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FIRST EVENING CAPITAL NEWS WEATHER MONDAY. Fair tonight ani Tuesday; coldor . VOL. XLn. BOISE, IDAHO, MONDAY, MARCH 3, 1919. * No. 48 PUNISHMENT OF FORMER KAISER DOUBTFUL; ADS TO GET THEIRS' Hundreds of Names on List Booked for Trial As Guilty of War Crimes, But Leaders May Escape. | "TWAS STATE POLICY" TO SAVE BOCHE HIGHER-UPS % -- Ludendorff and Hindenburg Also Likely to Go Free; Sev eral Turkish Officers Are Al ready Under Arrest. By LOWELL MELLETT. (Copyright 1919, by United Press) Paris, March 3.—The greatest grand Jury indictment the world has ever Been will soon be returned. The commission investigating the responsibility for crimes committed during the war was expected today to submit its report by Saturday. The true bill will contain hundreds of names ranging from lieutenants to of ficers of the highest rank. Against each will be charged, in detail the crimes he is alleged to have commit ted against humanity. WILHELM TOPS LIST. If the present purpose of the commission remains unchanged the name of Wilhelm Kohenzollern will lead all the rest. But at the same time, the United Press was authoritatively advised that it has been practically concluded that it will be impossible to visit direct punishment on the former kaiser. Men like General Ludendorff and Field Marshal von Hindenburg are likely to escape for the same rea son. Although it is possible to establish their responsibility as the men higher up, it is impossible to disregard the fact that all their acte can be defended on the ground that they were carrying Out the policies of the state. The highest ranking officials, deemed certain of being punished, are the for mer military governors of various cit ies and districts who had arbitrary au thority over the lives of enemy citi Bens, and who abused their powers or allowed subordinates to do so. THESE TO BE TRIED. These, of which there are hundreds, will be tried before an international tribunal which the commission will recommend, be formed under the sanc tion of the league of nations. This tribunal is expected to sit for the next several years, hearing evidence in in dividual cases, passing judgment and fixing penalties as fast as completed. A permanent prosecuting committee la also planned. In just what manner warrants will be served and arrests made, has not been determined, however. When the commission's list is turned over to the peace conference, it is expected it will be kept secret until as many as pos sible are arrested. Later the names and pictures of those not found will be •furnished to the rogues' galleries in all countries. SOME ALREADY HELD. The commissioners are confident that practically all the accused will be rounded up eventually and be com pelled to face the tribunal. Some ar rests have already been made, notably a number of Turkish officers who are being held under the court and are ready to hear their cases. "We have some knowledge of the atrocities that had been committed but the detailed evidence placed before us, made our blood run cold," one mem ber of the commission said. "One is inclined to say at first that men of that kind should be boiled in oil but it is better for the world tftat they be given fair trials and the most impar tial justice. That is our purpose." E Illinois Solon Says "Pandora's Box of Evils to Empty Upon American People." Washington, March 3 . —"Pandora's box of evil to empty upon the Ameri can people, the aggregated calamities of the world," was a description of the league of nutlons constitution given the senate today by Senator Sherman, Illinois. Sherman condemned President Wil son as either a usurper or a dictator. Senator McCumber, North Dakota, took Republican opponents of the league sharply to task in a speech fol lowlngx Sherman. ' "Some might be misled Into believ ing the Republicans of the United States are opposed to any league of free people to prevent war," said Mc Cumber. "I think a great many Re publicans are not of this view. They want a league very fervently because they do not want the world ever again 30 see the atrocltiee that the Hun com mitted In the past four years." j WILSON SIGNS MEÀSURE VALIDATING WAR PACTS Illegally completed Bill Amount* to Z/z Billion Dollar*, Aotion Expected to Este Present Business Stagnation. Washington, March 3.—The president today signed the bill validating Informal war contracts amounting to about two and a half billion dollars. The delay on war manufactures In receiving their payments on these contracts has been given ns one cause for business stagnation. Signing of this bill will be an nounced at the conference of gov ernors and mayors, as an Indica tion the government wishes to re lieve immediately the business sit atlon. The president also signed the rivers and harbors bill carrying about 333,000,000. Three other minor bills were also signed. DETERMINE FATE OF Spartacans Reported Gaining Ground Even Among Major ity Socialists ; Partial Recog nition Given Soviet. Berne, March 3.