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EVENING : CAPITAL : NEWS
AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER MHiM Every Afternoon und Sunday Homing a* Bolen !4aka a Ottjr a t »0,000 People, by TUB CAPITAL, NEWS PUBLISHING COMPANY. I AM IT ED RICHARD STORY SHERIDAN. General Manager. Entered at the Poet Office at Bolae, Idaho, ae Second-clase Mall Matter. Phonea—Business Office, 111 . Editorial I loom e. 11». Society Editor, MM FRIGHTFULNESS IILLIAM ALLEN WHITE contributes, from Paris, a chapter on German frightfulness that is no less illuminating because it is analytical rather than specific. He says there is no keen hatred among the armies of the allies toward the German soldier, "but how Europe does hate German," not merely the kaiser and the Hohenzollems and the junkers but Germany— all Germany, the docile, etupld, hypnotized Germany that celebrated the sinking of the Lusitania, that Indorsed the submarine, that applauded the rape of Belgium, that stands for the enslavement of French and Belgian civilians, that has backed up every atrocity of the war lords for three yeara A consuming egotism and an absolutely material phil osophy, dominant traits of the German mind, explain the acceptance by the German people of barbarities inflicted upon those who stand in the way of German civilization— "the only civilization fit for the world"—the civilization that must be impressed upon the world regardless of the intervening extermination of individuals and nations. Such is Mr. White's analysis, and he goes on to state that this monumental conceit and materialism also form' the basis for the doctrine that— la the mainspring which has held Germany together for three years of bitter hardship; has made Germany send the best she breeds to the shambles without wincing: has made Germany stalk unquestioning through famine which is emitting off old people In winrows and Is with ering the babies like a plague. This vain conception of German civilization plus a moral sense blunted to accept any deed, however horrible, which would seem to advance that civilization, fit the facts as to German atrocities, which the writer declares are not the mad deeds of a war-crazed nation "but the scientific policy of a logical people unrestrained by Christian pro hibitions against injustice and cruelty." Frightfulness was not, therefore, an impulse, says Mr White. It had been calmly thought out long before the war AND SET DOWN AS AN ARTICLE IN THE MAN UAL OF THE GERMAN MILITARY OFFICER. So the German officer was prepared for it. One authority, an investigator from The Hague, declares he never heard of an authenticated case of the rape of any Belgian women that was not committed by a German officer. The answer is that Germany had demanded and in structed frightfulness and had educated her people to sup port it, first, to terrorize and quell the civilians of Belgium and then as notification to such neutrals as Holland and Denmark what they might expect if they opposed the ad vance of "German civilization." THE ARMY SALUTE H WRITER in the Chicago Post a few days ago voiced / M the opinion that the salute in the army as an emblem iTu of military autocracy must go. "There is," he says, **n© young American worthy of the name who does not take it hard at first that he has to salute a man who on the average is no better than he is socially, mentally or phy sically." In his selection of an instance the writer has, perhaps, been unfortunate. The salute is a mark of re spect which officers and men pay each other. A civilian touches his hat to another civilian "who is no better than he is socially, mentally or physically." He does it as a mark of respect, not as an indication of inferiority. If our army were not democratic in concept and spirit it would not be fit to bear the banner of democracy. Every citizen in the United States army is, in his status of voter, a director of the army in which as a soldier he may take only a humble part. No finer and more intelligent great body of men will be gathered together anywhere than the military forces of the United States, regular army, na tional guard and national army. They are not, primarily, cogs in a military machine, but citizens acting for the tiihe being as soldiers. Discipline must be maintained, the highest efficiency reached, but it will not be necessary to Prussianize the army to do this. The Post writer quotes a regular army major of 20 years' experience as saying: "There cannot be any dem ocracy in