Newspaper Page Text
BEING IMPROVED BY SHORT LINE Tracks Being Extended and Water Works System Im proved—Much Building in Progress This Year. (Staff Correspondence.) Ontario, May 1.—The Oregon Short Line is making Important Improve ments ln the railroad yards here, in the way of extensions of side tracks, building new sidings, extending its own water system from the stock yards to the depot, etc. The sidetracks In the yards here are to be changed around ln a manner to accommodate more trains with a minimum expendi ture of time. The new sidings and ex tension of old sidings here will amount to several thousand feet in length, ac cording to reports received. New Residences. Some goqd building Improvements are being made here. Dr. R. O. Payne atarted excavating for a handsome new seven room bungalow to cost $3600. It will be strictly modern. Raver & Miller have the contract. A. Lachead ls building a modern seven room houee to cost about $2000. This ls the third house In this block that has been built by Mr. Lachead. One of them Is a modern apartment house, and one .s a modern residence. Mr. Lachead Is planning to build two more houses ln this block, ln the near future. H. L. Poorman, looal plumber, se cured the contract for plumbing and heating the new court house being built in Council. Mr. Poorman's bid was 82600. He expects to start work on this contract ln about 60 days. He also has a $300 plumbing contract for Tom Woodard's new residence being trailt ln Juntura. R. L. Adcock of Seattle bought a five-acre Advancement tract one mile west of Ontario for $225 per acre. The tract ls under cultivation. F. D. Klnyon of Seattle bought a 10 acre Advancement tract two miles southwest of Ontario for $260 per acre. The place ls being put into cultivation. Mrs. M. Leo opened a new cafe in the old Blue Front block and has named It the Short Line Cafe. Mr. and Mrs. U. A. Franklin last Friday celebrated their twenty-fifth wedding anniversary, having been married 25 years ago at Durango, Col orado. The Baptist ladies assisted in the celebration Friday evening, and a most enjoyable evening was spent. HOTEL ARRIVALS. IDANHA—Fred Tuttle, New York; R. E. Parker, Chicago; A. D. Grant. Mayfield; E. Miller, St. Louis; E. E. Doyle. St. Louis; J. E. Allen and wife, Salt Lake; G. Goodwin, Pocatello; J. Holland, Baker; J. McEloray and wife, Gooding; P. A. Stingel, Caldwell; Mrs. Susie Young Gates, Mrs. Elizabeth S. Wilson, Salt Lake; Mrs. J. Strachan, Soda Springs; M. B. Travis, Chicago; Jes R. Bird, Provdins; Glenn McCul lough. Standfleld; John Gusnold, Chi cago; J. A. Hunt, Payette; M. Merston, St. Paul; H. E. James, Helena; O. H. Todd. Seattle; Stanton Rorst, J. B. Snow, Mountain Home; T. H. Taylor, [Portland; H. Hall, Spokane; P. V. En jloe. Great Falls; Dr. Penhallegon, Glenns Ferry; L. A. Merrill and wife. Des Moines; E. B. Hanson, Ogden; R. IF. Graves, Salt Lake; L. Aulu, Chicago; |H. Wentworth, Barber; Jack Shelton, INompa. GRAND— E. J. Bartels. Salt Lake: C. W. Gamble and family. North Yakima; T. R. Miller and family, Caldwell; Joseph Burke. W. J. Reid, W. H. Quinn, Horseshoe Bend; Charles Rogers, Idaho City; C. ,T. Kelly and [wife, Jordan Valley; W. B. Barnes, SSmmett; J. B. Chattin, John Helgren, Mountain Home: Max Milner, Merid ian; B. A. Diesel, Omaha: Ad M. Si gnons, Ontario; A. C. Gallup, Placer [ville; N. S. Dlls; Pinehurst; S. B. Coen, Salt Lake; F. Dunlap, A. Mc Bride, Garden Valley; M. Morgan, Kansas City. BRISTOL—Don P. Young, Soldier; V. C. Brassey, Placerville; Clyde Rude, leorge R. Sweeney, Quartzburg; C. Searles, Salt Lake; J. W. Watkins, laid well; John D. Crooks, Salt Lake; like Lynch, St. Louiai Harold Lulles, 'he Dalles; D. W. Hamilton, Weiser; Ir. and Mrs. D. J. Howard and son, Ipokane; J". P. Boyles, Regena; B. H. Costenbach, Payette; Daisy Hinton, leatty; Florence Smith, Perkins; Jack i (T j j ; ; ■ Ashamed of her bad complexion If you, too, are embarrassed by ~a pimply, blotchy, unsightly com plexion, try Resinol Soap and Res inol Ointment regularly for a week and see if they do not beginto make a blessed difference in your skin. They also help make red, rough hands and arms soft and white. Ifesinol I tBdOtaftnent are sold by all drug-grists. For trial free, write to Dept. 20-K, Kesinoi, Baltimore. ** ♦+ S* * ♦ -# * * 4 > \ -ev 3 y. Now Remember U BAKING ROW hurry to your grocer's for a can of Calumet—learn your final and best lesson in baki —bake everything with Calu met that proved a failure with other Baking Powders. l $ t> mg J ,0T made bv the trusJ fALUME "This is the test which proves Calumet the surest, safest Baking Powder in the world—the most economical to buy and to use. My mother has used Calumet for years — and there's never a bake-day failure at our house." Received Highest Awards Nrui Cook Book Fret Set Slip in