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m msT FRIDAY. Fair and eontinuad < _ tonight. vot. xui. BOISE, IDAHO, THURSDAY. FEBRU ARY 27, 1919 Mo. 44 "BUFFERSTATF FOR FRANCE ß CONSIDERED AT PAMS MEETMG Discuss Making Rhenish Prov inces Self-governing, There by Creating a Natural Barrier Against Germany. ARRANGEMENT WOULD ONLY BE TEMPORARY New State to Be Permitted to Decide Own Future by Pleb escite as Soon as Boche Makes Full Reparation. Rome, Fob. 27.—The Italian proto today editorially oppoaed oinking the fleet, owing to the waste of material. Geneva, Feb. 27.—The allies have formally recognized the Ukranian republic and agreed on Ukranian participation in the peace negotia tions aa an entente ally, it was announced by the Ukranian bureau hare today. TO PROTECT FRANCE By FRED S. FERGUSON • Paris, Feb. 27.—Creation of a "buffer state" between France and Germany by making the Rhenish provinces self governing was discussed by the peace delegates today. This project, which is still In n for mative state, was introduced during de bate on the adjustment of the boun daries of enemy countries. France, be ing the only country not protected from Germany by a natural barrier, is still dinging to the idea that the Rhine should constitute its eastern frontier. The proposition for establishment of a "buffer state" was presented as a compromise . This arrangement, it is understood, would be temporary, the. new state being permitted to decide its own future by a plebeseite as soon as Germany has made full reparation. j The next plenary session of the peace conference, it was said today, probably would take place in the middle of next month, when the special committees will be present with their reports. Good progress Is being made by the commit tees on reparation and responsibility for the war, it is understood. NEW YORK PORT AGAIN THREATENED BY TIE-UP New York. Feb. 27.—That New York harbor may again be tied up by a strike of marine workers Is the threat today of boat men who are dissatisfied with the award of V. E. Macey, umpire for the national war labor board. Each unit of the marine workers* af filiation will hold a separate meeting to select delegates to attend a meet ing of the affiliation to be held to morrow. Gompers and Scion of Royal Ruisia Discuss "Cabbages and Kings" ; Muscovite Takes Rap at President Wilson. By LOWELL MELLETT. Paris, Feb. 27.—How Russian no bility. and American labor discussed "cabbages and kings" at a luncheon In the Hotel Ritz became known today, al though the affair wasn't exactly public. The American labor mission, headed by Samuel Gompers, were the guests yesterday of Grand Duke Alexander. The luncheon was arranged by Charles Mayer, New York munitions broker. The chief topic of conversation was Bolshevism, although the league of na tions and President Wilson came In for more or less debate. The tall, aristocratic, gray-vandyked duke and the sturdy little labor leader presented a strange physical contrast, but they are said to have reached a striking degree of unanimity of opin ion. The grand duke was unsparing of his criticisms of Wilson. Gompers pointing out his own Independence, said he supported or opposed the president as the occasion demanded. The grand duke expressed scorn of the league of nations, calling (t "a doughboy-Tommy scheme," and saying that while the rest of the world might accept the "Anglo-American plan" temporarily. It would eventually have a league of Its own. The construction of the constitution of the league, he declared, made him think of the way the French play po ker—with the deuces and joker wild. Now, be declared, -Wilson has gone home with the deuces and the Joker Ip bfs pocket. No return luncheon has been ar ranged. A. MITCHELL PALMER MOM1HATED FOR POST OF ATTORNEY GENERAL Present Alien Property Custodian Named by Wilson to 8uoceed Gregory Who Quits March 4. Washington, Fab. 27—President Wilson today nominated A. Mit chell Palmer, present alien prop erty custodian as attorney gen eral succeeding Thomas W. Greg ory, whoso resignation takes ef fect March 4. Palmer, whose home is at Stroudsburg, hat been prominent in Democratic politic* fpr many years. During the war, in hit work at alien property custodian, Palmar took over enemy property in the United 8tstes amounting to ap proximately (700,000,000 and ad minieterad 33,000 trusts. Palmar nat been a member of the Democratic committee from Pennsylvania since 1912, having defeated Colonel James M. Guf fey in a bitter fight in that state involving the election of delegates to tho Baltimore convention. FAF RAISE GRANTED Emergency Fleet Director Says Industry Must Be "Purged"; Time no Longer Pressing and Can Hold Up Work. I I ! j ■Washington, Feb. 27.