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FIRST EVENING CAPITAL NEWS WSATHBB Pair tonight and FRIDAY. VOL. XUL BOISE, IDAHO, THURSDAY, MARCH 27, 1919 Ho. 72 LENINE WARNS HUNGARY TO AVOID RUSSIAN TACTICS TAFT WORKING BY CABLE WITH WILSON ON THE LEAGUE DRAFT Writes Four Amendments to Covenant Which President Has Placed Before Confer ees; Criticism Welcome. REVISIONS CONCERNING THE MONROE DOCTRINE Washington Democrats Regard League Opposition on Wane; Confident Changes Will Sub due Senate Republicans. By ROBERT J. BENDER. Washington, March 27—Six-Presi dent Taft Is working by cable with President Wilson in an effort to so amend the league of nations covenant so us to make it acceptable to opposi tion of tile Republicans, This was of ficially disclosed today when the White House let it be known that the peace conference In Paris is now working on four amendments to the covenant, written by Taft at President Wilson's request. The amendments have to do largely, it is said, with safeguard ing the Monroe doctrine, one of the foremost points of contention be tween the president and Repub lican senators. WILSON RESPONSIVE. Taft drafted his proposed amend ments shortly after President Wilson's return to France. Before dispatching them, however, he asked Secretary Tu multy to inquire of the president whether suggestions were in order. The president responded that he would be very glad to hear Taft's proposals. The amendments were then cabled the president through official chan nels and the president personally ac knowledged receipt of them in a later message tor Taft. He did not indicate, however, what was being done about the amendments. A further message today to the White House disclosed that the president has all four of the Taft amendments be fore the league of nations carpenters. WELCOMES CRITICISM. Simultaneously with this develop ment it was stated by those in intimate touch with the president today that he at no' time had been unwilling to re ceive constructive criticism of the original league covenant. When definite suggestions had been offered it was said that President Wil son had utilized this In attempting to modify the document so as to make it satisfactory. Admiral Grayson, in a private cable today, said the president is working night and day, but is "bearing up well under the strain.'' President Wilson is understood to regard the ten days between March 23 and about April 3, as the most rrucial in the whole peace conference. Tills may have accounted for the fact that In cabling Taft regarding league sug gestions he urged haste in their dis patch. HIGH TIDE PASSED. In administration quarters today the view was expressed that the high tide of opposition to the league of nations has been passed and that both In con gress and throughout the country there is a marked upturn in favor of a league. Complete confidence is voicçd that the league covenant, ns re drafted In accordance with Republican suggestion, will meet the demands of opponents of the original draft. Al ready some opposition senators have shown a tendency to be far more re ceptive toward the plan than at first. Tl 1 j ! Copenhagen, March 27.—Chancellor Bcheldemann, addressing the national assembly, again threatened the peace conference with a refusal to sign tne peace treaty, according to a dispatch from Weimar today. "A cry of despair, an appeal to the conscience of humanity Is arising from all parts of Germany," he said. "Unprecedented sums of compensa tion are being demanded. Impossible stretches of German territory are to be taken and crushing financial and mili tary restrictions are to be Imposed. But the government will not permit the people's right to be encroached upon." "Germany has the right to protest ngnlnst acta of oppression. We are re sponsible for the Brest-Lltovsk and. Bucharest treaties, but even if Ger many la guilty of all the acousatlons against her she has not lost the right ta protesL" l. ITALY THREATENS TO QUIT PEACE TABLE UNLESS GIVEN FLUME. : . - m » View of Fiume and Its Harbor. Italy's peace delegates have threatened to quit the Versailles conference unless the Croatian city of Fiume, on the Adriatic sea, is assigned to Italy. The Jugo-slavs SUFFRAGISTS NAME T Choice of Name for New Body May Cause Squabble; 32 States Soar Beyond Quotas in Raising $120,000 Budget. St. Louis, Mo., March 27.