Newspaper Page Text
nàsT WEATHER WEDNESDAY Probably rain tonight and Wednesday. VOL. XLn. BOISE, IDAHO, TUESDAY, MARCH 11, 1919 No. 56 Peace Treaty to Blast Forever Boch es' War Hope AND OF AGUERS «DANGER (Lap. PARTY Republican Backers of Cove nant, Headed by Taft, Warn of Too Rigid Stand; See Per ilous Reaction Coming. CHARGE OF CONTINUING WAR MAY BE CREATE!} Admitted League to Play Lead ing Role in Peace Treaty; Taft Urges .Against Making Proposition a Party Issue. By ROBERT J. BENDER. Washington, March 11.—Republican aupporters of the league of nations, headed by former President William H. Taft, are warning G. O. P. oppo nents of the Wilson covenant against a too rigid stand, lest they endanger the party. It is now generally admitted that when the peace treaty comes back from France, the league of nations will be part and parcel of it. The whole work of drafting the treaty in Paris has been built on the promise of a league of nations and practically every article in some way is applicable un der league rules. ' WAR STATE CONTINUED. Hence, if the treaty when com pleted failed of ratification in a Reupblican senate because the league of nations'was a part of it, the whole work of drafting the treaty would have to be done over again—and in the meantime the treaty would remain ineffective and a state of war would continue as now. The party responsible for holding up ratification of the treaty would un doubtedly be charged thereafter by the opposing party with having prolonged the war. It may be that President Wilson had this situation in mind when he stated In New York that the league should not be a party issue and that "no party in the end would dare to oppose it." At any rate, Taft, seeing the danger in a too inelastic stand by G. O. P. op ponents of the league, has warned them against making the issue a party one. MAY CAUSE PARTY SPLIT. Taft's move and the difference of opinion existing in both parties have created thd belief here that there is a possibility in 1920, if the peace treaty is not ratified, of the electorate split ting up into a new alignment—those for and those opposed to ratification of the league. The fight would then be with the issue of moderate interna tionalism as opposed to a strict na tionalism. In this connection there are strong organizations back ng both the elements favoring and opposing the league, each organization determined to carry the light to the finish. Owing to the foe*, however, that the leading Republicans opposing the Wil son covenant favor some league, the hope is expressed by friends both in the Republican and Democratic parties that the president will recommend clarification of questioned articles so as to remove much of the opposition and assure the league's ratification. ; i I inim ni/rrminnil/ llllll T llllrn I HkIIIAI IUI1 0 U V LI I I 111| U V V ___ I ; Senate Probe Board Bed Ele- ! — . , . _ Stents United in Common SAYS RAOICALS PUN F. 0. Department Official Tells Cause Against Government. Washington, March 11.—Radical ele ments In the United Stutes are united in a plan to "overthrow the American government by a bloody revolution und set up a Bolshevist republic." Accord ing to a memorandum submitted to the senate committee investigating Bolshe vism by Solicitor Lamar of the post office department. The memorandum said that for the first time the anarchists, I. W. W.'s, end Bolsheviki have made common cause under the name of ''Bolsheviki," for this one purpose. Lamar submitted clippings from a large number of newspapers, many of them printed in foreign languages, to bear out his contentions. These news paper extracts, together with Lamar's memorandum, are to be put into the record of the taveetlgatlng committee. 200,000 JOBS KNEW FORD PUNT Giant Factories Planned by Henry to Manufacture New Brand Cheap Gars, Selling Around $300; to Start Contrac tion Early in 1920. Detroit, Mich., March 11 .—Henry Ford expects to give employment to 200,000 persorts In the plant he pro poses to erect for the manufacture of automobiles to sell around $300^ he said today. "The present Ford Motor com pany empfcys about 50,000 men, while our new company will offer employment to four or five times that number," Ford said. Ford'stated his plans for the new company will in no way affect the present concern and that the Ford stock was not for sale. The con cern will keep on doing business as usual. "This will be a separate com pany entirely," he said. Senate Probe Board, However, Pails to Find Positive Evi dence of Organized System Connected With Bolsheviki. By L. C. MARTIN. Washington, March 11.—Drastic laws to curb activities of anarchists, I, W. W., Social revolutionists and Bolshe vik! in the United States are to be rec ommended to congres.