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Great Britain and France
Object to Making Revised
Statement on War Aims
of the Allies.
United States Not Discour
aged in Ffforts to Secure
Showdown — On Record
Against Territorial Gamb
ling as Result of War.
* By CARL. D. GROAT.
Washington, Nov. 26.—That Eng
land and France are balking at making
a revised statement o t war alms and
at publishing any secret war treaties
was hinted In authoritative quarters
today. This, however, has not dis
oouraged the United States govern
ment In its desire to have such a
showdown, though the Paris lntor-al
Hed conference may not deal with the
Publication of Russian state docu
ments, showing that secret diplomacy
prooeeds, gave Impetus to American
hopes for a frank statement. These
documents revealed that Russia was
to have her say In the peace council as
to alignment of the eastern frontier
and France was to be arbiter on the
ADJUSTMENT OF TERRITORY.
The American position la that no
ene nation should have the right to
dictate with respect to boundary lines
on the long front. The United States
holds that the war should continue
only as long as to make democracy
safo, that Hohcnsollemlsm cannot run
rampant over the world at will. While
adjustment of territory Is a vital point
In giving freedom and safety to the
world, tbto government.feels that there,'
should be hb undue territorial grab
bing, no serving of selfish ambitions.
All the powers should agree on how far
the struggle should continue to serve
the single aim of world democracy.
The Russian secret treaties thus far
have reached here only In paraphrased
press reports. It Is anticipated, how
ever, that the Nauen (Germany) wire
less will see to It that the full texts
are spread broadcast and this govern
ment will listen for them at both Say
ville and Arlington stations. Whether
It Intends to give further publication
to them Is not revealed, but It may
use them as an argument for baring
secret diplomacy and letting the people
know where the struggle leads.
MOST VITAL WEEK
OF THE ENTIRE WAR
London. Nov. 26.—The most vital
Week of the war began today. On the
outcome of events In the next seven
days may depend whether the allies
shall triumph before the spring of
1919 or the war drag further along.
This week marks the first really
practical determined effort at general
■nlftcatlon, co-ordination and inten
sification of allied war making to cope
»•1th Germany's advantages of geo
graphical location and super-central
The new Interallied conference will
Inaugurate this effort. President Wil
son's wise counsel, expressed through
bis delegates—Colonel E. M. House
and General Tasker H. Bliss—Is re
garded by officials as likely to be of
the utmost value In the preliminary
work toward linking the allies Into
•ns vast war machina.
AMERICA'S GREAT INFLUENCE.
The American mission has had a
far reaching effect on allied plana.
Both British and French officials have
been profoundly Impressed with the
•nçrgy, the far sightedness, the com
plète unselfishness of America's part
In the war as evidenced by these com
mlsdfoners. Their work has served to
emphasize to a remarkable degree the
weighty part the United States Is
henceforth to play not only In the ac
tual warring but In the councils of the
allied powers. The voice of America
both In the Inter allied conference and
In the Paris supreme war council
meeting, will be a powerful one.
The Initial meetings of the allied
representatives will be for discussion
of mifltarÿ* matters. First of all. there
Will be a critical, merciless examina
tion of the weak spots In the allied
war machine. There will be the most
minute search for waste. Unneces
sary and wasteful effort, overlapping
and interference are to be eliminated.
PLANS FOR FUTURE.
Secondly, come plans for the future
conduct of the war on the basis of a
■ingle front. The Ideal sought is a
delicately balanced piece of machinery,
capable of the most 'rapid execution
of all co-ordinated pirns which may
be dictated by changing conditions.
Later, as part of "the war measures"
of the allies, will come America's po
tent urging of war alms.
The collapse of the Russian Bolsha
vlkl armistice plan. Indications of a
return to reason throughout that
stricken country, great progress in the
"second political offensive" In Ger
many—all combine to make, Ameri
ca's stand for such inter-allied-state
ment of war alms a "military meas
r of the utmost Importance.
