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MOST or OLD SECOND IDAHO ARRIVES IN FRANCE
Russia Permanently Out of the War; Separate Peace Now Inevitable EVENING This Paper Gives You the News in the Evening of the Day it Happens. 1 CAPITAL \Æ NEWS Vol. XXXIX BOISE, IDAHO, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1917. No. 152 I LANDED LAST WEEK Letters Written Just Before Departure Released by Authorities About Time They Arrived. Lieutenant John M. Regan Writes Parents on Eve of Sailing, His Communica QU tion Being Received To- j day—Boys in Fine Spirits, THE BULK OF THE IDAHO REGI MENT, REPRESENTING THE EN GINEERING SECTION OF THE OLD SECOND, SAILED FOR FRANCE ON NOV. 26. PUBLISHED STATEMENTS THAT THE IDAHO BOYS HAD ARRIVED IN FRANCE EARLIER THAN TWO WEEKS AFTER THAT TIME WERE BASED ON PURE SURMISE. THE IDAHO BOYS LANDED IN FRANCE SOMEWHERE BETWEEN THE I0TH AND 15TH OF THIS MONTH. LETTERS WRITTEN BY THEM TO HOME FOLKS JUST BEFORE THEY SAILED WERE HELD I'P BV | THE MILITARY AUTHORITIES UN TIL THEIR ARRIVAL ON THE 1 OTHER SIDE. THESE LETTERS ARE NOW BEING RECEIVED, HAV ING BEEN RELEASED AT NEW YORK ABOUT FOUR DAYS AGO. Lletenant John M. Regan of what was Co. H.. the Boise detachment, wrote his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Tim Regan, Just before the command left Camp Mills on Nov. 23 for Hoboken to take the toat early next morning. He also sent a postal written at the pier the morning of the 26th. These were deceived in Boise today. HEADED FOR "OVER THERE." Lieutenant Regan says in his letter of the 25th: "Tomorrow at 4:30 we hoard the train for Hoboken where we will take the ship for 'over there.' ''It will be eight months tomorrow since we were called again to the colors and at last we are to take the long leg of our Journey to the front. "I little thought that March morn ing that it would take so long to pre pare for the trip. As It is, our train ing is all before us." "AN HONORABLE PLACE." "So. through the winter, 'Somewhere In France,' we will prepare ourselves to take our place in the battle line. God irrant that it may be an honorable place. "IT IS WITH HIGH HEADS WE ARE SETTING OUT. We responded to our country's call to be of service and I think most of us are glnd that that service is to be active, for when a man gives up what we have given up— and far more, what our people have given up—HE WOULD NOT HAVE THAT SACRIFICE BELITTLED BY SOME PLACE LESS HONORABLE THAN HIS IDEALS. "I think it is our proudest national trait that we are glad to take equal chances one with another and that more of our men will be eager for the (Continued on Page Two.) 1C ESH AINICOOL TT Forecast for Boise and vicinity Fair and colder tonight; Thursday, fair. For Idaho: Tonight and Thursday, fair; cooler tonight. • Highest temperature yesterday, 5«; lowest temperature this morning, 44; mean temperature yesterday, 53. EVERY RED CROSS MEMBERSHIP MEANS ADDED COMFORT AND CHEER OVER THERE' GERMAN RAIDING SQUADRON PAYS ENGLAND A VISrr ...............GREATLY Two of the Planes Account ed for, According to Re port of Chief of Home De fense Forces. London, Dec. 19.—Ten persons were killed and seventy injured in a Ger man air raid over London last night, Lord French reported today. Sixteen to twenty machines partici pated, entering over the Kent and Es sex coast. One German machine was brought down over Kent and another is believed to have been accounted for over the channel. SEVERAL FIRES STARTED. The raiders flew' at a great height. Several fires were started in London by their bombs but nono caused seri ous damage. One British airman arose to a height of 13,000 feet over London to empty five drums of machine gun ammunition over a raider as he was loosing his bombs. Last night's was the first German air raid since that of Dec. 6, when the enemy sent 25 planes In an effort to reach London, two or three succeeding. CHRISTMAS DINNER COSTS 35 PER CENT MORE THAN IN 1916 Chicago, Dec. 19.—Christmas din ners have gone up 33 per cent over the 1916 price and will cost approximate ly 12 per cent more than the Thanks giving spread. Every article in the makeup of the Christmas dinner lay ont showed an increase today over Thanksgiving, which were the highest in history. Fresh turkeys were quoted on the Chicago market at 43 cents a pound. With cold storage turkeys unusuall scarce, dealers predicted prices would suffer one more boost, at least, before the final buying drive is over next week. Food administration recommenda tions for the observance of Christmas "meatless Tuesday" are aiding In keeping poultry prices at the highest on record, dealers said. NO EARLY ACTION EXPECTED IN N. J. Trenton, N. J., Dec. 19.