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FIRST WZATHZZ SUNDAY. Hill) or mow tonight _ and Sunday, VOL. Tt.n BOISE, IDAHO, SATURDAY. MARCH 1, 1919 No.46 7,354,000 Fighting Men Pa the Supreme Sacrifice FUUSÏÏR BY U FOLLETTE IS BECti AGAINST Ml LEASE BILL Wisconsin Senator Starts Talk fcst as Bar to Passage of Measure; Action Perils Other Vitally Important Measures. OPPOSES ENACTMENT OF BILLS AT LAST MOMENT Republicans, Nonplussed by Sudden Attack, Call Parley to Consider Matter; Widely at Variance as to Wisdom. Washington, March 1.—LaFol lette and Senator Robinson, Arkan sas, appeared on the verge of a personal encounter, following a tilt when Robinson attempted to break up LaFollette f s speech. Robinson, white with ang6r, seat ed himself directly across the aisle from LaFollette and leaning for ward in his chair exchanged whis pers with LaFollette. LaFollette shook his fingers in Robinson's face, whereat the latter seemed to restrain himself with difficulty. LaFollette announced that he would refuse to yield the floor to Robinson again. Washington, March 1.—Senator L*a Follette this afternoon announced to the senate that a filibuster against the oil leasing bill conference repctt is on. While La Follette was speaking, Re publican leaders called a conference for 5:30 to decide what they will do. They made it plain that La Folle.tto's filibuster was in no sense an organized movement by the Republicans, but was his own idea upon which he decided more than 10 days ago, when the con ference report on the oil bill was first presented. La Follette declared that ''from this time on through this session or any other session of which I may be a member, no important piece of legislation will get through if it is possible to stop it when ths conference report is brought in V the closing days of the ses sion." This announcement dearly rn^ans senators said, that La Follette has no Intention of letting the bill pass. SET FOR LONG TALK. La Follette is known to have, pre pared to talk for days if necessary. If his filibuster is not broken it means that the Victory loan and all other appropriation bills will fail of passage this session. The La Follette filibuster is distinct from a proposed obstructive campaign designed by some other Republicans to block the Victory loan bill. La Follette's move may make It un necessary for other Republicans to de cide whether they will engage in such a filibuster. They were widely at va riance as to its wisdom up to the hour when La Follette began speak ing. La Follette's filibuster began at 1:40 p.'m. During his protracted speech he recited the origin and history of the senate rule against applause, which he has repeatedly violated dur ing recent debates on the league of dations. TO CURB INSANE MAN. La Follette's explanation followed an outburst of laughter at his witty re ply to an Interruption. He urged the chair not to rebuke the galleries, add ing *that the rule, which was adopted after an insane man r*$n amuck in the senate once, is now frequently violated by senators themselves. Senator Shafroth of Colorado. Demo crat, Interrupted, but was shut off when ba launched Into an answer to La FolWtte. "The Senator can answer these when I am through," La Follette said. "Will t\je senator consent to desig nate a tin\e when he will be through?" Shafroth ;Vsked. •'Hardly,- answered La Follette. nr- CROWDER TO AID CUBA REVISE ELECTION LAWS Washington, March 1.—Judge Advo cate General Crowder will leave soon for Cuba to asslit that government in revising its election laws preliminary to the forthcoming elections, Secretary of War Baker haq announced. REPORT SCHEt QUITS EE IMANN [RT CABINET London, March •gsney dispatch fr day reported tl Scheidemann had alae said that othar movamanta in nanL 1.-—A nawa Holland to Chancallor It waa olutionary are imml LOUISIANA SENATOR TO VOTE FOR SUFFRAGE IF ISSUE OOMES UP AOAIN Additional Ballot Mean. C.rt.in Pas aaga of Amendment Should Re.o lution Got Another Chance. Washington, March 1.