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CAPITAL This Paper Gives You the News in Evening of the Day it Happens. the VoL XTTTX BOISE, IDAHO, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1917. NEWS WAR DECLARED AUSTRIAN MONARCHY LINES BY BRITISH IN FACE ASSAULTS Fruitless Attempts Made to j Break Through to Old Hindenburg Line Around Vial Wood. # Twenty-five German Divis ions Engaged in Supreme Effort of Kaiser to Win Decision in the Great Con flict About Cambrai. By WILLIAM PHILLIP SIMMS. With the British .Armies in the Field. Dec. 7.—At isast two thousand Ger mans perished in two .violent and fruit less attempts to break British lines around Vial wood today. Twenty-five separate German divi sions have been identified as compos ing the enemy offensive forces in this sector—indicating the Germans have at least 875,000 men massed there. ON THE HINDENBURG LINE. It was the British who were en trenched on the Hindenburg line to day—the rame line that the Germans held so firmly until Byng's smash. They defended the erstwhile enemy line against several powerful attempts to re-take it. The enemy was stub bornly determined. Along one arc massed troops were thrown forward and driven off. Almost immediately a second attacking wave formed. This second wave of densely packed masses of men was caught in the Brit ish artlllerv storm and wiped out. EXPECT HARD BLOW. The British army expects Germany's biggest—and perhaps its fjnal—effort of the war shortly. General Byng's retirement from Bourlon was regarded today as the first prime precautionary measure for the British to withstand such a shock. As the British see it, Germany is now at the zenith of her military pow er. With Russia out of the war, Ger many is enabled to dray on Increased man power, heretofore held along the Russian lines. She is apparently pre paring to throw every ounce of her energy into a supreme attempt at a military victory before arrival of American troops on the fighting line. BUT TWO ALTERNATIVES. In the Bourlon sector there were only two alternatives open to General Byng. One was to push ahead and the other was to step backward to a more secure footing. 'With the Rus sian situation permitting the enemy to mass great forces on the Cambrai line, the backward step seemed the only thing to do. The withdrawal puts the Rrltish into a much better posture to receive the expected attacks. It was carried out perfectly, so perfectly that the Germans looked foolish in their at tacks on unoccupied land. ATTACKED IN MASSES. The Boches shelled the uninhabited land and thereabouts for hours with a hurricane barrage. Then they attacked with dense masses. Their storming waves found the forest of Bourlon gar risoned only with the dead. Patrol» from the enemy lines later cautiously wormed their way to the ruin»' nearby—like wary mice ap proaching a suspicious bit of cheese. One dash of British shrapnel sent them scurrying back. Then came thick waves of more German "shock troops" charging over the crest an<# upon both »Idea of Bourlon. They were charging position» occupied at that moment only by ground rats. GERMANS PUZZLED. When the Boche» got there and wer» trying to puzzle out the withdrawal, British guns pelted their closely packed masses with »hell». The British did not leave » single piece of material In the evacuated sec tion. Even telephone wires ware neat ly rolled up and taken away. Every dugout was destroyed. Today the German airman were try iCoa United qa Fags Two.) HELD^^^ŒOFFENSIVE Unani ™ ous : n s f n ?. t ! , .„ Vote in the Senate Unanimous and but One Vote, That of a Socialist, Is Cast Against the Resolution in the House — La Follette Absents Himself From Chamber, but Explains Later That His Action Was Not Intentional. WAKHINOTON, DEC. 7.—CONGRESS DECLARED WAR ON AUSTRIA-HUNGARY THIS AFTERNOON. ADOPTION OF THE WAR RESOLUTION IN THE SENATE BY A VOTE OF 74 TO 0 WAS FOLLOWED A FEW HOURS LATER BY ITS PASSAGE'IN THE HOUSE, 161 TO 1. PRESIDENT WILSON WAS EXPECTED TO SIGN THE WAR DECLARATION THIS EVENING. THE ACTION BY CONGRESS SHOWED AN UNEXPECTED SWEEPING AWAY OF PACIFISM. CONGRESSWOMAN RANKIN. WHO VOTED AGAINST THE DECLARATION OF A STATE OF WAR WITH GERMANY. VOTED TO MAKE AUSTRIA A FORMAL ENEMY OF THE UNITED STATES. SENATOR LA FOLLETTE ANNOUNCED AFTER THE SENATE VOTE THAT HE WAS ABSENT UNDER A MISAPPREHENSION AND WOULD HAVE VOTED P'OR THE RESOLUTION TODAY IF THE SENATE HAD EMBODIED AN AMENDMENT HE HAD IN CONTEMPLATION. CONGRESSMAN LONDON. NEW YORK SOCIALIST, VOICED "NO" TODAY JUST AS HE DID WHEN THE GERMAN DECLARA TION WAS BEFORE THE HOUSE. BUT THEN HE HAD 40 MEM BERS WITH HIM. THEY WERE ALL FOR WAR WITH AUSTRIA TODAY. Washington, Dec. 7.