—The Berlin Tageblatt announces th«t all pub lic service employes in that city will strike Wednesday in sympa thy with the strikers in central Germany. Paris, March 3.—An uncon firmed report was received here today that a republic had been proclaimed in Luxerburg^ and that Grand Duchess Charlotte had fled. Copenhagen, March 3.—Life or death of the present German government is pxpected to be determined this week on the question of political recognition of the soviets, according to dispatches received from Berlin today. The, Spartacans were said to be gaining ground, even among the Majority So cialists. Great demonstrations were planned for Berlin and a general strike may be proclaimed. Colonel Rein hardt, military commander, declared the strikes would be suppressed by all possible means. The Vorwacrts has demanded that the cabinet resign unless the national assembly grants the workers' ''justi fied demands." The government has issued a proc lamation stating it will not support the demands for nationalization of all industries. SOME RECOGNITION. By FRANK J. TAYLOR. Berlin, March 3.—The German gov ernment today partially recognized the Soviets. In a frantic effort to prevent the general strikes from becoming a na tion-wide revolution, the cabinet is sued a proclamation admitting social and economic control of the industries of the workmen's councils but promis ing stringent punishment for further disorders. The workers, dissatisfied with their half way measure, were insisting on full political recognition, threatening an uprising within a week that will be of power to overthrow the government. A general strike in Berlin appeared imminent today. The Bourgeoisie councils threatened retaliation strikes. Patrols here have been doubled. Riots are reported to he continuing in Leipzig and Haile. In Munich, a number of casualties resulted when troops ousted Sparta cans from several industrial plants. WANT DEBS, MOONEY AND OTHER "PERSECUTED" TO BE FREED FROM PRISONS Detroit, Mich., March 3.—Resolu tions for the release of Debs, Mooney, Haywood and other "political and In dustrial" prisoners were adopted at a meeting under the uuspices of the Political Amnesty league here last night. The chief speakers were George R. Vanderveer of Seattle, counsel in many I. W. W. cases, and Seymour Stedman, Chicago attorney. Both pleaded for tho organization of an international democracy by the workers as a sub* 1 stitute for the political democracy "tle ' nled them." Many secret service men were sprinkled through the audience of 4000. THh WEATHER Forecast for Boise and vicinity— FAIR TONIGHT AND TUESDAY; CODDER TONIGHT. For Idaho—Tonight fair and colder; Tuesday fair. Highest temperature yesterday.... 47 Lowest temperature this morning.. 32 I Mean temperature yesterday 42 LITTLE CHANCE FOR SENATE ID FUSHUP WITH A CLEAN SLATE Opening of Last Legislative Finds Vital Appropriation Bills Far From Passage; Re publicans Uncertain. BOTH HOUSES TO REMAIN OPEN TILL NOON TUESDAY Some Minority Leaders Warn of Filibuster, but Impression Prevails Passage of Victory Loan Bill Broke Spirit. By L. C. MARTIN. Washington, March 3.—Supply bills totalling more than 32,659,000,000 to day appeared doomed as the house and senate were on the final lap of the session. Senate Republicans affirmed their determination to stop all appropria tion bills except the deficiency bill carrying 3750,000,000. If this program is adhered to the end of congress to morrow at noon will find the follow ing measures still to be acted on: ' Army bill $1,117,000,000. Navy bill $625,000,000. Agricultural $37,000,000. Indian $15,430,000. District of Columbia $13,983,000. Sundry civil bill $850,000,000. TALKFESTS CONTINUE. The money appropriated by these bills must be provided for by June 30, or the department's will not have any thing to work with. Although the railroad deficiency bill was ostensibly before the senate, the opening hours showed no progress on it. Speeches on the league of nations and the Ford-Newberry elections' con test delayed the senate from real business. Efforts of suffragists to get their amendment on the calendar were blocked again by Senator Weeks, Mass. Senator Meyers, Montana, tried in vain to get up Secretary Lane's bill providing reclamation work so that soldiers and sailors might have farm homes. WON'T HELP SOLDIERS. This was the signal for an at tick by Gronna, North Dakota, who said the bill was not so much for the benefit of the soldiers as for those who want to reclaim the dismal swamps and country. "Everything is for the soldiers these days," said Gronna. "Under that plea many attempts are on foot to loot tho treasury. This bill won't help soldiers; it will make paupers of them by stick ing them on useless land with a few thousand dollars and a gov ernment mortgage around their necks." Both houses will