Newspaper Page Text
FRANCE NOT TO
OPPOSE LEAHE MLL ADHERE TO PEACE DECISION Though Contending Strongly for Certain Revision in Con stitution, France Willing to Accept Powers' Verdict. POINTS OUT NATION MOST MENACED IN THE WORLD Forced to Maintain Larger Army and Therefore Some Provision to Even Up Bal ance Should Be Made. By WILLIAM PHILLIP SIMMS Paris, Feb. 17.—France will abide by the decision of the peace conference regarding the league of nations, wheth cs»that decision is for or against the league, it was learned on high author ity today. The United Press Is In a position to set aside completely the report that the French Insist on in serting certain clauses in the league constitution before they accept It. The French already had approved the co venant as read by President Wilson be fore the general peace congress Friday. The point made by Senator Bour geoise Is that France is the most men aced nation in the world and that the Germans are figuratively still at the door of the French capital. v SHOULD EVEN UP. As a result of this, France, with a small population, is forced to main tain a larger army than her less threatened associates. Therefore, he contends, the league ought to make some provision to even up this eco nomic strain. Bourgeoise does not fa vor an international army stationed permanently In France, but he does Want proportionate navy forces scat tered over the world, among the mem ber nations ready for instant call from the league. FOR INSTANT ACTION. He also believes machinery for In stant military action should be formed as part of the league Instead of leaving a program to be drawn up after any trouble starts.. France will bring up these Ideas when the league constitution is de bated by the conference. But If she Is unable to win approval for them, she will adhere firmly to the league organ ization as advocated by her associates. TAFT CERTAIN (Continued from Page One.! this war and end the possibility • of any such war in the future. Now do we hear the claim that we did not go Into this war for the benefit jf'.thc world, but for our own selfish pur poses. ''Senator Poindexter attacks the eighth article of the constitution of the league on disarmament as fol lows: " 'The provision Is unconstitutional and an impairment of the sovereign ty and Independence of this country.' CONGRESS HAS POWER. "Congress, under the constitution determines what our armament shall be; and therefore it Is quite true that even If we made an agreement, con gress would retain the constitutional power of violating that agreement and .Increasing the armament beyond the limit set; but that does not prevent the treaty-making power from enter ing into, the obligation. It Is not a transfer of sovereignty—it Is only an BILL HART BRANDING BROADWAY A PHOTOPLAY OF ACTION, THRILLS AND SURPRISES SCSNIC COMEDY MAJESTIC TODAY—TOMORROW HISSE BW (Continued from Page One.) desperate and our mastery of It will depend entirely upon tkb condition In which the .entente leaves us," sai Schelffor. "We must wait cooly until they de cide. Germany's war credits an« loans total 160 , 000 , 000,000 marks," (140.000,000,000.) Kcheiffer charged ' crookedness" In conduct of the war, especially by profiteers. "The present economic situation al so Is desperate," he said. "The various strikes are unjustified. One great trouble Is that country workers crowd Into the city, whereas, they are badly needed In the country." „ FINANCE8 CRITICAL. He said the empire faced exhaustion in October, 1918, but was tided over through the Issuing of 15,000,000,000 marks (83,750,000,000) In unsecured notes. The last reichstag, he said, had r.ot paid more than 18,000,000,00 marks (34,500,000,000) of the whole debts. Schelffor said he would not con demn the workmen's and soldiers' councils, as their organizations was necessary for the success of the revo lution In its initial stages, but he de clared their rule had resulted In the misuse of tremendous funds. He pro posed an official Investigation of past expenditures and survey of future needs. The 1818 taxes, he said, must total 19,000,000,000 marks ($4,750,000,» 000) compared with 5,000,000,000 marks ($1,250,000,000) just before the war. Open debates are expected to end next week when the government plans to announce its appointments to the various commissions that will handle details of legislative and administra tive problems. The national assembly probably will be adjourned Thursday until the commissioners complete their work. agreement to limit our fortifications and our means of attack In consider ation of other nations doing the same thing. The most, famous agreement that we have made on this point is the agreement we have with Great Britain, by which we agree not to fortify the boundary between Canada and the United States or to place war vessels on the lakes. 'That agreement is of one hundred years' standing and has been praised by every statesman who has referred to it. 