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R EWflR DSnACED OVER RE ADS OF SLACKERS
«« • ••••••••••»•• American Radicals Demand Immediate Move to Bring War to End Leader in News and Advertising EVENING CAPITA lL ne ws LEASED ! WIRE Vol. XXXIX BOISE, IDAHO, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1917. No. 73 PEACE BUREAU ESTABLISHED BY U.S. DWINDLING AS THE WAR DRAWS ON Germany Now Has 6,800.000 Men in Service, Including Unincorporated Classes of 1919 and 1920. i Less Than Half of the Four- j teen Million Men Who ' Have Figured in Military Lists of Empire During j War Now Remain. GERMANY'S PRESENT MAN POW ER. I Soldiers at the front or in can- | tonments, 5,500,000. Soldiers at depots, constituting the reserve 600,000. fiasses of 1919 and 1920, still unincorporated. 700,000. Total 6.800,000. GERMANY'S LOST MAN POWER. Losses in the army through casualties. 4,000.000. Wounded under treatment but not yet capable of service, 300,000. German reservists in foreign countries (50.000 in the United States alone) 200,000. Hermans physically incapable of army service, 2.100,000. Employed in Indispensable in dustries 500,000. Total 7,100,000. By HENRY WOOD. CUnited Press Staff Correspondent.) With French Annies In the Field, Kept. 28.—Germanyetoday has 6 . 800.000 men as the "human material" with which to enforce her demand for "a. place in the sun." This is the "man power'' that re mains out of a total of 1 4.000,000 men who have figured on the German mill tar 7 lists and passed through the hands of Germany's military srbtters. Of the 6,800,000, approximately 5.500.000 are actually at the front and 600.000 more are in reserve. The re maining 700,000 constitute one of the greatest tragedies of the war. They are the boy soldiers of the classes of 1919 and 1920. They constitute the only re sources of "human material" on which Germany has to draw. They must fill tip losses in the German army which no manner allied offensives in progress normally total from 70.000 to 80,000 monthly. To date, however, the German gener al staff has not succeeded In Imposing on the German people its right to seize these youths before they are 18. Therefore this last drop of potential German manhood cannot pass into the army except in piecemeal lots, as the bogs attain the age of 18. INFORMATION ACCURATE. The figures cited herewith aie based upon the highest and most accurate sources of Information. From this sam" source it Is possible for the Unit ed Press today to detail this history of Germany's mobilization efforts. Before the war. the German army contained 51 divisions of 870,009 men. Mobilization at the declaration of war of all who had previous military train ing brought the total to 4.500,000. But these were insufficient. The Ersatz reserve. §00.004) strong, was mobilized of men whose physical con dition was a trifle under normal army standard. Thn the class of 1914 was railed out—450.000 men who became 20 years old in that year. CALL TO THE LANDSTRUM. In 1915. call for the first ban of the Landstrum yielded 1,100.000 men; the 1915 class another 450.000; a special call In September, for the remainder of Ihe Landstrum, 130,000 and an advance call for the 1916 class, 450,000. Still more men were wanted; therefore Ger many combed out 800,000 more by stringent examination of those pre ciously exempted. In 191«. the 1917 class was called out early—450,000 boys. 18 and 19 years old. Another combing process added 300.000 more and finally, in November, the 1918 class was called out—another 450.000. In 1917 the demand for human ma terial was still more pressing. An other squeezing process found 150.00« (Continued from Ptigc Two.) Terrific Losses by Germans in Recent Battles in Flanders London. Sept. 28.—"No slaugh ter of the Germans since the first battle of Ypres has been com parable to the terrific losses in flicted on the enemy in the last two battles around Zonnebeke, General F. B. Maurice, director of operations, asserted to the United Press today. "Since the end of July there has been practically one continu ous battle for possession of Zon nebeke ridge, which is the key to the whole system of Flanders ridges. The Germans are fight ing their hardest. "In our last two fights we gained all objectives with small losses. The enemy counter at tacked dozens of times, but were annihilated. "The Germans employed 75 per cent more divisions than we did." E GROWS MORE SERIOUS; ENGLAND CALLS ON U.S. London. Sept. 28.—The grave warning that the submarine situa tion is "extremely serious" was authorized this afternoon in a statement to the United Press by the ministry of shipping. "Britain calls on the United States to build at least six million tons yearly." the ministry urged. "Otherwise all war efforts may be futile. Sinkings since Feb. 1 equal all losses for the preceding period of the war—which is four and a half million tons. Frankly admitting that England has not yet achieved a shipping construction program which will equalize her losses through the submarine warfare. 