Newspaper Page Text
SUNDAY. Rain or anow tonight and 8unday. _ VOL. XLH. BOISE, IDAHO, SATURDAY, MARCH 15, 1919 No. 60 YEAR AGO HUNS READYTOLEAP, NOW HE BOWS AS VANQUISHED Then German Planes Swarmed Oyer Paris With Streets De serted, Now Boche Waits Loser's Part of Peace Edict. HUNGER AND REVOLUTION TAKE JUNKERDOM'S ROLE Enemy Prepares to Turn Over Magnificent Merchant Fleet in Return for Substanence to Thwart Hunger Peril. By FRED S. FERGUSON. Paris, March 15.—One year ago to day the world cowered in anticipation of the launching of Germany's master offensive of the war. On March 21 the blow was struck. Today the final work of the peace aettlement was well under way, the terms of which will bring Germany militarily, to her knees. No greater picture of the triumph of right over might could be presented than the contrast of the president of the world's greatest democracy riding through the streets of Paris today on Ids way to the peace deliberations and these same streets a year ago. THEN AND NOW. Then German airplanes were above, sirens shrieked, the streets became de serted and the city seemed scarcely to breathe. Tonight laughing crowds will throng the streets. Hundreds of chil dren played in the Champs Elysee this afternoon beneath the wheels of long lines of German guns, which a year ago were hurling death in support of au tocracy's last assault. In Germany, hunger and revolution have taken the place of junkerdom. Al lied delegates at Brussels have present ed final conditions to Germany by which she is forced to turn over her magnificent merchant fleet as payment for food from the larder of her ene mies. Completing the picture part of these ships will be used to carry home these thousands of American fighters which the general staff assured the German people would never reach these shores. U. S. AS ARBITER. A year ago America in France meant a scant four line in the midst of the mud "northwest of Toui" which wa held by the first division. What Amer ica in France now' means is written tn terms of Chateau Thierry, the Vesle, Cantignv, St.' Mihiel and the Argonne, But even more significant is the fact that now all the Europeans turn to America as the arbiter. In the final, delicate negotiations to come she stands out as the only dis interested pafrty. Delegates come to the American representatives to pre sent arguments and claims expecting to get from them an unbiased opinion. As the committees are winding up their work of final resolutions the word from every delegation was "We are now waiting for President Wilson." HIS FINAL WORD. Numerous questions arc awaiting his final word. For instance the matter of disposition of the German fleet will be presented to him for his opinion. • With France and Italy desiring a por tion of those vessels, the fact is ap parent that friction also has developed between naval and civilian represen tatives on other delegations. The na val men in w'hat might be regarded as a curious manner, from the standpoint of precedent, favor sinking the ships. One of their arguments is that such a course will be in alignment with the disarmament move. The civilians op pose sinking the ships on the grounds of economic loss. Excepting such side Issues the stage has been set for speeding the work of bringing about peace. If all moves on schedule the treaty may bo ready and the Germans* summoned by the anni versary of the very day when they be gan their last desperate attempt to con" quer the w'orld. TONIGHT'S THE DEAD LINE ON INCOME TAX RETURNS Washington, March 15—Stop! Look! Listen! Midnight's the dead line on your income tax returns. If you don't get under the wire by that time with your innermost fi nancial secrete and maks pay ment number one of a series of four antes, then the penalties atart to pilo on. And thoy pila on fast—at the rata of ono par cent per month of procrastination. PREDICTS WILSON WILL BE RENAMED PRESIDENT . Richmond, Va. t March 15 Wood row Wilson will again sorva . tho United State, at president ac cording to Norman E. Mack, New York national committeeman. Maok, hare on a visit, predicted Wilson will bo tho choice of tho people in 1920. Pershing, Harding or Wood will ha the Republican candidate in Mask's opinion. IEI Paris Papers Again Acclaim Him as World Leader; Fear of the President's Idealism Overcome; Now Demand League as Salvation otf the World. By WILLIAM PHILLIP SIMMS. Paris, March 15—''Because ot the attacks to'which he has been subjected by certain Americans whose political interests are ex aggerated