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German Raiders Drop Ex
plosives on American Camp and Two Privates in Pershing's Army Slain. Moonlight Night's and Snow Covered Country Make Conditions Ideal for Raids —Bombers Welcomed by the Sammies. With the American Army In France. Dee. It.—Two American sold 1er«, mem bers et a woodcutter's division, were killed on a recent moonlight evening when a German aviator dropped bomba en their camp, Both victims of the raider were pri va tee. IDEAL NIGHTS FOR RAIDS. Panant nights hava been Ideal for raiders. A brilliant moon lights up tbs snow-oovered country like a mid night son. Last night It waa possible to read a newspaper out of doors In the reflected light Precautions such as extinguishing all lights In the American camps and Tillages are scant protection when the mood night shows the camps and men sharply outlined on the whits snow. Aeroplane motors are occasionally heard all over the American sons. For the most part the Sammies boyishly hope for a visit from the raider», Just to relieve the monotony of every-day drills. INQ ÜÏRY BEGUN INTO ALLEGED PLOTS TO POISON SOLDIERS Camp Dodge, la., Deo. 28 .—Investiga tion Into possible plots to poison se lective service soldiers here through powdered glass In canned goods and cereals was begun today. The finding of powdered glass In several cans of tomatoes last night resulted today In recalling of all canned goods of the brand found with the glass. The to matoes were canned In a Missouri cannery which produces the Airline brand. • The examination of canned goods and other food products sent to the cantonment will be more closely ex amined hereafter before being served. HEAVY GUARD KEPT AT GRAIN ELEVATORS Chicago, Dec. 28.—Grain elevators in .n cities and towns along the Michi gan Central railroad were under heavy guard today as the result of an •llagd plot to destroy them during the holidays week. The plot, according to the Chicago is part of a general scheme of the I. W. W. to destroy military ne osasttles throughout the middle west. Ttie evidence Is said to have been ob tained by railroad operativem who sent out the warning. GERMANS FAIL TO RENEW ASSAULTS Parts, Deo. 28. —German foroes be yond Verdun did not again attempt to day their assaults against French lines hut contented themselves with shelling CAurleres wood, today's official state giant reported. In Lorrain* around Veho, an In creasingly Intense bombardment throughout the night was reported. PRO-GERMAN UNDER ARREST. Houston, Tex., Dee. 28.—PAul Grosse, wealthy grain merchant, oil magnate and one of the most prominent Amerl can born Germans In Texas was Jailed here today on charges of violating the espionage act Officials are Investi gating Grosse's alleged activities "giving actual aid to Germany." IDAHO APPOINTMENTS. (Capital News Special Service) Washington, Dec. 28.—Miss Myrtle Triplett, Moscow, has been appointed a clerk In the war department. Rachel E. Parry and Louise Riley have been appointed clerks In. the posloffice at Pocatello. Albert F. Brown has been appointed carrier at Boise postofftce. MAJOR MAY« WILL ACT AS MEDICAL ADVISER Washington, Dec. 28.—Major Will iam J. Mayo, one of the famous Mayo brothers, was today ordered to report to Rochester, Minn., and hereafter serve as medical adviser of Minnesota, Milk UTUdS ÜL1SL A Nutritious Diet for AU Afe*. Kaep Horttck'a Always an Hand Ouk* Low*'; Hof»« or 04*-' PNEUMONIA STILL CLAIMING MANY IN ARMY CAMPS Increase in Death Rate in National Army for Week Ending Dec. 21—Decrease in National Guard. Washington, Dec. 28.—Decreases In the death rate at national guard camps and Increases In the national army rate for the week ending Dee. 21 were recorded today by Surgeon General Gorgas. Pneumonia continues to be the ravaging element In all camps, S7 deaths out of 128 In national guard camps and 77 out of the 118 deaths In the national army camp during the week being due to this germ. Health conditions In national army camps are Improved except In the Eighty-first, Eighty-second, Eighty seventh, Eighty-ninth and Ninetieth divisions. The pneumonia rate has gen erally decreased except In the Eighty fourth and Nlntleth divisions. MEASLES SPREADING. Meningitis Is also generally lowered. Measles has continued to spread In the camps of the Thirty-fourth, Thirty fifth and Fortieth dlvlblons of the na tional guard. Many new cases of pneumonia have been reported In the Thirty-first, Thir ty-sixth, Thirty-fourth and Fortieth di visions. Mumps has been discovered In large number In both the national guard and national army camps. FORMER MEMBER OF LEGISLATURE DEAD (Capital News Special Service.) Idaho Falls, Dec. 28.