1 *>rd Robert »'ecil, minister of blockade told the United Press this afternoon that "America aiding." it will be pos sible to beat the U-boats." "Supplies of munitions and food are maintained with the great est difficulty and at the barest minimum of safety,** Lord Cecil asserted. "At the present rate, the tier mans may destroy three hundred mors ships than are built by spring." "The question America fares Is whether she will be able to build enough ships to transport her troops without sacrificing the shipment of needed supplies. I believe she can—if her effort equals that of the allies.** PRESIDENT OF BANK SHOT AND KILLED BY OKLAHOMA LAWYER Oklahoma City, Okla.. Sept. 28.—Or ban C. Petterson, widely known crimi nal lawyer, shot and killed Sam Will iams. president of the Purcell Bank and Trust company. Purcell, Okla., to day. The shooting occurred before a large crowd of state fair visitors on one of the busy downtown street cor ners. and was the result of a feud of several years standing. Wade Williams, son of the dead man was charged some time ago with the killing of Patterson's father and also of Intimate relations with Patterson's sister. Patterson's sister ended her life for the charge. Patterson emptied his revolver, five shots striking Will iams who died instantly. Patterson surrendered to the police. HAIG'S REPORT London, Sept. 28.—German counter attack« continued with bitter drapera - lion laat night. Field Marshal Haig reported today. All were unaticceasful in a atorni of artillery, rifle and ma chine gun Are directed at them by British defenders of the positions won In the latest Ypres drive. "At Zonnebeke yesterday evening another hostile counter attack was broken up by our artillery, rifle and machine gun Are," Haig aald. "South of Tower hamlets and south of Poly gon wood, isolated strong points where the enemy was holding close to our new positions, were cleared up. "Southwest of Cherlsy we carried out a successful raid at night. Sev eral Germans were killed or captured without loss to us. "South 4( Lens the enemy artillery was considerably active at night." COL HOUSE AMERCA'S PEACE PLAN Bureau Established at Washington With the Per sonal Adviser of the Pres ident in Charge. i i Way Being Paved for Pre sentation of Proposals by United States When Rep resentatives of Warring j Nations Meet. ! Washington, Sept. 28. -Colonel E. M. ' J house, "silent partner" of President! Wilson, has been named to build the] basis of America's contentions before the world peace conference "some where, sometime in the future." Formal announcement was made by the state department today. Upon tlie shoulders of his quiet Texas friend, the president has placed once more a groat responsibility, gatherihg historical, commercial and geographical facts for this country's use at the ponce table. It has been long accepted that House would personally represent the presi dent at this conference. His new ap pointment-arranged when the presi dent recently visited him in New Eng land—clinches this belief. FOR A DEFINITE PLAN. It is the purpose c*f both to draft for the peace councils of the world n de finite plan, whereby the world may be made safe against further aggression. It is not the intrntlon of this country to interest herself in territorial ad ditions or subtractions in Europe -ex cept insofar as those changes are ne cessary to preserve future tranquility. The wishes of peoples in small states, buffeted about from nation to nation during wars of the last century, must be determined. The commercial re quirements and geographical needs of all must be studied before President Wilson draws his plan for future world peace, to be presented at the round table. SPOKESMAN FOR PRESIDENT. House has always worked with the president on grave International prob lems. Before America entered the war he toured the belligerent countries as spokesman for the president in an ef fort to keep America*« position clear. Colonel House will collect historical, commercial and geographical data such as England and France have been gathering for the past three years. This information is designed solely for use at the peace conference when that comes, but state department officials were careful to. indicate that the house appointment by no means indicates any peace negotiations are in prospect now. LIKENED TO LABOR STRIKE. They gave ns an Illustration of House's work the situation surround ing a railway strike. When it comes to a settlement, it was pointed out, the confère©« Are primed with facts on wag©«, working conditions, income and expenses. Similarly at the peace con ference, those participating will want to know all the facts attaching to ©v i ery subject which may arise. The d© ! pertinent declared officially that this government, is concerned with Euro pean territorial readjustments only to the extent of seeing that they shall b© such that the world hereafter shall be "safe for democracy.