'Tl)e most PXtrcme position of Sen ator Poindexter Is that the United States can not consent to arbitration of Issues between It and other coun tries because it might affect the vital interests of the nation. There have been 100 arbitrations between the United States and other countries many of them of very great concern. TJte question of the payment of the Alabama claims related to a prin ciple of International law and Inter national safety that was of the high est importance. The arbitration of the Alaskan boundary was another. UTTERLY GRATUITOUS. "The assumption that either the court of arbitration or the executive council of the league by unanimous judgement would seek to take away the sovereignty or the liberty or the Independence of the United States is utterly gratuitous. It is so extreme a view that It ought not to._be given any weight as an objection to machin ery for the peaceful adjustment of dif ferences by decision of international courts. • "No reasonable and patriotic and properly self-respecting citizen of the United States can claim that our sovereignty should have more than a right to freedom of action within the limitations of International law, in ternational morality, and a due re gard for the rights of other nations. The only sovereignty which we ought to claim is sovereignty regulated 6y these limitations. "Now the league does not propose In any way further to restrict that sovereignty but only through the joint compulsion of all nations to keep a would-be outlaw nation within the proper and existing limitation. The league is not a super-severeign. It Is only a partnership. Its power Is in joint agreement—not In the estab lishment of a government. The sena tor's objection is mundamental. If :t were analyzed and logically developed, it Is a reactionary doctrine that be longs to the German view of the state and its needs and Its rights. It is not consonant with any hope by in ternational action ~of settling differ ences other than by the power of the sword. It leads directly to the pro posal that 'might makes right.' NATIONAL 8ELFI8HNESS. 'It is based on a dpetrine of su preme national selfishness. It is the pessimistic and despairing view of any possibility of restricting war. It con templates with entire acqulesence the prospect of another war through which we have passed, In the next 10 or 20 years. It prevents the glorious area of a national sovereignty to keep It from helping the fnmlly of nations. It perverts our grand federal constitu tion to render helpless ter the good of the world what under the provi dence of God has become the world's greatest power. "Will the American people acquiesce In such a small view of our tesponsl bilitles for mankind and of our gov ernmental capacity dor International benefit?* We may be confident they will not." 1918 COAL OUTPUT BEATS RECORD 34,000,000 TONS Washington, Feb. 17.—American coal miners Increased the 1918 production of coal 34,000,000 tone over 1917, Sec retary of the Interior Lane stated to day, in praising their work during the war. "The 1918 production of (85,300,000 tons was the largest In the nation's history, and this was a tremendous factor in bringing the war to a speedy close," Lane said. Casualties during the year totalled 2575, but deaths doe to the explosion of gas and coal dust were decreased 233 from 1917. Raao moving made easy. Call 71. Peaelay Transfer A (tonga Co.—Adv. EMMETT 1I6ITI0I TUNNEL COMPLETED improvement Doublet Capacity for Main Canal System and Inanres Adequate Water Supply for 20,000 Acrea. Emmett, Feb. 17—The Emmett ir rigation district's tunnel near Mon tour, 12 miles east of Emmett, was completed Friday at a cost of $37,000. This tunnel Is a very important im provement over the old one that was replaced, as it doubles the capacity of water for the main canal eystem and Insures an abundance of water for the 20,000 acres In the district comprising the famous Emmett bench and slope land. The new tunnel Is of cement, where as the old one was of wood construc tion. The old tunnel was eight feet wide, 5V4 feet high and 604 feet long. Ti had a partition in the center, mak ing (wo barrels each 4 feet wide and 514 feet high. The new tunnel is much larger and has no partition. It Is 12 feet wide with straight walls 3 feet high and then is half-circular in form, making it 7 feet high In the center. It Is 604 feet lang. W. H. Stssler had the contract for the tunnel. He began pouring th cement for the tun nel on Nov. 4, 1918, and competed the Job Feb. 14. PUTTING IN CEMENT FLUME8. This irrigation district is steadily replacing steel flumes with cement, ones and eventually will have a first class Irrigation system. There was re cently completed between Emmett and Montour on the main canal a cement flume 450 feet in length, which re placed a steel flume. Now the dis trict is getting ready to put in 720 feet more cement flume, to replace steel flume, above Montour. This ce ment flume will be 18 feet wide and seven feet high. When this is com pleted all the steel channel flume be tween the dam near Horseshoe Bond and