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ADVERTISING SUNDAY CAPITAL NEWS ALL THE NEWS FIRST VOL. XLII. BOISE, IDAHO, SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 9, 1919. No. 26 BIG PROBLEMS RAPIDLY BEING OVERCOME AT PEACEPARLEYS Past Week Most Productive of Conclave; Two Most Import ant Questions Well on Way Toward Accomplishment. RUSS AND NATION LEAGUE PUZZLES NEAR SOLUTION Considerable Progress Also Made in Settlement of the Territorial and Political Claims of Smaller Nations. By ED I *. KEEN. T\iris. Fob. 8—The past week has hf'on the most productive since the peace conference began. It has seen what are doubtless the two most im portant questions before the delegates — the league of nations and settlement of the Russian situation—well on the way toward accomplishment. In just siY days the constitution of the league of nations has grown from a loosely correlated maize Vif plans to a con cret«» program that tonight was sub stantially in the form it will he pre sided to the general peace conference for ratification next week. Its 22 ar ticles have been agreed on by the special league committee and it has Intii referred to a sub-committee for partial redrafting, owing to some minor changes in the original pro gram. RUSS PARLEY LIKELY. Acceptance by the Russian Soviet government of the associated powers' invitation to a joint conference at Prinkipos gives assurance that the meeting will be held. Some French officials are under stood to fool the conference should not take place without participation of the Russian anti-Boishevik fac tions, hut the American and ^British delegates hold a contrary .view—and are believed to possess sufficient in fluence to control the situation as they have done in previous matters. The Anglo-American attitude appears to he that the anti-Bolsheviki had their choice and that their refusal to confer with the Soviet representatives should not discredit the latter. That the opposing Russian factions will r< •Otis dor their refusa appears more tl an probability be cause of fear tii it tl o Bolsheviki ma> win some ad va mug e over them at Frinkipos. LAND TANGLE EASED. <rttl omont of the ten itoriai and po lit kjLl claims of various stnall nations ;ii so si owul considerable progress this w »ok. The claims c f Greece, the O cell* -Slovak republic and the Arabs w ere i laced in tlie ha mis of special CO mini toes composed of représenta - ti 'OS < f the larger i ati6ns. These L*1 i i m s are expected to be disposed of W thin a few days. S tops were also ta ten to arbitrate the territorial dis pi tes ictwoen the ('zee to-Slovaks and th e Pc les and bet wee n the Jugo SI IVH tml the Italians. Kesponsibility for the war is being d ptermined by a special committee, of Which Secretary Lansing, was unanimously chosen chairman. Three sub-committees were appointed, two to examine the question of international law involved and one to inquire into the facts pre sented. This committee is also ex pected to determine w hat punishment shall be meted out to those consid ered guilty of starting the war and of violating the recognized rules of war fare. LABOR LEGISLATION. Recommendations for international labor legislation will be made by the committee headed by Samuel Gom pers, president of the American Fed eration of Labor. This committee al ready has urged establishment of per manent organizations to handle inter national labor matters. American del egates on the committee today pre sented a comprehensive program for a peace settlement, including several economic and social reforms, such as a universal wage scale and an eight hour day. The, program also urged inclusion of all of President Wilson's points m the controversy, particularly estab lishment of the league of nations. Other social and economic legisla tion is expected to be asked by the In ternational Labor and Socialist con gress, now in session in Berne. Amer ican and Belgian labor leaders refused to participate in this conference be cause of the presence of German dele gates, but the meeting has received of ficial recognition of the other countries represented. ,Internationalization of certain water ways, ports and railways is being con sidered by a special committee on which the United States is represented by Henry White. The principal water ways to be considered are the Darda nelles, Rhine and Danube. Constanti nople is the important port involved. The Siberian railroad and the Berlin to-Bagdad line are practically certain of internationalization. FOOD RELIEF IN ACTION. Allied food relief under American distribution is progressing rapidly. Great quantities of supplies have been delivered to the Czecho-Slovaks, Poles and Austrians. Preparations are prac tically completed for getting food Into Germany also. j i I ' ; EUROPEAN SOCIALISTS YIELD FULL SUPPORT TO WILSON'S LEAGUE OF NATIONS IDESCs Though Old World Government Leaders Regard American President as Scholarly Old Gentleman, Socialists Accept Him as Leader, Expecting Him to Remedy All Dis of War Torn Peoples With World League Project as Magic Wand. By WILLIAM ALLEN WHITE. Copyright, 1919, by The Wheeler Syndicate, Inc. Paris, Jan. 16—By Mail.)