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ITALIANS HALT INVADING TEUTONS
,"\ . / * ' '
• « » « « ft • • • ft • ft ft ft ft ft ft
Bolsheviki Radicals in Full Control of Government at Petrograd
Leads in News,
VT ry d a dtt \ T 1
[\br LArliAL J
BOÏSE, IDAHO, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1917.
Italian Rear Guard Effect
ively Hampering Teutons
While Cadorna Estab
lished New Positions.
Berlin Reports That the
Livenza Has Been Crossed
and Rear Guard Over
come, but Rome Advices
Tell Different Story.
HOLD BACK THE ENEMY.
Home, Nov. 9.—"Our troops con
tinue to arrive at positions already
chosen," declared today s war of
fice statement. "The resistance of
our rear guards and covering units
is holding back the enemy."
Washington, Nov. 9.—The Italian
fear guard is effectively and valiantly
delaying the Teuton advance, accord
ing to Rome cables today. By furious
counter attacks. General I>igiorgio's
troops are protecting General Ca
dorna's retreat from the Tagliamento
and the Liven/.a rtvers.
ADVANCE GOES ON
BERLIN, NOV. 9.—THE LIVENZA
HAS BEEN CROSSED AND THE
ITALIAN REAR ■ GUARDS OVER
COME. DECLARED THE WAR OF
"WE ARE CEASELESSLY AD
VANCING ALONG THE MOUNTAIN
ROADS AND THE PLAIN TOWARD,
TROOPS OF ALLIES
TURNING THE TIDE
London, Nov. 9.—Arrival of British
and French troops, Ray, confident and
sure of themselves, has had a tremend
ously stimulating effect on the Ital
ian fighters, according to a dlspdtch
today from Reuters correspondent at
General Cadornas headquarters.
AT ITALIAN FRONT
Home, Nov. 9. — Premier Lloyd
George and other British officials
were at the Italian front, today, visit
ing the king of Italy and Inspecting
Franco-British troops sent to rein
force General Cadornas men.
Official announcements today said
that a dozen bridges over the Livenza
river had been blown up and that the
fighting line now extended over a front
of scarcely 30 miles.
Paris, Nov. 9. — German attack*
against Lechaume wood In lorraine
and in the Arracourt sector, wrere all
repulsed by French troops, the war of
fic reported today. The I-echsume
Wood attack was the most violent of
♦he attempts, being preceded by a
heavy artillery bombardment, hut the
enemy here, as At other places on the
line, was thrown back with very heavy
losses In dead, wounded and prisoners.
French troops successfully carried
out raids In the JVrgonne, on the left
bank of the Maule, and In upper Al
sace, around the Sepois region.
LAST MINUTE NEWS
CONDITIONS IN FINLAND DESCRIBED AS DESPERATE.
Copenhagen Nov. 9.—Finland's position today Is desperate and her out
look hopeless according to an appeal «ent President Wilson today by Professor
Wendt. The whole nation, he declared, approaches the winter In a state of
AMERICAN MISSION PURELY WAR MISSION.
London. Nov. 9.—The British press exulted today In Secretary Lansing's
announcement that the American mission is a war mission and nothing else.
« QUEEN TURNS APARTMENTS OVER TO REFUGEES.
Rome. Nov. 9.—-Queen Elena today placed her apartments In the Qulrinal
palace at-the disposal of refugee children from invaded Italy.
AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRIES COMMITTEE NAMED.
Washington. Nov. 9.— TH* automobil* Industrial committee to co-operat*
with the war Industries board in cutting production of pleasure cars and
turning plants over to government war work was completed today with these
members: Alfred Reeves, Detroit, chairman; Hugh Chalmers, Detroit; John
*L Lee. of th* Ford company, and A. w. Copland, Detroit.
t - Ï -
ON FRENCH FRONT
First Lient. De Vere H. Harden.
RST Lieutenant De Vere H.
Harden of the signal corps, the
first American officer wound
ed in France, is at the present
moment about as well satis
fied as any man in the war. He is a
native of Burlington, Vt. He, is now
lying comfortably In bed in the John
Hopkins base hospital with his right
knee swathed in bandages after a
slight operation to remove fragments
of a German shell which tore through
a muscle and slightly cut a bone. He
will be up and about again in a few
weeks, probably without even a limp,
to show his distinction.