Squaw creek will be replaced with cement flume. NEW $5000 RESIDENCE. J. II. Ellis is building for W. H. Madden. garage man, a strictly modern residence at a cost of $5000. It will he two stories high with full basement. There will be seven rooms on the main floor. The second story will be fitted up ns an amusement hall, as Mr. Madden calls It. It will contain a billiard table, etc. The house will be beautiful In its style of archi tecture and is being built on the lot just east of F. A. DeClark's big brick on east Main street. Work has been started on the $3000 bungalow to be built on east Second street for G. W. Knowles, the county surveyor of Gem county. FINE ORCHARD SOLD. A deal was Just closed whereby J. I. Hitt sold to Mr. Gray of Harney coun ty, Oregon, the f'ne 20 acre orchard on the famous Emmett slope three miles east of town. While the consideration Is not made public it Is understood a good price was paid for the place. It Is in apple, peach and cherry trees, eight and 10 years old. Possession will be given March 1. Mr. Hitt owns other property In the Emmett district and will continue to live here. CATTLE GROWERS TO MEET WEDNESDAY Statewide Organization to Hold Annual Meeting in Boise Feb. 19 and 20—Most Interest ing Program Prepared. The fourth annual convention of the Idaho Cattle and Horse Growers' as sociation will be held In this city Feb. 19 and 20. The Id^iho Cattle and Horse Growers' association Is one of the largest and widest known organizations in the northwest, and its annual meeting Is one that Is looked forward to with anticipation by Its members for the program that la presented is of high quality, and those who attend always leave with enhanced knowledge. The program for the opening day of the convention follows: Wednesday, Feb. 19—2 p. m. Convention called to order. Invocation—Rev. Willsle Martin of Boise. • Addresses of welcome—Hon. D. W. Davis, governor of Idaho; Hon. Sam uel II. Hays, mayor of Boise. Response—Stockmen present — Se lected. Annual address of president—Judge Clay Vance, Mackay, Idaho. Announcement of committee appoint ments— Resolutions, legislative, fi nancing association. Address—"Disease Control Work"— Dr. E. R. McClure, bureau of animal Industry. 'Address—"The Outlook"—Hon. Ed. Parsons, Salt Lake City, Utah. Address — "Better Breeding" — Dr. John Adams, state veterinarian. Address—"Beef as I Have Known It on the Range and With the Colors"— Dave Define, Hailey. Idaho. Reporta —M. 8. Vaught, for executive committee; L. E. Dillingham, secre tary. Introduction of resolutions. Adjournment. Though It la not stated In the official program_where the convention la to be held, It is thought that it will convene at the rooms of the Boise commercial club. CALIFORNIA FEEL8 TREMOR. Lob Angeles, Feb. 17.—Light earth quake shocks which visited Lob An geles and vicinity yesterday were en tirely local In character according to the weather bureau today. The shocks were heaviest at Venice. No serious damage was reported. BeUiANS Hot water Sure Relief B,ELL;ANS PACKING HOUSE WORKERS GET 2 1 / 2 c HOUR BOOST Chicago, Feb. 17.—Award of 2H cents an hour Increase In wages up to 42H cents an hour for American pack ing house employes was announced to day by Judge Altschuler, arbitrator. Time and a half for all overtime above eight hours was also awarded. The awards were made effective March 2, 1919. A retroactive clause provides work ers shall receive, in addition to the new scale, 10 per cent of the weekly wage up to and Including $20 a week dating from November 10, 1918. Judge Altschuler said variations of the awards may be made later. The award affects 100,000 workers employed by the ''big packers" in all their plants. SEEKS FEDERAL! ONSPLIT-EVEN BASIS Representative French Greatly Concerned Over Building of a Road From Stites and Orangeville to Elk City. (Capital News Special Service) Washington, Feb. 17.—Representative Burton L. French, of Idaho, has been developing much time to an effort to obtain federal aid for a proposed high way from Stites and Grangeville to Elk City, and Is confident that either the forest service or the office of good roads of the department of agricul ture would be favorable to the propo sition upon a fifty-fifty basis—that Is the government furnishing 50 per cent of the cost and the state, or states and local organizations, the other 50 per cent. The Idaho legis lature recently memorialized congress to appropriate $500,000 for this road. Mr. French Is very doubtful that the federal government will be more lib eral than to pay half the cost of ths road. "I am heartily In favor of the ut most liberality in this matter for I realize the importance of the road," Mr. French said, "but we cannot overlook the fact that the west is in the minority in congress, in both the senate and house, and the east con siders that It has been unusually lib eral In agreeing to a fifty-fifty basis because there was no such basis when extensive road work was com pleted In some or many of the east ern states. WON'T