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THE NEWS WEATHER FIRST Fair tonight and 8ATURDAY. * VOL. XLn. BOISE, IDAHO, FRIDAY, MARCH 28, 1919 Ho. 73 Proving ^Grounds .Explosion Kills Several Soldiers NEW REPUBLIC WANTS PEACE, BUT TO BATTLE FOR MTERESTS Hungarian Soviets Seek Friend ly Relations With Entente; Karolyi Blames Allies for Government's Fall. AUSTRIAN CABINET WILL RECOGNIZE NEW REGIME Budapest Continues Peaceful With Neutrals and Allied Mis sions Carefully Safeguarded; U. S. Resident Made Envoy. By EDWARD BIND. (Copyright 1919, by United Press ! Budapest, March 26—(9 p. in.)—"We are ready to continue peaceful and friendly relations with the allies if possible, but we will fight to defend our just interests," Bela Kun, foreign minister of the Hungarian Soviet gov ernment, declared in a statement to foreign correspondents. Count Karolyi, former premier, who turned the country over to the com munists, reiterated in an interview, his statement fhat the entente's im perialism was responsible for the change of government in Hungary. "I will continue to work for the sacred cause of saving my country, with less responsibility, but with more energy," he said. RECOGNITION ACCORDED. The Austrian cabinet decided yesterday to recognize the Hun garian Soviet government, ac cording to an official dispatch re ceived from Vienna today. M. Bolgari and F. E. Noyoe have been accredited as represen tatives of the new Hungarian gov ernment in Vienna. The latter for merly was a lecturer on sociology in Clarke university, Worcester, MaSs. Budapest continued peaceful tonight. Even street traffic was undisturbed. Reports from provinces indicate that communism was organized quietly throughout Hungarian territory unoc cupied by the allies, under the direc tion of local Soviets. REPLACE ALLIED FLAGS. Some hotels here hauled down the British and American flags when the Involution was first declared, but the Soviet government ordered that they Le replaced immediately. Colonel Vix, head of the allied com mission in Budapest, and his staff have been courteously treated by the government, which guaraiAeed the safety of their lives and pilperty as well as those of all neutrals and al lied citizens. The Soviet government, continues to issue a veritable torrent of orders. Every citizen has the right? to refuse permission for any .military or civil official to enter his house. Every person is likewise entitled to dispose of his bank account by checks, not to exceed $100 a month, however. All automobiles have been requisi tioned by the government. NEUTRALS PROVIDED FOR. Neutrals will continue to receive the same food rations as formerly, other food distribution measures remain valid. The government is preparing to communize houses and flats, but houses belonging to rentrais and al lied citizens will not be touched ex cept under special orders from Foreign Minister Bela Kun. Communized theaters, it is an nounced, will produce Socialistic classic plays, chiefly Shakespeare (?). The Russian Soviets are keeping in touch with Budapest by wireless. To day they claimed the revolution is sweeping over Galicia and that the red armies have won important .victories ■ in the Ukraine. They also reported successful advance of Bolshevik forces toward Lemberg. 1364 ON ST. LOUIS 4* ___ Cruiser Lands Three Battalions of the 148th Infantry at Ne'Jr York Port. New York, March 28.—The cruiser St. Louis with 1364 officers and men ar rived today. On board the vessel were tlie first, second and third battalions of the 148th Infantry, headquarters company, and a medical detachment. FOR EARLY CONVOY. Washington. March 28.— The war de partment today announced the follow ing organizations have been assigned to early convoy:" Ambulance company 161; field hospital 153; headquarters of first corps, sanitary train; 326th bat tery company; 333rd ambulance com pany; evacuation ho&l^tal 32; conval escent camp |0. RUSSIA AGAIN JUMPS TO LEAD ROLE AT PARIS: American Investigator Reports More Conservative Wing of Radicals Gaining^/ontrol ; Trains Running on Regular Schedule ; Peasants Now Lean Tdwards Conservatives. By FRED S. FERGUSON. Paris, March 28—Russia is again taking a prominent nlace in the peace discussions it developed to day. Though the Russian situation has recurrently appeared, its pres ent injection is believed to be more' important and significant than any time heretofore. There seems to be a possibility-that the neâr future will see the framing of a Russian policy—something the peace coherence has not had since Us inception, and lack of which has been a constant source of em barrassment in considering deal ing with Germany. William E. Bullitt, special inves tigator for the American delega tion, Is understood to have brought back from Russia the best picture of actual conditions that ha3 come out of that country in months. He is said to have found a surprising state of organization in the interior, compared with re ports that 'have been received. Chicago Officials in Resolutions