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Evening capital news. (Boise, Idaho) 1901-1927, April 05, 1916, Image 10

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Senator Borah, in Letter to
Adjutant Gerilral, Ex
plains Opposition to Plan
in Army Bill.
To enlarge the powers of the nation
al guard under existing conditions
would be dangerous, not only because
of the abuse of the present power and
menace tp institutions of the country
hut because of the mixing of politics In
its affairs. That Is the opinion of Unit
ed States Senator William K. Borah of
Idaho. In a communication to Adjut
ant General P. H. Crow of the Second
infantry, Idaho National Guard, he
places himself squarely on record as
opposed to going to the vast expense
ot enlarging the guard with its pre
sent limited powers. Its present cost
of maintenance is 38,000,000 and it is
proposed to increase this to about 340,
000,000 or 360,000,000. This vast ex
pense is not warranted, in the opinion
of Senator Borah. To show the abuse
of the guard's police power he cites the.
famong West Virginia case. Figures
are given to show that the national
guard of this country has not a record
for attendance to drills, etc., that is
flattering. No reflection is cast on the
personnel of the guard.
Adjutant General Crow wired Sen
ator Borah some lime ago as follows;
"The national guard, one thousand
citizen soldiers, absolutely opposes
senate volunteer army scheme. Desire
you support national guard legislation.
People of our state are with us."
In reply to this telegTam, especially
the latter part, Senator Borah forward
ed the following communication which
has Just reached here;
Oppose National Guard Legislation.
"Washington, D. C„ March 30, 1916.
"P. H. Crow,
Adjutant General,
Boise, Idaho.
"My Dear General; *
"I have your telegram this day read
ing as follows; 'Senator W. E. Borah,
Washington, D. C. The National Guard
one thousand citizen soldiers absolutely
oppose senate volunteer army scheme,
Desire you support national guard leg-1
lslation, people of our state are with
us. P. H. Cron, adjutant general.' I
have given to this subject as much
time and consideration as it has been
possible to give it considering the null-!
titude of matters which we have hero
before us. I hare arrived at certain
conclusions which I feel I must follow
out in debate and in my vote. I agree
with the former part of your telegram
and am myself opposed to the senate
volunteer army scheme. As we are
agreed upon that I need not discuss it.
I seem to be wholly at a disagreement,
however, with you as to the proposed
national guard legislation. I am op
posed to It and shall do what I can to
defeat it, feeling that In doing so I am
serving the country. As the law with
reference to the national guard now
stands I have nothing at this time to
say. It is not before us. The matter
which we have to consider is the en
largement of the national guard and
building It up at a tremendous expense
to the government. At the present
time we are expending about eight mil
lion dollars a year upon the national
'guard. The bill as proposed by the
senate, according to the statement ot
the chairman yesterday, will enlarge
the expenditure to about forty or fifty
million dollars a year and the house bill
about sixty or seventy million dollars
a year. Whatever may be ssid as to
the present law and the national guard I
as It now exists under that law, much
which is conclusive to my mind can be
eald against enlarging and extending
Guard In Politics.
"This program of preparedness is
going to be an expensive one at best.
Every dollar ought to be made to
count. We ought to be certain beyond
all question that if we spend money it
will bring security and preparedness
to the country and to the people. To
put fifty millions a year In the nation
id guard and spending thereon in the
next 10 years five hundred minion dol
lars causes I ;
to «it down and cal
culate what the returns are to be and
I have concluded beyond question that
the returns will not be In accordance
with the amount expended.
I do not
True Value
Dresses of Unusual Charm
at $15, $17.50, $19.50
For Afternoon and Informal Wear
Continuing tomorrow, we offer values in new silk
dresses for Women and Misses that cannot be dupli
cated elsewhere for several dollars more.
For your
•inspection and selection we have near one hundred
dresses at these three prices—
In All the Popular Spring Shades
and there are no two alike; therefore, the choosing is
not limited to a few styles. Plenty of all sizes are in
this splendid showing—16 and on up to 44. The lat
est modes in taffeta, crepe de chine, crepe meteor and
combinations of taffeta and Georgette crepe. Take
time tomorrow—see them all—you're sure to find the
dress you like.