—If further In creases in pay aro to bo given ship yard workers, "a considerable increase in the per man production must en sue," was tho warning In a statement covering the demands of the Hog Is land foremen today by Director Gen eral Plez of the Emergency Fleet cor poration. Fiez offered dissatisfied workers an Increase of $2 a week in stead of the demanded $6 raise. Certainly, with unemployment grow ing, with prices generally on the de cline and lessening of opportunity in many Industries, demand for wage in creases can be justified solely on the. ground of a considerable Increase in production. Officials regarded the po sition taken by Piez as leading directly to a cancellation of contracts for fur ther shipbuilding should strikes come. TIME NO ISSUE NOW. Ills statement mentioned there still was much work to do In carrying out the government construction program, but intimated strongly that time was no longer pressing and that the work could be temporarily delayed if It were necessary to await more favorable con ditions. Piez said the shipbuilding Industry must be "purged." If mon are not able to do the work for which they were employed, there can be no reduc tion In the costs of production, he pointed out. It is only by manning the yards with men physically fit and skilled that the industry in this country can be placed on a basis where foreign contracts can be obtained, he added. NEW WAGE SCALE. The new wage scale, which Piez says will be satisfactory to him. affects foremen of the following classes of work and is as follows: Ship fitters, $66 per week; riveters, $66 per week; erectors, $66 per week; tank testers. $66 per week; clippers, caulkers, $66 per week; carpenters, $66 per week: boiler installation, $66 per week; bolters, $54 per week; drillers, reamers. $54 per week. SUFF8 FORCED TO QUIT JAIL. Boston. Feb. 27—Despite desperate efforts to remain in jail, 11 more suf fragists—arrested Monday for trying to heckle President Wilson—were set free today. This emptied the jail of militants, five being turned out last night. ADMIRAL SIM8' AIDE DIES. London, Feb. 27.—Commander E. G. Blankslee, aide de camp to Admiral Sims, Is dead of pneumonia. OUSS REDS PUH GQEML OFFENSIVE Captured Orders Reveal Coming Attack All Fronts; Bol sheviks Driven Back 26 Miles in Murman Sector by the Allied Forces ; Attrocities Charged. London, Feb. 27.—The Bolshevlki are planning a combined offensive on practically all fronts. It is re vealed in captured orders of their supreme .military command, a dis patch from Archangel reported to day. The attack is to start In the Archangel region and be extended to the western, southern and east ern fronts. Only the Murmansk and Finnish fronts will be excluded from the offensive and preparations will be made there for defensive fighting. While these preparatlona are go ing on, the allies have successful NEW REBELUON BF ANARCHISTS MMGERMANY; REDS TOO MILD Charge Spartacans Too Con servative; Dusseldorf Oyer thrown and Revolt Spreads to All Parts of the Country. WEIMAR ISOLATED FROM BERLIN; TRAINS STALLED Miners and Industrial Workers In Haller Region, Saxony,] Join Spartacans; Soviets in Munich Threaten Terror. Basis, Feb. 27—General Luden dorff has arrived in Berlin it was asserted in dispatches received here today. Berlin, Feb. 27—Under orders of the Soviet government church bells were rung throughout Ba varia in memory of Chancellor Eisner who was assassinated. Amsterdam, Feb. 27—A Soviet republic has been proclaimed throughout Saxony, according to dispatches from Berlin today. All railway traffic has been Halted in that state. A general strike also was re ported in Liepzig. By JOHN GRAUDENZ. Berlin, Feb. 27.—Anarchists, charg ing the Spartacans are too conserva tive, have started a counter revolu tion in Germany. Reports from Dusseldorf today stated that anarchists had overthrown the Spartacans and seized control of the city. Dusseldorf had only re cently passed into hands of the Spar tacans. Meanwhile, the Spartacan-Sovlet revolution has sprend to all parts of the country. New uprisings, strikes and riots were reported in Saxony, Bavaria the Rhineland and the Ruhr district. Weimar, the present seat of the Ger man government, has been cut oft from Berlin. No information could be obtained today as to what is transpir ing in Weimar. A special government train, which left W'eimnr for Berlin on Tuesday night started by way of Leipzig, but was forced to make sev eral additional detours ns the crew learned that stations had been cap tured by Spartacans. .COUNTRY PARALYZED. The miners and industrial workers in the Haller region, Saxony, have joined the Spartacans and that entire country is reported to be paralyzed. The Soviet government in Munich has threatened to execute ten promi nent citizens if the government sends Prussian troops against Bavaria. The (. Continued on Page Two.) WILSON WALKS WITH RETURNED TROOPS IN WASHINGTON PARADE Washington, Feb. 27.