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ADV ERHSING CAPITAL ALL THE NEWS FIRST vol. XLn. BOISE, IDAHO, SUNDAY, MARCH 9, 1919 No. 54 HARVARD PREXY AND SEN. LODGE ID STAGE MHNT LEAGUEDEBA1E President Lowell's Challenge Accepted by Senate Leader; Former Declares Public Dis cussion of Issue Necessary. DEBATE PROBABLY TO BE STAGED IN BOSTON SOON League Opponents Flood Coun try With Speeches Made in Senate; Kenyon to Learn People's Idea Via Personal Contact. By L. C. MARTIN. ^Washington, March 8—Senator Lodge, Republican leader In the sen ate and next chairman of the foreign relations committee, has accepted an invitation from President Lowell of Harvard for a joint debate on the league of nations Lodge announced to night. In accepting Lowell's invitation to the debate, Lodge in a letter, made public tonight, said: "I expect to be in Boston next week and shall be very happy to meet you and arrange for a public discussion on the plan for a league of nations agreed upon by the commission of the peace conference which has lately been published in this country." DISCUSSION NECESSARY. Lowell wrote Lodge last Thursday suggesting that as "It Is of the utmost Importance that the committee's re port at the conference in Paris for a league of nations should receive the fullest public discussion. I therefore write to ask if you will meet me in a public joint debate on the question whether or not the substance of the provisions of the covenant should be ratified by the United, titatee." The announcement, of the Joint de bate created great Interest. President Lowell is a firm believer in the league. Lodge has taken the position, that, while everybody wishes to make war impossible, the methods proposed In the draft of the constitution as adopted by the commission in Paris would entail too great a national sac rifice by the United States of tradi tional policies. The debate, it is assumed, will be held in Boston within a short time. At Senator Lodge's office here it was said nothing definite will be known until after Lodge and Lowell meet next week. SPEECH FLOOD COMING. While this debate is on and other speeches are being made everywhere both by proponents and opponents of the league, the whole ocuntry is to be (Continued-' on Page Two.) HINES SEEKS ADVICE Begins Series of Parleys Mon day With R. R. Executives to Find Ways and Means for Keeping Carriers Going. I I ] 1 I Washington, March 8.—Director General Hines will begin a series of conferences Monday which, it is ex pected, will provide ways and means for running the national railways without congressional appropriations. As a preliminary to the main con ference Tuesday, Hines will spend most of Monday in discussing the rail roads' financial status with directors of the war finance corporation, it was announced tonight. Railroad admin istration officials having to do with financial questions of the roads worked late tonight and were arranging to spend tomorrow at their desks In com piling data which Hines will lay be fore the war finance directors. These meetings, it was announced, will be attended by 25 or 30 of the leading railroad executives, several of whom were said to have definite schemes in mind as to how their individual prop erties can be extricated from the flnan clal muddle. : ./j Hines, it was stated officially, will ask the rail chiefs to explain their program frankly. He will also urge that representatives of financial inter ests who (have been invited, to be present to tell of any plans they have considered for extending relief to the roads. • It was intimated that another con ference probably later in the week or early in the following week, would be called. Hines was said to have in mind obtaining the views, first of ths war finance corporation officials ; ssc IT railroad sxecutlves, and some! of the banking In tarants .and last, the of business and industrial 1 ; :-■* •• " LEADERS OF TWO GREAT PARTIES STAND TOGETHER FOR WORLD LEAGUE V President Wilson and ex-President Taft photographed recently in Washing ton. In rear row, left to right: Grayson M. P. Murphy, Charles D. Nor ton and Edwin N. Hurley. The most eminent living Republican, Mr. Taft, and the most emi nent living Democrat, Mr. Wilson, are the leading exponents of the league of nations plan in the United States. On Tuesday night they appeared on the same platform In New York In advocacy of the league. Mr. Taft "has his opinion" of any politician, be he Re publican or Democrat, who opposes the league. FLORENCE DONE WITH FEMININE DETECTIVES; WHO CAN BLAME HER? Portland, Ore., March 8—The next time Mies Florence Mèrbur ger wants to recover V sweet heart, its a million to one bet she won't delegate a woman detec tive to do the tooating. She recently appealed to a fair sleuth in Salt Lake to find her soldier lover there, he having failed to send for her as he prom ised. The detective found the man all right, but liked hie looks