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U. S. REALIZES
URGENT NEED OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS IDEA Responding Eagerly to Presi dent's Invitation to Discuss Matter; Senators Have Ava lanche of Mail on Opinions. PEOPLE INTERESTED IN MUCH MOOTED QUESTION 4700 Letters From Files Show Those Unqualifiedly for the Plan Slightly in Majority; All Sections Heard From. By U C. MAHTIN. Washington, March 10—The Ameri can people are responding eagerly to President Wilson's invitation to dis cuss the league of nations. While con troversies over war policies drew a tremendous number of letters, nothing In the memory now in congress equal led tho present avalanche of mall at their office*. Senators haven't been able to read half the letters addressed to them on the subject they said today. But what letters have been read show one thing clearly—that the country realizes the vast importance of the question. Forty-seven hundred letters chosen from the filej of 18 senators, repre senting every section of the country nnd both political parties readily as serted themselves In four classes. LEAGUE SLIGHTLY FAVORED. First those unqualified for the league, as now proposed, 1628. Second, those for the league, with qualifications, 1240. Third, those expressing no opinion but asking information, 264. Fourth, those unqualifiedly against the league in its present form, 1580. More than half the letters In the first class came from professional and business men. Clergymen, scholars, educators, lawyers, writers—men and women alike— and many big business apparently approve vary heartily of the draft of the league constitution as It now stands. The re3t of the letters in the first class based their approval on faith in President Wilson. It may bo significant that most of the let ters in class or.e came from the east, New England and the south. The vast bulk of the other three Classes came from the middle and far west. Throifgh the "class two" letters, ran the strain "we want an end to war, but-" and the writers then ex pressed in various ways thel- fears that the proposed league would en mesh the United States too deeply In foreign affairs. The Monroe doctrine. American sovereignty and all the other objections afteady urged were covered in these letters. Many of them complained that President Wilson's at titude is that of a man assuming su perior wisdom and unwilling to come down to eases In giving reasons for various provisions. Class three, the smallest, came largely from school teachers and women generally. Men apparently have made np their minds rather thoroughly on the league. The Infor mation asked was cniefly along the lines of thb objections raised against the league In the senate. Class four contained some bitter letters. In them President Wilson was rigorously assailed, senators criticiz ing the league were applauded and In a number more or less thinly veiled threats were made against the gov ernment If the league compact is rati fied. Most of the letters of this class, however, struck tho same note that ran through all tho others—"let us prevent war forever." Scores of the letters offered substi tutes for tho proposed league ranging from a policy of complete American Isolation, maintained b' r tyjrce if neces sary to a policy of diplomacy, the chief feature of which would be keep ing European nations constantly in rows with one another so this coun try could be let alone. PAULINE FREDERICK -in OUT OF THE SHADOW AN OUT OF THE ORDINARY PICTURE HAROLD LLOVD COMEDY SCENIC STRAND GERMAN REVOLT BEYOND CONTROL OF LEADERS; - SOVIETS DEMAND OVERTHROW OFTHECABMET; RADICAL NORNNGMENARECREATMG VIOLENCE By FRANK J. TAYLOR. Berlin, March 8 (Night)—The Revolution appeared tonight to have got beyond con trol of its leaders. Although the general strike was officially called off yesterday after noon following a compromise agreement with the governmenment, fighting was still going on in several parts of the city. A strong minority, accusing the strike leaders of treachery and playing into the hands of the German government, was demanding complete overthrow of the cabinet and turning the country over to control of the soviets. This sentiment was being fos tered by fear of hunger as well as money and propaganda alleged to be furnished by Russia. Labor leaders are now trying to separate the workmen's political demands from Spartacan terrorism and violence with which the radical element o fthe workmen is closely connected. ' It was sympathy with the workers rather than a formal alliance which led sailors and soldiers of the Republican guard to break with the government. These men never had been dependable