Newspaper Page Text
SATURDAY. EVENING CAPITAL NEWS ALL THE NEWS FIRST VOL. XLI. BOISE, IDAHO, FRIDAY, JAN. 17, 1919 No. 183. BORAH INSISTS PEACE PARLEY BE KEPT OPEN ELSE USELESS Idaho Solon With Senator Lewis Denounces Effort to Keep Versailles Conclave Activities From Public. SAYS SENATE SHOULD BACK WILSON DEMAND Fears Abolition of War Impos sible Unless Treaties Con summated Via Old World Means of Secret Diplomacy. Washington. Jan. 17—The sen ate today assured President Wil son of its emphatic support in his fight against secrecy in the peace conference. Republicans and Dem ocrats alike, spoke in unmea sured condemnation of any at tempt to "bottle up'' the peace news, or keep the American peo ple in ignorance of the steps taken toward a lasting perce. Senators Borah and Johnson, California, Republicans, and Bow is and Williams, Democrats, united in declaring: That secret diplomacy now will defeat the end for which the war was fought and the peace con ference called—a lasting peace. That no European or set of Europeans must be allowed to prevent President Wilson from keeping his promise of lull pub licity to the American people. That former close associations with the allies must not he per mitted to close the mouth of the American people and no delicate considerations for the feelings of allowed to shield trying to impose others must be ; those who ; ire t on th« confe rene< That th« ( »ffori preside tit on the points is a fore mit y t ■xisting ah his other pei ice i That the ( lema shows that at of the on to some of un siatr . 1 as ever. i'ii i t ion in addition, Johnson demanded that p definite American i> >lh y b. formu lated to brine : bout us i . d 1 1 «. is pt - -iblo -• pa rat ion of \i u-r < m f • m E h opi.an affail s. Washington, Jan 17 Socrory in the pence confM' Ui .- means .mother world var. Senator Lewis. Illinois, Demo cratic whip, today declared in the senate. Lewis echoed criticism of the reported "bottling lip of the peace conference." voiced by Senator Borah, Idaho, who declared with lewis, that continuation of secret diplomacy means that the dream of world peace will not come true. After reading dispatches from Paris ♦.riling of the appar* n; derision to Close the conference to newspaper cor respondents, Bore ii said he had been Informed the subj*. t had been re opened with sonn i• : • ; « *<'t of a modi fication of the se. recy order. SHOULD SUPPORT WILSON. "For this reason," said Borah, "the Renate should go on r* cord as support ing emphatically the view of the Am erican delegation on open sessions. ' There can be no doubt from Presi dent Wilson's langue g* on January S that the first «»I his 11 peace terms meant np''i. se ssions ol tin- e* a«-«- eon press. lie was careful to say that peace treaties should not only open but that they should be openly arrived at. Secret diplomat y has left a trail (Continued on Page Two.) French Press Says Wilson's Plan for Full Representation Biggest Triumph to Date. By ROBERT J BENDER. Paris, Jan. 17. On the eve of the formal opening of the full peace con gress, it maj be stated authoritatively that today President Wilson Is folding! more optimistic regarding the general: situation than at any time since his nrrival in Europe. When preliminary j conferences were resumed today it was | expected the delegates would take prompt action on publicity demands' P rmulated by the committee of news-j paper correspondents. j The president is known to he strong-| 1y appreciative of the support of both: American and foreign correspondents of his ideas of "open covenants of j peace, openly arrived at," and he be- j Sieves the desired publicity will bel ac hieved. That press delegations of all coun tries will attend tomorrow's formal opening, when President Poincare will make a welcoming address an«l other Raders will reply, already has been practically settled. Fear 500 Die In Sinking of French Liner Palermo, Jan. là (Delayed) Five hundred passengers were missing today from the French steamer Xhsproi, (Chaproi), which struck a mine in Messina strait and sank in four minutes. 