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FIRST EVENING CAPITALNEWS WEATHER THURSQAY. Probably rain or anow tonight ond Thursday. VOL. XLU. BOISE, IffAHO, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1919 No. 36 Premier Clemenceau Target of Would-Be Assassin HUN WORKMEN ON THE VERGE OF REBELLION; SINKE NEARS Real Revolution Threatens to Break Out in Germany Any Hour; Economic Situation Is Cause of Serious Unrest. WORKERS' COUNCIL INSISTS UPON SOCIALIZATION PLAN Discontents, Led by Theodore Will, Warn Cabinet Hasty Reforms Necessary to Avoid Strike of Big Proportions. Basle, Feb. 19.—Captain von Se lo w, naval representative on the German armistice commission, has resigned because of the severity of the new conditions, it was reported in a Berlin dispatch today. PRISON ATTACK FOILED. Stockholm, Feb. 19.—Spartaean mobs In an attempt to free Karl Radek, the Russian Bolshevik emissary, attacked the famous Moabit prison in Berlin Saturday, according; to dispatches re ceived here today. Both attempts were repelled by government troops. Other dispatches reported Spartaean outbreaks in Bavaria. Premier Eis ner's secretary is said to be encourag ing the Spartacans there, who already have succeeded in arresting several government officials. By FRANK J. TAYLOR. (Copyright 1919, by United Press) Weimar, Feb. 19.—The rea .4 revolu tion threatens to break out in Ger many at any hour. This imminent upheaval is not political but economic, and it is being organized by the work men themselves. For the past thr^o days delegates from the workers' council of the Essen region have been serfing ultimatums on the new German cabinet, insisting upon Socialization of industries, mini mum wages higher than the present maximum, recognition of all work mens councils and abolition of capi talism. The workers' program borders on communism, but they have declared against violent methods, "unless abso lutely necessary." SEEKS COMPROMISE. More than half the cabinet members are devoting their entire time to deal ing with the workmen's representa tives, who are headed by Theodor Will, of Essen. Chancellor Scheide tnann is attempting to compromise, promising socialization "as soon as possible." This does not satisfy the distrustful workmen who are utilizing every hour of delay to extend their Wgiinization, increase their supplies and infect government troops with the spirit of non-resistance against the workers when the break comes. The correspondent interviewed Will, who is a clear-minded, practical labor leader, about 40 years of age. "We do not want violence, we simply demand fulfillment of the revolution, (Continued on Pa Two.) Confederation of Greece, Ser bia, Rumania and Zecho Slovakia Wants Permanent Representation in Parley. By HENRY WOOD. Paris, Feb. 19—The Balkan confed eration will demand permanent rep resentation on the executive council of the league of nutions along with the five great powers It was learned from an authoritative source today. This group, comprising Greece, Ser bia, Rumania and Czecho-Slovakia, was organized by Premier Venizelos for defensive purposes—a common Balkan policy and especially enforce ment of peace in southeastern Europe. It Is now known that Venizelos, dur ing discussions of the league of na-v tlons, urged adoption of a clause per mitting defensive alliances. Although the commission refused to Insert such a clause In the draft, it did not pro hibit such alliances, merely providing In article XXIII for the registration of such treaties. The confederation, as a result, 1» planning on being the first group to ■ubmlt Its defensive alliance treaty to the league for registration and at the game time detnandlng that one of the four places on th* executive council which remains unfilled b* assigned to a delegate representing all the Bal kans. SHIP BEARING SECOND IDAHO SOLDIERS HELD UP AT BERMUDA ISLES Newt hat rttchtd Boita that the bulk of tha Second Idaho, sailing from France, February 0 on tho Kansas, had been held up at Ber muda for several days, presumably by mechanical trouble on board ship,, and that they would arrive in New York next Saturday. Colonel Olaen it reported in command of tha returning Idahoans. BORAH ASKS PROTECTION FOR MONROE DOCTRINE Washington, Feb. 19.—Senator Borah of Idaho, in an open letter to former President Taft, asked advocate* of thg proposed league of.nations if they would offer an amendment to the Paris constitu tion draft reserving the right of the United States to preserve the Monro, doctrin. intact. !T Declares Covenant Will Steal Away America's National Sovereignty; Scores Effort to Prevent Discussion. Washington, Feb- 19.