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FIRST EVENING CAPITAL NEWS WEATHER SATURDAY. Rain or anow. VOL. XLH. BOISE, IDAHO, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1919 No. 31 FIRST WORLD CONSTITUTION BUTTE STRIKE VERDICT WAITS MINERS' VOTE ON SATURDAY Mayor Says Upon Decision of Mine Engineers Rests Walk out's Fate; Aye Vote to Mean Continued Strike. EXECUTIVE EXPLAINS THE SITUATION NOW EXISTING No Tinge of Disorder, Nor Shot Fired Since Trouble Began; Says Small Minority Forced Workers to Abandon Jobs. Butte, Mont., Feb. 14.—Upon the •trike vote of the mine engineers Sat urday night will depend whether th3 •trikes tying up Butte will be broken or whether they will continue indef initely. Mayor W. H. Maloney made this prediction to the United Press today in the course of an extended statement covering the strike situation as well us the city's financial condition. Maloney's action at the offset of the «trike in threatening to discharge all firemen and policemen at noon of that day because they could npt be paid, was one of the outstanding features of the strike and was exclusively carried oh that day in United Press dispatches. Butte policemen are still unpaid an 1 apparently will remain so for some time. Business interests refuse to cash their warrants, feeling that the mili tary will police the city. Firemen are being paid, however. MAYOR'S STATEMENT. "The Butte strike situation," said Mayor Maloney, "has resulted in the following conditions: "Following the cut in wages by oper ators of the copper mines, amounting to a dollar a day and loss of Sunday work, a certain element, claiming to be the only union of miners in Butte, picketed the mines and so intimidated miners that they ceased work. "Sinçe then street car men, machin ists and several smaller organizations have ceased work, largely because there is nothing for them to do, in face of the attitude of the miners who have not cared to go to work because of the influence of the small numerical oppostUon. "All miners' unions declare the strike was not declared by their organ ization, but by mass meeting. The two central labor bodies, one control led by the element referred to. unable to declare a strike, voted to instruct delegates to report, back to the unions *in sympathy with the movement. ORDER MAINTAINED. "Since then there have been sta tioned here soldiers to the number of several hundred to maintain order, but it has not been necessary to proclaim martial law and the city is free fr mi disturbance of any kind, except of a minor character, and probably will re main so. "Much importance is placed on the vote of the mine engineers Saturday night. It is believed if they remain firm the backbone of the strike will i»e broken. Otherwise it will be prolonged indefinitely. "So far not a shot has been fired. There have been no street gatherings (Continued on Page Two.) NOTABLE JApHllLITARY LEADER SERIOUSLY ILL Tokio, Feb. 14—Prince Yumagata, it -was officially announced today, is seriously ill from influenza. Later it was learned pneumonia hud developed. Prince Yamagata is a marshal of Japan and one of the elder states men. He is president of the privy çouncil. During the civil strife that attend ed the restoration, he took a distin guished part. Yamagata was commander of the first army in the Japan-China war, but soon' compelled by ill-health to return home. On the outbreak of the Russo-Ja panese war he succeeded Marshal Oyatna as chief of the general staff. WOMAN BURNED TO CRfsP WHEN HOME DESTROYED S.in Francisco, Cal., Feb. 14 Binned to ,'t crisp. the body of an unidenti fied woman was found thin morning In the ruin* of a cottage in Ocean View. The cottage was discovered burn ing early this morning and the fire department was culled. When they hail finally put out the flames they discovered the body half covered with debris. It is believed the woman was trap ped in the house by the flames. II Communication Conditions Grow Worse With Miles of Wires Prostrate in Kansas and Nebraska; Ten-foot Snow Drifts Block Traffic in Midwestern States. Denver, Colo., Feb. 14—The Pa cific coast and Rocky mountain re gions today faced another day of badly interrupted wire communi cation with the east. Officials of telephone and telegraph compan ies déclared conditions have grown worse since sleet and snow storms in Nebraska and Kansas Wednes day night carried down miles of trunk lines. Inability to get repair crews to the scene owing to the stalled trains increased the difficulty in reopening direct communications. Rerouting via Canada or along the southern route offered prospects of limited news wire service, al though a tremendously heavy file of messages are reported from all relay points. OREGON BILL BANS SALMON CATCHING FROM SUBMARINES Salem, Ore., Feb. 14—Represen tative Roman's bill prohibiting shooting of ducks from airplanes has been amended by the house so that it bans the catching of sal mon and other food fish from sub marines. The representatives took the amendment to be a huge joke when it was