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W THE NEWS FIRST ' - - VOL. XLn. - " .1 " Friday. Rain tonight and Friday. BOISE, IDAHO, THURSDAY, march 13, 1919 No. B8 BORAH ASSERTS GOVERNMENTAL LABOR POUCES ARE VITAL NEED Declares American Workers Must Be Given Share in In dustries, a Share Not Repre sented in Mere Wages. CO-OPERATION FOUNDATION OF ANY DEFINITE' SCHEME Says Heretofore Exigencies, Have Been Met by Juggling! Wages, Never Tackled Prob lems in Way to Solve It. By L. C. MARTIN. Washington, March 13. —American worker*» must be given a share in the industries they help create and main tain—a share not represented in wages, Senator Borah, next chairman of tho senate labor committee, declared today. Borah was dlsçusslng labor legisla tion to be presented at the coming ses sion of the labor congress. •The fundamental thing, the first thing which.most be done," said Borah, "is the formulation of a definite gov ernmental labor policy. This we have never had. 'We have met exigencies as they have arisen by juggling wages, rais ing them here, lowering them there, when it was possible. Wo have never gone at the problem in a way really to solve it. CO-OPERATION KEYSTONE. "Co-operation must be the keystone ! of any real working out on a sound I economic basis of the returns of cap , , .. . ~ .. ital and the workers. Co-operation j must be thought behind a government | labor policy. ' Co-operation, of course, Is impossi- j ble unless both of those who are 1o| co-operate have interest in the busi ness of Industry. It must be an inter- j est on the part of the workers that goes beyond mere wages. Workers must, have an actual share in industry which | will give them the Incentive to co-oper- | ate and make them eager to do so be- \ cause such co-operation means their i own welfare." ' it is from this starting point that Bo- ! rail plans to move in framing recoil struction labor legislation, His record as chairman of this same committee before Ihe Democrats took control of congress includes BORAH S LABOR RECORD. Vigi »rous and successful work In be half of the bill creating the department of labor, of which he is generally re garded as the father; creation of the children's bureau; passage of the act extending the eight-hour law to all government contracts; passage of tlie law creating an industrial commission to report on legislation concerning the adjustment of differences between cap-j Ital and labor; passage of the résolu tion for Investigation of steel industry, whieh resulted in abolition of the sev vn-day week. But though labor has In the past obtained many helplul laws, the present, Borah declared today, is the time to solve tin* whole problem honestly and fairly. "At the end of the war in the «in-| nlng of which labor played such an im portant part, the time is ripe to get to fundamentals and stop meeting la bor problems by expedients which at best are only temporary." Borah said, "Tbe present is the great opportun It y to advance the interests of botli; labpr and capital by putting their re lations on a basis which will last and which will recognize labor's place as it has never before been recognized." CHAIRMAN HAYS SOON TO OPEN CHICAGO QUARTERS Chicago, March 13,—Chairman Will Hays of the Republican national com mittee, conferred today with the com mittee's treasurer. Fred W. Upliam. tt was understood party finances will bo touched upon. Arrangements are being completed today for the opening of headquarters in Chicago. Announce ment probably will be made tomorrow of the man who will be in charge of the Chicago quarters. Hays expected to talk with other Re publican leaders today and tomorrow and to leave Chicago for Washington lats tomorrow afternoon. NEW YORK'S TRANSIT SYSTEM THREATENED IF STRIKE CONTINUES New Yoi*k, March 13.—Fear that Naw York'e transit systems will b« stoppsd if the harbor strike continues, becauas of lack of coal, today caused Frank Hedley, gen eral manager of the Interborough Rapid Transit company, to appeal to Rear Admiral Usher of the navy yard for naval tugs to bring fuel to this port. Ferries operated by tbe railroad administration and scattered ves sels belonging to private owners are the only barber boat« new eperating. BEAN PRICE HITS SLIDE; REAL SLUMP PUTS THE PRODUCT WITHIN REACH Wholesale Figures Reveal Astonishing Tumble, Some Species Falling Off $6.75 Hundred Pounds. New York, March 13.