—At the moment, the net result of President Wilson's European 'visit i3 the reappearance of the intert national consciousness of those who wish to end war forever. These people believe in the league of nations. They know little of its details. They believe in the idea, much as the embattled farmers at 'Concord believed in freedom without having copies of the con stitution in their pockets as they fought. Speaking broadly and with certain exceptions, the Social ist. party is the political organiza tion which cherished most fondly this international desire for per manent peace. The Socialists aie undivided in their indorsement of the Wilson Idea. Other parties contribute only minorities to it, and if the idea prevails—and just now it seems far from realization—It will pre vail because of a revolution. The revolution will surely be spiritual; it 'will be repentance and reform in the heart of the world. Wheth er or not tlie revolution will be violent, bringing bloodshed and pillage with it, depends largely upon the leaders of the actual gov ernments in Europe, who regard President Wilson as a. simple minded but scholarly old gentle man going about on a pageant, making nice speeches, while 20, 000,000 of people are starving in Russia and southeastern Europe is a political madhouse. MAKE WILSON LEADER. The leaders, if they will, may awake and realize that back of President Wilson's idea, is a great though utterly ungestated ideal in embryo. They may bring it into birth in pain and anguish and ab negation. Or the leaders may con tinue to sniff and reap the whirl wind. For Wilson has become a shibboleth, a myth, a vitalized ideal; and the Socialists of Eu rope have accepted him as their leader, expecting him to clothe the naked, to feed the hungry and to house the houseless with his league of nations. Among the others who hope for this league of nations— the others outside of the Socialist port y —the idea of the league will stand up on its own foundation. But the president has fired the Socialist heart much as Peter the Hermit inspired his followers, and we have this spectacle: The pres ident of the most conservative na tion in civilization, the president elected by the party dominated by the south, the most aristocratic SHITE REFUSESTO EISE ESPlilGE ICI Borah's Effort to Amend P. 0. Bill, Curbing Burleson's Power, Defeated by 39-25 Vote. Washington, Feb. 8.—Administration forces in ,the senate today crushed ef forts to repeal portions of the espion - ago law, which, according to progres sive leaders, hamper free speech. By a vote of 39 to 25 the senate re j fused late today to suspend the rules i to permit Senator Borah to offer an I amendment to the postoffice appropri ation bill, removing the postmaster ' general's power to censor newspapers jfind magazines sent through the mail, tin spite of their defeat, Progressives ! were cheered by the support their pro posal received. I One reason lor Its rejection was the desire of administration leaders to * hurry tlie appropriation bill. They feared that if the espionage law repeals I were 'adopted it would lead to a contro versy with the house, tying up the measure. Borah's amendment, originally offer ed, would have repealed sections one, two anil three of the first espionage act, and section four of the second. BORAH DETERMINED. He amended it later so as to leave in the law sections two and three, which relate to the mailing of treason - 'able or seditious publications, j This change won for the proposal ; considerable support among Republi cans. j "We shall not give up our attempts ! to remove from the statutes every bar jto complete freedom of speech and of (the press," said Borah, following the j vote. "I am as eager as anyone else 'to prevent the mails being misused by ; persons seeking the overthrow of this j government. But I am not willing, as ja free American, to allow one man to s«ay whether my writings are treason able or seditious. The principle sus jtatned in today's vote is entirely hps itlle to all Anglo-Saxon traditions which clearly establish the right of trial by jury." Borah plans to present a similar amendment to other appropriation bills. In the meantime he will perfect other objections raised today. i ! ! j ; section of the most