'Flic steam* a vessel ot 4600 tons, had 67.0 , ssengers aboard. The British o .liter Cageston saved 150. The ; mainder are be lieved to haw perished. The Xhaproi sailed lr-an Marseilles. Neither Chaproi or the Lägest on are registered in Lloyds. It is possible the names were garbled in cable transmission. Messina strait separates Sicily from Italy. It D a narrow, deep waterway with a strong tidal cur rent which Is very dangerous to shipping. The mythical monsters, Scylla and Charydba, were situ ated on this strait. Scylla, a rock, was located < n the Ltalian side and Charybda, a. whirl pool, was on the Sicilian side. RED CHIEFTAIN SHOT DEAD IN ESCAPE FROM EBERT GUARDS Liebknecht Stabbed Captor. Then Fled Only to Be Killed; Rosa Lux mburg Met Death at Hands of Mob. By FR ANK J. TA Y LOR. Berlin. Jan. 16. Karl Liebknecht, the most dramatic figure in Germany, was shot dead while trying to escape from a heavy escort of government troops, it was learned today. At the same time his chief lieutenant. Rosa Luxem burg. was lynched by a mob. The Spartacan leader, who fell just short of overthrowing the n* w German government by a country-wide revolu tion, was trapped in his home and taken prisoner with his wife and sons. The latter were taken to a jail. Lieb« Knecht himself was being escorted to military headquarters. The automo bile in which lie was riding broke down. The party proceeded on foot. Liebknecht suddenly drew a kino, stabbed one of the guards and fled. ANARCHIST FALLS DEAD. The guards flung their lifles to their shoulders and fired, Liebknecht « « il dead, riddled with bullets. While Liebknecht was being hunted down, Rosa Luxemburg met d< tli at tin- hands of a mob. The details of her death could not be d* finitely Darned as this was written, but it is known she was beaten into insensibil ity by a maddened crowd and then thrown into the Landwehr «-anal. The government issued an official state ment today, announcing that the "mur derers" of Liebknecht and Rosa Lux emburg "will be severely punished.'* If. is known that several prisons have been arrested in this connection. $12,000,000,000 ASKED OF BC - HE BY FOCH FOR BELGIUM RESTORATION Other Damages of $4,000.000,000—Allies Demand Possession of Railways and Forests. Amsterdam, Jan. 17.—Mathias Lrxberger. chairman **f tie Ger man armistice committee, has in formed his government that Mar shal Foch estimated the restora tion of Belgium would cost Ger many ? 1 2,000,000, 000 , and that oth er damages would amount to $4, OOÖ.idiO.oOO, it w; - Pained today. The allies are also said to have demanded possession of German railways and forests as security. Krzbergcr is reported to have de clared it was impossible to accept those "severe < conomic conditions" on account ol the uns* tiled politi cal situation. j I 1 j ! j I ! j i J ; I : j I ' i ' j I I • | SEATTLE POLICE ROUT I. W. W. DEMONSTRATORS Sf-atllc dr ù lfu v i<• i nit r , ( 0 j ^ } K) , ir < , n( j Wr j f s The I. w. w. had marched in the direction of the polie, station from an open air labor protest meetirg. whi t . «.uganized labor loaders denounced the police department for its action i i breaking up last Sunday's meeting. --- — - Jan. <f th* pi.lie« last night i Armed with . emergency streets in station of half an minor in I ; , ( ALBERS MUST FACE TRIAL. Portland, Ore., Jan. 17 -Henry Al bers, millionaire miller, must stand trial on a charge of violation of the espionage act. It was announced today that he will appear in federal court next Wednes day. Albers' attorneys argued a de murrer yesterday afternoon. CENSOR'S BAN OVER PARLEYS BECOMES THE LEADING ISSUE Other Problems Subordinated to Reaching Amicable Solu tion of Manner to Tell World of Conclave's Actions. WILSON HELPS SCRIBES IN FIGHT FOR PUBLICITY British Labor Leader Outlines' Labor's Program: Says War Between England and An archy to Be Decided at Berne Paris, Jan. 17.—Twenty-five countries will be represented at the formal opening of the peace congress tomorrow, it was official ly announced today. In addition to the 21 states which participated in the war, there will be Peru, Ecuador, Uruguay and Bolivia, which severad diplomatic relations. By FRED S. FERGUS ON. Paris, Jan. 17- The question of rep res. ntation for the people themselves, through the newspaper correspon dents, today took precedence over every other problem before the peace conferences. Importance, of this matter was evi denced by the fact that the league of nations, the Russian situation and other vital subjects had been subor dinated to arriving at an amieâ*ble solution of the manner in which the proceedings at the peace table are to be made public. WILSON AIDS SCRIBES. President Wilson is understood to be h iding the fight for one of his principle points- "open covenants of peace, openly arrived at." He brought up the question of publicity during both yesterday's and Wednesday's conferences. There was every indication today that a satisfactory agreement will soon be reached between the eoires pendents and the peace delegates. A program containing the newspaper men's demand- regarding publicity will be submitted by a committee comp. * d of three representatives each of the A mermen, British, French land Italian correspondents and tow representatives qf the other sections of the allied press. BRITISH LABOR'S AIMS. r. I.