—The National American Woman Suf frage association became the League of Women Voters shortly before noon today. Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, na tional president of the old organi zation, proposed the name change, declaring the other did not repre sent both women of voting and non-voting states. Mrs. J. A. Nathan, of Now York, suggssted the new name. Chicago, March 27. — A Phoenix arose this morning from the ashes of the National American Woman Suf frage association. The first act of the new body whs the choice of a name and election of mem bers of tho board of directors. With eight to be elected, the follow ing have filed their candidacy with the special committee in charge of the elec tion : Mrs. J. C. Cantrill, Kentucky; Miss Esther Ogden, New York; Mrs. Hcn iJamin Hoops, Wisconsin; Mrs. E. I,. Hutchinson, Kentucky; Mrs. R. E. Ed wards, Indiana; Mrs. J. Farrell, Michi gan; Mrs. T. T. Cotnam, Arkansas; Mrs. Arthur Livermore, New York City; Mrs. Hugh Ward, Kansas Cltyl. That thé choice of a name will meet some strong objections has been voiced since yesterday's action when the new organization was agreed upon. Many delegates have objected to a name change until after the federal amend ment has passed congress. An effort to amend organization plans so that the change lii name will not be effective until the next convention was expected, to develop. The new name probably will be passed on to all state and local organizations. With 32 states going over their quo tas, a budget of $ 120,000 for carrying on the work In 101 !) was raised In a few hours last night. WHEAT HOLDINGS THREE TIMES THOSE YEAR AGO Washington, March 27.—Commercial wheat holdings on March 1 totalled 197,277,638 bushels, according to a sur vey by the department of agriculture. This Is three times the holdings re ported for a year ago. These figures are based on holdings reported by 11,499 firms and do not represent the total commercial stocka "5f the country, nor Include stocks on farms. THE WEATHER Forecast for Boise and vicinity: FAIR TONIGHT AND FRIDAY, For Idaho: Tonight and Friday, fair. Highest temperature yesterday ....<5 Dowest temperature this morning. ,-31 Mean temperature yesterday ,,....41 are insistent that this port be al Ioted to them, claiming It to be es sentially a Croatian city and nec essaiy to the new ugo-slav state BESSARABIA DECLARES INDEPENDENCE;STARTS TROOPS INTO RUMANIA Think Lenine Back of Revolt in Ef fort to Install Communication With Budapest. Warsaw, March 26.—Bessarabia has proclaimed its Independence, establishing a Soviet republic, and has begun offensive agntnst the Rumanian army of occupation, a dispatch from Cbotin announced today. 4 (Bessarabia Is a former province of Russia, bordering Rumania on on the northeast. It lias been claimed and conquered by Ru mania.) The Bessarabian army has cap tured the important town of Sad agora and Is pushing the Ruman ians across the Pruth river to ward Largu. The belief was expressed here that the Russian Bolshevlki are engineering the Bessarabian cam paign for the purpose of establish ig direct communication between ^loscow and Budapest. M. Lisklm heads the new Bes sarabian government. Chotln is In Bessarabia, 175 miles east of Lemberg. Largu Is In Rumania, 100 miles southwest of Chotin. WERE U-BOATS' PRET; Washington, March 27.—American shipping suffered comparatively little at the hands of German submarines during the war, according to complete figures of allied and neutral ship losses, mud* available today. Only 125 American vessels were lost as com pared to 317 British. In tonnage fig ures we lost 383,967 tons against Brtt jnin's 7,818,870, navy department figures I show. Neutrals and some of the smaller entente nations suffered more than the United States. Greece lost 162 vessels and Norway 781. Totals, covering sinkings from August, 1914, to Nov. 1, 1918, are: ShlpB. Tonnage. United States ........ 125 385,967 Great Britain (mer chant) ...........2.475 Great Britain (fishing) 672 France............. 528 Italy........ 565 Japan . . ........... 