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ALL THE HEWS
FIRST EVENING CAPITAL NEWS WEATHER MONDAY. Cloudy tonight) Tuss day, rain.__ vol. xm. BOISE, IDAHO, MONDAY, MARCH 17, 1919 No. 62 RADICALS PUN ! NEW REVOLT H APRIL; PRESTIGE DAILY GROWING German Reds, Spurred by Gov ernment's Weakening Power, Schedule Establishment of Soviet Regime Next Month.. CABINET'S POSITION NOW SERIOUSLY THREATENED Spartacans Readily Evade Eb ert's Military Net and Con stant Reinforcements Added to Ranks; Deny Reported Atrocities. % Copenhagen, March 17— John von Arnim, former commander of the German armiee in Flandera, waa clubbed to death by a mob of infuriated peasants in Asch, Bohemia it was reported in dis patcheè received here today. The murder of von Arnim fol lowed his firing shots at peasants who trespassed on his grounds. Afterwards the peasants pillaged the castle. By FRANK J. TAYLOR. (Copyright, 1919, by United Press.) Berlin, March 13.— (By Courier to Paris.)—German radicals, heartened by the failure of the government to com pletely stamp out the Spartacan up rising, are planning to proclaim estab lishment of a soviet government next month. While the cabinet continues to strug gle with the Spartacans and tries to untangle the apparently hopeless food and industrial and political problems, all radical elements are unitng In per fecting their revolutionary program. They are confident they will win from the exhausted government. Even gov ernment officials are beginning to ad mit the cabinet's position is seriously threatened despite the optimistic re ports given out by the official press bureau, and the semi-official Wolff agency. Conservative members of the foreign office, supporters of War Min ister Noske and others are speculating as to the endurance of the Ebert Scheidemann government. REDS EVADE NET. Although the government has by no means suffered military defeat. Its troops have not succeeded in surround ing I be Spartacans, who have escaped from various nets an.l have retreated into the suburbs, where they are re sisting desperately and cleverly. The government so far has been unable to muster enough troopr to capture the Spartacans and at the same time effectively guard the large Berlin area. The newspapers arc filled with appeals for volunteers, but responses are negli gible. It has become evident that large numbers of the Spartacans who es caped from Berlin are stirring up fur ther trouble in outlying districts. Their hatred has been fanned by Noske's order to execute all who resist the government. The radicals regard this as a sign of weakness and final des peration on the part of the govern ment. They emphatically deny atroci ties attributed to them by the govern ment, declaring such stories are being used In an effort to win the people's support of Noske's harshness. support of Noske's harshness. BLAME CRIMINALS. They admit that undoubtedly some ' escaped criminals have committed acts i of cruelty but say these Infrequent occurrences have been capitalized by the government press bureau and the Wolff agency. The people, following their usual custom, believe or disbe lieve these stories according to the fac tion with which they are in sympathy. Regardless of any claims which may be made by government agencies, Ger many Is rapidly becoming converted to sovietism, as the result of radical pro paganda and agitation. At the begin ning of this year the vast majority of Germans was strongly opposed to the soviets on the ground that such or ganizations signified Bolshevism. Its idea Is changing, especially since the radicals have received equal represen tation of employers in all soviets, re gardless of their numerical inferiority. It Is now proposed that the bundesrat (tipper legislative house) be abolished and a new soviet congress be estab lished In Its place, representing all working groups. This would provide representation for the people according to thd social status, while the relch stag would represent them according to localities. MAY DEMAND MORE. Supportera of such an organization are growing rapidly. The group may provide for It in the constitution, hop ing thus to avoid the April revolution, but there Is a possibility that the rad icals—-confident they have the upper hand—will demand oven more, al though their, program for governmental changes has hot been made publio. It la known, however, that the radicals believe It Is necessary for the workers to exercise direct control over all In dustries. They fear otherwise that many industries will rsmaln Idle, sines tha capitalists are not eager to rs <r/int<au«d on Pafe Two.) SEVEN IHI DEAD I OKLAHOMA SIMS Scores