Urge Withdrawal of U. S.i Troops From Russia and I Commercial Trade Resumed. Paris, March 28—The Echo do Paris said today it is rumored that Premier Lenine and War Minister Trotsky have sent a note to tho United States asking that coun try to recognize the Russian Bol shevik government. Chicago, March 28—A demand that the United fttatfes government recog nize the Lenine-Trotsky Soviet gov ernment of Russia was made by the executive committee of the new Chi cago labor party today. In resolutions, the party officials asked that troops be withdrawn from Russia as soon as physical conditions permit and that this be followed im mediately by establishment of com mercial relations with Russia, we further ask that diplomatic and other accredited agents of the Soviet government be received," said the resolutions, "and ask early dispatch in co-operation with the Soviet gov ernment, of food and clothing and necessary industrial and agricultural machinery for sale or for free distri bution." "HARDEST PROBLEM." The committee met immediately on receipt of news that the Russian Soviet government again had asked recognition. "Whereas, the great people of Rus sia are struggling with the hardest problem a nation has ever faced," the resolution read, "we see with wonder a spectacle of nations calling them selves democracies picking up their weapons and trying to destroy that young faith with arms and lies and starvation." Excuse for an eastern front disap peared with the armistice, the resolu tion declared, and the duty of chasing Germany out of Russia disappeared at the same time. "INTOLERABLE WRONG." The resolutions ask that the United StaYes persuade the allies, under threat, if necessary, of "complete dis sociation from their plans, "to with draw all troops and admit Russian delegates to the peace conference. These things i re asked, the resolution states, "for the Russian revolution and the starving people of Russia,' but even more for the righting of "an in tolerable wrong that no man in this war rbali have died for empty words." Copies of the resolutions were or dered sent to Illinois senators and con gressmen and to the department of state. TANK TO CLIMB PIKE'S PEAK AS LOAN FEATURE Washington, March 28.—Pike's peak is going (o have a new experience. A tank—the kind used by the Yanks in France—will bo sent up the famous mountain early in April, Frank R. Wil son, war loan publicity director, an nounced today. It is planned to use the climb as one of the features of opening thedoan campaign in the west. TO DEPORT REDS IN APRIL. London, March 28.—Tho British gov ernment will deport Russian Bolsheviks to Odessa In April, tt was announcod today. The more conservative wing of the Russian radicals is said to be gaining control and stabilizing the general situation. As an instance of the order prevailing in the in terior, trains are running on reg ular schedules, leaving and arriv ing on the minute between Petro grad and Moscow. Peasants, hav ing gained land, are understood to be joining the more conservative elements. Bullitt spent 'a week in Petro grad without being endangered, traveling from there to Moscow. He has made an informal report to a sub-committee which is drawing up a formal report for presentation to the conference. He has no authority to negotiate, acting merely as an observer. His report, however, will have the greatest bearing on developments and sentimept is rapidly swing ing back to the idea expressed early in the conference—that world peace is impossible without deal ing with the Bolsheviki in some way. BEG LEIlilNE'S HELP, ALIENS MISTREATED New Regime, Fearful of Isola tion, Takes Drastic Meas ures; Traveler Says French Officer Held. By JOHN DE GANDT. Paris, March 28.—News received from Budapest today, via Switzerland, indicates the Hungarian Soviet gov ernment, fearful of being cut off from the Russians without help, is taking drastic measures to safeguard its po sition. The Hungarian food commissioner is reported to have decreed a meatless week, starting yesterday. Transgres sors are said to have been threatened with the most severo penalties. The socialization commissioner is under stood to have decreed immediate clos ing of all shops except food, drug, to bacco and stationery stores. Infrac tions of this decree, according to tho dispatches, will be punishable by death. DEEPLY DISAPPOINTED. Official circles in Hungary are said to be deeply disappointed over the failure of the Russian Soviets to send immediate mi Tit ary aid. (Several reports have been received that Russian Bolshevik forces are suc cessfully Invading Galicia for the pur pose of establishing communications between Moscow and Budapest.) A traveler arriving in Pressburg, which is reported to ha*e been occu pied by Italian troops, declared that Colonel Vix, of the French army was arrested in Budapest. His house was besieged and that all entente flags were torn to pieces. The Czech lega tion has been occupied, the traveler said, and official documents have been seized from allied couriers. FEAR COAL FAMINE NEXT WINTER; PRODUCTION LAX Washington, March 28.