supporters of the cabinet but were assigned to patrol the region around the Alexanderplatz last Sunday. Meanwhile, the government brought in volun teer troops from the environs. This provoked jealousy and ill-feeling among the guards who sought trouble. Rival detachments met while patrolling. Abusive words led to shooting. This was the signal for six thousand guards to revolt and begin a warfare which wrecked an important business district and caused the heaviest casualties which Berlin has experienced so far. It is unofficially estimated that five hundred persons have been killed and one thousand wounded, including many women and children.' DIFFIttlLTTOHlL; Numerous Coups Successfully Staged With Clue Unleft; Se cret Police Orders Find Way Into Irish Rebels' Hands. Duhllij, March 10—While politically the Sinn-Fein la temporarily quies cent, (he organization's subterranean "physical force" activities continue on as great a scale as the active military policy of the Irish government will permit. Behind the open political movement there Is said to exist a very complete Sinn Çeln .volunteer military force, which It has been Impossible to sup press altogether, so perfect and secret is Its organization. Throughout Its ranks, the Sinn Fein has brought off numerous coups. Sinn Fein emissaries recently captured a large quantity of explosives consigned to a military bar racks at Dublin. All efforts of the au thorities to discover the captured ma terial have failed. Balds for arms are frequently car ried out In the country districts with considerable mystery. Military rifles and ammunition mysteriously disap pear. Secret orders from the police at once find their way into the hands of Stnn Fein leaaers. Sinn Fein prison ers in Irish Jails are able to combine for the purpose of obtaining better treatment. When they fall to get what they want they break up their prison quarters. Dublin, Cork and Limerick Jails were recently the scenes of such dem onstrations. Tho recent escape of Slnrv Fein prisoners from the lisle and Lincoln Jails In England are also given as In stances of the wonderful "under ground" organization of the Sinn Fein. The escape of Edward De Valera was planned In Dublin and carried out in broad daylight. Notwithstanding the vigilance of the government, It is said a regular cor respondence Is carried on between the Sinn Fein prisoners In English Jails and the party headquarters here. The newest form of Sinn Fein ac tivity Is the carrying on of an active propaganda among the American and British colonial troops who are sta tioned or visiting in Ireland. The au thorities have finally been compelled to limit as much as possible such coups In tho country. Boise, March 7.—The state board of land commissioners of the state of Idaho met this day In regular session. It was moved by Superintendent of Public Instruction Miss Redfield, sec onded, voted upon and unanimously carried, that the same be, and It is hereby approved. It was moved by Seuperlntendent of Public Instruction Miss Redfield, sec onded, voted upon and unanimously carried, that school bonds of district No. 4, Nd?Perce county, In tho amount of $2600, be purchased by the board. It was moved by Seuperlntendent of Public Instruction Miss Redfield, seo onded, voted upon and , unanimously carried, that school bonds of district No. 49, Joint Cassia and Twin Falls counties. In the amount of $6000, be purchased by the board. Upon motion of Auditor Gallet, which was duly seconded, voted upon, and carried, the farm loan application of R. H. Hart, Caldwell. Idaho, In the amount of *4000, was denied upon the recommendation of the appraiser, The following farm loan applications were allowed by the board: H. N. Peckham, Caldwell.......*5,00# Cecil R. Peckham. Wilder.......5.000 C. V. Peckham, Caldwell........5,000 Adrienne N. Peckham, Caldwell.. 6,000 Whereupon the board adjourned. War Minister Noske's Iron hand was really the determining factor in caus ing the strike leaders to accept a com promise with tho government; hs they feared terrorism by the radical ele ments—which hnd not tjpon invited Into the strike—would lead the cabinet to declare a military dictatorship. The Spartaciyis among the workmen, however, refused to recognize the au thority of tho more conservative load ers whose conference with the cabinet at Weimar led to the compromise. The government gave In to the extent of granting the soviets' constitutional recognition as directors of labor and production, and promising partial so cialization of industries. But the rad icals want the soviets to be supreme, and apparently are determined to fight unt,ll this Is accomplished, or they are