Injured, Tremendous Property Loss in Wake of Tor nado Series That Swept the State From Southeast to Northwest ; Rain Deluge Damages Kansas Towns. Oklahoma City, Oklu., March 17 —Seven persons are dead and scores injured, some of whom may ,die, following the series of torna does that swept Oklahoma from southwest to northwest Saturday night. Property damage Is esti mated to run into six figures. C. O. Foust and his wife at Hinton, Okla., were killed, several others were hurt and damage estimates are high in the thousands. Nine residence and 20 barn buildings were demolished. Dipping at scattered points all across Kingfisher county, the tor nado Killed three outright and se verely injured several more. RAIN ON RAMPAGE. Kansas City, Mo.. March 17.— Thousands of dollars' worth of damage to farm lands and small towns was the result, it was be lieved today, of unprecedented rainfall In northeastern Kansas. SOLON'S QUERY ABOUT CONTROLLER'S STATUS ROUSES GLASS' WRATH Washington, March 17.—Repre sentative McFadden today drew the fire of Secretary Glass over the Pennsylvanian's query as to how John Skelton Williams was being retained as controller of the cur rency. Glass even returned McFad den's letter, saying he "did not care to retain it for his files." Glass explained privately that he was authorized by law to make a continuing appointment in the case, but In his reply to McFadden, he declared that he "felt under no obli gation to respond to an offensively impertinent and deliberately me dacious communication." PUBLIC TO BE JUDGE AT L0WELL-L0DGE TALKFEST Boston, March 17.—The public will be the Judge In the debate on the league of nations between Senator Bodge and Dr. Bowell, of Harvard, here Wednesday evening, it -was learned today. There will be no offi cial judges, It was stated. HI3 CITIZEN'S PAPERS ON ST. PATRICK'S DAY Famed Irish Singer to Be Full Fledged American in 90 ! Days; Shies at Newspaper Scribes' Camera. New York, March 17—John McCor mack, the Irish singer, filed applica tion for his final naturalization papers here today after an hour and a half automobile drive through downtown j streets in search of the proper depart- ' ment in which to Lake that procedure. In 90 days McCormack may take the final oath in the supreme court. Arriving at the county clerk's office accompanied by his wife and several friends, McCormack was led to the deputies desk and proceeded to ans wer a number of gestions which were recorded in a mammoth book. Cluster ed about waiting their turn were a number of would-be citizens of varied nationalities. After taking the oath on his state ments a photographer asked the singer to pose with his hand uplifted. "Go on with you," McCormack replied, "An oath's an oath, and you me take that pose.'' THOUGHT IT RED BOMB. Just as he was signing the book one of the photographers took a flash light. "Wowow" yelled McCormack, who had apparently forgotten about the picture men, "I thought it was a Bolshevik." Emerging on to the street, McCor mack was forced to push a way for hl« wife and self through a crowd of sev eral hundred persons wearing sham rocks and many carrying small green flags. "Where's your shamrock?'* cried a woman in the throng. "Sure and I left it home on the mantle piece," answered McCormack. can't make 1 ! SEEK OAKLAND YOUTH AS VIOLATOR OF MANN LAW Oakland, Cal.. March 17 —Charging Mann act violation, pollç* are today seeking Beon Barker, 18-year-old son of Henry Barker, local hotel man. The quest follows a confession, police say by Doris Wagner, 16, of Oakland, that she accompanied the missing youth to Reno and lived aa hia wife. Barker has been sought for several days by his father. No trace had been found until Miss Wagner, with whom the youth had kept company, waa Interviewed. To the police the girl s tu ted that they went to Reno by Sacramento. Many families were forced to flee from their homes. Flood warnings were sent out today from Wichita, 1-awrence and Bonner Springs, where further danger was anticiphted. Two cloudbursts caused at least $300,000 damage to business houses at Atchison, Kan. Nearly a mile of Santa Fe railroad tracks was washed out near Richland, Kan., and traffic on the Missouri Pacific was interrupted by Inundated roads. GALE SWEEPS IOWA. Clinton, Iowa, March 17—Thou sands of dollars worth of damage was created by a tornado which swept across the west end of Clin ton county at 8 o'clock Saturday night. At Bowden the roof of a grain elevator was torn off and a dance hall blown down. Near Toronto barns were destroyed and farm houses damaged. No loss of life or personal Injuries are re ported. _ SAYS H.C.L. SLUMP NECESSARY TO EASE Federal Reserve Board De clares Sorely-tried Consum er Must Be Appeased to Complete Readjustment. Washington, March 17.