< iWKI.I, MKI.I.IOTT. IL i is, Jan. 16 The \var between lGn.it Britain and anarchy and ter rorisrn w ill b* decided at the interna tional labor and Socialist conference at Berne, declared Arthur Henderson, British labor leader, in an interview with the United Press. Henderson explained this was the reason the government had tactfully supported the proposal of British ba lm that German and Russian dele gates be admitted to the congress The last hope in democracies is at kc." he : aid. The ls-su3 is democ y vs. terrorism. Between the two, western world * in not long de it: CIV1LIZATION. CHAOS. "Wo arc prepared to stand between civilization and chaos. Now that the govenments are beginning to realize that fact, there is little liklihood of them over reverting to the id. a that we (labor men» are to be feared. Henderson said the allied laborites mid Soeililita have drawn up a pro gram for their principles, the reforms (Continued on Page Two.) 25,500 Seattle Shipyard Work ers to Walk Out Tuesday ii Demands Are Denied. P* attic. Wash., Jan. 17.—The Metal Trades council, representing 22 ship yard unions, today served strike notice n Seattle shipyard owners. The strike, affecting 25,500 men, takes (place at 10 o'clock Tuesday morning and may in« hide the entire northwest shipbuilding industry, according to (union leaders. The Metal Trades council ordered the 'walkout following a report by a special committee last night of refusal of ship yard heads to accede, .to demands for wage increases to $8 a day for mechan ics, $7 for specialists and Jfi for unskill ed workers. THE WEATHER Forecast for Boise and vicinity— RAIN TONIGHT AND SATURDAY. For Idaho- Tonight and Saturday, rain. Highest temperature yesterday . .. .47 j Lowest temperature this morning ..44! Mean temperature yesterday ......45 Total precipitation for the 24 hours! ending at 6 a. m. today, .11. Direct Poland's Fight for Freedom r' Kb Ignace Paderewski, Polish, president, in center, with Major Joseph F. Kaslowski, at left, and Capt. J. Marten, at Ignace Paderewski, famous the | world over as a musician, is now playing an important part in the destiny of Poland. He recently j 47 AYES, ONE NAY TO New Jersey Only Conceded to Refuse Prohi Amendment; Ridicule Wets' Technical Fight on the Measure. Madison, Wis., Jan. 17 - Tho Wisconsin legislature today com pleted Its ratification of the na tional dry amendment when the house voted. .*»8 to 39, in favor. The senate ratified two days ago. St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 17. The Minnesota legislature today com pleted ratification of the national prohibition amendment -the forti eth state to do so. The senate passed the amendment yesterday. The house concurred today, 92 to , -Thirty-eight national pro 36. Washington, Jan. Fi states having ratified tl hi bit ion amendment, (fry leaders today were hopeful that the final vote would stand 47 for and 1 against. Two dry states are yet to vote and eight wets. Seven « » f the latter, the drys believe, will act. favorably. New Jersey is the only state that the drys concede. To those who see patients dying from lack of whisk« y ns a stimulant, A Dinwiddle .the anti-saloon leader, explained that the prohibition amend ment just ratified does not Interfere with manufacture and distribution of liquor for legitimate scientific, phar maceutical and sacramental purposes. To congress goes the task of decid ing just how sick America must be under the amended constitution to get such stimulation. Prys here refuse to take seriously the wets' technical fight on the amend ment. They insist that the liquor in terests haven't a leg to stand on. and won't get very far in the courts after the nation has expressed itself for pro- j hibition. It was also pointed out that the supreme court is not in the habit j of passing on the constitutionality of i a constitutional amendment. Under the eighteenth amendment! congress will l*«- a slid by the drys ; t enact laws making prohibition ef- ; feet ive along these line-*' 1 The appointment of a federal law j (Continued from Page Two.) MONTENEGRINS AND SERBS CLASH; MANY DIE ON BOTH SIDES Battle Result of Alleged Attempt By Serbs to Forcible Abolish Monte negrin Sovereignty. Paris, Jan. 17 Bloody fighting with heavy losses on both sides has resulted from an allege«! at tempt by Serbians to forcibly abolish Montenegrin sovereignty, according to official dispatches received here today by Monte negrin representatives. Twenty thousand Montenegrins are said to have participated in an uprising against the Serbs. The report that King Nicholas is opposed to inclusion of Monte negro in the proposed Jugo-Slav state is untrue, notwithstanding Serbia's protestations to the con trary. Montenegrins declared the king demands that a constituent assembly shall decide the sovere ignty of the new state rather than having it automatically come un der Serbian dynasty. The upris ing is cited as proof that the ma jority o' the people stand by the king. right, aides. became president of his native land when it declared its inde pendence. Poland is warring against Germany, anything that ARMISTICE EXTENDED ONE MONTH; SEVERAL MORE CLAUSES ADDED! Germans Agree to Edicts Concerning War Prisoners and Return of Stolen Property. Paris, Jan. 17.