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FIE ST EVENING CAPITAL NEWS WEATHEB THURSDAY. 8now tonight and Thuro day. VOL. XLH. BOISE, IDAHO, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1919 No. 43 CUMMINS SAYS U. S. CERTAIN TO DISAPPROVE WORLD LEAGUE Iowa Senator Brands Paris Covenant "Most Destructive, Unjust and Reactionary Pro posal" Ever Submitted. HAS SUBSTITUTE PLAN TO ERASE ALLEGED DEFECTS Declares Citizens, When They Grasp the Inevitable Conse quences, Will Reject Proposi tion With Storm of Censure. Washington, Feb. 26.—Popular dis approval of the proposed league of na tions was forecast by Senator Cum mins of Iowa, Republican, today In a speech to the senate. He urged a sub stitute plan which he said is the "'in ternational compact which the Ameri can people are waiting, hoping and praying for." Cummins described the Paris con stitution as "the most destructive, un just and reactionary proposal which was ever submitted to a patriotic and Intelligent people." "When the citizens of the United States thoroughly grasp the meaning of the proposed agreement and fairly understand Its Inevitable conse quences," Cummins declared, "it will be rejected in a storm of obloquy, the like of which has never been witnessed within the borders of the republic." HAS OWN PROJECT. Ho then outlined the following, which he said would meet the hopes of the American people: First—All nations should agree to settle justifiable disputes by ar bitration or adjudication and agree without reserve to abide by the award or judgment. Second—All nations should agree that in all other international dis putes that war should not be made until some international body in which every member of the league is represented shall have a fair opportunity to discuss it. Upon such questions there should be no award and the sanction should be confined to the moral influences awakened by free discussion. Third—Ostracism for any na tion refusing to submit a contro versy properly or perform the judgment rendered, or to delay war until combined powers shall be given full consideration. Fourth—The compact should sustain a program of disarmament. CONFUSED, COMPLICATED. ! Cummins described the Paris draft •s "confused and complicated." "There is some good In It," he ad- | mitted, but added, "there is more that ! is had in it. If I were compelled to vote upon the instrument as a whole, I would unhesitatingly vote against it. "There are provisions in It which not only degrade the spirit of our peo- j pie, but put it beyond the power of ! the republic to 'establish justice, In- ' ■ure domestic tranquillity, provide for j the common defense, promote the gen eral welfare and secure the blessings ! of liberty for ourselves and our pos- ' ferity.' And so fulfill the declaration of the constitution." "It requires no close inquiry Into! the sentiment of the American people! to be certain that there is a universal and passionate desire to do something —to enter into some compact—to pre vent war with all its deadly conse quences. "it is this overwhelming ronvlction which finds expression in the tumult uous applause which thrills every au dience as it listens to the glowing ap peals for a league of nations. AT TOO GREAT PRICE. "1 cannot believe, however, that very many of these people will insist that the overthrow' of American insti tutions Is necessary In order to accom plish the bénéficient purpose they have In mind .and to attain the end they so fervently desire." Some sections of the constitution not only neutralize the benefits of a peaceful settlement but destroy the national structure and commit the United States to a t curse which must end In humiliation and disaster, he ■aid. It is disappointing us regards disarmaments, Cummins added. "I have some doubt In regard to pur power to enter into the treaty pro posed in the Paris constitution, a doubt arising from the universality! and duration of the obligation we are 1 asked to assume," he continued. "We are solemnly asked to guarantee that the boundaries of nations, as they now exist, or as they will exist when the conference has redrawn the map of Europe, Asia, Africa and Oceania, ■hall remain without change forever." : Cummins attacked provisions re- ! garding mandatories as "the climax at the surrender." GROS8 VIOLATION. "This article Is not only bad in It self, but it Is the grossest violation of our powers under the constitution that has ever fallen unde- my obser vation." He Illustrated by applying the prin ciple to