Pound Can m A i m HGPO»! baking POWOE Chicago J BAKING POWDER! What's What in Idaho Politics What ls a Republican? Ask the Statesman or the attorney general. "When thieves fall out what's the use. but The secretary state's morning organ and the Trib une at Pocatello seem to be taking care of that. of All of which goes to indicate that the specter of Teddy Roosevelt has already thrown the scare into a num ber of the shivering faithful within the Republican fold. When some politicians and their re actionary newspapers are asked to hump up and show a little progres siveness trouble can be expected. They are simply not built that way. • Apparently the Bull Moose ls still At least that Is the Impression gained judging from the disturbance going on in the Republican party. an animal to be feared. Even the Pence-Nugent-Elder boss ism machine is shying at the horned terror. Having steam-rollered most of the counties in the gtate for Elder dele gates this well oiled piece of mech anism got at least one jolt in the fact it was actually possible to hold a party primary. Canyon county seemed to Rogers, Nampa; Mr. and Mrs. T. Fay and family, Minneapolis; IV^rs. P. H. Stelzer, Reiser; W. S. Watson, Esta brook, Colo.; Jacob Donaldson and wife. Salt Lake; R. J. Givens and wife, Mountain Home; M. J. Higby, Pay ette; George Atkins, Butte; J. D, Dun ning, Butte; C. P. Simpson, Payette. WARNING TO BOYS WHO FREQUENT THE POOL HALLS. The police department Is receiving reports to the effect that boys under 18 years of age are frequenting pool halls ahd taking part in games, and the chief of police gives out the fol lowing statement, a statement similar to one made a short time ago dealing with the pool hall question involving boys under that age: "Reports are being received by the police department to the effect that boys under 18 years of age are making it a practice to go into pool halls and take part 'n games. Such a practice on the part of boys under that age is strictly in violation of law and the of ficers of (his department do not pro pose to let It continue. Those who op erate pool halls have a right and should demand to know the ages of an>' bovs entering their places of busi ness about which there appears to be any question in the matter, which no doubt most of the proprietors do. It is probable that some ot the boys under the law limit who enter pool halls mls inform those who conduct places of that character and therefore are wholly responsible for the infraction of the statute covering the question. How ever, the practice referred to above will have to stop." The name of David L. Evans of Ma-jrp ed ls suggested as the compromise national committeeman of the Demo cratic party at Pocatello. Many Dem ocrats believe that party harmony can best be acquired by selecting a third j nian who has not been involved in the fight that has been waged over na be the exception to the rule. It goes Without saying a primary is impossible with the machine. But it is only the little steamers that have been operating in the Dem ocratic party. Wait until the big rol ler is backed over the Pocatello con vention manned by the federal crowd under the captaincy of Pence-Nugent Elder, tional committeeman. I "Hopes for harmony in the Pocatello convention fade as the days go by and the arbitrary methods of the crowd become says the "Yet, sobej: minds in the party have not entirely abandoned the belief that when the time comes the sane and reasoning delegates will grapple with the situa tion, and bring order out of chaos." Nugent-Pence-Elder more strikingly manifest,'' Press-Times, Wallace. M. J. Sweeley, a prominent attorney of Twin Falls, has announced his can didacy for attorney general, subject to the will of the Republican primaries. Mr. Sweeley was a member of the sen ate from Twin Falls county, where he gained the title of "Silver Tongued i Orator." He was a candidate for lteu- ; tenant governor at the primaries later but failed to secure the nomination. Since 1906 he has been a resident of Twin Falls nnd has been closely iden tified with the development of that re markable city.' J. C. Lawrence, a well known pollti 1 leader, while at Moscow the other j day made this statement: "The senti- - ment throughout a great many states of the union portends to the nomlna tion of Colonel Theodore Roosevelt and when the Chicago convention convenes in June the situation * will have by that time become well advanced so that it will be known at once in which Candidate the strength of the party. wiU rest "1 am firm in the belief that Colonel Roosevelt's only purpose is to reunite the party, whether with himself as the presidential nominee or, some other equally progressive Republican. I had the pleasure of a talk with him in which I gleaned this opinion of his views. Roosevelt is