—The senate this afternoon unanimously passed the resolution declaring a state of war against Austria-Hungary. The senate voted unanimously for war with Austria. Senator La Follette, who took his seat during debate, absented himself when the roll call was begun. The senate's vote followed stirring war speeches by Senators Stone, Lodge and Hitchcock. OBJECTIONS CLEARED AWAY. | Senator Hitchcock said his objections to a declaration against Austria had been cleared away by President Wil son's stand, assuring Austria free ac cess to the Adriatic. The German menace today is great er than on the day we declared war, he said. Senator Lodge of Massachusetts ranking Republican member of the for eign relations committee, spoke against inclusion of Bulgaria and Turkey at this time but added: TRAITORS IF FRIENDS. "The only reason for leaving Turkey out is the danger to American lives and property in Turkey. "We do not touch Bulgaria In a mil itary sense. But we have a Bulgarian legation In Washington and if the of ficials are friendly to us they are traitors to their own country and Its ally, Germany. "I take no stock In the dream that we can detach Bulgaria and Turkey from the Central Powers, Lodge. "I hope one result of the war will be final extinction of the Turkish empire tr Europe and freeing of the Dardanelles to all nations." ALL VOTED "YES." Seventy-four senators voted "yes" to tlie declaration of war against Aus tria. Discussion In the senate occu pied less than an hour. The resolution was Immediately sent to the house where it may be substituted for tho house measure and passed before the day is over. Of the 21 senators who did not vote 20 were absent from the city. These Included Fall. New Mexico, detained by illness: Kendrick and Kenyon, who are returning from the French battle front; Johnson, California, who is en route here; Hughes and Goft who are ill; Walsh, enroute to California be cause of III health, Thomas, Colorado, ill for some time; King, Utah, return contlnuedj (Continued on Page Two.i EXPLOSION AT HALIFAX ONE OF HISTORY'S GREATEST DISASTERS Catastrophes on land since 1800 in which more tlian one thousand per sons lost their lives; _ YEAR PLACE CAUSE KILLED 1908—Italy .......-................Earthquake ............... 1(4,850 1902—Martinique 1915- Italy ...... 1822—A leppo ..Earthquake and fire . Earthquake 40.000 35.000 -San Jose DeCucita .........Earthquake .Earthquake ............... 20,000 14,000 857—Calabria 1889—Ja.pan ......................Flood 1891— Japan ......................Earthquake 1860—Mendoza (South Ainerleal . .Earthquake 1900—Galveston .................. Tidal wave . iS05—Naples .....................Earthquake 1829—Murcia ....................Earthquake 1830 -Canton ..................../Earthquake 1859—Quito ......................Earthquake 3896—China ......................Flood . ... 1(42—Cape Haïtien ...............Earthquake 1(81—Seto .......................Earthquake litt —China ......................Flood . ... 1194—Veneauela .................'Earthquake 1(97—Japan ......................Tidal wave . 1(89—Johnstown, Pa. ............Flood . ... 1818—Austria ....................Flood . ... 1(78—Spain ......................Flood . ... 1910—Japan ......................Flood . ... 191#—Costa Rica ...... Earthquake .Earthquake ............... 10.000 10.000 10,000 7.000 7.000 (.000 6.000 8.000 6,000 6,000 4.000 4.000 8.000 8.000 8,000 2.276 2,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 RUMANIANS WILL NOT FRATERNIZE WITH THE BOCHES' Action Reserved on the Rus sian and German Armis tice Negotiations — Brief Period of Truce. Jassy, Dec. 7.—Rumanian troops have rejected enemy attempts to fraternize and reserved action on Russian and German armistice negotiations an of ficial statement announced today. The war office explained that the Russians, having proposed an armls tice with the enemy, the question arose whether the Rumanians asso ciated with the Russians on certain fronts should associate with them in the truce. As a consequence all hos tilities were suspended until 8 o'clock. Enemy troops tho report said, "loudly manifested their satisfaction, and at tempted to fraternize with the Ruman ians." "The Rumanians.'' the statement concluded, "acted with reserve and dig nity, and rejected the attempt. NOMINATIONS 8ENT TO THE SENATE BY PRESIDENT. Washington, Dec. 7.—The president today sent to the senate the following nominations: To be chairman of the aircraft board —Howard E. Coffin, Michigan. To-bo member of the aircraft board —Richard Hows, New York. To b» assistant secretary of tho treasury—Russell C. Lefflngwell, New York. MAY DRAW I INTO FIGHT Belief Prevails in Expedi tionary Army That Period of Training of Men Will Be Shortened. Apparent That the Germans Propose to Hit Hard Blow on Western Front During Winter — Sammies May Go to Italy. By J. W. PEGLER. American Field Headquarters, France, Dec. 7.