remain in practi cally continuous session from today until noon tomorrow. The final hours promised to climax fittingly the work of the "war con gress," which has broken all records for money spent, unusual laws passed and work left undone. Interest centered In the senate as to how many appropriation bills the Re publicans would force over to the ex tra session. The general impression among both Democrats and Republicans early to day was that the army and navy, ag riculture and District of Columbia ap propriation bills would fail of pas sage. Republicans were reticent. They re fused to announce plans, pointing out Republican ranks are not completely united as to what should be done. "WHAT'S THE USE?'' While the spirit of 'fight the presi dent'' is strong in some Republicans, others today wore a "what's the use" expression, due, they said, to what they termed their party's surrender on the Victory loan bill, regarded as the only measure failure which might mean an extra session. Failure of Republicans to unite in a determined filibuster against the pres ident was regarded by some as throw ing away the fruits of the victory gained at the polls last November. The senate today had before it the defi ciency bill providing 3760,000,000 for the' railroads and about 326,000,000 for miscellaneous ipurposes. Democratic leaders expected this bill to pass, but admitted today it is the only one of the remaining supply bills which they are at ail hopeful about. The legislative situation Is full ot possibilities, observers pointed out, and Inasmuch as the deficiency bill is not generally expected to occupy nearly all the day and a half which remains, tt was predicted tn some quarters that administration leaders might decide to force an Issue witn Republicans on all the bills. FILIBUSTER POSSIBLE. In that event, If Republicans carry out the threats they made Sunday when they yielded on the Victory loan bill, they will filibuster. Many of them have views on the league of nations which they have so far refrained 'rom expressing. Senator Sherman of 111' - nols has already annoanced he will devote several hours to discussing it. (Continued on Page Two. YANKEE OFFICERS MADE TARGET OF MOB INSULT IN BERLIN CELEBRATION Boche Civilians Hist and Jeer Unof fending Americans—Attempt to Wreck General's Auto. By FRANK J. TAYLOR. Berlin, March 2.—American of ficers were th* target for a hos tile demonstration by German civ ilians today. During tha recaption to General von Lettow, former German com mander in Africa, the officers wer* quietly watching tha parade from American headquarters in the Hotel Adlon. Tho crowd sudden ly began to jeer, hias and shout at them. The police experienced groat difficulty in restoring order. During the height of the demon stration, several civilians rushed at General Harries' automobile, which was standing unoccupied at the curb, with the intention of de molishing it. Policemen interfered. . The Americans, as well as other allied officers, were compelled to remain inaide the hotel all after noc.ry The mission ordered all allied officers to keep off tho streets until further instructed. E LIFE WHAT IT WILLS Secretary of Labor Wilson Warns of Soviet Threat But Says Danger Eased; Pleads For Business Activity. Washington, March 3.—Opportuni ties for the workers "to make their lives what they should wish them" were urged today before the conference of mayors and governors, jointly by Labor Wilson. Warning of Bolshevist attempts in Seattle and elsewhere to overthrow the existing order of things the labor secretary declared that no country "owes a man a living" but "every country owes him an opportunity to earn a.. Hying," Bolshevist outbreaks have respond ed thus far to the appeal of reason, he said, and added, "the outlook is bright after we provide proper employ ment during the next few months. INVITED TO LUNCH. He urged resumption of building activity throughout the nation. President Wilson invited all the governors and mayors to a buffet lun cheon In the state dining rooms at 1 p. m. "We are certain," Secretary Wilson said, that these disputes were not in dustrial or economic in their origin but were well planned and deliberate attempts to establish the Soviet sys tem of government in the United States. They desired to put Into ef fect here the Bolshevik doctrines of Russia." Turning to the prombem of unem ployment. the secretary declared that apparently 350,000 men are now out of work, with unemployment increas ing because men in industries are un certain as to future prices. SHOULD BE JOB SURPLUS. "The war has kept out 600,000 for eign laborers annually. Shipbuilding has taken 700,000; and at least one million men will be in the army for a year. Therefore, if business could be put back on a peace time basis there would be a shortage of labor." One solution, then, he argued, was for the government to continue In its normal public building. States and counties