—Reduction in living costs to the consumer was put forwnrd today by the federal reserve board as the key to the readjustment period. The sorely-tried consumer must have an inning if the transfer from war to peace is effectually made, the board says in the bulletin, made public here. "Readjustment is a problem," the bulletin states, "which involves a cur tailment of costs of production to a point where our manufacturers are able to satisfy domestic trade and to compete favorably with foreigners for export. It involves a readjustment of values generally upon a new basis created by normalization of prices and wages. Filially, It Involves the ef fective transfer of labor from war work back to peace time employment at a stable satisfactory remuneration." TEAM WORK NEEDED. The board says that each of these factors must bear its share In the gen eral process of readjustment. If these /do "team work," the board predicts a smooth recession from the great Infla tion of prices and the additions to the "consumers living costs on every side." In connection with its analysis of the readjustment situation, the board di recta attention to "shifting of Invest - Intents'' without due appreciation of the hazards of the situation." It warns that dangers are particularly acute in this respect since a war loan Is being floated at a time when the whole In dustry is busily reorganizing. MUST WIDEN SCOPE. The opinion is voiced that while the great readjustment is taking place ex porters as well as domestic manufac turers should take into account the in ternational trade situation. New ex ports are going to enter America and exporters ure going to enter new mar kets so that a single industry cannot consider only its individual self, it was explained. Its relation to all other lines, domestic as well as foreign must be considered. "PrincessTats" home AFTER 4 YEARS OF WAR Hallfnx, N. S„ March 17.—Princess Patricia's own regiment, the "Prin 1 ceRS arrived here today aboard ! the transport Carman la from England, after having served four years In the war. The "Princess Pats" were the first Canadian troops to fight on French soil. Only eight of the original bat talion returned, it was said. T T Irish Parliament Seeks British Permit for Delegates to Attend Conference. Dublin, March 17.—The Irish parlia ment, which will convene again in a few daye, will ask the British govern ment to provide aafe conduct for It« delegates—Professor Edward de Va lera, Arthur Griffith and Count Plun kett to attend the peace conference, it was announced today. A number of members who recently were released front English prisons will attend par Rainent for the first time. In asking "safe conduct"-for its dele gates the Irish parliament will take tha same action that any Independent country would. If the Irish wished to recognize British authorities, would ask merely for passports. they OVER 52 SUONS OPPOSE UAHS * 41 REPUBLICANS HAVESIGNEDUP Covenant Opponents Claim Clear Majority in Senate Against Present Draft; 11 Democrats Against Project. SEVERAL OTHERS SLATED TO JOIN THE OPPOSITION Borah and Reed Scheduled to Invade Middle West This Week on Speech Tours; Na tional Chairmen in Squabble. By B. C. MARTIN. Washington, March 171—A clear ma jority of the next senate is pledged to vote against thè league of nations constitution unless amended, league opponents declared today. Eleven Democrats, they say, have either openly or privately declared their opposition to the compact In its present form. Forty-one Republicans are definitely on record against the covenant. This makes a total of 52, three more than a majority of the senate. In addition, a number of other Dem ocrats are known to he opposed to some provisions of the constitution, but their objections may not be strong enough to lead them to vote against It ADD TO "ROUND ROBIN." The Republican opposition to the present form of the constitution is made up of the 39 signers of the "round robin" with Norris and Kenyon added since adjournment of congress. Democrats openly in opposition In clude Reed, Thomas and King. Those who have not come out. openly are refraining from doln? so, they said, because they see the strongest indications that amend ments may be made which will make It satisfactory to them. In fact, one of them said today that President Wilson should be given an opportunity to make the league conform to Ameri can ideals before they "criticize him further by coming out openly against him." CHAIRMAN'S SQUABBLE. Much Interest was manifested here today In the effort of Democratic Na tional Cha'rman Homer S. Cummings to put the Republicans, through Will H. Hays, their national chairmun, on record ns a party. The present week sees the beginning of the opposition's invasion of the mid dle west. Borah and Reed are sched uled for meetings In St. Bouts and Kansas City, and Borah may speak ii: Cleveland. ! i I 304th Tank Brigade With Cali «rom» fornia Colonel in Command Aboard ; Troops From All Parts of Country Brought Back. New York. March 17.