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FIRST WEATHER THURSDAY. Fair tonight and Thursday ■ ___ VOL. XLH. BOISE, IDAHO, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 5, 1919 Ho. 50 President to Stand Paton Nations ' League Draft DEMONSTRATION LACKHGAS THE PRESIDENT SETS SAIL TO FRANCE George Washington Heads Into Open Sea at 9:55 This Morn ing, Escorted by One War ship and Five Destroyers. HARBOR FORTS AND TARS 1 GIVE ROUSING SEND-OFF ! Wilson Breakfasts Early and Appears on Deck When Liner ! Goes Down Bay; Warboats Fire 21-Gun Salute. New York, March 6—The transport George Washington, carrying Presi dent Wilson back to France, passed Sandy Hook and headed into the open Sea at 9:55 a. m., today. She was esoorted by a warship and five destroyers. There was a light mist but hardly any wind and the water was smooth for the start of the president's second voyage to the peace conference. Although the progress of the George Washington, from her wharf in Ho boken to the Narrows, the entrance into the lower bay was quiet and un attended by any demonstration, there was a rousing send-off as the trans port passed the harbor forts and the warships anchored under their guns. BIG GUNS CUT LOOSE. Forts Hamilton, Wadsworth and Hancock cut loose with presidential salutes. The war vessels also fired 21 guns, seamen of the ships in the lower bay swarmed into the rigging, cheer ing and spectators on the shores waved and shouted farewells acros# the water. The president breakfasted early and was on deck when the transport wont down the bay. His ensign flew from the mast head. GOTHAM IN SLUMBER. New York seemed to be still asleep as the George Washington passed through the harbor b"Jt as the shores of Staten Island a J the Narrows were approached thé cheering and whistlo tooting commenced. The wild demonstration that attend ed the president's first departure was lacking this time. The exact hour of sailing was not generally known and there were no great crowds mass ed along the waterfront. The river and the bay were almost bare of «hipping, due to the harbor strike. Several members of the president's party appeared on the bridge and waved to the crowd of officials who saw them off. UNBROKEN SILENCE. As the b<g ship proceeded down the river there was an almost unbroken silence with only an occasional signal toot of the whistle of a tug. The few people who noticed the steamer at that stage of its progress toward the Nar rows evidently did not recognize it as the famous transport George Wash ington with the president aboard. At about 8:55, the George Washing ton steamed past the statue of Li berty making about ten knots. Her only escort at this point was two tugs which fussed along one on each side of her. Opposite the statue she passed two steamers coming up the bay. The vessels exchanged the regulation whistle signals. At the Narrows, where the steamer entered the lower bay, she was met by four destroyers. Two took up posi tions ahead of her and one on each aide. War vessels moored in the harbor fired the presidential salute of 21 guns as the George Washington came abreast and their crews dressed ship. As the salutes rang out, other ships clustered about the quarantine station, started their sirens. Those aboard swarmed to the rails cheering and waving. There were good sized crowds on both sides of the Narrows. They greeted the president with cheers and the flourishing of many flags. HUN TRIES NEW TRICK; YANKEES TOO CLEVER Warsaw, March 6.—Germans In Grodno attempted to pass off some of their fellow countrymen as Lithuan ians when an American officer went to that city recently to confer with the municipal authorities. It was learned today. Following his request for presenta tion to the city officials, the Ger r man commandant brought a delegation before him which the American dis covered to consist of German soldiers tn civilian clothing. It was believed tbe Germans intend to misrepresent Lithuanian opposition. SWEDISH LABOR UNEASY. Christiania. March 6. — Representa tives of 60)000 workmen have passed resolutions threatening a general strike unless a new election Is held at once. A proposal to establish workmen's and soldiers' councils was rejected by the gjOM vote of S3 to M. Never Before in History Has Congress Left so Much Work Undone; Railroads, Army, Soldiers' Needs, Prohibition and Unemployment Issues Remain Unsolved. By L. C. MARTIN. Washington, March 5.—With President Wilson and congress both gone, the United States today found itself facing an unprecedented sit uation. Never before in history has a congress left so much undone as the 65th when it quit yesterday, records show. Government officials are intently seeking some way to prevent seri ous consequences in more than one direction. * Among the things congress left are: MONEY FOR THE RAILROADS By falling to pass the 3750,000,000 railroad appropriation, the senate, according to railroad administra tion officials today, made It nec essary for the roads to borrow money at high rates from private sources until congress again con venes and meets a $381,000,000 de ficiency. Extensions and better ments in service will have to be foregone for the present, officials declared, because there Is no money to provide them. BRINGING SOLDIERS HOME In the army appropriation bill, which failed to pass, there was an Envoy in Washington Says Nip pon Warned "Complications" When China Told Allies of Desire to Eight Germany. Washington, March 6.