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FIRST EVENING CAPITAL NEWS WEATHER TUESDAY Fair tonight and Tuaa day; coldor. vol. xm. BOISE, IDAHO, MONDAY. FEBRUARY 24, 1919 Ho. 41 America Hope of the EWorld, President Declares BREST CAMPS SETTINGS FOR TRIUMPH AND TRAGEDY ALSO Records Were Smashed Daily for Cargo and Troop Dis charge; Hundreds Die From Disease at French Port. 976,146 TROOPS PASSED THROUGH FRENCH GATE Unforgetable Hours When Men Died by the Hundreds From Influenza; Wonder Spirit Shown by U. S. Soldiers. ' By LOWELL. MELLETT. (Copyright 1919, by United Pre«s.) Brest, Feb. 24—While every effort is feeing strained here to get the boys home as fast as possible, it Is not a . race. The reason is that Brest, hav ing outdistanced all other ports in the ! great "race for Berlin," has no serious competitors In the "race for home." È The "race for Berlin" was between rest, Bordeaux, St. Nazalre, Havre, arseillaise, Boulogne and Calais. It igan in November, 1917, and was de signed to show which port organiza tion was the most efficient. Brest accomplished eight weeks theoretical ■work in forwarding troops and ma terial in six weeks and two days. !. RECORDS SMASHED. f When the armistice was signed 976, 146 troops had passed through this port. The first boat arriving in Nov | ember 1917, required 17 days to dls 1 Charge its cargo. On May 24, 1918, 16 boats arrived with 42,162 troops and •11 were discharged within 24 hours. 'On July 15, 32,000 troops were dis charged in 12 hours. The Leviathan on its first trip to Liverpool—the world's greatest harbor—spent 42 days there before Its return to America. On Its second trip to Liverpool it spent JO days. She arrived in Brest on May Î with 8842 troops discharged them, recoaled and departed in 81 hours. The next day a British official arrived In Brest to see If It were possible for the Americans to better Liverpool's rec ord. He found the ship gone. Admiral Clms receiving a message relating t<. the performance, thought there was a mistake and asked for verification. SIMS RUINS HAT. The confirmatory message was re ceived while he was in the office of a British admiral. He kicked his -hat to the ceiling and shouted. On its next trip the Leviathan discharged 10,388 troops in 29 hours and re-coal ed In 49 V4s hours. This is the pleasanter side of Brest's activities during the trying months when there was just one mo tive actuating the American army and the American people—to get the men to the front. These records were achieved with totally inadequate fa cilities, insufficient lighters, tugs, trucks, cars and lumber, and with roads in deplorable shape. In August, the city of Brest suffered •n Influenza epidemic. There were many deaths among the French Inhab itants, but the army's precautions pre vented the disease from spreading to the troops working on the docks and fct Camp Pontanezan. UNFORGETABLE NIGHT. The same was true, when transports began arriving from America bringing victims of influenza and pneumonia. The first of these ships were the Van Bteuben and the Louisville, which reached here September 4. 1918, with • hundred dead and hundreds of sick •board. One unforgetable night was Î hat of October 12, when the Levia han arrived with hundreds ill and many dead. Brigadier General Butler, former colonel of the Thirteenth Ma rines, had just been given command. That night he sent a thousand Ma rine* down to the docks. They carried 100 sick men in their arms four miles to Camp Pontanezan through rain and Baud because there were not enough ptretcherg. The general himself walked With the Marines, carrying the packs of three sick men. Today, he related low he met two Marines in the dark, È eard a sob, turned on his flashlight ad found both weeping as they car ried a limp body. He asked what the trouble was. One replied. "One man died on us." 3TORM RAZES TENT8. î A terrible storm blew down many Itents the night of January 6, this year, «nhouslng 1800 men. General Butler ordered all kitchens fired up and din ner served. Bonfires were started and bands played. A disagreeable inci dent was thus turned dnto a lively midnight picnic, while accommoda tions were being restored. The spirit displayed In these various Situations described is responsible for «fee present efficient organization, Which led Chairman Bchwab a f*w days age to write a personal note of •ommendatlon on conditions in the eamp. Likewise, it has led dozens of feen to volunteer to remain for per manent garrison duty, though they mare scheduled to sail for home. ; POLICE GRAB ARMED MAH WHO ATTEMPTED TO REACH PRESIDENT Boston, Feb. 24—Andrew J. Rogersky, 33, of Worchester, Mass. wee arrested in the Copely Plaza hotel shortly after 2 o'olock today when he attempted to reach Presi dent Wilson's suite. Police and se scret service men found a 32 cali ber revolver and a black jack on Rogersky. H* was taken to police headquarters charged with carry ing weapons. TOTAL 72,951 DEATHS IN A. E. F. 'TIL FEB. 16; 48,768 DIED IN BATTLE Washington, Feb. 24.