Harden is a six footer with an ex
pansive smile. His face is typically
American, square Jawed and clear
TO SUPPORT THE
CAUSE OF WOMEN
Wilson Asked to Abandon
His Opposition to the Sub
mission of a Federal Suf
Washington, Nov. 9.—With New
York state won to their cause leading
suffragists called on President Wilson
today with a request that he throw
the "same determined aid" to their na
tional campaign as he did to the state
Those who presented their case were
Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, Dr. Anna
Howard Shaw and representatives of
the women of Ohio and Indiana.
They declare a situation which "per
mits women in New York to vote, but
denies It to those of Indiana and Ohio."
unjust and tnequal: and asked Presi
dent Wilson If he could not now aban
don his stand that suffrage must be
won by states.
TO HUNGER STRIKERS
Washington, Nov. 9.—Four forcible
feedings have been administered to the
two suffrage hunger strikers up to this
afternoon. Relatives of Alice Paul
served notice on Jail Superintendent
Zlnkham that if she died as a result
of her treatment for picketing the
White House he would "have to answer
for her murder."
Denying that the two suffragists re
sisted feeding, Zlnkham said they "took
it like little lambs."
Dudley B'ield Malone, former New
York port collector, hastened here to
champion their cause and seek Presi
dent Wilson's aid.
Germans Have Not Yet Re
covered From the Stag
gering Blow Administered
Documents on Captured Of
ficers Show How Hinden- ;
burg Had Given Orders to
Recapture Town — Held
By "WILLIAM PHILLIP SIMMS.
With the British Armies in Flanders,
Xo\'. 9.—Crown Prince Rupprecht of
Bavaria today had not yet recovered
from the tremendous punch just ad
ministered by British troops in the
capture of Passchendaele. There have
been no counter attacks to date. Ap
parently Tuesday's blow left the ene
my too groggy.
From documents on captured offi
cers, however, it was learned Hinden
burg has issued orders that he must
have Passchendaele back. Compliance
with counter attack orders was expect
Meantime Canadians are confidently
sojourning in the village.
HAIG S REPORT.
London, Nov. 9.—A successful raid
carried out by British^troops to the
east of Hargicourt was all Field Mar
shal Haig reported from the British
CHANGES TO BE MADE
IN THE COUNCIL OF
"Washington, Nov. 9.—The numerous
subordinate committees of the council
of national defense including some of
the loading business men of the coun
try in their membership, will soon be
dissolved and eliminated from the gov
ernment service. In making this an
nouncement this afternoon, Director
Gifford stated that arrangements have
been made to perform their duties
through the war industries hoard and
committees representing all industries
essential to the government war sup
MRS. DE SAULLËS
FIGHTING FOR SON
Mineola, N. Y„ Nov. 9.—Mrs. Bianca
De SSaulles is fighting todnv to keep
her son. Jack De Saulles, five, from
being delivered to the custody of
Charles A. H. De Saulles, her dead
Mrs. De Saulles killed her husband
In a quarrel over the boy. She. goes to
trial for murder Nov. 14. In her peti
tion to the court, she declared Charles
A. H. De Saulles unfit to have charge
of her child—that his only home Is a
New York apartment where certain
things happened that led to the divorce
of John L. De Saulles, the husband.
It is expected more light will he
thrown on these episodes at the De
Saulles murder trial.
CITY BOYS TO HELP
HARVEST THE CROPS
Chicago, Nov. 9.—City-bred boy* will
be. used to help harvest next year's
Camps to Instruct members of the
boys' working re'serve In farming will
be established as the first move to en
list nn army of workers for harvesting
next year, officials of that organisation
decided here today.
Volunteers, unfamiliar with farming,
will be aent to the camps for two weeks
and then jobs as farm handa will be
found for them.
Officials decided to start a campaign
♦o enlist 25,099 boys between 18 and
21 years old for farm worker« next
MINERS STOPPING .WORK.
Washington. Nov. 9.— Many anthra
cite miners are stopping work as a re
sult In delay at arriving at a wage In
crease In the joint conference her*,
according to miners reports today.
Instead of agreement last night as
delegates predicted, differences arose
over the term« of the new wage seal*
making a a*tUemeat unlikely for sev
Fall of Kerensky
Will Prolong the
London, Nov. 9.—Kerensky's
fall at Petrograd means indefi
nite prolongation of the war, ac
cording to the belief of the Lon
don press today.
It means also, In the belief of
editorial writers, that henceforth
a heavier burden Is saddled on
the United States and the allies.