—Japanese and Chinese representatives issued a state ment to the press today agreeing that the league of nations will settle ori ental problems, but taking contrary views regarding the Individual aspira tions of their respective countries. The Chinese, reasserting their claims to Kiao Chow, and denouncing Japan's "21 demands" on China, openly charged that Japan prevented China from joining the War in 1914 and 1915. After China had notified the allies she desired to declare war In 1914, it was charged, she received intimation from "a certain power" that such a move would be likely to ''create complica tions." Again In 1915 she was prepared to enter the W'ar, but Japan refused to assent. Indorsing the league of nations as the biggest achievement of all times, I the Chinese statemen concluded: "We have known little greatness, j Maybe much that was lost will be re gained under the International order in which we will be free to live our life untrammelled and untliregtened by the type of state whose material great ness is based on war." The Japanese statement was issued by Marquis Saionji, in response to a query regarding Japan's attitude toward the league of nations. "Japan its completely sympathetic with the great project to establish peace on a Just, Impartial and firm basis. "We view tbe question as much from the general world viewpoint as from that of the Far East, where we have been compelled three times in the past half century to resort to arms to main tain peace. We are happy that human ity finally will be able to get a glimpse, although feeble, of the new era in which right will definitely triumph over force. Seattle Mayor Calls on Labor to Purge 'Ranks of Bolsheviks and Anarchists. Seattle, Wash., March 5.—Calling on Seattle labor to purge its ranks of pol shevists and anarchists, Mayor Ole Hanson issued a statement today rela tive to yesterday's city election. "The statement in part follows: "The defeated candidates need not feel humiliated. Their defeat was not personal, but was brought about by the insane leader of the Ault-Strong Green soviet crowd. The people of Seattle are not ready to hearken to the disloyal utterances of such carpers a& the Union Record and the man who edits the same. "Union labor has repudiated its false leaders. . - "Tbo voters o. k. every act of their city officials during the strike." appropriation of $411,000,000 for the transportation of tile army. A part of this was for bringing back the soldiers now in France. Congress men today pointed out, however, that the return of the army de pends more on the speedy finishing of the work of the peace conference than on congressional appropria tions. Secretary Baker holds the view that congress somewhat delayed the return of troops from France. PROVISIONS FOR SOLDIERS The 65th congress adjourned without making any provision for the future of the men returned from France, who may not be able to return to their for mer occupations. It failed to pass the $100,000,000 Lane bill, providing for the reclamation of land as homesteads for soldiers. The only material provision made for the men of the returning army was the bonus of $60 to each officer, enlisted man and nurse pro vided for in the revenue bill. REPEAL OF LUXURY TAXES The house passed a repeal of the .semi-luxury taxes In the revenue bill but the senate failed to act on it. This (Continued on Page Two.) IT Conferees at Governor-Mayor Parley Pass Such Resolution ; Rolph Insists American Ship building Contracts Renewed. Washington, March 5—A resolution demanding that the president "im mediately reconvene congress to keep it on the job while the country is fac ing a serious reconstruction period," was introduced today in the confer ence of governors and mayors by May or James Rolph, of San Francisco. The resolution was referred to a commit tee and action will be taken on it at 4 o'clock this afternoon. Rolph's demand has developed a partisan fight. Democratic mayors and governors claiming he had no right to raise the question until it had been acted on by a committee. Judge Lewis, Arizona, declared this would be applying a gag rule and the conference by an overwhelming ivote sustained Rolph. Rolph also demanded to know why 555 ship contracts of American yards were cancelled and that the shipping beard is still allowing Chinese and Japanese yards to build American ships. THE RESOLUTION. His resolution reads: "Resolved: That we urge the presi dent to immediately .reconvene con gress and keep it on the job while the country is facing a serious reconstruc tion period; and that in his message he demand immediate appropriation for the prosecution of all government work agreed upon by the various de partments and now held up for want of funds such as public buildings, wharves, docks, naval bases and Im provements to railroad and other pub lic utilities. "Further .that we do condemn as un-American the policy of building ships for the merchant marine in Ja pan and China and that all such con tracts be replaced in American ship yards to give employment for return ing American soldiers. If these con tracts can not be cancelled, why were 555 contracts In American yards can celled T Further, that the policy of collec tive bargaining Is one of the sure methods of preventing social unrest and the spread of Bolshevism." CAN CUT H. C. L. The cost of living can be reduced from 10 to 60 per cent without cutting wages if public .officials will adjourn politics and operate with labor and business, William Plggott, represent ing Mayor Hanson of Beattie, told the conference. Plggott also arraigned the senate as "flddHng while Rome burned," and said "the panicky feeling In regard to Bolshevism 1» all a boggy." Plggott proposed a program to meet (Continued on Pago Bight.) THE WEATHER Forecast for Boise and vicinity— FAIR TONIGHT AND THURSDAY. For Idaho—Tonight and Thursday, fair. Highest temperature yesterday.... 