so well she decided to keep him herself. She informed her client today. Which causes Miss Marburger to rise to remark: "Women detectives are bunk." RETURNED YANK FINDS WIFE WITH TOWN COP; SHOTS FLY; NONE HURT Walla Walla, Wash., March 8—When Clarence Truitt, a returned soldier, stepped <*f the train at Prescott, a small town north of here, last night, he saw the town constable, a man named Jones, going up the street with his, Truitt's wife, who some time ago started divorce proceedings against him. Jones went on up the street and when Truitt began arguing with his wife, Jones returned to intercede and Truitt opened fire on him with a re volver. He fired several shots but missed. A warrant is now out for his arrest, but he has not yet been found. TEN BADLY INJURED IN SHIPYARD'S GAS BLAST Local forecast for Bolee and vlcln tty—FAIR SUNDAY, ' Forecast for southwestern Idaho Sunday, fair. Yestarday's Weathsr Hers. Highest temperature .............. «* Lowest temperature ......... *7 temperature ............... 14 Los Angeles, Cal., March 8—Ten men were severely Injured, one perhaps fa tally, tonight by an acetylene explo sion In the hull of the steamer West Cavanal at the Southwestern ship yards in San Pedro. It is believed that sparks from a riveter ignited escaping gas. Windows within a radius of several blocks were shattered by the explosion. Firemen worked more than an hour before the badly burned men could be removed from the vessel's hold. JAPANESE FORGE OF 250 WIPED OUT BW.ENINITES Paris, March 8.—A dispatch from Tokio today related how a Japanese force of 250 was wiped out by Bolshe vik!, outnumbering them 10 to 1, which were attacked north of Alexlevlko, February 26. Only 12 of the Japanese escaped. The Bolshevik casualties were estimated at 500. A Japanese contingent defeated a Bolshevik force west of Blagovisti chenk February 28. THE WEATHER Staff Chief Says That Strength Absolutely Necessary; Am erican Battle Casualties Are 240,197 During War. » Washington, March 8.—The war de partment la facing a perplexing prob lem to maintain an army of a half million men, pending congressional ac tion. General March today announced that the nation now "cannot get along" with less than 509,909 men, and, he added, this could be maintained through enlistments. Secretary Baker, on the other hand, declared that congress failed N to give the war department authority to en list beyond the national army strength —about 250,000—and over this figure the government could enter Into no contract with volunteers. March said enlistments will fill places of those who Joined the army only for the emergency period. But it may be found necessary to fill va cancies beyond 250,000 men for which enlistments may be accepted from drafted men, guardsmen and other "emergency" men, whom the war de partment had hoped to be able to send home. MILITARILY NECESSARY. "To permit the military necessities of the United States to be handled, the number of men in the army will be kept at 509,909 men." General March flatly announced. "AH of the military problems that confront us have been carefully considered in determining the number of men necessary and we can not get along without that number, #09, é09. They will be held. "The number of men in ths army will not be reduced under any circum stances until some law is passed fil ing a new number below the number set forth in the bill which was sent to the congress by the War department." General Pershing has been author ized to resume enlistments for the reg ular army, March said. "They will be assigned to the regu lar divisions in France, thereby releas ing emergency men for return to the United States." 1,361,528 DEMOBILIZED. Total discharges of officers and men are now 1,881,688, while the total or dered demobilised la 1,613,500. General Maroh Issued the first au thoritative estimate of battle casual ties In the A. E. F. Killed in action, wounded, missing in action and pris oners total 240,191 Americans who fought in battle numbered 1,390,000, ac cording to March's estimate, which in cludes 60,000 from the service of sup ply. General Hines, chtef of embsirkatlon, reported to Secretary Baker regarding conditions at Brest today. Bain is in cessant and The mud fairly deep, he told the secretary, hut the men are "comfortably housed," sanitary condi tions are "admirable," and the food is awed. When General Hines left, 49,000 ere housed there, 10.000 or capacity. ' ■» DESPITE PEACE PACT RADICALS CONMJEFIGHT IN HUN CAPITAL Situation Apparently Beyond Control of Rebel Leaders Who Called Off Strike When Given Recognition. BODIES OF THE DEAD AND WOUNDED COVER STREETS Estimate 300 Killed, 500 In jured in Recent Fighting; U. S. Missions Moved Out of the Danger Zones. By FRANK J. TAYLOR. Berlin, March 7—(Night)—Fighting was continuing In Berlin tonight, des pite the fact that Spartacan leaders had called off the general strike. The settlement was