The seemingly Inevitable civil
war was held to mean further
disorganization, permitting with
drawal of more German troops
from the Russian front—if not
A majority of the London press
made no concealment of its pes
simism regarding Lenine and
Trotsky, the two figures now In
control at Petrograd. Both are
regarded as entirely pro-German
in sympathy. Hope was ex
pressed that their movement was
superficial and confined to Petro
grad alone, but the situation
was regarded as gloomy.
HOPEFUL VIEW OF
IN THIS COUNTRY
Director of Russian Infor
mation Bureau Believes
New u-overnment Will Be
Formed at Moscow. !
Memphis, Tenn., Nov. 9.-Russia will,
establish a new provisional govern- 1
ment within a few days, probably at!
Moscow—one that will receive thei°^
support of the nation.
This was the prediction today of A. j
J. Sack, director of the Russian bu- 1
reau of Information, Washington, D.
C., who told the United Press that !
_ , • , ■
Russia would be commanded under ]
this new regime by all the progressive
forces of the country.
"With the MRximillsts In control of
Petrograd, we have at present in Rus
sia a situation somewhat similar to
the situation In March, 1917," said
Sack. "We had then a Petrograd full
of pro-German Intrigues, somehow In
clined to separate peace and the en
tire country, including the best ele
ments of Petrograd itself, had revolt
ed and established a people's govern
ment which recognized as one of Its
main tasks th# prosecution of the war
until the military clique In Germany
"Now, as then, the idea of separate
peace is unbearable for the Russian
mind. We will share the burden of
this war with our allies till the end.
"Everyone In Russia, outside of a
few fanatic« an^J their following of
provocaturs and German spies, real
izes that — Russia would come to a
separate pence and two and a half
million Teutonic troops would be re
leased for the western frotU and the
democratic allies of Russia would
weaken, then finally the hordes of the
German emperor would turn to u*.
would break our freedom—the freedom
for which the country has paid such
sacrifice—and would re-establish In
our country that which is so sympa
thetic to the German hearts—auto
GOVERNMENT AT MOSCOW.
"If Petrograd be really taken by the
Maximalists, then we tnay expect that
a national government, a new provi
sional (government! will be established
at Moscow In the course of a few
days and at Its command will be all]
the progressive forces of Rusais.
"It must be emphasized that the
Maxlmlllats In their pro-German ac
tivities do not have any influence
even among the laboring classes. The
Petrograd council of workAen and
soldiers delegates which is now under,
the Influence of Ihe Bolsheviki does
not represent the entire working class'
in Russia, as Petrograd does not re-'
Pr D^ nt a " .u . J
"W. may predict that our .rmjr re-H
organised will actually participate In
the allied operations next spring."
Forecast for Boise and vicinity:
PAIR AND GOLD TONIGHT; SAT
For Idaho: Tonight and Saturday, i
fair; colder tonight southeast portion. |
Highest temperature yesetrday, 80; 1
lowest temperature this morning, 38; I
mean temperature yesterday, 43. |
Kerensky Still Has Support
of Country; Only the Capital
Controlled By New Regime
Situation Parallel to That After Fall
of the Czar With One Faction
Governing at Petrograd add Another
in the Rest of the Country—Arrest
of Kerensky Reported.
STOCKHOLM. NOV. 9.—ARREST OF PREMIER KERENSKY OF
RUSSIA WAS REPORTED IN MESSAGES RECEIVED HERE TO
DAY. NO DETAILS WERE GIVEN OB' HOW THE BOLSHEVIKI
SUfX'EB'.DED IN APPREHENDING THE HEAD OF THE PROVIS
* London, Nov. 9.—Russia is back again where she was
last March. Bolsheviki fanatics, extreme radicals who
burn to make the world at once a brotherhood, who are set
against all wars, who believe in uttermost democracy, to
day seemed to control all Petrograd, the capital
, Premier Kerensky, and vvliat remains of the machinery
of the provisional government, apparently still has the
support of the remainder of the country.
like first revolution.
The situation was regarded tyere ns
precisely parallel to the first few days
! folIowln * lh ' r ° vo |y tlon y " h "; h
czar Wa."l upset. Then it was Lvoff,
! Miliukoff and other liberals who first I
seiled the outward 8ym bols of gov
1 erument In Petrograd, while the old!
regime clung to the power In the i
thei°^ er P ar ^ 8 Russia,
, The danger as London saw it to
day, was that Lenine, lrotsky and his
j fellow fanatics of the Bolsheviki would
1 be able to* extend thei
outrol beyond I
Petrograd nnd sway Russia's peasant j
! P°P u ' at l° n ' Ignorant of the utopian ;
■ Idealism of the- Bolsheviki, to their
] glde |
Kerensky was reported to have
caped the rebels in Petrograd. He was j
reported seen en route to Moscow. It,
was believed here that he would name
that city the capital and there en
deavor to consolidate all Russia against
the usurping group at Petrograd.
