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AMERICA THE HOPE OF ALLTHE WORLD Downtrodden Nations Look to U. S. for Peaceful Future; Convinced League Covenant ' Will Win Country's Approval. (Continued on Page Two. lie said, were calls to American for union across the seas In a peace of Justice and right. AMERICA TRUSTED. "The produest thing I have to report to you," he continued, "is that our great country is trusted throughout f .he world. He said he was not prepared to re port details of the conferences on a peace not yet completed. There Is com mon agreement, he said, thta a new or der must be set up in the world. "The settlement of this war affects •very great nation and sometimes I think every small nation In the world. Ko oiy decision can be made without It being reckoned in with others." The president spoke of the appeals of down-trodden nations, that America first of all seems to be appealed to by these. "There is no nation in Europe that •uspects the motives of the United mon 'agrément, he said, that a new or "While nations believe that men now have come into a different view, they do not seem 10 resort, to each other, but to the nation which has come to be known as the friend of mankind." moi'ssra (Continued from Pope One.) teem forever to deeervo it? "I would not have you understand that the great men who represent the other nations there in conference, are disesteemed by those who know them. Quite the contrary. But you under stand the countries of Europe have again and again clashed with an other in competitive interests, it is impossible for men to forget the sharp Issues that were drawn between them In times past. It is impossible for men to believe that all ambitions have all of a sudden been foregone. BREACH NEVER HEALED. "They remember territory that was coveted; they remember rights that it was attempted to extort; they remem ber political ambitions which it was attempted to realize—and while they believe that men have come into a dif ferent temper, they can not forget these things and so they do not re sort to one another for a dlspassloftate view of the matters in controversy. They resort to that nation which has won the enviable distinction of being regarded as the friend of mankind. "Whenever it is desired to send a small force of soldiers to occupy a piece of territory where it thought no body else will be welcome, they ask for American soldiers. And where other soldiers would be looked upon with suspicion and perhaps met with resistance, the American soldiers are welcomed with acclaim. "I have had so many grounds for pride on the other side of the water that I am very thankful that they are not grounds for personal pride, but for national pride. If they were grounds for personal pride, I'd be the most stuck-up man in the world. And it has been an infinite pleas ure to me té see those gailant sol diers of ours, of whom the consti tution of the United mode me the proud commander. You may be proud of the 26th division, but I commanded the 26th division (laughter and applause) and see what they did under my direction. PRAISE EVERYWHERE. "And everybody praises the American soldier with the feeling Ihat In praising him he is subtract ing from the credit of no one else. "I have been searching for the fundamental facts that converted ■ Europe to believe In us. Before this war Europe did not believe in us as she does now. She did not believe in us throughout the first three years of the war. She seems really to have believed that we were holding off because we thought we could make more by staying out than by going In. And all of a sudden, in short 18 months, the whole story Is revers ed. There can be but one explana tion for It. They saw what wo did that without making a single claim we put all our men and all our means at the disposal of those who were fighting for their homes, In the first Instance, but for a cause of human right and Justice and that we went in, not to sup port their national claims, but to support the great cause which they held In common. "And when they saw that Amer ica not only held ideala but acted ideals, the, were converted to Am erica and became firm partisans of those Ideals. DELIGHTFUL REVENGE "I met a group of scholar, when I waa In Paris. Borne gentlemen from one of the. Greek universities who had come to see me, and In whose presence, or rather tn the presence of whose traditions of learning, I felt very young Indeed. And I told them that I had had one of the delightful revenges that sometime« come to a man. All my life I have heard men speak with a sort of condescension of idealists and particularly of those separate, aacloistered persons whom thsy choose to term academic, who were In the habit of uttsring ideals In the free atmosphere whan they ROUGH SAILING AHEAD FOR WORLD LEAGUE IN UNITED STATES SENATE m ax ms me if:' :■> <£> Gur**Ot**tr Left to right, above: Senators Lodge, Borah and Rood. Below: Senators Willlsmo snd Hitchcock. Washington, Feb. 24.