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BOISE, IDAHO, THURSDAY, MARCH 27, 1919
LENINE WARNS HUNGARY TO AVOID RUSSIAN TACTICS
BY CABLE WITH
WILSON ON THE
Writes Four Amendments to
Covenant Which President
Has Placed Before Confer
ees; Criticism Welcome.
THE MONROE DOCTRINE
Washington Democrats Regard
League Opposition on Wane;
Confident Changes Will Sub
due Senate Republicans.
By ROBERT J. BENDER.
Washington, March 27—Six-Presi
dent Taft Is working by cable with
President Wilson in an effort to so
amend the league of nations covenant
so us to make it acceptable to opposi
tion of tile Republicans, This was of
ficially disclosed today when the
White House let it be known that the
peace conference In Paris is now
working on four amendments to the
covenant, written by Taft at President
The amendments have to do
largely, it is said, with safeguard
ing the Monroe doctrine, one of the
foremost points of contention be
tween the president and Repub
Taft drafted his proposed amend
ments shortly after President Wilson's
return to France. Before dispatching
them, however, he asked Secretary Tu
multy to inquire of the president
whether suggestions were in order.
The president responded that he would
be very glad to hear Taft's proposals.
The amendments were then cabled
the president through official chan
nels and the president personally ac
knowledged receipt of them in a later
message tor Taft.
He did not indicate, however, what
was being done about the amendments.
A further message today to the White
House disclosed that the president has
all four of the Taft amendments be
fore the league of nations carpenters.
Simultaneously with this develop
ment it was stated by those in intimate
touch with the president today that he
at no' time had been unwilling to re
ceive constructive criticism of the
original league covenant.
When definite suggestions had been
offered it was said that President Wil
son had utilized this In attempting to
modify the document so as to make it
Admiral Grayson, in a private cable
today, said the president is working
night and day, but is "bearing up well
under the strain.''
President Wilson is understood to
regard the ten days between March 23
and about April 3, as the most rrucial
in the whole peace conference. Tills
may have accounted for the fact that
In cabling Taft regarding league sug
gestions he urged haste in their dis
HIGH TIDE PASSED.
In administration quarters today the
view was expressed that the high tide
of opposition to the league of nations
has been passed and that both In con
gress and throughout the country there
is a marked upturn in favor of a
league. Complete confidence is voicçd
that the league covenant, ns re
drafted In accordance with Republican
suggestion, will meet the demands of
opponents of the original draft. Al
ready some opposition senators have
shown a tendency to be far more re
ceptive toward the plan than at first.
Copenhagen, March 27.—Chancellor
Bcheldemann, addressing the national
assembly, again threatened the peace
conference with a refusal to sign tne
peace treaty, according to a dispatch
from Weimar today.
"A cry of despair, an appeal to the
conscience of humanity Is arising from
all parts of Germany," he said.
"Unprecedented sums of compensa
tion are being demanded. Impossible
stretches of German territory are to be
taken and crushing financial and mili
tary restrictions are to be Imposed. But
the government will not permit the
people's right to be encroached upon."
"Germany has the right to protest
ngnlnst acta of oppression. We are re
sponsible for the Brest-Lltovsk and.
Bucharest treaties, but even if Ger
many la guilty of all the acousatlons
against her she has not lost the right
ITALY THREATENS TO QUIT PEACE TABLE UNLESS GIVEN FLUME.
: . -
View of Fiume and Its Harbor.
Italy's peace delegates have
threatened to quit the Versailles
conference unless the Croatian city
of Fiume, on the Adriatic sea, is
assigned to Italy. The Jugo-slavs
Choice of Name for New Body
May Cause Squabble; 32
States Soar Beyond Quotas
in Raising $120,000 Budget.
St. Louis, Mo., March 27.—The
National American Woman Suf
frage association became the
League of Women Voters shortly
before noon today.
Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, na
tional president of the old organi
zation, proposed the name change,
declaring the other did not repre
sent both women of voting and
non-voting states. Mrs. J. A.
Nathan, of Now York, suggssted
the new name.
Chicago, March 27. — A Phoenix
arose this morning from the ashes of
the National American Woman Suf
The first act of the new body whs the
choice of a name and election of mem
bers of tho board of directors.
With eight to be elected, the follow
ing have filed their candidacy with the
special committee in charge of the elec
Mrs. J. C. Cantrill, Kentucky; Miss
Esther Ogden, New York; Mrs. Hcn
iJamin Hoops, Wisconsin; Mrs. E. I,.
Hutchinson, Kentucky; Mrs. R. E. Ed
wards, Indiana; Mrs. J. Farrell, Michi
gan; Mrs. T. T. Cotnam, Arkansas;
Mrs. Arthur Livermore, New York
City; Mrs. Hugh Ward, Kansas Cltyl.