nationalism. President Wilson came back to us dearer to our hearts than ever." This sentiment from the pen of Auricede Walef, editor of the Paris Midi, tells In a nutshell the opinion of the average French man. Thus, President Wilson enters the third phase of the peculiar status of his relations witli the French people, whose Latin tem perament has given full sway to their emotions in the past three months. When the president ar rived in December everybody lauded his sense of justice but many feared his scheme for the league of nations was too utopian. However, he was considered the Committee of National Defense Council to Continue Work Dropped by the United States Employment Service. Washington, March 15.—To provide employment for returned soldiers and sailors, an emergency committee of the council of national defense was organ ized today. With unemployment again increasing the committee was believed to be nec essary because of the 80 per cent re duction of the United States employ ment service. It will take over the soldiers' and sailors' work of the serv ice. Appeals were telegraphed today to all governors and-mayors of the principle cities and chairmen of all state coun cils of defense asklg assistance In the work and suggesting the immediate opening of state anti municipal employ ment offices to succeed the one of the federal government that will be closed March 33. TAKE OVER AGENCIES. The board will take over the 2000 branch agencies of the welfare asso ciation which have been directed by the soldiers' and sailors' bureau of the em ployment service. "It will be the task of the commit tee," said the organizations' first state ment, "to secure the continuance of every such bureau and establishment of them in communities where they are needed." Colonel Arthur Woods of New York, Uason officer of the war department in charge of soldiers' employment, is chairman of tho committee. NOTABLES ON BOARD. Other members are Chairman Hur ley of the shipping board; Assistant Secretary of the Navy Roosevelt; Na than A. Smyth, department of labor;* G. I. Christie, assistant secretary of ag riculture; B. S. Cutler, commerce de partment; S. F. Bush, industrial board; E. J. Ayers, interior department; El liott Goodwin, United States chamber of commerce; Matthew Woll, American Federation of Labor; Director Clark son, council of national defense, and John W. Ilallowell of Boston. To Operate Aerial Carriers Be tween Los Angeles and San Diego and Possibly Across the Continent in Future. New York, March 15.—An aerial passenger service, operating between I-os Angeles and San Diego and Los Angeles, Pasadena and Riverside, which later will be extended to El Paso and possibly across the continent, will be in operation by August 1, according to plans of western promoters and Wesley A. Hill, announced today. Hill has placed orders for four American bombing planes, so altered as to carry 1 2 passengers and baggage. A schedule or !>0 minutes for the 120 mile trip between Los Angeles and San Diego will be maintained. Hill declared. The fare will he *12.50 for the River side and *25 for the San Diego trip. If the route proves popular another Los Angeles to San Francisco service, 470 miles, will be established. Hill says. TO FORCE STOCKS' RETURN. Rome, March 15—A commission will go to Austria to compel the return of 170,000 cattle which the Austrians requisitioned from the invaded terrl tories, it was announced today. world's super-thinker and was ap plauded. Later the league appear ed to be practical but many feared that same sense of Justice they had praised might lead him to be over-lenient with Germany. His popularity decreased. Today the French admit the necessity of feeding Germany out of sheer self-protection, while they demand formation of the league as the only means for salvation of the world. Wilson's principles have won out to such a degree that the French press defends him from the attacks of some of his own countrymen. Tlie Temps says the French "re joice at President Wilson's re turn," and the Liberté declares, ' the shouts of the people serve as a reminder to President Wilson that Paris is faithful to her friends." AMENDED LEAGUE IF SENATEWILLO. K. IT Defends Opposition of Borah, Reed and Thomas ; Says Cov enant Can Be Revised to Ov ercome Present Objections. Fort Dodge. Iowa, March 15.