—Joseph S. Mulltnor, aged 60, died at his home in Iona on Monday evening. Mr. Mulllner was one of the old residents of this sec tion, having located here In 1884. In 1900 he served the old'Bingham county as representative, and In 1906 served as state senator. \lr. Mulllner was bom In Salt Lak<a i>ec. 19. 1857. He had been in 111 health for a number of years. Beside his wife he leaves six children: Joseph S., Jr., former sheriff of this county and a resident of Idaho Falls; H. Leroy, of Balt Lake, former county attorney of Salt Lake county; Mrs. Mary Anpe Lockwood, of Iona; Mrs. Emma Stanger of Iona, and Mrs. Gertrude Lee, wife of the probate Judge of this county. NEXT. CALL (Continued from Page One) machinery last summer when the first call waa supplied. Under government operation of the railroads. It Is expected also that the men will be moved to camps more j promptly and with lesa oonfusion than before. LIST OF SPECIALISTS. Meantime the draft machinery la preparing a list of specialists of every variety—artisans of every kind and ex perts In every line—to be ready to an swer any demands from General Pershing or the chief of staff for ex perts. These specialists will be taken from every clàss in the questionnaire. Approximately 180,000 men of the 687,000 men summoned last summer, are awaiting orders to move to camp. Ten states and the District, of Co lumbia have now furnished their full first call quota. These "100 per rent states" are: Virginia, Maine, Califor nia, IDAHO, Montana, Nevada, Ore gon, Utah, Wyoming and Washington. That section of western Pennsylvania which sent men to Camp Sherman also has furnished Its full quota. Remaining states have furnished 85 to 90 per cent of their quotas. TURNS HOME OVER AS WAR HOSPITAL ■ . ' '■ v ' . V.... igjj. , ^ * ■ - *35 z '/J' //X - / Lady Scott Lady Frances Scott, one of the handsomest of England's peeresses, has turned over her London home as a recuperating station for wounded ToraTnl»*; • BeLL-ANS Absolutely Removes Indigestion. Druggists refund money if it fails. 25c MILLIONS TO BE SLICED OFF THE ROADS' PAYROLL No Fabulous Salaries to Be Paid Executives by War Administration of Rail road Lines. Washington, Dec. 28.—Director Mc Adoo of the United States railroad plans to slice millions of uselessly j by . . ,, __ spent dollars from the payrolls of that ^,. and the line. This is part of the general econ omy program which he will eventually put into effect. Every atom of extra gliding on the railroad dollar signs, will be chipped off. Fabulous railroad presidents' salaries will come tumbling down or disappear altogether. Millions paid to elaborate staffs of freight solicitors will be lopped off. Expensive passenger "traffic-tickling" departments will be done away with. Duplication of ex pensive administrative forces at great terminals will be stopped. FOR RIGID ECONOMIES. "Rigid economies will be effected as soon I get my hand more firmly on the problem," said the director general to day. "Until then ft Is useless to spec ulate on precisely what I shall do fur ther than to say that this great enter prise will be run with a minimum of expense and a maximum of adequate service." Financial geniuses elected presidents of railroads for their money getting and money handling powers will be useless now that government control makes the roads' credit perfect. Many of these men either will step out of the railroad game for the duration of the war or become ' dollar-a-year'' men for the govebnmenL Other officials, made unnecessary by government control, later will drap out or be transferred to other work. ENORMOUS SALARY ROLL. General and division officers of American roads during 1916 received $53,200,650 in pay checks, a little more than 2 per cent of the total of all rail road employes' salaries paid during that year. All other employes re ceived $1,412,579,190, or an average of $868.69 per person per year. Big railroad presidents' salaries range from $25,000 to $75,000. Four are reported to receive $75.000 each, 10 others $50,000 each, and the remainder on a scale down. TO REDUCE ADVERTISING. Several millions tied up in expen j R l ve notional railroad advertising cam palgns and other millions spent by the individual roads in merchandising themselves to the public will be clipped off when the director general gets around to It. It la not likely that any large num ber of clerks will be put out of jobs by reorganization of the terminal admin istration under the government unifi cation plan because office staffs have been reduced by calls