completely crushed. With the radicals preaching a new revolution, the people are pessimisti cally anticipating a new calamity. There Is common talk that food will, give out completely In May, and that everyone will starev, unless peace contes and the blockade Is lifted. Bitterness Is increasing. General lack of confidence provok ing a startling irresponsibility and dis regard for human Ufa Is apparent. The public goes about Its business deject edly, Ignoring dangers on all sides. While the fighting was at Its height with airplanes of both sides battling overhead, mlnenwerfers and cannon mowed down buildings and machine gun and rlflo bullets were sweeping the streets, women a block away from the scene of the battle appeared to be unaware of anything out of the ordinary. The fighting tonight was limited to a series of guerilla warfare, with the radicals resisting In Isolated streets and buildings. But rebellion seemed to be In the very' atmosphere, and it was feared the continued fighting might again set the whole city seething with revolution. Berlin seems ripe for Bolshevism, unless the Weimar government is strengthened by the allies. WHITE AND THORPE READY TO BATTLE Peoria, 111., March 10. — Charley White and Harvey Thorpe, light weights, were ready for the gong here today. With White a favorite, the two will go 10 rounds tonight. There has been no raise in price INSTANT POSTUM This economical table beverage continues to be the logical resort of the coffee-drinker when health or oth er reasons dictate a change • Nota Bit of AMiste 10 LURE AUTO OACE PILOTS MICK Aircraft Expert Predicts Stars Will Take to Ozone in Pur suit of Their Favorite Sport ; Favors Seaplane Type. New York, Maroh 10.—Automobile pi lots who have achieved fame and won great prizes on America's speedways will never be contented again with the thrills they got out of track and road racing, according to L. K. Ball or the Manufacturers' Aircraft association. Bell said these and other stare who have a taste of the aviation sorvlce, will take to the air In pursuit of their favorite sport. Bell'h views are substantiated by a sweeping challenge Issued tonight by Alfred E. McCorry to all manufactur ers or owners of airplanes for a speed contest. McCorry wishes to match the Christ mas "Bullet" against all comers for a race from New York to Washington and return. The "Bullet" has flexible wings and has attained a speed of 197 miles an hour. It Is also announce^ that speed con tests wiy be held each Saturday dur ing the second "Pan-American aero nautic convention to be held in At lantic City, N. J., from May 10 to Juno 10, Inclusive. The meet will be under the auspices of the Aero Club of Amer ica and other aeronautical bodies and seaplano contests and dirigible races will be on the program. "I see in the hydroplane unlimited possibilities for future sporting events," said Bell. "1 name the hydroplane specifically because I think this type of machine will be the one that the sportsmen will use In their first contests. Others will find favor later, but adequate landings will have to be supplied. In some states this Is already being done." BcUiANS ! Hot water Sure Relief RELL-ANS ■-WR INDIGESTION BE GIVEN BUTTONS According to Information received In Boise recently by army men In close touch with the activities of the war department, bronze buttons of artistic design will be Issued to all men who have been honorably discharged from the service. The button chosen Is one of 15 de signs submitted to the commission of selection, headed by General Peyton C. March, chief of stafr. The competition was carried on among American artists and sculptors, under the direction of the commission of fine arts. It is not Anown as yet how the but tons will be distributed, but It is pre sumed that they will be dealt out as are service stripes and bars showing service in Cuba. Philippines, China and on the Mexican border. These are se cured by the soldier or officer present ing proof that he was actually en gaged In service In tho compaign for which he requests the badge or bar to the war department, which then au thorizes the distribution of the bar to the soldier. The selection of a button Is the out come of much agitation some time back as to the recognition of the participants In the German-American war In a like manner as those veterans of China, Cu ba, Philippine Islands and Mexico. B(*rne, March 10.