** Colonel House is not empowered now to go abroad or to sound out either the allies or the Teutons on the subject of peaè©. it was stated. The department said his work will be similar to that of a group of college professors and oth ers in England and France*who have been collecting information for the al lies ever since the war started. SPOKANE DEALERS CUT COAL PRICES I A dispatch from Spokane esys: Anticipating federal kctlon on the Io | cal prke of coal, Spokane dealer, held ! an Informal meeting and ordered an j cut of from 50 to 75 cents a ton on I local retail deliveries. The new prices will prevail until action is taken by I the Spokane branch of the. coal ad I ministration bureau now forming. WRY UNABLE TO REACH VERDICT IN THE KELLY CASE Eleven of the Jurors Voted for Acquittal and One for Conviction on Insanity Grounds. Red Oak. la.. Sept. 28. The jury trying Lyn George J. Kells, charged with the Vlllisca axe murders was dis charged at 1:30 this afternoon because it could not agree. Judge Boles order ed the dismissal after the jury had asked repeatedly to be discharged. The Jury stood 11 for «acquittal and one for conviction rn insanity grounds. After the discharge of the jury Kelly was taken to the jail at Logah. la., for safe keeping. As he was being taken through the court room and past the jurors he renia i ked that he should have been acquitted "because jf his health." PLEAS OF NOT GUILTY BY I. W. W. MEMBERS IN WALLACE COURT (Capital News Special Service.) Wallace. Ida.. Sept. 28.—Pleas of not guilty were entered in district court were entered in district court last evening by five I. W. W. members arrested upon c o m platnt of the prosecuting attorney. One member of the organization J. J. Mc Murphy, is charged with the crime of organizing a society to advocate the doctrine of criminal syndicalism and others. Elex Nelson, Swan Swanson. E. Dawson and Mike Carter with being members of such a society. James A. Wallace, an attorney from Missoula, has been engaged to defend defendants. Their trials will he set a ntsog &b# hi sc on tflfc O iAiRial dtwlfcet. The defendant's attorney announced he would file a demurrer to the complaint and a motion to quash and these mo tions will have to be disposed of be fore the case goes to trial. McMur phy, according to the complaint, was arrested at Burke In July while making a speech advocating membership in the I. W. \V.. which is cited as an or ganization to tench and advocate crime, sabotage, violence and unlawful methods of terrorism as a means of accomplishing Industrial reform. At the time of the 1. W. W. agita tion in the north, officials of Shoshone county nipped the movement in the bud and placed under arrest the men most, active in endeavoring to get members for the organization. YOUTHFUL WIFE OF SUKHOMLINOFF NOW REPENTS HER FOLLY Petrograd. Sept. .28.—Madame Suk homlinoff. the butterfly wife of the aged forrnçr minister of war on whose youthful whims and frivolities some of his friends blame his treachery to Russia, pleaded with the government today to send her to prison with her husband. The formal court trial ex onerated her from treason charges, hut found General Sukhomlinoff guilty, sentencing him to hard labor for life. Many of Sukhomlinoffs rormor as sociates in the regime testified that the minister's devotion to his wife and her extravagant follies plunged him head over heels into debt. It was need for money, they held, that caused him to succumb to German intrigue. Sukhomlinoff's appeal was before the court of cessation today. It may be some weeks before decision will be rendered. Meantime his frivolous wife has been transformed by revelations of her husband's payment of the price of her luxury into a devoted woman, determined to snare his punishment. General Sukhomlinoff is 63 years old. His wife is in the. twenties. DIFFICULT TO DRAW LINE ON FREEDOM OF PRESS SAYS WILSON New York, Sept. 28.— President Wil son explained his views on pres» re strictions In a letter to Max Eastman, editor of The Masses, made public to day. Eastman wrote a protest to Wil son when his paper was barred from the mails. "I think that a time of war must be regarded as exceptional," the president wrote. And "that It Is legitimate to regard things which would in ordinary circumstances be innocent, as very dangerous to tile public welfare, but the line is manifestly exceedingly hard to draw and I cannot say I have nny conAdence that 1 know how to draw It." "»MOKES" FOR THE NURSES. New York. Sept. 28.—"Smokes for the Red Cross nurses." Is the latest war slogan. The army and navy field comforts committee, at It's executive board meeting Tuesday, will take up the proposition of sending cigarettes to the girls behind the trenches. NO INQUIRY INTO TRUTH BY HEFLIN House Rules Committee De cides Against Investiga tion Into Use of German Funds in Congress. Charges Against Integrity of Certain Members With drawn—Similar Inquiry Under Way by Depart ment of Justice. Washington. Sept. '28.