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Boche Spartacans Are Plotting to Launch Revolution Before April
j..f » -■ ■ ........— ......... ■ijnmi r i •' r........- ....- ■ ' ■■ - ----------- ------ - . - -- * \ -■ - — ALL THE NEWS FIRST EVENING CAPITAL ] NEWS WEATHER WEDNESDAY. Fair to nii g ht and Wednesday. VOL. XLII. BOISE, IDAHO, TUESDAY, MARCH 25, 1919 No. 70 REPORT All ENTENTE ENVOYS I HUNS ASK RUSS REDSTO INVADE AS NEW REVOIT PUTUNDERWAY Third Spartacan Uprising to Be Signal for General Bolshevik Onslaught to Be Started Through Central Europe. Leariprs Çav It Will Takp Ten ueaueis î>ay II Will laKe len • ears for Bolshevism to Dominate Old World but Are NO WARNING TO BE GIVEN IN BOCHES' THIRD REVOLT Planning Accordingly. By KRANK J. TAYLOR. (Copyright 1919 by United Press.) Berlin, March 21 (by courier to Paris), March 25— Spartacans are plan ning to launch their third revolution before the 1st of April. This revolt, it was learned from Spartacans themselves today, is in tended as the signal for a general Bol shevist uprising through central Eu rope. Russian Bolshevik! have been asked to start an invasion to insure the revolutions' success. WITHOUT WARNING. The Spartacans expect to open hostilities without warning since the qenerai strike that preceded the last revolution gave the govern ment time to prepare. They ara^ gathering weapons, ammunition« and food which they are storing in numerous secret rendezvous. Some of the Spartacans, vastly in th $ minority, favor postponing the revo lution until after the Soviet congress, which meets here April 8, then seek ing to persuade the workmen and In dependent Socialists to join them. This plan has met with little favor, as the workmen and Independents want no violence and the Spartacans do. The Spartacans recently sent a del egation to Moscow in an airplane they had stolen. This method of establish ing communication was employed be cause the frontiers are closed. ASK LENIl,E'S AID. They asked the Bolsheviki to assist the pending revolution by throwing large forces of Soviet troops into cen tral Europe. Spartacan leaders say it will take 10 years for Bolshevism to dominate Europe completely. 'They are laying their plans accordingly. The government, under direction of War Minister Noske, is massing weapons and ammunition and strength ening its arsenals in preparation for the struggle. CHICAGO SERVICE MEN ORGANIZE COUNCIL TO PLAY ROLE IN POLITICS Chicago, March 2D.—Organization ot a "council of soldiers, sailors and ma rines," to take active part In Chicago politics went forward here today in spite of advice given by its leuders by Major General Leonard Wood that they avoid such organizations. At a meeting-last night the "council" decided to raise a fund of $18,000 for its budget. A membership of 200 is claim ed. DANIELS INSISTS BREST CAMPS SIMPLY LOVELY; NO CAUSE FOR CRITICISM Paria, March 25. —Secretary Dan iels, who arrived here today, will call on President Poincare this af ternoon. He will visit Belleau Wood and other battlefields this week end go to Italy next weak. Daniels warmly praised Camp Pontanezen at Brest where he spent two rainy days eating and spending most of his time with the dough boys. "I can't see any reason to criti cize, but more to praise than in any camp I have visited in the United States," said tha secretary. "I with to congratulate the war department on having General Hal miok hare. General Butler it a steam angine in breeches. Hie werk has been monumental." FIRST BOCHE MERCHANT , SHIP REACHES SCOTLAND Laith, Scotland, March 25. —Tha first German marchant ship to ba turned over to the alliee under the new eoonomic agree m ent arrived here teday. Her Ger m an crew wilt be replaced by Americana and aha wilt be imp l a y ad (n transporting troopi to thi tlftitari States* BOISE LOSES USE OF COLUMBIA PARK BECAUSE OF STATEMENT BY COUNCILMAN HERRINGTON City Pays No Rental for Use of Property, the Rotary Club Hav ing the Lease and the People Being Given Free Use of the Grounds. Because of the attitude of Councilman Herring ton, finance commissioner, Boise will lose the free usé of Columbia park. A remark made publicly by Councilman Herrington that a bad precedent had been established by the city paying rental for the park caused the company owning the block to cancel the lease on 60-day notice. This notice has been served on the Boise Rotary club and on the city. unfortunate loss. The development Is regarded by hun dreds of citizens seen today as most ,,nfol ' tunate - de,irtvlnB the cit >- of the use of a beautiful park that costs the city nothing:. The city pays no rental. The Rotary club rented the park block at $500 and the citizens have had the free use of it. letter of notification. The letter of notification cancelling the lea^e follows: Office of Boise Hotel Company, Limited, Bo^se, Idaho, March 25, 1919. Mr. C. A. Barton, president of Boise Rotary club; Hon. S. H. BOH sirs LEIGOE California Solon Alarmed Over Immigration Loop Hole in Covenant ; to Cable Labor Leader for His Opinion. By L. C. MARTIN. Washington, March 25.