Turkey. "Unquestionably we have the right (Continued on Page Two.) * Londoni Feb. 26—London news papers generally were unstinting In their praise of President Wil son's speech at Boston. The ma jority of them mentioned his statement that "America Is the hope of the world," agreeing that the United States can not now disappoint the world regarding the league of nations and point ing out that the day of American isolation is passed. The Post was the only news paper which attempted to throw cold water on the address. "We tried, not with complete success to blow the foam off the divine breaker of eloquence with which President Wilson refreshed the dry city of Boston," said the Post. "What pleased us most was his praise of the American soldier. TERMS BROKEN BY THE CZEGH0-3LAVS Poland Reports Attacks on Whole Lemberg Front; Wei mar Assembly Votes to Re duce Strength of Hun Forces. Paris, Feb. 26.—Polish dispatches al leged today that tho Czecho-Slovaks have broken the armistice on the whole front in the Lemberg region. Their Initial attacks were repulsed by the Polish forces, it was said, and fighting continues. WOULD REDUCE ARMY. Copenhagen, Feb. 26.—The national assembly at Weimar has passed a bill providing that the new German army shall not exceed a third of the pre war strength, according to dispatches received here today. The peace footing of the German army in 1914 was 36,088 officers and 769,938 men. COALITION GOVERNMENT. Berne, Feb. 26.—coalition govern ment in Austria is now ussured, dis patches from Viennft stated today. It Was said the Social Democrats who won a large majority in tlie recent election to the national assembly have agreed to co-operate with the Chris tian soldiers and that the latter will not oppose the union with Germany. The Christian Socialists have publicly repudiated charges of monarchists tendencies. MUEHLEN OFFERED POST. London, Feb. 26.—A delayed dispatch received here from Munich today said that Dr. Muehlen, former director of Krupps, has been offered the portfolio of foreign secretary in the new Ba varian government. He is reported to have replied that he would study the situation before answering. Five Navy Men Held in Conneo .»With Case ; Prominent Civilians Said to Be Involved in Enlistment Fraud. Washington, Feb. 26—Nearly $85, 000 in bribe money, besides valuable presents and entertainment», consti tuted the price paid in tlie third naval district slacker enlistment scandal, according to estimates of the navy de partment on record today. The report on the investigation shows five persons under arrest with a prospect of further detentions in and out of the service. Prominent civilians are believed in volved, but the department while promising not to shield them declared that the case is not yet sufficiently developed to warrant publishing tfielr names. The evidence so far gathered show ed two phases of the scandal. One aspect was passage of men in to the naval service who w*ere physi cally unfit, but who probably under army rules would have been assigned to duty—perhaps overseas. The other phase was detailing men to soft shore Jobs permitting them some times to continue their business in New York as well as early release of certain men after the armistice. Those under arrest are. Lieutenant Benjamin 8. Davis, medical corps, Lieut. Benoit James Ellert, Chief Boatswain Lloyd Casey*, Ensign Paul Beck and Chief Boatswain Mate Frederick A. Jones, all of the U. S. N. R. F. A8K8 QUIZ PALMER'S OFFICE. Washington. Feb. 26— Senator Frel lnghuysen, of New Jersey, today In troduced a resolution In the senate ask ing that the administration of the alien property custodian's office be investi gated. One of the reasons given for the request was alleged secrecy under which A. Mitchell Palmer has con ducted the office. Wc also rejoiced to see that ho Is Poland's friend, because It was rumored—probably the enemy— that he was a little backward in that cause." Other newspapers commented as follows: Daily News: "Every pacific In terest in Europe Is with President Wilson In his appeal to his peo ple. We do not think the appeal will be in vain. Thjre are parts of the world, particularly In the far east where the United States could be the only disinterested and wholly trusted mandatory. The fact the United States is en gaged in the common task of re construction will dissipate old jealousies, confirm the world's faith in America and convert the (Continued on Page Two. Tl IT' ' 4729 Officers and Men Landed at New York; Five Days Overdue; Brigadier General Blanding One of Arrivals. New York, Feb. 26.