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SEND COPIES Of the New Year's is sue uf the Capital News tu your friends. EVENING CAPITAL NEWS THE WEATHER. Snow tonight or Wednesday, warmer. Vol. XXIX TEN PAGES BOISE,IDAHO, TUESDAY, JANUARY 7, 1913. No. 173 ECOiMI IS KEYNOTE OF MEM HAINES Retrenchment Urged in Order That the Taxes May Be Lowered—Education Commission One of His Plans • • • WHAT NEW GOVERNOR STANDS FOR. • In his message to the joint session of the lavvnu scribes a program of strict ministration. Among other things the new ex several state deportments. Opposes the creation of further partrnents. Favors a. reduction in the number wherever possible. Argues strongly for less expense Asks legislature to set example of il boards throughout ion of tax commission combination of both. legislature which was read before a 3 this afternoon Governor Haines pre iiimiy and retrenchment during his ad county and inunkip; Be Moves in cleat misai or l and favors Fa vor.s adoption AI proves direct Su g.gests the a he ditive favors the re-organization of und additional state offices and de r of employes in state departments in state government. *f economy and expresses hope that will fall in line. Iso public utilities com III no tion « bolishment täte hay am bv Idaho •nators and othe législature progressiv ■s. such as ; 1 I j j j I j j I ; , , j ad. The full ti ernor Haine Xt of the ek this after- ! institution of our state luty as governor to giv ion as t « > the condition id to recommend to ycu ai such measures as 1 dec also to present to yoi f the amount of mone. o be raised hy taxation The the l desire fid to d dir perfori eet ma in : ensible high honor conferred up »a me. grateful for the ex pression of eonlidence given me in iny election, and conscious of my ob ligation and responsibilities to the -peo ple of our fair stale, I assume the du ties of governor with the sincere, deter mination t<* give the best energies of my life to making the administration of our state government during the next two years, the most honest, the most economical, and the most efficient our people have ever known. In everything making for the ac complishment of these ends I shall ex pect the fullest and sineerest co-oper ation from every member of the legis lature, and having every reason to 1 know that you have the same realiza-l tion of your obligations and responsi bilities to our people that I have ofj mine. I have no fear of being disap- j pointed in the results of your deliher-i ations. Financi- and Business Conditions of State. it will require no argument on my j part to convince you that our business' condition at this time is not as satis-i factory as could be desired. For many J years we have been passing through a period of very rapid development. We! have been busy establishing state in - j stitutions, building highways bridges, and making many othe provenants of a permanent character. ! We have attempted to provide very lib- J erallv for all our state institutions, and j participate in a broad ami open-j enterprises handed manner in all tho: whose development and successful fruition will make for the general growth and prosperity of the state. No man can say that all this has not been good and desirable, but It is entirely clear, even to the most superficial ob server, that the time has arrived in our affairs when we must halt for a mo ment and endeavor to secure a sat isfactory adjustment as between in come and expenditure. The burden of the tax payer has become entirely ton great, and ways and means must be found for reducing, for the present, the very general burden of taxation under which our people have labored for the past few years. We must also assure the prospective investor and home builder that the tax rate on the real value of property in this state ■will not he higher than in other states. A spirit of extravagance is abroad in the land. We arc spending more money than our circumstances justify. The cost of our state government is excessive, the cost of county and mu nicipal government is excessive, and even the cost of running our house holds is greater, in the* vast majority of cases, than our individual incomes warrant. In view of these plain facts it is little wonder that the accumu lated cost of living is well nich un bearable. In matters of government, as in the conduct of our home life, we have adopted one new idea after an other without counting the cost, and we are only now being made to real ize what it all means. Wo have been quick to increase the number of our elections, we have been anxious to cre s u ! o j - ; - -j -• Il I j j i j j 1 ! | j pi new boards and hie new offices, bllshment of new we have worn!ere' nr taxes. Rctren only litre commisslo: o authori'/ institution! at the iii' hrnent is, oral result lature has slue 'f* 8,11 8 J^ 1 '** i * suit in justi | it is imperatival Must Be Modest in Demands. Hon* and now at the outset of our labors wo must he entirely frank with each other and admit that we must all be patient, conservative and piodest in our requests or demands for appropria lions for particular institution^ or de partrnents in which we, ourselves, may be interested, in order that the gen that this légis tes tly desirous of n in a way that e to the tax pay ers. it may even be found necessary that