Newspaper Page Text
ALL THS HEWS
FIRST VOL. ZLH. EVENING CAPITAL NEWS WEATHER SATURDAY. Fair tonight ami Saturday, BOISE, IDAHO, FRIDAY, MARCH 7,1919 Ho. 52 Germany Refuses Ships' Use UntilFoodGuaranteed ILS. RED CROSS ENDANGERED BY NID OUTBREAK H HUN CAPITAL Mission Entrenched in Hotel Behind Battery of Machine Guns; Spartacans Charge Through Streets Shooting. GOVERNMENT MASTERY ONCE MORE IMPERILED Many Republican Guards Are Wounded in Capital Fight ing; Reds Apparently Have Obtained Fresh Hold. By FRANK J. TAYLOR. Berlin, March 6.—(5 p. m.)—The American mission was entrenched in the Adlon hotel behind a bat tery of machine guns this after noon while fighting, between Spar tacans and government forces con-., tinued in the street. At this hour, the Spartacans had thrown up barricades and other wise fortified themselves in a space of about a dozen blocks, in cluding the royal castle stables and public buildings. Spartacans cap tured the main telegraph office. They charged through Leipziger strasse shooting in nil directions and endangering the American Red Cross mission. Colonel Taylor ordered the women of the mission to seek safety in the Pal ace hotel. OMINOUS OUTLOOK. The American mission in charge of bringing prisoners out of Germany Was the one which took refuge behind a'row of mac hine guns at the Adlon hotel. .Government troops late this after noon were hurriedly surrounding with barbed wire entanglements and ma chine guns the area dominated by the rebels, hoping thus to Isolate the tight ing. The Alexander Platz, taken and retaken by both sides, several times, Is now in possession of the Spartacans! Many Influential Berliners, faithful to the government feared this after-j noon that Bolshevism would be victor ions. The government, however, will light to annihilation. The outlook is considered ominous. By FRANK J. TAYLOR. Berlin, March 7—Street fighting has broken out with renewed violence. Af ter the rebels appeared to have been crushed and radical leaders admitted defeat, the Spartacans rallied. The general strike, which almost flickered out. seemed to be gaining strength today. Many Republican guards were wounded In the street fighting in va rious parts of the city. Tile scenes of disorder, however, were still widely acattered. Some radical chiefs changed their attitude of pessimism and threatened to develop a revolution which would accomplish what the first Spartacan outbreak failed to do. Government mastery of the situa tion, so evident a few hours ago, ap peared at the time of cabling to be precarious. The fighting continues. FAILURE ADMITTED. Berlin, March 6—Radical leaders to day admitted failure of the new revo lutionary movement. The government appears to be mas ter of the situation. Ruthless methods were used in dispersing crowds dur ing the disorders in the Alexander platz yesterday afternoon. Several persons' were killed and wounded when government troops used gas, ma chine guns and tanks to break up a mob. With the attempted general strike dragging uncertainly, radical leaders Haase and Barth and several others, also, pessimistically admitted the movement had collapsed through lack cf support. They said the revolt was not properly organized and that rail road employes and office workers had refused to participate In It BLAME BANDIT8. A large number of radicals, dis claiming responsibility for the disor ders, assert that bandits and terror ists took advantage of the opportunity to go on the rampage and that they caused the riots and street fights. Radicals are sending Kaleski, the author, to Weimar to work on behalf of the passage of their legislation. Weimar sessions will be continued for the remainder of the week, it is re ported In dispatches reeelved here, to complete the governments program for socialisation of the coal and' #otash mines as a concession to the Sparta can demanda 8ÖNQ WRITER ILL. Loa Angeles, Cal., March 7—Mrs. Leslie Gaynor of St. Louie, well known ■on* writer, is seriously ill at a Los Angeles hospital. SAYS ALLIES' INTERVENTION WAS BOON TO BOLSHEVISM; URGES U. S. TO LEARN FACTS Robins Tells Senate Redism World's Greatest Peril and Am . erica Only Nation Able to Stem Tide ; Says U. S. Refused Opportunity to Crush Malady. Washington, March 7.