—President Wilson marched from the capitol to the white house today in a pa rade of returning of District of umbia troops. He was careful ly guarded. Carrying a large flag he walked the entire distance, af terward taking his place in a group of prominent legislators and wounded heroes in the reviewing stand before the white house. Cheers greeted the chief executive all along tha route. While the procession was going on, a sky parade was in progress, daring aviators circled over Penn sylvania avenue in mimic engage ments performing various thrill ing evolutions. Soldiers, sailors, marines, war workers and fathers and mother* of the troops marched. ly undertaken an offensive on the Murmansk front. Reports re ceived from Archangel today said the allies had advanced more than 26 miles In that region, the Bol shevlkl suffering heavy casual ties. Other dispatches said the head of the American Red Cross mission In Russia, Investigating alleged Bolshevik atrocities, had reported that the Bolshevlki had massacred hundreds of civilians. He is said to have cited one instance In Perm of an officer's shoulder straps be ing nailed to his shoulders. There have been several cases, he said, of priests being mutilated. THE SITUATION IN GERMANY TODAY WMlaUo GCRt* HAS ARM* & S MrtBURG- • ^ œ ®Vâ?krl>n 1 POLAND e <JILM \CZECHO -SLAVS^ .v Arrow one indicates Ruhr district where miners are striking. Arrow two indicates Berlin, where U. S. troops guard food supplies. Third arrow at bottom of map pointa to Munich, where anarciust killed Bavarian premier and followers were shot. , 1— The Spartacan reds and the government troops are fighting In the Ruhr district, near Dusseldorf and Essen. The village of Rotterop is being besieged and shelled by the rebels. Most of the coal mines of the district are tied up by strikes, and if the fuel shortage In Germany becomes acute the allies may occupy the district. 2— American troops are officially reported to be In Berlin, guarding the food supplies. At Munich, indicated by the other arrow. Premier Kurt Eisner of Bavaria was assassinated; Herr Auer, minister of the Interior, was wounded; Deputy Osel killed, and two other officials wounded. The shaded portions of Germany Indicate the extent of the territory that Germany has had to give up under the various armistice clauses. They include Rhineland, Palatinate, Alsace-Lorraine and Posen. Eisner was slain by Lieutenant Count Arco Valley. Peace Conference Economists Discover New Scheme to |ffake Boche Settle ; Paradox ical Plan May Be Solution. By J. AV. T. MASON. New York, Feb. 27.—Economists at tached to tile Paris peace conference have discovered a method of exacting an Immediate indemnity from Ger many by compelling the German gov ernment to float a bond issue in the allied countries. This is a new departure In war pay ments. It presents the paradox of the allies paying to themselves the indem nity owing them by Germany. Never theless, the proposal can be effectively worked out and Is probably the only means whereby the immediate neces sities of the victorious nations can be fastened upon the shoulders of the German people. By this novel experiment In na tional financing, if the United States' share of the first Indemnity were a billion dollars, the German govern ment would offer a billion dollar bonds for sale in the American market. The bonds would bear a high rate of inter est—perhaps 6 per cent. They would be guaranteed In the final analysis by the ultimate ability of all the alliés to prevent Germany from repudiating her foreign debts. ITALIAN TOWNS RAZED \ BY LANDSLIDES; GREAT DAMAGE, NO LIFE LOSS Messina, Italy, Feb. 27.—Eighteen towns between Tortoricl and Castcl lumberto have been damaged and scores of farms wiped out by landslides resulting from heavy rains, according to advices received here today. There lias been no loss of life owing to the fact that the inhabitants had been warned in advance. The property damage amounts to millions of dollars. Two hills sliding together burled 75 houses in the Tortoricl district; 45 be tween Ban Piero and Platti and 50 near Castellumbeçto. URGES EXTRA SESSION. Washington, Feb. 27.—President Wilson was asked to call an extra ses sion of congress March 5 In a resolu tion offered to the senate today by Senator Frazee, Maryland, Republi can. Democratic objection prevented immediate consideration. HOPES 8INN FEIN PLOT FAILS. Dublin, Feb. 27.—"I hope the plot be ing hatched In London to create an other Sinn Fein rebellion In Ireland will fall," said Lord Mayor O'Neil dur ing hia Inauguration address here to day. FOR WAR BOND REDEMPTION. Washington, Feb. 27.—An amend ment to the- victory loan bill, which would authorise the government to redeem liberty bonda at par plus ac crued interest In amounts limited to $500, was offered by Benator Jones, Washington, today. TO QUIT MOTHER CHURCH. Cleveland, O., Feb. 27.