—A resolu tion declaring that the United States, in co-operation with tho allies, should send an army of suf ficient size to Petrograd and Mos cow and other points in Russia to defeat the Bolsheviki was intro duced in the senate today by Sena tor McCuttiber of North Dakota, as a substitute for a resolution of Senator Hiram Johnson of Cali fornia. By L. C. MARTIN. Washington, Feb. 19—Senator Poin dexter, Washington, today attacked the league of nations constitution. "A frightful compact, it fatal coven ant," which will steal away American national sovereignty and make this nation part of a great international soviet, was the description of the document given the senate by Poin dexter. Opening discussion of the league, Poindexter said it marks the end of our traditional policy of "mind your own business," which we have applied to ourselves and to other nations alike. Analyzing the constitution, article by' article, he declared: A LA BOLSHEVISM. That the constitution, as drafted, proposes a world gov ernment modeled along lines of the Russian soviet government. That it ia part of the same in ternationalism which the I. W. W. and the Bolshevist is striving for. That instead of bringing per petual peace, it will sow dragon's teeth from which armed men will spring." That unless it is submitted to the American people in a politi cal campaign for their approval or disapproval, popular govern ment in the United States will disappear. Poindexter criticized President Wil son's efforts to keep congress f/oin discussing the league in advance of his return, and charged that hired propagandists are at work spreading the administration's views. SINCE THE CIVIL WAR. "The matters contained In the pro posed constitution are the most mo mentous In their effect on the peo ple and the government of the United States since the civil war," said Poin dexter. "But before the busy world, whose destinies are to be controlled, has had an opportunity to read and digest its provisions, we are requested pot to make it the subject of debate in congress until the president can again speak it Its behalf. "In the meantime, .various organi zations, such as the Deague to En force Peace, the Society of Free Na tions and other internationalists em ploying an ex-president of tho United States as one of their chief lecturers and inducing members of the cabi net to keep busy In their behalf. "There Is an Internationalism of the elite and an internationalism of the proletariat in world. There is Inter nationalism at the top and interna tionalism at the bottom and both ar# moving forward through different means and methods to the same desti nation. TO SAME DESTINATION. "Germany Is supporting both. The Idealists and poace-at-any-price paci fists are approaching by one road. The Industrial Workers of the World and their Bolshevist allies throughout the world are approaching upon another. Both lead to the same destination; an international and despotic government of the world. Both Involve the sur render of nationality and the getting t (Continued on Page Three) NON-PARTISAN LEAGUE TO BE SPLIT IF THIS PLAN PREVAILS More Oonservative Element and Democratic Politicians Getting Together on a Reor ganization. NO HOPE FOR TOWNLEYISM OR SOCIALISM IN IDAHO Feeling That Way About It, New Deal Regarded Desir able—Present Fee Collect ors Due for the Boot? A reorganization of the Nonpartisan league In Idaho is Imminent. It is ex pected it will be staged with a flourish of propaganda and promises before the legislature adjourns in order to prop erly Impress those members who are affiliated with the league or with the Democratic party as well as any Re publicans who may have indicated the virus of Bolshevism In their veins. This is not a voluntary realign ment, as understood, so far as the present leaders of the Nonpartisan league are concerned, for under the plans as agreed on at a recent meeting of prominent league lead ers of the more conservative stamp and of active Democratic politicians those leaders are to be kicked out, notably Messrs. McKaig and Scholtz. NO MORE TOWNLEYISM The prime factors in this movement have concluded that Townleylsm and Its association of Socialism and I. W. W.ism will not go In Idaho. It Is plan ned, therefore, to remove the new or ganization from all Townley and other North Dakota influence and ctlgrna. The newspaper at Nampa is to be taken over if the new order shall be put Into effect, together with all the machinery of the Nonpartisan league that may be considered usable. DEMOCRATS IN MOVE In this new movement certain Dem ocrats are taking a leading'part. Some of them were notoriously active in their attacks on the Nonpartisan league In the last campaign, which imparts added significance to the situation. BRISK FIGHT PROMISED The Townley leaders of the league In Idaho, such as McKaig and Scholtz, are understood to be advised and to be laying plans for a brisk resistance. In this they will be Joined by others who have been passing the hat among the farmers and by the Socialist and other radical elements in the league. BOURBONS MAY GET EVEN As the Nonpartisan league leaders In 'Idaho stole the Democratic party, so far as nominations were