—With miners working only half time, a coal shortage next winter Is feared by the fuel ad ministration. § "Production of both anthracite and bituminous coal stands at a total of about 50 per, cent of full time output and most of this shortage is caused by lack of orders," the fuel administration announced. "Consumers are advised." says the administration, "that the best time to buy coal is when there Is a lack of de mand for It, and that condition pre vails now." TEXTILE WORKERS ON STRIKE. Passaic, N. J., March 28.—Passaic textile mills are closed today on ac count of the new strike of 12,000 work t ra. The managers of the mills an nounced that all the strikers were dis charged and that the plants will re open April 1 with entirely new crews. XHh WEATHER Forecast for Boise and vicinity: FAIR TONIGHT AND SATURDAY. For Idaho-: Tonight and Saturday, fair. Highest temperature yesterday.....(I Lowest temperature this morning. .3» Mean temperature yesterday........63 SAFEGUARD FOR MONROE POLICY IS NOT YET PUT INLEAGUEPLAN One of Three Important Revis ions to Covenant Held in Abeyance; Wilson Expected to Present Change Shortly. JAP DEMAND FOR RACIAL EQUALITY ALSO OMITTED Phrase Inserted Making Clear! Acceptance of Mandatories by League Members Must Be Made Voluntary. Paris, March 28—That German financiers may be invited to Paris to discuss financial matters be fore the enemy.peace delegation arrives, was indicated in certain quarters here today. The dele-. gates were said to have this plan under consideration. By ED L. KEEN. Paris, March 28.—The revised cove nant of the league of nations will be presented to the ldague commission with three important amendments still in abeyance it developed today. These amendments cover the Monroe doctrine, Japan's claims for racial equality and France's recommendation for greater guarantees of military se curity. The constitution, now in the hands of a special drafting committee, is ex pected to be completed shortly. This committee's powers are restricted, to framing the form of the covenant. It can charge the verbiage but cannot add to or take away from the sub stance. WILSON TO PRESENT. President Wilson, it was stated, is expected to bring up his Monroe doc trine amendment when the league committee meets again to receive the redraft. The constitution covers the French amendment for establishment of an International general staff and the Japanese amendment. As the latter two reservations were made In a plenary session of the peace confer ence, it was pointed out that they might not be presented until the next full meeting. At tho last session of the league committee, it was learned a phrase was inserted in the mandatory clause, making clear that acceptance of man datories must be voluntary. Provis ion was also made for opening all of fices of the league to women as men. In regard to withdrawals from the league, it was made necessary for a nation to give two years' notice. changed somewhat. The form of the covenant was changed somewhat in that provisions for special conventions, such as labor, commerce, and traffic in arms, drugs a»d opium are placed in one ar ticle. Conventions which have Just been completed, including provision for an international labor constitution, must be ratified, separately from the covenant. Payments to Be Permitted in Six Installments Covering Six Months; 10 Per Cent Twice Then 20 Per Cent. Washington, March 28.—Installment privileges for the liberty victory loan will be the most liberal of any govern ment war loan. Secretary Glass an nounced today. Payment will be per mitted in six Installments. In the fourth loan the treasury allowed four Installments. The installment dates and amounts as announced by Glass are: Ten per cent on or before May 10 . ' Ten per cent July 10. Twenty per cent Aug. 12. Twenty per cent Sept. t. Twenty per cent Oct. 7. And tjle^ remainder with accrued in terest on deferred installments Nov. IX. The fourth loan payments were re quired to be completed In four months, as against six months In the victory campaign. Prior to thé fourth loan, the treasury required full payment from the bankf of subscription. The banks, therefore, had to carry all installment payments Which they permitted. LENINE ORDERS HUNGARIANS TO ATTACK VIENNA; PROMISES COIN Bolshevik Chieftain Pledges $20,000,000 to Aid Expedi tion Against Austria; Russian Red Army Seizes Territory. AMERICANS FOIL GERMAN SPARTACANS' REBELLION Boche Radicals Show Renewed Activity, General Strike De dared in Wurttemburg; Corn mists Control at Leipzig. Zurich, March 28—Sevan thou sand Italian troops have occupied Stuhlweiasanburg and Raab, tak ing over a part of the Vienna Budapost railway, according to dispatches received here today. (Stuhlweissenburg is only 35 miles southwest of Budapest and Raab is 67 miles northwest.) Two Rumanian army corps are said to have crossed the frontier of eastern Galicia. URGES ATTACK