the army despite the statements so frequently heard to the contrary." There can and will be in the American army such democracy as is compatible with ef ficiency. For years it used to be thought that a sailor could only be held in obedience by continually swearing at him, giving him ram and beating him occasionally with a belaying pin. These ideas, already outworn, have no place, assuredly, in the American forces while they face their present task. The Salute, however, has much to •onunend it. There is nothing undemocratic about it. —--—--- il; WHATCHAMA COLUMN « j PEPS "THREE minute women." The lent word on the wer? WÊ simply cannot etand for a short age of salt. Must have something to take-with the 1118 campaign prom isee. ADVISED that "deerlng In the mountains Is very expensive." Same thing true of dealing in the city. WE do not take much Stockholm In some of those war reports. WHAT'S become of the old-fash ioned deacon who used to like a little splash of brandy In his mince pie? AND MAYBE BOTTLE 'EM UP. The Italians have retreated from Monte Tomatlco. Eight to five that the Teutons ketchup. BERT. ALSO MAKE DEMOCRACY SAFE FOR PROFITEERS. UN WITH THE ACCENT ON THE "ROW." Helen Rowland, the eminent sob sister who holds a daily mental clinic on the sterner sex, and who was re cently married, says: "There Is peace of mind with a husband and no peaco of heart without one." Our Idea of no sort of a Job Is that of being Mr. Helen Rowland. HORRORS OF WAR. The other day a fashion journal said That on account of the scarcity of woolens And other things that go Into the manufacture Of dress goods, the material in wom en's gowns Must be reduced. The Journal said that Every time there Is a battle in France Dress goods became scarcer. We can easily brlieve this because We have rubbered along Main street somewhat Since the war started. We have noted That every time there Is an important Battle in France the skirts have gone up another notch. Some of them that were down around the ankles When the wur started are now up to the knees, * And some of them that started at the knees Have become shortened still more. There have been many important bat tles, And if there are many more the aver age skirt Will be about the same as a belt. Let us have peace! BOB T. PESSIMISTIC REPORT. The government's report that there Is a shortage of fur-bearing animals this fall will not be taken seriously while so many of them are tripping up and down the streets. AN EPITAPH OF THE SEASON. Tread softly, friends, Bill Jones lies her» He was mistaken For a deer. MORE WAR STATISTICS. ! Dr. Woods Hutchinson says that In ! this war It takes between thre«' and four tons of projectiles and explo sives to kill one soldier. Germany has four million men on the lighUng fronts. Do your own figuring. AND SINCE THENf Lord Cecil says America is all right. Old stuff! Columbus pulled It 425 years ago. MRS. MYSTERY. Speaking of picketing In Washing ton. an eastern editor says: "Woman Is a mystery still." A mystery, perhaps, but still? Never. ABSURD. Last night I*lay a-dreamlng, I had a dream so fair. I dreamed that cost of living Had fallen—everywhere. And while I was a-dreamlng And no one was around , I bought some old-time porterhouse At twenty cents a pound. A PIKER. , « Oh, what has become of the old-fash ioned Villa, Who used to get killed every day. That dead-or-allve we sent Pershing after Who, on the first page made his play? How awful he seemed, this chief of the bandite, 4 When we were lnjmersed in his game. But slnoe the crown prince and hie Huns have got started The Mexican terror seems tama Californians say there is no sea coast sand binder that surpasses In effec tiveness Ammophlla arenarta, sea bent grass. It has done more to hold the shifting dunes during the building of Golden Gate park, San Francisco, than any other agency. Although before the outbreak of the war the output of British magnetos waa not more than 100 a week, since the war no fewer than 115,000 mag netos are Mid to have been produced la the Islands. John Markte, of Haseltown. Pa., president of a coal company, announc •d a reduction of 80 per cent In the rent of all company houses during the continuance of the war, so that the employe* eould buy liberty bonda In lilt almost 11,000 of the alien* who sought entrance Into our country were excluded, and more then 8000 who were here In violation of tj»s taw were sent back. THE CRIMES OFGERMANY Abstracted From Authenticated Official Reports. AN APPEAL BY THE BELGIAN