■ - • ^ • -e. r-r ,
SKETCHED AT THE DE SAULLES TRIAL
Jjjsn ci D.F Manninç
► V i
fhwurtrt Fqp tke oeft«<*
The sketches made by Artist Morris,
Capital News cartoonist. In the little
courtroom at Mineola, L. I., during the
first day of the trial of Mrs. Blancs
De Saulles for the killing of her young
husband, John Longer De Saulles,
show the chief characters In the pro
ceedings that now have the attention
of the whole country. Mrs. De Saulles
has been attended by an elderly com
panion, Mrs. Seaman. The sketches
also show Mrs. De Saulles' attorney,
Horry A. Uterhardt, District Attorney
Charles R. Weeks, Justice David F.
Manning and several of the first jury
men to be qualified.
(Continued from Page One.)
ni uear, leaving her alone to entertain
'> ,e •' ra " ger at dinner, and take him to
na ,nea J: er '
Mrs. De Saulles nearly altoays re
ferred to her former husband merely
as "De Saulles." She declared that her
mother-in-law asked her to assist In
making De Saulles drop the compan
ionship of the Duke of Manchester.
This was after the elder Mrs. De
Saulles had seen an article in Town
Topics describing the house parties
staged by De Saillies and the duke, in
which a celebrated Broadway dancer,
name not given, became so exuberant
that she dived off the pier.
Mrs. De Saulles identified a check
for 216,060 she had given her former
husband In Aug. 1913.
Uterhard exhibited checks totaling
more than $16,000 given De Saulles In
"FUNNY LOOKINK GIRLS."
"One afternoon I was on Mr. Heck
sher's motor boat," Mrs. De Saulles
told the Jury, "I saw De Saulles on
the Duke of Manchester's yacht with
many funny looking girls."
She sold De Saulles sold her auto
mobile and pocketed the money.
Uterhart exhibited checks totaling
Town Topics describing a racy house
party Da Saulles and the Duke of
"When I Baw that I felt terribly
scandalized," the witness said.
"In London I found a card he had
from a woman living in a fast quarter
of the city. 1 was shocked. He told
mi the woman was crazy about him
and bad often kissed him."
READY FOR BITTER FIGHT.
District Attorney Weeks was ready
for a bitter fight against some of this
testimony. He Is preparing for a gruel
"I will not spare Mrs. De Saulles,"
Another fight was in sight over the
Intention of Defense Counsel Uterhart
to read to the Jury all testimony taken
In the De Saulles divorce case.
Before coming to court today Mr*.
De Saulles put In her orders for a full
Thanksgiving dinner for every one of
the 76 prisoners in Nassau county Jail.
BIG CROWD IN COURT.
A big crowd was in court, many of
the men behind the spectators' railing
being In khaki—soldiers from Camp
Mills and the Mineola aviation camp
Mrs. De Saulles spent Sunday in bed,
resting for today's nerve-wracking
test. Hsr physician declared she was
very weak und that she might collapse
on the stand.
A capacity crowd that Included many
society women was In the court room
when Mrs. De Saulles took the wit
ness stand. Mrs. Reginald Vanderbilt
was among the spectators. The pretty
defendant bowed to the jury and
smiled when she entered the room.
Attorney Uterhart. her counsel,
opened the questioning of Idrs. De
Saulles. She replied In a low, soft
voice, with a slight accent. She
looked like a school girl, answering
questions In class. ^
She began by describing her meet
ing with De Saulles In February, 19ll.
"He wanted to marry me." she
TELL8 OF MARRIAGE.
And then she told of her marriage
to the ex-Yale football star In Paris.
"that picture of me." ehe said "was
token the day before our wedding."
She told how De Saullea continual
ly demanded money of }>er after their
marriage. Da Saullea, aha said, bought
her a revolver for her protection while
he wus away on a political campaign.
Uterhart produced a revolver and
handed it to Mrs. De Saulles for Jfien
tlflcatlon. She refused to take It,
shuddered, and turned away.
Mrs. De Saulles then described her
husband's neglect of her In south
Bethlehem after their child was born.