to war service already. If additional employes are needed, women will be employed w her ever possible to release men for duty with the colors. NEW OFFER (Continued from Page One.) "no annexation, no indemnifies,'' is re garded merely as a trap to appeal to the unthinking, whereas anything spe ctfic she has mentioned does not take care of broad problems like Belgium which must be settled. By some, Germany Is seen stalling badly for time, not desiring to make a separate peace with Russia, until it la seen what will come out of the pres ent chaos In the republic. ATTITUDE UNCHANGED. Aboslutely no change In this gov ernments attitude toward peace has developed, it Is officially declared. The government views with suspicion the new German move even as it places little faith In anything coming from the house of Hohcnzollern. It sees nothing new In the Teuton offer which gives hope for consideration at this time. HEAVY FIGHTING IN STREETS OF HARBIN BEFORE SURRENDER Tokio, Dec. 28.—Two hours of street fighting preceded the surrender of the Bolshevikl forces In Harbin to Chi nese troops, according to a foreign of fice dispatch today. There were nearly 2500 Bolshevik! under arms In the city. They refused orders of the Chinese commanders to withdraw from the residence section, but were finally overwhelmed by the C h l*n e s e, surrendering Wednesday morning. The Chinese immediately disarmed the Russians and stored all arms and munitions, taking' considerable sup plies from the Russian barracks. Foreign consuls were notified there would be no furtlier trouble. Harbin has been torn with factional strife for weeks and Chinese intervention w'as de cided upon after vain protests by rep resentatives« of all nations in that city. NOTICE RED MEN. There will be election of officers to night followed by corn and venison. R. E. Weniger. Great Chief of records will visit the Council meeting and a full attendance is desired. J. M. GLENN, Sachem. f D"« WAR BOARD (Continued from Page One.) by merabers of the Interstate commerce commission, today McAdoo took up his ^,. eat WO rk "before some one awoke to the fact that 'the hour' had passed." The great American railroad, leased and operated by the United States gov ernment, came Into existence at noon today. War freight has the right of way henceforth. Simultaneously the railroad war board, consisting of leading rail exe cutives, conferred with Director Gen eral McAdoo regarding details of op erations to follow transfer of their lines. This was the only feature marking the most Important step the president has taken since mobilizing an army for the war. On the transportation sys tem of the country depends largely what will happen to the kaiser In 1918, McAdoo says. And upon MoAdoo's ad ministration of the roads under federal control depends eventual government ownership, politicians declare. TAKES UP GREAT TASK. In a little office off those occupied His first order is expected to call for pooling of all freight, equipment, ter minals, etc., that may contribute to Immediate relief of freight congestion. Hereafter shipments will not be con fined to any one line, but to the one great system war freight will be given precedence over all other traffic. McAdoo's intentions, pending enact ment of needed legislation by congress, are to disturb present operation of the railroads as little as possible. He will direct through existing agencies tem porarily. But meantime he is drawing plans for a highly centralized business organization, the fabric of which was officially outlined to the United Press today as follows; THE RAILROAD ORGANIZATION. W. G. Mc Adoo is director general and the single controlling head, assuming all powers and all responsibility. An assistant director general in a personal advisory capacity to the direc tor general. This man will be a man of brofid railroad and financial experi ence, though not officially connected with any railroad to be a "buffer" be tween railroad interests and the direc tor general. John Skelton Williams, former president of the Seabo<ard Air line and present controller of the cur rency, Is mentioned for this post. Three chiefs, on whose shoulders will fall the actual operation. These will be a director of operations, a director of traffic and a director of finance. PHYSICAL OPERATION. The director of operations will be the man told to get cars rolling in the most efficient, economic and practical man ner regardless of any interests except those of the public and the paramount one of winning the war. He would enforce the vast pooling of rolling stock, terminals and other equipment made