more desirous of the Re publican nomination than he is for the reuniting of the party as a whole." Mr. Lawrence paid a high tribute to j the ability of Senator W. E. Borah of Idaho, whoYn he heard deliver an ad dress In the senate. He said that Sen ator Borah was more appreciated for his statesmanship away from home than he was at home and declared do not believe that Colonel I that ha was the "Jim Blaine of the Republican party of today." The S pokcsinan - Review of Spokane "Mr. Whltla brought with him ■ays: from Coeur d'Alene Informal announce ment of the candidacy of Circuit Judge R. N. Dunn of Coeur d'Alene for the supreme bench, to succeed Judge I. N. Sullivan, whose term expires. ! ij The unreliability of the morning paper in reporting the Twin Falls | convention is against shown in the fol lowing statement made by I,. F. Par sons, a Latah county delegate to the ; convention upon his return to Moscow: ■( "Press reports to the effect that the ! | Twin Falls convention was a Bull! Moose aggregation are erroneous.: There was no opportunity to fairly jj test the sentiment of the delegates.il hp name of R OOSPV elt was mentioned onIy twice. The first time when some- II onp sung parodies on Idaho political l| leaders, one paragraph being on Roose veIf "j t waa difficult to determine whether tile applause was due to the 1 n1f ntton of Roosevelt or to the popu j ar j ty of the'slngcr 1 ' Other members of the Latah deiega- il It is understood, however, that Judge Sul livan will bo a candidate for re-elec- I tion. "Judge Dunn, before removing to Kootenai county, was prosecuting at- j torney in Shoshone county." Can you name him? "He has always supported local op- ! tion or prohibition, the public utilities commission and other measures that have received the popular approval j and he ls now and has been since the proposition -was first heard, an earnest advocate of the more rapid sale of state lands. He has always been on the right side of every question that have come up for decision since he has been ln office." The Wood River Times at Halley says all this, and more, of Lieutenant Governor Herman H. Taylor. Appar ently the Times editor has forgotten that the present lieutenant governor has never been known as a dry, that he admitted when fighting tjie public utilities commission act before the senate that he was a paid attorney of one of the transcontinental rail roads passing through north Idaho. "I had a very gratifying trip ln every way," said George E. Crum, one of the numeroas Republican guberna torial candidates, speaking of his cam paign trip to southern Idaho. "My reception everywhere was most cor dial and I return home confident of se curing the nomination for governor at the coming primaries." The Benewah county central com mittee elected six delegates to the Democratic state convention to be held at Pocatello and Instructed them for Robert H. Elder for national commit teeman. The delegates so elected and instructed are C. R. Reynolds, Edward S. Elder, Jess Elliott. J. J. Nichols, A. A. Holsclaw, George Cornell. The committee on resolutions pre sented a set of resolutions which were unanimously adopted These resolu tions indorsed President Wilson and Governor Alexander in ringing tones. They also commended the services to the party of State Chairman Pence and National Committeeman Elder and In structed the delegates to vote for the re-election of Elder as national com mitteeman. The delegation was also Instructed to vote as a unit on all mat ters coming before the convention. "Roosevelt, Borah and Progressive ness.'' This is the slogan that the Wood River Times, one of the con servative Republican newspapers of south central Idaho, is flying at its masthead. "Monday, the 10th Inst.—two weeks ago—the Times put at the head of its first page the slogan, 'Roosevelt, Borah and Preparedness.' " srtys the Times. The same day it sent to Theodore Roosevelt the following telegram: "Roosevelt, Borah apd Adequate Preparedness should be the Republican rallying cry." Three days later—Thurs day, tlie 13th—the New York Tribune, yvhieh Has always been a leading Re publican newspaper, and which op posed Roosevelt in 1912, declared for him at this time because of the need of his vigorous Americanism." tion declared that the Borah sentiment for president was the sole topic of ln- j terest in the convention and but . for the expressed wish ÿf Senator Borah that no Instructions be given the dele gates to Chicago, the convention would have adopted such instructions. As it was Senator Borah was placed at the : head of the delegation and will be guided solely by his wishes. v | Colonel Theodore Roosevelt seems to be very popular among the Republl-4 cans over in the state of Washington, ln the presidential primaries In Spo kane county he outdistanced all conrtl dates, securing a lead of 727 votes over his nearest competitor, Justice Hughes. FINE FOR RHEUMATISM! fcflusterole Loosens Up Those Stifl Joints—Drives Out Pain You'll know why thousands use MUS once y° u experience the glad rc *?5* ^ 8f vcs * , a ^ ar once from the nearest store. It is a clean, white oint I nen jL ina( * C with the oil of mustard. Bet î^f *" al1 a mustard plaster and does not £ .ter. Brings ease and comfort while lt t tctmtd rvTfe - 0n , , , « "JUSTIER OLE is recommended bj ® oc ^ ors *tnd nurses. Millions of jars ar< * n, J ua ^y *p r Bronchitis, Croup Stiff Neck, Asthma, Neuralgia, Conges* U°"> ri Ti S3 t Lun ? b ?g° and Aches of the Back or Joints t.