ABC Co., 212 N. 8th St.
To Remove Dandruff
Get a 21-cent bottle of Danderine at
any drug store, pour a little into your
hand and rub well into the scalp with
the finger tip«. By morning moat, If
not all, of this awful scurf will have
disappeared. Two or three' applica
tions will destroy every bit of dandruff;
stop scalp Itching and falling hair.
If, Little Stomach Is Sour,
Liver Torpid or Bowels
Mothers can rest easy after giving
"Caltforna Syrup of Pigs," because In
a few hours all the clogged-up waste,
sour bile and fermenting food gently
moves out of. the bowels and you have
ell, playful child again. Children
simply will not take the time from
play to empty their bowels, and they
become tightly packed, liver gets slug
gish and stomach disordered.
When cross, feverish, restless, see if
tongue is coated, then give this deli
cious "fruit laxative." Children love It,
and it can not cause Injury. No differ
ence what ails your little one—if full of
cold, or a sore throat, diarrhoea, stom
ach-ache, had breath, remember, a
gentle "inside cleansing" should al
ways be the first treatment given. Full
directions for babies, children of all
ages and grown-ups are printed on
each bottle.
Beware of counterfeit fig syrups.
Ask your druggist for a 50-cent bottle
of "California Syrup of Pigs," then
look carefully and see that* It Is made
by the "California Fig Syrup Com
pany." Wc make no smaller size.
Hand back with contempt any other fig
have with any other* great power. Un
der the constitution the appointment
of the officers and training is left en
tircly to the state and with very few
exceptions (Idaho of course being one)
these matters are controlled entirely by
politics. I have known in a number of
states the national guard to be an is
sue in state politics and Its disband
believe that the national guard can
ever be made an effective force in any
real contest
hich this nation might
onment a proposition upon which the
people were called in a political way
practically to pass. So long as that is
true, and It must always be true so
amended, we will have these organi
zations in effect practically controlled
by politics and they can never be sol
diers in any true sense of the term
while that la true. A Napoleon could
not effect anything like an efficient
fighting force under like circumstances.
1 am not reflecting upon the personnel
of the national guard but I maintain
that under our constitution and the
dollars a
the constitution remains un
laws it Is impossible ever to make
them anything except a state force of
local Importance as the framers of the
constitution Intended they should be.
Vast Expenditure Not Warranted.
"A number of years ago when the
Dick law was passed enlarging and
federalizing the national guard to a
certain extent it was estimated that it
would cost two and a half million dol
lars a year. It has already run up to
where it Is about eight million dollars
a year. In view of the experience of
the past it will cost a hundred million
year. Now, candidly, can I
be asked, In view of the past and of
the embarrassments owing to the con
stitution and the laws thrown around
the national guard, to vote for any
such expenditure? Ought you not to be
satisfied with the law as it Is and to
feel gratified that in view of the re
ports from
union that t
4 s
different states of the
law is not being threat
ened with repeal?
"There ts another reason why it Is
impossible for me to support this law.
The nutlonal guard at the present time
is the police force of the state. It Is
called out for the purpose of suppress
ing riots, etc. So long as that Is true
it will retard and embarrass enlist
ments and will accentuate the fact that
it is in the politics of the state. I
vor aeen a national guard
called Into » riot situation, ooming mi
I t doe« fron* -the body of the citizens of
the «täte«, that It did not carry with
It to the riot the coloring and senti
ment of the community from which it
waa called. It la natural and inevit
able that this should be so. They eith
er *0 there in sympathy with the riot
or they go there thoroughly prejudiced
«gainait the rioters, according to the
feeling of the oommunlty from which
they came.
Cites Famous Waat Virginia Osse.