—The transport President Grant arrived today*, live days late owing to storms and time lost towing the transport Polar Bear to port. There were 4729 officers and men of the following organizations aboard: One hundred and eighty-fourth in fantry brigade headquarters, six offi cers and 20 men; 164th infantry*, 87 officers and 3359 men; lG2nd infantry, supply company* K, nine officers and 377 men; 76 casual officers; 756 men from the Brest convalescent detach ments and 12 civilians, including a number of correspondents. Among the officers aboard was Brig adier General A. Blanding, command er of the 184th brigade 92nd division. He was accompanied by Sergeant W. H. Miller. Pasadena, Cul. ^ The 184th infantry was %'ômpOTfi for the most part of replacement troops from all parts of the northw*est. Among officers who arrived today was Captain R. L. Thornton, Santa Fe, N. M. Of the 162nd infantry* officers there were Lieutenant J. V. Schur, Sergeant E. F. Henry and Sergeant G. C. Wells, all of Portland, Ore.; Corporal L. W. Morrison, Sacramento; A. G. Smith, Los Angeles; Ernest Hipp, Eureka, Cal.; L. B. Brown, Portland, Ore.; J. J. Goetz, Portland, Ore., and H. L. Heath, Seattle. THREATENED PRESIDENT; DEPORTATION IS SOUGHT San Francisco, Feb. 26.—Secretary of Labor Wilson has been «asked for a warrant of deportation for Paw Odeno, a Russian laborer, who was arrested late yesterday on the charge that he made threats against President Wil son. odeno is said to have remarked, fol lowing the attempted assassination of Clemenceau : "Well, we got the old fellow. Now we'll get Wilson .too." 300,000 ITALIANS PLAN EARLY RETURNS TO U. S. Rome, Feb. 26.—The newspaper« an nounced today that 200,000 demobilized Italian reservists are ready to return to America and that 100,000 additional, who are still under arms, will leave for the United States as soon as they; are released. The government is urged to take slaps to induce the men to remain in Italy by giving them special farming and industrial facilities. ELECTRICAL WORKERS ON COAST THREATEN STRIKE Springfield, 111., Feb. 26.—The execu tive committee of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workem will act today on a referendum «trike vote of telephone men .switchboard opera tors and electrical workers in Wash ington, Oregon .California and Nevada. Alleged refusal of Postmaster Gen eral Burleson to answer their demand caused 15,000 western workers to vote for the strike. Approval of their ac tion by the central committee will probably lead to immediate action, it was said. TO DISCHARGE ALL UNFIT. Rome. Feb. 26.—The war minister has ordered the discharge of soldiers of every class who are unlit for every class of war service. THE WEATHER Forecast for Boise, and vicinity— RAIN OR SNOW TONIGHT AND THURSDAY. For Idaho—Tonight and Thursday, rain or snow; fresh easterly winds. Highest temperature yesterday...* 17 Lowest temperature this morning.. 84 Mean temperature yesterday......$4 HUN PRESIDENT URGES SOVETS OFFERED PLACE MGOVERNMENT Creation of National Workers Soviet Body in Lower Legis lative Branch Favored by German President Ebert. SAYS RADICALS CAN NOT BE DEFEATED VIA FORCE Would Have Reds Deal With In dustrial Questions, but Pow erless to Foil Reichstag Bills; Scheidemann Is Opposed. By FRANK J. TAYLOR. (Copyright 1919, by United Press.) Weimar, Feb. 25—Creation of a Na tional Workers' Soviet as tho lower legislative branch of the German gov ernment Is favored by President Eb ert as the only solution of the politi cal and economic situation. Ebert believes the Soviets can not be crushed and tl\at they will not be pacified until they are formally recognized and given governmental responsibility. According to his plan, the proposed national Soviet would deal with all industrial questions but would have no power to veto mea sures passed by the rplchstag, which would remain the sovereign depart ment of the government. The bun desrat, which is powerless and very useless, might bo abolished to make way for the soviet. SCHEIDEMANN OPPOSED. Chancellor Scheldemann and other members of the cabinet have not yet accepted the president's radical scheme. They deny ths necessity for recognizing the Soviets, hoping those bodies will disappear gradually or be crushed. But many strong leaders In the reichstag (national assembly) are Inclined to side with Ebert, and there Wire - tfHHoatttoM that the issue may shortly be forcbd to a decision. While the delegates are haranguing over the details of the constitution, which Ignores the existence of thou sands of workers' Soviets throughout Germany, the political and economic situation is becoming more and more acute, bringing with it the realiza tion that positive steps must be taken soon In one direction or the other. BREACH WIDENING. The. matter is carefully avoided in public discussions, but undercurrents are revealing the growing split re garding the Soviets. The Bavarian reichstag delegates (Continued on Page Two.) ITI Vicious Fighting Staged in Lis bon When Government Re fuses Bolsheviks' Ultimatum; Report City in Darkness. Madrid, Feb. 25.