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Unless Pact Is Signed Soon Allies Mu Occupy Strategic Positions ALL THE NEWS tAinn^\TT\T/Y /Y A A T \TTMI7'C' WEATHER FIRST ru V JjJ\JJ\(j LAP11 Al> NHWb MONDAY. Fair tonllght and Tuesday. VOL. XLU. BOISE, IDAHO,, MONDAY, MARCH 24, 1919 Ho. 69 Germany Using Bolshevik) to Force NiSON MAKES CONCESSION TO STOP THE ROW MOWN NATION Will Try to Force Through An Amendment to Protect Prin ciples Embodied in Monroe Doctrine. I OPPOSITION DEVELOPS TO PROPOSED CHANGES British and French Said to In sist on Draft Going Through Without Alterations Favor able to the United States. By CARL D. GROAT. Paris, lyiaroh 24.—An amendment to the league of nations covenant cover ing the Mpnroe doctrine advocated by President Wilson and Colonel House is expected to be presented at tonight's session of the league commission. The proposed amendment would prevent any power from acquiring territory in the western hemisphere by conquest, purchase, militarily or otherwise unless the Americas con sent. BRITISH OPPOSE IT. This article, was reported today to the meeting with opposition within the commission, especially by the British and French, who have extensive inter ests in the Americas. It could not be learned whether the president will at tempt to force through the amendment despite the opposition, but it was be lieved ho will strongly advocate its adoption, inasmuch as it would remove much of the ground for opposition in the United States. The Monroe doctrine proposal is held by some to mark a considerable re cession from Wilson's original position, that the covenant would not be altered, except in a minor way. The proposal for changes in the co venant submitted by Senator King of Utah have not yet been officially com mented on. JAPAN'S EQUALITY HELD BACK. Japan's recommendation for an amendment providing racial equality was not presented at Saturday's meet ing. (One press association dispatch Saturday said it was up for con sideration. The United Press said its presentation had been post poned.) It may be reserved until the consti tution is debated by the plenary ses sion. Many of the delegate: are under stood to favor equality of nations but net of nationalities. THREATENS KAISEH'S LIFE. Amerongen, Holland, March 24. —The Dutch guard about the kaiser's residence here was rein forced today, as the result of the receipt of letters threatening his life. Wilhelm was also said to have received a warning telegram from a friend. BOLSHEVIKI BULLETINS London, March 24—Premier Len ina hae sent a wireless to Berlin Bolaheviks urging them to estab lish a Soviet republic in Germany, according to Berlin advices re ceived hare today. Vienna, March 23.—(Delayed)— Communists held a demonstration hare today in sympathy with Hun gary, urging establiahment of a Soviet republic in Austria. London, March 24.—A news agency dispatch from Vienna today said it was reported that Presi dent Masaryk of the Czecho-8lo vak republic hae resigned. Paris, March 24.—(4:30 p. m.)— The allied mission hae left Buda pest, accordihg to adviooe received from that oity this afternoon. French troops have been dis armed by the Hungarians, the dis patch said. Revolutionary tribunals have bean organized throughout tho eountry. Basle, March 24__.The Hunga rian minister hat bean recalled from Vienna, a Budapest dispatch ' this afternoon. i j j I ; j j i PLANNING AN AIR RIGHT FROM WASHINGTON TO BOISE; ITS NOT NEARLY SO FAR A S BY RAILROAD Route Calls for 3700 Miles as Against 5000 on the Oars— It Would Require 528 Gallons of Gasoline and 40 Gal lons of Oil, Costing Around $200, Eastern Prices. (Capital News Special Service.) Washington, Matrch 24.—The first through trip for an airship from the Atlantic seaboard to the north Pacific coast is yet to bs made, but some interesting facts about such a voyage are presented in a memorandum of a prospective trip to Boise, Idaho, submitted by the assistant officer in charge of Bolling field, near this city to Rep resentative Smith of Idaho. The data assumes neutral winds and Curtis ships, type H, and all flying distances as straight lines. This memorandum discloses at once .the crookedness of the rail roads which connect the east with the west, because the average dis tance to Boise from Washington, and return by railroad is aprox imately 50C0 miles, but not for the airplane. "Total flying hours, 44; total miles round trip, 3700; total gal lons of gas, 528; cost of gas at 27 ;e IN ALASKA; FIFTY CENTS TBTHFPAN Seattle, Wash., March 24.