effected through a compromise reached with the gov ernment at Weimar whereby the Soviets were accorded constitutional recognition. REBELS BARRICADED. The situation apparently had got beyond control of ths radical chiefs, however, as the rebels were fighting desperately in the northeastern section of the city behind barricades of cob blestones and print paper. Alexanderplatz, which was fought over several time's and which govern ment troops finally took by storm, was battered until It resembled one of the French villages In the war zone. Kaiserstrasse was strewn with the bodies of dead and wounded. The lat ter were without medical attention. Unofficial estimates place the casual ties since the recent fighting began at 300 killed and 500 wounded. U. 8. MISSION SAFE. The American prisoner and Red Cross missions, which sought safety In the Hotel Adelon and Palace Hotels, yesterday, apparently were out of dan ger tonight as the battle had died down In the vicinity of those hotels. The government was still bringing large contingents of troops into the city ,the last arrivals Including several regiments from East Prussia. JOHN F. WOODS, PIONEER RAILROAD BUILDER, DEAD Omaha, Neb., March 8.—John F. Woods, aged 100, pioneer railroad builder, died here today as a result of injuries sustained In a fall last Christ mas. Woods was in railroad construc tion for 62 years. He helped build the Northwestern railroad, the Burlington from Ottumwa to Omaha, and several hundred miles of the Baltimore & Ohio. He constructed the large pile bridge across Lake Ponchartrain, near New Orleans. Woods was a personal friend of the late James J. Hill, Jay Gould, H. H. Rogers and other pioneer rail builders. He retired 15 years ago. The body will be taken to Ottumwa,. Iowa, for burial. RETAIN MEN S JOBS To Plead Gase Before War Labor Board Next Wednes day; Definite Policy Towards Question Expected to Result. ■» Washington. March 8—Women who took men's Jobs during the war will fight to keep them during peace time. Headed by Frank P. Walsh, former Joint chairman of the war labor board, they plead their case before the board here next Wednesday. After the hearing the board is planning to for mulate a definite policy toward the question of women releasing places in Industry they have attained during the war. The case before the board will re fer directly to Cleveland conductor ettes. but it ia understood many women labor organizations of the country are backing the Cleveland wogten. In announcing the hearing, the na tional war labor board atatea that a "full and complate hearing on the rights of women to employment will be given." It is possible that some general classification of Industries in which women must work may be made by the board, to prevent further trouble between the men and women laborers. The- policy of the board so far has been to prevent the dismissal 'of con ductorettes and other women who have taken men's pieces (n industries. Titte action was taken „ l n disputes at Cleveland and Detroit ' - »a m sn COUNTRY-WIDE WALKOUT OF PHONE WORKERS THREATENS; PROTEST BURLESON'S POLICY Federation of Labor Issues St atement Declaring Employes on Edge of Revolt Against Postmaster General's Tactics; Union Demands Immediate Grievance Hearing. Washington, March 8.—A nation wide strike of telephone employes threatens "because of labor poli cies of Postmaster General Burle son," the American Federation of Labor declared tonight. Favorable votes on a referendum for a general strike, sent out by the -Brotherhood of Electrical Work ers are being reeclved here ill In creasing numbers, officials stated. "The labor policy of Postmaster General Burleson," says the week ly summary of labor conditions, given out by the federation, "Is precipitating a strike of telephone employes on the Pacific and At lantic coasts that may extend throughout the country. "The workers, both men and wo men, are members of the Brother hood of Electrical Workers and ' they are asking for machinery that will consider grievances, adjust EBERT CALMS REDS' REVOLUTION, BUT AT Partial Recognition Given Sov iets to Result in Renewed Ef forts by Paris Delegates to Complete Peace Treaty. By ED L. KEEN. Paris, March 8—Germany's third revolution appeared tonight to have been suppressed, but at the cost of important concessions by the gov ernment. The Spartacans, although defeated militarily, were reported to have ob tained partial recognition of the Sovi ets which will be incorporated in the new constitution. The Implied loss of power by the cabinet, representing the only responsible body that can deal with the allies, will, It Is believed, re sult In renewed efforts by the peace delegates to speed up work on the preliminary peace treaty. Realization that the situation in Germany is rapidly nearing a crisis has Imbued the alles with the desire to effect stabilization of conditions there as soon as possible. The separate pence