—There is no likelihood that New Jersey will be among the first of the states to ratify the prohibition amendment to the na tional constitution. At the session of the legislature to begin next month, the state is expected to take its biggest step in liquor legis lation and pass a local option law. This will enable the various counties to de cide the wet and dry questions for themselves as a matter of home rule. While some of the local option inter ests in the legislature are for the bill as a step to prohibition, the majority have championed it solely because it Is a home rule measure and they would not be in favor of enacting legislation that would be mandatory upon the entire state ns a unit. SHOT HIS MOTHER-IN-LAW; GAVE HIMSELF UP TO POLICE Chicago, Dec. 19.—Veto Destito, 41, a musician in the Chicago Grand Opera orchestra, who shot and killed his mother-in-law, Mrs. Harriet Shurtz, and seriously wounded his wife in their home last night, gave himself up ear ly today. "They nagged me until I lost my head," Destito explained. The Destitos had been married two years. . the "price" aï I HELD FOR FIENDISH MURDER OF CHILD Olathe, Colo., Dec. 19.—John O. Bush. 40, a farmer, and his mother, -Mrs. Nancy Bush, were held by county offi cers here today pending investigation of what officers believe to be the fiendish murder of Otis Bush, the* man's 11-year-old son. According to the story told by Mrs Bush, the boy's father, punishing* him. beat him until ho fell in a dying con ditlon. Then to cover his crime, he dismembered the child's body with an axe, boiling the remains and strew them about the yard. The woman, who is 84 years old, told officers her son forced her at the point of a gun to help him dispose of the child's body. |M PHD YED AT THE CAMPS Prompt Action Taken Fol lowing Report of Surgeon G-eneral Gorgas of Suffer ing in Cantonments. Revelations Astound Con gress and Explanation Will Be Asked of Secre tary Baker—Clothing Sit uation Nearly Remedied. Washington, Dec. 19.—Orders have been issued putting into effect urgent recommendation^ made by Surgeon General Gorgas for alleviating condi tions which have led to disease and suffering in American army camps, the war department stated today. Gorgas' recommendations and state ment of conditions as he found them in the camps were given nearly a month ago. They were publicly re vealed only yesterday, but were promptly fol * owed by the ch ief of staff, it was stated. In accordance with Gorgas* recom mendations orders were issued giving a tent for every five men instead of nine, along with establishment of ob servation camps, installation of plumbing in hospitals and expediting issue of heavy clothing. REVELATIONS ASTOUNDING. "The conditions revealed are as tounding," said Senator Chamberlain, chairman of the military affairs com mittee. today. "The committee has planned all along to go into them fully when the proper officials take the stand." Committee members also want to kno\v why Secretary Baker several times stated that proper clothing was being provided for men as fast as they were being sent to camp. In the house, Jeanette Rankin' olutlon for an investigation o: , ! ! I I I res- j the j health and hospital records at Camp Mills, Hempstead, L. I„ will next I month bring up the entire cantonment ! situation. MARKED IMPROVEMENT. j The war department said today there has been a marked improvement as a ! result of the changes already ordered, j Camp Wheeler, where measles and ; pneumonia have been epidemic, has ! shown a gratifying decrease in both, it j ■was stated. ! The clothing situation is now nearly j remedied all around #md the war de- | partment believes that hence forth j there will be less reason for complaint ! as to sanitary conditions. j But the senate military affairs com mtttee is preparing • to grill former | Quartermaster General Sharpe when he takes the witness stand Friday in the senate military Inquiry. Sharpe was responsible for provid ing