—Extra!!! Beans make big drop. One good old food staffle Is on the toboggan. The humble bean promises to again appear on the poor man's table. While most other foods have tarried at the high price levels to which war conditions boosted them or have settled back only slightly, practically all kinds of beans are astonishingly cheaper than they were last year. Here are some of the figures given out by the bureau of mar kets: Since March, of last year, whole sale prices of New York pea beans have tumbled 36.25 to $6.75 a hun dred pounds; Michigan beans fell off $5.50 to $6.25; California whites dropped $6.25; white Cali fornia limas declined $5.50 to $6.50 and Colorado pintos from $2.75 to $3. All of which, economists say, ought to mean a big drop in beans retail prices and a return to "bean er" prices at the quick lunch. Twenty Members of 116th En ineers From Capitol City Dis charged at Fort Logan Wed nesday and on Way Home. Tw enty Boise men In the 116th engi 0 . T . . neers, formerly the old Second Idaho J regiment, who left for France in fcep Itember, 1917, were discharged at Fort r,ogan, Col., Wednesday, March 12, left fop th , s clty on the samo day and are expected to arrive here either at 9:30 (o'clock tonight or early Friday man, i n g, according to a wire received by the Boise Commercial club from Lieutenant l>onald Kutnewsky this morning, The wire received from Lieutenant Kutnewsky reads as follows: "Impos sible for Boise men to come home to gether. About 20 leaving Wednesday." As soon as the communication was received Secretary Hyatt telephoned E d Peasley, chairman of the celebra u 0 ns committee, who Immediately came to the club and entered into consulta tion regarding meeting the boys und giving them a royal welcome. TO WELCOME HEROES. It was decided to wire William Wal | en 0 f the.Pocatello Tribune to learn W hat train the men would pass through the Gate City on en route for here, asking that he, Wallen, wire the Corn mercial club so that a definite time i or their arrival here would be learned, Accordingly this was done, and the Commercial club will be in position to îic t accordingly as soon as definite in formation is received, ^ the men left Denver Wednesday night as stated, they would reach Poca tello about noon today and Boise to night at 0:30 o'lock, but if they left on Ian early morning train out of Denver, they wou id arrive in Pocatello at 6 oclcx-k and here at 2:30 o'clock Friday j morning. j chairman Peasley of tlie celebrations ; committee immediately arranged with j the Boise Municipal band, George Flu j harty, director, to be in readiness to a i d Boise citizens in welcoming the , boys, and requests that as soon as the band is seen out. that every man, wo man and child in Boise form in behind it to march to the train and greet the ctiy's returning heroes. Those desiring information as to the exact time of the arrival of the men will be told by telephoning the Com mercial club, which should have the Information by 7 o'clock tonight at the latest. SPARTAGANS FORGED TO YIELD POSITIONS Caught Between Two Fires, Radical Forces Evacuate Lichten berg Defenses ; Report War Minister Noske Has Resigned Post; General Lequis Appointed as His Successor. Zurich, March 13.—War Minister Noske resigned Tuesday morning. It was reported in a dispatch from Berlin today. General von Lequis is said to have succeeded him. Amsterdam, March 13.—Dispatches received here today said that S parta - cans caught between two fires were evacuating their positions in Lichten berg. The burgomaster is said to have appealed unsuccessfully to War Min ister Noske to draw off hts troops and replace them with a "people's guard," including Spartacans. United Press dispatches from Berlin dated Tuesday reported yesterday that government troops had captured the greater part of Lichtenberg, but that Spur ta vans had fled to the southeast VALERA MSCIS ENGLISH POWER O'ER IRELAND IS DASEDONFORCE Sinn Fein "President" in State ment Given to U. P. Inter viewer Pleads Cause of New Emerald Isle Republic. NOT CERTAIN PARIS WILL INDORSE 'INDEPENDENCE' Challenges Britain to Allow Ire land Principle of Self Deter mination; Says Elections Prove People Want Liberty. Herewith is the statement of the case of the new Irish repub lic, which asks the peace confer ence to grant it aelf-determina tion. It was written for the infor mation of the American people by Edward De Valera, head of the Sinn Fain, who had bean oallad "president of Ireland." Da Valera recently escaped from Lincoln jail, England and it a fugitive. After writing this document in his hid ing place near Dublin he handed it to a Sinn Fein member of parliament, who conveyed it