—The 3041h tank brigade headquarters with 65 oi flcers and 1456 men arrived today on the transport Patrla. Colonel George Patten Jr. of San Gabriel. Cal., was in command, having been detailed to that organization from General Pershing s staff, which he Joined as a captain when he first reached France. Of the three battalions in the organ ization. composed principally of New Yorkers, only the 344th saw action in St. Mlhiel and the Argonne. Other or ganizations aboard were: Casual com panies 1902. Boulsiana; 1905, Texas: 109, Arkansas; 1912, New York; 1913, North Dakota; and 194, South Dakota. There were also 67 casual officers on board, of whom 34 were in the air service. JERSEY CAR STRIKERS CONSIDER PROPOSALS OF WAR LABOR BOARD Newark, N. J,, March 17.—Tha New Jersey trolley strike will end tomorrow morning at 4 o'clock. Union car men 1800 strong of the E'tax division this afternoon voted unanimously to accept tha terme of a truce, granting conces sions to tha man. Newark, N. J., March 17.—Striking street car workers voted today on proposal submitted by the war labor board for settlement of their contro versy with the traction company, was expected this vote would end the strike which tied up trolley travel in northern New Jersey. A federal medi ator will referee the question of rec ognition of the amalgamated union, wh'ch is one of the demands of the strikers. SOME OF NON-PARTISAN LEAGUE LEGISLATION TO BE VOTED ON BY PEOPLE Leaders Agree to Submit Contested Laws to Referendum—Seek to Clear League Record. Biimarck, N. D., March 17.—Non Partiaan league leadera today agreed to submit soma of the leg islation passed at the recent ses sion of tha general assembly to a referendum vote. The purpose, they declared, was not to defeat the measures, but to clear the rec ord of the leaguo. Attorney General William Lab gar, Auditor Curl R. Koaitzy and Traaauror Obert Olson, league Isadora, declared they favored cir culating patitions asking for a ref erendum on the judicial redistrict ing bill and tha bill putting school, panai and charitable institution« undar a commission of five. These, they asserted, were not part of tha league program. Governor Lynn Frazier and oth er league leaders said they did not favor referendum vote on the state bank bill, as the law, now in oper* ation, would be delayed pending the special eleotion of 30,000 votes of the referendum elections. It Appears Peace Conference Needed at Washington to Calm Agitated Solons; Both Houses Scene of Strife. Washington, March 17—So many In ternal tempests have been stirred up for the S6th congress in advance of Its meeting that It appeared today as though the first days of the session would need the services of the peace conference. "The political rows," which are agi tating both the solons here and those who are to come, are: 1— A contest between Repre sentative Mann, Illinois, and Rep resentative Longworth for control of the Republican organization. 2— Champ Clark, former speaker, (backed, of course, by a large number of Democrats,) and an anti-Clark faction, determined to beat him for tha Democratio leadership of the next house. 3— A contest between senate Progressives and Republican "Regulars" for control of the or ganization of that body. 4— A contest against Boise Pen rose, chairman of the senate fi nance committee, being supported by Progressives. Anti-Mann forces said today they have an organization of 60 which will insurge against Mann's leadership without ceasing. In the fight against Clark, Repre ! sentatlve Bever, South Carolina, has | now Joined openly. Clark Is being at i tacked on the ground he has not sup I ported the Wilson administration I staunchly enough. I The Penrose fight and the fight on 1 ancient rules in the senate, led by Progressives, are quiet but plans will soon he made for opening active hos tilities. JAPANESE VOLCANO HURLS LAVA ON NEAR-BY TOWNS Tokyo, March 16.