HOME ONLY WEEK ENDS.
"He was home only for week ends,"
she said. "It wasn't very nice."
In Washington, she said, her hus
band showed her a picture of an act
ress with "love to Jack" Inscribed on
Uterhart read the Jury a letter Mrs.
De Saulles wrote her husband from
"I feci so lonely now, precious," she
wrote. "I don't know what tp do.
Take care of yourself, darling, and
may God grant you success. Love and
kisses. Your devoted Dada-glrl."
Uterhart read many letters filled
with endearing terms Imploring De
Saulles to return home. She called
De Saulles "Dada-boy" and sweet
(Continued from Page One.)
vlnced that the best Interests of the
country will be served by the liquida
tion of these companies under the di
rection of their American management
and subject to such regulations as the
secretary of the treasury may from
time to time prescribe.
"As the liquidation of the life in
surance companies Involved may work
an Injustice to policy holders and as
the Information accessible to such
companies cannot benefit the enemy
because of the character of thç busi
ness and Its inconsiderable propor
tions, these companies for the present
will be allowed to continue existing
The secretary's order refusing
licenses under the enemy trading law
"The business of all Insurance com
panies Incorporated under the laws of
enemy or ally of enemy countries is to
l>e liquidated with the exception of life
Insurance companies which are allowed
to continue existing contracts.
"The license under which the man
agers are allowed to liquidate the af
fairs of these companies provides for
the control and supervision of all fi
nancial transactions by the alien pro
(Continued from Page One.)
the Russians. An armistice, there
fore. which would prevent mutual of
fensives, would certainly not bo dis
advantageous to the Russians. In
practical effect, it would be little
more than a continuation of the mili
tary policy that became operative In
Russia some time before the outbreak
of the revolution.
ARMY CANNOT BE FED.
The military maxim that an army
moves on Its stomach has nowhere
been better demonstrated than at
present In Russia. As long as the
Russian . troops cannot be properly
fed It is Idle to expect satisfactory
work of them. The esar couldn't
properly feed them, nor have the vari
ous revolutionary governments been
able to do any better.
The possibility exits, however, that
If the Russians could safety abandon
With the Italian Armies, Nov. 26.—
The crucial battle across tho 11 mile
gap between tha Brenta and the Plave
river* was swinging In Italy's favor to
The fighting i* Indescribably bitter.
The armies have been locked In a
death grapple almost continuously for
days. The Italians are not only win
ning defensively, but in the past 4S
hours have assumed the offensive.
Their great guns have pourod an al
most ceaseless rain of shells on the
German and Austrian lines.
HEAVY L088ES BY ENEMY.
In two weeks It Is estimated the ene
my has lost 60,000 men and so far
there has been no dtmunitlon In his
attacks. Re -inforcement after re-ln
forcement has been hurried up and
flung Into the line.
One ridge In the moutainous line
changed hands three times yesterday,
its rocky contour literully blasted
away by the terrific artillery fire of
Italian aviators fluttering close over
the enemy's lines have performed won
derful service In locating German and
Austrian batteries. Their ranging has
given the Italian guns an opportunity
for deadly accurate shooting. Over one
position behind a ridge today Italian
troops swarmed over to discover many
of the enemy guns blasted out of their
emplacements. No effort la made to
disguise the fact that the situation
for Italy In the enemy's drive Is still
serious but the morale of the army,
officers and men Is probably the best
it ever bos been during the war and
the utmost confidence is expressed of
all strategic problems for the time be
ing. without throwing their lines open
to the Austro-Germans, they might be
able to discover a method of resum
ing, In part, the normal movement of
Should this occur, there Is a good
chance that a well fed Slav army will
be automatically created and will form
the nucleus for a rejuvenated fighting
spirit In Russia.
SERIOUS RISK FOR KAISER.
