Newspaper Page Text
ALL THE NEWS
FIRST EVENING CAPITAL NEWS WEATHER WEDNESDAY Snow tonight and Wednesday; Warmir. VOL. XLH. BOISE, IDAHO, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1919 No. 42 PUN REVISION OF NAVAL UW TO MAKE WAR VmUALLYML Drastic Bans Proposed at Peace Parley Concerning the Free doom of Seas and Trade in War Materials. FIXED CONTRABAND LIST NOT SUBJECT TO CHANGE Each Nation Would Be Held Re sponsible for Any Unneutral Act by Citizens; Blockade Running to Be Barred. Paris, Feb. 25.—Premier Clem* enceau, wounded by an assassin late Wednesday, has so far im proved that no bulletins will be issued on his condition after to day, it was officially announced. By FRED S. FERGUSON. (Copyright 1919, by United Press) Paris, Feb. 25.—Revolutionary Changes In international naval laws which, fitting in with the rules of the league of nations, would make war virtually impossible, are now under discussion. Regulations under which munitions are shipped from neutrals to warring countries would be com pletely overturned. Under their opér ât ion, "freedom of the seas" would not be theoretical, but /eal. The United Press is able to state that the principal points favored by the peace delegates, regarding muni tion shipments in the future, are: NATION RESPONSIBLE. Firtt—Each nation shall be held responsible for any unneutral act by Ks citizens. Second—All contraband must bs •stablished at the outbreak of the war and lists cannot be changed during the period of hostilities. Third—As carrying contraband naturally is forbidden, the flag of • non-warring nation flying over a ship would be a guarantee that she was not carrying munitions or Other prohibited materials. Fourth—If a ship arouses sus picion and is stopped within a re stricted area, search shall be lim ited to investigation of her papers to determine her nationality. Fifth—If a ship of a non-war ring power is discovered carrying contraband, that nation shall be subject to punishment by the league of nations, economically or otherwise as the executive council recommends. ON OWN RESOURCES. It is obvious that under such rules no nation will be able to carry on a war beyond the limit of her own pro duction of munitions. The practice of buying munitions from a non-warring power by payment of enormous prices und obtaining shipment through pay ment of high freight rates with ship pers taking the risk—as heretofore done—would be eliminated by point one and the nation from which a ship was sailing would be certain that she carried no contraband. There would be no neutral power in the strict sense, after establishing th* league of nations, but assuming that despite the rigidness of the league laws some powers would start to en gage in a war, these new regulations would act as a further deterrent. If either belligerent violated the iules governing its movements at sea It would bring upon it the judgment < f the league while violation by a non bell »gerent would render the latter an accomplice in war. FIND JEWELS' OWNER New York Woman Claims $20, 000 Diamond Rope; Col lapsed When String Lost. San Francisco, Cal., Feb. 25.—The string of 72 matched diamonds, valued at J20,000, still rests in the vault at police headquarters, but Its owner Is now definitely known as Mrs. Jose phine McAllister of New York. She promised to call again today and reclaim her Jewels, which were stolen from her Friday night In the Palm room of the St. Francis hotel. She void the police late yesterday that the loss of the Jewels worried her ■o that she collapsed ut the home of a friend .and so did not reappear, al though the diamonds were recovered Saturday morning. Mr*. McAllister gave her permanent address as Hotel Plaza, New York. GEN. LU0END0RFF RETURNS TO GERMANY—BY REQUEST London, Feb. 25.—General Luden dorff, former quartermaster general of the German army, left Sweden for Germany on Sunday night, according to advices received here today. The Swedish foreign office is said to have refused his request for extension of Ml permit to stay In that country. JAFVAPERS IMPRESSED WITH LEAGUE COVENANT; FAVOR RACIAL EQUALITY Agreed Project Oust. Militariem and Appear Satisfied With Dispoeal • of German Islands. Tokio, Feb. 19.—(Delayed.)