—The armistice, with several important clauses add ed. has been extended for a month, it was officially announced today. "Following the conference at Treves between Marshal Foch and the German delegates, the armistice conventions were prolonged for a month," the statement said. "Clauses concerning agricultural material, Russian war prisoners, naval conditions and the. recupera tion of material taken from the in •aded districts were signed." LIBOR STRIKE JULY 4 I Also Provides for Delegation of Five to Present the Mooney Case in Washington; Other Action Is Planned. Chicago, Jan. 17—July fourth, 1919, was set today by the labor Mooney congress here as the date for a nation-wide strike of every branch of organized labor as a protest against the imprisonment of Thomas J. Mooney. Resolutions setting date for the strike and providing for a com mission of five labor delegates to go to Washington to solicit federal were passed overwhelmingly. Resolutions introduced today in cluded : Recommendation of five-year gov ernment control of railroads. Reorganization of the American Fed eration of Labor on an industrial basis and to Oppose capitalism. j Recalling of Samuel Oompers as , president of the federation, and pro posing Mooney as a candidate for hi«: position. j Recommendation to President Wilson for the removal of Postmaster General Burleson. Fhieago, Jan. 17 —A. resolution pro viding for a general strige July 4, ami a delegation of five to go to Washington t<* present the Mooney esse to the ofiiee of the atorney gen eral and to friends of labor in con gres«, was offered by a committee at the Mooney defense congress here to ii? y. The j ' ! j j I resolution taken regarding congress opened, nounced purpose to discuss means < was the first action Mooney since the although the an of thp meeting was <f freeing him. Radi cals. in control of the meeting up to today, had consumed practically all tlie time on other questions. VOTE LATER TODAY. Tie report of the resolutions com mittee declared the move proposed was the result of 25 motions referred t.. the committee for recommendation. A vote was to be taken later today. Besides the strike and Washington trip, other provisions were: Request habeas corpus proceedings to remove the case from California jurisdiction. Visit to American Federation of Labor convention to ask co-operation. Ways and means to assist the In ternational Workers' De/cnse leag ae of California. Amendments to Fi'iforr.ia constitu tion enabling further legal moves to free Mooney. Strike referendum vote not later than June 1. Broad publicity. speaks of Germany and against the Bolshevik!. Recent dispatches stated that Paderews i already has dodged Bolshevik! bullets. Sentences From One to Ten Years Given 43 I. W. W.s by California Court; Woman Accused Not Sentenced. .Sacramento, Cal., Jan. 17.—Sentences ranging from one year in the Sacra mento county jail to 10 years in Leav enworth penitentiary were imposed on tie 4" "silent defendants." convicted 1. I W, W. conspirators, by Federal Judge Rudkin today. Miss Theodora Pollok of Oakland, the only woman defendant, and the two men who with her offered defense, wer« not sentenced today. "The Heaviest sentences," said Judge Rudkin, "will be given to those who have destroyed property." T«n year sentences were gi the following: Mortimer Downing I j HammPr , p<?te 'Sprague, Elmer Andcrsor bio, Robert Oonneiia. i Frederick Esmond, Fhris Luber, Rhil McLaughlin. John Grave, J. Mori. Jnmes Quinlan, Edward Quigley, (»eoi - O ( oniiell, Roy C onnors, Henry Bernardi. Ilirani j , Caesar Ha - J rank Elliott. Harry Gray, Herbert Stredwiek, John Hotthalt, Gabo Brewer, Godfrey Ebel, William Hood, Vincent Santelli, George Voetter. Th* prisoners sentenced to the coun ty jail without exception voiced pro test. Three declared they had tuber culosis and asked for a change, while another declared that he would rather go to Leavenworth for two years than be kept in the jail here one year. New ^ ork, Jan. 1. Police today were |searching for a maniac believed j sponsible for murders of four people , , vIthin thp , ast 10 days . following brutal !assassination of 17-year-old Klizabeth ! piddle. The girl's bead was crushed j before she wits dragged from a sidewalk ! j GOTHAM POLICE