That thé choice of a name will meet
some strong objections has been voiced
since yesterday's action when the new
organization was agreed upon. Many
delegates have objected to a name
change until after the federal amend
ment has passed congress. An effort to
amend organization plans so that the
change lii name will not be effective
until the next convention was expected,
to develop. The new name probably
will be passed on to all state and local
With 32 states going over their quo
tas, a budget of $ 120,000 for carrying on
the work In 101 !) was raised In a few
hours last night.
WHEAT HOLDINGS THREE
TIMES THOSE YEAR AGO
Washington, March 27.—Commercial
wheat holdings on March 1 totalled
197,277,638 bushels, according to a sur
vey by the department of agriculture.
This Is three times the holdings re
ported for a year ago.
These figures are based on holdings
reported by 11,499 firms and do not
represent the total commercial stocka
"5f the country, nor Include stocks on
Forecast for Boise and vicinity:
FAIR TONIGHT AND FRIDAY,
For Idaho: Tonight and Friday,
Highest temperature yesterday ....<5
Dowest temperature this morning. ,-31
Mean temperature yesterday ,,....41
are insistent that this port be al
Ioted to them, claiming It to be es
sentially a Croatian city and nec
essaiy to the new ugo-slav state
TROOPS INTO RUMANIA
Think Lenine Back of Revolt in Ef
fort to Install Communication
Warsaw, March 26.—Bessarabia
has proclaimed its Independence,
establishing a Soviet republic, and
has begun offensive agntnst the
Rumanian army of occupation, a
dispatch from Cbotin announced
(Bessarabia Is a former province
of Russia, bordering Rumania on
on the northeast. It lias been
claimed and conquered by Ru
The Bessarabian army has cap
tured the important town of Sad
agora and Is pushing the Ruman
ians across the Pruth river to
The belief was expressed here
that the Russian Bolshevlki are
engineering the Bessarabian cam
paign for the purpose of establish
ig direct communication between
^loscow and Budapest.
M. Lisklm heads the new Bes
Chotln is In Bessarabia, 175
miles east of Lemberg. Largu Is
In Rumania, 100 miles southwest
WERE U-BOATS' PRET;
Washington, March 27.—American
shipping suffered comparatively little
at the hands of German submarines
during the war, according to complete
figures of allied and neutral ship
losses, mud* available today. Only
125 American vessels were lost as com
pared to 317 British. In tonnage fig
ures we lost 383,967 tons against Brtt
jnin's 7,818,870, navy department figures
Neutrals and some of the smaller
entente nations suffered more than the
United States. Greece lost 162 vessels
and Norway 781. Totals, covering
sinkings from August, 1914, to Nov. 1,
United States ........ 125 385,967
Great Britain (mer
Great Britain (fishing) 672
Japan . . ........... 29
Greece , . ........... 162
Spain . , ............ 79
81,278 U. S. AIR SERVICE
MEN GRANTED DISMISSAL
Washington, March 27—The air ser
vies has been cut 57 per cent In -per
sonnel up to March 13, It was said of
Total offioers and men of the air
servie* discharged since the armis
tice number 11,271.
as affording the -only 'feasible sea
outlet for her commerce. A min
ority of the people of Flume are
of Italian blood.
OF MAJ. ROOSEVELT,
Cousin of Former President
Dies Suddenly Aboard Great
Northern; Many Troops Prom
Overseas Are Landed Today.
New York, March 27.—The transport
Great Northern arrived hero today with
the body of Major James A. Roosevelt,
cousin of the former president. Major
Roosevelt died suddenly yesterday. He
was commander of the 302nd ammuni
tion train and was one of a party of
the 77th division officers on their way
home to make preparations for the di
Units aboard the Great Northern
were the 145th, infantry, field and staff
headquarters, machine gun and supply
company and companies A to E, inclu
sive, 27 officers and 1789 men; de
tachment machine gun company, 148th
infantry, 19 men; casual company
number 745, one officer and 14 men; 22
1791 MEN ON PUEBLO.
New York, March 27.—The cruiser
Pueblo arrived today with 1791 men of
the following organizations: 147th In
fantry, third battalion headquarters,
and companies 1, K, L and M (Camp
Sherman) ; 112th supply train complete;
United States army ambulance sections
501, 509, 546, 586, 594, 627, «29. 631, «33,
and «42 from Camps Upton, Dix, Dev
ens, Grant, Sherman, Kearny and Fun
ston; casual companies 733, 734, 735,
scattered; 736, Montana; 1749 New Jer
sey; 1485 New York; 1486 Pennsylva
nia; 1491 Massachusetts and 1493 Now
York and 112 casual officers and men
The Titves arrived with detachments
of base hospital 7 and 27 and New York
casual detachment and several casual
Tho Westboro brought In casual
company 40, one officer and 10 men
(Continued on Page Two.)
