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. • ■ * Wreck Perils Paris Conclave If Peace Delayed ALL 7HE NEWS FIRST WEATHER Fair and warmer to night and Thursday. VOL. XLH. BOISE, IDAHO, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 9, 1919 No. 85 TO ESCAPE DEATH SENTENCE PERSONAL AMS NOW DOMINATE PARLEY; ALIENS BLAME WILSON Hour for Protracted Discussion Has Passed and Early Agree ment Necessary to Avoid Ut ter Failure of Purpose. DELEGATES SHOW STRAIN OF NEVER-ENDING DETAIL' Paris Press Grows Hostile. De claring France and Britain Agreed, but That Wilson Con tinues to Withhold Approval. Paris. April 9.—The "big four" has virtually reached an agreement on questions of responsibility for the war, it was semi-officially an nounced today. By I KED S. FERGl>OX. Baris, April 9. The peace conférence, ' It was declared in certain official quarters today, has reached a stage where* there are just two alternatives— early agreement or a wreck. The period in which continued pro tracted discussions is possible has passed, according to authoritati formation. Every one is shown effect of the strain. Ther vous tension in the very air. Every delegate carries an implied •'ultima tum" on his lips. It is becoming a matter of politi cal and diplomatic effort reaching the end of the string, but, as it is. human beings doing the work, the limit of physical endurance is be ginning to manifest itself. DAYS OF pUIBBLING. iii a ne For «lays there has been quibbling over « lota ils. One person in au t limit v declar oil today it would not he wrong to su; i technically that the conferoes s of the nain issues, lull thiil the constant drag lug In of details has c nused an endlos is going over of every si abject. "It is a case of trying to do things in the usual way at an un usual time, he said. "The result is the conference has degenerated into a scramble for individual desires. The Italians arc nursing their threat to withdraw, while the sug gestion i 3 quietly coming from Pol ish circles that unless they aré given Danzig they will take it by force. The French and British are still struggling with reparation details. while numerous other questions furnish constant ground for argument. "The strong .suggestion for recall ing the provisions of the 14 points ap parently was designed to bring about r steadier basis for working out a settlement of some of these questions.* 1 A portion of the press apparently is preparing to place the responsibility f< :■ delay upon President Wilson, fol lowing the lead suggested in British end French interviews, stating that an agreement will be reached by Fas ter. La Liberté openly declares the British and French are in agreement and that it only remains for Wilson to approve the decisions reached by the big four during his illness. Amer ican delegates have been totally un able to find any of the decisions said to have been reached. SOUVENIRS ON VICTORY LOAN SPECIAL WILL BE GIVEN A SPECIAL GUARD Because some folks believe it is ; legitimate to 'snitch" relics, the war souvenirs on. the victory loan tpcclal train will be closely guard ed by men in charge of the state constabulary. These war relics are of incal culable value and If souvenir hunters are not closely watched it is feared the wonderful display will be depleted. Under the arrangements made ! by State Chalrmaji Gwinn there I will be none carried off and the people of each town will be given u chance to see the entire lot. Forecast for Boise and vicinity— FAIR AND WAItMEK TONIGHT AND TTItJRSDAT. For Idaho—Tonight and Thursday, fair and warmer. Highest temperature yesterday.....56 l.owest temperature this morning ..32 Vean temperature yesterday .......42 ' RULES BURLESON CAN T RAISE TELEPHONE RATE Chicago, April 9.