to Ralph F. Couch, the United Prats correspondent, who found and in terviewed De Valera. The cor respondent brought it to New York in person so there was no censorship. By EDWARD DE VALERA. (President of the Sinn Fein party and member of parliament.) (Copyright 1919, by United Press) Somewhere In Ireland, February 25— England has no right In Ireland. Eng land's de facto government here rests solely on the number of her bayonets. We challenge England to allow Ire land the principle of free self-deter mination. Let that principle be ap plied to this lslagid as a unit and If a Uaatatve majority o# tbo wholo declare for separate independent statehood, then she will be silent. England accepts the principle of self determination for this island. It will settle the Irish question forever. If a decisive majority should de clare for Independence, would not Ire land be justified In claiming that that, and not something less, represents the free choice of the people. The recent elections prove it. WHY THE REFUSAL? On what grounds does England re fuse Ireland's demand? England can not pretend to misunderstand that the challenge we give her Is the challenge of the Irish people. Let us hear why she refuses to meet it. We can ourselves settle our minority question fUlster) because we shall want to. England never will settle that minority question because she de sires to keep it unsettled. Let her re move her interfering hand. We ask the world to listen and to judge between Ireland and England, but if the principle with which the world haB rung for the last four years shall prove to be a mockery, ir Ire land's claim still 1s flouted, then she must find refuge once more in her own indomitable spirit—the spirit which has maintained her in the past. She can still at least endure and de pend upon it. There is a generation now grown up in Ireland that will see to It that If England wants to still rule here she must do so with a never sheathed sword. CONCERNING PARIS. Do I believe the statesmen in Paris will foire England to do justice to Ireland? Many people are asking that question. They are convinced, I sup pose, that of herself England will not do justice to Ireland. They doubt, perhaps, that delegates from the other nations will be either so disinterested or such determined champions of right (Continued on Page Two.) ern part of the city proper, where they had gained recruits and taken up strong positions. By FRANK J. TAYLOR. Berlin, March 11.—Fighting was con tinuing in Berlin tonight over a front of more than 25 kilometers (15A4 miles). ; The city commander announced It was uncertain when the government can master the situation, owing to the Spartacans' infiltration tactics. As fast as the troops reconquer an area, the insurgents spring up in another quar ter. Two hundred and fifty Sparta cans, both men and women, were cap tured in the heart of the city this ev ening. They had gone to their secret headquarters there to get money which was to be apportioned among the Spar tacan force« a« wage«. DRECTORHRES AND R. R. CHIEFS GROPEFORWAY OUT OF MIDDLE Equipment Builders Hold Huge Contracts Which Must Be Re vised or Cancelled; Many Ob stacles Looming Ahead. $100,000,000 PACTS FOR CARS MUSt BE SETTLED These Orders Subject of Con stant Annoyance With Some Roads Refusing to Accept or Pay for Allotment. Washington, March 13—A score of locomotive, car and accessory manufac turers are here today conferring with Director General Hines on plans for financing equipment already com pleted or contracted for. Hines expects to straighten out ex isting difficulties with these com panies as his first move. This must be done before a definite decision can be reached on a scheme to obtain funds for running the roads. The equipment builders here today hold contracts, including unpaid bills, total ling approximately $300,000,000. Some of these contracts undoubtedly will be cancelled according to offi cials. Others will be revived. These contracts, it was explained, were made under war conditions and for war purposes. Peace time needs will be the basis for new calculations. CONSTANT FRICTION. The car builders hold contracts for $100.000,000 worth of freight and pas senger cars. They were ordered last summer by John Skelton Williams, who Is retiring as director of pur chases. Only 26,000 of these have been delivered. The car orders have been a subject of constant differences. Some rail flUg argument tlmt It roads have refused to accept or pay for cars allotted them. They held to expenditure of their capital