ON VIENNA. By FRANK J. TAYLOR. Berlin, March 27—Premier Lenine has wirelessed the Hungarian Soviet government urging tnat it send a Bol shevik army against Vienna, according to a dispatch received from Budapest today. He is said to have promised to finance a Hungarian expedition against Austria to the extent of $20,000,000 Discovering that Spartacans plan ned to arm several thousand Russians in Rtehlcben prison tomorrow, Am ericans rushed the prisoners aboard trains tonight and are scattering them in other prison camps tljroughout Germany, In charge of Americans. This notion is believed to have nipped Bolshevist plot to follow Hungary in declaring a Soviet republic. REDS AGAIN ACTIVE. Spartacans in Spandau (nine miles west of Berlin) who had been threat ening to nevolt took no action follow ing tlie removal of the Russians. (The dispatch does not indicate what Americans participated in avert ing the alleged Spartacan plot.) Radicals in other parts of Germany have begun to take matters into their own hands. In Wurttemburg they have declared a general strike to force the government to accept socialization of industries. Leipzig is said to be un der the dictatorship of five commun ists. The Bavarian government has ordered factories in that state to be gin production on a communistic basis. Soviets in Saxony have ordered the factories there to begin communizing, the same as in Bavaria. AUSTRIA THREATENED. Berne, Mardch 28—Russian Bolshe vlk forces penetrating eastern Gallciu are advancing so rapidly that Austria is threatened according to advices re ceived here today. The important oil (Continued on Page Two.) Valera Prefers Colonial Home Rule to Conscription Menace ; Sinn Fein Leader Makes His First Public-Appearance. Dublin, March 28.—Professor Edward De Valera, head of the Irish republic, declared in a statement made public today that self-determination for Ire land would be equally advantageous to the English. It was the first formal statement he had made since that re cently given to the world through the United Press. De Valera, who made his first public ■appearance yesterday alpce his escape from Lincoln prison, visited Lord Mayor O'Neil at the Mansion house. He gave out a statement later. He said that the details of his escape and where he has been since must remain secret for the present. Before the "conscription menace," De Valera declared he would have ac cepted colonial home rule, If .it were urged by other nations. Now, ha maintained, it is the unquestionable right or every enlightened people to govern themselves. He declared that Ireland claims the right to enter the league of nations as a separate unit. Any partnership with England, he said, must be voluntary and England must give* Ireland freedom to. enter what ever association» Ireland may desire. RAILROAD BOARD ASKS WILSON TO INTERVENE IN COAL PRICE FRACAS Washington, March 28.—Presi dent Wilson has been appealed to in the dispute between the railroad administration and the coal opera tors which threatens to seriously hamper tho government's price re duction program, it was learned to day. He has been asked by mem bers of the industrial board, now striving to reduce prices, to order, that all government purchases, in cluding the large amount of coal and steel used by the railraods, be made on a basis of tho prices now being agreed upon by the board and the industries. About 30 per cent of both the steel and coal pro duction of the country is used by the railroads. REVISED NATION LEAGUE MAY BE MADE PUBLIC IN VERYFEWDAYS Cables to White House Show Covenant, With Amendments to Quiet Republican Objec tions, Is Practically Complete Washington, March 28.—The league of nations covenant, as amended,-may be given to the world in a few days, officials here in close toucli with the peace conference believed today. Cables to the White House show tlie covenant, with its amendment to meet the objections of Republicans, is practically complete. Officials/ how ever, claim they have no advices as to just how the covenant has been amended or as to how many of the various suggestions made by critics of the original covenant are embodied in the new draft. DOUBT IT'S OMITTED. Whitte House officials were inclined to doubt dispatches from Paris stutlng that the Monroe doctrine amendment had been temporarily side tracked. They indicated the president was very desirous of making some specific pro visions to assure the safeguarding of the Monroe doctrine in the belief that it will be a big factor in breaking down American opposition to the cove nant. They claimed that no advices had been received regarding the status of the Taft amendments before the peace conference other than that they are being considered. RETURNS WITH SLAYER AFTER 2000-MILE TRIP FROM THE FAR NORTH Van Couver, B. C„ March 28—Com pleting a Journey of upwards of 2000 miles, partly by sleigh over the frozen country lying between Ponce Coupe and the head of the Steel river near Grand Prärie, Alberta, Constable George Duncan arrived in Van Couver today in charge of E. A. Auton, con fessed slayer of Fred Mast, a young American. Auton is not yet 30, and the father of several small children. It is stated that it was tlie attention paid to Mrs. Auton by Mast that caused ill-feeling between the two. There are no wit nesses of tlie shooting, which took place near Rolla, B. C., 12 miles from Pouce Coupe, in the Peace river dis trict. BAKER GOING OVERSEAS; PLANS TO LEAVE APRIL 6 Washington, March 28.