"Two years ago I waa on a committee
to investigate the actlona of the na
tlonal guard with reference to the riot
lng In Went Virginia. I found upon
lnveatlgatlon that thle national guard
went to the scene of the riot as the
strongest kind of partisans; that that
partisanship and feeling was exhibited
in the most remarkable way. Among
other things, after the clubbin
shooting was bver, they arreste
dreds of rioters, Improvised a court
martiftl composed of the soldiers who
had been shooting at the working men
and tried these men before that kind
of a court and sentenced large num
bers of them In groups and bodies to
the penitentiary In violation of every
principle of American law, of common
justice and decent humanity. They did
this at a time when the courts were
open and when there was no reason
Why the question should not have been
tried before the court with a Ju/V. I
ask you to read a report which I made
upon this subject being senate report
No. 321, Sixty-third congress second
session. I observed at the time that al
most every national guard which took
any notice of this matter, either Indi
vidually or otherwise, seemed to ap
prove the conduct of the national guard
In West Virginia. I could only explain
it In one way and that was that these
men, given this tremendous power and
authority, with the local prejudices and
passions thoroughly aroused In them,
utterly lost their sense of justice and
the true conception of American insti
Figures Not Flattering..
"Now. so long as the constitution
and the laws Impose upon the national
guard this duty in the states, so long
I shall refuse to accentuate or enlarge
the membership or Its powers. I shall
do so first because I think It extremely
dangerous and a menace to our Institu
tions and second because I think such
attitude and such practices necessarily
involve the guard In the politics of the
state and thereby render them unfit
and inefficient for true soldiership.
There are many other reasons which I
might cite, some of which I expect to
refer to in debate, and I shall be glad
to send you a copy of my remarks. But
let me call your attention briefly to
some facts disclosed by the official re
ports of the war department with ref
erence to the national guard. The of
ficial reports show that in 191J, 664 of
ficers and 19,382 men were absent from
the annual inspection. During the year
1914 the average number of men ab
sent from each weekly drill was 63,201
or nearly 60 per cent. According to
the report of the war department there
Is now a total shortage of 31.362,761 of
property issued to the national guard
unaccounted for. There are other fea
tures of this report which I do not care
to quote but much more unpleasant
than the above. Now, shall we put In
at the rate of from fifty to seventy-five
million dollars a year additional upon
the theory that we are giving the peo
ple real preparedness.
What President Said of Guard.
"If you say to me that these facts
do not apply to the Idaho national
guard I do not enter upon a discussion
of that at all. I would gladly concede
It and take great pride In the fact if
It were estahllahed as a fact. But I
must take the reports ef the country as
a whole and I must ante for the coun
try as a whole In this situation, and
I know that the reports of the nation
al guard for the last 10 years would
not Justify any man who will care to
study these reports In going further In
this experiment
"I regret exceedingly to find myself
In disagreement with you. It Is un
pleasant because I have no reason to
doubt either the sincerity or public
spirit with which you urge this pro
position. But It Is a matter about
which I have very positive views. It
is up to me to vote. I am not by any
means sure tlw« if you were In my
place and had studied the matter from
a wholly disinterested standpoint not
being unconsciously controlled by your
relationship with the very splendid
body of men and taking the whole mat
ter into survey that you would not
vote precisely as I intend to vote.
"Let me in conclusion quote the lan
guage of the president In his speech
at New York, Jan. 27, 1916:
"'You know, gentlemen, that under
the constitution «of the United States
the national guard Is under the direc
tion of more than two score states;
that It Is not permitted to the nation
al government directly to have a voice
In its development and organisation;
and that only upon occasion of actual
Invasion has the president of the Unit
ed States any right to ask these men
to leave their respective states. I. for
my part, am afraid, thfeugh some gen
tlemen differ with me, that there is no
way In which that fierce can be made
a direct resource as a national reserve
under national authority.'
"It has been said In the house of re
presentatives that In this respect the
president has changed hlB mind. I do
not know that this is true but I am
sure he was right when he made the
above statement.
"Very respectfully,
Colds, running of nose, continued Ir
ritation of the mucous membrane If nfe
gleeted may mean Catarrh later. Don't
take the chances—do something for
your child! Children will not take ev
ery medicine, but they will take Dr.
King's New Discovery and without
bribing or teasing. It'« a sweet pleae
ant Tar Syrup and so effective. Just
laxative enough to eliminate the waste,
poisons. Almost the first dose helps.
Always prepared, no mixing or fussing, j
Just ask your druggist for Dr. King's
New Discovery. It will safeguard your
child against aertoua ailments result- j
lng from colda.
adv :
Fertilisera for lawns, garden, fields..
w. g. ft G. Co. Phone 323. 9th and
Garden, grass and field seeds. W. S.