clothing for the troops. COMMITTEE STIRRED. Gorgas' report that men were suf fering through bitter weather because summer clothing was all that has been Issued to them has stirred the com mittee. Senator Wadsworth, New York, who recently visited a number of camps brought back the same infor mation. More of it has been received in letters and telegrams from relatives of men in cantonments, some of whom have died and others of whom have been made seriously ill because of lack of sanitation or proper clothing. All the facts for congressional prob ing will be promptly available, for Gorgas' department, spurred by the committee on public information, long since adopted the policy of absolute frankness. His first revelation cov ered conditions at pneumonia stricken Camp Wheeler, Macon, Ga. Now, after a personal inspection, he has revealed that serious disease epi (Continued on Page Two.) WOUNDED FROM FRANCE BROUGHT TO A U. S. PORT Two Thousand Maimed Canadians to Be Sent to Their Homes Through This Country. An Atlantic Port, Dec. 19.—The first ship to put in at an American port, carrying ns its cargo human war wreckage—the wounded and maimed from the battlefields in France, ar rived here today. It was a British liner with more than 2000 Canadians aboard. Under normal conditions, the ship would have gone direct to Halifax. Ow ing to the explosion which partially wrecked that city, however, the con valescent wounded were taken off here, and will be sent to Canada by train as rapidly as» possible. Canadian officers and their staffs ard here to care for the wounded. Ar rangements have been made for spe cial docking privileges for the ship, which will bring the wounded men as close to transportation centers as pos sible so that fhey can readily be moved In ambulances to dominion-bound trains. SCENES NEW TO AMERICA. Scenes new to America, despite the fact that she has been in the war since April, were presented as the British ship moved slowly up the bay today. Men with heads bandaged and sw r athed in yards of gauze, men with their arm or hobbling on crutches, were to seen lining the rails. These were the most lightly wounded soldiers. More serious cases were below decks. It was to care for them that ambulances were summoned from hospitals and automobiles were sent hurrying toward the water front. Included among the wounded were men who fought at Vimy ridge. Of the total number of wounded, upward of one fourth were officers. The British Red Cross flag flew from Ihe mast of the liner as she brought her touch of war closer to America. In her war paint, a dizzy mixture of lines and colors, the liner made her way through warships now in the harbor and proceeded toward her pier after being quickly passed by officials of the port. A CHEERFUL CROWD. There was no moaning when the first great shipload of wounded that Amer ica has seen, put into dock today. There was something like 2000 con valescent Canadian soldiers aboard the great vessel. All who viete able to walk scrambled to the sides of the ship to get their glimpse of the American . t0 bodies, harbor, shouted gleefully at American | soldiers on duty there and acted as if they were just tickled to death to get back home again. Few of war's horrors were visible on the firpt of the ship's burden to show themselves on the docks. The invalids and "non-walking cases'* were all be low decks, so the landing partook more of a Jollification than a misery meeting, "Are you downhearted, Sammy?" Yelled one Canadian soldier to a trim a nd husky-looking American, standing | wl t h his Bun on "sentry-go" at the j dock. ! No! the American retorted, grin j n ' n ®' •'">11," the Canadian yelled back, | tht«' 11 make you homesick." There were laughs and cheers. Thon the American shouted back across tho ever lessening width of water between the dock and the ship. "You'll get no beer here." "We're glad we're going back to Canada," the chorus came. "Can't we even get two per cent beer." • "Not a chance," the Sammy solemnly assured them. The Canadian wounded will be transported to Canada as fast as pos sible by special trains. No nurses or physicians were necessury to attend to them at the docks. On board the ship were a number of Canadian women, some of thdm being returned from England, in accordance with the Brit ish government's rules that families of soldiers should stay at home. Every sort of British uniform was represented in the groups that throng ed the rails, highlanders, artillerymen, aviators, infantrymen and everything olse. One of those aboard was Captain M. R. Taylor, of Macon, Ga.