—Secretary of War Baker now plans a trip to Europe, leaving here April 6, he said today. He had virtually given up the Idea of go ing abroad in case congress was to oo called early in May, but it ww be lieved around the war department that developments within the last 24 hours had led to a change in plans, and the situation in Hungary is said to be a factor. FIRST BOCHE LINER IS TURNED OVER TO YANKS Washington, March 28—Return of American troops from France was speeded today with the commissioning of the first of 12 German liners loaned to the United States for transports. Navy department advices today said the German steamship Cleveland was commissioned yesterday at Stitheadf On-The-Thames. Two more will be put into tlie Am erican transport service Saturday, the Patricia and the Kaiserin Auguste Victoria. GEN. ALLENBY REACHES CAIRO. Calo, Egypt, March 28.—General Al lenby, conqueror of Palestine, who has been appointed military commander of Egypt, has arrived here. COMMUNICATION WITH MARYLAND RANGESEVERED; MANY ARE HURT Giant Blow-Up Sprays Sector at Aberdeen, Md., With Rain of Iron and Steel; Three Blasts In All. ] LARGE NUMBER OF MEN WERE QUARTERED THERE Hospital Force Rushed to the Scene; Officials Fear Seri ous Disaster Owing to Quan tities of Stored Munitions. Washington, March 28.—With the ordnance proving grounds at Aberdeen, Md., cut off from all wire communication this after noon no accurate information re garding the number of victims of the series of explosions that took place there shortly after noon is available. It is known that several soldiers were killed and a number injured. The first explosion which did little damage occurred at 12:05 p. m. It was followed at 12:15 by a much larger blow-up that ' brought, a rain of iron and steel down on the barracks, new admin istration building, mess hall and post exchange. The railroad station was also dam aged. The last explosion which came at 12:35 was not so severe. All tisree blow-ups occurred on the range some distance from the main firing range. HOSPITAL AID RUSHED. : The victims of the accident were in jthe mess hall at dinner. There were I few men on the range, i Units from the hospital force at Bal timore have been rushed to the scene. Ordnance officers from Washington have started for Aberdeen. Officials feared the explosion may have been serious owing to the large amount of projectiles and ammunition in the vi cinity of the range. A large number of men were stationed there. I A telephone message from a mess house some distance from the scene of the explosion to General Pierce, chief • of ordnance, this afternoon declared (the explosion appeared to have taken place in a trench mortar battery which was somewhat isolated. Direct communication with the proving grounds^ however, is down and the war department has been unable to get further details. NEW SOUTH WALES SCENE OF ANTI-RED DISTURBANCE Sydney, N. S. *V„ March 28.—Bris bane soldiers Monday night, following ■ Russian disturbances, endeavored to, wreck tho "red" headquarters. -Polle«, used bayonets in endeavor to preserve order and shooting followed. There were a few casualties, including a magistrate and the chief of police, who received bayonet wounds. HAYS' CHICAGO AIDE ON JOB. Chicago, March 28—Captain Victor Heintz of Cincinnati, recently appoint ed manager of the Chicago "listening post" or the Republican national com mittee, wjis In charge of the office here today. The office will be formally opened Monday. E. W. Chilton of Ann Arbor, Mich., is to assist Captain Heints in the Chicago headquarters. REDUCED TO SPEECHES Suffrage Conclave Completes Business Program; Packers' Evils to Be Laid Bare. St. Louis, Mo., March 28.—With bus iness of the convention virtually com pleted the National Woman Suffrage convention today simmered down to a program of addresses and discussions, representative of the National Con sumers' league and executive secretary of the Consumers' league of the District of Columbia, was scheduled to tell tha convention of the "packers' trust." Miss Haver attended recent sessions of the federal trade commission In Washington and will detail revelations of packers' workings presented them. Suffrage leaders attending the con vention were still Jubilant today over the reported action of the peace con ference in recognizing women. "It is the most glorious and demo cratic thing that has yet been done In hastening the da^ -when real democracy shall prevail in all countries of the world," Dr. Anna Howard Shaw, hon orary president, declared.