& G. Oo. 9th and Grove. Phene 323. tf
House Keepers Week at The Golden Rule
Will be a Very Help ful Event for All Housewives Who Wish to Save Money '
on New Things for the Home
Good News for the Homemakers
From the Blanket Section
At the Producers' and Con
sumers' Demonstration of
Homo Producta
Tomorrow at 2 o'clock p. m.,
a demonstration of dried and
canned fruits will bo made.
This feature alone will make
It well worth while for you to
visit the home products display.
The displays are well worth see
ing and should be of much In
terest to every consumer.
The prizes*«f two '/i-barrel a of
Flour will bo awarded Thursday
for the best cake baked from
Wigwam and 8now Flaks flour.
Cakes must be In bafors 12
o'clock Thursday.
915 Main—Opposite Qolden Rule
—Re-elastic webbing of superior
lisle; black and white; 14 In. 3o
yd.; H in. 4o yd.; % to 14 in. fie
yd.; % in. to 1% In.,
a yard .
—Mercerized, flat hat elastic, silk
finish; black and white,
yard .
—Silk finished cord elastic; Q —
black and white, a yard ... wu
—High grade silver lined
thimbles; all sizes, each
—Nevo mending tissue; colors
black and brown;
package . ..
—Merso skirt binding; mercer
ised; black and white;
a bolt of 5 yards ......
—Lisle finish corset lacing;
fi-yard length, each .
We have over eight hundred blankets
In stock now for you to select from and
every one a splendid value. Lighter
bedding will be needed for spring—our
stock Is composed of blankets of Just
the right weights, qualities and above
all the right prices.
Just the finest kind of spring blan
kets for baby in heavy, pure cotton
with pink and blue borders; sizes 30
by 40 Inches.
EACH 69o '
It's a dandy for such a low pries—
real soft and good weight; size 46 by
72 Inches, In colors of gray or tan With
colored border.
EACH »1.19
Large size, 64 by 80-lnch, in pretty
gray or tan with attractive bor
der—a splendid weight for spring
and one of our best sellers.
11/4 size, measuring full 64 by
80 inches—a dandy, soft, heavy
nap blanket In gray or tan with
attractive wide colored borders.
You'll find this price will buy
a surprisingly good blanket here
—one of the finest quality blan
kets obtainable anywhere for the
price—size 64 by 76-lnch—edges
well bound—gray with pink or
blue borders.
Here Is a real luxurious, pure
cotton blanket; soft as can be
.. 5c
—Mutual hook and eye tape,
black or white; size 1 and
2 ; a yard...
—Garment fastener tape; guar
anteed non-rustable
snaps; a yard ......
—Climax all elastic sanitary
belts; large, medium and
small sizes, eaeh.
—Ply swatters, long handle,
bound edges, each..
—Corset clasps guaranteed rust
proof; sateen covered,
eacljlK .
—Grosgrain featherbone
silk, silli covered, a yard
—Naiad Bolero dress shield; all
sizes; shoulder strap,
—Nffiad net sleeve Bolero;
no rubber, washable, ea
—Clipper brand high grade steel
scissors, 5-inch 48c; 6
inch 65c, 7-Inch .
—Assorted hairpins, straight
or crimped; a cabinet .
—Extra quality black assorted
hairpins; price
a cabinet . . \
Bungalow Aprons Cfi
Each .... JVC
and good heavy weight; size 72
by 84-inch; comes III light and
dark gray with pretty colored
A full bed size comfort, well
filled with sanitary cotton and
covered with good quality silka
—Filled with nice white carded
cotton and closely quilted; large
size; covered with flowered sat
een with either flowered or plain
—Very large size comfort stuffed
good and full with fine white
carded cotton and covered with
excellent heavy sateen In at
tractive flowered pattern.
There are very few women who
do not recognize the utility and
convenience of a large
bungalow apron,
handy to slip on over your better
clothes and they always give one
Buch a spick and span appear
We have several styles In
pretty light and dark percales
and light ginghams. One style
buttons in the back, another
down the left front Others have
gathering on the belt at the
waist. Aprons of such fine maire
and quality are not to be found
elsewhere except for rnore money.