conservative nation in the world, leading the radicals of the world. A curious spectacle, this. Wilson as leader of the Euro pean Reds—not the radical Bol shevik Reds, of course; but the middle group of European Social ists in the twilight zone, between the "lunatic fringe" of the former Bull Moosers and the followers of Debs—Wilson as leader of the So cialists of every country against the actual constituted governments of these countries, is a spectacle to throw' spasms into his oppo nents. But Socialism in Europe is not, as it is in America, a creed beyond the pole. FETED BY SOCIALISTS. When the president landed In France, he landed at Brest, a town with a Socialist mayor, and a So cialist deputy in Paris, and the first men to greet him were So cialists, among others Jean Lon guet, a grandson of Kary Marx. The only papers In Paris to give unqualified indorsement to the president's plan were the two offi cial organs of the Socialist groups. The clerical paper and the government organs were courte ously silent about the preseident's plan, or openly opposed to it. All over Paris, all over France, Social ists as a political organization are holding meetings to arouse enthu siasm for the plan, and there can be no doubt but that the meetings are securing results. In England the president met labor leaders whose economic views are far In advance of those of Debs or Rus sell. And at a great labor meeting in Albert hall in London recently the speakers favoring the Wilson plan were Bernard Shaw, Ramsey MacDonald, who virtually has been under surveillance during the war, George Landsbury, Will Thorne, Phillip Snowden, Arthur Henderson and a number of others from the Socialist world, who be lieve in tlie overthrow of capital ism in industry. In Italy the mtuation is exactly the same. There labor Is clamoring at government to change its atti tude, break away from understand ing-real or fancied—with England and France for a quadruple alli ance, and to join the league of nations which President Wilson is advocating. Now this strength of the league among the masses of Europe has its strength and its won kness. FRENCH LABOR'S PLIGHT. First, wo may consider its strength. And that liçs in the I I I (Continued on Page Two.) OF SEVEN IS FORMED To Handle Question of Finance, Food, Blockade and Control of Shipping and Raw Mate rials; Two Civilian Members. Paris, Feb. 8.—A supreme economic council to handle all questions of fi nance, food, blockade and control of shipping and raw materials, was estab lished by the peace bureau (tha su preme war council), this afternoon at the suggestion of President Wilson. Tl e new council, which will relieve the su preme war council of much of its rout ing work, will consist of five members of each interested government. On Wilson's recommendation, there will ulso be added two civilian repreaenta fives of bacli government to the rmls itlce commission. The official communique, covering the peace bureau's afternoon session, said: ARMISTICE DISCUSSED. "The supreme war council net this afternoon from 3 to 5 o'clock at the iQuai d'Orsay. "The discussion of the terms of the renewal of the armlstica was contin ued. ''The following resolution proposed by President Wilson wasa approved: "First, tinder present conditions, many questions, not primarily of mili tary character, which are arising dally and which are bound to become of In creasing Importance as time passes, should be dealt with on behalf of the United States and the allies by civilian representatives of these governments, experienced in such questions as fi nance, food blockade, control, shipping and raw materials. OTHER BODIE8 OUSTED "Second, to accomplish ' this there shall be constituted at Paris a supreme economic council to deal with such matters for the period of the armistice. The council shall absorb or replace all such other existing Inter-allied bodies and their powers as It may determine from time to time. The économie coun cil shall consist of not more than five representatives of each Intereeted gov ernment" j I : I $ 6 , 000 , 000,000 TAX BH1 GIVEN HOUSE 0.K.BYA 310T0111 VOTE Action Leaves Only Senate Rat ification Necessary to Make 'Greatest Revenue Measure' Ready for Wilson's Pen. SOUTHERN SOLONS FIGHT CHILD LABOR AMENDMENT Declare Clause Invalid but Ef fort Defeated; Kitchin Pro tests Wilson-McAdoo Insist ence on Bill's Reduction. Washington, Feb. 8—The house early tonight adopted the conference report of the $6,000,000,000 revenue bill. The vote 30 to 111 with 12 voting present. The house action today leaves only the senate ratification of the confer ence report before the "biggest rev enue bill in history" is ready for the president's signaure. The only