£F" nS t Bruises, Qui (lüften' ^prlvenU Pneumonfa) At your druggist's, in 25c and 50c jars and a special large hospital size for $2.SQ Be sure you get the genuine MUS TEROLE. Refuse imitations—get whal you ask for. The Musterole Company, Cleveland, Ohio. r I M SO THE IDAHO PUBLIC MAY KNOW A Little Light on the Demands of the Railway Trainmen for an Unwar ranted Increase in Pay Under the Guise of an Eight Hour Day. These Men are Now the Highest Paid Class of Labor in the United States. Some of the Many Fallacies in Their Arguments Exposed. N ORDER that the thinking people of Idaho may not be misinformed as to the merits of the pending wage controversy between the trainmen and the railroads, I consider it proper at this time to present some unvarnished facts. So many loose and inaccurate , statements have been made, to state the matter with the utmost forbearance, that it isJ difficult to deal patiently with the question. » 1 I A typical illustration of the inaccuracies being offered to the public is found in a recent advertisement in which the statement is madç that "when an engineer has drawn a check of' $263 and a conductor a check for $247 for a month's work, the railway may call attention to this, but neglect to say that these men worked 15 hours and 25 minutes every day in the month and secured most of their sleep in a box car caboose out along the line." The state ment is also made that "In other vocations a man can work at least 30 years—note the dif ference in railway work." This would be more important and more pathetic if it were true. There is not a train or engineman in the employ of the Oregon Short Line Railroad who works 15 hours and 25 minutes every day in the month or anything like that number of hours or days. Our passenger trainmen work on an average slightly less than 7)4 hours per day during each month. Freight crews work an average of less than twelve hours a day and for every hour over ten hours they receive overtime prorata. The present rate of compensation is on the basis of a ten-hour day; that is, the company pays miles or hours whichever is the great er. For example, should a train average less chan ten miles per hour, compensation would be upon that basis, overtime starting after the men had been on duty ten hours. On the other hand, should they cover a district of 167 miles, as on the territory between Hunting ton, Oregon, and Glenns Ferry, Idaho, in ten hours or less they would still be paid 167 miles, or 1 3-5 day for one day's work. The demand for an eight-hour basic day contemplates re quiring the railroads to pay their trainmen upon the basis of 12)4 miles per hour instead of ten, which would result in a 25 per cent increase, and in addition to this unwarranted demand they further desire to penalize the railroads by asking that time and one-half be paid for over time, which would mean an increase of 87)4 per cent for overtime. The statement that employes after years of faithful service are forced to depend upon charity for support could not have been made for consumption in Oregon Short Line terri tory. The people of Idaho know better. There is a Board of Pensions that meets every month and every month some faithful employes are awarded a pension that insures them from the acceptance of charity during the remainder of their days. There are several cases of this kind in Boise, the beneficiaries being men who are well known to the people. A re cent instance is that of Engineer Evan Williams, who after a service covering a period of 33 years, was recently retired on a pension. C. E. Heckman, who died in Boise last year, re tired on a pension after 24 years' service as engineer. Frank Olmstead is another Boise res ident who, after many years of service and who is still enjoying excellent health, is drawing a pension from his former employers. The statement made by the representatives of the employes that the age limit of enlployment on the rail roads is fixed at from 21 to 35 years is incomprehensible. A. very considerable percentage of our employes are over that, age, which fact is well known to the citizens of Idaho; indeed, many