GO FURTHER. "The eastern members of congress say, 'We had our roads to build and built them. We are now willing to give federal aid on the basis of fifty fifty to the western states, but we do not propose to go farther.' "I am giving my hearty support to the amendment to the postoffice ap propriation bill providing for addition al appropriations for roadbulldlng dur ing the coming year," Mr. French said. "1 am supporting this for two reasons: First, we need the roads and It will be a matter of ultimate econ omy to construct thenfî In the second place, this Is In harmony with what I have been urging upon congress since the armistice was signed, that the federal government should, as far as practical, co-operate In road build ing and similar kinds of necessary public work that will furnish employ ment for labor and a market for ma terials, and even use for materials al ready owned by the government. This will take care largely of the slack in labor. COSTLY EXPENSE. "We are told that thousands of men have not been discharged from the army because they do not have work to which they can go today. Has It occurred to the people that the cost of supporting 500,000 soldiers for 90 days Is approximately 100 millions of doilars? More than that, if that many soldiers could be released and the same amount of money expended In road building, there would be some thing to show for the expenditure; whereas the mere retention of 500,000 men In the army for 90 days, If they are not needed, means an expenditure for which there is no return." SINN FEIN CHIEFTAIN FUGITIVE REPORTED LANDED IN AMERICA Dublin, Fob. 17.—Professor Ed ward Os Valera, Sinn Fain loader, who escaped recently from an Eng lish prison, was reported today to bo in ths Unitsd States. He is said by Sinn Fsinsrt hero to have boarded a British liner at an Eng lish port. Ho was in disguise, it .was stated, and intends to preserve his incognito until ho can asa Präsident Wilson. FILES $10,000.000 SUIT. Springfield. III.. Feb. 17— Suit for $10,000,000 wae (lied In federal court here today against the Holt Manufac company of Peoria, by Charles Ferldy, Bellevue, Dl. "Infringement oi invention," 1b charged by Parldy. The plaintiff alleges he Invented the caterpillar tractor In 1392 but through Illness was prevented from securing a patent at that time. Ha charges the Holt company later patented the ma china and made enormous- profits through Its sals. I I Boise Boy Shows That Heither Huns, Shrapnel Shell Wounds Nor Double Pneumonia Can Keep Him Down. • Alvin W. Long, private, with the American troops overseas. well known Boise boy, has a hard pull to make against Huns, shrapnel shell wounds and pneumonia, but he won out and Is now waiting at a base hospital at Bordeaux, France, eager to return to America and home. In a letter to relatives here he said: "At last I will write a line to let you know that I am still among the living. I just arrived here today. On November 1, I was detailed, among others to go 'over the top,' to cut barbed wire In front of the first wave of Marines, but I didn't get very far when a piece of shrapnel stopped me. It hit me on the left shoulder tearing a large hole In my overcoat, also tear ing a hole seven Inches long and 3 1 ,* Inches wide In my shoulder. Of course I went to the hospital, and after 11 arrived I developed double pneumonia and believe me, I had a hard Old fight with the wound and pneumonia both against me. On November 22 the crisis came and went .and I stayed, because 1 knew that to wait until the war was over and then check it would be quite a disappointment to all of ypu. "But here I am at a base port wait ing for orders to board the boat that will carry me hack to home and all of you. I haven't heard from any of you since about the middle of Septem ber, but I hope that you are all In the best of health as this leaves me. "I expect to be here for at least three or four weeks, although of course I don't know. I am anx'lous to get hack now that 1 am so close to the big pond." I Movers, Teamsters, Bookbind ers and Other Councils to Lay Off In Effort to Help La bor Mayorality Candidate. Chicago, Feb. 17.—Movers, team sters, bookbinders and milk wagon drivers toduy were among the union councils voting to join the "general labor holiday" called by the Chicago Federation of Labor for April 1, mu nicipal election day. The holiday which, according to Morton L. Johnson, secretary of the la bor party, was voted to give union men a chance to picket the polls In the in terest of John Fitzpatrick, labor can didate for mayor, and his running mates. "The holiday will be a unique affair." declared Johnson. "We will simply lay down our tools for one day and pick them up the next. Indications are that 200,000 or more workers will not work that day." "It Is In no sense a general strike," said Johnson. "There are certain Industries, such os public utilities, which we could not ask to Join. We do not desire to tie up the | city's business or industrial life. Most; essential