—Ray mond Robins today concluded two days of'testimony before the senate Bolshevikl investigators with an earnest plea that Ameri can and allied governments take nobody's word on conditions in Russia but get the facts them selves upon which to base their future policy. For two days Robins has been battling obvious hostility from the committee in an efTort to teil what he saw and heurd in Russia as a member of the American Red Cross mission. Robins concluded his testimony with the statement that if any responsible person con tradicted him he would produce documents kept secret until now to prove what he had said. Hummed up, his two days' testi mony was that Bolshevism was the world's greatest menace and that America is the only nation that can stem its tide. League President Townley Tells Nebraska Hearers N. D. One Oasis in Desert of Misman aged Commonwealths. Lincoln, Neb. March 7.—A. C. Town ley, president of tho Nonpartisan league, who is making a tour through Nebraska, beginning ut Lincoln, told a big crowd of farmers and others who came here to hear him that North Da ■ kota is the one oasis in the desert of mismanaged commonwealths. That the state has blazed the way and marked the path for others to follow. Millions of people, T'wnley said, have starved when the world produces enough for luxury for all.. The world, he declured, is bleeding to death be cause of mismanagement and this country is not fur behind Europe in the deplorable state of affairs. In this country 60 per cent of the people do not own tho homes they live in. "In North Dakota we have solved the problem," said Townley. "We have won. The government is ours und the revolution is over. There is no danger in North Dakota of anarchy or Bolshe vism because Bolshevism and the red flag are tho results of oppression." MANY AERO UNIT YANKS ARRIVE U. S. ON MEXICAN New York. March 7.—The transport Mexican arrived here today with 2504 officers and men. composed principal ly of members of aero squadrons. Tiie organizations aboard were cas ual company 164, New York, two offi cers and 121 men; detachment of 7l«t regiment, coast artillery, (.'amp Upton, one officer and 130 men; the 23rd, 35th, 149th, 151st, 153rd, 158th, 173rd 176th, 184th, 274th, I64th, 374tti, 469th, 499th and 52nd aero squadrons. Tho Ei Occident also arrived with 86 casuals, one medical officer and three enlisted men of the' medical corps. »12,000,000 FIRE AT RIO JANEIRO. Bio De Janeiro, March 7—Twelve million dollurs was the estimated dam age today In a fire which broke out on the Dantos docks Tuesday. The fire is expected to burn until the end of the week. Losses included 90,090 bags of coffee, 24,600 bales of Jute and the entire contents of several warehouses. H1BMI. REED AND THOMAS FUY LEAGUE In New York Speech Idaho Solon Declares Scheme Should Be Referred to Plebiscite; Confident People Will Follow Traditional Policies of Washington. New York, March 7-Thc cam paign of Uepul^lcan and Demo cratic senators in opposition to the covenant to the league of na tion« was in full swing today. Senators Borah, Idaho; Reed, Mis souri, and Thomas, Colo., fired the opening guns in vitriolic attacks against the present draft of the league and bitter denunciation of the article guaranteeing the terri torial integrity of league mem bers at the Society of Arts and Sciences dinner here last night. Borah declared the league Thst American and allied inter vention in Siberia epread the flame of Bolshevism and caused it to spread to England, France, Can ada and even to this country. That armed intervention now would deepen and strengthen the hold of L-xnine and Trotsky on the Russian people. That the United States had, and refused, several opportunities to prevent the Bolsheviki from get ting control. That at the time he left Russia in May, 1918, the groat majority of the Russian people were support ing the Bolsheviki. That Russia can got rid of Len ino and Trotsky any time the peo ple wish. That if a commission of inquiry finds that the Bolsheviki are keep ing Russia in chaos, causing mas sacres and starvation, the civil (Contlnued on Page Two. FIVE-CHIT IMF TO FODD EXPEBTS SHY ! Working on Plan to Utilize Bil lion-Dollar Wheat Guarantee for Decreasing Price of Flour to Bread Makers. Washington, March 7.