WORKMEN T HIS appeal ought to be fixed on the door of every factory and workshop. Every worker. evdry citi zen, should Btudy It. We regret that we cannot reprint It here In full, but the following extracts will at least give an idea of this new crime committed by Germany: "Workers: In the name of the in ternational bonds that unite all work men, the working classes of Belgium— threatened, without exception, with slavery, deportation, and forced labor for the enemy's,gain—send to the work ing classes in other lands a supreme appeal. "Germany, as you know, attacked and terrorized Belgium in 1914 for having defended her right to neutrality and her faith and honor. "Germany has been martyrizing Bel gium. She has from that moment on wards turned the land into a prison : the frontiers are armed against Bel gians like a battle front "All our constitutional liberties have been abolished. There is no longer safetj - anywhere ; the life of our citi zens is at the mercy of the pblleemcn —arbitrary, Uimitless. pitiless * * * Belgian industriel idleness has been the creation of the Germans, maintained by them for their ownprofit. To these 500,000 unemployed they have for the last month been saying: 'Either you will sign a contract 'to work for Ger many, or you will be reduced to slavery.: In either case. It means exile, deporta tion, forced labor in the interests of the enemy, and against the interests of ow country; formidable punish ments, the cruelest ever invented by tyranny for the punishment of crimes —and what are the crimes alleged? "On the western front. Belgian work mgn—your brothers and ours—are be ing forced to dig trenches, to build avi ation camps, to fortify the German lines and when the victims, in spite of every ttaing, are firm in their refusal to take part In work forbidden by interna tional law, they are starved and beaten into illness, wounded, and sometimes even killed. "In Germany they are turned on to work In mines, and at lime kilns, quite regardless of their age, profession, or trade. Youths of 17, old men of 70, are deported in haphazard mdsses. IS NOT THIS A REVIVAL OF ANCIENT SLAVERY WITH ALL ITS HOR RORS? Do you know brothers, what the Germans throw to their victims by way of pay? 30 pfennigs (3 pence) a day ! 'Workers; NEVER FORGET THAT THE SOLDIERS WHO ARE ACTING ytS THE TORTURERS OF OUR BEL GIAN WORKMEN ARE THEM SELVES GERMAN WORKERS! "In the depths of our distress, we count on you. It is for you to act! For ourselves, even if brute force suc ceeds for the moment in reducing our bodies to servitude, we shall never give our consent. "A final word: Whatever tortures WE DO NOT WISH FOR PEACE EXCEPT WITH THE INDEPEND ENCE OF OUR COUNTRY AND THE TRIUMPH OF JUSTICE." The Little One-star Flag Oh, I used to hear the family In the house across tKe way— A fatheo, and a mother, and a child. And, Oh, the noise they used to make ; They'd keep the neighborhood awake— I sometimes used to think they'd drive me wild! < I glanced across the way the other day; It seemed too quiet over there, by far. And hanging in the window of the house across the way Is a little flag which bears a single star! There's a service flag in Broadway, And it flaunts two thousand stars. Oh, it swings there to the glory Of the soldiers and the tars. But no star there in its beauty Ti lls of stronger love and duty Than the little one-star flag across . the way. i Olt, I used to see them waiting In the house across the way— The mother, and a Uttle girl, so sweet. And, Oh, the way they used to shout; And, Oh. the way they'd hurry out When they saw daddy coming up the street. Now I miss the noise they made »here as they played; It seems too quiet over there by far— Oh, they're watching from the window 4 of the house across the way By the Uttle flag that hears a single star! There's a wonder Rag In Wall street. Flying from a dizzy height. Like a gorgeous patoh of heaven That was ripped from starry night. But no star there In Its beauty Tells of stronger love and duty Than the little one-star flag across the wey! DAMON RUNYON. Four languages were used last year in the preaching of the Rev. Paul Bur gess. Presbyterian missionary In the Quesaltenango field of Guatemala, ac cording to the Guatemala Newa He spoke In Spanish. English. German an« CakchlqueL Unde Walt Has for You This Evening SHIFTING WEATHER. E weather switches to and fro, from one extreme to t'oth er; one day we're ankle deep In snow, the next. In heat we smother. When I retire at 9 o'clock, all