—Death* in the A. E. F. up to February 16, to talled 72,951, of which 20,829 wore from disease, 48,768 from battle and 3354 from other oauaee, the war de partment announoad today. Up to February 14 in th* United State* there were $34,493 deaths, of which 32,737 were from disease and 1756 from ether cause*. STAB AT PRESIDENT, SEN. LEWIS INSISTS J. Ham Charges Borah, Reed, Etc., Attack Project to Ease Personal Spite ; Denies Mon roe Doctrine Threatened. By L. C. MARTIN ■Washington, Feb. 24.—Opposition to the league of nations "is a personal and political attack on President Wilson, made by men who have nothing to of fer in place of the plan they assail," Senator Lewis, Democratic whip, dt - dared today in a speech to the senate opening the defense of the league plan. In reply to the specific objections raised against the league plan, Lewis said: "It is asserted by the opposition that it violates the principle of the. Monroe doctrine, which guarantees the coun tries of South and Central America from aggression by European countries. It was to prevent this very assumption, that section ten of the charter p edged all of the governments in the league to resist aggression on any state or gov ernment. BASED ON HAGUE "The words of this section ten are taken from the spirit of the resolution passed by The Hague peace conference in 1907, resolving to preserve the Mon roe doctrine in any treaty of or alliance of world nations for world peace." Lewis said that the fear Europe will outvote America Is groundless, since with the II American répudies lined up together the nations of this con tinent could out-vote Europe 1 nine to five on any American policy. Instead of Great Britain and her colonies working against he i'j.lted States, Lewis said the colonies at least would vote with this country on Japan naturalization or kindred subjects and ; England, he asserted, would not oppose jher colonial children. REFUTES ATTACKS ; "The document on Its face refutes 'every attack," said I^wls. I "Now, I protest against our oppo I nents assuming to create the political ! issue by crying 'nationalism' against the object of the league. I oppose their design in trying to convince the Amer ican people that the spirit of democracy was against nationalism of America for internationalism of the world." CLEMENCEAU BELIEVED TO BE OUT OF DANGER; MAY WORK TOMORROW ! Official Bulletin Says Premier Con tinues to Improve, Though H«v j in Restless Night. Paria, Feb. 24.—Premier Clemen ceau, ahot by an assassin Wednes day, was believed to be out of dan ger today. The offioial bulletin issued today said: "Premier Clemenceau it continu ing to improve. He spent a reet leaa night, however, owing to hie enforced inactivity yesterday. Hia temperature it 36.6 oantrigrads (97.88 Fahrenheit).'' It was expected he might be able to carry out hie avowed intention of resuming hia official duties to morrow. A bang of boys appeared on th# Street, yesterday afternoon carry ing a rod flag and shouting "down with Clemenceau." Gendarmas scattered them and asizad the flag. Spectators wars mildly amused. "The premier slept in hit bed last night and probably will présida at th# peso* conference session Thursday," the Echo d* Paris, said today. (Clemenc.au had s been alaaping In an arm ohair.) GOVERNMENT PREPARESTO SUNDER REDS' MUNICH HOLD War Minister Rosshaupter to Attack Soviet Radicals, Who Are Being Strongly Rein forced, Berlin Dispatch Says. CIVIL WAR OF SOVIETS THREATENS IN BAVARIA Rival Elements at Outs Over Administrative Power; Spar tacan Disorders iri Boches' Industrial Districts. Paris, Fab. 24—A soviet repub lic has baan proclaimed in Nurtm burg, th* second city of Bavaria, according to a dispatch recoived by L'Information today. Berne, Feb. 24—Bolshevik dis orders have broken out at Gratz, capital of Styria, (a former prov ince of Austria-Hungary) where severe fighting was going on ac cording to latest advices received today. Students with Bolshevist tendencies were reported to be employing machine gun* against government forces, who had bean reinforced by workman. Heavy casualtiea ware aaid to have re sulted. TO ATTACK REBELS. Paris, February 24—War Minister Rosshaupter is preparing to attack the revolutionists in Munich, who are be ing strongly reinforced, according to a Berlin dispatch to L'Information to day received by way of Zurich. The dispatch also said Interior Minister Auer, who was shot Friday, and Count Arco-Valley, who shot Eisner, are still alive. Latest previous advices reported that the Spartacans had completely overthrown the Bavarian government and Bet up a Soviet republic in Mu nich. Rioting and pillaging was said to be going on Friday and Saturday. Rosshaupter, one of the six ministers shot during Friday's session of the diet, was variously reported to have died from his wounds and to have ben captured by the Spartacans. It was also reported that Auer and Arco-Valley had died from their wounds. The latter, a monarchist and former captain in the Prussian guards, was wounded by a guard after he had shot Eisner. DENIES DISORDERS. Copenhagen, Feb. 24—Disorders, fol lowing the assassination of Premier Eisner and other ministers, Is denied (Continued on Page Two.) FOIL ILLEGED PIOT TB SUY PRESIDENT New York Police Nab 14 Span ish Anarchists, Who, Declare, Planned to Bomb at Wilson. They Hurl New York, Feb. 24.