of our men continue physically fit until they reach the ripe age of 65 when,' under the rules of the company, they are pensioned. In order to protect the pension fund of the company against an excessive drain It is a rule, which rule, by the way, is dlstffmUy to the benefit of all our employes and not alom the les» than 20 per cent constituting those In train and engine service, not to hire inexperienced men over 35 years of age and those experienced over 45 years. On roads that have not created a pension fund and where the employes have no such protection against the adversities of old age, there are no restrictions as to age limit and in most such cases the men are complaining on account of its absence. The advertisement contains a further statement, "A hodcarrier receives 34.60 for eight hours—or about 56 cents an hour," which everyone knows is really ludicrous. If such compensation ever obtained the case was iso lated or the circumstances exceptional and the condition abnormal. Our passenger conductors, who are all pro moted from freight service, earn approximately 67 cents per hour. After the completion of each day's work they are freed of all responsibility, have nothing on their minds and have lay-over« at terminals ranging from 18 to 56 hours and 27 minutes. ^Thero is not another known line of industry where men have so much freedom for tion and attention to personal matters. I cannot in this connection refrain from calling attention of the public to tjie large number of employes in train and engine service on the Oregon Short Line who own their homes and are otherwise in very comfortable circumstances. Many of these men have devoted their Jives to our service and while so engaged have been able to accumulate a competency. In the statement of the employes attention Is directed to the hawrd of train service. Statistics show that railroad work is not as hazardous as many other lines of industry and while accidents occur, the Investigations to determine the cause and place the blame in the majority of oases show that they are due to human failures— disobedience of the rules or failure to use ordinary good Judgment. And In most Instances the party at fault had been on duty but a few hours. The public can rest assured that the reduction of accidents and greater safety cannot be accomplished by allowing certain favored employes to be paid for work not performed. Good, consci entious work has never brought unfavorable or fatal results. Accidents throughout the United States have been reduced and will continue to be reduced, but it will be brought about by employes realizing and assuming their responsibilities and discharging them faithfully and efficiently. The trainmen claim what they want is an Eight-Hour Day and that this will not result In. an Increase in cost of opera!ion to the railroads. This statement and the corelated conditions are sufficiently answered and explained by the Railway-Age Gazette In its issue of February 18th, as follows: "The struggle is, directly, one between the railways and the train service employes who constitute less than 20 per cent of the total number of railway employes. But indirectly, and in a much more real sense, it is a struggle between the 20 per cent cf railway employes who are the highest paid workingmen in America, and that 20 per cent of railway employes and of the public who are not as well paid. The statement that the other 80 per cent of railway employes are not us well paid as those in train service is only too easily demonstrable. The fur ther statement that,80 per cent of the public is not as well paid Is an estimate; but no man familiar with the incomes in general In this country will very strongly challenge it. "Why do we say the struggle Is directly, but mainly, one between the train service employes, and the other 20 per cent of railway employes and the other people of the country? If the proposed Increases in wages are made either they will not be, or will be, offset by increases in rates. To the extent that they are not thus offset they w111 make it extremely difficult, or even impossible, for the railways for years to come to Increase the wages of their other employes. To the extent that they are offset by incrcasos in passenger and freight rates the consum inK P"*» 110 wil1 P a M them. Who composes the consuming public? Is it made up entirely of capitalists and mil Honaires? It is composed of 100,000,000 people, most of whom are far from being millionaires. It is composed nftdnly of working people, farmers, small merchants, and salaried employes, and these are the people who ulti mate, y pay the bulk of any Increases in rates which are made necessary by increases in railway wages, " Now > iet us consider the comparative amounts of wages being paid to the train service employes, who num ,>or ln ,he f ntirr 1'nited States somewhat over 300.000, and to other railway employes, who are shout Tour and a hal * tlmPS as numerous. The numbers of the first-named class, their total compensation and the average wages por em P lo >' e in the fiscal year ended June 30, 1914, as shown by the statistics of the Interstate Commerce Com mission, were as follows: m recrea Annual Average Compensation Per Employe $1,771.50 1,037.48 . 