particular improvements, enlarge ments or developments in connection with our state institutions or our state roads and highway:;, much as they may he needed, and desirable as they doubtless are, will have to wait for the pri sent, because of the fact that the business condition of the state im peratively demands retrenchment in public expenditures at this time. If this Is found to be the case I trust that you will perform your full duty honestly and fearlessly. If It should become my duty to place the seal of executive disapproval upon measures passed by your honorable bodies, be» cause of the fact that appropriations are made therein which to me appear inconsistent with the present our finances, I shall act promptly and; honestly and I hope you will realize that I shall he acting only In the in-j torest of the general principles of econ omy and reform which 1 am now trying to place before you. It is entirely true that the greater! part of the burden of taxation does not) result from expenses incurred in the [general development of the state or j in the maintenance and support of its| institutions, but rather is it incurred by local county and municipal hoards In their management «and control of those operations of the government hich are most nearly under the di ision of the people of the 'rally speaking, the propor h individual's assessment which goes to maintain county and lo ll a) government, as compared with that part which goes to maintain state gov «'ruinent, Is about three to one, atid if any considerable reduction in the bur den of taxation is secured, it must largely come from co-operative action j on the part of the governing hoards of counties and municipalities. Hut the I fact cannot be evaded that the lo.gls I la tore is the body which is first ex ; pected to set an example of proper economy in the administration of state affairs. The present legislature should demonstrate that it is careful and con servative In the matter of expenditures and the making of appropriations, It should demonstrate that it is desirous of limiting the burden of taxation and that it is most cautious in the matter of opening new avenues of expenditure. I assure you that the operation of all executive departments will he guided by the same principles and Ideals; and, with a showing of good intentions and actual results by the legislature and executive departments of the state gov ernment we shall have a most power ful argument with which to go before county and municipal authorities and urge upon them similar action in the administration of their local govern ments. Creation of New Offices. As a general principle this legisla ture should be most cautious in the matter of creating new offices unless it is clearly shown that the benefits to be reasonably expected will much more than compensate the additional (Continued on Pago Two; ar of! 'J.'HÏÏ, ÏBt One Thousand Residents of Long Island Send Their! Contributions to the Capi tal News Fund. Colonel Rooseveit and his neighbors and friends of Oyster Bay, have joined the Penny Brigade. The following tele gram was received from the former president last night; Oyster Bay, N. Y., Jan. 0, 1913. Senator Dow Dunning, State Legislature, Boise, Idaho. I am sending you $10 from 1000 eon-1 tributors from Oyster Bay and other i Lond Island towns to your proposed | list of men and women who are to help nay tho fines of Messrs. Sheridan, Broxon and Cruzen. Let me know any-' thing you wish me to do. We will, of course, raise any money needed to pay the fines. The three gentlemen named above are standing as nobly for the cause of free government as John Hamden did when he stood against tyranny of the Star Chamber court and the iniquitous collection of the ship money. They have made all hon est American citizens their debtors and they are now the foremost champions and exponents of the rights of the peo pie to rule themselves. THEODORE ROOSEVELT. Senator Dunning's Reply. Senator Dunning sent the following message In reply t«> that received from Colonel Roosevelt last night: State Senate, Boise, Ida., Jan. 6, 1913. Hon. Theodore Roosevelt, Oyster Bay, X. Y. Your telegram conveying information of sending' 1000 pennies contributed by ns many lovers of liberty of speech ami of the press to aid in the payment of the fines of Messrs. Broxon, Sheridan and Cruzen, gives promise of the full realization of our hope that the entire fine might he paid hy penny contribu tions as a protest against the despot ism of all courts in all places. Publicity is the nightmare of des potism and no sacred wrong even when backed by the mighty power of prece dent can withstand the light of day. The courts have ever been the bulwark of privilege and the common people the defenders of liberty in every age. This whole agitation must lead to greater control of courts by the peo ple and a greater respect by the courts for the people's rights. DOW DUNNING USE MH WRECKED; ko iE is ne LaCrosse, Wis., Jan. 7.—The east 'imd Pioneer Limited, the largest Jin on the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul, was wrecked in the storm near Mauston, Wis., this morning. The sleepers left the track. Nobody was injured, but traffic was blocked. Chicago Wheat Market. Chicago, Jan. 7.—May wheat today at 91%<?