—Tho "nickel loaf" may soon return to the market basket of the housewife, food adminis tration officials said today. They are working on a plan, said to be nearly ready for submission to Herbert Hoo ver .and President Wilson, to utilize the billion-dollar wheat price guaran tee fund for decreasing the price to breadmakers and still keep wheat prices to 82.26 for the farmer. The tentative plan, according to of ficials, embraces the taking over of the flour supply of the country at a nom inal profit to the millers and selling it to the public at a loss of 82 a barrel. They express no doubt that tho foreign demand for wheat will be sufficient to keep the wheat price up to the govern ment's guaranteed figure. AT $8 PER BARREL. Officials state that with wheat at 82.26 a bushel, the flour can be bought fairly by the government for 88 a bar rel after making allowances for all the by-products saved in making the flour and for a fair profit. But in order to Insure the five-cent loaf, the flour must cost not more than 86 a barrel to the breadmakers. The plan considers the government absorbing the loss of 82 a barrel at a total cost of 8500,000,000. Thus the consumer would got the five-cent bread, the farmer the 82.26 price and the government's appropriation tie used to decrease the bread price instead of boosting the wheat price, officials pointed out; HUGE CROP FORECAST. The food administration and the de partment of agriculture in estimating this year's stimulated wheat crop, place the figure at about 1,200,000.000 bushels. Of this, probably 656,000,000 bushels will be needed for domestic use. allowing about 550,000,000 for ex port and carry-over. About 300,000,000 bushels can be safely exported, it is believed, leaving the rest for seed and other carry-over needs. The world wheat reserve of 400,000, 000 bushels, which was unavailable he cause of shipping needs and which has since been pouring in to hungry Eu rope, will be exhausted long before the present crop Is marketed, officials (Continued on Page Two. scheme should be referred to a pleblclte and expressed confidence that the people of the United States would decide to "follow the traditional policy of the country as expressed by George Washing ton." Reed characterised the league as a "Trojan horse" full of enemies of the United States. Thomas declared there 1s in this country a substantial fear of Asiatic domination and said the mögt tremendous domestic prob lem facing the nation Is Japanese Immigration. WILL DESTROY U-BOATS; FATE Of DOCH NAVY UNDETERMINED "Big Five" Reserves Decision on Proposal to Raze Kiel Canal and Heligoland Forts; Undecided on Fleet's Fate. ENEMY'S NEED FOR FOOD CALLS FOR HASTY ACTION Means of Sending Supplies to Bohemia and German-Aus tria Argued; Situation Re ported as Becoming Perilous, By FRED S. FERGUSON. Paris, March 7.—The "Big Five" of the peace conference today took up the proposition of sending food into Bo hernia and German-Austria, Means of getting supplies into the districts which most urgently need them were to be discussed. The populations o'f these territories, it is felt, must be kept from gnawing hunger if the spread of Bol shevism is to be prevented. Naval terms which will be incorpor ated in the final peace treaty have been thoroughly gone over by the "Big Five" and, it was learned, the decision] to destroy the German submarines stands NAVY'S FATE UNDECIDED. Decision was reserved, however, with regard to the proposal that the Kiel canal fortifications be destroyed and those of Heligoland reduced. The fate of the German fleet is also still unde elded. Premier Lloyd George, since his re turn to Paris, has added his weight to speeding up proceedings not only to ward an early signing of the peace treaty but also toward quickly meeting the food situation in central Europe. British reports regarding conditions in Germany and German-Austria are slmilar to the reports reaching the Americans. Conditions In Austria are described as being most critical, the people being on the verge of starva tion. The delegates appreciate that this under the greatest difficulties, was what Germany will break up, making: the signing of any kind of a peace