They're so
New White Voile
Best Kind, Double
Service House Dress
—Wellesley household cabinet of
188 Japanned hairpins and
12 golden, complete.
—Package of 26, Watson sharp
sewing needles; all sizes;
package .
—Handy case assorted needles;
80 to package;
price .
Harper's assorted needles In
folding case, includes darners
and bodkin ; complete
• •••
Simple, convenient and practical are the three factor« which
have made the B. K. Dress popular with its users.
This dress can be adjusted without the least bit of trouble by
the tabs which are on either side of the front panel, making it pos
sible to have fhe dress loose or tight as you desire. These tabs act
as the entire fastening device eff the garment which does away with
a lot of button's which break and come off in washing.
You may have a clean dreaa at a moment'a notice by simply
versing the front panels—the tabs do away with any gapping at the
aides when you stoop or sit down.
The B. K. reputation Is kept up by the fine quality materials
which are used and the workmanship is unsurpassed. When you
buy our double service dress you are getting the best to be had
regardless of price—they're dainty looking and fit perfectly.
I Cfil
0/7 Cloth, yard 20c
No woman can have too many
of these dainty voile waists for
spring and summer wear. We
feature 25 distinctly different
styles at this famous value giv
ing price which has been made
possible only by several years of
specializing on waists at this
The materials are splendid
quality voiles and the styles are
Just as dainty and pretty as can
be. The Inside seams are either
taped or French sewed making
them serviceable for all kinds of
Soma style* are aeml-tallored
while others are elaborately
trimmed with pretty embroidery
and lace. Low or convertible
cQllars, long sleeves.
We believe they're the best
values wo have offered in our 5
years of specializing on waioto
at this pries.
There's a eomplete stock of
Méritas guaranteed oilcloth for
you to select from in both dark
and medium shades, pop-,
ular small designs; a yard
Sanitaa,. the moat beautiful and
most satisfactory of all wall cov
erings. You'll find designs for
every room in the house; unus
ually attractive designs,
6-inch borders, a yard 8H«
12-inoh shelving, a yard 814c
—Window shades that will please
you in looks and service; a big
Une In olive or dark green at
lower prices than you wlU be
asked elsewhere.
—Ticking, staple and fancy pat
terns In all good qualities. This
material la suitable for porch
curtains and awnings;
price, a yard 29c, 25o and
Good Damask Priced Low
—No. 600—54-tnch full silver
bleached Damask with striped
and Grecian border,
a yard..
—70-Inch % bleached; Damask:
dice pattern; al our special
value price
HIAWATHA lump, *7.50; stove, *7;
nut. *6.60. Western S. G. Co. 9 ft Grove.
Sweet peas, every color and variety.
W. S. & G. Oo. 9th and Grove
Experienced piano movers. Comp
ton Transfer Co. Phone 48.—Adv. tf
The long looked for special MARY PICK
FORD feature will be shown at the ISIS three
days beginning tomorrow.
Mary Pickford
In the 7-act Paramount Master Piece
'Poor Little Peppina'
To those that are already admirers of little
Mary this will be a rare ti'eat. To those that
don't know her it will be a revelation as this is
her greatest achievement with no exceptions,
, y
Matinee 2 to 6
Price 5-10c
Evening 7-9-11
Adults 20c; Children 10c
CAUTION—Our capacity is limited so come
i f

Blue vitriol, formaldehyde for grain,
etc. W. S. ft G. Co., 9th and Grove, tf
Progressive Committee.
The Ada county Progressive com
mittee la hereby called to meet at Room
501, Empire Block, Boise, on Tues
day, April IX, 191», at 3 p. m., for the
purpose of arranging for primaries or
mass meetings to elect delegates to the
state convention, which meets at Boise
on April 22, 1916. ,
Republican Candidate for
Subject to Primaries,
See the New Spring
■at the—
Popular Prices
First Comer Gets a Snap
Who buys the on« piano advortisoa
oach Sunday by
«>7 IDAHO 8T.
»** our »168, »185, »198 Piano«.
Boats any »300 or »400 Planoa in the
Cityi-Why Pay More?
Pay Ua »6.00 a Month.

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