lines will not be asked to par ticipate. I nm 1 : ^3 THE EMINENT ACTOR SirJohnston For bey Robertson I Passing of tte Third Floor f FORBES ROBERTSON —IN— A FIOTURIZATION OF THE PASSING OF THE THIRD-FLOOR BACK FROM JEROME'S GREAT STAGE FLAY STRAND TODAY »TOMORROW* AND IN ADDITION THE Pathe Weekly-Ghristy Comedy Fights Germans, Wounds and Pneumonia, and Lives •-4 ALVIN W. LONG Humorous Happenings Here, There, Everywhere; Put Up in Tabloid Form | I Chicago—Patrick Ryan. boirder, pulled a keen one. "Here's a present for you," he said to fellow boarders. He produced an axe and proceede« to lay about right merrily. New address: Cell 8, tier 4. Chicago—"Tom, Dick, Harry and Joe," 10 to 14, are ready to quit a life of crime. Caught attempting to crack a five and ten cent emporium they see no hope of getting by with a bank. Detroit—Hereafter when Ellas Mee chel shoots craps he'll take care to lose. He won 50 cents from two men and they promptly shot him for his temsrlty. He will recover. Monroe, Mich.—An enjoyable tlm# was had here today. Three casee of whisky fell from a booze smuggler's truck. Carllnvllle, Ills.—City Marshal Dick Dum» marched Into the high school building. The pupils marched out. "Call 'em back," he cried. "Quit lean ing on the fire alarm button then," replied Principal Blue. Taylorville, III.—Earl Bulpltt is an undertaker. He owned a valuable mounted goat's head. Somebody got Bis goat. "My business Is going to pick up suddenly," predicts Egrl. Kansas City, Kan.—Set of $300 mink furs slipped from Mrs. James Goodell's shoulders in the Hotel Baltimore lobby unnoticed. Her "husband" applied for and received them at the desk. Furs still missing. Kansas City, Mo.—Some thief broke lock off barn door of B. & O. Coal company, harnessed team and drove load of coal away. Then returned the horses and wagon. Lincoln, Neb.—John Prediger has lost confidence in his private bank. He "deposited" $5000 under his coal shed floor. Only $3300 remained next morn ing. . ELECT OFFICERS. The 1918 officers of ths Idaho State Horticultural society were re-elected Saturday morning at the closing ses sion of the convention; they being C. J. Sinsel, president; Harry N. Yost, vice president; A. E.-Glpson, treasurer; I. Lee Truax, secretary. URKS DU HUHUG - TO EASE JOB FMIHHE Labor Department Favors Im mediate Construction Hard Surface Highways; $248, 600 U. S. Funds Available. Washington, Feb. 17.—Immediate construction of hard surfaced roads throughout the country was urged by the labor .department today as a means of relieving the unemployment situa tion. Although $48,500,000 of government money Is available to assist in the work, only 45 miles of roads have been completed under the plan of the gov ernment, state and county sharing In the cost. About $200,000,000 more soon will be appropriated, it Is expected. The government has approved 760 road building projects, totalling 7899 miles, and it Is this work that the de partment Is anxious to start at ones. Only eight states have completed roads under the government plan, al though It has been In force since 1917. Arkansas has built five miles; Cali fornia, 7; Louisiana, 4; Massachusetts, 14; North Carolina, 8 ; Vermont, 1; Washington, 4, and West Virginia, $. Texas, with 70 projects totalling 993 miles, leads In the number ap proved by the government. Others have obtained government approval for the following mileage, the federal government's share of the money for the work being Immediately available: Arizona, 78; Arkansas, 11$: Califor nia. 97; Colorado, 184; Idaho, 166; Illi nois, 179; Indiana, 30; Iowa, 412; Kan sas, 203; Louisiana, 128; Michigan, 170; Minnesota, 569; Mississippi, 261; Mis souri, 113; Montana, 86 ; Nebraska, 8885 Nevada, 181; New Mexico, 244; North Dakota, 487; Oklahoma, 44; Oregon, 136; Texas, 993 ; Utah, 237; Washing ton, 76: West Virginia, *•; Wisconsin, 231; Wyoming, 158. MYSTERY SOLVED; NOT PETTICOATS; BLOOMERS New York, Feb. 17.—SshIM Ss-sha —corns down hers In a secluded corner. Listen! The great mystery Is solved. Ever since jthe women began wear ing those tight skirts the pubdo has been wondering about petticoats. Ac cording to several thousand eye-wit nesses, petticoats ain't. It's bloomers. Instead. Long ones, varl-colored. and varl-cut, caught In Just above the ankle and with the deafest little ruf fles. This was revealed today by an In quisitive wind. LEAVES MANY VACANCIES. Paris, Feb. 17.—American headquar ters at the Hotel Crlllon was slightly less crowded today, owing to the de parture of the presidential party, sev eral members of the American com mission and scores of correspondents. Most of the commissioners and news paper men left for the southern prov inces to recuperate from the effects of grip and Influenza. McBratney A Co., Undertakers. Our auto hearse Is for hire whether we have charge of funeral or not. Only undertakers In Boise who own an auto hearse. Price $7 In city.—Adv. tf CHIROPOdV ÄND ELECTROLYS IS'. Room 312, Overland. Dr. D. E. Arm strong. Adv. tf.