—Jap anese newspaper«, commenting on the covenant of the league of na tions, which has Just appeared In complete text here, agreed for the most part today that it sounds the death knell of militarism. The newspapers appear to be satisfied with regard to the ar rangement for the German islands in the South Seas. In one respect they regret that 111 the covenant there is no declaration of the equality of the races and nothing to abolish discriminatory laws. The above dispatch from Tokio was greatly delayed, probably be cause of the brook in all connec tions with the orient IT Wires Projects' Sponsors in New York of Assurance That America Will Rally to Sup port of Proposition. By ROBERT J. BENDER. Washington, Feb. 25.—President Wilson today stated he was "confident that the people of the country will rally with practical unanimity to tho support of the league of nations." The president expressed this belief In a telegram to Theodore E. Burton, piesident of the Dengue of Nations un ion, New York city. The telegram read: "Your message was greatly appreciated. Am myself confident that the people of the coun try will rally with practical unanim ity to the support of the league of na tions plan In which the whole world Jg looking to them to be the leaders." WILSON'S FIRST ACT. Dispatch of this message was prac tically the president's first act upon returning to his office. It was In re ply to a message from Burton pledging support of the league. The president desires to leave for France again on March 5, Secretary Tumulty stated, and Is making plans to clean up all executive business by that time. Burton's telegram follows: "League of Nations union, merging world league and New York peace society, welcomes you as recognized leader of world of nations movement and pledges co-operation in rallying public opinion and in securing united action in support of the league." Other telegrams pledging support and expressing the belief that the country wtll approve the league of na tions plan poured into the White House. Some particularly praised the president s speech at Boston yester day. TO TRUDGE WITH YANKS. The president was at his desk short ly nfter 10 o'clock this morning. No appointments other than the Cabinet meeting for this afternoon had been arranged. It was announced that thb president will march In and not simply review the parade for returned fight ers Thursday. No definite date has been set, Sec retary Tumulty said, for the presi dent's conference with governors on the unemployment situation, but the president Is anxious that this be ar ranged. However, It may bo post poned because of the fact that many governors are now closing up the work of state legislatures. PRESIDENTIAL STEAMER UNLOADS TROOP CARGO New York, Feb. 25.—The liner George Washington, from which President Wilson landed In Boston, arrived here today with 2337 officers and soldiers. The organizations aboard Include t le 146th machine gun battalion complete, 16 officers, 246 enlisted men; fifth en gineers and engineers train, complete, 47 officers and 1606 men; one casual company of New York men, pres den - tlal and peace commission guard com pany and the district of Paris casual company. Other troon ships due trday are the Caserta with 1607 men; Turrlalba, 96 casual officers; Carrillo, 69 men; He redia, 91 men; and the battleship New Mexico, with a number of casual of ficers. VnLSON SPŒCK TO SUM SENKTE DEBITE By ROBERT L. C. MARTIN. Washington. Feb. 25.—President Wilsons speech at Boston Is to be made part of the senate debate on the league of nations today. It will be put Into the congressional record by some administration senator. Althbugh no formal league speeches have been announced, the air is so full of argument on the OVERSEA YANKS WU RETURN M ORDER OF THEIR STAYMFRANCE Pershing Announces New Gen eral Order That Provides Transportation for Men as Per Arrival in France. EXCEPTIONS ARE MADE FOR THE REGULAR UNITS Allotment of German Ships to Swell Troop Tonnage to 212,000 in March, 248,000 April, 270,000 June. Purls, Feb. 25.—American soldiers will return home In the order of ar rival of their respective division head quarters In France, General Pershing announced In general orders made public. Divisions bearing regular army designations will bo excluded, however. The only other exceptions will be made when availability of transportation or the military situa tion renders it necessary. Unasslgned combat troops, together with supply and labor units, will be returned In the order of their service so far as they can be spared. INCREASED SHIPPING. The orders estimate that shipping including German craft, will be avail able as follows: March, 212,000 tons. May, 248,000 tons. June, 270,000 tons. Based on tho provisions of the gen eral orders and taking Into considera tion the Importance of their present assignment, divisions would return as follows: March, 27th, 30th, 85th, 37th and 91st divisions. April, 26th, 77th, 82nd, 86th and 42nd divisions. REGULARS TO STAY. May. 32nd, 28th, 33rd, 80th and 78th divisions'. June, 89th, 90th, 29th and 79th di visions. By exception of the so-called regu lar army divisions the orders would indicate that those units will be main tained as tho army of occupation as long as necessary. Unsolved Problems Necessitate Continued Legislation, They Claim; Railroad and Army Provisions Must Be Finished. Washington, Feb. 25.