—Bolshevists have been in control of Lisbon since Satur day. according to travelers reaching Madrid from that city toduy. This was the llrst news received here of the reported new outbreak, owing to the strict censorship in Portugal. According to reports, the rebels is sued an ultimatum to the government demanding dissolution of parliament, administrative decentralization in the form of soviets and abolition of the j police and private banks. The govern- ; ment Is said to have agreed to dis- : solve parliament but refused the other ! demands. Barripades were thrown up In the | streets and fighting continued until 1 Sunday. Electric service was cut off and the city was In darkness for a time. A monarchist prisoner named Camancho was assassinated In the street while being taken to prison. This is the third successive revolu tion In Portugal within a few weeks. The first one, started by the radicals to force socialization of the govern ment, was lost sight of when the Royalists took advantage of that sltu ation to attempt to restore the mon archy. For a time the Monarchists were successful and even established a provisional government In Oporto. They were eventually crushed by con centration of all the government forces against thsm and their leader Plava Concero, was wounded and captured. $7,000,000,000 LOAN BILL PASSED IN HOUSE 348 TO 3 Washington, Feb. 26—The victory loan bill authorizing a $7,000,000,000 short term note Issue today was pass ed by the house, 848 to 8, following futile efforts to strike Out sections extending power of the war finance corporation. The bill now goes to tho ssnats. CHICAGO REPUBLICANS NAME THOMPSON FOR MAYORALTY ENTRANT Present City Executive Easy Winner Over Judge Olson — Democrat* Pick Robert Sweitser. Chicago, Feb. 26 —william Hale Thompson, Republican, and Rob ert M. Sweitser, Democrat, will make the race for mayor of Chi cago. They were nominated by sweeping pluralities in party pri maries here yesterday. Thompson, ljicumbent, defeated Judge. Harry Olson, second man on the Republican ticket, by 39,946 votes. His lead over Captain Charles E. Merrlam was 106 , 191 . Sweitser defeated Thomas Carey for the Democratic nomination by a majority of 60,983 votes. .Of the total of 384,678 votes cast, 136,745 were by women vot ers.. In the Republican race Thompson was given the majority of the women's vote, or 42.929 against 32,227 for Olson and 7451 for Merrlam. Sweitser won the majority of the Democratic women voters or 38,829 against 15,010 for Carey. There were no contests on the Socialist and labor tickets. ill BILL 11 Public Lands Committee Favor ably Reports Measure to Aid Returning Soldiers ; Big Navy Bill Also Recognized. Washington, Feb. 26.—The senate public lands committee today fa vorably reported Secretary Lane's bill for appropriating $100,000,000 to reclaim land for returning sol diers. REVIVES SUBTREASURIES. Washington, Feb. 26.—The house considered and àflRfctcd the Conference report on the *96,000,000 legislative, ex ecutive and judicial bill In less than half an hour today. The bill as agreed to restores the nine sub-treasuries, which were discontinued in the origi nal house bill, and provides for a con gressional commission to report on the adjustment and equalization of gov ernment salaries. LEGISLATION SPEEDED. Washington, Feb. 26.—President Wil son's intimation that he would go to the capitol to urge immediate passage of vital legislation today speeded con gressional action. The senate naval committee decided to report out the big navy bill with the proviso that the president could suspend it if the league of nations was formed. The house hurried consideration of the treasury note issue authorization bill ,and had only the civil, sundry and general deficiency bills to dispose of before cleaning up Its work. Although two senate committees had taken ac tion desired by tile president, legisla tion stood still in the senate itself, while the league of nations debate continued. Senator Cummins of Iowa attacked the constitution and submit ted a substitute plan. RE-EMPLOYMENT PHASE FORECASTS NEW BREACH Dublin, Feb. 26.