—A gold strike has been made 45 miles above Marshall City and a short distance be low Holy Cross on the Yukon river, ac cording to E. W. Parks, owner of the oily quicksilver mine in the territory. Parks has just arrived in Seattle from the Kuskokvviin district, Alaska. Parks met a number of prospectors at Aniak, who had stampeded to the new diggings. All of them reported 50 cent pans had been taken from the sands. The creek runs into a slough of the Yukon river, making it an easy matter to land supplies at the new diggings. The ground has already been staked for miles around the first locations. Parks thinks it useless for anyone to start for there now. DENY REPORT THAT ITALY WILL LEAVE PEACE TABLE Paris, March 24.—The highest Amer ican authorities declared today that there is absolutely no foundation In report that Italy had threatened to withdraw from the peace conference unless awarded Flume. On the con trary, they said, they have found Pre inier Orlando displaying a spirit of co operation and good humor, in nil his recent conferences with allied repre ; sentatives. j In view of the reiterated reports of such a threat by a press association, j the official Italian press bureau today i issued another denial, declaring: "It can be authoritatively stated j that Italian delegation took no de cision of this nature." j The French press generally is carry ; ing similar denials. For example, the Temps said: "We are informed authoritative ly that the Italian delegation has taken no such decision as has been reported by oertain English and American newspapers regarding the Fiume question." WORLD'S GREATEST FIGHTING SHIP, IDAHO, COMMISSIONED Camden, N. J., March 24.—The world's greatest battleship, the Idaho, j was officially commissioned at tha New 1 York shipbuilding yards hpre today. It is the First time in history that a fight ing craft was commissioned at a plaça other than a navy yard. Tha floating fortress carries 12 14 inch guns, each capable of hurling a ; 1500 pound projectile 15 miles. Its dis placement is 34,000 tons and ita length 634 feat. THE WEATHER 1 Forecast for Boise and vicinity: I FAIR TONIGHT AND TUESDAY. For Idaho: Tonight and Tuesday, fair; colder southeast portion tonighL Highest temperature yesterday 60. Lowest temperature this morning 3>. Mean temperature yesterday 48. cant., $142.56; total oil conaump tion, 40 gallons, at $1.25 a gallon, $50. Tha first leg of the trip would be over bad country—that is, over tha Blue Ridge mountains. Be yond tha Blue Ridge mountains to the western extremity of Nebraska the country would be fair. From the «astern extremity of Wyoming to the end of the trip the country would be very dangerous, with mountains, forests and other nat ural hazards. A model itinerary would ba Washington, Clarksburg, W. Va. (beyond the mountains); Dayton, O., government aviation station; Rantoul, III., government aviation station; Fairfield, Iowa, govern ment aeronautical air station; Bro ken Bow, Neb.; Harrisburg, Neb.; Casper, Wyo. From Casper on, the country is broken and all towns along the line of flight of small size, which ans all about the same for landing and' taking on fuel." FORMER SENATOR OPPOSES LEAGUE i I I Albert J. Beveridge. Former Senator Albert J. Beveridge of Indiana is ou( in opposition to the league of nations. "God forbid that the American people ever allow them selves to be chained to that body of death, a permanent foreign political al ltance, involving them forever in hls toric and alien animosities, in racial j and alien hatreds," says Beveridge. MAY USE AIRPLANES TO PACIFY THE MEX. BORDER El Paso, Texas, March 24.