—Senator Martin, Democratic leader, today asked President Wilson to call an extra session of congress March 15. Martin disclosed this fact at a hearing on ths $750,000,000 rail road appropriation bill. Washington. Feb. 25.—Democratic leaders in the house want President Wilson to call an extra session of con gress within 30 days after the end of the present session, March 4. The present situation, In reference to the shipping program and necessity for outlining a permanent merchant ma rine policy, will be one of the first ar guments. Another will be the necessity for per manent railroad legislation. Impossi bility of passing adequate army legis lation in the week remaining of this session will be one more reason ad vanced for an early call of both houses. It will be pointed out to the president that this country will be left with only a handful of men after the proclama tion of peace unless new laws are passed. The appropriations committee of the house has found It Impossible' to ap propriate for several special "emer gency branches" of the government be cause they are not permanently author ized by statute. Some of these branch es, house leuders believed, should be construed for a year or more. _ pubject that debate may break out at any time. Those demanding radical amendment of the league consti tution were not directly impressed today with Wilson's Boston speech. They are to make some speeches themselves. Senator Borah plans to deliver more than 30 after congress adjourns, begin ning at Boston, March 8. He will follow this with a New York speech the same week and then will go to the Pacific coa*L TELLS NOTHING, SAYS NEW YORK PAPERS OF PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS Completely Vacuous, the Sun Declare«; U. 8. People Being Intoxioated With Rhatoric. , New York, Feb. 26.—The Even ing World, discussing President Wilson's Boston speech editorially, said today: "With the first words to the coun try on his return he waved away the bogie Europe that senatorial eloquence had conjured yp In the shupe of despots darkly r plotting to trap the United States in a for eign-made league of nations." The Evening Sun said: "The great outstanding fact about the speech Is that It tells nothing, precisely nothing. It Is completely and It would seem'In tentionally vacuous. The entire plan and purpose of the speech was to excite among American citizens a passion of altruism, Impelling them to accept a scheme of com pulsory peace for the world by the agency of a league of nations. The American people are being Intoxi cated with 'Idealism' and rhetoric, In order that they may be led to vote in the dark—as we hold, to vote away their birthright." z T; Fear Soviet Control in Bavaria to Fail Proposed Teuton Union; Saxe-Coburg De clares War on the "Empire." Berne, Feb. 25.—Spartacans have seized the Benz automobile works at Mannheim and have supplied them selves with machines, according to dis patches received here today. Railway, telegraph and telephone communication has been cut between that city and Karlsruhe. AUSTRIA MAY RENIG. Berne, Feb. 25.—Setting up of So viets in Bavaria will, It Is feared, re sult In the division of Germany, It was stated in a dispatch from Vienna to day. As a result the Austrian desire for a union with Germany is said to be cooling. MORE WAR DECLARED. Copenhagen, Feb. 25.—Military Gov ernor Noske, In the course of an inter view at Weimar, declared that Suxe Coburg has declared war against the "empire" and that government troops will remain there "until all is calm." CLAMP BAN ON PRESS. Berlin, Feb. 25.