^ by the senate committee which has been Investigat ; ing Bolsheviki activities, members said i today. Hearings are almost at an end. In spite of this, practically the only evi dence that the committee will have of Bolshevik propaganda in the United States is yet to go into the record. This is now being submitted in the form of newspaper clippings, pamphlets, books and papers sent through the malls. The committee has ro far failed to find evidence of an organized propa ganda system paid for by foreign money or directly connected with the Russian Bolsheviki. I. W. W. MOST POTENT. Out of the mass of testimony sub mitted, committee members said today one clear fact lias disclosed Itself—the I. tV, W. in the United States is the most potent influence for the spread of the doctrines of unrest. s For many days the committee has been hearing about Russia and doings of the Bolsheviki there, until it seemed, Senator King said, that the investiga tion's real purpose had been lost sight of. This was to determine how exten sive Bolshevik activities in the United States have been and to report on means for counteracting them. King then asked Raymond Robin», who was concluding his testimony, whether he knew of any organized propaganda movement In tlie United States. Robins replied lie did not, but added that "every T. W. \V. in America is spreading Bolshevik ideas." The statement was made to the com mittee in a memorandum submitted through the office of Solicitor Lamar of the postoffice department and pre pared by James D. Horton, SEEK WORLD POWER. This memorandum declared the I. W. W. are the most active of the radi cals seeking the overthrow of the American government and the institu tion of a Bolshevik republic In its place. Committee members today declared they feel the investigation has clearly show a that the Russian Bolsheviki I mean, if they can, to extend their ays lems t,J al * the world, even to the ex Unt of helping revolutionists with force if necessary. They declared leg islation must be enacted that will: I 1—Keep agitator» out of the coun ; tr >' 2—Curb and punish those trying to undermine Hie government. ! 3—Keep the teachings of Bolshevism ; out of the mails and public prints. i Senator Overman, committee chair man, indicated no more witnesses will be called now unless some good reason is shown for calling them. Preparation (Continued on Pas« Two. ! j London, March 11.—The Mail an nounced today that the British and French governments have agreed to construct a tunnel under the English channel, and that plans also are being considered for build ing tunnels under the Bosphorus and Gibraltar straits. The channel tunnel, which was first Officially referred to by An drew Bonar Law In the house of commons yesterday, will contain a railway, telephone and telegraph lines, and pneumatic postal tubes. "Edsell Ford will remain as pres ident of the Ford Motor company to protect our interests and the in terests of thousands of employes." Ford said it was safe to state that the "old home town" would be the headquarters of the new com pany. Ford is reported to be actu ally engaged on the design of the new car on his farm at Dearborn. Edsel Ford said it was impossi ble to give out exact plans as yet but expressed the hope that the building of plants would be started early next year. Two sites have already been selected, one at Green Island, N. Y„ and Hamilton, O. Others all over the country will be purchased later, he said. LEIPZIG IS RECAPTURED BY GOVERNMENT ARMY; REDS BADLY DEFEATED Zurich, March 11.—Leipzig has been captured by the government troops, which inflicted severe defeat en the 8partacans, it waa raported in a dispatch from Berlin today. Dispatchea yesterday reported the city completely surrounded by gov ernment troops, while airplanes were dropping bombs on the Spar tacans entrenched on the outskirts. NO MORE CHILDREN Coblenz, March 11. —The censor ship reveals the beginning of a birth control movement in Ger many, it was learned today. Many letters exchanged between hus bands and wives declare they will have no more children. HOUSE MILITARY BOARD INVITED BY SEC. BAKER TO GO WITH HIM ABROAD Washington, March 11.—Members of the house military affairs committee have been invited to go aboard with Secretary ofc War Baker, it was learned from committee members today. The trip of the congressmen will be of an unofficial nature, it was explained, and they will probably not stay with the secretary after they reach the other side. So far seven Democrats have accept ed the informal Invitation. They are: Chairman Dent, Alabama: Representa tives Fields, Kentucky; Olncy, New York; Hull, Iowa; Anthony, Kansas; liar, Ison, Virgin!" and Nicholls, South Carolina. SAYS FUTURE CRAMMED WITH DYNAMITE IF JOBS PROBLEMS NOT SOLVED Detroit, Mich., March 11.—Construc tion and road building must be got under way immediately in all parts of the country, or a "future crammed with dynamite" is predicted by George W. Coleman, director of Information for the department of labor. in an address here, Coleman said the only preventive for anarchy is to pro vide work for all, leaving no room or time fur discontent. Coipman advo cated the league of nations, "imperfect as it is," as a means of preventing in ternational anarchy. REPORT AUSTRALIA PUTS BAN ON ALIEN PRODUCTS Washington, March 11.