—Reported killing of five Mexican cattle rustlers by United States cavalry men, who chased the bandits miles into Mexico southeast of here, was in line with a new movement today for pacification of the border country. Use of American airplane squad rons to locate the Mexican ban dits is the leading feature of a proposed increased border guard. Inability of the Carranza govera ernment to prevent border raids on American ranches was pointed to as the result of the reported American pursuit below Ruidosa. Also strong details have been received of the Car ranzleta claim that the bandit chiefs, Lopez, Vega, Holquln and Hlpolita Villa, were killed by federal troops in Mexico. TO BOMB THE BANDITS. Prominent Spanlsh-Americans in Now Mexico are reported to be back ing the movement to send American military airplanes to hunt the Villlstas in the mountains and Alkali plains of Chihuahua. Bombing from the air is a possibility. This proposal for open military co operation with the Carranza govern ment Is said to be awaiting the re turn of President Wilson to Washing ton when It will be suggested that a special American commission be ap pointed to take up this and other subjects with Carranza. Governor Iarratolf of New Mexico Is being urged as head of this commission. OFFER OFFICIAL' INFORMATION. Zurloh, March 24.—Foreign Minister Brockdorff-Rantzau ha* sent Secre tory Kautsky into Hungary to obtalh official Information from the new Bol ■hevlk government regarding the *lt up.tlon, a Berlin dispatch reported to-, day. WORLD FACES A MORE SERIOUS CRISIS THAN IT DIDINTHEWAR Official Quarters in Paris See Worst Menace Than the Overrunning Hordes of Hun land. SOCIAL COLLAPSE NOW THREATENS, IT IS SAID Belief Expressed That Situation Has Come to a Head With Declaration of War by the Bolsheviki. By FRED S. FERGUSON. Paris, March 24.—The world faces an infinitely more eerious situation today than it did a yoar ago when the German super-offen sive was at its height, according ing to the belief expressed in cer tain official quarters. This despite the fact the armistice was signed five months ago, and the peace conference has been in session three months. WHAT NOW THREATENS. Instead of military defeat, it is eco nomic, financial and social collapse 'that is now threatening. ECONOMIC EXPERTS AGREE THAT EVERY DAY I .OST IN SIGNING PEACE BRINGS THE GENERAL CRISIS .THAT MUCH NEARER. There was a tendency today ,in fact, to regard Hungary's action in form ing a soviet republic in alliance with the Russian Bolsheviki and declaring war on the allies as meaning the crisis already has been reached. There was no disposition to hide the belief that the menace^ of Bolshevism has been increased a hundredfold by the new situation in Hungary. ONCE WORKED; NOW INDIF FERENT. "A year ago everyone In the world was at work," said one of the leading economic and financial authorities. If they were not fighting they were pro ducing. In addition war impulse was speeding up industry. The govern ments had control and everyone had to do something. But everything is now heading for stagnation and dis order, unless speedy counteraction is taken. In the meantime, the peace confer ence is in the worst muddle since it opened. The hour of decisions having arrived, it can be stated that the situa tion is ns follows: "There Is a constant tendency to drag in extraneous questions. For in (Continued fn Page Two.) BOLSHEVIKI REPORTED TO HAVE DEFEATED ALLIES IN BLACK SEA REGION London, March 24.—Further suc cesses by the Bolsheviki in the Blaok sea region were reported in the official communique received from Moscow today. Tho statement said the Bolshe-' viki armies drove the allies back in disorder batwean Voznessansk and Odessa, defeating an entire divi sion. On tho Archangel front tho.. dispatch said an allied outpost was captured. POCATELLO GOING TO NEW YORK IN EFFORT TO GET BIG FIGHT Pocatello, Ida., March 24.—Deter mined to leave nothing undone in their effort to have Tex Rickard stage: will be named to go to New York. Boise, Salt Lake, Wallace, Twin Falls, Idaho Falls, Ogden, Rexburg and other Idaho and Utah towns, will be represented. In preparation for the bout as well as for other big championship matches. the Willard-Dempsey fight here as 20-round affair on July 4, business men of the Intermountain states will send a committee to New York to see ir Tk a IT TVTitlon attempt to close the deal for the fight, Two hundred business men are ex pected he~ Wednesday to discuss the project with J. Robb Brady, who is seeking the fight for Idaho. At a luncheon a committee of five J. Robb Brady today Incorporated the Pocatello Athletic club, the first club organised in the Gem *tate under the new atate boxing law permitting 20 - round bouts. Brady I* president and O. P. Barber secretary. DIFFERENT VIEWPOINTS BUT ALL AGREE THE SITUATION SERIOUS Paris dispatches by Ferguson, Simms and Mellett represent three different viewpoints on the situa tion, each inepired by information from different sources of informa tion. All agree, however, on the seriousness of the situation, due to the complexity of internal issues, class and national interests and the Bolshevist menace. PEACE CONFERENCE IN CHS m ITS WEEKOF DISCUSSION By LOWELL MELLETT. Paris, March 24.