funds which could well have been dispensed with. Tho rail road administration's stand was that In its capacity of supervising traffic, it was authorized to purclfksc all equipment needed. The car builders, In turn say they have hesitated over what course to pursue. Some of them have gone on the assumption that the railroad ad ministration was a sufficient guaran tee. They, therefore, bought full quantities of material for their con tracts. A few instances were report ed, however, where the car builders purchased material only in sufficient quantities to fill urgent oiders The manufacturers also will be con suited by Hines relative to their at« ^4 e em t0 o^ a payments rr0 T°he e y wfere^un derstood to approve the plan since the warrants will provide new collateral and therefore new credit for them. : TRANSPORT I 1 ■ New _ 1 New York. March 13,-More than 7000 soldiers arrived here today on the Large Overseas Shipment of Yankees Landed at York; Hospital Ship Comfort Docks After Forced Delay. uboar<1 ' America from Brest. The hospital ship Comfort, delayed I sa ss îsnÂ ss sick and wounded. The organizations on the America were the 104th field artillery com plete; 61 officers and 1436 men from New York and Camp Custer; 105th field artillery complete, 56 officers and 1442 men from New York, Camp Cus ter and Camp Sherman; 106th field ar tillery complete. 63 officers and 1547 men from New York, Camp Custer and Camp Grant: 5?nd field artillery,,bri gude headquarters, New York, 11 offi cers and 64 men. Also on board were mobile hospital No. 105, 27 casual offi cers and casual companies from east ern states; the 13th aero squadron, 93rd aero squadron, 155th aero squad ron and 570 sick and wounded. Brigadier General George W. Win gate, commanding the 62nd field ar j j i tillery brigade and Brigadier General Edwurd A. Kroger, of the judge advo cate general's department, were _ _ RUSSIAN REDS PLAN FOR W0RLD-WIDE REBELLION - Helsingfors, March IS.—The Bol sheviki have created'a new cabinet for the purpose of "concentrating for a world wide revolution," according to a dispatch received from Moscow today. M. Moor, a native of Switzerland, is sald to have been named as the flrat minister: BORAH LOOMS UP STRONG AS PRESIDENTIAL ENTRANT; LEAGUE FIGHT WINS AIDES Both Republicans and Democrats in Washington Regard Idaho Senator as Headed for White Housé ; Stand Against League of Nations Looses Boom. (Capital News Special Service.) Washington, March 13.—-.That Senator William Edgar Borah of Idaho has laid a track for himself straight Into the White House is thp commonly expressed opinion of those who are closest to the nation al political situation, both Repub licans and Democrats. A former Democratic member of congress, a Bourbon Democrat at that, said at a little function here In Washington a few days ago where men of all shades of political f.'lth were gathered: " I want you gentleman to watch developmenta and sea what a pro phet I am. I want to predict that Senator Borah will be the next preeidential nominee of the Repub lican party, and I shall go farther than you will expect me as a Dem ocrat to go. I wish further to pre dict that he will be elected." This prophecy came about In a discussion in which it was agreed among all In the company that Senator Borah had laid the founda tion for the fight that Is Just start ing on the proposed league of na tions. The probabilities are, it is TO TELL EUROPEANS OF AMERICAN VIEWS May Issue Public Statement on Arrival at Brest in Effort to Clarify Confusion on League Status in U. S. By ROBERT J. BENDER. Washington, March 13.—That Presl dent Wilson will make a public state ment soon on the attitude of the peo pie toward the league of nation» cove* nant is the conviction expressed by his advisors. Shortly before departing for France the president declared he probably would make such a statement after he arrived in Paris or possibly in response to greetings at Brest, wherein he would attempt to clarify any confusion in Eu - ropean opinion resulting from attacks on tho league in the United States, ! The president, at the time, said such a statement would probably prove nee essary to offset the effect of reports on events here during his short sojourn in ( Washington, j DENIES CENSORSHIP, Secretary Tumulty today denied re ; ts from that cen sorship was ' homng up ncwg ot thoae oppof)lng the Iea * ue to prevent It reaching the peace : censorship." The president In his statement is ex conference | "There Is absolutely no American ; censorship on this