£9174c. THREATS MADE TO RESUME THE WAR IN THE BALKANS Allies Losing Patience but Hope Expressed That Powers Will Act and Pre vent Further Conflict. London, Jan. 7.—There is practically no disposition in London to doubt that since the delegates of Bulgaria, Greese, Montenegro and Servia have celebrated the orthodox Christmas holiday, the peace conference will he resumed. There is a deep-seated reluctance among all parties against reopening hostilities, although threats of such an eventually are still uttered. Speculation concerning the method of breaking the present deadlock is rife. It is asserted that Rechad Pasha, the principal Turkish delegate, has telegraphed to Constantinople asking to reconvoke the conference and may make some explanations which he was persuaded from giving yestereday, ow - ing to the brusque suspension of his position. At the next meeting it is his turn to proside. Much is hoped for from the action of the powers, especially from Russia. It is believed that the greatest effort of the powers will he exercised at Constantinople. Tf weeks elapse, how ever, without the yielding of Adrian ople, the Bulgarian delegates declare "It will be General Savoff and his cannon who will speak." j j ' 1 j ! j j I j ! PARTY LEADERS . , PrOgrCSSlVCS DCClïTC 3 Capital News Are Given That Movement Will Sweep the State FREEDOM Ï SPEECH IS PARTY'S DOCTRINE I " j Publisher and Editor of the Assurances of Support— Strong Resolutions Are Adopted by Conference. Boise was in the hands of the Pro gressive party of Idaho yesterday. From every section of the state the followers of Theodore Roosevelt and his progressive ideas came to the cap ital city, discusse 1 current issues of the day : nd pled g ed their moral mil financial support toward carrying on the organ ization. There was not nie of the spt akers in tiie conference vho was not elated over the suci ess achieved during the first campa ign and who was not sanguine over the prospects for vlct< ry for the part} in the state two yea s hence and in the nation In 1916. ! That the Progressive party was not a movement of men, but a movement j of ideals which would go on and on until right triumphed and justice was enthroned in the seat of power, placed there by the common people of the country was, in short, the convictions of the state leaders in the nation wide* movement. From every section of the state came the same optimisVic speakers, who de clared that the party was greater m defeat than any other party had been in victory and before adjournment plans were formulated for a continuous campaign of education throughout the state for the next two years. Nearly 100 «>f those present agreed to pay $1 each or more monthly to carry on the campaign and spread the progressive doctrine in every county and precinct in the state and perfect working or ganizations which would be a power in the coming campaign. From the time th Progressive con ference opened yesterday morning un til the banquet closed last night short ly before 12 o'clock, the members of the Bull Moose party proved con clusively that they were progressives in every sense of the word. Visit County Jail. After a stirring session of two hours yestefütoy afternoon, during which! strong resolutions were passed and committees selected for carrying on the work, a donation of $2.3 in cash was taken up which was turned over to little Margaret Broxon, daughter of C. (j. Broxon, managing editor of the Cap ital News , who went eagerly to head quarters upon being summoned and informed that a collection of pennies had been taken for her to help pay her father's fine. Afte* tlu* donation was given, a procession was formed, head ed hy little Margaret Broxon and V. D. Hannah, the veteran pioneer of Canyon county, vvhi h marched to the county court house. Hen* the little girl left the party, while the members of the conference proceeded to the jail to express their sympathy and regard to the men Imprisoned for contempt. Word that they were coming had-beu» sent to Sheriff Roh.-rts and permission to „arado (ho street» had been obtain ,.,1 from Mayor ,\rtn.r Undue». When the progressives arrived at the Jail, Sheriff Roberts had the three prison-] ers in the corridor. ,J. It. Gipson, state ho then head-1 nen and turning to the ■fîentlemen. this is R. H. chairman of the party, .•d the crowd, shook hands of the thro others, said Sheridan, owner of the Capital News, This is c o. Broxon, who wrote the editorials, and this is A. R. Cruzen. who was contaminated through « lose asso ciation with the first two men." A lusty cheer w as given by the assembly atfer which each filed past the m nj shaking hands and speaking some word of cheer and comfort, to their comrades who are martyrs of the Progressive cause. Stirred to an even greater feeling their visit to the jail .and the brief visit with the prisoners, the conference re convened and unanimously passed thei following resolutions: Resolutions. I "Whereas, the Progressive national j t ommittee cli«l within three months ! prior to the last election, organize and establish a great party and conduct the most remarkable campaign of edu cation in the history of our nation, polling more than 4,000.000 votes and redeeming the nation from the curse party fealty, party corruption and thej rule of the corrupt party boas; "Whereas, the confidence of the j pie in the