—Senator Gay, Louisiana, today announced his support of the woman suffrage resolution, Introduced yesterday by Senator Jones, New Mexico. Gay's support insures passage of the res olution at this session if an oppor tunity can be found to bring it up, Senator Jones said. A joint resolution proposing a woman's suffrage amendment to tho constitution was favorably re ported today by the house commit tee on woman suffrage. ■ It provides that "the right to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state on account of sex." Baker announced after the com mittee meeting that he would at tempt to bring up the resolution in the house before final adjournment Tuesday. TURMOIL RAGES INWASHINGTON; VITAL BILLS ARE IN DIRE DANGER - j I .. , „, , . _ . Law Makers otnve to Bring Order Out of Chaos ta Choked Legislation, Bitter Partisan Feud Also Delays. : Washington, March 1.—The sen ate judiciary committee today fa forably reported the nomination of A. Mitchell Palmer as attorney general. By L. C. MARTIN. Washington, March 1—Fierce tur moil raged today on capitol hill where the 65th congress is expiring, a mass of legislation choked the legislative channels while a bitter partisan feud was on between Republican senators and President Wilson. The session ends at noon Tuesday and in the in terim the following vital measures are in doubt: Victory loan bill, army, navy, In dian, agricultural, sundry, civil and railroad appropriation bills. Democratic leaders conceded to day that some of these will not pass. The big question with them was: Will the victory loan bill be blocked? FILIBUSTER POSSIBLE. This loan provides $7,000,000,000 through notes and certificates for carrying on the government until the new taxes come in. Some Republicans heartily favored filibustering against the bill while others were afraid that if they de feated It President Wilson would tell the country that his. political op ponents, for personal purposes, saw fit to Htop the wheels of government. The effect of such a statement, some Republicans felt, would be disastrous. Senator Simmons, finance commit tee chairman, announced he will do all he can to pass the luun bill tonight. MAY CONTINUE SESSION. Senator Lewis, administration whip, said if necessary the senate would be kept in continuous session. If the fight on the loan bill proves as long drawn out as now appears probuble the army and navy bills to which the Republicans are opposed may not be called up. Administration Democrats agreed to forego speeches on the league of na tions so that nothing might hamper the progress of the loan bill. Demo crats hostile to the president, how ever, planned to speak on the league. HOUSE FAVORS REPEAL OF TAXES ON CERTAIN SEMI-LUXURY ITEMS Washington. March 1.—The house today passed a resolution to repeal the semi-luxury taxes in the new revenue bill. Some of the taxee the house would repeal are those on carpets and rugs costing more than 85 per square yard; those on women's hats costing more than $15 each; those on men's and boys' hats cost-ng more than $5; those on shoes costing more than $10 a pair, and those on pajamas and underwear costing more than $5 each. costing more than $5 each. QUITS R. R. BOARD TO HEAD MOVIE COMBINE Washington, March 1.—Oscar Price today resigned as assistant to the di rector general of railroads, effective April 1. Price leaves to become presi dent of the United Artists' corporation, an organization of film stars, lsd by CbarLs Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks,. Mary Plokford and D. W. Griffith. KNOX DECLARES LEAGUE PERILS INDEPENDENCE OF THE NATION Former Secretary of State Charges Covenant Does Not Prevent Wars but "Sanctions and Commends Them." SAYS PLAN UNDERMINES BULWARKS OF AMERICA Favors Making Nation That En gages in War an Internation al Criminal; Urges Establish ment of World Court. Washington, March 1. — Senator Knox, Pennsylvania, secretary of state under tho Taft administration, addod his voice today to the heavy Republi- can assaults upon President Wilson's league of nations covenant. Declaring the proposed draft docs not abolish or prevent wars, but "does sanction and commend them," he assailed it as an Instrument "undermining the bul- warks of our protection, robbing this nation of its sovereignty and even threatening our Independence of life." Knox attended the president's league of nations dinner Wednesday night. He urged that discussion of the league of tSlÄSK.