—The peace confer ence today began what was supposed to be the last week of its work on the preliminary peace treaty with every thing apparently in a state of chaos. It seemed as though the. delegates had nothing to show for their many weeks of hard work except an increased ac cumulation of unsolved problems. If the situation is half as bad as its surface indications, it seems certain the conference will not wind up its work on the treaty this week or for several weeks. But members of the American delegation pointed out that the situation is similar to that of the closing days of congress, a state leg islature or a national convention— when It appears impossible that the work will be completed, yet it Is al most finished. MAY FORCE THE ISSUE. There Is a tendency to feel, too, that hereafter the British and Americans will cut the Gordian knots In the peace settlement by the direct method of lay ing down a program for solution and enforcing it by their economic, finan cial and political domination. For instance, the Rh^ne question ap ] : peared insoluble today. The French | xver(! still holding out for territorial se | CU rity on the left bank. Various com I promises have been suggested, rejected and renewed. The most notable of these is the creation of a buffer state by establishing independence of the Rhenish provinces. If no scheme con sistent with the principle of self-de termination and no annexations is achieved the problem is expected to be terminated by a flat American and British declaration somewhat to this effect: 'You have tried and we have helped you to work out a plan of territorial guarantees which will not violate the principles underly ing the armistice. Our attempts have ended in failure. Therefore you must accept simply the guar antee offered under the league of nations." ANGLO-AMERICANS CAN DO IT. Few here doubt the ability of Great Brltuin and the United States to en force the solution above suggested. • The Anglo-American delegates are expected to take the same attitude toward Italy and Japan. As a result, while there appears to be no solution to these and many other questions in sight, it is always possible to fasten the iid on international hick erings and sign a treaty covering all necessary points in line with the ar mistlee provisions. WOMEN SUFFRAGISTS PLAN FOR BALANCE OF POWER St. Louis, Mo., March 24.—A new "balance of power" was In the making here today. I Women delegates here to attend the 1 jubilee convention of the National I Woman's Suffrage association saw in I the offing an amalgamation to swing political destinies and make history j Confident nat ional suffrage will be a, d b the next 8egl> , on f M rz. Carrle chapman Catt. na ! tlonal preslde nt. and other officer., j have a plan pre pared for the conven to make the suffrage organization i non _ par tisan force pledged to indorse | candldates m local, state and national ! electlons who will aid their cause, t - r WARS NOW BEING WAGED While the peace conference Is set tling the "peace of the world" the fol lowing wars are under way: Hungary vs. the allies (newly de clared). Russian Bolsheviks va the allioa Poles' vs. the Ukrainians. Poles vs. the Germana Pelts va the Czeoho-Slovaks. Ukrainians v*. the Russian Bolshe vik' Peace Terms HUNS WILL OPPOSE FOLLOWERS V LEHME PROVIDMG THEY ARE GIVEN MORE FAVORABLE TERMS AT TREATY MAKING TALKFEST Story of Bolsheviki Upheaval Told in a Few Paragraphs Hungary, forming a Soviet republic in alliance with the Russian Bol sheviki, has dsclarsd war on the allies, according to dispatches from Buda pest today. A Soviet army of 70,000 under General Georgey Is reported to have crossed the Russian frontier into Hungarian Galicia and to ba marching on Lemberg, now held by the Poles. ; j | j Other Bolshevik detachments are said to bo moving toward Budapest to aid the