and cities also should con tinue such work ho said. In discussing difficulties of cancel lation of more than seven billion dol lars in war contracts, Secretary of War Baker announced that work has been definitely suspended on 3500,800, 000 worth. The department's policy, he said, was to Bettle unfinished contracts justly so the contractors could go home with the money in tlielr pockets to start the industrial machinery again on. peace-timo production. Cutting contracts was also carefully consider ed so as to make a minimum of labor disruption, the department always having the labor question uppermost in mind in Its cancellations, he said. TO PAY CONTRACT8. Machinery has now been provided to formalize informal contracts and Baker proposed today to mail all dis trict boards Instructions for validating and paying al contracts held up at the signing of the armistice. Baker estimated that by the end of April 300,000 men a month would be coming home from overseas—a num her equivalent to the maximum ship ped over during the war. He antici pated no sprlous unemployment In crease by reason of this influx. Secretary Daniels outlined the ac tion taken by the navy department to reduce, as far as possible, natton-wlde unemployment. He explained that from the beginning of the war 'the navy department had tried to avoid over-purchasing so as to prjpvent de moralization of the labor market should peace coma suddenly. The navy's plan was always to Keep ma terial on hand to prevent slowing up of war efforts, but asked delivery at the rate of consumption rather than Immediate delivery of a year's supply. GERMANS MUST GIVE OVER REST OF HER NAVY TO ALLIED VICTORS Understood Boche to Be Strip ped of War Power Under New Armistice Terms; Only Police Troops to Remain. PRACTICALLY ALL WAR MATERIALS DESTROYED Warboats Under Construction Must Be Broken Up, U-Boats and Docks Surrendered or Destroyed. By FRED S. FERGUSON. Paris, March 3—The supreme war council today takes up terms of the preliminary peace to be imposed on Germany. At the same time It dis cusses conditions under which -the economic blockade of that country will be partially raised. Conditions under which the block ade is to be modified will, it was un derstood, be ready to put Into effect immediately after the return to Paris of President Wilson, Premier Lloyd George and Premier Orlando. The sep arate peace terms probably will be completed by the first of next month, after which details of the treaties with Austria, Bulgaria and Turkey will be discussed. The military and naval terms to be included In the prelimi nary peace pact will render Germany absolutely powerless to make war, it was learned from authoritative sources. > HUN LEFT HELPLESS. Marshal Focb's report, submitted Saturday, was said to include destruc tion of all German war materials with the exception of arms for a few di visions, which will be left for police duty. The allies will also be given sup ervision over all German munitions factories. The naval conditions were said to Include surrender to the allies of prac tically all that remains of tho German navy. Units to be turned over will bo the battleships Oldenburg. Thüringen. Ostfriesland, Heligoland, Posen, West falen, Rheinland, and the light cruis ers Plllau, Graudenz, Regensburg, Stralsund, Strasberg, Augsberk, Kl'. burg and Stuttgart, 42 modern destroy ers and 50 modern torpedo boita. MUST RAZE DOCKS. Warships under construction will be broken'up. All German submarines, submarine docks and the famous Kiel tubular dock must be surrendered or j destroyed within two weeks after the treaty Is signe 1. Similar work in the process of construction must bo broker, up within three months after pea?e is concerned, though the materials may be used for peaceful purposes. The German naval craft already In terned In allied harbors will be for mally seized. They may be destroyed, although French objection may result in modification of this plan. Tha forti fications of Heligoland wilt be des troyed. Ail Baltic defenses will be razed and the Kiel canal will be open ed to vessels of all nations. IJerchant cruisers and auxiliaries which can be c.nveited inti merchant men will lie ireittd as such. German cables will not oe îeturned and Ger man wireless will be limited to com mercial use. When peace is concluded with Aus tria her fleet of 12 battleships, two cruisers, 10 light cruisers, 19 des troyers, 51 torpedo boats, 23 subma rines and 12 Danube monitors will be handed over. The Turkish and Bul garian navjes will likewise be seized. Chicago Booked As Setting for ® Radicals' Conclave Wherein Plot to Overthrow Govern ment Was to Be Hatched. Chicago, March 3.