pact can not be completed before the first of April, ac cording to general belief. As a result the conferees are taking up separate ly the most important present phase of the situation, that of feeding Ger many and partially raising the eoo nomlc blockade. The supreme war council Is under stood to have agreed on a new pro gram covering this, which probably will be in shape to present to the German economic commission early next week. Meanwhile, the allies will conduct a special Investigation In the terri torial dispute between the Jugo-Slavs and Italians which approached the breaking point recently with expulsion of an Italian mission from Laibach. A commission of allied military of ficials has been appointed to go to Laibach and make a thorough Inquiry. The Investigation is expected to re sult in improvement of the relief work in Bohemia, Austria and the Balkans. All the various peace committees are expected to present their reports to the peace conference next week. The moat Important of these will be the reports covering reparation and re sponsibility for the war. The com mittees have been requested to make the reports In the form of articles for direct Incorporation in the preliminary treaty. The outline of the pact will thus be ready for general discussion when President Wilson arrives. PRESIDENTIAL LINER 1200 MILES OUT; HE SLUMBERS Aboard U. S. S. George Washington, March 8.—Continued fair weather per mitted the George Washington to maintain her fast schedule and today she was 1200 miles out from New York. President Wilson, following out the program of rest laid down b* Rear Admiral Grayson, slept late._ BIODAY —Independent Social iste held convention In Berlin, Hugo Haase declaring new revolu tion Imminent. German crowd staged hostile demonstration be fore American headquarters ln Berlin. MONDAY— New revolution be gan with general strike ln Berlin. Supreme war council discussed report of military, naval and aerial experts regarding German disarm ament. TUESDAY— Fighting started ln Berlin; riots broke out in Bremen and LeiPZl». WEDNESDAY — Supremo war council dismissed Austro-Hungarl controversies, working conditions and pay. The telephone companies, now under government control, tell the workers they are unable to act and refer them to Postmas ter General Burleson, while that official tells workers that the com panies can act If they so desire. The employes have tired of these tactics. "Telephone operators In Massa chusetts, New Hampshire, Maine and Vermont, have declared by a vote of 7420 to 660 In favor of a strike. The 4000 eloctrlcal workers employed as linemen in this dis trict have unanimously declared for a strike. On the Pacific coast the vote Is 95 per cent in favor of sus pending work. "The referendum Is being sent to all operators and men and pro vides for an Immediate assessment of $5 and a monthly assessment of 31 to finance the strike." HELD NEARER PARIS Recent Trouble Over Economic Issues Causes Location Change; Allies Seek Closer Touch With War Council. By FRED S. FERGUSON. Paris, March ä) —Future meetings with the German economic commission will be removed from Spa, It was learned from an authoritative source tonight. The enemy represenetatives probably will be asked to come to Ver sailles, Snells or some other place near Paris. / While there was no actual break be tween the two commissiona at Spa this week, the allied conferees favor holding the meetings ln closer touch with the supreme war council, so that less time will be lost ln oase of an other deadlock. That was what hap pened at Spa—both commissions reach ing an impasse on the question of food guarantees ln return for German ton nage, necessitating a delay while tt(e commissioners sought their superiors for further Instructions. TO RECEIVE FOOD. British, French and American dele gates held Individual conferences re garding the German economic situation this morning. The war council took up the prob lem ln detail this afternoon. Accord ing to reliable Information the councU agreed upon a plan whereby Germany will receive food ln exchange for use of her merchant fleet. Just what this Is could not be learned, but It was believed that some minor concessions had been made to the enemy, owing to the pressing necessity for immedi ate stabilization of conditions ln Ger many. GUIZ BALKAN OUTBREAK. The council .after overcoming Ital ian objection to plans for revictuallng Austria, appointed a special military commission to Investigate the expul sion of an Italian delegation from Lel bach, which nearly brought about an armed clash between the Italians and Jugo-Slavs. General Treat will repre sent the United States; General Gor don, Great Britain; General Savy, France, and General Hegre, Italy. Andre Tardieu presented the report of the Belgian commission, which fa vored revision of the treat yof 1839, guaranteeing Belgium's neutrality. 