fight on the conference report was one by Mississippi con inen on the child labor amendment which taxes profits from the products of child labor. The' fight was lost on a motion to recommit the bill by Representative Venable of Mississippi. Venable and Humphreys of Missis sippi declared the child labor amend ment was unconstitutional and an un warranted assumption of state police power by the federal government. On the final role call, four Mississippi congressmen voted against the bill. "CHAMBER OH HORRORS." Representative Moore of Pennsyl vania, Republican member of the ways and means committee called the mea sure a "financial chamber of horrors," but voted for it. The speech of Chairman Kitchin, chairman of the house ways and means committee, in opening up the debate, was largely a protest against the recommendations of former Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo and president Wilson that the bill should be reduced from $8,000, 000,000 to $6,000,000,000. Kitchin made assertions ' that there was propaganda to defeat the bill so that the present law would remain in force. The house conferees, he said, agreed to drop many of the house provisions they wished to Atand by, because they feared their insistence might aid "this propaganda." PORTUGUESE LOYALISTS TO USE STERNEST MEASURES Madrid, Fob. 8.—The Portuguese cab inet has asked parliament for author ity to employ all possible financial and military measures to suppress the Mon archist insurrection, according to dis patches received from Lisbon today. The cabinet is now being assisted by la consulting directorate formed by a [coalition of the leaders of the principal political parties, including the Union ists, Evolutionists, Democrats and Na tionalists. Republican forces are reported to 'have defeated the Monarchists in an Important engagement near Oporto. The latter are said to be retreating upon the city which is their principal strong hold MEXICO REFUSES FRENCH BID TO HOLD HUN MONEY Mexico City, Feb. 8—The Mexican government, through its ministry of foreign relations, today formally re fused for German and Austrian money and property to be sent out of the country. The reply stated the Mexi can government feels it must comply with the treaty of 1883, which pro vides for protection of German and Austrian financial and property in terests. Only in Berlin Did Spartacans Score in Much Advertised Blow at Ebert Regime. London. Feb. g —The Spartacan coup which was to have taken place Thursday, simultaneously in Berlin and Weimar, materialized only in the former city and then on a minor scale, according to reports received here tonight. A Berlin dispatch re ceived by the Dally Mall today ssys the soldiers' council had occupied the w*ar offloe. The soldiers' council has been co-operating with life Spartacan in various parts of Germany, particu larly in the region of Berlin and Wel hiar, and It la accepted that the Spar tacans were behind the reported par tial success of the soldiers In the capi tal and Kiel, where the Spartacans fought for control of the city Thurs day and Friday. They were finally ■uppreeeed with the aid of the garri son, which remained loyal to the government. Nine persona were killed and II wounded. I ELECTRICAL WORKERS ORDERED BACK TO JOB BY UNION'S PRESIDENT Labor Chief Declares Seattle Strike ! Illegal and Contrary to Best In terests of the Union. Washington, Feb. 8.—Members of the electrical workers' union, strik ing in Seattle, were ordered back to work tonight by the president of the international union, P. J. Noo nan. In a telegram to the labor de partment, Noonan declared the ac tion of Seattlo union in striking was Illegal and contrary to the best interests of union labor. Indications were labor depart ment officials stated that other union leaders would follow Noo nan's lead. Reports to the de partment stated that efforts for a sympathetic strike of shipworkers in Sun Francisco, Los Angeles and Portland have failed. Officials indicated their reason to believe the strike would be set tled without intervention of a def inite nature by the government. "Recent reports from Seattle have caused the war labor board to de lay' the action it contemplated taking," Secretary Lauck stated to night, but refused to go into the details. The labor department declared it had nothing to report on the work of Its commissioners who are at Seattle. CREAMERY CO. ADMITS GUILT FOR VIOLATION OF TRUST ACT Jensen Company Pays Fine of $7500; Was Indicted Under Sherman Law in 1917; Oth ers on Trial Feb. 17. The Jensen Creamery company, the largest creamery corporation of the northwest, pleaded guilty in United States district court Sataurday after noon to violating the Shermun