^ a member jf the Canadian Royal Flying corps. He was injured in a fall suffering concussion of the spine and was re turned with his wife and six weeks old baby. The wife is a resident of Tor onto. HEAVY FIGHTING IN ODESSA STREETS ODESSA, DEC. 19.— UKRÀNIAN TROOPS AND BOLSHEVIKI GUARDS ARE FIGHTING IN THH STREETS HERE TODAY. THE OPERA HOUSE. HEADQUARTERS OF THE UK RANI ANS, HAS BEEN EQUIPPED WITH MA. CHINE GUNS, WHICH HAVE BEEN TURNED ON THE BOLSHEVIKI. WHO ARE REPLYING WITH RIFLE FIRE. BOLSHEVIKI TROOPS HAVE SURROUNDED SOME UKRANIANS AT THE RAILWAY STATIONS. • ALL BUSINESS IN THE CITY HAS BEEN SUSPENDED. THE TROOPS ON BOTH SIDES CUT ALL TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH WIRES IN THE CITY PROPER AND THERE IS GREAT DISORDER. THE UKRANIAN REBELS' MACHINE GUNS ARE ACCURATELY TRAINED ON THE BOLSHEVIKI HEADQUATERS IN THE CITY'S TWO PRINCIPAL STREETS. Petrograd, Dec. 19. —Heavy fighting at Odessa was reported today. The Maximal ists still hold the port. Ukranian troops are shelling them. The Bolsheviki war office also announced today that their forces are advancing to ward Kief. Cossack rebels are attacking Astrakba. ~ The Bolsheviki government today served an ultimatum on the Ukranians, demand ing that they cease granting aid to the Cossack rebellion of General Kaledina within 48 hours, or else a state of war would be declared against them. Miracle Can From Only Save Negotiating Russia Peace Wrong Being Done by the Bolsheviki Will Be Irrepar able, Because New Government Will Be Powerless to Re-open War, Once Peace Is Established—Germany Will Agree to Terms She Has No Idea of Observing. Washington. Dec. 19.—A separate peace between Russia and Germany Is Inevitable and nothing less than a miracle will prevent its consummation, un less Russia shakes herself free from the strangle-hold of Bolshevlkism, Russian officials predicted today. "The effects of a separate peace between Russia and Germany cannot be 'over-estimated,'' a Russian official stated. "Once a separate peace has been signed, the action will be Irreparable. Germany realizes this and will let no obstacle stand in her way. She will even make concessions which she has no Intention of keeping in order to further the criminal actions of the Bolsheviki/* TO ACCEPT C j a j TO ACCEPT RUSSIAN TERMS. Official forecast at the embassy is that Germany and Austria will com ply with Trotzky's "no annexation, no contribution, and self definition of boundaries," demands. The Teutons' foreign ministers prob ably # also will agree not to use any forces now on the Russian front against the allies—because the Ger mans no longer have a formidable force stationed there. What forces stationed along the Russian front that have not been transported to other fronts or replaced by weaker units, have been withdrawn mostly far enough from the line to place them out of the Jurisdiction of "the Joker" in Trotzky's peace program. PERMANENTLY OUT OF WAR. "Conclusion of a separate peace, which now seems inevitable,'' an offi said, "will be an irreparable wrong to loyal Russia and her allies. Once separate articles have been signed, Russia will be permanently (Continued on Page Two.) LAST MINUTE NEWS REASON FOR PEACE OFFER. Tokio, Dec. 19.—Official reports to the Japanese government today confirmed the impression here that the kaiser's Christmas peace offer will be made in an effort to ap pease the people of Germany be fore Field Marshal von Hinden burg undertakes formidable new drives ih the western and Italian theaters of war. AGAINST BOLSHEVIKI. Tokio, Dec. 19.—The Bolsheviki polled 40 per cent of the vote cast In the elections for the constituent assembly held in Siberia, according to advices received here today. The same dispatches, however indicate that the sentiment against the Bolsheviki Is spreading rapidly in tlfe principal cities. ITALIANS CAPTURED. Berlin, Dec. 19.—More than 2000 Italians were taken prisoner by Teutonic forces which stormed Monte Asolone nnd positions northwest and northeast of that height, today's official statement asserted. KILLED BY MOTOR BANDITS Gary, Ind., Dec. 19.