DRIVES CAR INTO BAT,
DROWNING TWO WOMEN
Oakland, Cal. March 27—J. P. Ar
thur, 43, millionaire president of the
Cyclone Wire Works, Waukegan, 111.,
drove the automobile which dropped
Into the bay from a ferry slip, drown
ing two women and nearly drowning
Arthur. Police established his Identity
through searching Arthur's effects.
Arthur Is still In u serious condi
tion at the Emergency hospital. He
will be held on a technical charge,
pending investigation of the fatality.
Yesterday, Arthur arrived from San
Diego, making a tour of Inspection of
the various Pacific coast agencies of
Identity of the two women who were
killed by the accident is still unsettled.
Arthur Is not yet In a condition to
shed any light on. the matter, and there
was nothing found on either body to
offer any lead. Both women were
gowned In expensive party dresses.
One Is about 20 years, the other'about
80. Both wore wedding rings, dlo
mond ring* and other Jewelry.
BUT SIDESTEPS HONOR
Wires Seattle Aeeoeiation Asking No
Organization Bo Formtd to Ad
Seattle, Wash., March 2q—
Theodore Roosevelt, requested by
Seattle parents of soldiers and
sailors to become a candidate for
vice president on the Republican
ticket, today sent the following
telegram to William F. Bickel,
vice president of the War Parents
"Am deeply appreciative of hon
or you do mo. You can rest as
sured that it will be my endeavor
to live up to the high standard
set by my father In public ser
vice and to justify your opinions
of me. I request, however, that no
organization be formed advocating
my candidacy for vice president."
Heavy Fighting Reported in
Livonia With Reds on Defen
sive; Czecho-Slovaks Cross
Danube Cutting Railway.
the Dvinsk region, according to a wire
!iay. di 'iC C oomtmmiqu r rraid TheVoT
sheviki are defending their positions
nC Heavy t'ghung V 'waa reported m pro
giess m Livonia and along the Tukui
London, March 27.—Anti-Bolshevik
forces have begun a strong offensive in
CROSS THE DANUBE.
London, March 27.—Czecho-Slovak
forces have crossed the Danube, cut
ting the Budapent-Vienna railway, a
news agency dispatch from Brazil re
This apparently refers to the occu
patlon of Raab, which Is south of the
Danube, midway between Vienna and
* GERMAN PEACE ENVOYS.
Berlin, March 26—Under the chair
manshlp of General von Wrisberg of
the Prussian war ministry, the follow
lng will constitute the military mem
bers of the German peace delegation,
It was announced today;
General von Harmnerstetn, military
president of the Spa armistice com
Major von Beck; former member of
the crown prince's staff.
Lieutenant Col. .von Aylander of the
Bavarian general staff.
Major Boetticher of the Saxon gen
CaptVn Geyer of the Wurttenburg
Iowa Governor Target of Harsh
_ . .. . ,
Grilling by Legislature Con- I
cerning Rathbun Pardon
Case; Quiz Financial StatUB.
— ■— "■ J
De» Moine», la., March 27.—"I may j
have made a mistake."
That was the only admission wrung
from Governor W. L. Harding by H.
W. Byers, counsel for the house Ju
dlelary committee, probing the pardon
of Ernest Rathbun. Ida county social
Tl.e legislative Investigating body |
had the stute executive ok the grill for ,
more than four hours during a late
afternoon and night session yesterday.
The governor's testimony brought ng !
admission that he had broken a prcce- I
dent In pardoning Rathbun without re
ferring the application to the parole!
Ho did not concede that the appll- !
cation for pardon, to hly knowledge, j
did not comply with the law.
Byers failed to bring out an admis- I
sion that Harding wilfully attempted
to withhold Information when he de- .
livered his Rathbun message to the 1
assembly last month. The governor 1
was positive he did not try to protect
his act after he reached the conclu- j
■Ion that he had been deceived In Is- !
suing the pardon. When Harding re
sumes late this afternoon he will be !
asked to produce his personal bank ac- !
counts for the laat four months of 1918. i
He will also be asked to produce any
personal notes he might have redeemed
during the came period.
HUNGARIAN SOVIET REPUBLIC
FIRMLY ESTABLISHED; OUIET
MARKS CHANGE WITH ALIENS
GIVEN COMPLETE PROTECTION
Republic Follows Bloodless Revolution Which Apparently Has
Approval of Wealthy as Well as Humble Classes; Organize
Red Army on Purely Volunteer Basis; New System of Jus
tice Installed With Revolutionary Tribunals Meting Out
Punishment Rapidly and Effectively.
Copenhagen, March 27.—Premier Lenine has warned
Foreign Minister Belakun of Hungary that it would be a
mistake for the Hungarian Soviet government to adopt the
same tactics the Bolsheviki employed in Russia, according
to a dispatch from Vienna today.