possible by government adminis tration. In short, all problems of ac tual physical operation will be up to this man, subject, of course, to direc tion of Director General McAdoo. In view of his duties, this man, it was regarded a certainty, will he some, prominent, broad-visioned railroad op erator. Several, including Daniel Wil lard, president of the Baltimore & Ohio, Hale Holden, president of the Bur lington, and Fairfax Harrison, presi dent of the Southern, are mentioned. The director of traffic, it is presumed, will regulate priority and direct move ment of uQ freight, co-ordinating with the director of operations. to will the ing operations. COMPENSATION FEATURE. The director of finance wifi handle the fiscal adjustments between the road owners and the government, un der provisions of the legislation con gress wilj pa.«»s at the president's re quest. In addition to working out the equitable compensation or ' rental'' the government will pay the roads; it is presumed he will also attend to the payroll of the million railroad workers who will have a new boss in the gov ernment. Matters of investment of government moneys in road improve ments and added rolling stock; *ui*J of disposing of any excess earning the government may make, also are ex pected to come under him. Below these three sub-heads, highly centralized working organizations will gradually be evolved, utilizing presept railroad organizations as far as Is compatible with the plan of divorocing private interest from the management. This plan given today as the "prob able and logical" arrangement, it was emphasized, may not be wholly adopt ed at the outset. TO ACT CAUTIOUSLY. Director General McAdoo announced the first steps will be taken cautious ly to avoid Budden disadjustment of traffic. Existing organizations, too, must be weighed that every positive force may be utilized in the recon struction. Legislation to be asked of congress Immediately after the recess, besides defining the fiscal relationship of the plap, will provide for transferring to Uncle Ham's payroll the one million odd railroad workers, for creating a wage adjustment board or director, and prohably for the prevention of strikes It was stated today. McAdoo's plans to compensate rail roads on a basis of the average net in come of the last three years, the gov ernment to retain all over this sum for maintenance, new projects, and rea sonable dividends to stockholders, will constitute the crux of the conference between railroad officials and Ml Adoo today. Congress will also talk Itself hoarse on the government's decision lo com pensate the railroads on a basis of the maximum earnings of the past three years Instead of the pre-war period. NO GOVERNMENT LOAN. The railroads regard the govern ment's intervention primarily as finan cial relief. The war board at today's meeting with McAdoo made pointed in quiries regarding the extent to which they can now count on his aid in ob taining needed funds to finance im provements A government loan is not wanted, they stated, nor any appro a to If McAdoo will appeal to the public to buy railroad securities «s they buy liberty bonds, or if the government will itself buy the securities, the railroads will finance themselves, the board TO MAKE GOOD DEFICITS. The railroads predict that advancing expenses will necessitate the govern ment making good a deficit on most of the roads. Diversion of freight, pool ing of equipment and other war effi ciency measures will make some lines prosperous and reduce the revenues of , others. The guarantee of net Income, ; however, will protect all roads. In England the government takes the i surplus of the prosperous lines and j uses it to make up the deficits on lines stripped of commercial freight for \ moving troops and munitions free. j McAdoo has power to order dividends j cut. As the guarantee merely serves j net income, the division of this income may be varied to provide more for im- j provements than in past years, just as j stockholders have enjoyed different ' dividends in the past. By general or >pecial orders, the 1 president's proclamation provides. Me- | Adoo may do moat anything he deems , necessary to run the railroads as a war machine solely for efficiency and vic tory. NO GOVERNMENT BUREAU. The only guarantee the roads have that he w'ill not supersede the present Individual managements with a great government bureau occupying several buildings here, with branches every where, is the assurance they are re ported to bave received from the pres ident to the contrary. In giving this assurance to the rail road executives, the president is