—Sena tor W. S. Kenyon of Iowa. Republican, has issued his first formal statement on the league of nations. While Senator Kenyon favors the league, he Insists there should be amendments the proposed constitu tion before it is ratified by the senate. Tile question of taking the league now offered or losing it forever has not miser, and in Kenyon's opinion, never will. Referring lo the activities of Sena tors, Knox. Borah, Thomas, Reed and Cummins. Kenyon said: "Those senators are just as patriotic as those who denounce them, and far more. able. Thoy are actuated only by patriotic motives. CLARITY NECESSARY. "Get the peace treaty first and then discuss the ihague," said Kenyon. "People have the right to demand that ambiguous clauses are made made plain in such a document which af fects the whole world." Kenyon urged that the voting power of tile United. States be increased in the body of the peace conferences. ' "President Wilson should be praised for what he has done in helping for mulate the league plans," added Ken yon. "I have no patience with those who are trying to embarrass him, either for political or other reasons.*' Kenyon said, however, that Presi dent Wilson should encourage discus sion and suggestions on the league. By L. C. SMITH. Washington, Mardi 15.—Senator Kenyon's statement on the league of nations was received here today with undisguised satisfaction by those fight ing the proposed constitution. Kenyon's statement, declaring for amendment of the constitution before it is submitted to the senate for ratifica tion, was made after he had spent nearly a week in ills home state. Iowa, talking to his constituents. Further than that, Kenyon declined to sign the "round robin" of the opposition sena tors. He announced before leaving Washington that he had not made up his mind on the proposal and would do so only after he had gone directly to his people and got their views. AS IT NOW STANDS. The fact that ho now takes the same stand as the "senate 37" who signed the round robin indicates, league oppon ents said, that the sentiment in Iowa at least Is against the league in its present form. "People have a right to demand," said Kenyon that ambiguous clauses be made plain in such a document which affects the whole world." This was taken here to mean that Kenyon's people are demanding that the league pact's language be cleared up. GOTHAM HARBOR STRIKE ON EVE OF SETTLEMENT New York, March 15.—The New York harbor strike dwindled rapidly today as the boat owners met the men's de mands for an eight-hour day and high-, er pay. According to the estimate of Presi dent Delahunty of the Marine Work ers' affiliation. 4000 men were still on strike this morning. This Is-about 30 per cent of the number that originally quit. * Conciliator Hughes today made a further effort to mediate between the strikers and private boat owners who have not yet agreed to the union terms. FAMOUd ACTRE8S ILL. Cleveland, Ohio March 16—Lauretta Taylor, actress, is, seriously 111 with Influenza, her husband, J. Hartley Manners, announced today. DUBLIN MAYOR FEARS REVOLT SOON TO VISIT EMERALD ISLE Says Situation Most Serious With People Constantly Stirred by Continued Pres ence of British Soldiers. FEARS AMERICA LOSING SYMPATHY WITH IRISH Cites Wilson's Refusal to Visit Ireland as Rebuff; Taxpay ers Strike One Form of Pro test Now Considered. By RALPH COUCH. (Copyright 1919 by United Press) New York, March 15.—Foreseeing possible bloody revolution, the one pub lic official in Dublin who has the con fidence of all factions is trying to unito the various Irish political elements In some form of colonial home rule. That man is Laurence O'Neil, lord mayor of Dublin. He was recently in augurated for his third term. This is unusual, as custom long ago decreed tho lord mayor could serve but one term. Although I went to the Mansion house to interview O'Neil just before leaving Dublin a fortnight ago. I soon found that I was being interviewed in stead. 'Is America against us?" he asked immediately. "That is the only interpretation I can put on the failure of President Wilson to acknowledge the Invitation to come to Ireland." SERIOUS SITUATION. When asked to give his view of con ditions in Ireland, he said: "The situation Is most serious. The feelings of the people are stirred by the continual presence here of thousands of soldiers. Nobody knows what will happen and everybody fears the worst. The military rule is severe. Men are arrested and imprisoned, often without trial. Nearly 100 are in English pris ons. (Reports have since been re ceived in this country that these pris oners are being released.) "America, we are hoping, will use her Influence to help us better our con dition. But if the