—The original draft of the constitution of the league of nations, which President Wilson brought with him from Paris, will not enjoy the mnoothest sailing when It reaches the United States sonnte. The sentiment expressed by Senator Borah, Republican, of Idaho, lias been echoed bf a number of his colleagues. Said the western senator: "I will not support any league of nations plan even if Christ himself clash with nobody In particular. "And I have said I have this sweet revenge. Speaking with per fect frankness in the name of the United States, I have uttered as the objects of this great war, ideals and nothing but Ideals and war has been won by that inspiration. "Men were fighting with tense muscle and lowered head until they came to realize thooe thing«, feel ing they were fighting /or their lives and their country, Jmd when these accounte of what it was all about reached them, from America, they lifted their head«, they raiead their eyes to heaven. SPIRIT OF CRUSADERS "Then they saw men in khaki coming across the sea in the spirit of Crusaders and they found that these were strange men, reckless of danger, but only reckless be cause they seemed to see some thing that made danrjar worth while. Men have testified to me in Europe that men were possessed by something they could only eail religious fervor. They were not like any of the other soldiers. They had a vision, thsy had a dream and they ware fighting in the dream and fighting in the dream thsy turned the whole tide of battle and it never cams back. "And now do you realize .this confidence we have established throughout the world Imposes a burden upon us? If you choose to call It a burden. It Is one of those burdens which any nation ought to be proud to carry. Any -man who resists the present tides that run In the world will find him self thrown upon a shore so high and barren that It will seem as If he had been separated from hla humankind forever. "I invite him to test the senti ments of the nation. We set this nation up to make men free ,and we did not confine our conception and purpose to America, and now we will make men free. If we did not do that, all the fame of Amer ica would be gone and all her power only for those narrow, self-, Ish, provincial purposes which seem so dear to some minds that have po sweep beyond the nearest horizon. NO SWEETER CHALLENGE. "I should welcome no sweeter challenge' than that. I have fight ing blood In me And it Is some times a Relight to |let It have scope; bi$ If it Is a challenge on this occasion It will be an Indul gence. Think of the picture, think of the utter blackneea that would fall In the world America has failed; America made a little essay at generosity, then withdrew. America said, 'we are your friend,* but It was only for today, not for "Great && Moneys Warth' Ma say*- and aha ought ■I» know — ßoöuU^ PostToastiB (nets, or coom I. cookinA tivn tima and troubla should endorse It." Among the other senators who have strongly condemned the proposed world league are Reed, Democrat, of Mis souri; Poindexter, Republican, of Washington, and Knox, Republican, of Ponnsylfanla. Senator Wadsworth, Re publican, of New York, opposes the league on the ground that "it Is a po tential surrender of sovereignty" and through fear that it would wreck the Monroe doctrine. tomorrow. America said, "here Is our power to indicate right,' end then the next day said, 'let right take care of Itself ,and we will take care of ourselves.' America said, 'we set up a light to lead men along the paths of liberty, but we have lowered It, it Is Intended only to light our own path.' We set up a great ideal of liberty and then we said, 'liberty Is a thing that you must win for yourself. Do not call upon us.' And think of the world that we would leave. Do you realize how many nations are going to be set up in the presence of old and powerful nations in Europe and left there, If left by us, without a disinterested friend? CONCERNING POLAND. "Do you believe in the Polish cause as I do? Are you going to set up Poland, immature, inexperi enced, as yet unorgghlzed, and leave her with a circle around her? Do you believe In the aspi rations of the Czecho-Slovàks and the Jugo-Slavs, as I do? Do you know how many powers would be quick to pounce upon them If there were not the guarantee«' of the world behind their liberty? 