29 Belgium............ 34 Portugal........... 71 Greece , . ........... 162 Russia........... 124 Norway........... 7(1 .Sweden............. 165 Denmark........... 225 Holland............. 105 Spain . , ............ 79 7,747,935 71,935 907,138 852,124 120,784 81,408 92,382 337,545 183,852 1,178,336 201,732 239,922 199,970 167,693 81,278 U. S. AIR SERVICE MEN GRANTED DISMISSAL Washington, March 27—The air ser vies has been cut 57 per cent In -per sonnel up to March 13, It was said of ficially today. Total offioers and men of the air servie* discharged since the armis tice number 11,271. as affording the -only 'feasible sea outlet for her commerce. A min ority of the people of Flume are of Italian blood. OF MAJ. ROOSEVELT, IT Cousin of Former President Dies Suddenly Aboard Great Northern; Many Troops Prom Overseas Are Landed Today. New York, March 27.—The transport Great Northern arrived hero today with the body of Major James A. Roosevelt, cousin of the former president. Major Roosevelt died suddenly yesterday. He was commander of the 302nd ammuni tion train and was one of a party of the 77th division officers on their way home to make preparations for the di vision's return. Units aboard the Great Northern were the 145th, infantry, field and staff headquarters, machine gun and supply company and companies A to E, inclu sive, 27 officers and 1789 men; de tachment machine gun company, 148th infantry, 19 men; casual company number 745, one officer and 14 men; 22 casual officers. 1791 MEN ON PUEBLO. New York, March 27.—The cruiser Pueblo arrived today with 1791 men of the following organizations: 147th In fantry, third battalion headquarters, and companies 1, K, L and M (Camp Sherman) ; 112th supply train complete; United States army ambulance sections 501, 509, 546, 586, 594, 627, «29. 631, «33, and «42 from Camps Upton, Dix, Dev ens, Grant, Sherman, Kearny and Fun ston; casual companies 733, 734, 735, scattered; 736, Montana; 1749 New Jer sey; 1485 New York; 1486 Pennsylva nia; 1491 Massachusetts and 1493 Now York and 112 casual officers and men unattached. The Titves arrived with detachments of base hospital 7 and 27 and New York casual detachment and several casual officers. Tho Westboro brought In casual company 40, one officer and 10 men (Continued on Page Two.) ILLINOIS MILLIONAIRE DRIVES CAR INTO BAT, DROWNING TWO WOMEN Oakland, Cal. March 27—J. P. Ar thur, 43, millionaire president of the Cyclone Wire Works, Waukegan, 111., drove the automobile which dropped Into the bay from a ferry slip, drown ing two women and nearly drowning Arthur. Police established his Identity through searching Arthur's effects. Arthur Is still In u serious condi tion at the Emergency hospital. He will be held on a technical charge, pending investigation of the fatality. Yesterday, Arthur arrived from San Diego, making a tour of Inspection of the various Pacific coast agencies of his firm. Identity of the two women who were killed by the accident is still unsettled. Arthur Is not yet In a condition to shed any light on. the matter, and there was nothing found on either body to offer any lead. Both women were gowned In expensive party dresses. One Is about 20 years, the other'about 80. Both wore wedding rings, dlo mond ring* and other Jewelry. THEODORE ROOSEVELT APPRECIATES TRIBUTE, BUT SIDESTEPS HONOR Wires Seattle Aeeoeiation Asking No Organization Bo Formtd to Ad vocate Candidacy. Seattle, Wash., March 2q— Theodore Roosevelt, requested by Seattle parents of soldiers and sailors to become a candidate for vice president on the Republican ticket, today sent the following telegram to William F. Bickel, vice president of the War Parents association; "Am deeply appreciative of hon or you do mo. You can rest as sured that it will be my endeavor to live up to the high standard set by my father In public ser vice and to justify your opinions of me. I request, however, that no organization be formed advocating my candidacy for vice president." KNTIWHËVK FORCES LAUNCH DRIVE MDVMSK Heavy Fighting Reported in Livonia With Reds on Defen sive; Czecho-Slovaks Cross Danube Cutting Railway. the Dvinsk region, according to a wire !iay. di 'iC C oomtmmiqu r rraid TheVoT sheviki are defending their positions nC Heavy t'ghung V 'waa reported m pro giess m Livonia and along the Tukui London, March 27.