impos slble. RAISES PROTEST. Le Temps has raised an objection o the allies feeding German-Austria, voicing a widespread French sentiment against it. However, it is generally looked on by the peace delegates as a necessary step in bringing about world peace and tranquillity. It Is pointed out that the work of the food adminis tration In rushing supplies to Poland under the greatest difficulties, was that saved the situation there and prevented the country from disintegrating. In cidentally, the feeding of Poland was carried out in spite of persistent ob the Ge,man au , --^- I WHEAT STOCKS MORE THA» RESERVE 11918 j 129 258 009 Rush els D.U 1 JD.JOÖ.UUU ßusneis Held on Farms March 1 Compared to 107,745,000 Year Ago; Corn _ Reserve Shows Decrease. j _ j I Washington, March 7—The amount ! of corn on farms March 1 was 34.2 per ! cent of the 1918 crop, or 884,476,000 1 bushels, the department of agriculture estimated today. This figure Is 6.7 ' lower than .the corresponding figure for March 1, 1918. Wheat held on farms March 1, was 129.258.000 bushels, estimated to be 14.1 per cent of the 1918 crop. On March 1, 1918, 16.9 per cent or 107, 745.000 bushels were held on farms, according to the department's figures. Five hundred and eighty-eight mil lion bushels of oats remained on farms March 1, estimated at 38.2 per cent ! of the 1918 crop. On the correspond- i ing date a year ago, 37.6 per cent of the previous years crop still remained on farms. Farmers held 81,899,000 j bushels of barley on March 1; 31.9 perl cent of 1918 crop or 10.9 per cent more ! than was held on farms March 1, 1918. The department estimated that 14.5 ! per cent of the corn crop will be ship ped out of the counties where grown and that 58.7 per cent of the wheat production will be sold In other than the homo county. In the case of corn crop, the figures show that 7 per cent more of the production Is being con sumed on the farms this year as com pared with 1918. Wheat shipped out from the counties where grown was 7 per cent more this year than last. , FRANCEDOUBTS PLEDGES OF 37 SENATORS WILL BALK COVENANT Considered Probable Minor Amendments to Draft Will Be Made Thus Relieving Signers of Opposition Vow. CAN'T ABSOLVE M0N0RE DOCTRINE AND BE JUST Favoring American Appeals Would Cause Other Powers to Demand Exceptions and Peril Foundation of League. By LOWELL MELLETT. Paris, March 7.—Few persons In Paris today, wljether Americans Europeans, believed that the pledge of 37 Republican senators to refuse to vote for the league of nations covenant would be realized. It was considered entirety likely that several amendments, though possibly of a. minor nature, would be made in i the league covenant. 1 This, It was pointed out, w'ould re lleve the Republicans of having to vote for it as originally presented. PERILS OTHER CLAUSES, \ ' , I " 1,11 regard t0 tllc Monroe doctrine, .those in favor of the present covenant 1 declare if America asked permission to except that doctrine from the league, all other powers might ask similar ex eeptions in matters of special Interest and then the structure of the league would fall. j Should the other parties to the agreement voluntarily suggest that an American point on such an exception be noted with regard to the Monroe doctrine, that would be a different proposition. But such a course Is con Bidered hardly likely. | Concerning the American senate at tltude, it is recognized that this pos sibllity creates a more or less uncom fortable Internal political situation for Wilson. But In that respect he Is in no worse a position than Lloyd George or Clemenceau I RADICALS OPPOSED. ! ' TheIr troubles are not alonj? the j lines of the league but Lloyd George j has demands of the radicals to be met jwlth the machinery of a conservative government, while Clemenceau has a most difficult tax problem to meet The attitude here, consequently, is th at generally speaking, the peace pro g ra m must be carried through on the best possible international lines, with the individual governments left to 8ettIe their fights at home afterward ( European politicians accept Wilson's promise that he can get direct, favor ab ] e nct , (m on the , e from h(g people. _ t , , | , 12 -year-old girl on I STAND as a witness AGAINST CLERGYMAN! Dallas, Texas, March 7.