proposed Thursday afternoon, but the advocates of the bill and amendment convinced the legislators they had been in troduced in all seriousness. Defenders of fish and game from airplanes and fishing from foresee the day when hunttnq submarines will be popular sport. The bill as amended will be considered by the bouse today. sEimTIiiL Police, County and Federal Of ficers Strike at Nest of Radi cals; Charges of Criminal Anarchy to Be Brought. So;«lUe, Wash.. Feb. 14—Police, county and federal officers are strik ing: at Bolshevism, radicalism and an archisms,in Seattle today. Continuing the aggressive campaign, launched yesterday by Prosecuting Attorney Fred C. Brown, that resulted in the arrest and detention of 39 men. they are today searching for seven alleged radical leaders, who will be charged with criminal anarchy. Prominent among the ''disturbers" arrested Thursday are John J. Axteil, secretary of propaganda of the I. W. W.. and William Moran under-secre tary for the I. w. W. defense council. Walker C. Smith, head of the Equity Printing company, and F. J. Cassidy, candidate for the city council, were arrested several days ago. UNION AGENT JAILED. Leon Green, business agent of the Electrical Workers local Number 77, who tried to make Seattle "dark" dur ing the general strike, is sought by the combined civic,, county and federal operatives. Smith, Moran, Axteil and Cassidy, the first three held in tile county jail and the latter in the city Jail, are charged with criminal an archy and conspiracy to overthrow the government by means of a revo lution fostered during the general strike. Aaron Fislerman, reputed circulation manager of the International Weekly, and J. F. G, Dougherty, believed to lie interested in the Equity printing com pany, are also held, having been ar rested late Thursday. SLATED FOR ARREST. Charged with criminal anarchy, ihe following persons were scheduled to he arrested in Seattle today: E. I. Chamberlain, .secretary of the defense council of lhe I. W. W. Harvey O'Connor, editor on the In ternational Weekly. A. VV. Rockwell, J. W. W. secretary. John Larson, alleged agitator. ••con Green's name is Included In the ahoce liât b u , officials are not assured of his capture today. fire cripples big radio. San Francisco, Feb. 14—Wireless service from the naval radio station at South Sun Francisco will be crip pled for several months it was an nounced today following a fire on the 600 foot tower yesterday. The fire was caused by a short circuit. The railroad companies report heavy snow block in transporta tion east of North Platt, Neb., and Dodge City, Kansas. Drifts 10 feet high have blocked the Santa Fe lines in Kansas. The Canadian route to Vancou ver and down the Pacific coast to San Francisco and across the con tinent to Denver was reported open this morning. Moager news dispatches were received over this route late yesterday and a badly congested and slow Western Union wire was open from Denver to Chicago. Only one train arrived in Den ver yesterday from the east. It had been badly delayed by the blizzard in Kansas. -— j _ . _ 03.lt J-i3K6 Financier Suggests TTi'i* . . . Congress Utilize Assets Of Service as CoUateral for * Bonds and Broaden Pro f gram S Scope. j % ___ : Twin Falls, Ida., Feb. 14—The ad visability of adoption by congress 0 # a method of utilizing the assets of the „ , .. . piosecutlon of reclamation work on a reclamation service as collateral for bond issues thus making possible the larger scale than would be possible ___ . ,, , . . , under present methods is pointed out »... x 1 1 Mil««., atu b> A. c . Milner, of the Milner corpor-i ation, Salt Bake, in a letter received here by James McMillan. Mr. Milner already has proposed this plan to Governor Davis, and several United States senators. "My reason for taking deep Inter est in having the new plan adopted," he says, "is that congress is afraid that if they grant the $100,000,000 ap propriation desired by Secretary Dane for reclamation and drainage, so many large projects will be initiated that congress shortly would be called upon for further large appropriations to finish projects at a time when con gress is reluctant to increase the bur den of taxation on the people. WOULD RELIEVE CONGRESS. "For fear, therefore, that congress through its inability to guage the ex tent of the financial commitments which it might eventually be called upon to furnish for the reclamation projects which might be initiated with the first $100,000,000 granted and might reduce their appropriation to a figure which would not permit of the Bruneau piojeet being undertaker! 