-« down hia own formula for it. AT UNTOLD SACRIFICE. "If the people of the United States not a clamorous few of them, but great majority—desire to establish true league of nations," he said, "if they feel either the need or the desir ability of creating an organization to stop war and not expand territorial possessions, and if they are willing to make the present necessary sacrifice In independence and sovereignty and the inevitable future sacrifice of untold American treasure and life, then we may proceed." The first article of Knox's proposed constitution would provide "that war Is hereby declared to be an interna tional crime and that any nation en gaging in war, except in self-defense when actually attacked, shall be pun ished by the world as ah international criminal." It should set up an international code to be administered by an inter national court, Knox said. WOULD DEFINE WAR. The code would define what war is and discriminate between aggressive and defensive war. "This code also would provide that one nation could not summon another before the international court except (Continued on Page Two. DECIDE FORT STRIKE New York Boatmen and Em ployers' Counsel to\3onfer on Problem; Both Sides Are Op posed to Macy Award. New York, March 1—Settlement of the threatened strike today hinges on the outcome of a conference of boat men and counsel for the employers to be held this afternoon. Paul Bonynge, counsel for the own ers, announced his readiness to com promise with the union leaders on the question of increased wages. Both sides continued to maintain their op position to the award of V. E. Macy, war board mediator, which gave the men an eight-flour day, but no wuge increase. It was believed Bonynge would of fer the men a substantial increase In the event their waiving the eight hour day. Even should the strike be called the union leaders have agreed to allow ferries, naval tugs and other necessary harbor cruft to operate. They declared they have no Inten tion of Interfering with boats carry ing food to sick and wounded or to hospitals or with returning troop ships. rnDriDU nan nnan un a rUnCluN nAILKUAU BOLSHEVIKS ANGLE FOR Stockholm, March 1.—The Russian ■ Soviet government has Issued a decree stating that owing to its Inability to | operate certain industries, concessions [will be granted to foreigners, er&e daily In railway construction, accord ling to a dispatch from Petrograd. JUGO-SLOVAKS AND ITALY ARE ON WAR VERGE OVER ADRIATIC America Chief Factor for Avert ing Threatened Break; Can Cut Off Supplies and Render Impotent Both Countries. ITALIANS HAVE CLOSED THEIR ENTIRE FRONTIER Paris Conferees Consider Mat ter Informally but no Action Taken; Trouble May Mean Fixing of Boundary Lines. London, March 1.—Tho corre spondent of the London Nawa stated today that tho new econom ical council reported to the su preme war council that a prelimi nary peace must be concluded at once with Germany or tho block ade raised. The recommendation, it was said, was based on the re port of 14 British officers reveal ing the seriouanesa of the situation in the central powers. By FRED S. FERGUSON. Paris, March 1.—America stands to day as the chief factor for averting the latest threatened European war. The squabble between the Italians and the Jugo-Slavs for control of the Adriatic has reached a stage bordering on actual hostilities. Both countries, however, are dependent on America, economically. In case open warfare results, America will immediately cut off their supplies of food and money, rendering them practically impotent, it was understood from reliable sources. Just how near Italy and Jugo-Slavia are to an armed clash is evidenced by the fact the Italians have closed the entire frontier, as established by the Austrian armistice, giving as their rea son that they '"do not wish to have to resort to military action In occupying tho territories consented to in the ar mistice." FOOD TRAIN ATTACKED. The Italians claim the Jugo-Slavs have 11 divisions mobilized near the border. They say an Italian food train has been attacked and that in one in stance the flag on a train bearing re patriated Italians was torn down and burned. The trouble so far has centered in Laibach. The Italians allege the Jugo slavs forced departure of the Italian military mission which had been sta tioned there in conformity with the armistice for the