—I. W. W. mem bers, together with various brands of "reds," intend to form a "council of sovleta" here May X, if their plans are not interfered with, federal officers said today. Philip J. Barry, head of the bureau of investigation of the department of jus tlce, said his office had known the plans for several weeks, and had gath - ered evidence and photne—most dreds of invitation« to a meeting her*, The forming of the soviet council as planned was believed to be an ef fort to duplicate those rvhloh followed the overthrow of the Russian govern-! ment. Officials declared small aelf styled council* already exist, to which every element of discontent ha* aligned itself. xt wns stated that Russians closely' connected with the flrat activities of the Bolshevik! havs been allied with th« starting of the soviet plans her*. President's Address to Governors and Mayors Sîi« The text of the president's speech follows: "Mr. Secretary and gentlemen of the conference: 'T wish that I could promise myself the pleasure and the profit of taking part in your deliberations. I find that .nothing deliberate Is permitted since my return. I have been trying under the guidance of my secretary, Mr.' Tumulty, to do a month's work in a week, and I am hoping that not all of it has been done badly, but Inasmuch as there Is a necessary pressure upjn my time, X know that you will excuse me from taking a part In your con ference, much as I should be profite 1 by so doing. "My pleasant duty is to bid you a very hearty welcome and to express my gratification that so many execu tives of the cities and of states have found the time and the inclination to come together on the very important matter we have to discuss. ' DUTY OF STATE8. "The primary duty of caving for our people in the intimate matters that we want to discuss here, of course. upon the states and upon the municipalities, and the function ot the federal government is to do wnat It is trying to do in a conference of this sort—draw the executive minds of the country together so that they may profit by each others suggestions and plans and so that we may offer our services to co-ordinate thetr e f fort3 In any way that they may deem it wise to co-ordinate. "In other words it is the privilege of the federal government in matters of this sort to be the servants of the executives of the states and munici palities and counties and we shall per form that duty with the greatest plea sure if you will guide us with your suggestions. URGES WIDE SCOPE. "X hope the discussion of this con ference will take as wide a scope as you think necessary, _ ______ We are not to dlscuss any single or narrow subject, We are met to discuss tho proper methods of restoring all the labor con dltlons of the country to normal fecUng" such" fresh allocations of labor and industry as the circumstances may make necessary. "I think I can testify from what I have seen on the other side of the wa ter that we are more fortunate than othe/ nations in respect to these great problems. Our industries have been disturbed and disordered—disorgan ized as compared with a peace basis very seriously, indeed, by the war, but not so seriously as the industries of the other countries and it seems to me, therefore, that we should approach these problems that we are about to discuss with a good deal, of confidence —with a gopd deal of confidence that if we have a common purpose; we can realize that common purpose without serious Insurmountable difficulties. FOR AVERAGE MAN. "The thing that has impressed me most, gentlemen, not only in the re cent weeks, when I have been in con ference of the other side of the water but for many months before I went across the water was this: "We are at last learning that the business of government is to take coun sel for the average man. We are at last learning that the whole matter of the prosperity of peoples runs down in to the great body of the men and wo men who do the work of the world and that the process of guidance Is not completed by the mere success of great enterprise—It is completed only by the standard of the benefit that it confers upon those who in the obscure ranks of life contribute to the success of those enterprises. STIRRED AS NEVER BEFORE. "The hearts of the men, women and children of the world are stirred now P° rt unltles that they ought to have, assisting by public counsel In the prl vate affairs upon which the happiness of men depends. "And ao I am the more distressed that I cannot take part in these coun in a way that has never been known before. They are not only stirred by their individual circumstances bu: they are beginning to get a vision of what the general circumstances of the world are and there is. for the first time in history, an international sympathy which is quick and vital—a sympathy which does not display itself merely in the contact of governments, b.'C dis plays itself in the silent intercourse of «jmp.athv between great bod'*'S that constitute great nations and tho sig ritipance of a conference like this is that we are expressing it and I be lieve will express in the results of tills conference our consciousness that we are the servants of this great silent