—A serious crisis was understood to have arisen today as the result of the war cabinet's re jection of Lord French's request that the Irish recruiting council undertake the re-employment of 100,000 Irish sol diers, in connection with demobiltza tion in this country. Chief Secretary McPhcrson lias Informed the council that Its services are no longer re quired. The soldiers may he so neg lected that they will Join the Sinn Fclners, said Captain Gwynn, a mem ber of the council. In additl<^ivo«o Gprynn, the council Included Sir Irtnry' McLaughlin, Sir Maurice Dookrell and S.rgeant Sulll Washington big ships Feb. 28—Piling up of shoals or rockbound thing coasts bid. fair soon to be of the past. Thl. 1. the result of development of the "radio compass," the product of navy genius—which accurately regis ters the direction and approach of a vessel by Its wireless signals. By us ing two of three stations, the ship's exact position can bs given If the navigator Is lost In the fog and near ing dangerous ehoals. The radio compass supercedes a radio phone device installed at Point Judith light, which contained power fut phonograph records warning of the light in a fog and repeating "you are drawing nearer." The sound car ried eight miles. Tho device will be Installed at Bos ton, Newport, Delaware capes, Char leston, S. C. Four are In near New York. operation NEW NATIONAL CHAIRMAN IN DEMOCRATIC PARTY Homer S. Cummings. Washington, Feb. 26.—The Dem ocratic national committee today elected Homer S, Cummings of Connecticut as chairman to suc ceed Vance McCormick. McCor mick's resignation, tendered when ho wont to Franco as adviser to the American delegation at the peace conference, was accepted to day. It was revealed that Cummings will at ones get the 1920 campaign under way by touring tho country for conferences with state leaders. The determination of tho Demo crats to make a most vigorous campaign in the middle west and west, was evidenced by the elec tion of J. Bruce Kremer of Butte, Mont., and Samuel B. Amidon of Wichita, Kan., as vioa chairmen. E. G. Hoffman, Fort Wayne, Ind., was elected secretary; W. G. Hol lister, Jefferson City, Mo., execu tive secretary, and W. D. Jamieson, Shenandoah, la., director of fi nanoe. W. W. Marsh, Waterloo, la., and Colonel John I. Martin remain as treasurer and sergeant at arms, respectively. NOMINATION OF HUGH WALLACE, TACOMA, IS SENT TO THE SENATE Washington, Feb. 26—The president today sent to the senate the nomina tion of Hugh Wallace, Tacoma, Wash., as ambassador to France to succeed William Graces Sharp, resigned. Other nominations presented today were: To be receivers of public moneys; Prank F. Steele, Helena, Mont., and Mrs. Lulu Hurley, Elko, Nev. To be hydrographic and geodetic engineers; Roscoe P. Strough, New York, and Herbert Grummann of Neb. - General Ludendorff, by LUDENDORFF BECOMES AUTHOR; TELLS REASON OF GERMANY'S DEFEAT Berlin, Feb. 26. who has been refused permission the government of Sweden to remain longer In that country, has written to President Ebert, saying he has com pleted a book justifying his actions during the war, and that he desires to return to Germany to publish it and resume his service to the fatherland. "The interests of Germany are my interests," he wrote. "It is necessary that light be thrown on the work I accomplished in the four years of the war and on the origin of our misfortunes." GOVERNORS RESPOND TO WILSON'S BID TO WHITE HOUSE PARLEY Washington, Feb. 26.—Governors and city officials throughout the country today were wiring President Wilson I accepting his Invitation "for a cönfer ence here March 3 and 4 promUln(t every assistance In the great task of Improving conditions of business and employment. The president is deeply interested In securing some definite program out of suggestions from the officials. The ____________ __________ conference will probably be held in the historic east room of the White House. U. S. HOME AFFAIRS NOT OURS, SAYS PARIS PAPER - Paris, Feb. 26.