Progressive party and Rs peerless leader. Theodore Roosevelt., (Continued on Page Ten) Uttle Oft Mute Appeal Brings Pennies From Politicians "And a little child shall lead them," 1 became a reality yesterday afternoon when Margaret Broxon, the little daughter of C. O. Broxon, managing editor of the Capital News, was escort ed before the Progressive conference and a collection of $23 in pennies turn ed over to her by Chairman Gipson to add to the collection to pay her father's fine. When the sweet faced little child, led by one of the reporters of the Capital News, was taken into the Progressive meeting, silence fell over the room. Men who had been talking excitedly a few minutes before became quiet as the shy little girl was led to the chairman's table, where a big box of pennies was presented to her. As she looked at them her big brown eyes filled with tears and as they were handed to the reporter who accom panied her, she whispered and asked, "Isn't there pretty near enough there to got papa out of jail?" No one else heard the baby whisper, but as the reporter looked over the room, nearly every head was bowed, a number of handkerchiefs were out and it was evident that every man present felt a- sentiment too deep for VESSEL IS LOST WITH or CREW 36 Astoria, Ore., Jan. 7.— Tho oil steamer Rosecrans wont ashore on Peacock spit in ji terrific sea and 55-mile gale. Shortly before 11 o'clock the ship's hull sank from sight. Three men of the crew of 36 clung to the top mast which projected above the waves, it is believed all others perished. D seemed impossible that the three survivors could lie saved. FIVE ARE KILLED IN WRECK ON THE BIG FOUR ROAD j ! Interests Iron. Paris to San !• ranolnco, «Tected by tho -ont. inplated Demo '.ratio tariff revision, responded nt the I second hearing on the eliemleal scl.ed "le before the bouse ways and means committee. The hearing are to eon tl»»e until .Tan. 31. the time being divided between tile tariff schedules in sequence. Kach witness is allowed i >'* minutes for argument, followed by Lafayette, Jan. 7. ger train No. 15, cinnati to Chicago, miles east of this It Is reported that five persons wer killed. Orme body has been taken ou of the wreck. Forty persons are re ported to be seriously injured. — Big Four passen - enroute from Cin was wrecked nine ?ity this afternoon. TARIFF HEARING ON CHEMICAL SCHEDULE IS CONTINUED TODAY Washington, Jan. 7.—Manufacturing j 1 ; j : ; 1 | [ >r< ^ 88 xamination by the committe POUR ARE KILLED BY CAVE-IN AT MINE Bingham, Utah, Jan. 7.—A shift boss and three Greeks in the underground workings of tho United States Mining company were buried beneath a cave in today. The body of one Greek was recovered and rescuers axe digging for the others. No hope is entertain« d of any being rescued alive. TO COMPETE WITH THE PARCELS POST San Francisco, Jan. 7.—Direct com f1 petition between the Wells-Fargo Kx unpany and federal parcels post will go into effect as soon as ; plans which the company has been ma turing can be set afoot. Such was the statement of C. R. Graham, traffic manager, at a hearing before the state railroad commission. expression. The silence was intense and again the baby girl whispered with quivering lips, "Tell them thank you." In a whisper, the word was conveyed to the chairman, who in voice, choking with emotion, delivered the brief message. There was hardly a man present able to control himself. All who had the opportunity came forward and shook the little girl's hand and told her to be a brave little girl. Then In company with V\ D. Hannah, tho veteran pioneer of Canyon county and a prominent leader In the party, the reporter delegated to carry her pennies, she accompanied the delega tion to the steps of the court house, where pictures were taken after which the entire crowd visited the men in jail. Little Margaret wanted to see her papa. Shivering with cold, she paused when told she must now go hack to the office, and glanced toward the barred windows, where she knew he must be confined. Reluctantly she left the place, looking back frequently until the big red building was lost to view. She then hurried to the office and added the tig contribution to those I she had made two days previous. americanconsll AT BUDAPEST DIES VERY SUDDENLY Death Was Apparently Due to Natural Causes but Will Be Investigated by the Authorities. London, Jan. 7.—Paul Nash, United States consul general at Budapest, died suddenly at his hotel this morning. Although apparently death was due to • natural causes, an Inquest will he nee essarv as in all cases of sudden death. ; He was 35 years old and while consul in Venice married Baroness Ina May neri of Piedmont. HEARING ON BANKING AND CURRENCY BEGUN Washington, Jan. 7.—Seeking to ; evolve a new currency system plan to ; be recommended to congress as a sub- ; stitute for tho one proposed by the na- j tional monetary commission, the sub- ! committee of the house committee on hanking and currency today began a series of public hearings that probably will continue several weeks. Bankers ! and financial experts from all parts of the country have been invited to give ! their views. Among those examined j today was Leslie W. Shaw, former sec ret ary of the treasury. DEATH IS RESULT OF COLD AND EXPOSURE 8an Francisco, Jan. 7.