1 am trying to indicate definitely by figures ttiut the adoption of the plan suggested and the appropriation of $100,000,000 would relieve congress of further responsibility as to appropria tions and would at the same time en able the service to proceed with sev eral such projects as the Bruneau and prosecute the work with great dill gence, ln which case the Bruneau need not fear competition from feas ible irrigation opportunities located in other sections. "It is important that congress shoulij adopt the new plan of finance if the west is to be materially benefited through government wprk. URGE HUGE PROJECT. "Great pressure is being brought to bear upon Washington by several western states to Induce an enormous reclamation program on the Green and Colorado and New Mexico, in volving about 2,000,000 acres. "It is immaterial who gets the credit for interesting the government in the Bruneau or in the financial plan, but It is . material that both propositions are fully considered and adopted if the state of Idaho Is to be benefited. "It would seem that the enormous reservoir capacity at Americun Falls, ample water supply at that point and! demonstrated productiveness of south ern Idaho soil, coupled with physical conditions favorable to economical construction,' should be potent advo cates for the Bruneau, but these points should be forcibly presented to Wash ington." j * MOTHERS FORM PICKET LINE. I Denver, Colo., Feb. 14—Mothers ! formed a new picket line here today in an effort to reopen a score of pub lic schools closed since Monday by a walkout of engineers who failed to ob tain higher wages. The Parent Teachers association decided to picket after the strikers succeeded in per suading strikebreakers ,to leave their posts. ORGES STATE CONCLAVE TO SPUR PLAN OF RECLAMATION George Day, Oakley, Former Land Commissioner, Pro -poses Convention to Boost $100,000,000 Project. WOULD SEND DELEGATION TO CONSULT SEC. LANE Says Time Has Come tor Ac tion on Proposition That Of fers an Opportunity Such as Never Before Presented. Tlie greatest opportunity in the his- tory of Idaho to divert for development work in the state—millions of dollars to reclaim thousands of acres of land us homes for soldiers and sailors—has arrived and the state should act as a whole in presenting its claims to con- gress for part of the *100,000,91)0 appro- priation to be made. This is the opin- ion of George Day of Oakley, for many years state land commissioner of Idu ho, probably the best posted man on land resources and values within the State's boundaries. He proposes a o ta , te T id . e v convention „ to bu held at Boise in the very near future at which re P re sentative business,, men from all parts of the state can be present to decide upon a definite plan to be fol l° we< I and back it up by sending a strong delegation to Washington to P Iace Idaho's claims before the interior depaitmont. l "? AHO , MUST STRIKE. The time has come, for Idaho to move and to do so swlfUy and wlthout further delay," said Mr. Day, in pro posing his plan for consideration, I'' ProbabIy never ln the state's history was such an opportunity presented that ,,,, . . realized upon will mean so much to tho „ tnfp , __ .. ^ or that reason I propose that |' h< ;* 6 be be , ld the stat ^' probably Bolse ; a ' State ' wide "Wentlon »t rep "1 am for Idaho moving as a whole in this matter and of presenting the slate's claims In concrete form to con gress and the department of the inte resentative men from every one of its ? ou f n " e * l ? ,f lscu " Just what « >lan best to be followed to secure pai't of the appropriation congress is about to make. ACT AS A STATE. "Any federal money that is spent in Idaho for the reclamation of lands, be they stump, swamp or arid, will help the state as a whole, so we must look upon it as a state-wide proposi tion and be broad in our views. No state in the union can present to coq * ress or to the department of the ln terior better claims than can Idaho for federal funds to reclaim lands that will mean future homes for our soldiers, sailors and others. I would sooner have 160 acres of good Idaho land than a whole section of land it is proposed to reclaim in the southern states. Our land Is superior In every way. CLUBS SHOULD ACT. "Up and down the great Snake river valley, in western and northern Idaho there should be something stir ring at the present time. Every com mercial club, board of trade and civic organization should meet in this state, discuss the matter of centralizing our efforts to secure federal funds, name delegates to a state convention and raise the necessary funds to pay the expenses of a strong delegation to go to Washington and to present to the (Continued on Pago Two.) MME. SCHUMANN-HEINK HEARS OF SON'S DEATH; WAS OFFICER FOR HUNS Kansas City, Feb. 14.