'Have you thought of the suf ferings of Armenia? You poured out your money to help succor the Armenians after they suffered; now set up your strength so that they shall never suffer again. "The arrangement of the pres ent peace can not stand a genera tion unless they are guaranteed by the united forces of the civil ized world. And If we do not guarantee them can you not see the picture? Your hearts have in structed where the burden of this war fell. It did not fall upon the national treasures. It did not /all upon the instruments of adminis tration, It did not fall upon the re sources of the nations. It fell up on the voiceless homes every where, where women were tolling In hope that their men would come back. When I think of the homes upon which dull despair would settle If this great hope la disappointed, I should wish, for my part, never to have had America play any part whatever In this at tempt to emancipate the world. But la there any question In this matter? I have no more doubt of the verdict than I have doubt of the blood that Is In me. FULL OF HOPE. "The Europe that I left . the other day waa full of something it had never felt Ite heart eo full be fore. It waa full of hope. "The Europe of the second year of the war, the Europe of tha third year of tha war, waa sinking to a sort c,f stubborn desperation. They did not see any great thing to be aehleved «van when the war should bo won. They hoped there would be seme ealvage; they hoped that they could elear their territories of Invading armlas; they hoped they - could eat up their homes and start their Industries afresh. But they thought It would simply be a re sumption of the old Ufe that Eu ropa had led—lad In fear, led in anxiety, led In constant aueplolou# watchfulness, Thsy never dream ed that It would bo a Europe of settled pesos and of Justified hope. "And now those Ideals have wrought thlo now magic; that all the peoples of Europa are buoyed up and confidant to the spirit of Dodge of Massachusetts, ranking Re publican member of the foreign rela tions committee, is believed to oppose the league, although ho has remained silent since the publication of the pro posed league's proposed constitution. Among the senators who are working actively in behalf of the league are Hitchcock of Nebraska, chairman of the foreign relations committee; Lewis of Illinois and Williams of Mississippi, all Democrats. hope, because they believe that we are at the eve of a new age in the world when nations will under stand one another, when nation* will support one another in every Just cause, when nations will unite every moral and every physical strength to see that the right shall prevail. "And so, m.v fellow citizens, I have come back to report progress and I do not believe that the prog ress Is going to stop short cf the goal. The nations of the world have set their hearts now to Jo a great thing npd they are not going to slacken their purpose. And when I speak of the nations of the world, I do not speak oo the government* of the world. I speak of the peoples who constitute the nations of the world. They are In the saddle and they are going to see to it that 1f present governsents do not do their will, some other government sh« 11, and the secret is out and the pres ent governments know it. "There is a great deal-of -tarmony to be got out of common knowl edge. There is a great deal of sym pathy to be gotten out of living in the same atmosphere, and except for the dldnerenccs of language, whjch puzzled my American ear very sadly, I eould have believed I was at home In France, or In Italy, or In England, when I was on the streets, when I was in the presence of the crowds, when I was in great halls where men were gathered to gether, Irrespective of class. I do not feel quite as much at home there as I do at home, but I feel now, that at any rate after this storm of the war had cleared the air, men wer seeing eye to eye, everywhere and that these were the kind of folks who understood what the kind cf folks at home were like that they were thinking the same thing. MANNERS FAMILIAR "I feel about cou as I am remind ed of a etory of that excellent wit and good artist. Oliver Herford, who one day. sitting at luncheon at hls club, was slapped vigorously on ths bask by a man whom be did not know very well. He said, 'Oliver, old boy, how are you?" Ho looked at him rather coldly. He said, T don't know your name, I don't know your face, but your manners are vary familiar.' And I must say that your manners ara very famil iar and let ms add, very delightful. "If America were at this Juncture to fall tha world, what would cams of lt% I do not mean any disre spect to any other great people when I say that America Is the hope of the World and If she does not Justify that hope, the results are unthinkable. Men will be thrown back upon the bitterness of disappointment; lot only tha bit terness of despair. All nations will be set up as hostile camps again; ths men at ths peace conference will go homo with their heads upc .i their breasts, knowing that they have failed—for they ware hidden not to oome homo from there until they did something more than «ign a treaty of peace, MODERN SCRAP OF FAPER "Suppose we sign the' treaty of panes and that it la the most sat isfactory treaty of peace that the confusing elements of ths modern world will afford and go horns and think adout our I ab oral ws will know that wo have loft written BcUiANS Hot water Sure Relief mm (Continued from Page One.) members, according to hls present plan. PLANS RETURN MARCH 5. Barring a change In program, he will leave for France again March 6 or 6. However, the situation aa regards ap propriation bills, the possibility of calling an extra session