news," Tumulty said, "and I know of no foreign government 'pected to declare the people of the I United States are back of him In the 1 plan to establish a league of nations and that senators opposing the plan are not truly representatives of the be liefs of their constituents. The president is known to have taken with him many indorsements of the covenants from representative men. At the same time he is expected to point out that the Republican party, as a barty. has not taken a stand against the covenant. WITHOUT ADVICE. No information was forthcoming to day from officials close to the presl 1 dent he to whether he plans to submit 'to the peace conference any amend me " ts suggested while he «as in this ldent would take if this had been done I ;«:<—«• j country. j At the same time, officials had no advices as to whether the peace con-| had separated in some measure the co i venant from the formal peace treaty as reported or as to what action the pres London. March 13.—Serious trouble ^ a8 a g tt in broken out in Dalmatia be Serious Trouble Again Breaks Out in Dalmatia; Italian Pa trols Attacked ; Insult Flag. Uveen the Italians and Jugo-SIavs, dts paU hes to the Exchunge Telegraph eompany reported today. I Jugo-SIavs compelled the Italian 1 1'C u was' «T V'îïLÜJ™ tain an apology and protect Italian residents. At Spalato, Jugo-SIavs clashed with Italian patrols Monday. Serbian sol diers are said to have aided the Slavs, Order was restored by allied sailors, During a procession of Italians at Tgara, Jugo-SIavs are sai<^ to have at tacked the marchers, dispersing only after Italian troops had intervened. everywhere admitted, that had not Senator Borah taken such a firm stand the president would have succeeded in convincing the country that the constitution for the league as already submitted is satisfac tory. As a consequence of Senator Borah's turning on the light of Ills giant intellect, several millions of people In this country see It differ ently and even President Wilson had to admit before his departure that the thing "needs fixing." MASTERLY ORATION. Senator Borah's speech in analy-. sis of the league -constitution as brought back by President Wilson will go down in history, without one doubt, as one of the great state pa pers, and for oratory it will take rank with Webster's reply to Hayne, many of the elder states men say. There Is no, longer any question in the minds of the other 95 senators about the Identity of the greatest orator in that body, and no better demonstration of what they think can be had than the extraordinary audiences which (Continued on Page Two. Germany's western boundary. Little | difficulty is foreseen In framing this clause of the treaty, owing to the 1 agreement for establishing the Rhenish for Paris and Participate HEAVY SEAS DELAY PRESIDENTIAL SHIP; ARRIVES 11 TONIGHT Wilson to Board Special Train Peace Conference at 6 o'clock Friday Evening, By CARL D. GROAT. Aboard U. S. S. George Wash ington, March 13.— The George Washington continued to lose time today because of the heavy head seas and it was announced the would not reach Brest before 11 o'clock tonight. President Wilson has got hie work in shape for immediate re sumption of peace matters. Brest, March 13.—President Wilson's furlough is scheduled to end at 11 o'clock tonight when the steamer George Washington Is expected to complete her trans-Atlantic voyage In this port. Boarding a special train, the presi dent will leave at once for Paris, ar riving there shortly after noon tomor row. As the next meeting of the su preme council will be called at 6 o'clock that afternoon it is believed he will immediately begin participation in the work of shaping preliminary peace treaty. O. K. BUFFER STATE. According to the present program, the council tomorrow will consider provinces as an independent "buffer state" and making the Rhine an inter national waterway. The president will be met here by Marine Minister Leygues, Captain Tar dieu, Colonel House and the latter's son-in-law, Gordon Auehincloss. Upon his arrival in Paris he will he greeted by President Poincare, members of the cabinet and a guard of honor. The ceremony attending his previous entry into the city will he lacking. ARGENTINE PORT STRIKE COSTS $300,000 OF TAX - Buenos Aires, March 13.—The port ! strike, which has tied up shipping here for more than two mouths, has cost , $390,000 loss in customs receipts, it was announced today. Newspapers are ex periencing great difficulty In securing print paper. More than 100 ships are Idle in the harbor and 280,000 tons of merchan dise are piled up on the docks. There appears to ire no possibility of an ear ly settlement. MENTION CHURCHILL FOR AMBASSADOR TO U. S. Washington. March 13.