SEEK MANIAC SLAYER OF 4: YOUNG GIRL IS VICTIM near her home and robbed, j The latest crime bears strong resem Mance to the murder of Mrs. Heltna ! Southland, who was slain recently while j crossing a vacant lot. Two women In j New Jersey were killed under similar circumstances. Police indicated they I believed they have to deal with a crim jinai of "Jack the Ripper" type. ARMY TRUCK PLUNGES IN CREEK; ONE DEAD. 4 HURT Winchester, Va.. Jan. 17 -One sol dier was dead today, and four others > were in Memorial hospital here. I seriously injured in an accident at | Fisher's mill yesterday when an army truck crashed through the bridge over Tumbling Run, and plunged 50 feet into the water. Private George Shawhold of Minen gulls, was killed. Among the injured was: Samuel Platt, of San Francisco. ZONE RULES ON COAL TO BE SUSPENDED ON FEB. 1 Washington, Jan. 17.—Zone regula tions on coke and all coal except Penn sylvania anthracite will be suspended February J. the fuel administration an nounced toda>. Likewise all price regulations. In cluding agents* 'commissions ami wholesale and retail margins on coke and all coal except Pennsylvania an thracite, will be suspended j ! j ! ! j I j GERMAN REDS' LEADER KILLED, SAYS OFFICIAL BERLIN REPORT Karl Liebknecht Shot by Escort in Effort to Escape; Rosa Luxemburg Beaten by Mob and Drowned. SPARTACAN REBELLION TAKES LEASE ON LIFE Revised on Large Scale in Boche Capital and Several Provinces Following Death of Radical Chieftains. London, Jan. 17.— Karl Lieb knecht and Rosa Luxemburg have been killed, an official dispatch from Berlin announced today. The dispatch added that the per sons who committed the murders will be severely punished. Several arrests have been made. WOMAN MOB'S PREY. Basle, Jan. 17. -The Frankfurter Zei tung officially confirm? the death of Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg. The former was shot by his escort while frying to escape as he. was being taken from his homo to military head quarters. The woman was beaten into insensibility by a mob and then drowned in the Landwehr canal. RED REVOLT DEVIVED. Zurich, Jan. 17. The Spartacan rev olution has been revived on a large scale in Berlin and several of the prov inces, following tb death of Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, it was reported in a dispatch received here today. The government is expected to take violent measures in an effort t*> suit press the new disorders. Five new divisions of government troops have arrived in Berlin. The city gives the impression of being oc cupied almost entirely by soldiery. KARL STABBED GUARD. I Amsterdam. Jan. 17, Karl Lieb j knecht stabbed a guard and made a break for liberty while being taken to |j a ji f a Rr-rlin dispatch reported today. The automobile in which the Sparfa jean leader vas en route to jail broke down. The escort proceeded on foot. Liebknecht stabbed one of the gt: ' Is vith a knife he had concealed and u. Soldiers in the escort fired at him. The dispatch does not state whether Liebknecht was wounded. RADICALS DISORGANIZED. By FRANK J. TAYLOR. Berlin, Jnn. 15.- Karl Liebknecht was still at liberty today, following his escape from a trap set by government troops while he was visiting his fam ily. His wife and sons were captured. (Later dispatches from Berlin offi cially reported that Liebknecht had been murdered.) The Spartacan* are becoming more and more disorganized but are con ducting; guerilla warfare. They are keeping up spasmodic fighting from windows, roots and hiding places in the streets. There are occasional out breaks in which rifles, machine guns and hand grenades are employed, but these are rare. Many desperadoes and ex-convicts have taken advantage of the Sparta can revolt to conduct a campaign of robbery and plundering. Many per (Continued on Pag* 1 Two.) PERSHING "PUT' His Original Program to Keep 30 Yankee Divisions in France Unaltered. Washington. Jan. 17. General TVr «lilng's original program of keeping 50 div isions in France as a basis of oper at ions has never been altered to date, (according to war department officials today. In so far as could bo ascertained ft cm war department men, events in Europe, are having no effect upon Chief of Staff March's plan to get the other soldiers home as rapidly transpor tation can be provided. Authorities here hope that the Amer ican food relief plan and that the ad justments worked out by the peace conference will tend to stabilize Eu I« pc. thereby relieving the situation of the prospect of further military action. Great Britain, apparently, is planning to keep n considerable nucleus of an army in France, lest, once discharged, it should be difficult to mobilize a new June, in event of Russian or other mil itary action.