Americans have lost their sympathy for us, I don't know what will happen." In appearance O'Neil is not at all what imagination pictures the wearer of the gold chain of a lqrd mayor's of fice. He is small and thick-set, not big and pompous. He speaks with a slight musical brogue and there is a continual look of weariness in his eyes. His friends say he works longer hours than any man in Dublin. He sometimes makes appointments as early as 7 o'clock in the morning. Visitors are not infrequent at the Mansion house at night after dinner. DIFFICULT POSITION. O'Neil is credited with having made the big yellow Mansion house the "only free building in Dublin." "My position has been difficult be cause I had to please so ma"y ele ments,' lie explained. "My duty has been one of pouring oil on troubled waters.- Any group can meet here no matter what their political opinions. "It seems as if everybody comes here at least once a (lay to protest against something. Perhaps some day the Irish won't have to protest continu ally. Meanwhile, we are sitting on the lid, nobody knows when it will blow off." A tax payers strike is one form of direct action now being considered by the Sinn Eeln national council, di recting revolutionary tactics in Ire land. This is one of several measures short of open rebellion which the Sinn Feiners will call tho world's atten tion to what they call "Britain's army of 200,000 bayonets accupyiug Ire land." Leaders say the strike will be adopted as a national Sinn Fein policy If the party is successful in winning majorities In the county councils at the local elections in June. ANTI-TAX CAMPAIGN. Under the strike plan, the national council would begiu a country-wide campaign to persuade all Irishmen not to pay taxes. The cmmcil would issue a general appeal to this effect. The appeal would be followed up by solicitations to tax payers directed through the 1900 Sinn Fein clubs scat tered throughout Ireland with their 750,000 membership. The government would soon find it almost impossible to collect taxes on real property, it is believed. Liens on furniture and other effects would be wasted in legal action, leaders say. The furniture could not be sold to pay the indebtedness, they predict. "No Irish auctioneer would consent to act at such rates," sa\d a Sinn Fein leader. "Then Irish laborers would refuse to remove the sold goods to the wharves and Irish sailors would refuse to carry it on their ships. England soon would find herself without tho mllions of pounds sterling that she now squeezes ' out of Ireland." HM M TOTAL 0FT.4I9.3IK Washington, March 15—Demob ilization of the American army now stands at 1,419,386, the office of the chief of staff announced today. The demobilization work has been slowed up, a table shows but this is due, It was said to the fact that nearly all the men in this country except those needed to maintain the camps have been dis charged. This week's total of de mobilization of 34,031 is the small est of any week since November 23. Future demobilization work, it was stated, depends now almost entirely on the rapidity with which men are returned from overseas. Orders issued November 11 for demobilization approximat ed 1,678,500, showing that all but about 250,000 of the number are now back to civilian life. The original orders included 1,305,000 EMILE GÖTTIN, PREMIER CLEMENCEAU ASSAILANT, WILL BE EXECUTED SOON Young Anarchist Givsn Death Sentence After Brief Trial; Realized What Waa Coming. Paris, March 15.—Emile Cottln, under sentence of death for shoot ing Premier Clemenceau, probably will be executed within 15 days, it was announced today. The young anarchist was con victed and sentenced late yester day after a trial lasting but a few hours. He was pale and nervous throughout the proceedings, but declared during his examination that had he escaped he might have made another attempt on the pre mier's life. He admitted he was "filled with emotion" the day of the ehooting, saying that only a lunatic would have failed to show emotion at such a time, "especially as I real ized what was coming to me after ward." A great crowd attended the trial which began shortly after noon. Cottin was In the chargo of four republican guards. OFFICER DENIES EVER Major Browne, Said to Have Wired Money to Victim's Companion, Vigorously Dis claims Knowledge of Girl. San P'rnncisco, March 15.