purpose of revictual ing Jugo-Slavia and Czepho-Slovakia. The Jugo-Slavs explain 1 they based their action on the ground that they have been recognized by the allies, as a result of which Laibach can no long er be considered a part of the empire of Austria-Hungary. The Italians deny that such recognition has yet been granted. > PARI8 WAITS WILSON. The Jugo-Slavs deny the charge that they have ordered a general mobiliza tion and make the counter charge that the Italians have still under arms an army of more than 3,000,000. The peace delegates are understood to be discussing the situation infor mally, but have taken no action. It Is considered probuble that when the general conference convenes again af ter President Wilson's return, it will be necessary to lay down definite boun daries in disputed territories, beyond which no encroachment will be per mitted. Meanwhile, the allies are holding the club of American economic pressure ready. Supplies furnished by the allies to both Jugo-Slavs and Czecho-Slo vakia move through Liabach and If the situation seriously interferes with their movement, it is accetped the club will be wielded. U. 8. TREADS WARILY. Washington. March 1.—The 332nd in fantry, 83rd, Ohio, and West Virginia division, has been ordered to concen träte at Genoa, according to a war de partment dispatch from the Rome mil itary attache today. This is apparently preliminary to an early return home. Behind the con centration order is believed to lie the motive of avoiding difficulties In con nection with Icallan-Jugo-Slav af fairs. VAN LOAN M UNCHANQED. M Philadelphia, March 1.—The condi- \ tlon of Charles B. Van Loan, noted j wrUer ' ls "unchanged," It was an hfcLr'nounced at the hospital here today, I Van Loan la suffering from chronto nephritis and Is seriously 111. ____ 000 poui period a WOOL CONSUMPTION SLUMPS. Washington, March 1.—Wool con sumption In January dropped 34,900, pounds compared with ths same year ag*. DRANUTIC PLOT BUBŒG VILEM'S FLIGHT Sinn Fein Leader's Escape From English Prison Staged a La Comic Opera ; Beautiful Maids, Bewitched Guards, Secret Code, False Key, and He's Gone. Paris, March 1.— P r o v 1 s io n a 1 Irish parliamentary members planned and engineered the escape of Professor Edward de Valera, Sinn Fein leader, from the Jail at Lincoln, England, It was revealed today. Sean O'Kelley, representative of the Irish republic at tho peace con ference, made this public in relat ing the details of Do Valera's flight, which was staged in a way that would furnish an unparalelled plot for a comic opera. The Irish parliament appointed a committee to arrange the Jail delivery, O'Kelley said. A Sinn Feiner, working in a garden near the prison .attracted De Valera's attention and revealed the plans for his escape in a Gaelic song, the wardens, ignorant of the lan guage and being accustomed to the Irish, suspecting nothing. The FfHtLE OF PRESENT paign of 1920 under way in all parties, | Announcement by Senator Kenyon that Progressives plan a meeting to unite on the man they will support for ! the Republican nomination for presi : dent caused a stir in "regular" Repub lican cirçtes. i The question was . being asked today [how the Progressives will settle their : obvious disagreement on the league of [nations, which bids fair to be a cam paign issue in one way or another, in Immediately After Adjournment Solons to Hurry Home to Po litical Pow-Wows ; Minnesota to Stage First One. Washington, March 1.—The end of I this session of congress finds the cam the view of most Washington politi cians. But Progressives are not worrying about the fact that some of them are for the league and others against it. They emphasized the point today that their program Is one of domestic wel fare—the advancements of the inter ests of Americans at home, as distin guished from world affairs. Immediately after adjournment many congressmen of both parties are to hurry home for political pow-wows with their state leaders. The first of these will be held by Minnesota Re publicans on March 7. Will H. Hays, Republican national chairman, will confer with state and county commit teemen and Senator Kellogg plans to attend. Democratic organizations through the national committee plan to begin at once a series of conferences in every