—Samuel Gompers may be appealed to on behalf of American labor to say whether, in his opinion, the league of nations con stitution now provides a loophole through which free immigration of orientals may become legal. Gompers Is In Paris, helping frame the peace treaty. Requests for his In terpretation followed an exchange of telegrams cn Japanese demands for immigration equality, between Senator Phelan of California and Senator Borah of Idaho. Phelan, a strong administration Democrat and league advocate, ap pealed to Borah, leader of the opposi tion to the league, to do everything in Ills power to prevent Insertion of a clause which might prove a "loophole by which oriental peoples will possess equality with the white race in the United States." VOTE POWER WITH ALIENS. Borah replied that the loophole al ready is in the league covenant. "I call your attention to the fact," lie wired Phelan, "that the league con stitution, as It now reads, unquestion ably gives jurisdiction to the league over immigration. There is not the slightest doubt that the question of im migration could be forced by Japan In three different ways by the executive council or delegate body, so the league would have to determine It, and if It determines it, It will be determined by alien votes. Gompers is to be asked, It is said, whether he Interprets the covenant in this respect as Borah does—that it will be possible under its present form for Japun to force a decision by the league of the right of her subjects to enter the United States on an equality with white persons and whether by some combination with other nations Japan * Continued on Page Two. HUNGARIAN KVOLT, The revolution began Friday. It wee government resigning and being munist coalition. Karolyi explained bia action contraction of Hungarian boundaries the allies to sand food into Hungary, eoncentration place of forces to attack The new Hungarian government allianoe with the Ruasian Soviet war on the entente. This letter report Two British monitors have arrived tect allied interacts. While there ia c e as e disorder in Bu American and aliiad reprenants tivss reman. Hays, mayor of Boise city. Gen tlemen: Referring to the lease dated June 1, 1918, under which the Boise Ro tary club, or its assigns, have held possession of block No. 6G (known as Columbia park) of original townsite of Boise, you are notified that the company desires posses sion of said premises by June 1, 1919. Therefore, the company is terminating the lease by giving you GO-day notice, and by handing the Boise Rotary club check for $83.33, refund of unearned rental for months of April and May, 1919; (Continued on Page Two. I IE III FUMEE BY IDAHO HOOPS. SUES REPORT Governor Officially Notified Forty-first Division Held in High Esteem — Contained National Guard Men. Idaho troops did superb work In France, Governor Davis has been offi cially informed, through a communica tion from Major General Traub, to which is attached a letter from Gen eral Pershing, who Inspected the For ty-first division in the embarkation camp at Brest. Idaho National Guards men weite included In this division. The communication from General Traub says In part: "It gives me great pleasure to en close herewith copy of a letter from General Pershing, and my reply there to. "I feel sure that you and the people of the state of Idaho will be proud to learn of the superb work done In France by the Forty-first division, which numbered units from your state, and especially proud of the esteem In which they are held by the com mander-in-chief of tlie American ex peditionary forces. General John J. Persil ing." PER8HING'S LETTER OF PRAISE. The following letter from General Pershing Is enclosed: "Major General Peter Traub, care War Department, Washington, D. C. "My Dear General Traub—It gives me a great deal of pleasure to extend