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FIRST . PM 5 m nHi WEATHER WEDNESDAY Fair tonight and Wednesday. VOL. XLn. BOISE, IDAHO, TUESDAY, MABCH 4, 1919 Mo. 40 CONGRESS ADJOURNS; BIG BILLS ÜNPASSED League F aces Sure Death in Coming Congress 37 REPUBLICAN SENATORSVOW REJECTION FOR NATION LEAGUE Four More Than Needed Votes to Prevent Ratification of League of Nations' Draft in Its Present Form. LODGE READS OFF NAMES, DEMOCRATS KEEP SILENT Several Republicans Not Con sulted and Majority of These Said to Oppose Covenant; Majority Solons Not Asked. By I., C. MARTIN. Washington, March 4. — President Wilson will carry back to France with him the knowledge that 37 members of thi next senate arc pledged to de feat his league of nations plan in its present form. This number is four more than the S3 votes necessary to prevent ratifi cation of a treaty. Following a night of bitter discus sion, which was still raging against the president at 8 o'clock tills morn ing, a review of the situation disclosed that 37 senators, of whom some will come In next congress, are pledged: "That the league constitution in Its present form should not bo ac cepted by the United States. "That the peace treaty conclud ing the war should be hastened and the league proposal postponed until after the treaty is finished." PRESENTED BY LODGE.» Tills was the substance of a resolu tion preswnted by Senator Lodge, Mass., around midnight. In present ing tile resolution he. was careful to read It so It would be spread on the record. He sent it to the desk with the request for unanimous consent for Immediate consideration. I.ike a flash. Senator Swanson, Vir ginia, objected. Ixrdgo, anticipating this, said: "I now wish to read to the senate the names of the members of the Six ty-fifth congress and members-elect of the Sixty-sixth, who. if they had been given an opportunity, would have voted for this resolution," Amid dead silence from the Demo crats and tile packed galleries, Lodge read the. names of the 37. DEMOCRATS SILENT. There was a hush for a moment after he had finished. Kveryonc turned to the Democratic side expect ing a storm of protest and condemna tion from Democrats—but not a word came. In a moment Senator Tram mel, Florida, began speaking calmly on the general efficiency bill, the pending measure. The senators and senators-elect who signed arc all Republicans. The reso lution was shown to a number of Democrats, but none of them was asked to sign. Those who did sign are: Senator* Lodge, Knox, Sherman, * New, Mosee, Wadsworth, rernald, Cummins, Warren, Watson, Ster- ling, Harding, Erelinghuysen, Page, Hale, Borah, Brandegee, Calder, Penroee, McLean, France, Curtis, Spencer, Townsend, Hi- ram Johnson, Dillingham, Lenroot, Poindexter, Sutherland, Smoot and Gronna, Senators-elect Edge, New Jersey; Keys, New Hampshire; McCormick, Illinois; Phipps, Colo- rado; Newberry, Michigan, and Ball, Delaware. - NOT ALL CONSULTED. Four or five others, absent or a great distance from Washington, had not been reached, Senator Lodge told the senate. He said all would be reached today and those who agreed with the 37 will be added to the list. Republicans who did not sign were: Benators Colt, Kellogg, LaFollette, Mc Cumber, McNary, Nelson, Norris, Kenyon, Jones, and Fall In the present senate, and Capper, senator-elect from Kansas and Klkuns, senator-elect from West Virginia. Of these, opponents of the claim, Kellogg, La Follette, Jones, Fall and Elkins and possibly Nelson are op posed to the present draft of the con stitution. McCumber and Norris are definitely with the administration. Kenyon said today he had answered hundreds of letters from his constitu ents by saying he had an open mind and will return to Iowa to discuss the league with his constituents. Until he has done so, Kenyon said he could not attach his name to any pledge either for or against the league. Cap (Continued on Rage Two.) MEN WHO DRAFTED CONSTUimON OF WORLD LEAGUE __ THAT THE UNITED STATES WILL i ncr.i v REJECT » WQOÆ 59 ® This puoiogrupn of tne commit tee named by the peace conference to draft a' constitution for the pro posed league of hâtions has just been received from Paris, where it PRESIDENT MAY ENTER '20 RACE TO WIN 0. K. ON LEAGUE DRAFT Reported Extremely Bitter Against Lodge For Opposing Covenant; Leaves Washing ton at 2 o'Clock Today. By ROBERT J. BENDER. Washington, March 4.