—Denial that he even knew Miss Inez Elizabeth Reed, army nurse here, found dead in San Mateo last week, was telegraphed to police today from Fort Riley, Kan., by Major Charles H. Browne, 164th depot brigade, according to detectives. This followed a statement by a girl accompanying the nurse here from Kansas, that she exchanged telegrams with a Major Browne, who telegraphed her $75. The dead girl frequently mentioned an attentive major in her letters to friends. Major Browne is said to publish a newspaper at Horton, Kan., and is the nephew of Ewing Her bert, owner of several newspapers in northeastern Kansas and a livestock paper in St. Joseph, Mo., say the po lice. A board of army officers is working on the case today. That Miss Reed met her death by a criminal operation was the verdict of the coroner's jury last night. LOW MERCURY AND SNOW PREDICTED COMING WEEK Washington, March 15—Forecast for the period March 17 to 22, in clusive: Rocky mountains and northwest —northern Rocky mountaine and plateau regions: Low temperature greater pert of tho coming weak with much uneattlac weather and occaeional enow. Southern Rocky mountain and plataau regions: Low tempera ture during coming week; raina and anowe probable firat part of weak and generally fair weather thereafter. Pacifio coaet states: Frequent raine probable during the coming waok with temperature balow nor mal. . THE WEATHER Forecast for Boise and vicinity— RAIN OR SNOW TONIGHT AND SUNDAY. > For Idaho—Rain or snow tonight or Sunday. Highest temperature yesterday.... 47 Lowest temperature this morning.. 33 Mean temperature yeaterday...... 40 troops In the United* States and 373,500 overseas men. 1074 ON NEW JERSEY. Newport News, Va., March 15— The battleship New Jersey arrived here today with the 412th tele graph battalion complete; casual Companys from Virginia, Illinois. Mississippi, Texas, Oklahoma and Nebraska. The total aboard was 1074. '115th ON HIGH SEAS. Washington, March 15—The 115th field artillery sailed from Havre March 13 on the Köningen der Niederlanden, war department cables said today. It is due to reach Newport News on the 23rd. The 105th ammunition train al so sailed on the Nederlanden, be sides headquarters motor battalion company A, B, C and D, medi cal and ordnance detachments. IE COII INTO FEDERAL TILL; Reports Reveal Unusually Large Number of Taxpayers Disre gard Installment Privileges; Many Tangles Are Presented. Washington, March 15.—Approxi mately *2,000,000,000 in federal income taxes will be in the hands of revenue collectors tonight, treasury officials ex pect. If only one-fourth of the estimated tax, assessed by the new revenue laws were paid in, the payments to midnight would exceed *1,600,000,000. But reports from every collector dis close an unusually large number of taxpayers are disposing of their feder al taxes without taking advantage of installment privileges. NOT ALL IN TILL. Although a *2,000,000,000 payment Is believed certain, it does not mean the government will have that sum in its coffers. There were more than *800, 000,000 In treasury certificates of in debtedness Issue with the privilege of redemption in tax payments. Many and perhaps all of these will be turned back to the treasury, according to officials. Reports received early today indi cate that collectors were doing a bar gain-day business. Nearly every col lector some time during the past week has advised the bureau of revenue that he has been forced to expand his office force. They were unable to handle the late payments promptly, advices state. PUZZLING PROBLEMS. To add to the difficulties of 11th hour payments, the number of puzzles arising out of the present law appar ently have Increased as the time limits draw near. It was officially predicted here that the number of specific cases coming before the bureau for decision would be at least 4 per cent larger than »Inder the old law. These, of course, aid in slowing up collections and will cause congestion In every revenue office until the strike of 12 tonight, it was said. BRADYSTILL AFTER IT Pocatello Promoter to Offer Rickard $160,000 for Wil lard-Dempsey Fight. Pocatello, Idaho, March 15—Robb Brady, millionaire son of former United States Senator Brady, is still after the Dempsy-Wlllard light. Today Brady wired Tex Rickard, asking him to consent to a long ilis tance talk from New York •> Salt ]*ake with Brady and Fred ltulse, once Rickard's partner. They will ask Rickard under what conditions he will consent to staging the Wlllard-Dempsey match as a 20 iround fight tn Pocatello. Brady Is prepared to offer *160,000 to buy the fight outright and is prepared, he says, to raise a cool quarter million if necessary. Brady