4i Lowest temperature this morning.. $1 Mean temperature yesterday...^.. 17 TIME NEAR FOR SUMMONING OF ENEMY ENVOYS TO CONVENTION Preliminary Treaty Terms Are Ready in Week or Ten Days for Presentation to Boche; Entente Approval Assured. NEW ATMOSPHERE WAITS PRESIDENT ON HIS RETURN Situation in Germany Upper most Issue Now Before Con ference; Must Give Relief to Avoid Looming Chaos. By FRED S. FERGUSON. Paris, March 5.—The Germans will be called to Paris to receive terms of the preliminary peace within a week or 10 days after President Wilson's ar rival, according to the belief expressed in certain official quarters today. Conditions of the separate treaty were said to have been worked out to an extent where formal approval of Wilson, Premier Lloyd George and Pre mier Orlando would be obtained with in a remarkably short time after they had undertaken discussion of the terms. While the mechanics for dealing with the German delegates have not been worked out, It was assumed the enemy emissaries would first be called to Versailles to receive the terms, which thy would submit to their gov. ernment, as was done with the armis tice. THEN THE SIGNING. After the German government had ratified the treaty the enemy (Relegates would proceed to Versailles a second time when the pact would be signed. In the event this procedure Is carried out, It Is probable only a special com mittee will receive the German emis saries on their flm visit, a plenary session of the conference being called when the signatures are affixed. Président Wilson will find an entirely new atmosphere when he arrives here. Concern over what ie going on in Germany will be topmost among the anxieties, rath er than individual desires and de signs of the various nationalities. It is possible that arrangements admitting 270,000 tons of fats and cereals into Germany will be com pleted before the president reaches Pari*. CHAOS THREATENS. The French view that the allies are entitled to German money Is appre ciated, but It Is pointed out and the French realize that unless the German (Continued on Page Eight.) MEDIATION FAILS TO IT New York Marine Workers Con tinue Strike Despite Federal Conciliator's Efforts; Tubes Jammed With Traffic. New York, March 5.—Despite efforts of James L. Hughes, federal concilia tion commissioner, the New York har bor strike was utill in effect today. President Delahunty, of the Marine Workers affiliation, claimed that 90 per cent of harbor craft crews have joined the strikers and that the men now working are in sympathy with the strikers and will join them shortly. The burden of passenger traffic nor mally using the ferries has been thrown on the Hudson tubes and con gestion at tube terminals during îush hours today assumed unprecedented proportions. Although strikers and boat owners had stated that they would not carry their cases to the government an at tempt was made to get in communica tion with President Wilson by union leaders during the night. The president of the longshoremen's union gained admission to the Oeorge Washington tied up at a Hoboken pier, but the president had retired. HENRY wFlITbUILD NEW CAR, CHEAPER THAN 'LIZ' Los Angeles. Cal., March 6.—Henry Ford will leavs his winter home at Altadena today foe Detroit, -ready to launch a new automobile enterprise. He plans to organize a new com pany to build a new car on which he has been worbing here, which will sell at a lower figure than the present well j known product. F. P. CORRESPONDENT ACCOMPANIES WILSON ON JOURNEY OVERSEA Carl D. Groat, of the Washing ton staff of the United Press, will sooompany President Wilton to France. He will be a member of the president's personal party on the George Washington today. Groat has bean with the United Press for six years, his assign ments including the Washington, Now York, Chicago, 8an Francisco and Dallas bureaus. Sines 1916, embracing the period of the United States' participation in the world war, ho has boon in the Washing ton bureau in close contact with President Wilson and members of the oabinet. He will be in touch with the United Press by wirelese ^during the trip, and will be with the pres ident until his return from Europe. BERLIN RIOTING GROWS WORSE; MOBS CAPTURE . POLICE DEPOTS Present Disorders Equal Vio lence of Liebknecht Revolt; Police Reported Lynched; Loot Shops and Food Stores. Basle, March 5.