—Government officials today were seeking an official explahatlon of the report that Aus ! traita had prohibited the importation j of all except British products. Inquiries from American manufac turers who expected .to expand their j trade in Australia flooded the depart ment of commerce. TWO U. S. FLYERS KILLED IN FRENCH R. R. MISHAP Paris, March 11.—An airplane con taining two Americans'fell In front of a moving train near Chaumont, one aviator being killed, according to In formation received here today. One railway car was derailed. Us cost Is estimated at *100,000, «00 to *125,000,000. Work, accord ing to the Mall, will be started as soon as th# .plans are completed. Great Britain and IVance will share equally In the financing and all nations will be given equal railway rates. Sir Ernest Moore, member of the engineering firm which built the East River tunnels In New York, says he believes the channel tun nel will be no more difficult than that project, perhaps easier. 1 O INDUSTRIAL BOARDTOFIGHT H. G. L; PRED1C1 EARLYTUMBLES Prices on Most Basic Com modities, Including Food, Due for Slump in 60 Days, Chairman Peck Declares. INDUSTRY CHIEFTAINS TO CONFER ON PRICE SCALE Deplore Governmental Predic tions of Higher Levels; Cite Pork Price Increase Follow ing Food Board's Warning. Washington, March 11. —Prices on most of the basic commodities, in cluding food, will be brought down within 60 to 90 days, George N. Peck, chairman of the new industrial board of the commerce department, predict ed today. The new board plans to call repre sentatives of each of the Industries to Washington, agree with them on price schedules that will be fair and relieve, the business stagnation. Then the board will recommend these prices to the public. ^ Sleel men will submit their sched ules of after-the-war prices tomorrow and they will be followed by brick, ce ment, fuel, lumber, food and textiles, probably in the order named. "The board hopes to establish price schedules that will stand until the nor mal iaw of supply and demand can take effect again," Peek said. "Our whole aim is to establish prices that will establish confidence enough to relieve the present business stagna tion and send us into what all agreed would be an era of prosperity." TALK LOWER PRICES One of the things the board Intends to do is to talk lowar prices at all times, members said today : They were frank in their criticism of the policy of some government agencies In pre dicting much higher figures for some commodities. The statement of the food adminis tration that pork will go much higher with the discontinuance of the $17.50 price has immediately brought an in creased hog price with more pork in storage in the country today tfian ever before, one member declared. Herbert Hoover's statement predicting $3.5« wheat was followed by a boom on the Chicago grain market yesterday, he added. Efforts of the board will also be di rected toward removing some irregu larities in the price schedules of the various Industries. For instance, while tha average increase of steel and its products is about 115 per cent over (Continued on Page Two.) Wins Trans-Ocean Race Against Agamemnon, Carrying 6732 Troops, by Eight Hours ; Many New York Men Aboard. New York, March 11.—The transport Mount Vernon, carrying 5784 soldier« and nurses, arrived today from Brest, winning by about eight hours her race with the Agamemnon with 6732 men, which will dock at 2 o'clock this af ternoon. The Mount Vernon, on her first trip since her forced return to port after ; being torpedoed last fall, left France Ion March 4, about ten hours after the 'Agamemnon had sailed. Thirty-six j hours later she wig-wagged ''farewell'' and maintained the lead the rest of the trip. Aboard the Mount Vernon were 2764 men and 86 officers of the 27th divi sion, among the last of the New York troops to leave for home. On the Ohioan, which also arrived today, were the following organiza tions: 348th infantry machine gun com pany. headquarters second battalion, companies O, G, H. K, L and M, and sanitary detachment, 15 officers and 1*16 men; 812th sanitary train, de tachment, one officer and fivs men. Casual companies 88, New York; 97, Nsw York; 88, Iowa; and 39, Ohio. PORTUGUESE REVOLT ENDS Lisbon, March 11.—The state of siege has been raised in Portugal, it was of ficially announced today. This action of the government form ally ends the monarchist revolution al though the monarchists were complete ly defeated several weeks ago. 30,000 HARVESTER OO.'S WORKERS ARE OFFERED VOICE IN FIRM'S AFFAIRS Company Officials Submit Plan Where by Employes Will Décida Their Own Welfare Questions. Chicago, March 11.