to you and the officers and men of the Forty-first division my compli ments upon their excellent appearance and bearing at the Inspection In the embarkation camp at Brest on January 31, just previous to your departure for the United States. "The Forty-first division has had the longest and hardest career of service In the American expeditionary forces. One of the first five divisions to arrive in France, organized and trained as a combat unit, it was immediately broken up and majority of Its personnel was sent to combat units, and the part (Continued -r> Pare Two.) PEACEFUL JR FAST aeeompliahed bloodleealy, the Karolyl immediately by a Socialist-Com from three things—unwarranted by the paaee conference, failure of and uae ef Hungary by the alliee as a tha Russian Bolsheviki. proclaimed a Soviet republie, formed an government and, it is reported, declared boa net been confirmed. at Budapest via the Danube, to pro* da pest, diplomatic advices report the as safe and probably will be ached to STRONG DEMAND THAT FOOD BAN ON TEUTONS BE LIFTED AT ONCE British Join Americans in Insis tence That Blockade Be Abolished, Regardless When Peace Treaty Signed. REPARATION CRY STILLED; REALIZE BOCHE CAN'T PAY Delegates Find Economic Safe guards Against Hun Trade Designs Too Difficult; Indi vidual Nations Must Solve. By LOWELL MELLETT. Paris, March 25.—The matter of pro viding economic safeguards to prevent Germany "capturing the world mar kets" Is proving so difficult that there is a strong likelihood that each nation will be left to look out for Itself In I this regard, it was learned from an I authoritative source today. In the light of the encouragement J offered the Bolsheviki by the present i blockade—as evidenced by the situa tion in Hungary—the British are in creasingly disposed to Join the Ameri cans iu insisting that the blockade be lifted Immediately, regardless of when the peace treaty is signed. Added to the questions which will he settled on the simple ground of principle, apparently is that of indem nities. Premier Lloyd George has been in frequent conversation with Lord Cunliffe and Lord Sumner, British fi nancial experts. REPARATION CRY STILLED. There Is little belief In British circles now that the premier's campaign promise to make Germany pay the cost of the war will be realized. Talk of demanding 3125,000,000,000 as Great Britain's share of German reparation has disappeared. The British purpose now seems to be only to Insist that Germany shall pay specified damage claims and, pay ln such a manner that she will not be crushed economically. The committee on responsibility for the war Is understood to have complet ed Its work, reaching conclusions as recently outlined to the United Press drawing up what practically amounts to an international Indictment, affect ing every offender from the former kaiser down to the lowest private. EXCEPTING THE KAISER. Contrary to the original plan, how ever, it Is reported the committee will recommend that all offenders be tried In the countries in which their crimes were committed, except where there are no national laws fitting their cases. In that contingency they will be tried by the international court to be creat ed. The former kaiser, as decided some time ago, probably will not be brought to trial, us there Is no Interna tional precedent covering ms case. A curious commentary was made re cently by one of the committee con cerning the American mëmbers. < "The Americans are Itpo damned ! legal-minded," he said. "They refuse 1 to take the obvious common sense view some times because there is no law to support It." 4765 YANKS CAPTURED BY HUNS DURING WAR; 156 UNACCOUNTED FOR Washington. March 25.—The central powers captured 4765 American prison ers during the war, according to re vised figures issued by the war depart ment today. Of these, 4376 have been reported released, 283 are dead and rec ords of the central p'owers are being I checked to find the 156 names unac ! counted for. j Of the prisoners taken one 'wos a lieutenant colonel, four were majors, 27 j captains, 232 first lieutenants and 101 , were second lieutenants. HUNGARIAN SITUATION WON'T OLOG PLAN TO SPEED TROOPS HOME St. Louie, Maroh 25 .—The Hun garian eituetien will not olog war department plana for spsedy re turn of American ' troops from Franoe, General Payton C. March, chief of staff, declared here today. »We plan to have tlSJMN soldiers heme by July 1 . There ««Ul be no delay an account ef the Hungarian development«." ENGLISH WARBOATS AT BUDAPEST; TARGET OF SHOTS WHILE ENROUTE Paris, March 25.