—Representa tive Heflin. Alabama, has withdrawn his charges against the integrity of certain congressmen. Chairman Pou. of the house rules committee, so de clared on the floor today, .announcing the decision of his committee against "slush fund" or Heflin investigations. Th» Alabamans' statemqftts, he ex plained, were made in the heat of de bate and since have been disavowed before the rules committee. "This proposed Investigation,' said Pou, "would pull the very props from under a similar investigtion which the department of Justice is now conduct ing. When that is finished, the $50, 000 slush fund will not be a drop in the bucket." IMMUNITY SOUGHT. Representative Campbell, Republi can leader of the committee added that certain persons already had sought to testify before a. house com mittee in return for immunity in the department of justice investigation. Representative Cooper, Wisconsin, showed that Heflin had 'made his orig inal speech in *he midst of the debate on potassium fertilizer. "If there is .any man 1 detest." said Cooper, "it is the man who slanders another and then seeks to prevent an investigation of the truth of his state ments." Heflin arose as if to reply, hut was restrained by friends. REFLECTION ON INTEGRITY. Representative Britten who was mentioned yesterday hv Heflin as dis loyal. demanded to know if the com mittee had decided that a "reflection on a member's disloyalty is not a re flection on his integrity." Pou repeated the committee did not want to interfere with an investigation into Germun propaganda which will "send some one to the penitentiary.' 1 , j I j i | I i I LAST MINUTE NEWS HAYWOOD AND OTHER I. W. W. ARRESTED. Chicago Sept. 28.--William Haywood, international secretary of the T. W. W and about 35 other men believed to be members and officials of that nt gunlzat Ion, were brought into the federal building under arrest shortly after 4 o'clock this afternoon. FUSION MANAGERS CONCEDE DEFEAT OF MITCHEL. New York, Sept. 28.—Grand j-Jiy Investigation of the primary election in New York was made cel lain today, as a recount of ballots gave William S. Bennett su;h a lead over John Purroy Mltchel ns the Republican candidate for mayor that fusion managers unofficially conceded Mitchel had been defeated. STORM SWEEPS ENTIRE MISSISSIPPI COAST. • New Orleans, La.. Sept. 28.—The entire Mississippi con-st from tVavelnnd to Scanton, was being swept by a hurricane at 2;30 o'clock this afternoon, ac cording to telephone advices reaching here. The wind varied from 40 to 90 miles an hour. Eleven Ashing boats with crews of 45 were unaccounted for up to mid-afternoon and grave fears were felt Tor their safety. PERSONAL ENCOUNTER ON FLOOR OF HOUSE. Washington, Kept. 28.—Bitterness over the Heflin Insinuations of disloyalty In tne houso reached a climax this afternoon when Representatives Heflin and Norton, North Dakota, engaged in a personal encounter. Norton asked per mission to discuss the house rules committee decision not to press an investi gation of Heflin's charges when the Alabaman objected. Immediately Norton strode over to the tatter's seat, seized him by the shoulders and shook him. Other members of the house and the sergeant-at-arms rushed to the scene and the two struggling members were separated. Heflin retired to the Demo cratic smoking room. Norton hastily left the flodr. BUTTE SLACKERS CANNOT ESCAPE. Butte. Sept. 28.—No' one of Butte's slackers will escape punishment. Every deserter, every one of the city's drafted men who have mysteriously dropped from slgAt will be placed under arrest. This today was tile announced stand of the Butte exemption board. Of the second quota alone, over a score have not yet appeared, although the quota left for Camp Lewis, Tacomn, Sun Ida) night. A number of arrests have already been made. PEACE QUESTION UPPERMOST IN THE MIND OF AUSTRIA Liberals Introduce Resolu tion Demanding Appoint ment of Committee to Dis cuss Way to- End War. Zurich, Sept. 28.—Austrian liberals are determined to force the peace question to a practical and decisive plane, according to dispatches receiv ed here today. In a resolution introduced in the Vienna reichrat. the Liberals demand the appointment of a committee to dis cuss quickest possible way of bringing the world, war to an end. The resolution offered on the eve of German Chancellor Michaelis' ap pearance before the main committee of the reichstag to discuss aspects of Germany's war aims, is considered sig nificant as a hint to Germany, that Austria-Hungary is growing impatient of the German government's discus sion of the question, as well as en couragement to the reichstag block which put through the "no conquests'' peace resolution at the last session. The Vienne Arbiter Zeitung, organ of Victor Adler, leader of the Social ists in the Austrian parliament, edi torially said. "The nation has had enough of suffering and vacillating peace notes dictated by hatred and German Imperialism." HAND OF THE I. W. W. SEEN IN STRIKE ON CHICAGO BELT LINE Chicago. Sept. 28.