—Rev. Fran cis C. Berry, over 60 years old, grey and haggard, charged with statutory crimes against young girls, faced Judg ment today. Clad in clerical black, the aged chap j lain of a children's hoitie here, heard one of his own flock tell of his alleged „offenses against her. Rigorous cross examlnation fall< , d to ghake 12 . year . old Ircne Eve f«t t « »tory, other uttie girls were attacked similarly, she said. Part of an alleged confession, said to have been obtained from Berry by j Prosecutor W. R. King, was admitted j in evidence. I Berry offered no witnesses and did ! not take the stand. His sole defense ! was to be the argument of his counsel, 1 The state demanded Berry's death, 1 ' WILSON MOVIE FAN AGAIN; ! i j ! ! Forecast for Boise and vicinity: FAIR TONIGHT AND SATURDAY, •' Idaho: Tonight and Saturday fair. Highest temperature yesterday, 41; lowest temperature this morning 28' mean temperature yesterday, it. ' SEES SELF ON THE SCREEN By CARL D. GROAT. Aboard the U. 8. S. George Washington, March 6.—President Wilson tonight, after a day of root, attended tha ship's movies, wharo ssvaral reels of hie reception In Boston were shown. Beth the pres ident and Mrs. Wilson laughed heartily at seme of the seanes. The presidential party is keep ing in olose touoh with world do ings on both sides of the Atlantle by wireless. THE WEATHERl THESE ARE BUSY DAYS IN HOUSE AND SENATE; BERGER CASE PUZZLES Washington, March 7—That» ara moving daya in tha house and sanata offios building. Ex-ssnators and representa tivss are hauling out their baga and baggaga, whila the "elect" are moving in. These are busy hours for clerks and eergeants at-arms. The first thing the new mem bers are anxious about are their franking privitegei and pay checks. A unique case facing these clerks is the disposition of Vic tor L. Berger, Socialist, elected from Wisconsin, drawing pay as such from March 4, privileged to obtain quarters in the house of fice building, but whoso actual aervioa ia in doubt bacausa he is undar prison sentence for viola tion of the espionage act. He draws hit salary—the first cheok April 4—and may enjoy other privileges of a congressman, however, until he' is unseated by tha house if such action be de termined upon at the extra ses sion. SUGGESTSR.R.S PRIVATE OWNED, BUTSUPERVISED BYGOVERNMENT Senator Cummins Favors Such Decision in Determining a Permanent Policy; to Head Interstate Commerce Board, By L C. MARTIN. Washington, March 7.—Private own ership with broad supervisory powers vested in the government is what Sen ator Cummins, Iowa, expects as a per manent railroad policy to be enacted by the next congress, he said today. Cummins will head the senate inter state commerce committee which will frame the new railroad law. Before leaving Washington for brief rest Cummins outlined what in his view will be the probable direction of congressional action. Though ne personally favors government owner ship, Cummins is of the opinion it can not be obtained now. FOUR MAIN FEATURE8. The main features of the law Cum mins expects to see enacted are; 1. Return of the line* to their private owners 2. Consolidation into a few great systems. 3. Guaranteeing a certain rata par cant return on capital. 4. Increase in thé powers of the interstate commerce commieeion. NEVER OLD 8TATUS. Several other members of the senate and house committees incline to Cum mins' view that private ownership is certain. But there is practical unani mity In congress on one thing—that conditions before the war can never be gone back to, if the railroads are to continue to be pacemakers or even to keep pace with America's growth, members said today. Most members of the two committees believe private ownership, supported by government backing, will put the railroads on theig feet financially and result in more effiicent operation. HERE'S WAY THAT $60 Officers and Enlisted Men in Army, Navy, Marines, Coast Guard or Army Nurses Corps on Eligible List. Washington, March 7.