—The American army is beginning to wonder whether its . , . ,, period of training will not bs shortened so America's armed strcngtii may be felt sooner on the battle line. News from home today of America's impending declaration of war against Austria-Hungary; the German blow at Cambrai, Indicating apparently the start of sive; knowledge that Germany can j now utilize great numbers of reserves! withdrawn from the Russian front—I all are combining to make American! lighters realize more keenly that de velopments of the next few weeks may be fraught wlth the most important winter-long German offen consequences to the American expedi tionary army. TO MAKE GREAT EFFORT. Germany, in the view of the Ameri can Holdlers, Is preparing her greatest effort and with the greatest forces, thanks to the Russian armistice re leasing forces on that front, that she has been able to muster in years. It was openly rumored around the camps today that the enemy is with drawing masses from Italy for the pur pose of slamming them simultaneously at many points over an extended por tion of the west front. Should the enemy's available effect ives seriously outweigh the French and British, it is wondered here whether the Americans will continue their orig inal training schedule or whether there will be Instituted a genera! speeding up enable an army of Sammies to hurl! their weight against the Bodies. INTERESTED IN NEWS. The army "grapevine telegraph'' has been very active during the last few days. As a result all camps are un usually interested in (fll news regard ing military progress. In particular the official statements, heretofore ac corded only perfunctory reading are now carefully digested. It 1» realized an American declaration of war would make it possible to send Americans to Italy. However war's fortunes may treat the American, they are enthusiastic, and keen but not suffering: from any delusions regarding: the Boche'« weak ness. Every man realises everything depends on things back home—the building of. ships, the rushing of sup plies and always men and more men. Usually the American soldier doesn't bother his head about "the situation." He would rather argue with a machine gun than to tackle political matters, But the present "situation" lias com pelled his attention. OIL CLOTH WORKS AT PHILADELPHIA BURN Philadelphia. Dec. 7—Six alarms had been turned in early today for a fire which la aweeplng the oil cloth works of Thomas Potter Sona and company, one of the largest fartoriea of this kind tn the world. THREE TRAINS ON BURLINGTON COLLIDE Vllisca. la., Dec. 7.—Only one per son was injured when three Burlington tralnp collided near here. Seventeen care—freight and passsngst^rolled down an embankment and burned. The wreck occurred when a local mixed train crashes Into a meat train. An other passenger came along and crashed Into th» wreckage. The fail ure of a brake to work caused the smash according to officials today. TWO T HALIFAX ESTIMATE Cold Weather and Snowstorm Add to the Misery of the Homeless Sur vivors as They Search for the Lost; Stricken City a Place of Death and Suffering. Halifax, Doe. 7.—Freezing cold and a lieavv snowstorm added to the sufferings of wounded and shelterless in thfe blasted city today. Fires which were believed extinguished have broken out again. There is no reliable count of dead. Two thou sand is a low estimate, in the belief of those working among the corpses, now frozen stiff in grotesque and hor rible attitudes, of death agony. Many of the injured are dying. MANY CHILDREN LOST. Police are. attempting to round up lost children who are wandering through the appalling wilderness of wreekage, weeping bitterly or calling for their mothers. Even worse oonditlons than exist in Halifax have turned North Dartmouth across the bay, into a place of death and suffering. The most badly damaged section of Halifax is shlit off by g . The dock ygrd magazines have been flooded to prevent more explosions. TWO THOUSAND INJURED. Tlie citizens' committee. In charge of the wrecked zone estimated today that the seriously injured would total two thousand. This is not Including those suffering from minor cuts and others who are "walking cases." A special train Is being made up to carry more of the wounded to Windsor, where preparations have been made to care for several hundred. Burial of some of the dead may be gin late today. Snow aided the fire fighting and the flames will he confined to the ruined district of North Halifax. Numbers