—The state of Illinois won a victory over the fed eral government here today when Superior Judge Foell made perma nent an injunction, granted last February, restraining the American Telephone and Telegraph company and Postmaster General Burleson from increasing telephone rates in the state. The decision is the first given in a number of suits in various states where the increased rates were tested in the courts. In making the injunction permanent, Judge Foell affirmed the exclusive right of the state in regulating telephone rates. CHAOS TO REIGN SHOULD WILSON LEAÏE PARLEYS Washington Confident Paris Conferees Will Reach Decis ion Before Withdrawal Nec essary; Expect Plain Speech. J By ROBERT J. BENDER. ■Washington, April 9—Hope domi nated the thoughts of diplomats, offi cials and legislators here today, des pite the tension reported in some peace circles at Paris. It is believed incredible here that the statesmen of Europe will allow the crisis to reach the state that withdrawal of the Am erican representatives will be real ized. Should America quit the deliber ations, it is the official conviction that chaos would follow. As authorities see it, with France now facing a terrific taxation period in years ahead, that country has a choice of getting nothing at all out of the conference or taking what can justly be awarded her under the presi dent's 14 peace principles. It is stated that the president, seeing increased danger of his peace program being compromised by the subtleties of European dip lomacy, is taking the stand that rather than participate in patched up peace, America will not partici pate jointly with the allies in any peace—but will, in due course, pur sue her own diplomatic course in settling accounts with Germany. That President Wilson will speak plainly the intentions of his delega tion. once he resumes personal contact with the "big four." is the forecast of those in touch with him here. ; ! I SALT LAKE AND OGDEN CIVIC CLUBS GIVE HAND IN BRADY'S FIGHT DRIVE Pocatello, Idaho, April 9.—The Commercial clubs of Salt Lake and Ogden have added $25,000 each to Pocatello's $160,000 guar antee fund to bring the Jess Wil lard - Jack Dsmsey fight here July 4. J. Robb Brady, head of the Po catello Athletic club, announced today. "With Utah, Idaho and Montana already working hard to bring the ftght here, and Oregon preparing to join forces with the intermoun ta'n states, it looks as though Tex Rickard can not afford to overlook our claims," said Brady. "Colorado fans are coming in great numbers to root for Demp sey, and telegrams from mid-wes tern cities indicate the far wes tern fight location may break all championship crowd records.'* ! ! • ; : ' I ! j 1 ■ ! SAYS LIEUT. ROOSEVELT MET DEATH IN COMBAT WITH FOUR HUN PLANES Balt Lake City, April 9.—Quentin Roosevelt in a single-seated plane was attacked by four enemy planes, ac cording to Sergt. C. F. Myers, member of the 36th aero squadron, which Roosevelt commanded. Myers passed through here today with 200 other casuals enroute to Camp Kearney, Cal. He was an eye witness of the fight in which Roose velt Was killed by a machine gun bul let. He said Roosevelt made a gallant fight. • I I ■ 56,979 YANKS IN HOSPITALS. Washington, April ».—Patient* in army hospitals March 31 totalled 56,979. Of these 38,214 have been brought from overseas, the war department an nounced today. BAVARIAN REDS CUT TES WITH EBERT REGIME; SAXONY SHAKY Report Soviet Revolution in Austria Imminent, Notwith standing Entente Threat to Cut Off the Food Supply. jSAXON RADICALS LINKED WITH LENINITE LEADERS J I Munich in State of Siege, Wilh City Bristling With Machine Guns; Anti-Red Bavarians to Fight Soviets. Copenhagen, April 9—The Ba varian Soviet republic has broken relations with the German goven ment at Berlin, a Munich dispatch reported today. Herr von Praeger, Bavarian en voy to Berlin, is said to have been recalled to Munich. Before leav ing he is reported to have inform ed the German cabinet that the new constitution does not bind Bavaria. Paris, April 9—A Soviet revolu tion in Austria may occur within a few days, according to semi official information received from Vienna today. Any threat to cut off the food supplv if the county embraces Bolshevism is not re garded as convincing in view c 9 the fact the allies are known to be ready to feed Hungary which al ready has set up a Bolshevistic government. The Austrian au thorities grip on the situation is said to be weakening. SAXONS FLIRT WITH REDS. By FRANK J. TAYLOR. Boil in, April 8—(Delayed)—The Soviets in Saxony were reported to day to be in communication with Budapest and Moscow. The situation in Saxony was des cribed as "threatening." Herr Lands berg, member of the German cabinet ! who was arrested in Magdeberg (capi tal of Saxony) by Republican guards. Is said to have been rescued and taken 1o Hanover. General von Kleist, com mander of the fourth army corps, who ! was arrested at the same time, was • believed to be still hold a prisoner. ; Bavarian elements