concerned, in the 1918 primary, it is whispered that the Democrats in the new movement have their appetite whetted to a keen edge by the thought of turning the tables and appropriating the league. OPPOSED TO VICIOUS ONES The promoters of the reorganization, Including a number of substantial farmers, are understood to be specially determined In view of the continued evidence of anarchistic-like vitupera tion und viclousness on the part of those at present in charge of t ie league as reflected in the league newspaper at Nampa. Such tactics, they aver, are Injuring the league, causing an unmistakable revulsion among the fober-thinklng membership. January Totals Reach $623, 000,000; Imports $2,000, 000 More Than Dec. Washington. Feb. 19—January ex porta set a new high record for Ameri can commerce. The export figure for the month was *623,000,000, the depart ment of commerce announced today. Only twice before have American ex ports reached the *600,000,000 mark, the department records show. The January figures were $67,000,000 higher than December and *70,000,000 greater, than for January, 1918, During the seven months of the fis cal year ending January II, the ex ports totalled »1,798,000,000, which was »848,000,000 more than the corre sponding period of the previous year. Imports In January were »313,000.000, which was *2,000,000 larger then De cember. January Imports, howevsr, were **1,000,000 less than January. 1918, aocordlng to the reoerd. RECOGNIZES GREATER SERBIA. Washington, Fsb. 11 .—Norway has recognized the government of greater Serbia, said a state department mes sage today. PEACE TREATY PRELMMARIES MAY BE READY BY APRI15TH Associated Powers Hopeful of Having Final Pact Signed by June if Germany Offers No Serious Obstacle. DISCUSS EXTRADITION OF THE FORMER BOCHE KING Victors Plan Carefully so as Not to Enable Wilhelm to Assume Martyr's Role to His Former Dupes. Basel, Feb. 19.—Professor Hein rich Lammasch, Austrian premier, has been designated by the Ger man government as minister to tho United States, providing German Austria is united with Germany, it was announced in a dispatch from Weimar today. . By FRED S. FERGUSON. Paris, Feb. 19—American, British, French and Italian delegates discussed the program for a preliminary peace today with the intention of having the outline completed soon after President Wilson's return to Paris. Belief was expressed that the pact might be ready for final discussion by the mid dle of April. The terms would Include delineation of German boundaries, definite estab lishment of her military, naval and economic istatus and fixation of the amount of reparation and of the method of payment. One plan has been suggested, and is said to be meeting with favor, for abolition of conscription In Germany for a period of 10 years with simul taneous reduction of her fleeL TO EASE WAR HABIT. This not only would be expected to have a good effect in Germany where every energy could be bent on rehabil itation and peaceful pursuits, but other nations might, find that conscrip tion is unnecessary and would lose the "war habit.'' Further steps toward fixing a basis for a preliminary peace will be taken (Continued on Page Two. 1223 Oregon Troops Aboard, All From Sunset Division ; Several Medal - wearing Western Fighters Included. New York, Feb. 19.—The White Star liner Canopic, from Liverpool and Brest, arrived today carrying 207 army officers, 22 naval officers and 1201 enlisted men of the 162nd Infantry, In cluding field and staff, headquarters and machine gun company, medical jdelachmcnt and companies A, B and C, snd a detachment of company D. Twelve hundred and twenty three Oregon troops, all from the Sunset division, under Command of Colonel John L. May of Portland, were abourd the Canopic. "Out of the 3700 boys that I took over 1 am bringing 1223 back with me," said Colonel May. "We had 600 casualties among which only two were killed in action and only 14 seriously wounded. The rest of tho troops are scattered all over France. FORMERLY THIRD OREGON. The 165th infantry. A, B, C and part of D companies which were aboard the Canopic, was formerly the original Third Oregon Infantry. Among the officers on board were Lieutenants Eugene Mason of Salem, Oregon; A. H. Jones of Haywood, Cal., and Ralph O'Neil of Nogales, Arlz. Lieutenant Mason wears the D. S. C. and Croix de Guerre, awarded for having captured single handed a ma chine gun nest In the Argonnn. Lieu tenant Jones, an nvlator with four planes to his credit, also wears both decorations. THE WEATHER Forecast for Boise and vicinity— PROBABLY RAIN OR KNOW TO NIGHT AND THURSDAY, For Idaho—Tonight and Thursday, probably rain or snow. Highest temperature yesterday,.,. 41 Lowest temperature this morning.. 94 Mean temperature yesterday ......W JURY FINDS HAMMOND GUILTY; SENTENCED TO FIVE YEARS IN PRISON Gun Assailant of District Attorney 8wagler, Whom He Shot Five Times, Is Conviited. (Capital News Special Service.) Vale, Ore., Feb. 19.