new modern
résidant parlors, 19th end Jailer,
son streets. Competent Indy as
• Boll Phene •/•
Ind. Phene 36
Bicyloes and Motorcycles,
Machine end Engine Repairing ef all
119-121 ». Eleventh »trod

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