—In the arrest of 14 Spaniards, police today assert they I have frustrated a plot to assassinate 'President Wilson, at Boston. The men I were taken in an up-town club yester day. The place had been under secret ! service surveillance for some time. The prisoners were to be arraigned before United States Commissioner Hitch cock today, charged with publishing and distributing seditious literature. Secret service operators today said evidence had been secured which will be used to prove some of the prisoners had planned to kill the president by throwing a bomb In Boston. Neither bombs nor explosives were found at the place raided. The prisoners did not carry firearms. According to the police who cooperated In the arrests, the only evidence found was issues of a Spanish weekly issued here, membership cards for the I. W. :W., a small machine that they did not j understand and a picture of Karl Lieb knecht. Among the Spaniards were Joseph Grau, editor of the Spanish newspaper El Corsario; Pedro Martin, business manager of the paper, and Florlen Veita, a chemist. Of the men arrested, Elario Cres tlssa arrived in Manhattan yesterday from Philadelphia in company with Florlen Madlni. According to the po lice, two men were to have left for Boston last night to carry out the plot to asaassinate the president WILSON SURE AMERICA AND SENATE WILL SUPPORT HIM Convinced by European Travels That World Looks to U. S. as One Great Power With out Selfish Interests. NO TOUR OF THE COUNTRY TILL LAST PART OF YEAR Work Now Largely Informative as Covenant Only in Prelim inary Form; Ratification When Paris Approves. By ROBERT J. BENDER. Boston, Mass., Feb. 24.—(By Courier From the U. S. S. George Washington, Anchored in President Road.)—Presi dent Wilson, returning to American Bhores today, la confident that con gress and the people will approve par ticipation of the United States In a league of nattons. Failure of America to sanction such a course would, he believes, be a great moral blow to the civilized nations now bending their efforts toward a Just and lasting peace. The president's historic journeys through foraign lands and his work at the peace table have con vinced him that the European na tions look to the United 8tatee as the one great power without self ish interests participating in the conference. For the United States to refuse to join in what he and a majority of the nations regard aa the foundation of a lasting peace would, ha believes, break the heart of the world movement for a new order of things. ONLY PRELIMINARY. Hence, the president returns to make a strong effort at convincing the coun try and congressional members of the vital Importance of the league. As the covenant Is not In Its final form and Is not therefore ready for ratifi cation, the president's work Is therefore now largely Informative. His big fight, If one proves necessary, will come after the Paris conference has finally approved a league plan and the peace treaty Is complete, ready for submis sion to the United States senate for ratification. Then the president will go before the people ,lf necessary, to ask sup port. But that will probably not be before mid-summer or fall. While In Washington, the president will confer not only with members of the senate foreign affairs committee, but many (Continued on Page Two.) PRESIDENT STEPS ON SHIM IT 111 TOM Boston in Gala Dress Waiting to Greet the Distinguished Guest; Warboats Circle Ship Throughout Night. Boston, Feb. 24.—President Wil son landed at Commonwealth pier at 11:53 o'elock this morning. Ranks of troops presented arms as the nation's chief executive ar rived home after his history-mak ing trip to Europe. From the rev enue cutter Ossipee which brought him ashore; from the transport George Washington to the elevator in the pier building, the president walked over a velvet carpet be neath a canopy of flags. As the revenue cutter came up the harbor, with Its escort of naval ves sels, salutes were fired and steamers In the bay greeted the president with a bedlam of tooting whistles and sirens. The president left the George Wash ington and went aboard the cutter ut 11:06 a. m. There was a strong west wind, making the sea choppy. As the president boarded the Ossipee his en sign was broken out at the masthead. PLANE8 SWOOP ABOVE. When the president left the cutter at the pier, he passed through the ranks of a welcoming committee com posed of high naval officials and offi cers of the army, department of the northeast. Three airplanes which had been cir cling about the transport earlier in the morning, maneuvered ovor the pier, when the president tended. There was much oheering as the Oa (Continued on Page Two.) THE PRESIDENT'S SPEECH "Governor Cooltdge, Mr. Mayor, Fellow Citizens: "I wonder if you are half as glad to see me as I am to see you. (Applause.) (A voice, 'You bet.) It warme my heart to see a great body of my fellow citizens again, because in some respects during the recent months I have been very lonely indeed without your comradeship and counsel, and I tried at every step of the work which fell to me to recall what I was sure would bo your counsel with regard to the