—John Ham mond, charged with aaaault with intent to kill upon the person of R. W. Swagler, district attorney of Malheur county, January 7, 1919, was found guilty in circuit court yesterday before Judge Biggs, and waa sentenced this morning to ■erve not less than five nor mors than ten years in prison. The' trial /bagan Monday, Feb ruary 17, and the defense waa that of insanity, and that Hammond acted in self-defense. J. W. McCulloch and W. W. Wood of Ontario prosecuted tha case, while P. Monroe Smock and John Norris, of Payette acted as attorneys for the defendant. OF AIDING SLAB Charged Civilians Bought "Bomb Proof" Posts; Medi ». cal Examiner Now Serving Three-Year Term. New York, Feb. 19—Two naval of ficers are under arrest and a number of other naval men are under surveil le nee today in the investigation into alleged irregularities at headquarters of the third naval district here. It is charged that civilians who wanted to avoid being drafted, bribed certain of ficials to let them enlist as seamen, with the understanding that they could wear the uniform but remain ab work at their own offices, only re porting occassionally at headquarters. Lieutenant Benjamin Davis, a medi cal examiner, is known to be serving three years imprisonment, having been convicted of accepting from Joseph Whitehead of the naval intel ligence department a bribe of $500 in marked money. CONFINEQ ON SHIP. Another navy lieutenant is under stood to be confined aboard the train ing ship Granite state, awaiting trial. Special investigators have been sent here from Washington and Admiral Usher, commandant of the district, Is doing everything possible to aid in the inquiry. That "bomb proof" jobs have been sold and other irregularities are said to have been revealed in the probe. The exact number of arrests or de tention had not been announced, but it was anticipated that the depart ment would be in a position soon to make public additional details. EARLY DISCHARGE. At present the evidence tends to show that: "Bomb proof" jobs were sold so that slackers would not have to go to sea, or so that they could devote a good portion of their time to their New York business. Discharge* were granted early certain favored men. Any officer Convicted by courtmar tial will undoubtedly be given stiff sentences and it was said today that Secretary Daniels will concur in heavy punishment for all who have been im plicated. The berths affected were in the naval reserve and it is claimed that a number of them were assured of safe ty by payment of liberal sums. How extensive the traffic was is not Indi cated here. OFFICIAL STATEMENT STATES CLEMENCEAU NOT BADLY WOUNDED Several Bullet« Entered Clothing of Two Driver«—More Thorough Ex amination to Be Made. Parle, Feb. 19.—The following official etatement regarding the attempted assassination of the pre mier was issued today: "Premier Clemenceau was In his automobile in the Boulevard da Lescit when a man fired eight shots at him. "The premier was struck In the shoulder. Severul bullets entered the clothing of the two drivera, but they were not wounded. "Dr. Gruusset, after an examina tion, stated that the premier was not seriously wounded. "The physicians will conduct a more thorough examination of the premier's wound« this afternoon. It was announced. ■•President Poincare, members of the cabinet, foreign diplomats and Marshall Foch, who hurried to the premier's residence, remained In a room near the one in whloh Clem enceau was restlag." SHOT AND SLIGHTLY INJURED BY YOUTHFUL ASSAILANT AS HE ENTERS HIS MOTOR CAR; SEVEN BULLETS MISS TIGER' EIGHTEEN-YEAR-OLD BOY EMPTIES REVOLVER AT THE FRENCH EXECUTIVE AS HE LEAVES HOME; ONE SHOT INFLICTS FLESH WOUND ON INNER SIDE OF RIGHT ARM NEAR SHOULDER; ''IT'S NOTHING," SAYS PREM IER AS HE WALKS BACK TO HOUSE UNASSISTED. Paris, Feb. 19—According to the latest available informa tion (noon) the bullet lodged in Clemenceau's back, near the spine and it was feared the wound was more dangerous than at first announced, especially because of the danger of dia betes developing. An X-ray examination was to be held this afternoon. London, Feb. 19—The French embassy issued a statement today saying that Premier Clemenceau was fired at by two men. It was stated that the physicians did not believe the premier's wound would be serious, particularly because of his great physical powers. Paris, Feb. 19—Georges Clemenceau, premier of France, was shot and slightly wounded by a boy named Cottin, as he entered a motor car in front of his residence this morning. His assailant was arrested. "It's nothing," was "The Tiger's" only comment after he had walked back into the house unassisted. The assailant, who refused to make any statement regarding his motive, is about 18 years old. He is a French civilian and is said to live in Compiegne. , ' As Clemenceau was seating himself In his