—With the restora tion of order In Munich under admin istration of the newly formed Soviet government, the bourgeois press was reported today to have been prohibited from publishing for 10 days. Martial law has been proclaimed In Augsburg, following the calling of » general strike there. Spartacans seiz ed newspaper offices and public build ings. Several street demonstrations occurred. In the Mannheim coal districts, Spar tacans were reported to be retreating upon Dusseldorf and Muelheim, fight ing rear guard actions In the forests with government troops as they fall back. TWO DEAD, 33 INJURED IN MILWAUKEE WRECK Rockford, 111., Feb. 25.—Two persons were dead, 33 injured—seven seriously —today following a wreck on the Chi cago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railroad near here last night. A spreading rail derailed the tender, baggage and passenger coaches of a passenger train from Beloit, Wis. The engine remained on the track. The dead are: C. E. Corcoran, train master, Beloit, Wis., and Harry C. Smith, of Janes .ville, Wis. ONLY WANTED TO REACH WILSON AND SAVE WORLD Boston, Feb. 25.—John Rogosky, who was arrested when he at tempted to gain admittance to President Wileon't suite in the Copley Plaza hotel, was arraigned in the central court today oharged with carrying dangerous weapons. Rogesky told the polios he "in tended to get the president and save the world." It was also learned that the man believed him self to be the "king of Poland." Upon his arrest ha declared he had "reached heaven," and that he tried to do the task imposed upon him by the "supreme being." THE WEATHER Forecaat for Boise and vicinity: 1 SNOW TONIGHT AND WEDNES DAY; WARMER TONIGHT. For Idaho: Tonight and Wednesday, snow; warmer tonight. Highest temperature yesterday, 87. | Lowest temperature this morning, 32. i Mean temperature yesterday, 82. 1 BIG DOMESTIC TANGLES WAIT WILSON; MANY BUS 10 SIGN Aside From League, President Faces Vital Issues of Home land; Meets Cabinet Today, First Assembly in 13 Weeks. LABOR SITUATION MUST BE RELIEVED AT ONCE Several Important Vacancies Wait Appointment, to Attor ney General Post and on the Federal Trade Commission. Washington, Fob. 25.—Presidsnt Wilson in his first few hours at the white house today signed 26 congressional bills and joint reso lutions. Chief among these were the $100,000,000 famine fund bill, the deficiency bill, the invalid pen sion bill ,* measure allowing sol diers, sailors and marines credit on homestead entries while they were in the service, the publio buildings bill and the joint resolu tion granting a pension to Mrs Theodore Roosevelt. By ROBERT J. BENDER. Washington, Feb. 25.—President Wilson returned to Washington early today, completing one of the unique trips of history. Since his departure from home last December, the presl dent has traveled over 12,000 miles, has been made a citizen of approxi mately 1600 cities, town« and hamlets In Europe, has been housed In the royal palaces of two kings and one prince, has ridden on the royal trains of two ruling families, delivered near ly two score of speeches and short ad dresses and received six college and university honorary degrees. 14 _ pot , lt .„ D . . e returns to the capital Intent on Amerkn^ncongress of the need of nylons partlcipatlon ln a lea * ue of IF AMFRira r«n rn AMERICA FAILED. The background of this need he S — up >. n ^°:' denC6, R : I " laBt n g , w en he said that now "that Eu pe has pinned her faith to America, : it would break the heart of the world f r^if n0,iCa , falle(i to res Pond. M The president's day promised to be full. He was expected to give his j ——. I America's Vast Resources and ! ; (Continued on Page Two. ING FIGURE Proved Ideals Foremost Fac tor of President's Success Abroad ; Personality Asset. By ROBERT J. BENDER. Washington, Feb, 25.—President Wil son went to Europe a self-confessed amateur In international diplomacy, and returned to America as the domi nant figure ln the peace conference. This, despite, the opposition to him of his principles that have developed at j home. The two foremost factors of the ; president's success aboard—his popu- : larlty with European peoples and his power with their statesmen—are not ' personal, but due to conceptions of | American ideals ln the foreign mind and realization by allied leaders of America's tremendous wealth, both ln money and materials. PERSONAL FACTOR8. The other two factors ore entirely personal and consist of his tact, sup ported by a never falling sense of hu- j mor, and his knowledge of history and of the men with whom he la dealing, j Of the first two factors, his popu larlty with the people le due largely to the fact hie portrait hgs been broad casted over Europe ln connection with hls expressions on American Ideale and