—An uniden tified negro was shot and killed and Mike Binzen, a saloonkeeper was seriously wounded by four motor bandits this afternoon, who escaped with $10,000 which the merç were carrying from a bank. DANIELS CERTAIN HIS DEPARTMENT WILL GET AN 0. K. Secretary of Navy Incensed That House Committee Pays Attention to "Nasty, Petty Things." Washington, Dec. 19.—An attack on construction of submarine chasers marked the beginning of the house na val investigation today, followed by a sharp tilt between Secretary Daniels and Representative Britten, Illinois. That the millions put into these craft had been virtually a dead loss ap peared to be Britten's conviction. He attempted to draw from Secretary of the Navy Daniels, first wftness, the (Continued on Page Two.) ENEMY AGENTS AT WORK. A Pacific Port, Dec. 19.—Federal agents today searched for alien enemies believed responsible for the crippling of the new tug Dread nought us a re.*^ilt of finding bolt heads in the engine cylinders as the vessel started to make her trial trip. The tug had been requisi tioned by the government IN ACCORD WITH WILSON. London, Dec. 19.—Foreign Min ister Balfour announced in tho house of commons this afternoon that President Wilson's war policy "was identical with that of the leaders of Great Britain." The foreign secretary referred to the statement of war aims announced by President Wilson in his address to congress Dec. 4. KILLED AT BOMB PRACTICE. San Diego, Cal., Dec. 19.—Lieu tenant Irving McCracken of San Antonio, Tex., is dead and Lieuten ant H. G. Brown, of Denver, Colo., ' is injured, as the result of the ex plosion of a hard grenade at Camp Kearney. Flying fragments hit tho two men, who were engaged in bomb practice. REPORT ON AIR RAID. Berlin, Dec. 19.—"Our aviators effectively attacked London, Ramsgate and Margate," an offi cial staement declared today. SOCIALISTS OPPOSED TO PEACE PLAN FOR RUSSIA Anti-militarists of the Cen tral Powers Fear the Re sult of German Victory in West. International Socialist Bu reau Actively at Work Against Kaiser—Call to Be Issued for Congress to Discuss Situation. By JOSEPH SHAPLEff. Stockholm* Dec. 19.—Socialists of the central powers oppose a separata peace with Russia. They fear such a step ms y so strengthen the German Imperialists that Germany's Socialists will be wiped out forcibly. Word to this effect was brought bars today by International Socialist bu reau officials. Tho bureau is exerting strong pres sure on both Russian and German So cialists against such a peace. TO CALL CONGRE88. The central powers Socialists, ft wag stated will call immediately a congress to discuss formal rejection of a sep arate peace. Secretary Huysmans of the Interna tional Socialist bureau, Implored Philip Scheldemann, leader of the German majority Socialists now here to retftro to Berlin and oppose a separate peace. Other German Socialists here told the United Press today that their ob jection to a separate peace would soon be formally registered. Their opposl tion, it was stated, was "due to grow ing audacity expressed in the war aims of rulers of the central powers," ad ded to the open boasting of the im perialist ôérman press. FEAR GERMAN VICTORY. Socialists of tht^central powers are apprc»hensiv6*that a peace with Russia might permit Germany to mass enough men for a victory on the west front, increasing tho prestige of the militar ists in Germany and giving them an opportunity utterly to 'Crush out all German Socialism. Dr. Weltner, leader of the Hungar ian Socialists, arrived here today, in company with Huysmans. He told the United Press that more than 120,000 people attended a great demonstration at Budapest on Nov. 24, which demands ed a general—not a separate— peace and that the central powers openly state their war alms. The gathering. Dr. Weltner declared, rejected a sep arate peace pl»in with Russia, openly holding such a move to present "the greatest possible danger to Democ racy." % RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED. Subsequently, according to Weltner, a congress of Hungarian Socialists, discussing the same subject, adopted resolutions urging Huysmans and tho International Socialist bureau immed iately to call a general conference of Socialists at Stockholm to prevent < oiiHLimmation of the plan.