opposed to the : Soviets are understood to be organ ' Izing at Nuremburg under Premier Hoffman and preparing for war against the. communists. The latter have placed Munich in a stage of siege. The city is bristling with ma chine gun defenses and armored cars patrol the streets. SOCIALISTS DOMINATE. The German government has inti mated it will not Intel J ere in local af fairs despite the fact that Spartucans are flocking to Munich from all parts of the country. The general strike ap pears to be holding its own. though the presence of government forces has so I far prevented any serious conse* jqlienees. The National Soviet con ! gross, which opened here today, was .dominated by Majority Socialists, j Everything was closely scrutinized land delegates were searched for wei 1 pons. The Spartacans, however, were ■ known to be counting on the Indepen* dent Socialists to turn the congress to ! their advantage. RUPTURE REPORTED. A reported split among the Major ity Socialists delegates to the con egress is said to be causing a decided movement toward radicalism. Many • radical leaders prorofsed to believe the Soviets will I'olloiV the example of .their Bavarian prototypes and demand It he ousting of Chancellor Schelde* jmunn and War Minister rs'osKe. I Members of the German cabinet I were scheduled to leave for Weimai ■ today. ESTIMATE OVER BILLION DOLLARS FARM WAGES IN 1919; HIRED MAN TO SHARE IN HUGE REVENUE Washington, April 9 . — Farm wage* this year will Jump be yond the billion dollar murk, agri culture department figures Indi cated today. The American farmer has be gun to share with the hired man the Increased prosperity that cams to him last year, and Is promised by a 'greatest In hi, tory" wheat crop this year. In pre-war day, the hired hand ALLIES OPPOSE REDS TO GUARD FOUNDATION OF VICTORY PEACE ! British Official Explains Rea son for Entente Fight Against Bolshevism; Denies Mone tary Desire Cause. DECLARES LENINE DOES NOT REPRESENT PEOPLE Praises Role of Anti-Soviets for Efforts, Against Great Odds to Bring About in Russia. Restoration By EDWIN HULLING ER. London, April 9.—Cecil Ilarrnsworth, under-secretary of state for foreign affairs, declared in an interview with the United Press today that the allies are fighting in Russia because the Bolshevik! are openly proclaiming their determination to destroy the foundations upon which peace is be ing determined in Paris. He denied the allies are actuated by a desire to safeguard British and French financial interests or that the allies are supporting reactionary elements in Russia. ''The refusal of the allied govern ments to recognize the Bolsheviki," said Harmsworth "is due to the fol lowing facts: NOT PEOPLE'S AIDES. "The Bolsheviki do not repre sent the Russian people, as shown by their overthrow of the consti tuent assembly and their refusal to grant freedom of the press or th.e right of public meetings to ri val political organizations. "Thay have openly proclaimed themselves enemies of the league of nations and are determined to upset the very foundations upon which p-sace is being determined in Paris." With cynical Indifference to the in terests of their country, they made peace with Germany, and during the latter part of the war acted with hos tility to the entente. STAND FOR RESTORATION. The allies supported the govern ments of Tchaikovski. Kolchak and Deniken, because these governments, formed from every political party in Russia except the Bolsheviki, openly stand for restoration of Russia. And when this is accomplished they will call a national constituent assembly to determine the future form of govern ment. They also will have main tained an alliance with western Eur ope and America and despite over whelming difficulties have refused terms with either the Germans or tin* Bolsheviki who betrayed iheir country and brought it to ruin. It is untrue that any of these governments are openly working for restoration of the monarchy. Tchaikovski and his party are not monarch 1stic. Personally, they favor a republic, but they admit the future form of government must be settled by a constituent assembly. j i I ! I ! BOCHE SOVIETS WARN OF DEFY TO VICTORS' TERMS Copenhagen, April 9.—The Na tional Soviet congress, meeting in Berlin, has sent greetings to the Soviets of Hungary. "The hard conditions imposed in the armistice have reached the limit," declared Herr Leinart, president of the Soviet. "No more will be borne, and, if the entente thinks Germany can be destroyed, it is deceived," J I I ! i j RUMOR MONGER SENTENCED. Budapest, April 9.