9515 FOR NATION LEAGUE, 65 AGAINST PROPOSITION Portland, Ore., March 8—A lo cal newspapor, which has bssn conducting a straw vote on tho league of nations for a week, an nounced the following rasult to night: For the loagus of nations, 8615. Against laagua of nations, 66. an relief work. President Wilson sailed for France. Fighting continued in Berlin. THURSDAY — Supreme war council discussed military, naval and air terms of preliminary peace treaty. Spartacans won temporary advantages In Berlin fighting. FRIDAY—Radical leaders called off strike in Berlin, after reach ing compromise with government, but fighting continued. Supreme war council discussed new prob THURSDAY —S npreme war SATURDAY — Supreme war council reported to have reached agreement on new food program for Germany. NO PEACE UNTIL REDISM OUSTED AMBASSADORS RUSSIA ASSERTS Francis Bitterly Denounces Lenine Rule at Senate Prop* aganda Hearing; Paints Con ditions in Blackest Hue. WARNS OF BOCHE DESIGN TO CONTROL MUSCOVITES Envoy Charges Robins Sought to Aid Bolshevik Campaign; Says World Under Redism Means Return of Barbarism. Washington, ' March 8.— Bolshevik control of Russia renders peace ln Eu rope impossible, David R. Francis, am bassador to Russia, told the senate propaganda Investigating committee today. "Bolshevism throughout tho world would, in my opinion, mean a return to barbarism," Francis added. Francis' statement came at the end of a full day of testimony, during which he painted conditions ln Russia under Lenine and Trotsky in the blackest hue. Charges of murder, wanton destruc tion of property, nationalization of wo men in some localities, suppression of the anti-Bolshevik press and the spreading of the propaganda for the world revolution which have been fre quently made against the Bolshevikl were supported ln full by Francis. WARNS BOCHE PERIL. Continuation of Bolshovik gov ernment means continuation of dis order in Russia and this in turn means Germany's control will in crease until she has tho whole country by tho throat, Francis ox plained. "If Germany is allowed to exploit Russia, Germany will come out of the war stronger than sh© went in," Francia said. While Francis said his relations with Colonel Raymond Robins, head of tho American Red Cross, who recently tes tified before the committee, had been pleasant, the ambassador left the dis tinct impression that there had been friction because Robins had wanted to deal with the Boleheviki while Francis did not. Francis advocated severance of commercial as well as diplomatic re lations. Senator Nelson, of Minnesota, asked Francis if he had ever heard a move In Russia to have Robins replace him as ambassador. COULD GET RECOGNITION. "Colonel Robins, I had heard, was being quoted so the mouth piece of America," Francis answer ed. "Colonel Robins told a news paper man and one of my employes in Russia that If he could got on* hour with tho president h# could persuade him to rooognlso tho Bol shevik!," Francis said. "Ho sold, *1 have tho goods.' 7 "It developed later ha had a com munication from the Soviet govern- 1 ment to this government. I can't learn' that he ever presented It." "He was never received as ambassa dor by the Bolshevikl government, was her' asked Nelson. "Oh, no," said Francis. "I heard that Robins was a courier bearing a message telling the American government that the Bolshevikl were ready to grant the United States the same privileges as Germany had under the Brest-Lltovsk treaty. I didn't think the United States would care to enter into such an arrangement, with tho allies left out." ROBINS FREE LANCE. Francis explained that ho had bosh - ordered to have no official communica tion with the Bolshevikl, but Robins, not being an official, could talk to Le nine and Tortsky and was at times a bearer of messages. ■Til stand between you and ths Ore," Francis told Robins when the ar rangement was made. "Did Lenine and Trotsky ever say they wanted to get into thé war to aid the United Btates?" Nelson asked. Francis replied that they had sent for Robins and given him a number of questions as to what attitude the allies would pursue if the Bolshevikl did certain things. "But after each, they said that the great social revolution must not suf fer," Francis added. "Colonel Robins wanted me to recommend the recogni tion of the Bolshevikl," Francis seid. "They don't merit recognition. They believe ln killing any one who Wears a white collar." , . , , Francis told of threats against him and of one near attack on the embassy under the provisional government. THREATENS INTRUDER. Late one night when guests were at the embassy, Francis said he was in formed a mob was forming six or eight blocks from the embassy and Intend-* ed to attack it 'J8H» Ho wont to the door and found eral soldiers there and they replied hie questions that they had been « there to prôteot the property. "I told my servant to get me my | toi loaded," Francis said. "I told them: *1 am the .