re ported ter have said: "And gentlemen, T believe I can con trol my deputy," which brought a gen eral laugh of good feeling. President Wilson is reliably reported to have told the railroads' war board that McAdoo will function principally through them temporarily. In the midst of war, the president said he did not desire to demoralize the great indus trial plant in the world. The exequ adnfitted to them their inability pe with the present crisis under existing laws and with existing diffi culties In financing. Therefore gov ernment. Intervention was decided on. M'ADOO REALIZES HIS RESPONSIBILITY Washington, Dec. 28. — "Goodbye,, gentlemen; pray for the director gen eral of railroads." Thus did Secretary McAdoo conclude his first conference with newspaper men since becoming railroad adminis trator. "We must get shot to pieces back of the lines as well as in them," the sec retary said, "and I, for one, am willing to take mine wherever it is thought l can do the most good. "No sane man would want such a tremendous responsibility as this po sition entails, and I ask each of you that you keep in mind there is not one particle of politics in the entire gov ernmental administration at this time. I ask your co-operation." your Li (Continued from Page One) thing else. And vet this moment ha» been selected by Sir Edward Carson to treat that proposal with scorn and contempt." Henderson outlined Carson's recent speech at Portsmouth in which he de clared that "not speaking lightly, we knew Austria and Turkey did not want to continue." READY FOR SETTLEMENT. "Aren't we justified," Hendrson con tinued, "in concluding that Austria and Turkey are ready for a settlement, provided the government is prepared j to deal with them as Germany js deal-1 tng with Russia? Why wasn't a sim- J liar course pursued, especially with re- j gard to Turkey, by us? Did we prefer , to take Jerusalem forcibly? Is it sur- j prising, that neutrals, Russia, even America, can suspect us of annexation- j 1st designs?" "Labor must demand a clarification j of Britain's position, if the workers are called for further sacrifices. "This does not mean the white feather. Labor does not desire that Germany he admitted to a league of nations while intoxicated by her mili tary triumphs, but the allies should make it clear that the struggle will continue only for principles and ideals, and not for conquest. "Labor asks an opportunity to as certain how Germany is prepared to accept the laborite peace proposals." The convention late this afternoon adopted practically unanimously the laborite war alms which in effect pledge adherence to the principles an nounced by President Wilson. A motion previously by Havelock Wilson to reject the labor war aims memorandum practically supporting p rPs jd e nt Wilson's outline, was lost by a vote of 343 to 12. WOMAN ARRESTED FOR 4 ABANDONING HER CHILDREN. Pontiac, Mich., Dec. 28.—Mrs. Marion Gordonoff Is under arrest charged with abandoning her three children, ngrtl one, two und three years. When found by neighbors the two younger children were partly frozen and there was no fire In the house. The mother, found at work In a pool room, said her husban l had deserted her, the county had re fused to take her children and she was tired of caring for them. CONFESSES EMBEZZLEMENT. Grand Rapids, Mirh. .Dec. 28.—Al exander Krokowski, clerk of the supe rior court here, voluntarily surrendered and confessed that he had embezzled approximately 210,000 paid the court In coets and fines. Three hours later he was sentenced to from three' to ten years In Ionia prison. FOR GENERAL HOSPITAL. Washington. Dec. 28.—Location of a general hospital at Excelsior Springs. Mo., la under consideration by the war department, which today ordered Major Frank N. Chitton, there to Inspect a TODAY, TOMORROW THEBATTLE OF ARRAS FURTHER PICTURES OF THE MIGHTY STRUGGLE j J j , j j j LUIS MEREDITH IN THE VIVID DRAMA IN THE HANDS OF THE LAW TELLS A ROMANTIC STORY, REVEALS A SWIFT SUCCESSION OF STARTLING AND STIRRING INCIDENTS AND CLOSES WITH A SURPRISE CLIMAX WHOLLY UNEXPECTED AND TENSELY THRILLING. TOM SAWYER WITH JACK PICKFORD IS A HIT AT THE STRAND FIRST MOTION PICTURES OF THE HALIFAX DISASTER STRAND TOMORROW ISIS Today "THE STAINLESS BARRIER." IT'S A TRIANGLE PICTURE. THE FRANCO TRIO 3—CLEVER PEOPLE—3 KEEFER AND ALBERTS.' "THE END .OF THE BOOK." TODAY ONLY, ADDED ATTRACTION. CHARLES CHAPLIN IN "THE FLOORWALKER." SPECIAL Friday and Saturday One pound of Writing Paper and 25 Envelopes, with q(* • wallet flap and linen finish......................... 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