—President Wilson plans to depart from Washing ton at 2 o'clock today in the midst of the bitterest fight of his political ca reer. a r Returning to France to complete his work on a league of nations, he leaves behind him the definite assurance that a sufficient number of Republican sen ators have pledged themselves to de feat ratification of the league if it is presented to the next senate in its present form. The issue is clean cut. Every Repub lican senator who has been seriously spoken of as a presidential possibility has aligned himself against the presi dent's league plan. Borah came out early against the covenant and Hiram Johnson, Harding and Watson, all of whom have booms under way for the Republican presidential nomination, have placed themselves against it, WITH RANK AND FILE. The fate of the league reft» now in the hands of the rank and file of the American peopl^. Qn their decision, when it is finally taken up, will depend alto whether Wil liam Howard Taft and those R*-\ publicans out of congress, who fa vor the present league dooument, will control the Republican party in 1920 or whether Lodge and hie colleagues in the senate will be in the saddle when campaign year rolls around. It was stated by Republicans In the senate today that the idea of approach ing Democratic solons for signatures on the Lodge resolution was abandon ed primarily because the Republicans (Continued on Pafce Two. Salem, Ore., March 4.—James Withy combe, governor of Oregon, died un expectedly at his home here last night. Death came without warning, due to heart failure. The governor gave his life to the state. He had been In poor health for several months, but continued his ex ecutive duties though he was confined to his home during the last two weeks. He was very optimistic about his health, however, yesterday saying he felt better than he had for some time. The secretary of state, Ben W. Ol cott, automatically became governor with the death of the chief executive last night and will also serve as secre tary of state. Governor Wlthysombe was 64 years old. He was born in Devonshire coun ty, England, and lived there on a ten ant farm until 17 years old. He had been a resident of Oregon since 1871. was snapped at the Hotel Crillon. Left to right, sitting: Viscount Chlnda (Japan), Baron Makino Japan), Leon Bourgeois (France), Lord Robert Cecil (Great Britain), Signor Orlando (Italy), M. Kra WH HIVED AGAINST EXTRA SESSION Leaves Washington Determined Congress Shall Not Reconvene Until He Returns Prom France; Confident People Will Back Him in Fight for League. By ROBERT J. BENDEft. Washington. March 4.—President Wilson left Washington at 2 o'clock this afternoon, prepared for a "show down" before the people on his fight with senate Republicans. There will be no change in his plans to return to France on sched ule and he has not relaxed his de termination to «Bill no extra ses sion of congress now, it was stated officially. The challenge set up by senate Republicans on his league of na tions covenant, the president is confident, will bo accepted "back home" and the people he believes will demand its ratification when the time comes. The president regards the Issue on the league of nations as clear ly drawn along this line: PRESIDENT BLAMES In Statement to the Nation Wil son Lays Full Responsibility on Republican Senators for "Impaired Efficiency." Washington, March 4.—President Wilson today In a statement to the country, laid upon senators who "ob structed" passage of appropriation' bills the full responsibility for "Impaired ef ficiency" of the government which, he ^aid, would result while he is in Paris. . Upon adjournment of congress Pres ident Wilson issued this statement: "A group of mon in tho' senate have deliberately chosen to embar rass the administration of the gov ernment to imperil tho financial in terests of the railway system of the oountry and to make arbitrary uae of tho powers intended to bo employed in tho interests of tho people. DUTY TO ATTEND PARLEY. "It ie plainly my present duty to at tend the peace conference in Parie. It is alto my duty to be in close con tact with the publio business dur ing a sassien of eongress. I must maka my choica batwaen thssa two duties and I confidently hope that tha psopla of the oountry will think that I am making tha right choica. It is not in tho interest of the right , conduot of publio affaire that I should eall tho congress in a spe cial asasion, while it ie impossible for mo to be in Washington, be cause of a mors pressing duty else where to eo-operat* with tho houses. "I take it for granted that tho mon who have obstructed and pre vented the passage of ntoeeaary legislation have taken all of this into consideration and ara willing to assuma tho responsibility of the impaired officionoy of the govern ment and tho ombarraasod finanças of tho country during tho time of my enforced abesnos." marz (Czechoslavakla), M. Venl zelos (Greece). Standing: M. Pessoa (Brazil), Colonel House (U. S.), M. Dimowski (Poland), M. Vesnltch (Serbia), General Smuts (Great Britain), President League—and peace, or no league and inevitable war, resulting from competitive armaments. He remarked not long ago to some friends that when great com petitive navies and armies are maintained they cannot he kept Idle forever. And the Immediate result of such armies and nhvies, his advisors point out, is a heavy and constant ly maintained tax burden, of which the people now are getting a taste as a result of the great war. That the president will pursue this thought in his final appeal to the people in New York tonight, was Intimated by his advisors to day. The president stepped aboard a special train at 1:55 p. m. and it left for New York two minutes later. . ,,, ... . " 1 *" t W 'J* " ot re Pudlate any foreign the — -- - - Government Also Plans Liqui dation of all Foreign Debts and Amendment of the Con fiscatory Oil Law. Mexico City, March 3.