—The present riots in Berlin have become as vio lent as those which marked the Spartacan revolt led by Karl Lieb knecht, according to dispatches re ceived here today. Tha radicals appear to be con centrating their efforts in captur ing the police stations. Thirty-two precinct stations have been attack ed and the central station has bssn assaulted three times. Several policemen captured by the mobs are reported to have been lynch ed. Arms depots. Jewelry shops and food stores have been pillaged. WORSE THAN RUSSIA "We are trying to render the situa tion more intolerable than that in Rus sia." said Herr Schumacher, one of the Spartacan leaders. "When the factories are demolished and the people are starving we will rebuild the state on the ruins." Armed bands of civilians of both fac tions invaded cafes tonight searching the patrons for weapons. Crowds ig nored the orders forbidding them to gather on the streets. Thousands in the Alexander Platz seized and disarmed policemen, shouting "run along home, children." The American mission remained be hind guarded doors in the Hotel Adlon. RADICALS' DEMANDS By FRANK J. TAYLOR. Berlin, March 5.—Demands of the revolutionary radicals were presented to the government to night as follows: Trial of the Hobenzollerns, von Hindenburg, Ludendorff and von Tirpitz by a people's tribunal. Immediate release of all politi cal prisoners, including George Ledebour and Carl Radek. Disarmament of all volunteer regiments and building up of the red guard. Establishment of a political and commercial alliance with the Rus sian soviets. London, March 5—The new revolu tion In Germany, apparently backed by the weight of the greater part of the workers and radical elements, had re sulted today In growing appreciation of the necessity for speeding conclu sion of a preliminary peace. The British press was advocating moral support of the present German government, as well as supplying the country with food. The newspapers expressed fear that jinless this were done the allies would be unable to col : lect any Indemnities. A Spartacan vic tory, they pointed out, might necessi tate armed occupation of Germany for an Indefinite period. REDS SUCCESSFUL. Conflicting reports were received to day regarding the progress of the new revolution. The uprising was to have been signalized by a general strike In Berlin. The latest direct reports from that city indicated the strike, called Monday evening, was attended by riots In which the Spartacane were tempor arily successful at least. ■They are said to have seized the central police station. Later uncon firmed reports said War Minister Noske by employment of large bodies of troops had succeeded in restoring order and that the city was still un der martial law. No confirmation had been received of a report yesterday that the national assembly was about to be dissolved. Armed clashes between radicals and government troops were reported in other pert* of the country, particu larly at Halle, where the Spartacane j are »»Id to have put up stiff re j slstancs. DECLARES H GOTHAM SPEECH OVERWHELMING MAJORITY OF PEOPLE FAVOR THECOVENANT; SAYS NONE DARES OPPOSER Nothing in Address Indicates President Proposes to Amend the Draft or Separate It From Main Treaty With Boche; Sen ate Opposition "Amazes," but Does Not Worry Wilson; May Carry Issue to 1920 Polls if Opponents Stand Pat. By ROBERT J. BENDER. New York, March 5.— Proaident Wilson is going to a finish fight with the senate Republicans on hit league of nations covenant. In hie final appeal to the people of the country here laet night the president declared "an overwhelming majority of the American people favor it, no party hat a right to appropriate the league issue, and no party will, In the long run, dare to oppose it." This ie the conviction he carried back to Franoo with him today. Nothing in his speech last night indicated the president proposed to amend the covenant or separate it from the main treaty with Germany, as demandad by the senate Republicans. On the other hand the president declared that tha avalanche of criticism launched against his covenant in the eenate there has been "no conservative suggestion," and "no counsel of generosity." Hence, he starts back to France to day with no congressional amendment to the covenant in hand end no con cise Idea of what the senate Repub licans want. There have been scores of questions asked him by his critics since he returned from France, a num ber of amendments to the league con vention suggested—but not passed by the senate—and suggestions for two different league conventions offered— one by Cummins and one by Knox— but neither taken up for passage and each differing widely from the other. PRESIDENT »AMAZED." Nevertheless, the president has tak en with him the main points of at tack on his covenant and is expected to suggest some clarification of arti cles, wording of which has left the senators doubtful as to their scope. The action of senate Republicans, In recording opposition to the league at this time, "amazes" but "does not wor ry the president." Friends of the league are confident there will be a strong reaction to It Immediately, forc ing many Republicans who signed the Lodge "round robin" to withdraw their signatures at some later time. If, however, the Republican sena tors stand pat In their opposition, the president, it Is said by his friends, will 'curry the fight to the polls In 1920— and will so Inform the peace delegates in Paris. SOMEWHAT FATIGUED. The president leaves for France somewhat fatigued from his strenuous week at home. His weariness was brought into relief last night at the Metropolitan opera