great matters which were under consideration. "I do not want you to think that I have not been appreciative of the extraordinarily generous re ception which was given to me on the other side, in saying that It makes me very happy to get home again. MEANT FOR AMERICA. "I do not mean to say that I was not very deeply touched by the cries that cams from the great crowds on th* other side. But I want to say to you in all honesty that I felt them to bo a call of greeting to you, rather than to m*. "I did not feel that the greeting was personal. I had In my heart the over crowning pride of being your representative, and of receiv ing the plaudits of men every where who felt that your hearts beat with their in the cause of liberty. There was no mistaking the tone In the voices of those great crowds. It was not a tope of mere greeting, It was not a tone of mere generous welcome; It was the calling of comrade to com rade, the cry that comes from men who say, 'Wo have waited for this day when the friends of liberty should come across the sea and shake hands with us, to see that a new world was constructed upon a new basis and foundation of Jus tice and right.' I can't tell you the Inspiration that came from the sentiments that came out of those simple voices In the crowds. And the proudest thing I have to re port to you Is that this great coun try of ours Is trusted throughout the world. NOT OF CONFERENCE "1 have not come to spoak of the proceedings or the result* of tha peace conference; that would be premature. I can say that I have received very happy impressions from this conference; the impres sion that while there are many dif ferences of judgment, while there are tome divergencies of objects, there it, nevertheless, s common spirit and a common realization of the necessity of setting up new standards of support in th* world. "Because the men who are in conference realize as keenly ns any American can realize that they are not the masters of their people; that they are the servants of their people and that the spirit of their people has awakened to a new pur pose and a new conception of tlioir power to realize that purpose and that no man dare go home from that conference and reort anything less noble than was exected of It. ALL WORLD AFFECTED "The conference seems to you to go slowly; from day to day In Paris It seems to go slowly; but I wonder If you realize the complexity of the task which It has undertaken. It seems as If the settlements of tills war affect, and affect directly, ev ery great, and I think every small nation In the world, and no one decision can be made which is not properly linked in with the great series of other decisions which must accompany It, and It must be reckoned on with the final result. If the real quality and character of that result Is to be properly Judged. ''What we are doing is to hear the whole case; hear It from the mouths of the men most Interest« ed; hear It from these who are of ficially commissioned to slate It; hear the rival claims; hear the claims that affect new nationali ties, that affect new ureas of the world, that affect new commercial and economic connections that have been established by the great world war through which we have gone. And I have been struck by the moderateness of those who have represented nutional claims. "I can testify that I believe I have nowhere seen th* glesip of passion. I have seen earnestness. I have seen tears com* to th* eyes of man who plead for down trodden peoples whom they wore privileged te speak for; but they wire not the tears of anger; they were the tears of ardent hope. U. 8. MOTIVES CLEAN. I don't see how any man can fail to have been subdued by these pleas, subdued to this feeling, that he was not there to assert nn indi vidual Judgment of hie own, but to try to assist the cause of human ity. "And in the midst of It all, every Interest seeks out first of all, when It reaches Paris, the repre sentatives of the United States. "Why? Because— and I think I am stating tha most wonderful fact in history—beoauoo there It no nation in Europa that suapeots tha motive* of th* United States. "Was thsr# over so wonderful a thing seen before? Ws* there ever to moving a thing? Waa there ever any foot that baund tha nation that had won that eo ( Continued on Pag* Two. DOWNTRODDEN NAUONS LOOK TO 0. S. AS HOPE FOR FUTURE; CONVMCED LEAGUE COVENANT TO (ÏT COUNTRY'S APPROVAL COMES BACK TO REPORT PROGRESS, HE SAYS, AND DOES NOT BELIEVE PROGRESS WILL STOP SHORT OF GOAL; MUST MAKE MEN EVERYWHERE FREE AS BE COMES NATION FOUNDED ON LIBERTY; TREMEND OUS OVATION GIVEN PRESIDENT BY PACKED HALL Mechanics Hall, Boston, Mass., Feb. 24.