— Mme. Schu mann-Heink, prima donna, wus inform ed here of the death of her oldest son, August Scliumann-Helnk, who died two months ago of wounds received in the German naval service. A letter, which was dated Copenhagen. Denmark, De cember 18, 8918, and signed "Käthe," was the first word the prima donna had received of her son since he became an officer in Ihe German navy. It con talned no mention of the manner of her son's death except to say it was "in performance of his duty." The prima donna, who has four sons jin the American service, said she would not cancel any of her engagements. "All my life I have worked for my children." she explained, "and I will he brave. It I* for them," ' SOLDIER SON JOINS McADOO. Santa Barbara, Cal., Feb. 14— w. G. McAdoo, Jr., was with his father, for mer Secretary McAdoo here today. He arrived lata yesterday direct from France where he bad been ln service with the army aviation section since early in the war. L LEAGUE'S COVENANT The full text and covenant of the league of nations, was officially an nounced today as follows: COVENANT PREAMBLE. In order to promote internation al co-operation and secure inter national peace and security by ac ceptance of obligations not to re sort to war, by prescription of open, just and honorable relations between nations, by firm estab lishment of understanding of in ternational law as the actual rule of conduct of governments and by maintenance of justice and scru pulous respect for all treaty obli gations in dealings of organized peoples with one another, powers signatory to this covenant adopt this constitution of the league of nations: ARTICLE 1. The action of the high con tracting parties under the terms of this covenant shall be effected through the instrumentality of tho body of delegates representing high contracting parties, of meet ings at more frequent intervals of executive council and of perman ent international sectarian to be established at the seat of the league. , ARTICLE II. Meetings of tho body of dele gates shall be held at stated in tervals and from time to time a* occasion may require for the pur pose of dealing with matters with in the jurisdiction of the league. Meetings of the body of dele gates shall be held at the seat of the league or at such place as may be found convenient, and shall consist of representatives of the high contracting parties. Each of the latter shall have one vote, but may have not more than three representatives. ARTICLE III. The executive council shall con sist of representatives of the United States of America, the Brit ish empire, France, Italy and Ja pan, together with representatives of four other states, members of the league. The selection of these four states shall be made by the body of delegates on such princi ples and such manner as they think fit. Pending the appointment of those representatives of the other states representatives (-) shall be members of tho executive council. Meetings of the council shall be held from time to time as occa sion may require, and at least once a year at whatever place may be decided on, or failing any such de cision at the seat of the league, and any matter within the sphere of action of the league or affect ing the peace of the world may bo dealt with at such meetings. Invitations shall be sent to any power to attend a meeting of the council at which such matters di rectly affecting its interests are to be discussed and no decision taken at any meeting will be bind ing on such powers so invited. ARTICLE IV. All matters of procedure at meetings of delegates or the execu tive council, including the appoint ment of committees, shall be regu lated by the body of delegates of the council, and may be decided by a majority of the states represent ed at the meeting. The first meet ing of the body of delegates and the executive council shall be sum moned by the president of the United States. ARTICLE V. The permanent secretariat of the league shall be established at (-), which shall constitute the »eat of tho league. The secre tariat shall comprise such secre taries and staff as may be re quired under the general direction and control of a secretary-gen eral of the league, who shall be chosen by the executive council; that secretariat shall be appointed by the secitptary general subject to confirmation by tho executive council. Tho secretary general shall act in that capacity at all meet ings of the body of delegates or of the executive council. The expenses of the secretariat shall be borne by the states—mem bers of the league—in accordance with the apportionment of expenses of tho international bureau of the universal postal union. ARTICLE VI. Representatives of the high con tracting pa .■ties and of those of the league when engaged in the busi ness of the league shall enjoy dip lomatic privileges and immunities and the buildings occupied by the league or its officials or by repre sentatives attending the meetings shall enjoy tho benefits of extra territoriality. ARTICLE VII. Admission to the league of states, not signatories to the covenants and not named in the protocol hereto as stated to be invited to adhere to the covenant, requirss ths asssnt of not less than two thirds of ths states reprssented in the body of delegates and shall be limited to fully self-governing countries, including dominions and colonies. No state shall be admitted to the league unless it is able to give ef fective guarantees of its sincers in tention to observe its international obligations and unies* it shall con form to each principls as may bs prsscribsd by the league in regard (Continued on Page Two.) COMPLETED WILSON READS NATION LEAGUE DRAFT TO PEACE CONFEREES; STRONG MEASORES INCLUDED