The Bolshevlki-bontrolled cable
agency announced that the foreign
minister, Tereschenko, Minister of
Commerce Konovaloff. Minister of Pub
lic Relief Kiskin, Minister of Justice
Maliantovitch and Minister of the In
terior Nikitin, had all been arrested
by the new revolutionary governing
council at Petrograd. Other provisional
government officials were detained.
Lenine. a radical fanatic whose ener
gies have-always been regarded as di
rected from Berlin, is firmly seated In
power at Petrograd by the new revo
lution. Leo Trotsky, his co-partner in
the coup by which the Bolsheviki
overthrew control in the capital, has
likewise come under suspicion as dom
inated by the Germans. Because of
this the fear is felt here that In pur
suance of their crazy scheme of re
storing peace to the whole world—or.
possibly in pursuance of plans of the
German officials who hold Lenine.
Trotsky and others In power—the Bol
sheviki would open the way to Petro
grad to a German fleet and German re
inforcement to their forces. ,
PLANS CAREFULLY MADE.
Heretofore the Bolsheviki have
shown great strength only In the larger
cities like Petrograd and Moscow.
The sentiment elsewhere throughout;^
Russia for the faction has been negll
gible. The Petrograd council (Soviet)
of workmen and soldiers has always
been overwhelmingly Bolsheviki. But
the all-Rpsslau council of workmen
and soldiers, nn organization of all the
councils, has heretofore been
Attention was called
. .. ., ,, i
anti-Bolshevlkl. Attention was called
here today in connection with the Bo-,
ahevikt claim of endorsement by ^1»
all-Russian body of then- revo t, thnt
only 20 « members out,of the full roster,
, of 590 members were present. The
nllm ber , * significant, It was stated,!
H)n< ., 260 ,» exactly the strength of the I
Bo ig h evlki force« heretofore shown
t body> The j, rninite and Trotsky
J supporters, therefore laid their plans
having only tried nnd true
Bolsheviki members In attendance.
CIVIL WAR CERTAIN.
Civil WHr 1» certain in Russia but
i country faces a winter of horror,
| | t waa the belief that the Bolshevtkl
1 r , volt WO uld develop some liberal,
I , _ _____ B --------
| (Continued on Page Two.)
whether the war would be confined to
Petrograd, or would rend the whole na
tlon. could not be predicted.
In the meantime dread winter is fast
coming to ctose 11« Icy grip over the
nation. With the government utterly
disorganised, Petrograd cut off from
the rest of the nation, the whole pop-1
ulatlon aligned Into two groups and no
organisation for handltng»of food or of
supplies and industry paralysed, the
BY REPORT KERENSKY
iWILL KEEP UP BATTLE
Washington, Nov. 9.—The Russian
I embassy was tremendously encouraged
j by the United Press report from Pet
; ro g ra j that the Kerensky government
! . , . , ,
| was taking a stand against the Bolshe
j The embassy regarded as "highly Im
probable" the Stockholm report that
] Kerensky had been arrested,
! 'This Is t'he first direct report of
an encouraging nature we have had
DEEP ANXIETY SHOWN.
Greater American war measures and !
deep anxiety over all Russia's attitude i
toward the Petrograd revolt were the ]
principal official developments here
today from Kerenaky'a deposition and ,
flight. Russia was officially regarded j
through with offensive fighting '
from Petrograd, " said Secretary Sook
lne of the embassy, "and the Stockholm
rumor must be considered as unau
thentic and highly Improbable."
Sookine said he was still without of
ficial advices from the provisional
government, and that fact alone gave
the embassy concern.
The embassy reiterated Jhat It was
their belief the defection was purely
local and confined to the Petrograd
Boldiera and workmen's council.
A report of the refusal by two eoa
sack regiments to obey the provisional
governments orders, does not Impair
Kerensky's authority seriously, slated
against Germany for some time.