—President Wil son today accepted the challenge of those who oppose Amer ica's entrance into a league of nations. "And," he declared, "I have no more doubt of the verdict of America in this matter than I have doubt of the blood that "I have come back to report progress," he said. "And I do not believe that the progress is going to stop short of the goal." His speech, the first answer to opponents of the league in the senate, was planned to lay the background for American support of his program. Its preparation followed a long con ference on the George Washington last night and today with Secretary Tumulty. Pending his audience with congressional leaders, the president is not attempting to go into details of the league—merely showing why he regards it necessary, and what he believes will be its ultimate effect. The president was cheered when he said: "The confidence we have established throughout the world imposes a burden upon us. Any man who opposes the tide will find himself thrown upon barren ground. "If America was now to fail the world, what would be come of it? America is the hope of the world and if she does not justify that hope the results will be unthinkable. "Suppose Ave sign the treaty of , peace," he said "and do no more, we will have nothing but a modern scrap of paper. "No assurances would be given to a downtrodden people that they would be safe. "We set this nation up to make men free and now we will make men free.'' READY TO FIGHT FOR IT. The president said he was ready to fight for this. The president finished his speech at 3:42. The old building was crowded to the top gallery before the president ar rived. A band of soldiers played while the audience waited Wilson's coming. At the head of each aisle stood an army officer, a naval offi cer and a Red Cross nurse silent and solemn and most of the music was of a subdued nature so there was atmo sphere of gravity rather than of pat riotic excitement. Mechanics hall was surrounded by troops nnd credentials of all those entering were carefully watched by half a dozen guards. Au tomobiles were turned back a block from the building. Pictures of Lincoln, Washington, Roosevelt and Wilson were hung over the platform. The president's place was beneath a sounding board. Red, white and blue predominated In the decorations. BOSTON MAYOR SPEEKS. Before the president started talking. Mayor Peters made a brief speech of welcome. A salute was fired as Wilson en tered the hall at 2:40. He was given a deafening ovation, the president ris ing from his seat to bow a response. John McCormick sang the "Star Spangled Banner" the president ap plauding vigorously. "It warms my heart," the president •old in opening, "to see my fellow citizens again. Because I have at times felt very lonely In recent weeks with out your counsel. "The extraordinarily generous recep tion given me on the other side seemed to be a call of greeting to you rather than to me. I had the crowning pride of being your representative. "Men everywhere felt that your hearts beat with theirs In the cause of liberty." The plaudits of the European crowds, (Continued From Page One.) LLOYD GEORGE TACKLES BRITISH LABOR BUGABOO London, Feb. 24.—Premier Lloyd George was to open a week crowded with possibilities In the labor situation by introducing In parliament today a bill creating a commission to investi gate the miners' demnnds, particularly nationalization of the miges. It was expected he would discuBS the question in detail. Simultaneously, miners' «jxecutives and labor party leader« were to confer on tha proposed bill. * . AT (Capital News Special Service.) Washington, Feb. 24—Some days ago Representative Smith of Idaho made a protest to the secretary- of war against the demobilization of Idaho boys arriving from France at Camp Lewis, Wash., instead of some inter mediate point between New York and Idaho, because of the discomfort to the boys and the expense involved. He has received the following letter from the assistant chief of staff indi cating that Idaho troops from overseas will be demobilized at Fort Russell, Wyoming: "I am directed by the secretary of war to asknowledge receipt of your communication of Feb. 4. regarding the discharge at Camp Lewis, Wash., men belonging in Idaho, and to ad vise you that while your letter con veyed no information as to the or ganization to which these men be longed, it is assumed that they per tained to a unit recently returned from France which was formed and mobilized at Camp Lewis of men from the extreme northwest, and was as signed to Camp 'Lewis because it has been reported from France that this was the place where this organization belonged. "The war department Is in entire agreement with your statement that men from Idaho should have been dis charged at a point between the place, of entry Into the service and the port at which they arrived from France. "An effort is made to place men for discharge In the camp, nearest their home In order that they may be In duced to return thereto anti take their former places In the community from which they came, even though some slight back travel is necessary. Under existing instructions, all the men ar riving from overseas are segregated at the port and sent to such camp as will place them nearest their home, with practically no back travel, for discharge. . In one regiment this sys tem has resulted in the saving of $29, 000 in rail; oad transportation. "Fort D. A. Russell, Wyo., wHl short ly be In readiness to take care of men from Idaho who arrive from oversea*. In the meantime they are being dis charged at Fort Logan, Colorado, where space is available, or at Camp Funston, Kansas, and occasionally at Camp Dodge, Iowa."