— Winston Churchill has tjeen mentioned in diplo matic circles a possible successor to the Earl of Reading as British ambassador at Washington. Churchill at present is air minister In the British cabinet and is consider ed foremost among the younger states men of the British empire. THE WEATHER Forecast for Boise and vicinity tonight and Friday. For Idaho: Tonight and Friday, rain. Highest temperature yesterday, 54. Lowest temperature this morning, 47. Mean temperature yesterday, 44. Ral n SAY VOLUNTEER SYSTEMTOGNE HUN CHANCE TO RECOUPARMES French Military. Circles Point Out Enemy Could, Within Five Years, Put Fully Offi cered Forces in Field. 4 CITE HISTORY AS CAUSE FOR OPPOSING PROJECT Regard Proposed Scheme as Chance for Boche to Fit 100,000 War Leaders; De mand Victors Apply Grip. v By WILLIAM PHILLIP SIMMS Paris, March 13—Within five year* after peace is signed Germany will be able to throw a fully officered arm/ of several millions in the field—pro viding the allies impose the golunteer system on that country—according to the belief expressed in French mili tary and official circles today. The French regard the proposed volunteer system, providing for a Ger man army of 100,000, as a potential and stupendous St. Cyr, (the French West Point.) They declare Germany could easily maneuver the system so as to permit only officer material to enter the standing army which would become in reality an officers' training school, yielding after four or five years the equivalent of 100,000 West Pointers. COULD LEAD 10,000,000. These would be sufficient to com injmand an army of 10 , 000 , 000 . France can not forget there are sev eral million comparative youngster« in Germany who can already be re garded as veterans. In addition, it is feared the 12-year term of enlistment would encourage young men to make army life their profession. Admittedly, it is practically impossible to prevent continuation of Germany's shootlnr and turnvereln organizations which in the past were only thinly disguised military training centers. Oermany. the French point out, could disguise the turnverelns and use them as schoolR for privates with the volun teer army as an officers' university. Thus, should the allies consider Ger many disarmed and proceed to dis arm themselves, Germany would at onco become an immense standing peril. HISTORY PROVES PERIL. History, it is emphasized, has proven that Germany may be expected to turn any set of conditions to her maximum advantage. It is recalled that in the early Napoleonic era when her army was limited to little more than a po lice force she trained an entirely new army in a year with the result that she was able to place a formidable force in the field when the opportun ity came. The French prese generally prefere to have conscription retained in Ger many under allied control. If the allies decide to establish the volunteers the press hopes the league will exercise the most drastic regulations over Germany's war-making facilities. Between One and Two Million Rounds Sent Over Last Two Months; Export Has War De partments' Sanction. Washington, March 13—Between one and two million rounds of ammuni Uon hav „ been Hhlppe(1 | nto Mexico in the last two pionths from the United States, it was learned here today. This has been with the approval of the war department, It was stated. * | These shipments ure part of an or der which has been standing with American munition makers for soma two years, it was explained. Ship ments are crossing the border from time to time with the approval of American authorities to meet Car ranza's request for ammunition. Only two courses are open to th« United States in this matter, authori ties explain. One is to allow various Mexican factions to fight among them selves with "sticks" as one official ex pressed and the other Is for th« United States to permit ammunition to get through to the existing author ities. The latter course Is being fol lowed, especially since It is Impossible for Mexico to receive ammunition from other sources. Carranza has called an extra session of the Mexican oongr««« for May 1, the state department «U Informed today.^ !»ORAH TO SPEAK IN CLEVELAND. Cleveland, Ohio, Maroh 13.— Senat«« Borali. opponent to the president's plan for a league of nations. Is to spank here at the annual banquet of the Union league March 26.