—Anti-Bolshevik forces have begun a strong offensive in Mitau railway. CROSS THE DANUBE. London, March 27.—Czecho-Slovak forces have crossed the Danube, cut ting the Budapent-Vienna railway, a news agency dispatch from Brazil re ported today. - This apparently refers to the occu patlon of Raab, which Is south of the Danube, midway between Vienna and Budapest. _ * GERMAN PEACE ENVOYS. Berlin, March 26—Under the chair manshlp of General von Wrisberg of the Prussian war ministry, the follow lng will constitute the military mem bers of the German peace delegation, It was announced today; General von Harmnerstetn, military president of the Spa armistice com mission. Major von Beck; former member of the crown prince's staff. Lieutenant Col. .von Aylander of the Bavarian general staff. Major Boetticher of the Saxon gen eral staff. CaptVn Geyer of the Wurttenburg army. j - ! Iowa Governor Target of Harsh _ . .. . , Grilling by Legislature Con- I cerning Rathbun Pardon Case; Quiz Financial StatUB. — ■— "■ J T De» Moine», la., March 27.—"I may j have made a mistake." That was the only admission wrung from Governor W. L. Harding by H. W. Byers, counsel for the house Ju dlelary committee, probing the pardon of Ernest Rathbun. Ida county social criminal. Tl.e legislative Investigating body | had the stute executive ok the grill for , more than four hours during a late afternoon and night session yesterday. The governor's testimony brought ng ! admission that he had broken a prcce- I dent In pardoning Rathbun without re ferring the application to the parole! board. Ho did not concede that the appll- ! cation for pardon, to hly knowledge, j did not comply with the law. Byers failed to bring out an admis- I sion that Harding wilfully attempted to withhold Information when he de- . livered his Rathbun message to the 1 assembly last month. The governor 1 was positive he did not try to protect his act after he reached the conclu- j ■Ion that he had been deceived In Is- ! suing the pardon. When Harding re sumes late this afternoon he will be ! asked to produce his personal bank ac- ! counts for the laat four months of 1918. i He will also be asked to produce any personal notes he might have redeemed during the came period. HUNGARIAN SOVIET REPUBLIC FIRMLY ESTABLISHED; OUIET MARKS CHANGE WITH ALIENS GIVEN COMPLETE PROTECTION Republic Follows Bloodless Revolution Which Apparently Has Approval of Wealthy as Well as Humble Classes; Organize Red Army on Purely Volunteer Basis; New System of Jus tice Installed With Revolutionary Tribunals Meting Out Punishment Rapidly and Effectively. Copenhagen, March 27.—Premier Lenine has warned Foreign Minister Belakun of Hungary that it would be a mistake for the Hungarian Soviet government to adopt the same tactics the Bolsheviki employed in Russia, according to a dispatch from Vienna today. Following it the first direct dispatch from Hungary to be raoelvad in this country ainca tho Bolshevik government was set up at Budapest. It effectu ally diapoees of roports that allied representatives have been mistreated, that Hungary Has declared war againat the entente and that thsra ha* been blood shed i By EDWARD BIN(* (Copyright 1919 by Unttcg Press.) Budapest, Hungary, March 25—(10:10 p. m.)—The Hungarian Soviet republic was firmly established today, without disorder or . bloodshed and with amicable relations continuing with allied representatives. All aliens and al lied soldiers are at complete liberty. The popularity of British and American officers has not diminished. Everything in the country has been socialized, from the army down to baths. This reorganization has been ac complished with apparent approval of the wealthy and aristocratic as well as the poor and humble. RAISE VOLUNTEER ARMY. A red army is being organized on a purely volunteer basis, conscription beln H abolished a 3 soon as the poin- mu nist government took office. Sol- Kiel's are paid $90 a month. They are | clothed, fed and equipped without j charge and in addition they receive i extra P a Y for support of their families, Army commanders are named by tbe commissary of war, all