TO FRUSTRATE FUTURE WARS THREE COURSES OPEN TO LEAGUE IN CASE ANY NATION MAKES WAR WITHOUT SUBMITTING ISSUES TO ARBI TRATION; SEVERANCE DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS, ECO NOMIC BLOCKADE AND USE OF FORCE; INTERNATION AL POLICE FORCE IS VOTED DOWN. By FRED S. FERGUSON. Paris, Feb. 14—The first world constitution was made public this afternoon when President Wilson read the draft of the league of nations organization before the general peace conference. While not containing provisions for any sort of interna tional police force the constitution includes stringent meas ures designed to prevent future wars. THREE COURSES OPEN. In case any nation makes war without first submitting the questions at issue to arbitration, the following possible courses are open to the league : Severance of diplomatic relations between mem bers of the league and the recalcitant power. An economic blockade of the nation refusing arbi tration. Recommendation by the executive council for the use of force. Use of force, however, will leave to each power freedom ot> action under its constitution to make the necessary declaration of war. FRENCH MOTION LOSES. The international police force, or general staff, was urged by the French and put to a vote yesterday afternoon. After a stirring speech by Senator Bourgeois, it was over whelmingly defeated. Only the French and Czecho-Slovaks voted favoring it. With this feature eliminated, the constitution was adopted unanimously. * The constitution includes a pre ample and 27 articles, having been in creased from the original 22 articles during yesterday's session. The last articles are devoted purely to parliamentary matters. The others cover organization of the league. Congratulations on »»curing adoption of the league's constitu tion poured into American head quarters before this afternoon's plenary session. Members of the league constitu tion committeo declared "it was the golden day of hietory." They declared that despite contrary rumors the French are solidly behind the constitution. SPECIAL PRIVILEGES. The constitution provides that repre sentatives and league officials shall en joy diplomatic privileges and immuni ties and that the buildings of the league shall enjoy "extra territoriality." The constitution provides that a per manent secretariat shall be established at the seat of the league to be com prised of such secretaries as needod under the control of a secretary gen eral who shall be chosen by tho execu tive council. He shall appoint the secretariat subject to confirmation by the executive council. Payment of expenses of the secre tariat shall be made by apportionment in accordance with the apportionment of expenses of the interntaional bureau of the postal union. STARS BLAMED FOR HIS POLICEMEN'S MISTAKES Oakland, Cal., Feb. 14—Chief of Po lice Nedderman believes in the zodiac. Also in phrenology. Six Oakland policemen have been suspended already this month for va rious reasons, but while the chief is punishing them he doesn't blame them. "February is a policeman's 'ooo-ooo' month," said Neddercan today. "A copper is liable to do anything In February. The fault is ln the stars." THE WEATHER Forecast for Boise and vicinity: UNSETTLED WEATHER WITH PROBABLY RAIN OR SNOW TO NIGHT AND SATCRDAY. For Idtho: Tonight and Saturday, unsettled, probably rain or snow. Highest temperature yesterday, 42; lowest temperature this morning, 31; mean temperature yesterday, 86, BUT $7.50 TO GO our Veterans Explain Situation to Washington State Legisla tors ; Urge Passage of Lamp ing Bill to Meet Problem. Olympia, Wash., Feb. 14.—America's soldiers are leaving the service with an average of $7.50 pay ln their clothes. They need civilian attire, food and a few days relaxation at least to say "fiowdy" to the folks at home. Unless they are given a lump sum of money to tide them over for this period, It will be a stain on the state. They will not ask tor charity. These statements were made by men back from overseas duty who tried to explain the veterans' viewpoint to members of the state legislature, now considering an appropriation of $2, 500,000 under the Lamping bill, to pay a cash bonus to every ex-service man. MANY FAVOR MEASURE. Organized labor leaders, taxpayers' representatives, service men's parents and veterans of the civil and Spanish American war appeared to back up the returned soldiers and sailors and urge passage of the lamping measure. Con gressional action, they said, will be too late to accomplish any material good. A petition signed by every Seattle bank and dozens of big business con cerns was presented calling for favor able action on the provisions. MINERS CONTINUE TO QUIT JEROME SECTOR Jerome, Ariz., Feb. 14.—The exodvm of miners from the Jerome district continued today following yesterday's shutdown of the United Verde and United Verde Extension mines. Four additional arrests were made T»y department of Justice agents late yesterday, A total of 11 alleged alien agitators now are being held for pos sible deportntlon.