Following it the first direct dispatch from Hungary to be raoelvad in this
country ainca tho Bolshevik government was set up at Budapest. It effectu
ally diapoees of roports that allied representatives have been mistreated, that
Hungary Has declared war againat the entente and that thsra ha* been blood
By EDWARD BIN(*
(Copyright 1919 by Unttcg Press.)
Budapest, Hungary, March 25—(10:10 p. m.)—The
Hungarian Soviet republic was firmly established today,
without disorder or . bloodshed and with amicable relations
continuing with allied representatives. All aliens and al
lied soldiers are at complete liberty. The popularity of
British and American officers has not diminished.
Everything in the country has been socialized, from
the army down to baths. This reorganization has been ac
complished with apparent approval of the wealthy and
aristocratic as well as the poor and humble.
RAISE VOLUNTEER ARMY.
A red army is being organized on a
purely volunteer basis, conscription
beln H abolished a 3 soon as the poin-
mu nist government took office. Sol-
Kiel's are paid $90 a month. They are
| clothed, fed and equipped without
j charge and in addition they receive
i extra P a Y for support of their families,
Army commanders are named by
tbe commissary of war, all ranks be
,n K eligible. Officers are picked pure
ly on their merits after a careful ex
amination of their record. Indications
P° int to formation of the largest, most
contented army In the history of the
| Daw courts have been abolished and
j supplanted by revolutionary tribunals,
i composed of a chairman and two
members. They are virtually In con
tlnuous session and justice Is meted
out rapidly and effectually, with more
consideration for real Justice than
mere law. Punishment Is carried out
Immediately after sentence Is pro
nounced. The death penalty can be
pronounced only by unanimous vote
of the tribunal.
All industries have been ordered to
continue at work. Special committees
are being formed to insure fair dis
tribution of the scanty supplies of raw
ALL RANKS ABOLISHED.
Spreading of false news is severely
punished. All titles, and ranks are
Shop keepers have been ordered to
prepare a list of their stocks tytd bank
accounts. This Is merely for the In-
formation of the government And no
'attempt will be mads to selzg either.
Steps have been taken to substitute
cash for checks whenever possible.
The stock exchange has been brdered
Vub"* baïhfmüst be open to the
Inbor Class and school children and no
churge will be made to them. All prl
vote bathrooms likewise are at their
disposal on Saturdays.
Hungarian workmen, meeting In var
loua parts of the country, have de
clored their unanimous approval of the
reforms Instituted by the communist
® ov eminent._ ^
1,381,698 YANKS DISCHARGED,
Washington, March 27-lncomplete
reports up to March 19, bring total dls
charKes D f enlisted men to 1,381,698,
the , var de pa rtm ent stated officially
London, March 27.—The airship
section of the Royal air force an
nounced today that the two air
ships. recently launched (R-3S and
R-34), will not participate In any,
trans-Atlantic competition but will
demonstrate that they can cross
. The airships. It was said, prob
ably will not start before May. One
of them wlH cross Scotland to New
Foundland, where it will drop a
messenger In a parachute If the
weather is good, returning to Scot
land without stopping. If the
weather le unfavorable the oraft
will continue to the United States.
U. S. Business Grabs Flying
Start in Race for World
Trade; Shipping at Rate of
Washington, March 27.—American
exports are booming and now average
more than $ 20 , 000,000 a day, according
to late reports to the department of
If this tide of gold toward America
can be maintained, experts say. It'
means more and bigger factories here,
less unemployment, continued high
wages and greater markets for all
This country's export trade today,
according to official figures, shows we
are beginning the big battle for world
trade with a flying start. In 1914
United States exports totalled only
$2,000,000,000 In goods. In 1918, dur
ing the closing months of the war, it
had Jumped to the rate of (6,000,000,
000 a year while now, commerce, fig
ures show, exports are leaving Ameri
can ports at the rate of $7,500,000,000
annually. They averaged (21,000,000
dally during February. Flans are near
completion for the co-operation of all.
government departments In a fighting
organization to back up American ex
ports In their struggle to keep Amerl
can trade ahead.
Fortified with a doubled appropria
tion, the commerce department la or
ganizing a world trade advisory group
of 60 experts. This Is In addition t#
the army of Ameaican consular officials
scattered over the world.
The war finance corporation Is
planning to give financial support on
a big scale to Individual exporters and
landing there. The other ship will
fly by the southern route,, touch
ing in Africa and landing In Flor
ida. The Aero club announced to
day that Its entry will attempt t*
fly across the Atlantic early In
April, starting from New Found
The latest entry for the Mall's
150,000 prise Is S. P. Raynhan, an
Discussing the official statement
regarding the ' R-33 and R-84 a
member of the Royal Aero club
eald today that Americans should
not be eurprlsed, "If their test trips
result one of these morning* In
their landlitt In Amerl car.
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