tranquil la the weather; it looks ae though there'd be a flock of balmy days together. "It is the finest climate built," in bed I keep repeat ing, and kick off coverlet and quilt, because they're overheating. So in a pleasant frame of mind I soon become snorer, preparing for the morrow's grind with nature's sweet restorer. And when the clock is striking three. I wake from all my doztt'; the snow is drifting over me, and I'm three-quar ters frozen. Oh, It would bather any gent to know what traps to carry, when he go: s forth to pay his rent, to gamble or to marry. His ulster or a .. .. palm leaf fan. His rubbers or his sandals? This climate Is too fierce for man, and weather sharps are van dais! One day 1 wade around In sleet. and think this life is phoney; the next day I have prickly heat, and then again pneumoney. One day the weather gives me croup, the next, sunburn and freckles; and all the time I'm in the soup and doctors get my shekels. Copyright by George Mathews Adams, , , t and the kind of chickens to raise dur ing these times of high prices, thought perhaps far reaching paper would be of some value to others tha: may be at sea in the same matter. While i do not ___: 1 Aijnu PHDTTM I Ur*Lrl irUKU M 1 - * \ CHICKENS AND RABBIT8. i __ , Editor Evening Capita. News: H.v ing received several letters in the past few weeks pertaining to the feeding few line, in your pose as one of authority on these mat ter«, I raise a few chickens. I find the /eed question a perplexing one. It mat ters not what we resort to In the feed line, we find it high in price. With wheat at $3.50, mill feed. $2, oats, $3.25 per 100 pounds and corn—we dare not even ask the price—it makes one | scratch his head and wonder if it would not be the cheapest to cut the heads off of the chickens but when we come to think of those nice fresh eggs next spring wc arc compelled to cast this thought aside and we say try and pull them th'rough some way. 1 am feeding wheat, small potatoes and mill feed with now and then a feed of rolled barley for a change. 1 also give loose heads of cabbage, car rots and beets for green stuff. I feel that everybody that has chickens will have to be governed by and feed what ever they can get the cheapest. One lady from Oregon wants to know what is the best breed of chick ens to raise. That's a hard one. I am 55 years of age but she will have to ask some one older than I am be cause I don't know. This Is some thing every Individual will have to decide for themselves. I raise the Barred Plymouth Rocks and am well satisfied with them both from a beauty and utility standpoint. In my opinion It will hot pay anyone to cater to an altogether meat breed or an altogether egg breed, but rather choose some all purpose breed such as the Wyandotte or any of the Rock family. These breeds have been tested out in all the egg laying contests and you will eitlp er find them at the very top or close to it, besides, when you want to dis pose of the carcass you have some ! thing you will receive the top price for; something that cannot be said of the so-called egg machines. Not only has It been demonstrated that the Wyandottes. and Rocks many eggs in the course of 12 months time but there are other good quali ties they possess that should not be overlooked. Their quiet, gentle dispo sition; one does not have to build their enclosure to the tree tops In or der to keep them confined, and most cases they are capable of Incu bating and rearing their own young. All these things are worthy of thought when it comes to choosing a breed. If ever there was a time more fit will lay as ' n j than another for the disposal of the mongrels and replacing with good pure bred stock, it is now. Feed is too high to keep a large flock of any kind so why not keep the best? It does not cost any more to feed them than it does a flock of scrubs. Besides, having a nice, uniform flock to look is no small Item. n Why not raise a few rabbits and help out on the meat question? 