state, to lay the groundwork for the 1920 fight. Washington, March 1—Praai dent Wilaon today approvad 16 oongrataional billa and öna joint resolution. The most important meaauree signed were: The postoffioe appropriation bill. Tho measure authorizing re- > sumption of voluntary enlistment in the army. The bill allowing aoldiars. sail ors and marines to retain their uniforms and other equipment. The aot authorizing the pay ment of allotments of enlisted man in casas where disputas have arisen and dependants have con sequently suffered from the dis co ntinuanos. The postofflca bill signed today car ries the appropriation of 8800,000,000 f or the immediate construction of pub n 0 ro ads. Among the bills signed was an act to extend the-time for the completion 0 f the dame across the Savannah river by authority previously granted to thé Twin City Power company. Seven more bills were signed by the president thin afternoon Including the legislative and executive and Judicial appropriation bills. The other* were bills of a minor nature. Postoffice Appropriation and Several Other Important Drafts Become Laws; $200, 000,000 for Boads Provided. Bill singer In a lilting tenor asked the prisoner to obtain an impression of the rear exit. Two of the handsomest univer sity co-eds. were brought from Dublin and disguised at flower girls. De Valera was warned In a code note that February 8 had been set for the date of his es cape. On that date the co-ed. flow er girls started a flirtation with the guards and enticed them from the rear gate. Two men cut a path through the barbed wire bar rier outside the wall. Do Valera, walking through the gate, which had been opened by the false key, calmly entered a watting automobile and was driven away. Pursuit was immediately organ ized by the wardens, who were led astray by four automobiles, packed with Irishmen, which acted as de coys, each taking a different road. I.K. ON AUTOS, BUT NOT Artist Christy Declares Beauty Should Lack Abnormalities; Says Venus Poor Model for Perfectly-Formed Woman. New York, Morch 1—The stream body line, so popular in automobiles, can not be accepted as the model for humans. Howard Chandler Christy, artist told the United Press so today. Christy said it has been recognized that bo far as beauty la concerned the human form should contain no ab normalities. preserving an absolute balance of development. In other words, bulging muscles for men and highly accentuated curves for women most emphatically are not beautiful. This goes for efficiency, too, Christy declared, "since beauty must be prac tical." ''You've got to go deeper than mere physical attributes to obtain real beauty," he said. MU8T EMPLOY GRACE. "Anyone who has a pleasing figure can not be considered beautiful unless he or she ls able to employ this beauty gracefully. It ls Just the same prin ciple on which a person cannot be con sidered intelligent no matter how well educated unless he can use his edu cation effectively. "The Apollo Belvldere would make a good model for the modern man to pattern after, as concerns physique, but the Venus de Milo as a model woman—impossible. "This may be rank heresy" ex claimed Christy, "but personally. I consider the Venus too massive. Her head ls too small for her body. Her waist ls far too large, her hips are out of proportion, her legs—ugh." RIDICULES "36" THEORY. Another superstition that Christy exploded, was the perfect "thirty six." He characterized It as a "catch phrase to catch inexperienced shop pers," and explained that he had seen Just as many perfect "thirty-eights" and perfect "forties." Christy advanced the opinion that the war, with its physical demands on both men and women will result In a greater premium being placed on physical development and will even tually greatly improve the physique of both sexes. The artist was asked what nation ality produced the beBt models. "America," he replied with hesita tion. "The American man has the best physical development In the world and the American woman— why, she's In a class by herself." WHERE DID HE SEE 'EM. Chicago, March X—' They have been covered with drapery ever since I oan remember, and I really don't know when Mr. Christy could have seen them." This was the comment today of George W. Eggers, director