The Russian situation, therefore, Is
not one for despair. The kaiser will
take s' serious risk If he accepts any
offer fr'om the Bolshevtkl that will
give the Russian soldiers an oppor
tunity to recover their morale. The
Bolshevtkl leaders might will find
themselves without followers when the
hunger period of tha revolution 1*
past. Give the Russian troops an op
portunity to ftilnk of something be
side their empty stomachs and their
thoughts may turn to the time of the
French revolutionary period, when the
French people successfully fought
nearly all Europe with one hand while
conducting their revolution with the
The Thanksgiving Holiday
is a red letter day in the record of the
home—calls the spirit 4>f goodwill, fel
lowship, merrymaking ana inestimable
pleasures of the palate.
NEW—ALL NEW. The choicest selection of
the world's good things here. Especially the
fine supply of quality poultry, fat and plump.
TURKEYS, DUCKS, GEESE, ROASTING
CHICKENS, FRYS, HENS.
Y ou can be sure of getting here everything that
you need to make your dinner a success.
CLAMS, FRESH VEGE
TABLES, FRUITS, THE
W. J. Campbell
committee of vice presidents, headed
by A. W. Thompson of the Baltimore
and Ohio, met here today to unify the
eastern war transportation arteries.
The pooling of equipment on the east
ern lines with the radical interchange
of men. power and trackage, was to
be worked out by the committee lu
conjunction with the railroads' board.
Which railroads actually were to bo
brought Into the new efficiency schema
remained to be decided. It was likely
that the Pennsylvania, the Baltimore
and Ohio, the New York Central, the
Western Maryland and one or two
other war trafflo lines would at ohee
be directed to pool their oars and re
port on congested traffic conditions.
ONE DELICATE QUESTION.
Which roads shall be denied high
class freight and which will accept low
rate freight was a delicate question to
be acted upon.
The vloe presidents will consider
means of Immediately subornatlng
transportation of non-war commodi
ties. An appeal to the public also to
curtail passenger travel for pleasure
also Is expected.
Further elimination of parallel and
duplication qervlce la certain.
If. however, the committee falls to
find a solution for the traffic burden,
government officials are prepared to
ask President Wilson for a transporta
tion "dictator" with power to set aside
all hampering statutes and run tho
railroads for the war.
FOURTEEN SUGGESTIONS TO
New Tork, Nov. 26. —Elisha Lee will
be chairman of the committee to di
rect rallroa'ds east of Chicago In the
government's re-organisation plan, ab
cording to railroad men from Chicago.
here on their way to Washington to
The railroads war board has added
14 suggestions for Increasing rail ef
ficiency taring the war. Use of motor
trucks and trolley lines for short hauls
Is encouraged. It was suggested that
one method of speeding war trans
portation may bo to turn over one line
for freight hauls only, while another
line handles Ha th rough passenger ser
PATENTS TO IDAHO INVENTORS.
(Capital News Special Service)
Washington, Nov. 26.—The following
patents have been granted to Idaho
Inventors: Rldhard Goaeett, Moscow,
adjustable seat; Carl Johnson, Mullen,
bottle seal; 81mm McDaniel, Payette,
truck loader and unloader; George A.
Rember, Halley, assignor of one-half
to F. Fator, adjustable deck for stock
cars; Stephen M. Smith, Boise, block
hook, salvaging apparatus, fruit picker
nnd hauling apparatus.
IDAHO HEN ABE
COMMISSI 0 NED
List of Successful Applicants
Attending Training School
at Presidio Officially An
Boise Secures Seven of the
Commissions in Infantry
and Artillery—Men Prom
inent Over the State Are
COMMISSION FOR 1100.
San Francisco, Nov. 26.—Eleven
hundred men, newly colbmlssloned
as officers In Uncle Sam's mili
tary forces, will take the oath of .
office and receive their orders at
the Presidio tomorrow, thus bring
ing to an end the second presidio
reserve officers' training camp.
Although all orders to the men are
secret. It Is understood that most
of them will be sent to Camp
Lewis. Tacoma. Wash., where the
draft army of the Paciflo coast
states Is being trained. ~
Many well known Idaho men who
for the past three months have been
undergoing strenuous training at Pre
sidio, San Francisco, wsr* successful
In securing commissions at the second
officers' training camp. Colonel O. W.