—Two British monitors have arrived In Buda pest atfer being fired on en route, it was reported in dis patches reecived through diplo matic channels today. They pro ceeded to the Hungarian capital along the Danube from Belgrade. One British patrol boat was said to have been seized by the Hun garians, but was returned later with apologies. Reports received In official circles here declare that American representatives in Bud apest have been assured of every protection and may be asked to remain. Martial law has been proclaimed in Hungary and the death penalty prescribed for armed resistance, robbery or plundering. Sale of liquor has been prohibited under penalty of $10,000 fine. Anyone aside from a worker or guard discovered drinking liquor will be fined $2000. Hundreds of former Hungarian war prisoners In Russia are said to be returning across the Car pathians daily, spreading Bolshe viki propaganda among the peas ants. REVISED NATION LEAGUE REPORT READY ANYTIME French Appeal for Interna tional General Staff Turned Down; Monroe Doctrine Amendment Held Over. Paria, March 25.—American ad vocate* of a speeding-up process for the peace conference have ob tained a decision to abandon the "big ten" conferences, it was learn ed today. All peace questions hereafter will be handled by President Wilson, Premier Lloyd George, Premier Clemenceau and Premier Orlando, with the Japanese and others called in when directly affected. The quartette of allied leaders now known as the "big four" will meet twice a day, giving the effect of practically continuous sections. "The big ten," or supreme war council, comprises the premiers and foreign ministers of Great Britain, France, Italy and Japan and President Wilson and Secre tary Lanaing. By ED L. KEEN. Paris, March 25.—Reconstruction of the league of nations covenant has pro gressed to a point where a report can be presented any time the allied leaders demand It, according to an announce ment made today. The league com mittee completed the new draft of 16 articles last night, adjourning at 11:30. The constitution is expected to be fin ished at Wednesday's meeting, after which It will he turned over to a sub committee of International law experts, who will put It In technical shape. The French aguln urged creation of an International general staff last night but received no support. An amendment covering the Monroe doc I trine was put over until Wednesday. At that time the Japanese also are ex (Continued on Page Two.) Topeka, Kan., March 26.—Declining to attend a conference of the South Carolina Cotton association, Governor Henry J. AJleç declared In a letter io the chairman of the association: "I am unable to agree to assist any body of men to trade upon the misery of the world for their own enrich ment." X According to a letter of invitation to the governor from J. S. Wannama kor, chairman of the association, the purpose of the conference Is to re ceive reporte of progress In a campaign to reduce cotton acreage. It was polnt sd out the acreage should be reduced to maintain a price of 3$ cents per pound for raw cotton. "That any group of men should, so suddenly after the conclusion of the war and while the world Is still grap pling with the tremendoue problems arising from shortage of staple commo dities, begin a deliberate organisation to retard ' production, is unspeakable." Governor Allen eat*. BOLSHEVIKS URGE WORLD-WIDE UPRISING; ALLES CA11ED UPON TO SPEED TROOPS TO HUNGARY; PEACE SETTLEMENT HASTENED Victors' Agents in Revolt-Stricken Hungary Urge Immediate Dispatch of Allied Reinforcements to Save Situation and Check Spread of Bolshevism Into Western Europe, Peace Pact Progress Stalled by Squabble on Reparation Question. Copenhagen, March 25.—Fresh Spartacan agitation has resulted in riots at Stettin and strikes in Luebeck, a Berlin dispatch reported today. London, March 25.—Travelers reaching Vienna from Budapest report that all entente commissioners have been interned by the new Hungarian government, an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Vienna reported today. Vienna, March 23.—The Hungarian frontier was closed tonight. News from Budapest was meager, but it was re ported the city is generally calm. A few shops have been looted and there are anti-capitalistic processions in the streets. LENINE URGES CAUTION. Berlin, March 23.