of the Chicago Art Insltutte. on Howard Chandler Christy's opinion of the Venus de Milo's legs. Eggers thoroughly approved Chris ty's definition of true human beauty in his interview with the United Press. THE WEATHER Forecast for Boise and vicinity: RAIN OR SNOW TONIGHT AND SUNDAY. For Idaho: Tonight and Sunday, rain or snow. Highest temperature yesterday, 40. Lowest temperature this morning 83. Mean temperature yesterday, 81. HEAVIEST PRICE PAID BY RUSSIA WITH 1,700,000; BOCHESSECOND U. S. Trails List With Loss in Battle and From Wounds of 50,000; Franco Thirds V 385,300, Austria Fourth. DEMOBILIZATION TO DATE TOTALS 1,301,959 YANKS 352,922 Troop Embarkations From France Up to Feb. 20; 2,056,122 Yankees Sent Ov erseas When War Ended. Washington, March 1.—Seven million, three hundred and fifty-four thousand men died In the war, according to the official figures given out today by Chief of Staff March. Russia paid the heaviest price, with 1,700,000 deaths, while Germany was second, France third and the United States last among the great powers. Battle deaths are these occur ring in action and from wounds received in action, Tho totals aside from Russia ram Germany ................1,600,000 Franca ................. 1,335,000 Austria-Hungary ......... 300,000 Great Britain ............ 706,700 Italy ..................... 460,000 Turkey ................... 260,000 Belgium ................. 102,000 Bulgaria ................. 100,000 8erbia and Montenegro.... -100,00 United States ............ 50,000 284,919 LANDED. Demobilizations to date number 77,. 45$ officers and 1,224,507. men .March announced. 'Up to February 30, embarkation* from Prance totalled 352,982 -men, of whom 284,919 have landed. American ships carried 70 per cent of these men and British vessels 21 per cent. Up to the signing of the armistice, 2,056,122 men had been sent overseas, of which number the British carried 1,047,374, America 898,449, and other nations a comparatively email amount. CROSSES AWARDED. A table of awards of distinguished service crosses showed the Second division received 664, the First 300, Third 233, 26th 229, 42nd 205, 30th 177, Fifth 163, 29th 150, 77th 146, 27th 139, 32nd 134, 91st 154. 89th 97, 79th 80, 33rd 76, Fourth 66, 2»th 58, 90th 67, 80th 42. 82nd 24, 70th 30. 37th 25, 36th 24, 62nd 21, 81st 19, 35th IT, Sixth, Tenth and 88tb, 1. FOR EARLY TRANSPORT. Washington, March 1—The follow ing organizations have been assigned to priority; Twelfth engineers; ordinance casual Companys 22 to 29; 86th aero squad ron; base hospitals 68, 26, 70, 9, 1, 67, and the following tank corps units: brigade headquarters 304th brigade; medical detachments of the 303rd, 328th, and 844th battalions and medi cal detachment and casual detach ment of the 321st repair and aalvag* company. The following organization of the 30th division have also been assigned to priority: Division headquarters and head quarters detachments; headquarters troops; division postal detachment; division gas defense unit; 118th ma chine gun battalion; ,69th Infantry brigade headquarters 117th, 118th, 119th, and 120th infantry regiments; 114th machine gun battalion; (0th In fantry brigade headquarters; 115th machine gun battalion; 105th en gineers regiment and train; 106th sanitary and supply train and train headquarters; 30lb military police; I06th field battalion; signal corps 108th mobile veterinarian section; 37th and "fth sanitary squads; 66th field artillery brigade headquarters; 113th 114th and 115th fUld artillery regi ments; 106th mobile ordnance repair shops; 106th ammunition train; sal vage unit It. The following organizations of the 18th engineers; headquarters and companies B, O, D, F; 182nd asm squadron; 341st aero squadron; 300th aero squadron; base hospital It. The following transportation corps Companys: Companies 90, 81, It, 104, 107, 106. 108, 92. 93, 94. 95, 9«. 9«, 101, 20, 129. Ths first, second, third and fifth Companys of the 30th engineers are also on priority. WILSON APPROVES PLAN TO AID SAN DIEGO, CAL Washington, March 1.— Présidant Wilaon today approved a bill granting the city of Ban Diego, Cal., certain lande In the Cleveland national forest and the Caplt&n Grand Indian reserva tion for dam and reservoir purpose* for the conservation of water.