—Huddled be hind a pile of frozen refuse, James Clark, stableman 46 years old, was today fourni dead from cold «and ex posure. Tho coroner's physician offi cially diagnosed the case death from bronchial pneumonia, caused by i cold. No similar death has been re-! corded In the history of San Francisco. | Clark was out of work, thinly clad and homeless, had crept Into a vacant lot ! last night to sleep. I - ----- - I Women Democrats Meet. j f roTn Washington, Jan. 7 —Women all over the United States gathered here today for the first annual meeting of the Women's National Democratic league, which was held. Five hundred delegates are in attendance. Speaker Champ Clark welcomed the visitors. PIANO SENT TO JAIL BY EILER'S HOUSE Ellers' Piano house is the latest contributor to help the men in a gloomy cell behind iron bars pass the time more quickly and this afternoon sur prised the trio of contempt pris oners by sending to the jail a modern and beautiful Filers' De Luxe piano-player. While the kind act was greatly appreciat ed hy Messrs. Sheridan. Brox on and Cruzen, still they re fused to permit the player to he placed in their cell, but in st «'ad had it put in the corridor, where all the prisoners could enjoy the music. e • e e e e e e e e • • FRUIT BELT OF CALIFORNIA Hope of Saving This Year's Crop Almost Abandoned GROWERS SUFFER THE LOSS OF MILLIONS Hundred Carloads of Oil and Other Fuel Used in Smudging—Damage Esti mated at From Ten to Thirty Million Dollars. • ture of 22. Los Angeles, Jan. 7.—Temperatures from four to six degrees lower than Sunday night were recorded last night, blasting the hopes of orange and lemon growers. It was admitted today that fruit losses will be extremely heavy. Estimates of damage ran from ten to thirty million dollars. Railroad freight officials figured that the orange and lemon crops would he from ten to twenty thousand carloads short. Nearly one hundred carloads of oil and other fuels was used In smudging last night. A number of orehardists last night quit trying to save their fruit. At San Bardlno the temperature was two degrees lower and the loss is es timated at $3,000,000. Riverside was the coldest spot of the citrus belt yesterday, with a tempera - Other temperatures were; San Diego, 28; Los Angeles. 28; Ox ; nard, 24; Santa Ana, 24. ; ; ; j ! ! ! j These were weather bureau figures but private thermometers Indicated that in Los Angeles, Pomona and sev eral other places it was much colder on «tree levels. W. A. Schaffer, a Pomona orange grower despaired of saving his crop and to save his trees, fought cold with cold He sprayed his trees with water, and although the sun was shining brightly at the time, the water im mediately froze, bedriding the trees with icicles and crystal studded net work of frost and ice. His orange grove made a winter scene that was much admired and photographed. Thirty Below at Miles City. Washington, Jan. 7.—Thirty below zero was registered at Miles City, Mont., this morning. The northeastern part of the country has temporary pro tection by the development of an area of high pressure but is due to feel the cold wave soon. Southern California is experiencing the coldest w'eather in 40 years. The temperature at San Diego was 28 this morning, the record for that point. At Pueblo, Colo., it was 22 below, Denver 18, Cheyenne 24, El Paso 6 above, Amarillo. Tex., 2 be low and freezing on the Mexican bor der. At St. Louis it was 22 above and Chicago 28 above. Chinook Wind Arrive*. Seattle. Jan. 7.—A Chinook wind, the coming of which has been dreaded by the railroads the last two weeks, has arrived. It is feared the 15 feet of snow on the mountain sides will melt and flood the country. The temperature has risen 10 to 20 degree* in Oregon and Washington and the railroads are i already suffering from the thaw. The Milwaukee and the Northern Pacific | trains are several hours late. Alaska reports high temperature. Sitka is 42 ! above. I - I No Relief at Salt Lake. j Salt Lake, Jan. 7.—Today dawned colder than yesterday and there seemed to be no immediate relief from the water famine resulting from frozen streams. Schools, big business and mercantile houses, and even the gen eral offices of the railroads, were closed because the water famine precludes heating the buildings. The city health department is taking precautions to prevent «an epidemic as the result of the unsanitary condition that prevails. Fires with no water to fight are also feared The mercury reached the low est mark at T a* m. when it fell to 2.3 degrees below zero. Switch engines on the Oregon Short Line are compelled to run to Farmington, 16 miles away, to get w ater for their boilers. In some parts of the city a little water can be obtained following the blasting of ice in the streams that supply the mains. Forty-one degrees below zero at Sco field was the lowest temperature re corded in Utah. Lodge Member* Oppose Rate Increase. Cedar Rapids, la., Jan. 7.—"Insur ! gent" members of the Modern Brother j hood of America met here today to plan a fight in the courts against the increased assessments recently decid I od upon by the head lodge of the or j «1er. It Is expected that the opposition j will conduct its fight along the same lines that resulted recently in a court j order restraining # the Modern Wood i men from raising their rates in Iowa.