—Asama-i'ama, a volcano on Pondo island 90 miles northwest of Tokio, became active yesterday. Eruption had been expect ed for two weeks following rumblings and a flow of hot mud. With a tremendous roar the vol Icano exploded yesterday, showering lava rocks three inches thick over many nearby towns. Flames leaped hundreds of feet into the air and dense smoko darkened a wide radius. No loss of life Is reported. Damage to crops was heavy, according to ad vices from Kanazawa. One rock the size of a freight car fell In that city. WRING APOLOGIES FROM SLAVS FOR FLAG INSULT Rpalato, March 17.— As a result of the Incident of March 8 when the Jugo-Slava compelled an Italian war ship to haul down Its flag. British and American destroyers arrived here to day and required the Jugo-Slavs to upologlze to the Italian commander. The upologtes were made abgard an Italian destroyer, In the presence of allied officers. BAVARIAN DIET TO MEET. Berne, March 17.—The Bavarian diet was scheduled to meet today to dis cuss socialization of Bavaria, proposed by the Socialists, it was announced In a dispatch from Munich. ROMANONES TO 8EE WILSON. Madrid, March 17.—Premier Ro manones will go to Paris shortly to confer with President Wilson, It was announced today. El PICHON'S CLAIM THAT NATION LEAGUE WON'T HAVE PLACE IN PEACE TREATY Wilson and Aids Amazed and Somewhat Piqued by French -Of ficial's Statement ; Intends to Make Strong Fight For Inclusion of Covenant in Treaty. By CARB D. GROAT. Paris, March 17.—Foreign Minister Pichon's claim that tha leagua of nations will net be included in the preliminary peace treaty waa emphatic* ally denied today in American official circles. President Wilson and tha other American commieaionere are standing pat on its inclusion, it was stated. Surprise was expressed that Pichen should hold views to the contrary. I The president, it is known, intends to make a strong fight for Ineluaien of the league. He feels that Francs and Great Britain need the league even more than America. Henca, Pichon'a statement astounded and soma* what the Americans. ' what piqued the Americans. WANT8 EARLY PEACE. An early peace Is desired by Presi-1 dent Wilson, It was stated, and he holds that Inclusion of the league In ; the pact Is vital to America. He was said to be especially surprised at Plchon In view of the fact that the French, along with the others, signed the plenary resolution In January for the league's Inclusion. The president planned to attend this afternoon's meeting of the supreme war council, and those close to him believed that a re-statement of his po sition might be forthcoming. Pichon, who made his statement yes terday in his weekly conversation with correspondents, declared that, although fundamental principles of the final peace are laid down In the preliminary treaty, the league of nations probably will not be Included. He said that Wilson had not asked that It be In cluded. YET TO BE DECIDED. The question Is yet to be decided he said, but Inasmuch as neutral coun tries will be asked to submit their opinions regarding the league before final adoption of the covenant, he be lieved the preliminary pact would be signed before the league Is completed. The preliminary peace, according to Plchon, will end the state of war but will not permit Germany to resume full relations with other countries. The blockade will not be lifted com pletely before the final treaty. He said the question of Gertnan-Austria has net been taken up but that the al lies may offer certain advantages to that country If It remains Independent which will not be allowed if It per sists in uniting with Germany. j t)on of the t rea ty by Insisting upon in ADDS FIRE TO FIGHT. By ROBERT J. BENDER. Washington, March 17.—Apparent disagreement between President Wil son and Foreign Minister Pinchon as to whether the league of nations cov enant could be embodied in the first peace treaty completed with Germany, added fire to the league fight here to day. Administration officials were ob viously confused at the situation aris ing in Paris. It had been the view here that the first or "preliminary treaty" with Germany would be a vir tual extension of the armistice, not subject to ratification by the senate and therefore not necessarily contain ing the league covenant. United Press dispatches today, however, indicate that the preliminary treaty will be subject to senate ratification and will cover most of the peace treaty ar ticles, including those for reparation and Indemnities and for arranging boundaries. FIGHT TO FINISH. In view of this, the president will certainly carry his flglit to a finish for embodiment of the league in the first treaty. Obstacles In the path of this fight involve the calling of a meeting of neutrals on March 20—Just five days before the preliminary treaty with Germany is now scheduled to be ready —for neutral views on the league ques tion. Also, the Increasing demands for an early peace In all the allied countries and the growing seriousness of the situation in Germany, as dis closed by a United Press dispatch from Berlin today, indicate there might be little enthusiasm for another attempt by the president to prolong comple ) ! The president's predicament led to I jectlon of the league covenant. RILED AT COLLEAGUES. "star chamber'' discussions in some quarters of his probable disappolnt (Contlnued on Paga Two. ON LANDLORDS'TRAIL Detroit Mayor Seeks Punish ment of Apartment Owners Who Bar Children Tenants. Detroit. Mich., March 17.