—Committee rep resenting the strikers and employes to meet here today In an effort to set tle the differences which resulted in the walkout of 850 switchmen employ ed by the Elgin, Joliet, and Eastern railroad in Gary, South Chicago and Joliet, early yesterday. The big steel mills In the cities af fected. which are working on govern ment orders, face complete shut down unless the strike Is called off within a day or two. The tin and sheet iron works of the American Sheet and Iron Plate company, in Gary closed down last night through Inability to obtain coke for it's furnaces. Several fur naces in South Chicago also were banked. The strike called in direct opposi tion to instructions from union lead ers. ostensibly was for a wage increase approximating 50 per cent. At a meeting in Joliet, last night at which trainmen refused to join the strikers, it was intimated, however, that the trouble had been fomented by members of the I. W. W. Officials of the Brotherhood of Rail way Trainmen, of which many of the strikers are members, have ordered the men to return to work under pen alty of suspension from the union. POLICE AND*FIRE COMMISSIONER OF FORT WORTH SHOT Fort Worth. Tex., Sept. 28.—C. Ed ward Parsley, police and fire commis sioner. was shot and killed at his desk in the city hall late this afternoon by .1. K. Yates, former city detective. Yates barricaded himself in an inner office but the door was forced by Po lice Chief Montgomery and other of ficers who riddled Yates with bullets. BE PAID LOR ARREST OF DESERTERS Adjutant General's Depart ment Officially Notified $50 Paid for Delivery ol Slackers. Stringent Regulation Ap plies to All Persons Who Failed to Report When Called for New Army:—All to Be Rounded Up. The registered men who failed to re port for physical examination to theli respective county boards and after be ing so notified failed to report to Ad jutant Oeneral C. 8. Moody of this state, ore certified to the adjutant general of the war department as de serters and for every one of them whe is delivered to the authorities at th< nearest array camp, the government will pay a reward of $50. Official notification to this effe.'t was received by the state adjutant general's department from Provost Marshal Crowder. All authorities as well as Individuals are asked to Join In the man hunt and bring Into reach of the law those men who are classed as slackers sad deserters, having been regularly drawn for military service and deliberately failed to respond when called. In the state of Idaho there are sev eral hundred of three men. The Capi tal News has published several lists a* certified by the adjutant general. A number o fthose listed have Joined the army, navy or Idaho regiment, bu* have failed to claim an exemption thereby. The result Is that the adju tant general has received no oCfkdal notification of their enlistment They sre the exception, however. Bsnreral hundred other registered men have helther Joined the army or navy nor hav they reported when called under the draft. REWARD NOTICE. The adjutant general's department today Issued the following notioe re garding the war for deserter* to all county exemption boards: , The following telegram from the pro vost marshal general onder date .if Sept. 27, 1917, is quoted for your Infor mation and it is requested that you give it as wide a publicity as possible: "A reward of $50 ts payable for the delivery at the nearest army camp or post of a deserter. This reward is in full satisfaction of all expenses In curred in said dejivery. A person who fails to report to his lobal board for military service at the time specified in his honor to report is a deserter. A person who falls to report for mili tary service to the. adjutant general of the state by the date specified in the order of the adjutant general to said persons is a deserter. It is highly de ■ strahle from every standpoint that an effort now be made to round up all persons who are delinquent in repr-t ing for military service It is thought that If the fact of reward Is given ths widest publicity we shall have a great force of police officers and even of In dividuals interested in bringing suck delinquents under military control. If after such persons are brought to a military authority It appears to ths military authority that their delin quency is not wilful, they will be for warded to mobilization camp and their local board will be given credit. If it appears that the delinquency was wil ful they will be prosecuted before courtmartlaj as deserters. In elthei case the reward is payable. "CHARLES S. MOODT. "Adjutant General of Idaho." A IR AI 11 II Forecast for Boise and vicinity: FAIR TONIGHT AND SATURDAY. For Idaho: Tonight and Saturday fair. Highest temperature yesterday, 73. lowest temperature this morning, II, mean temperuture yesterday, 61.