ideas. thus giving a picture and an Identlty to America. Admiring, there fore, the people, when the preeldent visited them, exalted the man whose face they had been taught to rcognlse. STRONGE8T POWER 1 8TROINUMI POWER. His power with the statesmen ls due ln part to the knowledge of these diplomats that his popularity wltn the people I» a tremendous weapon,, and that wore he at any time to appeal to popular Judgment, on an Issue which he favored ln opposition to their own representatives, he might come out on top. But the greatest power Wlleon wields Is America's wealth and re eources which are absolutely tndtspen aable to the economla readjustment of Europe SAYS GERMANY MUST LOOK TO LEAGUE FOR PEACE IN THE FUTURE Foreign Minister Urges More Demo cratic Basie; Not Good Enough for Reformed Boohee. Weimar, Feb. 24.—Germany must depend upon the league of nations for future peace, at home and abroad, and urges that the league should have a more democratic basis, Foreign Minister Brockdorf declared In an Interview hero to day. He said Germany Is already qualified for membership because she now has the most democratic government in the world. "President Wilson's preamble to the league of nations constitution was not too optimistic, said the foreign minister. "Its faith In tho moral force of publie opinion Is Justified. How ever, the league should have a more democratic basis. Thus far It is little more than a defensive alli ance. It may be good enough for the allies, but It Is not good enough for Germany, which Is now obliged to depend upon the league for fu ture peace, at home, and abroad. Germany Is qualified for member ship in the league because she is the most democratic nation in the world. "We will make our delegates to the peace conference as representa tive as possible. "The league provision for publi cation of treaties Is a long step forward." Lloyd George's Warning of Civil Strife Not Rhetorical Phrase; People Insist That Germany Pay War Debts. By J. W. T. MASON. New York, Feb. 25.—The movement of dangerous European unrest which Passed from Russia Into Germany Is j T ow advQncin S further westward and I is developing menacing symptoms in Great Britain. Lloyd Ueorge's warn lns of clvll , trlfo ls not a rhetorlcal : phrase, for there has been accumulai - i ,n * a Ion * >*st of workingmen's de . mands ln the British Isles which have failed to be satisfactorily adjusted. ; The one result of the peace congress .which to the present has most nearly : affected the people of Great Britain and the other allied nations in Europe, is the confessed inability of the dele gates to make the Germans pay for the war. Only a small part of the taxation ln the victorious countries can be met by indemnity. TAXES CAUSE UNREST. The enormous weight of taxes now hanging upon Europe Is chiefly re sponsible for the discontent which has seized upon the labor classes of Great [Britain. Unless some means can be found of lightening the burden, the sit uatlon may become an Impossible one. j After the Napoleonic wars there was for a time terrible misery because of I heavy taxes, but this was soon relieved through the invention of labor saving ! machinery which greatly Increased man's capacity for production. Great ; er productivity appears to be now as then the only fundamental solving the problem. way of SENATE WANTS ARMY OF 573,000 MEN FOP PERMANENT NUCLEUS Washington, Feb. 25.—The sen ate military affairs sub-commit tee today agreed to recommend an army of 509,000 men and 28,000 of ficers as the permanent military force of tho country. Tho provision was stricken out by tho house although appropria tions wars Isft for an army of this size. On tha urgsnt appeal of Sec retary of War Baker and Chiaf of Staff March provision for an army of 500,000 in round numbora waa rain sorted by tha senate commit tee. The committee hopes to have the bill ready to report by night. „ . ' I , . Dub,ln ' F ? b ' 25 - Irsland w 11 beneflt * qually wlth ° r8at Bri ' alr \ ln recon - ,tructlon work Panned b F the «»vein ment ' Slr Jame * Macpherson, chief sec f eUry for Ir * land ' dec ' a , red in outlln ln * tha ««vernment 8 B lsh P°Hcy be to J \ tb * conferanc ? of representatives of Ir,Bh , " uniclpal a " oc,atlon8 here yeat€r f a3 l* A * rant of 2B0 ' 000 P° unds (81.250, 0#0) haB already baen made to meet the Immediate needs of demobilized men and others needing assistance." said Macpherson. * "Any scheme for reconstruction *8 vanced In Great Britain ls applicable to Ireland. The