j of ln1 , 1rPd , trapped under falling buildings, are believed to have been burned. IDENTIFICATION BUREAU. The citizens' committee has estab lished an identification bureau where those separated from their families a re and 1 ma y ; Pa ve their name and so hope to find their relh-tives. American and British soldiers keeping close watch for thieves ghouls who will be shot. North Halifax is a vast funeral pyre today. Many In the burning ruins of this city of desolation and snow is mantling with a clouk of whit% great blackened areas bodies are incinerated , where the flames had swept, hiding! horrors beneath. Hospitals have been erowded with moaning wounded. The dead lie In ghastly heaps. A great wind is sweeping through the shat tered windows of ruined buildings. POLICE ESTIMATE. The police estimate of 2000 dead Is the latest. An equal number of seriously In jured are being cored for. Exhausted relief parties are digging desperately in the confusion of debris, hoping to find among those buried some still breathing. Many of the res cuers have tolled ceaselessly since yes terday morning, when the French mu nitionR ship Mont Blanc blew up after colU(llnK wlth a Belgian relief vessel and its exploding cargo of T. N. T. spread death broadcast. Amid the chaos of destruction, grief. horror which rcBCUors worked feverishly | sweeping I pain and ! than 0 'the rest stand out in all their few episodes more terrible frightfulness. Beneath one pile of wreckage lay a girl, Imploring God to end her agony. to reach her. But when the last timber was lifted, the girl was dead. CHILDREN BORN; DIED. Five little children were borne into one of the hospitals, er five little corpses were borne out. A woman wandered among the^lead. I She peered at face after face. When short time lat all the hospital resources of the mlll she found the one she sought she lay down beside the body. All she wanted was to stay there and die beside her loved ones. Word was received here today that tary establishment of Canada had been placed at the disposal of the shattered city. Tents, blankets, cots and all the necessities that have been assembled for the dominion's wounded soldiers may he drawn upon for the Halifax sufferers. Great quantities of these supplies are being rushed here and the Canadian Red Cross ia to take charge. The surgical workers here are over whelmed. FACING NIGHT OF TERROR.« Halifax faces another ! night of darkness and terror. Added shelterleas. j to thip )p , ha , torm . rPmB , n standing are appalling Houses which crowded with Manv people, their face» grim masks of grief are wandering about the] street» or clambering over the wreck age hunting friends. Telegrams were received today from mayors of Canada'» largest elite», ex tContinued on page Two.) Six Attacks Checked by the Italians Berlin Reports the Capture of Montesisemo and the Taking of 15,000 Addi tional Prisoners. Rome, Dee. 7.—Italian troops, com pelled the enemy to arrest his advance around Sisemol .today's official state ment declared. Six attacks were made by the Teutonic forces and as many counter thrusts by the Italians. by the war department today, follow: MONTE8ISEMO CAPTURED. Berlin, Dec. 7.—Capture of Monte slsemo and taking of 4000 additional Italian prisoners, making the total captured in the Settecommuni region was announced by the war of flee today. FIVE DEATHS FROM NATURAL CAUSES Washington, Dec. 7.—Five deaths from natural causes in the American expeditionary forces were announced They > 11 ™' Private Adolph Btedzyskl, engineers, Nov. 25, 4863 Monna Ave., East Chi cago, Ind. Private Paul A. Llndley, engineers, Dec. 4, Addy, Wash. Mechanic Charles C. McNetta, field artillery, Dec. 4, Casper, Wyo. Private William S. Matthews, steve, dore regiment, Dec. 4, Baltimore. Private Abner I.. Clark, infantry, Dec. 2, East Hampton, Mass. ANOTHERTEAM OUT OF SIX DAY RACE New Tork. Dec. 7.—Llnart and De Baets early today followed the lead of others who have found the pace of this year's six-day bicycle race too grilling and went to their quarters. At 8 o'clock the end of the 104th hour, the eight leaders had traveled 1835 miles and nine laps, with Goulett leading behind the field, while Chapman and Egg and Drnbach were still two laps Eager were three laps In the rear. The record for this time is 2051 miles and five laps. DECORATIONS GIVEN SANITARY SECTION American Field Headquarters. France, Dec. 7.