—You are en titled to a 8*0 bonus If you were an officer or enlisted man In the army, navy or marine corps, coast guard or army nurses corps. Thousands of ap plications were piled up here today. Those honorably discharged can get their money on mail application to the war or navy departments. Discharge papers must be sent with the applica tion, officials explained. Those mus tered out in the future get their extra money when they leave the service. Red Cross nurses, Y. M. C. A. work ers and others not directly enlisted In the army or navy do not get the bonus provided by congress. Neither do those who are entitled to retired pay. Heirs cannot collect for anyone who has died before receiving his allotment, regula tions specify. HUNS'DEFIANCE DELAYSCONVOY OF U. S. TROOPS; PARIS AGITATED Boches Inform Economic Con ferees at Spa of Refusal to Turn Over Merchantmen for Transportation of Americans QUESTION Of FEEDING HUNS FORCED TO SHARP CLIMAX Enemy Demands Supplies Enough to Last Until the Next Harvest; $400.000,000 Worth of Food Is Needed. By FRED 9. FERGUSON. Paris, March 7.—Flat refusal of Ger many to permit Its ships to be used for homeward transportation of Amer ican troops unless a food supply to last until next harvest is first guaranteed by the allies, confronted peace dele gates of the five great powers when they met this afternoon. This determination on the part ol Germany was made known by her rep resentatives at the economic confer ence at Spa, Belgium. They informed the allied representative the German merchantmen would not be turned over unless the necessary food sup plies were positively guaranteed. Thereupon, the allied economic mis sion returned from the Spa for fur. ther instructions. CLIMAX PRESENTED. The entire question of feeding Germany and easing the blockade of the central powers was brought to a climax by the German atti tude. American members of the economio mission returning to Paris with word of Germany's stand, conferred this morning with tho United States peace delegation at the Hotel Crillon. The "Big Five" considered the question this afternoon. It waa estimated that 8400,506,000 worth of food would bo required to feed tho Germans until the next har vest. This sum la double the available gold and silver In Germany. Evan If the amount available were to be taken, It would cause financial collapse, it was pointed out. MAY ENTER INTO TRADE. Economic experts declared the only possible means by which Germany might pay for the food would be for that nation to start production of ex portable commodities. This brings squarely before the peace conference the question of whether Germany shall be permitted to enter world trade Im mediately under certain restrictions. Some hold this to be necessary, if Ger many is to be kept together and main tained in such shape that she will ba able to sign a peace treaty, pay her debts and make reparation tor war damage. The French adhere to the viewpoint that It Is necessary to maintain the blockade until France recovers Indus trially and Is ready to compete with Germany In world markets; and until France has recovered from the effects of the German devastation and factory looting. DELAYS SOLUTION. However, France It waa stated. Is willing to have the United State« lend Germany tho money to pay for the food. American delegates regard this as out of the question. The situation is now such that set tlement will probably be a matter of weelfs. It has been dragging since No vember. The question, of course, 1« regarded by the Americans as highly Important, a« the United States need« the German «hip« to speed, the home ward movement of the American troops. PRESIDENT REJOICED TO HEAR LEAGUE ADVOCATE WINS SEAT IN CONGRES By CARL D. GROAT. Aboard the U. 8. B. Georgi Washington, March 7.—(10 a. m.)— President Wilson waa overjoyed to day at messages from Secretary Daniels and Secretary Tumulty, re porting the victory of a Democrat running on a league of nations plat form In a Pennsylvania apecia! congressional election. (This election was In the 22nd congressional district of Pennsyl vania to fill a vacancy caused by the death of E. E. Robbins, Repub lican.) The George Washington waa about 800 miles out this morning. The sea was smooth; the air mild. The president, enjoying the voy age, arose late. He engaged in a boat drill with the crew of boat number 12. Former Attorney Gen eral Gregory was assigned to boat number 13.