—"The home affairs of the United States are none of our busi ness," declare the Temps In discussing Presldent Wilson's Boston address. "15(6 will not try to know If the cam palgn In the United States against the covenant Is really ngalrist the league of nations or If It is only the pretext for a fight between, political parties. Let us simply be allowed to observe that, seen from this side, where the world conflict was born and where might rise worse conflicts In the fu ture, the league appears to be a neces sity against which no consideration of party could prevail. "We wish and confidently wait for America to ratify the league." C. E. VAN LOAN NEAR DEATH. Los Angeles, Feb. 26.—Charles E. Van Loan, well known author, Is 111 in a hospital at Philadelphia and has "a fighting chanoe" for recovery, accord lng to a telegram from Mrs. Van Loan to her mother received last night » WILSON SLATED TO MAKE FINAL LEAGUEAPPEAL DEFORERETURN Arrangements Being Made for Speech in New York Night of March 4 or 5, Just Before Sailing Abroad. MEETS S0L0NS TONIGHT AT WHITE HOUSE DINNER President Takes Direct Hand in Speeding Pending Legisla tion; May Visit Capitol To day to Spur on Law Making. Washington, Feb. 26.—President Wilson probably will address a final appeal to the American people for sup port of the league of nations Just be fore he sails for France next week. Arrangements are under way to have him make the speech In New York city the night of March 4 or 5. The New York address would be ex pected to establish the background and line of thought to be pursued by sup porters throughout this country while the president goes ahead with his work in Paris. EDUCATIONAL WORK. Until the extra session of congress is called—probably early in June—the league supporters' efforts will be de voted to educational work throughout the country which the president him self will tako up on his return from Paris. President Wilson tonight expects to make the first definite step in his plans to win congressional approval for tho league of nations constitution. By explaining to members of the congressional foreign relations com mittee at a White House dinner this evening, the ''good and sufficient rea sons" back of each article of the con stitution, tho president hopes to stem tho tide of opposition particularly in the senate. The president today took a direct hand in speeding up pending legisla tion. It was stated he probably would go to the capitol during the day and hold conferences in his room there I with leaders urging passage of vital legislation before adjournment next Tuesday. NO SPECIAL SESSION. Meanwhile, the president is spending every available minute rushing through the mass of executive business so nothing will delay his return to France. In his busy day yesterday h# signed 26 bills, made about 50 nominations, presided at a three and half hour cab- | inet meeting, called «a conference of ! governors on unemployment, disposed , of a stack of communications and in- would not call a special 1 dicated j session of congress now. | Besides the big navy and other ap- propriation bills. Secretary Tumulty enumerated the following measures which he said the president desired passed: The victory liberty loan act, the water power hill on which he con ferred with Senator Bankhead last night; the oil leasing bill, the bill pro viding * 100 , 000,0011 to assist soldiers, sailors and marines in obtaining home stead grants and Improving public lands which may be thrown open to the fighters; the bill retaining the United States employment service which has been disapproved by the house appropriations committee. LIVED DUAL LIFE Police Think California Profes sor, Slain as Burglar, Had Staged Many Thefts. Oakland, Cal., Feb. 26.—East bay police today uncovered evidence Indi- cating that Thornton Undrlch Rollins, who died today after having been shot as a burglar, had been living a dual Hf*. Two traveling bags, one of which contained Jewelry worth several hun <Ired dollars, were found in his room. The police believe the Jewelry was stolen from Berkeley homes, Rollins, who formerly was an as slstant Instructor of psychology at the University of California, and who was recently honorably discharged as a sergeant of the medlcnl corps, was sur Prised while tampering with the safe criminology. of the Western Motor company taat night. He was mortally wounded by Policeman Peters. Professor Warren Brown, of the uni versity's psychology department, said Rollins was an unusually Intelligent young man. ' "He came here from the University of Chicago where he had made an en viable record. He was a deep student of psychology," said Brown, "and gave promise of attaining a professorship." Rollins had delivered lectures on He wore hie uniform under overalls when shot.