1,633.03 1,023.20 Total Number . 61,365 . 64,335 . 47,621 .135,853 Engineers . Firemen . Conductors .... Other trainmen $108,727,032 «6.746,255 78,032,660 139,005,561 TOTAL 808.1 ri $387,611,608 $1,253 37 "Compare the foregoing statistics'with similar figures regarding the wages of general office clerks, station agents, other station men and section foremen. The figures for the latter class are as follows; Annual Averags Compensation Per Employe $ 75.429,665 31,341.367 109,134,046 84.390,180 Total Number . 87.106 . 89,147 .163,603 . 44,977 General office clerks.... Station agents . Other station men. Section foremen . $865.96 813.38 607.06 764.62 334,833 $260,795,288 , 1 8749.18 "There were 25,659 more of these employes than of those in train service; but they received $136,716.250 less The figures for station agents It will be seen that the average station little more than the average conductor, and almost Each of them earned less than the average fireman or brakeman. "Furthermore, the hours the train service employes work for a day's pay, and the number of days they work in a month do not average as much as those of station agents, other section men, section foremen and other employes. Practically no train service employe works more than 10 hours without overtime: thousands of them average less than eight, and even 6 or 4 hours, for a day's wage; and many of them earn their large pay while working only 20 to 25 days a month. The regular day of the section foreman is 10 hours, and he Is subject to call every day. day or night, without compensation for overtime. His responsibilities are certainly as great as those of any train service employe, because he is charged with the duty of keeping the track in safe condition, station agent also has long hours, and would any disinterested person familiar with the facts seriously contend that the amount of intelligence and energy required to oerform the duties of a station agent are not as great us the amount required to perform the duties of an engineer or conductor?" In the advertisement from which 1 have quoted the statement ls made "that a man working eight hours ls more efficient, does better work, and is In every way n better citizen than a man working longer hours"; also been stated that as much work will be done by railway employes in eight hours as is now accomplished in ten hours. A writer in the'Railway-Age Gazette of March 10th very truly says: "The railways derive their revenue, not from running trains, but from handling traffic. TOTAL, In wages. The figures for general office clerks include those for all chief clerks. Include those for agents at the largest as well as at the smaller stations, agent and the average section foreman combined earned only $200 less than the average engineer, It has ... But to reduce the loads of freight trains in order to run them faster, and thereby enable the train service employes to run 100 miles In eight hours, instead of ten hours, would necessarily reduce the number of ton miles moved In a day by each train and each train crew. Therefore, the employes would not move as much traffic In eight hours as ln ten; they would not 'do ten hours' work In eight hours." "Obviously; if each employe, on the average, produced fewer ton miles—handled leas traffic—for a day's wage, as would be the case under this plan, lt would be necessary to employ more men to handle the traffic. The result would necessarily be an Increase in the total wages paid and ln the operating expenses of the railways the amount of which would depend on the number of additional men that had to„be employed." As a matter of fact, the men do not want an actual eight-hour day; what they are after ls a basic eiglft-hour day. The trainmen's leaders some months ago were asked by a prominent periodical: "Would you favor and advocate acceptance by the members of your brotherhoods of an eight-hour day schedule which provided first that the mileage basis of compensation in railway train service should be abolished; and, second, that etght'hours should constitute the working day of all employes in such service? The adoption of these two provisions ls ab solutely necessary ln order to establish a real eight-hour day In railway train service." None of these gentlemen have made any reply to the question. E. E. CALVIN, Vice President Ö. S. L. R. R. -Adv.