housing situation ln Ireland Is appalling. The government will continue Its housing program. In ---------------------- eluding subsidies for payment of the i difference between 'economic rent' and the rent which tenants are able to pay. ! We are considering the formation of a j housing department." | _______ „ _________________ _ _____ Bentlal each day from a standpoint of BOCHE REVOLT NECESSITATES FASTWORKAT PEACE PARLEY Conferees are Eager to Reach Point Where Food and Ma terials Can Be Shipped Into Tempestuous Germany. FIX RESPONSIBILITY FOR INDIVIDUAL WAR CRIMES Committee on Reparation Re ported to Be Near Agree ment; Early High Claims Said to Have Been Shaved Down. By FRED S. FERGUSON. Paris, Feb. 25.—The new revolution In Germany Is giving added Impetus to the work of preparing the outline for a preliminary peace. The con ferees are anxious to reach a point where food and materials may be shipped Into Germany to restore eco nomic and political conditions to a normal basis. The peace conference had not yet received official advices on the situa tion In Germany today, owing to the fact its representatives in that country are sending reports by courier rather than telegraph. But there was a dis position on the part of the delegates to feel that speed In effecting a pre liminary peace Is becoming more es 56,000,000,000 TAX BILL HAS WILSON'S SIGNATURE Washington, Feb. 25.—President Wilson signed the $6,000,000,v00 rev enue bill before retiring last night, it was officially announoed today. Tho measure, besides providing for greatly increased taxes on in oomoe, profits end many of the every-day things of life, earried ■ ridor making the national capital bone dry. Inoome tax blanks have been mailed out and the operation of many provisions of tho law will get under way .at onoe. The president also signed the $100,000,000 appropriation bill whioh Herbert Hoover aaked to relievo famine in Europe. Ho alee signed the urgent deficiency bill. CHICAGO HAB $250,000 FIRE. Chicago, Feb. 25.—The old Wigwam ,elte here, where Llnooln waa noml noted for preeldent, was swept by a 8250,000 fire, which destroyed several buildings occupied by wholesale gro eery establishments and coal houeaa early today. self-protection, If for no other reason. GIVEN PRECEDENCE. While the question of whether the peace with Germany or final disposi tion of the league of nations shall be taken up first after President Wilson's return probably will remain open until he ls present to participate in the dis cussions, there appears little doubt at this time that the preliminary peace will be given precedence. The various committees are pro gressing rapidly in the working out the details of the general peace settle ment. The sub-committee of the body which will determine responsibility and punishment for authors of the war ls understood to have completed its report on Individual guilt, though the whole committee has not yet acted. The sub-committee's report is said to have been unanimous. REGARDING REPARATION. The committee on reparation ls re ported to be approaching agreement on the principle upon which damage will be collected. It ls further report ed that early high claims are being consistently shaved down to conform with what can be obtained. The com mittee is understood to show a prefer ence for making the period of payment as short as possible—Inside of 20. years—rather than permit the cry of commercial slavery to go up from a people of coming generations. On the matter of territorial claims, Informal discussions regarding the western frontiers of Germany are go ing on. Only the Morrocan and Arme nian questions remain of the minor problems to be taken up. LEAGUE REVISION«. Representatives of various league of nations societies of the big powers will meet in London this week to confer on amendments and additions to the constitution which they will present when the peace conference opens de hnet on the covenant. Oscar Strauss and Hamilton Holt will represent the League to Enforce Peace. Senator Bourgeois of lYance and Premier Venizelos of Greece will attend, giving the conference a semi official standing, so far os recommen dations are concerned. The Americans are said to bo desirous of adding an article making equality ln religious and civil rights obligatory to all signa tory powers. The French seek home protection within constitutional bounds ln lieu of the International police force, which they unsuccessfully attempted to incorporate ln the original draft.