—Cessation of the Russian Orthodox church in Amer ica from the mother church In Russia was to be completed today by the elec tion of 12 priests as a council to ad minister affairs in thin country. REPORT JAPAN HURLS WAR DEFY AT CHINA; ALLIES' AID IS SOUGHT New York Bureau Hears Nipponese LFa* Threat* to Grab Germany's Commercial Rights. New, York, Feb. 27—Tho Far Eastern bureau, representing Am erican interests In the Orient, to day made public the following cable from Shanghai, which was sent to Chinese newspapers here; "The Japanese government has notified the government that un less China complies with provi sions of the Japanese-Chlnese treaty regarding acquisition of Germany's commercial rights in China, the Japanese government will be obliged to deal with the matter forcibly." The cable stated the Japanese declaration was regarded by the Chinese government as a virtual ultimatum and that China has asked the United States and Great Britain for aid. - The demand was said to have been presented to the Chinese government between February 16 and 20. The Far Eastern bureau took no responsi bility for the authenticity of the report. I Mann, Gillett and Campbell in Race for Speakerships Ac curate Forecast Impossible With Claims Conflicting. Washington. Feb. 27.—Republican members of the next house of repre sentatives will meet tonight to choose the party's candidate for the speaker ship of the next congress. AV'hlle the formal election of a speaker does not occur until the 66tli congress convenes, the man chosen to night wljl get the majority party sup port and so will be practically certain of elevation to the speaker's chair. The three Republican candidates for the house's highest office are Repre sentative Frederick Gillett of Massa chusetts, James R. Mann of Illinois, and Phil Campbell of Kajisas, 'who en tered the race only Monday. All three are claiming election, but electioneering by the tnree factions was continuing today without apparent abatement. Conflicting claims of the three can didates and their managera make any accurate forecast difficult today. The votes claimed by the Mann and Gillett managers total more than trie Republican membership of the next house. TO ATTEND WIL80N PARLEY. San Francisco, Feb. 27.—Mayor Rolph started for Washington today to attend the conference of governors and mayors called by President Wilson to discuss unemployment and busi ness conditions. THb WEATHER Forecast for Boise and vicinity: FAIR AND CONTINUED COLD TO NIGHT and FRIDAY. For Idaho: Tonight and Friday, fair; continued cold. Highest temperature yesterday, 44. Lowest temperature this morning, 30. Mean temperature yesterday, 22. POINTS EMPHASIZED BY WILSON IN TALK WITH CONGRESSMEN Serious oomplieations will oc cur in tho near futura unless tha league ie forrrved. Deepair will grip tha world if America abandons the league plan. The league will extend and strengthen, not destroy tho Mon roe doctrine. Disarmament depends largely on the good faith of nation*. Tho United 8tates will bo re luctant to become a mandatory over any nation. Great Britain will have fiv* votes in tho full league but only one in the executive council. Ireland will not be represent ed as a separate nation. iFFIESIDENT TDSFEIK NG0T0I0UIM10CH4; WHIT TIFT TO TU Great Non-partisan Demonstra tion Planned for Event; Ex ecutive Visits Capitol Today to Spepd Up Legislation. Washington, Feb. 27.—President Wilson this afternoon will begin his campaign to break the legisla tive jam in congress. The presi dent will go to the capitol imme diately after the parade in his hon or hero this afternoon, Secretary Tumulty announced. Washington, Feb. 27.—President Wilson today nominated Norman E. Hapgood, former editor of Col lier'# Weekly, as American min ister to Denmark. Washington, Feb. 27,—The naval appropriation bill carrying about (900,000,000, was favorably re ported to the senate today. Washington, Feb. 27.—The house today agreed to the conference re port on tho oil leasing bill. Washington, Feb. 27.—The sen ate finance committee today voted to report favorably the victory loan bill without amendment, as passed by the house. Washington. Feb. 27.—President Wilson hus definitely decided to speak In New York Tuesday night, March 4. Secretary Tumulty announced today. I A great non-partisan demonstration 'for the league of nations will be made I In connection with the address and ef forts will be made to have William Howard Taft speak with the presi dent. It was stated at the white house that the president would be particular ly pleased if former President Taft would consent to make an address at the same time. WELCOMING PLANS. Plans are being made in New York to welcome the president through a nonpartisan committee headed by Gov ernor Alfred E. Smith of New York and a Republican delegate. President Wilson's decision to speak there came as un acceptance of an invitation ex tended by Governor Smith. The president is speeding up his work today more than ever and is confident that he can leave Wash ington, March 4, it was stated. The president hopes to have all matters settled so that he may leave immediately after signing the last bill passed by congress, when It adjourns at noon, March 4. RUSH LEGISLATION. Administration senate leaders set out today to get as much legislation through the present session as they can, without hoping for a complete clean-up of the big appropriations. Democratic Leader Martin expects the army and navy