and the con dition of Premier Clemenceau (whose death might result in a change of the French government and resultant de lay In the peace negotiations), all en ter Into the lnconcluslveness of his plans today. The president's return finds what he regards as the biggest part of hls Job abroad- completed—formulation of a league covenant. Good progress has been reporte* to him by wireless from Paris on all of the conference prob lems being worked out by committees tn his absente. The greatest work outside formula tion of the league Is held by the presi dent to be a solution of the Russian problem, whlkh, according to last re ports, was stll much confused. RED TERROR UNCURBED. Bn route to ths United States on the George Washington, Ambassador Francis, who |i returning to Washing ton to hold conferences with the house and senae foreign relations committee, said of the Russian situation, with which he has been dealing for three years: "A reign of terror. Instituted by the Bolsheviks In order to maintain them selves In power, was prevailing In great Russia—in central and northern Russia—according to last accounts. The outrages committed by the Bol sheviks are Incredible. I think It Is impossible to restore peace In Europe with chaos prevailing In Russia. In fact, with Germany comparatively un injured Industrially and with her army receiving ovations on Its return to Berlin, I am persuaded that If a peace is negotiated with disorder or Boishe vlk rule In Russia, that Germany with her familiarity with the Russian char' acter, which she has been studying and attempting to control for a gen eration or two. will utilize the Im measurable resources of that great country, nnd In 20 years, or perhaps a decade, will be stronger than at the beginning of the war Just ended. (Continued From Page One.) by the other committee of eleven, ac cording to dispatches received from Munich todny. The committee, which has set up a soviet government, has announced its determination to resist any interfer ence by the Ebert-Scheldemann gov ernment. REFUSES RECOGNITION. Berlin, Feb. 23.—The German gov ernment announced Its determination today to refuse recognition to the new ly organized Soviet republic tn Munich. Military action was expected to be de ferred, however, until the Bavarians themselves are given an opportunity to overthrow the radicals. Spartacan disorders were continuing in the industrial districts of Germany. At Mannheim prisons were opened and the city was being patrolled by armed cars, manned by radicals. The 1 Spar ta ca n s demanded establishment of a Soviet government. Authorities of Ba den proclaimed a state of siege. Strik ers In the Dusseldorff region, Muel heim and Oberhausen decided not to accept the decision of the Essen labor ers to return to work. upon the historic table at Versailles upon which- Vergennes and Benja min Franklin wrote their names, nothing but a modern scrap of 'ta per; no nations united to d-fond It; no great forces combined to make It good: no assurance g Ivm to the down-trodden snd fearful people of the world that they shall he aits. Any man who thinks that America will take purt In giving the vjrid any such rebuff and disappoint ment as that does not know Amer ica. "It Is a great comfort, for one thing, to realize that you all un derstand the language I am speak ing. A friend of mine said that to talk through an Interpret« r was like witnessing the compound frac ture of an idea. But the beauty of It ts that whatever the empedi ments of the channel of communi cation, the Idea Is the same, that It gets rsglstered, and it gets reg istered In responsive hearts end reeeptlve purposes. "I have come back for a strenu ous attempt to transact business for a little while tn America, but I have really come back to say to you, In all soberness and honesty, that I have been trying my best to speak your thoughts, "When I sample myself I think that I am typioal American and I am capable enough and get down to what probably Is the trua stuff of men then I have hope that It le part of the stuff that Is Ilka tha other fellows at-home, "And therefore, probing daop In my heart and trying to eee the things that are right without ro gard to the things that may bo re bated as expedient, i feel that 1 am Interpreting the purpose and the thought of America dad In lov ing America, I find I have Joined the great majority of m y fellow mon throughout the world." THE squaw MAN A SPLENDID PHOTOPLAY PRODUCTION OF EDWIN MILTON HOYLE'S GREAT EPIC OF THE WEST TREMENDOUSLY POWERFUL ALL STAR CAST; ELLIOTT DEXTER, ANN LITTLE, THEODORE ROB ERTS, JACK HOLT, TULLY MARSHALL, HERBERT STANDING. MAJESTIC—Today-Tuesday WM. DESMOND "LIFE'S A FUNNY PROPOSITION" DESMOND, THE INIMITABLE SCREEN ARTIST. IN A ROLE WHICH IE NEW, HILARIOU8LY HAPPY AND JOYOUSLY REFRESHING. COMEDY AND SCENIC IN ADDITION STRAND—Today Only PRESIDENT STEPS ON (Continued From Page Six.) sipee approached the wharf and Brési lien t Wilson waa seen standing on the bridge of the cutter. The Oeslpee was