left at noon for Salt Lake. REPORTS U. S. FOOD SHIP HITS MINE OFF SCOTLAND Washington, March 16—The shipping board's vessel. Yselhaven, with a cargo of food, is reported to have struck a floating mine north of Scotland, Ad miral Sims stated today in a dispatch to the navy department. No details are yet available. The vessel left Baltimore for London Feb. 18. The ship was of 3558 gross tons. i NATIOH LEAGUE TO BE PART OF PEACE TREATY, WILSON CABLES Tumulty Announces Paris Con ferees Definitely Decide the Question; President Officially Informed of Progress. EVERY MOMENT IS FILLED WITH A RUSH OF ACTIVITY Wilson Confers With Lloyd George and Clemenceau, Then With Mrs. Wilson Calls at President Poincare's Home. New York, March 15 —The coun cil at Paris haa definitely decided that the league of nations is to bo part of the peace treaty, Joseph P. Tumulty, secretary to Präsident Wilson, announetd today. He de clared the president had se oabled him. Secretary Tumulty's statement was made with reference to reports that the league would not be Included In the peace treaty. Tumulty's statement fol lows: "I cabled direct to the president at Paris, asking him If there was any truth In these reports and I am this .morning in receipt of a cable from the president stating that the plenary council has positively decided the league is to be part of the peace treaty; that there Is absolutely no truth in any report to the contrary." By CARL D. GROAT. Paris, March 15—President Wilson today was expected to »irge Inclusion of the league of nations In the preli minary peace treaty with Germany. It was understood he believes that such a course not only is possible but ad visable. The president's attitude In this re gard was to he made known. It was understood, either at an Informal meeting this noon or at the session of the supreme war council, called for 3 o'clock this afternoon. At the noon meeting he was to be officially ac quainted with progress made in the pence work during his absence. Despite the activities of the various committees while he was away, his return has given new impetus to every department of the peace conference owing to the fact that settlement of many questions was contingent on his judgment and leaders were more hope ful than ever today that the prelimi nary treaty would be ready for sub mission to the Germans beginning March 20 and 22. TO SOUND OPINIONS. Under this rule there will be an early meeting of the league of na tions committee of which Wilson Is chairman and .various nationalities, in cluding neutrals, will be sounded for suggestions and ideas. It is pointed out that he does not expect the complete structure of tha league to be created at once but It is understood he favors adoption of the present constitution with minimum of amendments as a foundation. The meeting of the supreme council this afternoon was called for the pur-' pose of discussing military terms otj the treaty, preparatory to drawing up the complete pact next week. The president did not have an idle moment from the time he arrived hero yesterday noon until he retired. Pre mier Lloyd Gearge was waiting at the Wilsons' new residence in the Place des Etats Nnis. Their conference last ed until 2 o'clock. CONSULT CLEMENCEAU. Both spent 45 minutes at lunch and then hurried to the Hotel Grillon where they conferred with Premier Clemenceau until 5:30. Then the presi dent. accompnnied by Mrs. Wilson, i called on President and Madam Poin care, after which they returned lo their residence for dinner. Great crowds gathered outside the Crillon before Wilson's arrival. They cheered him when he entered then waited patiently until he emerged r.early three hours later with Premier Clemenceau when he was given an other ovation. Lloyd George, who ap peared later, also was cheered. PARIS EDITOR SAYS HUN ACCEPTS DEMAND THAT FLEET BE TURNED OVER Paris, March 15—L'lntrasigeant said today tt understands the eco nomic negotiations at Brussels have been concluded and that the Germans signed the allies eco nomic demands. Dispatches received here yester day said the allied economic coun cil had presented its program, permitting the Germans to make Interrogations for clarification of Its provisions but refusing to dis cuss them with the enemy repre sentatives. The allied prograni provides for Immediate food ship ments Into Germany, continuing until the new German crops are available in August. In return, the Germans will surrender their merchant fleet, the rental of which will be applied on payments for *he food.