—Munici pal lnws providing punishment for landlords who hang up the "no chil dren" sign was being sought today by Mayor Couzens. This action followed complaint from a well known profes sional man who asked the mayor to place his two children in an orphan asylum until such time he («und an apartment. This man said he and his wife vis ited several dozen apartments and in every case was repulsA when they announced they had two children. Couzens said he would not only hit at those who bar children but at rent profiteers a« well. WHITE SEES CRAVE i IS CONCLAVE |-- Says Last Week's Events Plain*' ly Indicate World Drift to Choas ; Find Boche Unable to Pay War Costs. By WIBLIAM ALBEN WHITE. (Copyright, 1919, by The Wheeler Syn * dlcate, Inc.) ' Paris, March 16.—Four apparently unrelated yet important facts hap pened last week In France which Indicated plainly the world drift to chaos. First, the committee to find ways and means of raising Germany's war debt have discovered that Ger many today has no means of paying for reparation and actual damages, to say nothing of indemnities and war costs. The committee not caring to make this report to the peace commis sion asked for more definite instruc tions to gain time. Then the commis sion demanded an immediate report and the committee is trying to conceal its embarrassment in diplomatic lan guage. Item Number Two—Lloyd George, who, during his December campaign, promised that Germany should pay to the last farthing, now declares in pub lic that Germany Is giving every sign of going Jo piece*. Item Three—The Daily Mall an nounces that the Principos conference with the Russian governments has definitely been abandoned. Item Four—The United States is be ing blamed for preventing a settlement of the Polish question by blocking an international ruling In the peace con ference providing that rail and water rates through any country shall be the same for shippers, as they are to home shippers. We take this ground, claim ing that such a ruling would give ths leage of nations the right to Inquire into American transcontinental rates. This position of course is based upon shivering fear of the senate. UNITED STATE LOSING PRESTIGE. Now the relation of these four Items is found in the Bolshevist menaoe. If Germany goes to pieces and does not pay her war debt, France cannot meet her obligations and England and France, having won the war and see ing the loser sneak out o£ paying for the damage done, will argue that Ger many's method of avoiding payment of her foreign debt points the way to a method of cancelling the whole war debt at home. Now if America, fear ing the senate, blocks a sensible set tlement of Polish rights to the harbor of Dantzig, under the same rates that Germans have, Europe will begin to resent American domination greatly. America Is the world's creditor and naturally soon will be hated by the rest of the world, and in It will bo easy to repudiate the debt to America, as Russia has done and as Germany soon may do. France is in the midst of a three days' financial debate in which, for the first time, the French people will learn that their government faces a grave situation financially. France has imposed little taxes on the 'rich during the war, but has bought bonds upon paper currency, depending upon the defeated Germans to' pay the bonds, as well as the damage done to France property. OWN PANIC POSSIBLE. Now when It becomes known that Americans are blocking peace prog ress, fearing a recationary senate lead (Contlnued on Page Two.) FAVOR GENERAL. STRIKE, DEMAND MOONEY FREED AT DETROIT CONCLAVE Detroit, Mich., March 17.—About }0,000 men roared out their demand for the release of Thomas Mooney at a meetUig here last night, ad dressed by Max Eastman. In one voice they also indorsed a call for a general strike of workers in the United States on July 4. East man was applauded when he -de- . nounced espionage and deplored the jailing of Debs. Scores of girls and women cir culated through the crowd selling red badges and were' themselves decked out In flaming colors.