B. Farr today formally authqrlzed an
nouncement of tbe names of candidates
in attendance at the school who were
commissioned.. Included In the list are
no |eu than from Bo1m on the
active list or J. J.' Honan. Jamea H.
Hawley, Jr., A. R. Davis and C. F.
Jenneas, Parker V. Lucas, Ross W.
Bates and F. C. Robinson. George W.
Edgington, whose name appears first
on the list. Is well known ln ( Boise. He
resigned as mayor of Idaho Falls to
enter the training camp. C. M. Booth,
a well known Twin Fall* attorney,
prominent In the Japanese controversy
before the legislature last winter, le
also among those commissioned.
The candidates from Idaho commis
Captain—George W. Edgington.
Idaho Falle; G. W. Bpoerry, Rathdrum;
Clarence M. Booth, Twin Valla
First Lieutenants—Drew W. Stand
rod. Pocatello; Leo F. Bracken. Twin
Falls; John J. Honan, Boise; John B.
Green, Twin Fails; R. I. McClanahan
Pàyette; F. A. Woelflen, Lewiston ; A
,R. Davis, Boise; T. M. Aldous, Sterl
Ire: C. B. Mlrkelwalt. Twin Falls: E
IL. Cook, Coeur d'Alene; R. V. Starr,
I Wendell; H. M. Derham. Pocatello; J.
j I. Hillman. Jerome; A. W. Shelley, C.
F. Jenneas, Boise; S. T. Robinson,
.Nampa; R, E. Smith, Hansen: J. H.
j Hawley, Jr., Boise; D. W. Randall,
Second Lieutenante —■ A. E. White,
Payette; E. A. Hamilton, Nampa; J. S.
Codding, Rupert; L. E. O'Neill. Lew
iston ; A. L. Anrud, Jerome; G. N. Ifft,
Pocatello: John R. Wheeler, Welser.
First Lieutensnt, A. M. Van Os
trand, Winchester. .
Second Lieutenant— E. W. Btevens,
The following were commissioned In
the signal corps, aviation section, of
ficers' reserve corps:
Captains— W. E. Farr, Elk City;
Charles R. Burky , Jeroms; O. R.
Second Lieutenant— F. F. Derhan,
The following have been commis
sioned In the officers' reserve corps,
non-flying section, signal corps:
First Lieutenants—A. E. Von Hart
en, Blackfoot; D. D. Cushman, Moun
Second Lieuteaants-i-Parker V. Lu
cas, Boise; R. W. Bates, Boise; Will
iam R. Green, Jr., Buhl; F. C. Robin
eon, Bolso; L. L. Brhnthoover, Pay
ette; M. H. Rogers, Welser; John T.
The following are commissioned se
cond lieutenants In the officer's re
serve corps and are eligible to future
provisional second lieutenancies In
the regular army:
Infantry— H. J. Martinson, Genesea
Field artillery—Otto R. Ptllllnger.
Moqpow; James L. Boone, Caldwell;
Beneon G. Scott, Pocatello.
AGED WOMAN DEAD
IN WRETCHED HOVEL
Chicago, Nov. 26.—A policeman at
the lnetigatlon of neighbors, forcibly
entered the wretched hovel occupied
by two aged and eccentric sisters, on
the west side.
In tbe middle of the floor, and un
clothed woman, her eyes staring and
her gray hair in disorder, sat «on ths
nuda body of her old sister—dead,
apparently from starvation — and
shrieked imprecations at the intruder.
A score of hungry cats fled, hissing,
at tha officer's , approach.
The body was removed to a morgue
and the starving woman taken pro
lestlngly to the county hospital.
Tbe sisters. Anna Collins, 66, and
Mary, 60. had subsisted for year* on
tl)* charity of neighbors, but for two
day* baskets of food loft at tbolr door
had remained untouched.
refund mdney if it fails. 26a