1 have been raising Rufus Red rabbits for the past two years and I find it both profitable and a pleasure. My family has always been great lovers of fried chicken. In fact chicken pre pared In any way. but ever since we got our first taste of rabbit, chicken has had to take a back seat. Rabbits mature much quicker than do chick ens, and they are much easier and quicker prepared for the table and far more particular In choosing their food. They ara absolutely a clean anlmaf with nice white fine grained flesh, and their principal feed Is rolled barley, al falfa hay and pur* water. E. S. BAILEY,.. R. F D. No. 4, Boise. Ida. OPPOSED TO HANGING. Editor Capital News: Some days ago I saw In your paper the news of a man to be put to death on tha 14th of next month. Being opposed to capital punishment. I obtained an audience with Governor Alexander, and re quested him, if possible, to commute the death, sentence of Vicente Rami res to Ufa imprisonment. All the gover nor agreed to do for tho present was to give the man a reprieve, Knowing the Influence of your paper. I wish to solicit your help for this eaee in par ticular and the cause In general. There Is no doubt of the man's guilt- w»» * a ROM the time you entrust your money to our cere until you withdrew it, no deteil it overlooked by this bank to give you the utmost in SERVICE, while constantly safe-guarding your interest. PACIFIC NATIONAL BANK 4% Paid on Time Deposits. ir KOUR HEALTH B r JOHN B. HUBER. A. M„ M. D. Begreife bringt refreshine sleep. The Deadly Cigarette. Certainly the Injury -which the cigarette does or lu rotation to other vicions habita and addictions to Mi fully realised. In a tatter from a brother-physician, with reference to paUent who vu taking morphine, "However, I think cigarettes are hts worst' trouble, Morphins is snly an Incident; that has grown out of the use of dgaretr tee.' ' » Another eminent physician, Dr. L N. Love, wrote a decade ago. "The numerous mental wrecks, youths who have come under my care, whoa# live* were failure*, lmprem jne that today tobacco stand* a* the gravest danger confronting the new century; end the medical profession haa a fearful responsibility in educating young men and their parent* to ap predate this danger." I will mall further Information on thl* subject to ».«din* m« a stamped and *** Questions and AsifUI. for a day or two afterward. Friend* claim, that if I eat celery or onions every day 1 could cure this. Do you think sot Vould you send me tome remedy that would make my nerves like iront A nswer — Granting that your "nsr ves" are Inherited, one Inherit* very INHERITED NERVES. I have inherited nerves from my People and tfty claim there 4. no cure. When I become excited about ouything rny teethbegin to chatter and I find it impossible to stop them. | # little indeed that cannot be remedied by right living and by a prayerful understanding that right living Is the normal adjustment of one's In ternal relations to one's external re tations—that Is, to the one's environ Dr." Huber will answer «11 signed latter« pertaining to Health. *U year question I* at general interest it will be answered through,thsae cohunne ; if Ml It will be mnewered gersonellj- If stamped, addreesed envelope is enclosed. Dr. Ruber will not preeeribe for oases or make diagnoses. Address Dr. John B. Huber, eero of this newspaper. think that a state which prides Itself on being as progressive as any in the Union should throw away this rem nant of the dark ages. I am reason ably sure that 90 per cent of the peo ple of Idaho are opposed to legalized crime and a paper which advocates progress cunnot but help in a move ment of this kind. Respectfully yours, GOTTFRIED LOHRLI. Parma, Ida., Nov. 24, 1917. GERMAN IN OUR SCHOOLS. Editor Capital News: In reply to your editorial of Nov. 26 on "German in our schools," I cannot help but take an exception to your view of looking ! at this problem and beg leave to point out to you the way it looks to me. You ! claim that there is nothing more lm- 1 portant for the unity of a country than , the basis of a common language. Facts prove this to be absolutely erroneous, j as for example, the case of Switzerland . will fully demonstrate. For ceriturles j that country, where four different ! languages are spoken, has maintained a unity such as any country has a right : to be proud of. and always has and ' still is encouraging the study of all j tongues. And look at tha blessing arising | from this practice, considering that to- i day Switzerland gives refuge and sliel- ! ter to the sick and wounded of more 1 than one language. A thousand times stronger thaji a common language Is j a common ideal that holds people and nations together. If any othei proofs are needed let us look at the crusaders, when for 200 years the whole of west ern Europe furnished men of every tongue for the one great ideal of lib erating the holy city- from the hands of the enemy. GOTTFRIED LOHRLI. Parma, Ida., Nov. 28, 1917. «400,000 STATE OF IDAHO HIGH WAY BONDS. Scaled bids