alongside the pier at 11:45, but there was considerable delay In getting the gangplank in read iness. OFF SHORE OVERNIGHT. Boston, Feb. 22—The U. 8. S. George Washington with President Wilson on hoard was lying at anchor in President roads, Boston harbor, today. Escorted by six destroyers, which met her at sea, the president's ship arrived off Deer Island at the harbor entrance at 5 o'clock last night. As soon as the transport dropped anchor naval craft began circling about It keeping a constant vigil throughout the night. The day for President Wilson's wel come dawned clear with a strong south wind. PracHcaliy all signs of rain had disappeared. Preparations for bringing the exe cutive party ashore were under way early and It was practically certain he would leave the ship at 11 o'clock coming to Commonwealth pter on the revenue cutter Osslpee. IN GALA ATTIRE. The only persons on board the Osslpee to welcome the president were to be Governor Cooildge, Mayor Pet ers, Major General Clarence Kdwards and Rear Admiral Spencer S. Wood. Every ship In the harbor, naval and merchant, was a mass of colors tn honor of the president's arrival. Secretary Tumulty went aboard the George Washington last night, going down the bay on a submarine chaser. It was believed likely that Tumulty had taken with him the six-billion dollar revenue bill for the president to sign. The streets along which the presidential procession was to pass were roped to hold back the crowds. Extraordinary precautions were taken to guard the president. The Hotel Copley Plaza wae patrolled with many secret service men. Mechanics hall, where the speech was to be made, was surrounded by officers early In the day. Men with rifles were stationed on roofs of buildings. TROOPS ON GUARD. Persons without credentials were not even permitted to cross the streets through which the president's automo bile was to proceed. Troops sent In v T ? *£ y . th,t »he Plays as well as a man would he to flatter all the men In the world.—Walter Anthony, _ MAUD POWELL ONE NIQHT ONLY Pinney Theater BOISE TiUBSDÂY EVEWNB, MR. 6 "The arm ef a man; the head of an arilet; the heart of a woman." Under the Btara and Stripaa no vio linist has attained as high a goal as Maud Powell. . PRICES . Dower Floor, first II rows ............S1.M Dower Floor, last 6 rows ................... i|8 Balcony, first 8 rows ...................... fu Next 4 rows...............................' jB Gallery (not reserved) ..................... je All'priois Plue 10 '^er frerit War Tax MAR. ORDERS NOW IN and OUT of town mall orders received and filled In order ef receipt, if acoompanled by oheek or money order made payable to W A Mendenhall, Manager. Encloee self addressed, stamped envelope to Ineure aafe return of same from the forts were supplied with regulation cartridges —do blanks. Nine hundred men were stationed on the line of march. After the streets had been roped off a police automobile went slowlv over every foot of tha way to be traversed by the president. A guard was placed In the subway at a point where the parade was to pass pver It. Those opening stores or window space to spectators were warned to aoruttnlze carefully ail persons admitted to such places of wantage. Dong before time fo<- the president to land the sidewalks were thronged with spectators., Boston hotels were unable to accomodate the crowds that arrived from all parts of New Em land. M1L1TANT8 ON DECK. Miss Alice Paul, leader of ths Na tional Woman's party, militants, was on the ground, ready to engineer a "votes for women" demonstration. This was scheduled to take the form of confronting the president with plac ard* demanding votes, with possibly n bonfire on Boston common. The Boston central labor union and several other organizations were ask ing audiences with the president but It was doubtful if he would have time to see any of them. Representatives of the Dawrence strikers were in the city, with a petition against police methods during the strike. Their or iginal plan to make a demonstration to attract the president's attention had been abandoned, it was asserted. More than 80 automobiles were pro vtded for the executive party, recep tion committee and newspaper men. The first car was for President Wil son, Mrs. Wilson, the governor and the mayor. General Edwards, Admiral Wood and other army and navy offi cers were assigned to the second car, while the third and fourth In line were for Ambassador Francis, Rear Admiral Grayson, Secretary Roose velt and Congressmen Helvering, Nor ton and White, who came over on the George Washington. AT CAPITAL AT 3. According to arrangements, the president was to proceed to the hotel from Commonwealth pier, lunch theru, then go to Mechanics hall for the speech. He was expected to begin speaking about 2:30 p. m. The presi dential special train was to leava for Washington at 4:80 p. m.. traveling on the following schedule: New York 10 p. m. (125th street sta tion) West Philadelphia, 11:59, Baltl more, 2 a. m„ Washington, 3 a. m.