—The 30,000 employes of the International Har vester company will have 30,000 voices in the direction of the com pany's business If they accept a plan submitted by company offi cials today. Under the plan, employes at the company's 20 American and Canad ian plants will decide questions of working conditions, of health, wag es, recreation and education. The voters will elect a "workers' coun cil at each plant to confer with re presentatives named by the com pany. Race, sex, time of service, politi cal or religious affiliations will in no way discriminate against any worker, accordng to plans. IE FLOOD CHIEF Representative Mondell Elected by 160 to 23 After Mann Had Declined Honor; House Board Invited to Go Abroad. Washington; March 11.—Representa tive Frank W. Mondell of New Castle, Wyo., today was elected Republican floor leader in the next congress. The vote for Mondell was 160 to 23, the latter number voting merely "pres ent." Fifty-three votes were absent from the meeting of the Republican committee on committees. Previous to the nomination of Mon dell, Representative Mann, Illinois, present Republican floor leader, was chosen to again lead Republican forces in the house, b\it declined the nomina tion. The vote for Mann was 154, 12 voting against him and 2 voting for Representative Lohgworth, Ohio. SEVERAL TERM MAN. Mondell first came to Washington during the 54th congress. He was not In the house during the 55th congress, but was elected to the 56th and all succeeding. He has also been mayor of New Castle, Wyo., state senator and assistant commissioner of the general land office. Mondell was born Nov. 6, I860. He is engaged in stock raising, min ing and railway construction in addi tion to his present activities. During bis stay in congress he has been chairman of the irrigation and public land committees and was mem ber of the appropriation committee during the 05th congress. RANKS WITH SPEAKER. His election as floor leader puts him In a rank equal to that of speaker. He is for suffrage and prohibition, and his election will serve to satisfy suffragists and prohibitionists who x fought Representative Gillett for the speakership. LIKE IRISH QUESTION, SAY JAPS OF KOREAN INDEPENDENCE PLEA Washington, March 11.—Korea's ap peal to the peace table for independ ence from Japan was likened in prin ciple to Great Britain's Irish problem by Japanese diplomats here today. "Korea Is an integral part of Japan," the embassy commented, In answer to lueries concerning the reported dec- J ktrallon of independence of the Korean | National Independence union. I "There is no situation in this regard ■ for discussion at the peace table. j Korea was Joined to Japan with world i approval. Naturally, there is a small element there, as everywhere, desiring. a change." DEBS SOON ON WAY TO WEST VIRGINIA PRISON Cleveland, Ôltlo,. March, 11.—As soon as the supreme court mandate, affirm ing conviction of Eugene V. Debs, la received here, Deb's bondsmen will be ordered to bring him in and then he ;! a taken to the Moundsville, W. Va., federal penitentiary. 1 Federal Dis trict Attorney Edward Wertz said to day. Debs Is scheduled to deliver a "fare well address" here tomorrow night. He was tried In CievelaiM on a charge of violating the espionage taw. THE WEATHER Forecast for Boise and V icinity— PROBABLY RAIN TONIGHT AND WEDNESDAY. I ihr lduho-i-Tonlght and Wednesday, i proJably rain. ; Higiest temperature yesterday____43 : Lovset temperature this morning.. 40 1 Me» température yesterday., .....*« ENEMY TO BE REDUCED TO MEAGER MIITARY STATUS; ARMY CUT T0100,000 MEN, GENERAL STAFF WIPED OUT CONSCRIPTION SYSTEM ELIMINATED BY 12-YEAR EN LISTMENT REQUIREMENT, MAKING ARMY PURELY PROFESSIONAL; ALL MUNITIONS OVER NEEDS FOR REDUCED FORCE TO BE SURRENDERED; VICTORS TO STAND PAT ON NEW EDICT. By FRED S. FERGUSON. Paris, March 11.—With the military terms adopted and rapid progress being made toward completion of the other pro visions, it was learned today .that the preliminary peace treaty may be ready to present to the Germans by March 20. From the greatest war maker in the world, Germany will be reduced to a military status lower than that of her small est neighbor. She will be impotent even before Switzerland. The conscription system will be knocked out by a 12-year en listment requirement for the army which, it is understood, will be reduced to 100,000 men. What army she has consequent ly will be purely professional. The danger of Germany hav ing four or five million trained men within the ten years, which would have been possible through conscription, will be abolished. All guns, munitions and equipment in excess of the amount necessary for her reduced army, will be surrend ered. It is understood also that the notorious general staff will be wiped out. NO NONSENSE. If any attempt is made to carry out the threat to refuse acceptance of the peace treaty and throw the country into chaos if the terms are too harsh. Germany will find the