house, when a spotlight was trained on him. He asked Rabbi Stephen Wise, sitting nearby, to go off the stage and have the light turned away. The president, however, Is In splen did physical condition, according to Admiral Cary Grayson, the presi dent's physician, and a few days' rest aboard the ship, he said, will put him In fine fettle for resuming his con ferences in Paris. He plans to reach Brest certainly and probably Paris on March 13. The president has announced his In tention of remaining in Paris until the peace treaty Is signed. He believes this 'will be accomplished not later than June 1, and hopes that the work may be ended by the middle of May. CARRANZA GRANTS PARDON TO ERSTWHILE OPPONENTS Washington, March 6—Carranza has granted amnesty to the followers of General Galindo, defeated and cap tured by federal troops In tHe state of Morelos recently, Mexican Ambas sador Bonillas announced today. The rebels were not only released from custody but were given land grants In Morelos, upon order from Mexico City, the ambassador asserted. Papers Doubt America's Popu lar Feeling on League Will Outweigh Senate Opposition. London, March 5.—While eulogizing President Wilson editorially, London newspapers were puzzled today wheth er his Interpretation of popular feeling will outweigh senatorial opposition. "We hope the league will be much more than a debating society," said the Westminster Gazette. , "The world will be bitterly disap pointed If It does not become a prac tical factor In governance.'' ''The crucial question Is whether the Americans are prepared to pledge their practical resources," according to the Pall Mall Gazette. "The action of their country will be vindication of the league. Unless they are ready to share In the foundation work ,of the league they can have no voice In lta policy." PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS. President Wilson, In hlg speech In New York last night, spoke as follows: "My fellow citizens, I accept the In timation of the air just played. I will not come back 'till It's over over there.' And yet I pray God, in the Interests of peace and of the world, that that may be soon. "The first thing that I am going to tell the people on the other side of the water Is that an overwhelming ma jority of the American people is In favor of the league of nattons. I know that that Is true; I have had unmis takable intimations of it from all parts of the country, and the voice rings true in every case. I count myself for tunate to speak here, under,the un usual circumstances of this evening. I am happy to associate myself with Mr. Taft in this great cause. He has dis played an elevation of view and a devotion to public duty which are be yond praise. "I am the more happy because this means that this Is not a party Issue. No party has the right to appropriate this Issue, and no party will in the long run dare oppose It. HOW LEAGUE CREATED. "We have listened to so clear and admirable an exposition of many of the main features of the proposed cov enant of the league of nations that It Is perhaps not necessary for me to discuss In any particular way the con tents of. the document. I will esek rather to give you Its setting. I do not know when I have been mors Im pressed than by the conferences of the commission set up by the conference of peace to draw up a covenant for the league of nations. The representatives of 14 nation* sat around that board— not young men, not men Inexperi enced In the affairs of their own coun tries, not men Inexperienced In the politics of the world; and the Inspiring influence of every meeting was the concurrence of purpose on the part of all those men to come to an agreement and an effective working agreement with regard to this league of the civi lized world. "There was a conviction In the whole Impulse; there was conviction of more than one sort ; there was the conviction that this thing ought to be done, and there was also the conviction that not a man there would venture to go home and say that he had not tried to do it. "Mr. Taft has set the picture for you of what a failure of this great pur pose would mean. We have been bear ing for all these weary months that this agony of war has lasted because of the sinister purposes of the central empires, and we have made maps of the course that they meant their con guests to take. Where did the lines of that map lie, of that central line that we used to call from Bremen to Bagdad ? MUST BE TRUSTEES "They lay through these very regions to which Mr, Taft has called your at (Contlnued on Page Two. FAILURE OF ARMY BILL WILL CAUSE RETENTION OF MANY MORE YANKS Washington, March 5.—Failure of the army hill to pass congress means re tention of a great many soldiers much longer than had been' planned, Secre tary of War Baker announced. He characterizes the situation as dif ficult but said the department would not be seriously embarrassed as to fi nances. ■ The hill provided -for a regular army of 500,000 men, which Baker said was to have been enlisted at onoe to replaoe men who enlisted or were drafted for the war. The number of soldiers who will be hjld in the army by failure of the bill was not stated by Baker, «),. though he said only 40.0fi0 soldiers are enlisted for longer than the emergency. Meh affected include those In the A. E. F. and those at heme on«« pa.