Hungarians in resisting the allies, whose forces are now scat tered throughout Hungary. These are believed to be only the advance guard of a large Bolsheviki army which Premier Lenine will send into Hungary within a few weeks. The allies have sent a fleet of monitors up the Danube from Belgrade in an effort to reach Budapest, capital of Hungary. While there has been some disorder in Budapest, American diplomatic advices received in Paris stated that allied and American representatives are safe. President Karoiyi, resigning in favor of a Soviet-Communist coalition government, declared he was turning Hungary over to the radicals be cause the allies are concentrating their forces in Hungary to attack tha Russian Sovist republic and because the Hungarians are dissatisfied with the peace conference's attitude toward fixing the Hungarian boundaries. The new ministry immediately wirelessed Lenine for aid in opposing the allies. He promised them, it was said, to "keep in touch with the mjli :ary situation." LONDON, MARCH 24.—AN ENTENTE DETACHMENT NEAR BUDAPEST HAS BEEN DISARMED BY HUNGARIAN SOLDIERS, ACCORDING TO A DISPATCH FROM THAT CITY RECEIVED BY WAY OF VIENNA. ANOTHER DISPATCH SAID OFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENT HAD BEEN MADE IN BUDAPEST THAT A CZECHO-SLOVAK ARMY IS MARCHING AGAINST HUNGARY. PARIS, MARCH 24.—ALLIED MONITORS HAVE STARTED UP THE RIVER FROM BELGRADE IN AN ATTEMPT TO REACH BUDAPEST, IT WAS ANNOUNCED TODAY. American diplomatic advices said that despite the fact there had been some firing and disorder in Budapest, allied and American representa tives are safe. Communications have been interrupted between Vienna and Serbia. A dispatch to the Matin said General Petlura, leader of the Ukranian army, has opened negotiation* with Lenine, who promised autonomy for the Ukraine providing Petlura fights against the police and the en tente's imperialism. By WILLIAM PHILIP SIMMS Paris, March 24.—The Bolshevik movement, culminating in Hungary setting up a Soviet republic and declaring war on the allies, was believed today to have furnished an explanation for Germany's dilatory and obstructive tactics toward the peace conference. Germany, playing for time, has now reached a point where she will offer to oppose a Bolshevik invasion of western Europe in exchange for less severe peace terms in the opinion of many delegates. FILLED WITH DYNAMITE. This is not such a preposterous situation as at first appears, according to the opinion expressed in some quarters. The entire situation south of the Baltic is chaotic and "full of dynamite." It may possibly grow entirely out of allied control, it was pointed out unless met squarely at once. One solution apparently will be to raise an inter-allied ex peditionary force. The alternative is to allow the Germans who are in a much better strategic position to deal with the situation. Germany would thus virtually become the allies' mandatory in eastern and central Europe. PLAYING HORATIU8 AT BRIDGE. Germany in the meantime is blocking the allies at every point possible. Many are convinced she is taking this attitude lor no other purpose than to force permission for her to play "Horalius at the bridge." Menaced on two sides, one by the Germans, and the other by the Bolsheviki, Poland is desperately in need of food, equipment and assistance of her troops that fought in France. Yet Germany is refusing to permit these troops to land at Danzig, placing the peace conference face to luce with the al ternative of backing down or disembarking the Poles under the guns of allied warships. IT 18 DARK FOR RUMANIA. The situation in Rumania is darker still in many ways. Add ed to the threat of u Bolsheviki invasion, from the east is the new menace of a Soviet Hungary. Poland and Rumania desire « common boundary so they may form buffer states against the Bolshiviki, under protection of the league of nations. But it would require some time to bring this about and the situatioip apparently demands speed of action above everything else. ALLIES SHOULD STAMP IT OUT. The feeling is growing here that making this international jig saw puzzle of peoples and nations fit is the most impôt* * problem before the conference and that whether .the nary treaty with Germany is ready for signing next (ConUnued on Pago Two.