—American sanitary section No. 5, serving with the French army. which has been twice cited for splen lilid conduct before the enemy, received their decorations today, Every member received the war cross and permission to wear the Fourrage (knot of braid over the shoulder) which marks a unit official ly recognised by France for bravery. BIG CROWD IN LINE FOR HIGH 8CHOOL PLAY TICKETS. That there will be a big audience at the Pinney theater tonight at the high school play. "The Pirate» of Penzance," could be seen this morning by the line up at the Pinney thater when tickets were piaced on sale. The line was nearly a block in length. MU8T EXPLAIN ADVANCES IN THE PRICE OF FISH •New York. Dec. 7.—Fish dealer» will have to tell the federal board the rea son for a resent 100 per cent increase in fish prices. They were summoned today after ftah had steadily advanced following recommendatona to the pub lie to substitute aea food» for meat at arcus times in the week. FIRST WOMAN CONDUCTOR. New York, Dec. 7.—The first woman conductor for New York's surface cars made her first run today, on a Broad way-Seventh avenue car. Conservative Estimate» Place Number of Dead at 2500 — Un des crib able Scene at Daybreak in Hal« ifax and Suburbs. \ Halifax, N. S., Dec. 7.—(By telW phone to St. John, N. B.)— The appall. Ing death toll here aa the result of thg explosion of the French munitions ship Mont Blanc when she was rammed b y the Belgian relief ship Imo hers yes. terday was steadily increasing early today with the work of rescuing bodies progressing slowly. Conservative estimates made by city officials at 9 o'clock this morning placed the dead close to 2609. Thq scene as dawn broke over th» city was undescrtbable. Here and there about the smoking ruins of wha8 had been their homes men and women scantily clad and with bloodshot eyes, clawed at the wreckage frantically with bleeding hands in an effort to find lost relatives. 80LDIERS IN CHARGE. Canadian soldiers and American sol* dlers worked side by aids searching for wounded, gathering the dead antj preserving order In Halifax. Immedi ately after the explosion, while dense clouds of white smoke were rolling over the scene of devastation, the Can adian troops were assembling, each man ready for business. Soma of those who formed ranks were bleeding from wounds. The detachment of American bluejackets which arrived some tim» after the blast, were of immense help. American relief worker» from New York, Boston and other points ar» understood to he enroute here. They have not yet arrived. When surgical help from nearby towns reached here last night the In jured were thronged around dreasing stations, awaiting their turns. THOUSANDS CUT BY GLASS. Thousands who have not other hurtg are suffering from cut» received when the air was filled with flying glass. More bodies were found today ln th» debris. Snow is rapidly cloaking sons» of the moat ghastly mounds of shat, tered wood and stone, wher» th» corpses can be seen under the rubbish. A formal Inquiry Into the cause of the collision between the French mu nition steamer Mont Blanc and th» Belgian relief ship will be made. Wit nesses believe the Belgian vessel'» steering gear broke. DRYOOCK WRECKED. The most badly damaged area of Halifax Is from Gottingen street to the stockyards. The drydock is wrecked. St. Joseph's church Is In ruins. Many big buildings were un roofed as if a tornado had swept over them. The explosion gave warning of it» coming. It was preceded by a nota» like thunder, then came the terrlfl» smash that dhook the earth, caved tn strong buildings; filled the air with death denling fragments and knocked thousands of people off their feet. Many families are believed to hav» been annihilated. PLAYED STRANGE FREAKS. The blast played strange freaks. Many doors were blown open, the lock» being ripped from their places tn th# woodwork: Live electric light wires lay in the streets. Nobody seemed to know what had happened. Then th» fire began spreading. Freight sheds in Richmond wer» pushed over like houses of cards. Many of the injured were removed by train to Windsor today. The etty was in practical darkness all night School sessions probably will not bs resumed for a month. Rome wounded pedhle were found to day lying where th£* had been hurled by the explosion. Volunteer stretcher bearers gathered them up. . DIED OF WOUNDS. Some of those found dead today had evidently died of wounds. By their postures it was apparent they mad» desperate attempts to crawl Into th» open before losing consciousness. The dead are being tagged as fast a» thoy are Identified. Several men, blinded, were found groptng fhelr way, calling for help. Weeping children, and women and wounded men. groaning mad# last night a horror for aU in the city. A special train bringing cat^pads of food, clothing and other much needed supplies arrived here this morning from St. John, N. B. Mayor Hayes and the, majority of ths jgprgsons of Sfc John have also arrived.