Official hope that the situation Is not
as dark as the Maximalist reports from
Petrograd painted It. Is based on the
hope 0 f Rugging active assistance
j affDjnst Q ermany until tha Slavs' lnter
nit) pro biems are settled definitely,
absence of demands for a separate
peace and Kerensky's strength outside !
of Petrograd. However. If the Bol - I
shevlki's platform is taken up by the ;
entire nation and the army at the ]
front, officials admit there will ba Ut- j
KERENSKY TO BLAME. |
; Kerensky's hesitancy in applying the
j mailfd flg( to the ex)r€ . m , radlca i s lB
blamed for the present chaos.
, Apprehension among entente dlplo
1 maU „ fh[U Ru „, a may prove a aourca
f th tf) Germany ca8 * , h e
] Irfnln e-Trot.ky coup succeeds. Every
;hour they control the
means added opportunlty for Ger .
(Continued on Page Two.)
What Russian Factions Stand For
MAXIMALISTS—The party Instating on immediate institution of the
'maximum program." of extreme socialism—division of oil property among tha
, people, equal distribution of riches, government by conventions of tho
i BOLSHEVIKI Maximalists raised to Ihe N-th degree, who add to the
■ Maximalist program the demand for internationalism, brotherhood of mini no
j.wars, no armies, no navies. The closest thing to them In the United States
, I« the T. W. W. The party^iaa grown up since the Russian revolution and many
| of its lenders formerly reeided in the United Stales.
SOCIALIST -Kerensky's party. Subscribers to general socialist ideals,
1 but recognising the necessity of o change made gradually and not antagonistic
! to occasional use of anti-socialist means to greater reform.'
i SOCIAL-DEM OCR ATS- Party best typified by Profeasor Paul N. Mlllu
| kluff and Prince Lvoff, two of th# leaders In the revolt which Overthrew tha
czar. They are the Bull Moose paVty workers of R.iSala.
There are score» of other minor parti«« in Russia, nil being branche* of
these and Including Minimalists (as near the reaOtlonartea as Russia'«
ocracy now permits), and soldlara' partira
Petrograd, Not. 9.— Petrograd ta al
most normal today with the new revo
lutionary government In full control
and maintaining practically completo
Change from Kerensky provisional
government to the new Bolsheviki
regime was accomplished practically
The women's battalion of death,
charged by the old government with
defense of the winter palace, held out
to the last and only surrendered when
literally overwhelmed by the Bolsheviki
troops and menaced by enough guns to
blow up the whole palace.
FORCED TO GIVE UP.
For four hours the women, as
sisted by a few other troops loyal to
KerenBky, bitterly fought off all ad
vances. Then the cruiser Aurora was
brought up the Neva and her great
gun« trained on the defenders. They
were forced to give up the unequal
Kerensky's escape from the Maxi
malists was due to the fact that he left
Petrograd on Wednesday for the. frönt
The former premier had anticipated a
clash with the Bolsheviki and had de
tached a number of units to com# to
the capital. He was enroute to meat
these troops when ha received word of
the Bolsheviki sucoesa and Immediately
fled toward Moscow. -
NEW OFFICIALS BUSY.
Tha Srnolny Institute, adopted as
headquarters by the new government,
presented a scene of extraordinary
animation today a* th* now officials
bent to their tasks.
Nicholal Lanina's reapp*nrwno* was
greeted with cheer* by hi* follower*.
Many orders were Issued to th* troop*
today and the "red" soldiers nr* ex
pected promptly to execute them.
KERENSKY AT CATCHINA.
Tha all-Russtan council announced
todny that Kerensky's last appearane*
! was at Catchlna, near Petrograd on
i Wednesday when the former premier
] addressed 8000 soldiers and persuaded
them not to march on to Petrograd,
, President Trotsky of tho Petrograd
j soviet, stated that tha new regime pro
' posed to try all members of tho Ker
enalcy government on the eharg* that
they were conspirators In tha Kornlloff
The Soviet's military committee to
<j ay decided to Imprison General Kornll
! e ff «„d others not In sympathy with Its
I program In the fortress of Saint Peter
; and p au )
] ---- _.
j CALL3 THE TREATMENT OR'
New York, Nov. 9.—"Barbarous and
Inhuman" treatment of Alice Paul and
| R°*® Winslow, suffragists, who hav*
b ® en ' forcibly fed In jail at Washlng
ton was protested against today by
Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont of the national
woman's party In a. telegram to Presi
She declared that "even murderenf*
were privileged to buy special foods
from the prison store as the suffragists
desire to do and asserted "this latest
persecution by the administration la
causing dangerous popular revolt."