mass of people who constitute the United States and that, as their serv ants. It Is our bosiness as well as our privilege, to find out how we can best assist In making their lives what they wish them to be, giving them the op ells because nyy present business Is to understand what plain men everywhere want. It Is perfectly understood In Paris that we are not meeting there as the masters of anybody; that we are as the servants of, I believe It is, about 700,000,000 people and that unless we show that we understand the business of servants we will not satisfy them and we will not accomplish the peace of the world, and that If we show that we want to serve any Interest but thelre we will have become candidates for the I lasting discredit that will ever attach to me ntn history. "And ao It is with thla profound feel lng of tho significance of the things you are undertaking that I bid you I welcome, because I believe you have! come together in the spirit which XI have tried to indicate and that we will | together concert method* of co-opera- I tlon and individual action which will really accomplish what ws wlah to see accomplished tn steadying and easing and facilitating the whole labor pro «eases of th* United States." LABOR STATUS MUST BE MET, WILSON TELLS STATE ENVOYS In Welcome Address to Gov ernors and Mayors President Declares Council Must Be Taken for Average Man. CERTAIN UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED Says Decision Must Be Worked Out to Benefit Those Whose Energy and Minds Make In dustries Successful. By ROBERT J. BENDER. Washington, March 3.—President Wilson today, addressing the opening conference of governors and mayors in the east room of the white house, de clared that the business o fthe gov ernment in readjusting Industry In the United States ts to take counsel for the average man. , "The whole matter," he said, "runs down into the plan of the workers," and he added the decision must be worked out to benefit those who con ! tribute their energy and minds to mak j ing industries^ successful. Appearing suddenly before the as sembled state and city executives an ! hour- before he was scheduled to speak, J confidence that through the co-opera li°h of states and cities with the gov ernmsnt, adequate means would be ! f ° und f «r restoring industry to a prop er basis. COMPLETE ASSURANCE. "We are more fortunate in respect to this great problem than the other nations of the world," he said, "and can approach the subject with com plete assurance." His conferences with foreign states men and contact with European peo ple, he stated, had convinced him that ail nations are "at last learning" that the worker is the basic element to be considered in all business. The president regretted that he would be unable to deliberate with the conferees because ' nothing deliberate has been permitted since my return." "With the aid of Secretary Tumulty 1 have been trying to do a month's work in a week*' he said, "and I hope it's not all badly done." He urged the conferees to indulge in a wide scope of discussion, saying that success would not attend the con ference tf It was limited to a narrow subject. PURPOSE OF ALL. The president urged "a decision which will serve the purpose of all." It is evident, he added, that there must be a new allocation of labor in many cases. He emphasized that the con ference must weigh its work carefully because of its International signif). cance. For the first time In history, he said, there Is "ft wide interna tional sympathy with what Is done on this side of the water." Attempts to establish the Soviet system of govern ment in the United States were made j in the recent strikes at Seattle, Law ! rence, Mass.; Butte, Mont.; Paterson, ! S. J., and other industrial centers, j Secretary of Labor Wilson charged be j fore the governors' and mayors' con j ference. I ----------- TIM PORT Transport Great Northern and Cruiser Frederick, From Brest, Dock; Many Sick and Wounded Are on Board. New York, March 8.—More than 4000 officers and enlisted men*ar rlved here today on the transport Great Northern and the cruiser Fred erfbk, both from Brest. The organisations on th* Great Northern were as follows: 349th field artillery, 58 officers and 1028 men, composing the field and staff, head« quarters and supply company, medi cal detachment'and batteries A. B, C and D, men from Camps Dix, Mead*. „ _____, Lee, Jackson, Gordon, Pike. Custer, Taylor and 8herldan and the regular army; IS detached officer* of th* 54th C. A. G. (Camp Davena), two casual oompanies, five casual officer* and MM sick and wonuded soldiers, On the FYederlck were: Third bat« talion headquarters and companies D and I of the 162nd infantry, 10 officer« and 278 enlisted men; 81st Infantry brigade headquarters detachment' 05th, l«8rd, 465th, 635th and lOMth aero squadrons, Mobil* hospital 104 casual oompany of men from Ten nssaee, Indiana and Massachusetts.