anti trust law, under which it was Indicted by a federal grand jury, Feb. 24, 1917, and was fined $7500 by Judge Frank S. Dietrich. The fine was paid by the personal check of the attorney for the company. The fine was the largest ever assessed or collected in Idaho. The plea of guilty by the big cor poration did not come unexpected, as Mr. Hawley withdrew the plea of not guilty, made at time of arraignment and announced in open court some three weeks ago that the Jensen Creamery company expected to change its plea. The court ordered the indictments against the following dismissed upon payment of ihe fine by the Jensen concern, they being subsidiary offi cers and corporations: the Mutual Creamery company, W. F. Jensen, president; R. w. Kllis, district man ager of the Mutual Creamery com pany: Carlyle Hall, general superin tendent of the Mutual Creamery com pany: W. W. Hamilton, manager of the Mutual Creamery company at Lewiston; D. K. Newman, former manager of the Mutual Creamery company at Boise and H. A. Sliellen berger, manager of the Mutual Cream ery company of Boise, now the Jen sen Creamery company. TRUE BILLS PENDING. The companies and individuals against whom the indictment still stands and who afe due to be tried in Boise beginning Feb. 17 are the Henningsen Produce company, a cor poration of Butte; Sehalllnger Pro duce company of hpokane; Commer cial Creamery company of Spokane; the Hazelwood company of Spokane and the Hazelwood Creamery com pany, Ltd , of Portland, and the Klock Produce company of Seattle and the company managers and agents, A. P. Henningsen, Carl Schallinger, B. B. Corliss and H. A. Goodhue. The indictment was the most sweep ing every issued by a federal grand jury In Idaho, alleging that a wide spread conspiracy existed between the big corporations to ruin competition, fix prices to the producer and con sumer and reap excessive and unwar ranted profits. ALLEGATIONS MADE. Agent Leon Bone of the. United States department of justice began gathering evidence in the ease during the latter part of 1918, and for a year und a half gave almost his entire at tention to tlie workings of the combine, and through the testimony furnished by him lo the grand Jury, the indict ments returned cited the following: Ksplonuge. The payment temporarily of high prices in order to oontrol the market. The Issuance of false weights and tests to Injure competitors. Attempted bribery. improper use of employes of com petitors. Pieverfttng storage for pérlshables. Giving of short weight. Influencing legislation against com petitors. Apportionment of territory after a false showing of competition. Using coeroion in the fixing of priées (Continued on Pag« Two.) SEATTLE SIM TIED IIP, LEADERS GUM; ITS AIL OVER SAYS MAYOR; QUIET PREVALS City Anxiously Waits Announcement From Strike Conferees Concerning Decision of Policy and Action in Reply to Han son's Defy; More Street Cars Operating and Shops Reopen Doors as Threat of Violence Dwindles. Seattle, Wash., Feb. 8—Late Saturday evening was still waiting for a formal announcement from strike conferees an nouncing a decision of policy and action in reply to Mayor Hanson's avowal that the general strike "is over," and that he would back up with all his power the resumption of busi ness and industry after a three days' sympathetic labor tie up. , After a day of rumors that th ( e walk-out of 60,000 union ists, backing up the shipyard workers' demand for wage in crease, was to be called off at any moment, the Seattle Un iop Record, spokesman for the strikers, carried the line, "Seattle is still tied up tight." ( Between these two conflicting pronouncements some busi ness men were making tentative preparations to readjust themselves to the actual situation as it was developing. Several municipal cars were operated at intervals during the day, and toward evening the privately owned Puget Sound Traction company operated several cars through one of the main streets. They were guarded and carried few passen gers. A number of stores along Second avenue had opened for business, as well as several wholesale houses. Theater man agers announced that they would resume performances Sun day. No jitneys or taxis were running. A A number of stores along Second avenue had opened for business, as well as several wholesale hdnses. The ater managers announced that they would resume performances Sunday. No jitneys or taxis were running. Major General John F. Morrison, commanding the western division of the .U n 'ted States army, arrived in Seattle about 3 o'clock this afternoon. Ho immediately went into conference with Mayor Hanson and federal offi cials relative to the action to be taken in case the strike