—The Mexican government went on record tonight as favoring payment of all just damages resulting from the revolution, liquida tion of all foreign debts and amend ment of the confiscatory oil law. The pronouncement was made at a banquet to American newspaper men. Robert Pesquiera said he had been authorized by Luis Cabrera, whç, will accept the ministry of hacienda next week, to state that the Mexican gov ernment will pass a new oil law, rec ognizing the right of ownership of the sub-soil in all properties purchased be fore promulgation of the new legisla ture. Properties purchased after that date, he said, would be subject to the Mexican law which gives the sub-soil to the nation. He said It Is the inten tion of the government to create a fed eral oil reserve. President Carranza declared through Pesquiera that all Just damages In curred as a result of the revolution will be paid In full and the govern presldent said, as the present revenues amount to 3150,000,000 a year,and are expected to reach $200,000,000. The surplus,- he said, will be devoted to paying the Interest on foreign debts. BAKER TO TOUR CAMPS ON DEMOBILIZATION*QUIZ Washington. March 4.—Secretary of War Baker today said he would tour the camps of the United Sûtes next week to inspect demobilisation work. He leaves Sunday for Camp Custer, and goes to Dodge and thence to the Pacific coast. Wilson, M. Dlamandi (Roumanla), M. Hymans (Belgium), Major Bonscll (U. S.), M. Wellington Koo (China), M. Reis (Portugal), M. Scialoja (ItalyJ and M. Lar naude (France). WORLD LEAGUE SCHEDULED 10 BEGIN WORKING BY EARLY FAU Despite Apparent Opposition to Covenant in U. S. Paris Con ferees Confident League to Be Ratified as It Stands. By FRED S. FERGUSON. Paris, March 4.—The league of na tions, according to the opinion prevail ing in official circles here today, will start functioning soon after the gen eral peace settlement is effected, cer tainly not later than early fall. The great majority of the peace del egates apparently are agreed that the present covenant represents the com posit world view, as nearly as possi ble, and that It will be adopted practi cally as it stands. AVhile there Is still Intense Interest In the attitude of Washington, attacks on the. league con stitution—such as those of Senator Lodge and Senator Knox—have not created the impression that was ex pected among the foreign conferees. CHANGE IN DETAIL. The latter feel the American organ ization hus touched only on plans that were thoroughly threshed out and agreed to in discussions by the league committee. While the basic principles of the league are expected to remain as out lined at present, there seems to be no doubt that many of the details will undergo some changes when the con stitution comes up for open debate be fore the general peace conference. Nu merous suggestions have already been recived from neutral countries and others Will be asked to offer Ideas. Discussion of military najval and air terms of the preliminary peace terms with Germany was not completed yes terday and will be taken up again Thursday by the supreme war council. CAN KEEP SEAPLANE8. It was reported that the aerial pro visions as recommended by allied mili tary officials, contemplate reduction of Germany's air force to a few hydro planes which would be used In search ing for mines floating in northern wa ters. Despite the fact of reports of increasingly serious conditions in Ger many, plans for partial reduction of the economic conditions in Germany, plans for partial reduction of the economic blockade are being held up by the French continuing (o refuse permission for Germany to pay for food with money and securities that otherwise }might be available for reparation. Member« of the food administration and the economic council hope to straighten out the situation and carry out the original program for easing the blockade. THE WEATHER Forecast for Boise and vicinity— FAIR TONIGHT AND WEDNESDAY. For Idaho—Tonight and Wednesday, fair. Highest temperature yesterday.... 44 Lowest temperature this morning.. *i Mean temperature yesterday......31 FUBUSTER STRANGLES ACTION ON VITAL MEASURES; WILSON ANGERED BY OPPOSITION, SEES END OF TUMULTUOUS SESSION FALL OF FINAL GAVEL FINDS SENATOR SHERMAN BLOCKING PASSAGE OF NEEDED APPROPRIATIONS, TOTALLING MORE THAN $2,000,000,000; FOND FARE WELL GIVEN "LAME DUCKS" WHEN 65TH CONGRESS HAD PASSED OUT. Washington March 4.