—The compromise agreement entered Into by strike lead ers and the German government at Weimar, whereby the strike was called off, contained the following provisions, according to an official dispatch from Berlin today; First—Recognition of the soviets as representatives of the country's eco nomic Interests and Incorporation of this principle In the constitution. Agreement to enact a law at once reg ulating the aovlet's powers, duties and method of election. Co-operation by the soviets in social and economic leg islation Second—Enactment of a law unify ing all labqr legislation to be presented immediately to the national assembly for codification. Third—Socialization of public Indus tries, especially mines and factories. Fourth—Trial of all military offenses by civil tribunals. Fifth—Handling of foodstuffs by municipalities, eliminating the middle man. TO BE INVESTIGATED Washington, March 10.—Investigation of court martlals during the war has been ordered. Judge Advocate Gen eral Crowder In a letter to Secretary of War Baker has stated that the in spector general of the army will pro ceed with the work immediately. Crowder defended the system of court-martial, replying to charges of cruelty made recently by Brigadier General Ansell, for a time acting judge advocate general. Army officers ta ken from all walks of life administer ed military justice during the war, Crowder stated, and penalties fixed were authorized by congress. Secretary Baker, writing to Crow der, stated that while he was confidant that the results set forth In recent criticisms do not exist an Investigation Is necessary to reassure families of all men who fought In the war. P0CATÇLL0 CLUB PUTS UP FOR THE RING CONTEST (Capital News Special Service.) Pocatello, Idaho, March 10.—Fifty thousand dollars has been placed in the hands of the Pocatello Tribune to back up the offer of the Pocatello Ath letic club for the Willard fight and more especially, as stated, to call the statement made In Boise by Theodore Turner that the club cannot back np Its offer. Mr. Brady, an active mem ber of the club, said today: "Turner's statement Is the wall of a hot air poli tician .who does not know what he Is talking about." RUSSO WOMAN IS FINALLY CAPTURED Portland, Ore., March 10—Roele Russo Is on her way to Ban Francisco In charge of a deputy United States marshal. She will be tried In the bay city on A charge of conducting a re sort within five miles of the Presidio. The Ruaso woman was arrested here after being sought all over the coun try by federal authorities. COMPTROLLER REQUESTS BUSINESS STATEMENT Washington, March 10.—The comp troller of the curréncy today issued n call for a statement of condition of national banks at the dose of business, March 4. Agents for "Modart," "Gossard," 'Bien Jolie Grecian-treco" and "R. & G*" , Corsets. £st. 1868—8th and Main Announcing A Most Attractive Display • of the Newest Apparel Earlys as it is, we know the present showing will be interesting to you, for it consists of the best recognized and ap proved styles for the spring season. > To see the new garments is to admire them, to desire them, and own them. —Do not wait for any special occa-' sion. > ; 4 New goods are coming in every day, therefore every day is a good day to make a visit to this store. You are sure of finding here, styles which mark time with Dame Fashion, and which are right up to the minute in every respect with everything that is new even in the style centers of the big eastern cities. We cordially In vite you to call and inspect our present showing of New Suits, Dresses, Coats, Waists, Sweater Coats and other apparel and fabrics. KOREA TO ASK RECOGNITION OF INDEPENDENCE FROM JAPANESE AT PARIS MEET Two Prominent Citizen* Seeking to Get Passports to Peri* to Appear Before Peace Delegates. San Francisco, March 10.—Korea will demand recognition of her independ ence from Japan at the Paris peace conference .according to a cablegram roceived by Korean unionists here to day. This followed by a few hours a cablegram saying Korea Issued a dec laration of Independence, March 1, ac "9-10 OF THE LAW" —WITH— « BIG MITCH" LEWIS STAR OF THE "BARRIER" FILLED TO THE BRIM WITH THE LORE AND TRADITIONS OF THE WOODS A VAUDEVILLE STANLEY AND THERESA MELODY AND FUN PATHE WEEKLY ... 0HRI8TY OOMEOY MAJESTIC TODAY AND TUESDAY tion being taken by the Korean Na tional Independence union In the prin cipal Korean cities. News of the declaration was with held owing to Japanese control of wireless and cable lines, according to local Korean representatives, who re ceived thetr cable advice* from the union's representative in Shanghai. Two I^oreans, Dr. .Slngman Rhee and Dr. Henry Chung, are In Washing ton endeavoring to get passports to Paris to outline the desires of Korea before the peace conference, according to C. If. Ahn, head of the local branch of the Korean union. Three other del egates are believed en route to Paris from Korea.