continues. Saturday, despite the fact that May or Hanson's ultimatum to operate in dustries unless the sympathetic strike were called off by 8 o'clock this morn ing, had led to some early anxiety, passed off without disturbance or any unusual demonstration. The mayor had announced that mar tial law would not be necessary, that the city was in complete control of the local authorities and urged a general renewal of normal activity in the In dustrially paralyzed city. Following long sessions of strikers* committees, their publicity body reit erated that "the strike was not broken and will not be broken." GENERAL RELAXATION. A general relaxation, however, was apparent and food was being served in a considerable number of places. The strikers' commissary depart ment, which has been maintaining public rating halls with meals at 33 cents, asserted that over 20,000 had been served on Friday and that the number would probably be exceeded today. Light, heat, gas, water and telephone service had not been interrupted at any time during the strike, but public utilities had been heavily guarded. Mayor Hanson came out today witli a vigorous statement, In which he dé fia red I. \V. W. and Bolsheviki had gained control of the Seattle labor unions and caused the general strike. "The city government told them to go to hell,'* Hanson said. "Business, always cowardly, hunted its hole for a little time, until I announced that all people would be protected to the last man, and that we had 1500 men armed with rifles to kill on sight anyone that caused disorder." Labor leaders termed Hanson's state ment "flamboyant" and "ridiculous." They referred to him as "our scatter brain mayor," "who is aching for a riot." They offered data to back their con (Conttnued on Page Two.) Aocept Proposal to Confer With Allies at Prinkipos; Sug gest Change of Date. Paris, Feb. 8. —The Ukrainian sovlat government has accepted the proposal for a Joint conference at Prinkipos, It was said tonight. It suggested, how ever, that the meeting be held at Paris, instead, and that the tentative date of Feb. 15 Is too early. The Russian political conference here, composed of Prince Lvoff M. Sa sanoff and other anti-Bolsheviks, gave out a statement declaring Foreign Min ister Tchltcherin's acceptance of the invitation for the Lentne-Tretzky gov ernment Is a repetition of B rest-1.1 tovsk politics. The statement chargee the Bolshevik! came into power through betrayal of the alltea. GEN. MORRISON IN SEATTLE; TO AVOID TROUBLE BUT PREPARED Army Leader Hopes for Peace ful Settlement, but Ready to Use Force if Necessary; Hanson Opposes Martial Law Seattle, Wash., Feb. 8.—Ordered to Seattle by the war department st Washington. D. C„ Major General John F. Morrison, commanding the western department of the United States army, with headquarters In San Francisco, reached the city shortly after 3 o'clock Saturday afternoon. Generttl Morrison ssld hs had bean Instructed to take such action here,, in handling the general strike situation througli the intervention of federal troops, as in his judgment seemed nec essary to preserve order and protect life and property. "The army," said the general, "is not looking for trouble with the strikers or anyone else, and hopes there will he none, but Is prepared to meet it if it comes." IN CONFERENCE. Immediately upon his arrival In Seattle, General Morrison proceeded to army headquarters in the federal building. There he went Into con ference with Major General Joseph D. Leitch, commanding Camp Lewis, and Colonel John L. Hayden, 130th field artillery brigade, Camp Lewis, who has been in command of the Camp Lewis troops here since their arrival Thufs day night, when the war department threw a ring of steel about the city. Later the army officers were Joined at headquarters by Mayor Hanson and City Councilman C. B. Fitzgerald CONSIDERABLE DATA. Following this meeting. General Morrison said Mayor Hanson did not want martial law declared in Seattle, and hoped such n measure would not be necessary. He added that since his arrival he had obtained considerable Information, but that It was not di gested. General Morrison said so fhr as he knew no additional troops had been ordered here from Camp Lewis or else where during the day, but that he had been assured by the war department that he should have as lar££> a force as developments might require. If there are not enough at Camp Lewis, he said, they would be brought to Beattie from other points. TYPHUS PLAGUE GRIPS RUSSIA; THOUSANDS Copenhagen, Feb, g,—A typhus demie has broken out In many Rui cities. It was reported In dtepal received here today,. Thousands s«M to have dted In Petrograd, w 1* doctors and 40 nurses succumb) one hospital.