—The 65th Congress died at noon today, strangled by a filibuster As the final gavel fell in the senate on the stroke of noon, it cut short a speech begun at 7:30 a. m. today by Senator Sherman, Illinois, which blocked the transaction of all business. All roads led to the senate end of the capitol, for it wa£ there that the filibuster raged all night long, and through the final hours of what has been one of the most tumultuous ses sions of the American congress. It was there also that Presi dent Wilson with a trace of anger in his eye and a set to his jaw—but wearing his usual smile, at times—signed the last minute bills and cleaned up the business of the session. ENDS WITH SQUABBLE. The last legislative act of congress was a squabble in the senate over a resolution providing clerks for members of the house. House members by the score crowded the senate floor to see what the upper house would do about it. , Half an hour was consumed in trying to amend the resolu tion. Senator Gore wanted itto provide for demobilization of the army in 30 days and Senator Lewis sought to incorporate it in a senate resolution of hope for President Wilson's safe voyage to France and return and his success in getting the league of nations under way. 4 While the question of house members' clerk hire was being seriously debated great departmental appropriation bills totalling more than $2,600,000,000 were slowly dying. The president, who Was 50 feet away while the senate amused a huge crowd with parliamentary maneuvers and points of order, had asked that the big supply bills be passed. They died as he left the capitol to return to the White House. SOLONS FLOCK ROOM. As President Wilson signed bills cabinet officers, senators, congressmen and other high officials crowded his gilded, mirrored room. Chief of Staff March and Admiral Grayson In uni form added color. Several women were presented to the president by Con gressman Baer, North Dakota. Frequently the president laid down his pen to say a farewell word to a senator. After the Important bills were signed, he penned his name In a dozen autograph books for senate pages. Meyer London, retiring Socialist congressman, held an earnest conver sation with the president for a few minutes. In the closing hour of the congress, the house passed resolutions to pay the salaries of members who served in the army and to prevent payment of the whole $3200, clerk hire allowance to one clerk. EXITS TO MUSIC. The marine band in the lobby closed the session to the accompaniment of patriotic music. Ab the clock touched 12 In the sen ate Vice President Marshall called the session officially at a close. In the shuffle, the clerks' resolution was lost. Vice President Marshall gave a touch of piquancy to the occasion by vary ing the usual farewell formula which Is to declare the senate adjourned sine die. Marshall today spld, "sine deo," and it got a big laugh from the gallery and floor. In both houses the last moments were filled with farewells to "lame ducks" who last November lost the right to sit in congress. Representa (Contlnued on Page Two. Copenhagen, March 4.—Chancel lor Scheidemann Is being urged by many Majority Socialists to resign and form a coalition government of Majority and Minority Social ists in order to avert possible suc cess of the new revolution, It was reported In dispatches from Berlin today. CALL 8TRIKE TONIGHT. By FRANK J. TAYLOR Berlin. March 3.—Following a special caucus late today Indepen dent Socialists announced the gen- , oral political strike against the Martial Law Proclaimed in Ber lin Following Violent Dis order; Everyone Barred From Streets After 6 o'Clock Copenhagen, March 4.—The Ger man national assembly will dis solve today, according td dispatches received from Weimar. It is not expected to reconvene. DECLARE MARTIAL LAW Copenhagen, March 4.—Martial law has been proclaimed In Berlin and Its suburbs, according'to dispatches re ceived from that city today. Military Governor Noske has assumed executive power. Rioting preceded the declaration, It was reported in other dispatches. Mobs, disarming the police, succeeded In cap turing the central police station. Military Governor Noske has ordered that everybody seen on the streets af ter six o'clock In the evening shall bs shot without warning. DISTURBANCE CONTINUES Copenhagen, March 4.—The anti-gov ernment movement in Germany contin ues unabated, despite the. government's "nationalization" propaganda, It wss said In dispatches received from Berlin today.. present government will be called at 8 o'clock tonight Instead of Wednesday morning. The Independents demand politi cal recognition of the Soviets and overthrow of the Scheldemann cab inet. The government announced "there will be no compromise with terrorism." There was every In dication that the compromise be tween proletariat and the Bour geoisie will not go to a finish. The people here, this evening appeared unperturbed by the latest turn la the political situation. '