—A revolutionary tribunal has sentenced Stepluinson Farkar to death for "spreading alarm ing and false news," regarding the re ported advance of the French and Uzeeh « troops. earned approximately 1500,000,000 or about half what he Is expected to receive this year. Reports to the department of agriculture show that last year farm wages had Jumped 72 per cent over those of the five years, from 1909 to 1913. Millions of persons will share the fattened pay envelope. There are 6,717,000 farms in the United States. WILSON MISSION THREATENS TO QUIT CONVENTION IF JUST PEACE AGREEMENT NOT REACHED SOON Declare Other Allies Have Abandoned 14 Points and Armistice Principles; Britain Claims Pact Attained on Import ant Issues, Safeguarding U. S. Interests. Tlic positions of the three leading powers in the peace con ference were outlined today as follows: I nited States—The other allies have abandoned the 14 paints and the principles contained in the armistice in favor of purely selfish interests. They must come to a quick agreement for a just and lasting peace or the Amer icans will withdraw from the conference. Great Britain—An agreement has been reached on all the important questions, with the exception of a few de tails. r fhe peace treaty will be drawn up without sacri ficing any of the American principles. • France—France must have adequate indemnities or be burdened by debt for the next century, while the Germans, who caused the war. profit from her plight. Clemenceau, Lloyd George, Orlando and House virtually agreed on the peace settlement during Wilson's illness. It is now up to the president to ratify these decisions. CLEMENCEAU TO CONTINUE FIGHT Every French Citizen Burdened With $1000 Debt, Nation Owing $40,000,000,000; Resolved Boche Must Pay. By WILLIAM PHILLIP SIMS. Paris, April 9.—Premier Clemenceau, undaunted by charges of imperialism or insinuations that France is imbued with a childish idea of vengeance, con tinued to fight for what the French regard as adequate reparation from Germany. The premier's arguments are backed by the most startling fig ures. France's national debt is more than $40,000,000,000. Every man. woman and child, therefore, is burdened with a debt of more than $1000. Every baby is born owing a debt on which it must pay at least an annual interest of $55. France's annual expenditures are placed at $3,000,000,000 a year, equaling at least .50 per cent of every one of her 13.000,000 moneyq producing males* wages and incomes in France. Professor Henri Truchy, famous French economitt .estimates it will take 10 years to free the country from debt. CALIFORNIA SENATE ON RECORD AGAINST JAP RACIAL APPEAL Sacramento, Cal., April 9.—Interest in the anti-Japanese fights in the Cali fornia legislature shifts to the assem bly today, following passage by the sonnte of a proposed joint resolution requesting the peace conference to op pose covenants removing immigration control from the various nations. Receiving no reply to a cable asking President Wilson if such legislation would embarrass the peace conference the senate acted on the assumption that the bill would cause no difficulty at Paris. The resolution asserts that "the free coming of a non-assimilable Oriental immigration would make California and the Pacific coast an Oriental col ony, undermining civilization and in stitutions." j CHARGE SERVICE MEN, WHO SOLD TAGS, WITH CRIMINAL CONSPIRACY Tacoma, Wash., April 9—Officers are today seeking Steve Burke, Ta coma secretary-treasurer of the Sol diers' and Sailors' council, and J. B. Johnson. Seattle, state organizer, on warrants issued late yapterday by W. D. Askrcn, Pierce county prosecutor. The men are charged with criminal conspiracy to sell tags unlawfully last Saturday. Six other members of the soldiers [and sailors council and W. T. (PaUdy) Morris, labor leader, were charged In iformation filed yesterday afternoon by Prosecutor Askren with criminal conspiracy. The charge on conviction carries with it a fine of $1000, a year in the county jail, or both WILSON ROUSED BY SIDESTEP OF PERSONAL PLAN President Not Agreed With Colleagues That Settlement Near; Must Return to 14 Points and Foch Terms. By CARL D. GROAT. Paris, April 