ranks be ,n K eligible. Officers are picked pure ly on their merits after a careful ex amination of their record. Indications P° int to formation of the largest, most contented army In the history of the j countdy. | Daw courts have been abolished and j supplanted by revolutionary tribunals, i composed of a chairman and two members. They are virtually In con tlnuous session and justice Is meted out rapidly and effectually, with more consideration for real Justice than mere law. Punishment Is carried out Immediately after sentence Is pro nounced. The death penalty can be pronounced only by unanimous vote of the tribunal. All industries have been ordered to continue at work. Special committees are being formed to insure fair dis tribution of the scanty supplies of raw material. ALL RANKS ABOLISHED. Spreading of false news is severely punished. All titles, and ranks are abolished. Shop keepers have been ordered to prepare a list of their stocks tytd bank accounts. This Is merely for the In- formation of the government And no 'attempt will be mads to selzg either. Steps have been taken to substitute cash for checks whenever possible. The stock exchange has been brdered Vub"* baïhfmüst be open to the Inbor Class and school children and no churge will be made to them. All prl vote bathrooms likewise are at their disposal on Saturdays. Hungarian workmen, meeting In var loua parts of the country, have de clored their unanimous approval of the reforms Instituted by the communist ® ov eminent._ ^ 1,381,698 YANKS DISCHARGED, Washington, March 27-lncomplete reports up to March 19, bring total dls charKes D f enlisted men to 1,381,698, the , var de pa rtm ent stated officially today " " London, March 27.—The airship section of the Royal air force an nounced today that the two air ships. recently launched (R-3S and R-34), will not participate In any, trans-Atlantic competition but will demonstrate that they can cross the ocean. . The airships. It was said, prob ably will not start before May. One of them wlH cross Scotland to New Foundland, where it will drop a messenger In a parachute If the weather is good, returning to Scot land without stopping. If the weather le unfavorable the oraft will continue to the United States. U. S. Business Grabs Flying Start in Race for World Trade; Shipping at Rate of $7,500,OpO,000 Annually. Washington, March 27.—American exports are booming and now average more than $ 20 , 000,000 a day, according to late reports to the department of commerce. If this tide of gold toward America can be maintained, experts say. It' means more and bigger factories here, less unemployment, continued high wages and greater markets for all products. j This country's export trade today, according to official figures, shows we are beginning the big battle for world trade with a flying start. In 1914 United States exports totalled only $2,000,000,000 In goods. In 1918, dur ing the closing months of the war, it had Jumped to the rate of (6,000,000, 000 a year while now, commerce, fig ures show, exports are leaving Ameri can ports at the rate of $7,500,000,000 annually. They averaged (21,000,000 dally during February. Flans are near completion for the co-operation of all. government departments In a fighting organization to back up American ex ports In their struggle to keep Amerl can trade ahead. Fortified with a doubled appropria tion, the commerce department la or ganizing a world trade advisory group of 60 experts. This Is In addition t# the army of Ameaican consular officials scattered over the world. The war finance corporation Is planning to give financial support on a big scale to Individual exporters and firms. landing there. The other ship will fly by the southern route,, touch ing in Africa and landing In Flor ida. The Aero club announced to day that Its entry will attempt t* fly across the Atlantic early In April, starting from New Found land. The latest entry for the Mall's 150,000 prise Is S. P. Raynhan, an Englishman. Discussing the official statement regarding the ' R-33 and R-84 a member of the Royal Aero club eald today that Americans should not be eurprlsed, "If their test trips result one of these morning* In their landlitt In Amerl car.