bill to fail, he ad mitted. The responsibility, Jf they do fall, will rest on senate Republicans, Martin said. They have threatened to "debate very fully" every provision of these two bills. DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL COMMITTEE MEN WILL CONFER WITH WILSON Washington, Feb. 27—President Wilton hat invited Demoeratio national oommittee members to a luncheon at the Whits Houaa to morrow, after which ho will con fer with them on party matters. Tho president does not plan to deliver any address to tho com mittee men, but simply to oonfor with ^hem informally about the general situation throughout tho country. It is expected, howovor, that plans will be outlined for ad vocating support of tho president's league of nation* by a series of speeches throughout tho country while the president is in Franca. VAN LOAN IMPROVED. Philadelphia, Feb. 27.—"Somewhat Improved" was the condition today of Charles E. Van Loan, humorist and famous writer, confined In the Ablng ton hospital here suffering from chron ic nephritis, according to George H. Lorlmer, editor in chief of the Satur day Evening Poet. | X MONROE POLICY NOTPERILEDBY LEAGUE, WILSON SAYSTOSOLONS Makes Plain Personal Position on Provisions at White House Parley; Declares Monroe Doctrine Made Stronger. EACH CONTESTED CLAUSE IS CAREFULLY EXPLAINED Disarmament Possibly Only if Absolute Good Faith Shown; Denies Britain Will Have Ad vantage in Voting Power. By L C MARTIN. Washington, Feb. 27 — President Wilson's own interpretation of tha league of nations constitution was placed before congress today. It was presented Informally to house and senate members by the foreign rela tions committee of the two bodies. They received It from the présidant last night at a dinner and conference at the White House. It will be given more formally to the senate In speeches of the almlnls tratlon leaders. Absolute freedom to make public every detail of last night's conference was explicitly given those attending It, they said today. At the very outset, the president Invited full, frank discussion of the league by congress and the country. POSITION MADE PLAIN. The president's position on provi sions about which debate has centered was made plain In answer to questions asked him by the guests, they said to day. The president did i\pt take up the league constitution article by article and expound It, nor did he make a speech. He Invited questions aAd then answered them. In view of the president's evident desire that congress and the people get all possible Information concern ing the workings of the projected league, those attending the dinner and conference talked freely today. The president's Interpretation, aa It apeared to the committee member* and as stated by them to the United Press, Is given herewith: MONROE DOCTRINE. The proposed league extends the Monroe doctrine to the entire world and thus would strengthen instead of weaken or destroy this traditional American policy. MANDATORIES. The provision for states' mandatory to supervise, guide and guard former colonies of Germany or her allies doe* tot compel any nation to assume the task of mandatory against its will. In this connection the president stated, according to committee mem bers, that numerous requests have been made that the United States act as mandatory In the cases of a num ber of countries. But It will be with the greatest reluctance that this country undertake such work, the president Is quoted as saying. He In dicated, it was stated that if this country does become a mandatory Armenia Is likely to be the object of our care. The mandatory plan was adopted, committee members quoted the presi dent as saying, because of the obvious difficulties of outright annsxatlons. DISARMAMENT. Effective disarmament in the presi dent's view, as stated by members, depends upon (1)—The good faith and honor of nations of the league and (2) —Enforcement of the provision against general private manufacture of arms, munitions and war material. Each nation Is the judge of the pro (Contlnued on Page Two. «ILS OF LME Women in Gotham Start Cru sade Against Display of Things Worn, Not Seen. New York, Feb. 27.—America's home coming soldiers, having escaped un scathed the dangers of battle and Paree's Midinettes, must be protected from the demoralizing influence of gauze lingerie, women's B. V. D.'s and other things to be worn, not seen, now being modestly displayed In Fifth av enue show windows, the women's Re publican club has ruled. Four hundred thousand woman's club members in the country will be enlisted In the fight against the evil of transparent chiffon and Georgette crepe underwear, even when dteplayed on perfectly harmless wax figures, tha decent dress committee has decided. "I understand that the French gowns which are coming are even worse," Mre. J. Griffith Went* satd today. "But X don't know how they can be." Then ahe divided Now York into five districts arid sent her crusaders to Interview window decorators and that* bosses.