limousine, Cottin suddenly sprang forward and fired eight shots from a pistol. Six of these hit the front of the car. Two bullets pene trated the glass .door, one striking the premier on the inner side of the right arm near the shoulder, inflicting a flesh wound. ASSAILANT MAULED. A policeman grabbed Cotin. An other man, whose identity Is not yet known, rushed to Cottin's assistance. A crowd quickly gathered and at tacked the two men who were battling with the policeman. Cotin was badly mauled and the policeman was slightly wounded. , Clemenceau, refusing offers of as sistance, walked back into his home. A few'minutes later a telephone call was sent to Colonel House announcing that the premier's wound would pre vent him from keeping an engagement which ht; had at the Crillon hotel this morning with House and Foreign Sec retary Balfour. INFECTION ONLY DANGER. Hubert Clemenceau, the premier's brother and secretary, told the United Press that the wound was not serious at present, and that the only danger would be from possible Infection. The first foreign officials lo call at the premier's residence to Inquire about his condition were.Premier Venizelos, of Greece, and Ambassador De Leon, of Spain. Cotin was later said to be a well known anarchist. Clemenceau was re ported to attach no political signifi cance to the attack. Captain Andre Tardieu, commis sioner of Franco-American relations, said that before the bullet lodged In Clemenceau's shoulder It passed through the fleshy part of his neck but did not sever any arteries. FLASHED TO WILSON. News of the attack on Clemenceau was flashed to President Wilson by wireless. All the American peace delegates expressed keen regret and apprecia tion of the premier's qualities. They called at the residence during the day. All conferences were cancelled. General anxiety was expressed, des pite the statement that the wound was not serious. KING GEORGE GRIEVED. London, Feb. 19—King George today sent the following message to Premier Clemenceau: , "I am shocked to hear of the das tardly attack. I earnestly trust that your Injuries are not serious and that, thanks to your splendid energy and courage, you will soon be restored to health and will continue your great and valued efforts for Franoe and her alllee." Clemenceau, as permanent chairman of the peace congress, Is the blggeat figure In Europe at present. He be came premier November 18, 1917, and despite hla 77 years, has survived sev eral bitter political battles slnoe that Line. by many critics he Is given equal credit with Marshall Foch for the allied victory. He Is popularly known as "the Tiger," and has lived (Continued on Page Two. BOLSHEVIK PRESTIGE HELPED BY RECALL OF ALLIES'TROOPS Though Result of Political Rea sons Lenine Certain to Make Military Capital of Action; France Opposes Plan. By J. W. T. MASON. New Tork, Feb. 19.—Withdrawal of the American and British troops from Archangel and Murmansk will bring , to end expectations of an army being j sent to Russia by direction of the peace conference to subdue the Bolsheviki ' and establish a more conservative gov ernment-at Moscow. The frequent references to Inter vention made by French Foreign Min ister Plchon Indicate that France has , been exercising all the pressure In her power to persuade America and Great , Britain to use Archangel and Mur mansk for bases for a major campaign In Russia. With these two ports abandoned, it will still be possible to strike Into Russia from the Baltic coast, but there would be a large mili tary advantage in holding the two northern entries into Russia If a Bal tic campaign were contemplated. Pe trograd could then be threatened from the north and west simultaneously, and easier progress would resulL PROP FOR LENINS. The retirement of the Americans and British from northern Russia will strengthen the position of Trotsky and Lenine among the Russian people, ac cording to all precedents of the Rus sian situation. Every development which the Bolsheviki could emphasise as advantageous to their newly organ ized armies has Increased the prestige of the Moscow government. The withdrawal of tho Americans and Brit ish Is due to political reasons snd not a military defeat, but Trotsky and Lenine will doubtless not let this fact restrain them from making mili tary capital out of the Incident The added authority, which seems Inevitable that Lenine and Trotsky will now accumulate, suggests that the postponement of the Prince's Islands conferencs will not work vital harm to the Bolsheviki. The renewal of nego tiations for the conference may be fa cilitated by the gtep America and Great Britain have arranged to make. CONCLAVE HOPELESS. With hope of Intervention In Russia now gone and with Bolsheviki leaders doubtless receiving congratulations at home on military succeasaa. It saema hopeless to await a time for a Russian conference from which the Bolshevik element can be eliminated.