—The Russian and Hungarian Soviet governments have called for a world-wide uprising of the proletariat, according to advices received here today from ! Budapest. While agreeing to an offensive and defensive alliance with the Hungarian Soviet, Premier Lenine is said to have declared his objection to an armed Bolshevik cru sade at this time, preferring to use propaganda and money with the help of the foreign proletariat to win over the bourgeoisie. HASTEN TROOPS IS CRY. By FRED S. FERGUSON. Paris, March 25.—American or allied troops must be rushed into Hungary at once to save the situation, was the, opinion expressed in a cable received today by the peace 1 conference from its agents in that country. The allied forces now in Hungary are entirely inade quate, it was stated, and must be immediately and heavily reinforced to prevent Bolshevism from obtaining a foot hold from which it can spread into western Europe. The conference has been deeply lm- * " pressed by the collapse of the Hunga rian government, the alliance of the new government with the Russian Bol sheviki and the reported declaration of war against the entente. THE OLD TIME SPEED. Every effort Is now being made to speed up the peace settlement with Germany and the other enemy coun tries, with resultant lifting ot the blockade. One of the most potent weapons la the hands of the allies to prevent the spread of Bolshevism west ward will be re-establlshment of nor mal economic conditions in central Eu rope, the delegates agree. The supreme war council proceeded with its routine business yesterday but all the delegates showed the great est desire to obtain all information possible concerning the Hungarian sit uation. Despite the recognized necessity for hurrying preparation of the prelimi nary treaty, there was only hope In stead of confidence expressed today that the terms would be ready by Sat urday, as scheduled. Reparation Is one of the big sticking points, owing to the inability of the conferees to agree on what Germany will be able to pay. HAVE DIRECT EFFECT. Reaching such an agreement will naturally have a direct effect on the entire economic program, the lurger the amount, the more economic opportuni ties the Germans must have in order to pay. Developments leading to the Hun garian revolution were being discussed today In the light of what might have been done to avert It. When Count Karolyl was informed of the establish ment of a temporary boundary by the peace conference, permitting the Ru manians to occupy the 191# line, he Is said to have declared that his over throw was inevitable. This situation was complicated by the fact that as surances of food relief constituted the strongest element In enabling the gov ernment to hold on. While the Hungarians will not be in acute need of food uptll the middle of next month, Karolyi led them to expect shipments from their former enemies to avoid a crisis. HUNGARY'S NEW LEADERS. After the American congress passed an amendment to the food bill exclud ing ull enemy countries. Karolyi is •aid to have Informed officials of tbs (Continued on Page Two.) EMPRESS SEES DIBEMENACEINLAX PEACE CDNFERBKE Frankly Alarmed at Bolshevik Spread ; Fear Lenine May Leave Nothing For the Vic tors to Argue About. London, March 25.—"While the peace delegates are discussing an ldeallatio adjustment of central Europe, events are moving ln such a way there la liable to be nothing left for them to adjust, if they don't hurry." This typifies the Bpirlt of comment here today on the latest developments In Hungary and Germany. The morn ing papers are frankly alarmed at the tendency toward a Bolshevistic block in eastern and central Europe, leaving the continent divided against Itself: The report that Germany has sent a mission to Moscow has stimulated speculation regarding the chances of a Russo-Gendan reapproach ment. The Times points out the league of nations is not responsible for tha delay in reaching a peace settlement, the league being only the concrete produc tion of the conference so Sar, and the moat workable method of carrying out the terms of the treaty. The Times says It believes the real cause of lade of organisation In the conference ia the failure to eliminate non-eisentlale. THE WEATHi Forecast for Boise and vletntty: FAIR TONIGHT AND WEDNBSDAT. For Idaho: Tonight and day, fair. - ** Highest temperature yesterday, 55; lowest temperature this morning, M; mean temperature yesterday, 44. • / 'X- ,■ VVAsJrS ,, './• **-'*'< '