will be received by the undersigned until 10 o'clock a. m„ Monday, Dec. 10, 1917, at the state treasurer's office In the capitol, at Boise, Idaho, for the sale of the fol lowing state of Idaho highway bonds: FodP hundred bonds of 8500 denom ination. Two hundred bonds of $1000 denomi nation. Coupon form, bearing data Jan. 1st. ltl'7, 20-10s. Interest not exceed 41* per cent, payable January and July let, both principal and Interest of mid bonds shall be payable at tha state treasurer's office In the capitol, at Boise. Idaho. Bids must be unconditional and the bidder must be prepared to acoept and pay for said bonds within fifteen (14) days after acceptance of the bid there for. • Bonds cannot be sold for lea* than par and accrued Interest. lAvst rate of Interest preferable to a premium bid. Each bid must be accqmpanted by an unconditional certified check pay able to the treasurer of the state of Idaho for 2 per cent of the per value Of the bonda The right te reserved to reject any or all bids. JOHN W. EAGLCBON, ' •tat* Treasurer. ARv-D» ment, to the world* In which we live. " i do You do not give your age. bat appear to bo a young person. Young people do not md stimulant* of any nature whatever; celery and onion* are of this natnre and should ho avoided, Also eolfee and tea, W'hloh though in moderation wholesome for most of ns, ars not lor the neurotic. You can cultivate also your will power and so rid younelf of ouch senee tio®* as you mention. Loud The Hy gienle Life; am sending you tnfOPe seat ion a* to how this ta ta ha dona. see AiA MWi inui u ssui .. . . . A *?*.* *?*? ** , bald, the had a tittle wee spot of hair on the top of her head when the wo* a baby; bat her head it now " rnynana. rpe pen two children before her have lovely thieh hatr ; hwf tha baby hot also 4 W hotr r except on the top Of her head; that prows long huf don t spread. • Answer—This la universal bald ness. of the same nature as the bald ness In spots of which I recently wrote. I am sending you that arti cle; also such measures as may be however here are irowsTo woöäähöod~the 'wearing'of * n m- n ssorT^ * e e # «writ* • ?• syrup harmful for^ anybody the» suffers from pa* on the etomaeht Aistcer —Any form of sugar tends Experience show« 1 ftl , ^ mauit* of treatment 1 very jxK>r**In euch Sî t to hyperacid the stomach, though generally speaking sugar ln modem tlon (In Hooverlzed portions, that is) j a wholesome. Am mail tog you flir ther information. Make Thie Bank Your P usinées Home. CHECK ON US! Chscking Accounts for large or small amounts are welcomed and ill supplies .are furnished free to the customer. The Idaho National Rank stands— as it has always stood—for tha highest ideals In modern banking. If you are seeking a aervloe fitting the needs of present day requtre nents In banking, you will find us 'ully qualified to Justify your pat ronage and confidence. |1.00 Opsns a Cheeking Oecount. — 11-00 Idaho National Bank NOTICE. In the District Court of the Third Ju dicial District of the State of Idaho In and for Ada county. In the matter of the petition of tha Emmett Sheep company, for Its vol untary dissolution. To all those wnora It may concern: On the first day of November. A. D„ 1817, the Emmett Sheep company, by Its attorneys, Martin A Cameron, whose offices are In the Boise City Na tional Bank building, Boise, Idaho, by due and regular order of the above en titled court filed with the clerk of said court Its application or petition for an order of said court dissolving the said Emmett Sheep company, n corporation; setting forth that at a meeting of tha stockholders called for that purpose, the dissolution of the cor poration was resolved upon by a two thirds vote of all of the stockholders; that all claims and demands against the corporation have been satisfied and discharged; that ths corporation de sired to wind up Its business: appor tion Its cash on hand among Its stock holders and be lawfully dissolved. Said application will come on te be heard before the above entitled court on the 10th day of December, A. D„ 1017, at 10 o'clock In the forenoon, or as soon thereafter as counsel can bo hoard ot tho county court house in the court room thoreof, In Boise, Ada county, Idaho, and any 'and all ob jections to said application, if any ther* be. will ho heard by said court at tho said tims and place. (8EAL) STEPHEN UTTER. cTerk. By THO8 E. POWELL. Deputy. Martin A Cameron. Rots# City Na tional Bank Bldg.. Bole*. Idaho, at torneys for Emmett Sheep company.