alliés represent ing a firm front. ' Tile olioice in such a case probably lies between occupation of Germany and continuation of the blockade, let ting the enemy starve until they are ready to sign. Considering the com parative contentment in the present oo cupled portions of Germany, the latter courae Is considered more likely. According to present plans, the treaty will be handed to the Germans at Versailles immediately after their arrival there. The enemy delegates will then be allowed to return to Berlin or Weimar for consultation with their government, afterward coming back to Versailles l'or the formal signing. That Count Bernstorff will not bs a member of the German delega tion appeared certain today, as the allies have taken aetion to make clear that hs would not be welcome. The move of the supreme war council in abolishing conscription in Germany was accspted as prob ably meaning the death blow to that aysfem throughout the world. GENERAL CHANGES. Under present political conditions In other European countries, it was be lieved tills was the only interpretation which could be applied to the coun cil's aetion. Although other nations, such, as France and Italy, may retain conscrip tion for tlie present, it appeared likely that the future will bring general changes. The difficulty attending the conscription question in Great Britain' was made obvious by the trouble en countered by Premier Lloyd George since the extension of the conscription law. France at present has a three year conscription service term, but with the German menace removed and no ^Iff potential army threatening or un i'kely to be able to the. action of the WRr council was expected to influence ^ er as we ^ aa other countries, on the principle that compuisory military Bcr vice > never being welcome, would be even lesa attractive with no incentive, Such a development, it Is accepted. will permit rapid scaling down of ar mies under the league of nations plan and will mean a long step toward In ternational dlsarmamenL IT TALK Vice President Declines to Dis cuss League; Says Some times Better to Fight. Phoenix, Arl*., March 11.—Vice-Pres ident Marshall does not propose to dis cuss the league of nations for the pres ent, at least. Following his address before the Arl sona state legislature, he refused to discuss the league, although he asserted his loyalty to President Wilsen. Marshall warned that it Is human ity's duty to prepare now either for peace or for the next war. "I would rather eat a little dirt than ha vs another war," he declared, "but sometimes It is better, to fight where the Integrity or honor of the nation is Involved." CONSIDER FEDERAL . WARRANTS AS WAY OUT IN R.R. TÄNDLE Executives and Director Hines - Discuss New Plan to Finance the Carriers ; Would Be Used as Loan Collateral. Washington, March 11.—Financing of the railroads by government war rants which might be used as collat eral for loans, was considered as one of the means of extricating the lines from the present dilemma at the'eon ference of railroad executives with Di rector General Hines today. Hines tol<£ the conference that he had cut his program for expenditures to *701,000,000 as the amount required to June 30, 1919. The warrants, which Hines said are being considered, could be used as % medium to stave off any financial de bacle until an appropriation can be had from congress, it was officially stated. AS BANK COLLATERAL. If the railroads receiving these war rants desire to make loans through banks they would be permitted to usa the government notes as collateral. It was made clear to the railroad ex ecutives, Hines said, that their financ ing to a large extent must be made by the railroad corporations. That being true, the resources of the war finança corporation will be reserved to protect special cases. The war finance corpor ation has available for this purpose a total of $337.000,000. Hines and the conference generally proceeded, it was asserted, on the view that it waa highly desirable to provide ways for payment of bills immediately and have thla situation met through financial effort rather than by a gener al suspension of work. Thi« alternative was selected, it was said, because of the deterrent effect up on business, of the other plan. * HOOVER TO RESUME HIS ENGINEERING WORK SOON San Francisco, March 11.—That Her bert Hoover will return to California in July and resume engineering work, ia the opinion expressed here today by his former associates. Hoover's grata corporation, they predict, wilt be the only organisation of the food adminis tration to remain In existence sifter July 1. ONLY U. S. INTERVENTION CAN CURB PORT STRIKE New York, March 11.—Federal In tervention Is looked upon today as tha only means of settling the harbor boat men's strike, following definite break, lng off of negotiations between strik ers and private boat owners. Neither side will yield a point on the eight hour day Issue.