9—Despite British and French assertions that the peace set tlement is nearly completed. It was stated semi-officially today that President Wilson does not agree this is the jease. His position was said to be that the conference must get back to the 14 principles and the armistice terms, which he feels have been disre garded lately. Even more emphatically than on Monday, it was declared that the presi dent will quit the conference only ns a last resort in case the other dele gates fail to get together. Ordering of the George Wash ington to Brest does not neces sarily mean that he is quitting, but it was repeated that he will re turn home "if necessary." Persons close to Wilson added there is no threat or bluff in this statement, but that he is fully pre pared to "make good." Summed up, the president's posi tion is that of letting his colleagues know that a "grab all" policy is un tenable and that a peace must soon be made that will be just and honest. CLEMENCEAU ASSAILANT ESCAPES DEATH PENALTY I J ; ■ 'V,*~ il m >«K ^me rf «mil *4 " Emile Cottin. with gendarmas guarding him at triaL Paris, April 9.—Through the inter cession of Premier Clemenceau, the death sentence of Emile Cottin, tha young anarchist who shot the premier, has been commuted to 10 years' Im prisonment at hard labor. pHRMER HUNS' PLAN TO BRING LEADER UNDER ALLIES'POWER "Big Four" Comes to Decision on Williams' Status; Strong Indictment to Be Brought Against War Lords. BRITISH CONTEND PEACE WORK VIRTUALLY ENDED High Official Declares Only Few Details Remain; Questions Can Be Handled Without Sacrificing Wilson Principles Paris, April 9—The "big four," it was learned this afternoon, has decided to eliminate the idea of capital punishment for the former kaiser, but will provide some means for bringing him under al lied control. A decision also has been reached to draw up a strong indictment pointing out the moral responsi bility of Wilhelm and other Gar man leaders for the war. NEED ONLY WILSON O. K. Pa ris, April 9— La Liberté said today that Clemenceau, Lloyd George, Orlando and Colonel House reached an agreement on certain principles while President Wilson was ill. It declared that it now remains for the president to ap prove these decisions, adding "the obvious conclusion is that if he aproves the peace preliminaries will be signed." INSIST AGREEMENT NEAR. By LOWELL MELLETT. Paris, April 9—The British continued today to insist that the peace work is practically concluded. An official in close touch with ihe "big four" told |the United Press that agreement has been reached on all the knotty ques tions with the exception of a few dé tails. He reiterated the differences, so far as principles are concerned, arc now a thing of the past. "It will be a peace which the world's common sense will approve, even if it disappoints the reactionaries on one hand and the extremists on the other," he said. NOT RIGID AFFAIR. The official intimated the peace treaty will leave a great deal for the league of nations to do. saying it will .not be a rigid affair, like most treaties. but will be more like the American (constitution—subject to change, pro vlding two-thirds of the signatories desire. He said all questions could be handled without sacrificing any of (the essential principles. Asked if he meant the principles President Wilson enunciated, he replied: "Yes." NOTED CANADIAN CATHOLIC LEADER DIES SUDDENLY Atlantic City, April 9. — Monsignor Boy of Montreal, one of the heads of the Catholic church in Canada, is dead here. He was apparently in normal health when he celebrated mass in a local church yesterday morning. He was taken ill in the afternoon and died a few hours later. ALL YANKS, EXCEPTING OCCUPATION ARMY; TO BE HOME BY OCTOBER Washington, April 9.—Barring unaxpectad developments, all the American troops in Franco, w ! th the sxception of the army of oc cupation, should be returned to this country by the end of Sap-, tomber, ths navy department stated today. ?.055,718 IN U. S. ARMY; 8893 YANKS IN SIBERIA Washington, April 9. —American forces on April 1 numbered 2.055, 718, according to war department figures published today. These are distributed os follows: Europe, 1,366,610; Siberia, 8893; at saa, 82,739; Unitad States, 562, 064; insular possessions, 35,412. Ths decrease in ths armed •trength of the United States since the armistice was signed is 44 par cent.