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Wilson and Japan Oppose Pwnshm for Kaiser
ALL THE NEWS FIRST EVENING CAPITAL NEWS WEATHER Fair and warmir to night. VOL. XLH. BOISE, IDAHO, SATURDAY, APRIL 12, 1919 No. 88 HAY DAY PEACE SETTLEMENT LATEST PARIS PREDICTION EKTENTE KANTS DEATH PENALTY; U.S. CAN'T FIND LEGAL SANCTION Roll Call of Whole Peace Con ference May Be Necessary to Determine the Fate of Chief War Lord. JAPAN CANT LOSE THAT "BY DIVINE RIGHT'' STUFF Regard Former Emperor as Sacred Person; Americans' Inability to Locate Precedent Basis for Their Objections. By LOWELL MELLETT. Paris, April 12.—A roll call of the whole peace conference may be nec essary to determine whether the for mer kaiser is to be hanged or other wise corporately punished for his crimes. The committee on responsiblity for the war was divided on the question of personal punishment for Wilhelm, Great Britain, France and Italy favor ing it; the United States and Japan opposed It. The ultimate decision, it was said today, may have to be. ren dered when the plenary session dis cusses the committee renorts. POINT AT ISSUE. Th© point at issue was a para graph in the committee report providing arraignment before *he internatonal court or national courts of all persons deemed guilty of military crimes, "regardless of rank/' The Japanese and Ameri can members made a reservation on this provision. Twelve hundred and fifty copies of tho report were ordered printed, but the printing was held up because the dissenters wanted to include a memor andum setting forth the reasons for their objections while the other three desired simply to note the fact that there was a dissenting opinion. CAN'T FIND PRECEDENT. The American objection was based on the inability to find any internatonal law sanctioning pros ecution of the heads of states, be cause it is legally assumed their actions are dictated by policies of stats. The Japanese protested they could not subscribe to a doc trine which would contradict their theory that an emperor is a sacred person, reignng by divine right. There was some talk in British cir cles today that Premier Lloyd George will demand Wilhelm's head. If he does not get it the former kaiser's principal punishment is likely to be a paragraph in tin» connut tee's final re port, condemning bis actions, since there is reason to believe legal ob jection will carry greater weight in the, conference than they did in com mittee. INCLUDES 32 GROUNDS. The report, as finally drawn, in cludes still another ground for indict ment of persons responsible for war crimes, making a total of 32. The 32n<l relates to "organized terrorism" as a deliberate war policy. Under this a number of high German officials might be summoned before an inter national court, even If the former kaiser and crown prince, Grand Admi ral von Tirpitz. Field Marshal von Hindenburg and General Ludendorff escape under American technical ob jections. 9 , | | ! REDS REPORT CAPTURE OF ENTIRE ALLIED CAMP IN NORTH RUSSIA SCRAP London, April 12.—Capture of an en tire allied camp in northern Russia was claimed by the Bolsheviki in an official communique received by wire less today: "On Saturday near Malburoskoye, in the Pinege region we assumed the of fensive," said the statement. "Our flanking maneuver compelled the eue my> hasty retreat. We captured hi* entire camp. ''In the direction of Morshgorek, the •nemy attacks failed." BURLESON EXPLAINS INCREASE. Washington, April 12 — (United Press)—"Recent 20 per cent increase of telegraph rates was necessitated by the same reason that forced other In dustries to Increase the price of prod ucts and service as much as 100 per cent to obviate financial collapse," Postmaster General Burleson an aounced todag, NEARLY HALF AMERICAN ARMY, 1,701,469, FREED FROM SERVICE; ARGONNE LOSSE S 18.3 PER CENT Total of 1,925,000 Slated for Discharge; 686,114 Have Re turned From Overseas; Yanks' Losses in Hardest Bat tle Less in Percentage Than Civil War. I Washington, April 12 (United Press.) — Nearly half of the American , army has been demobilized to date. D ischarges of officers and men, as an* | nouncetf ny Gene/-ar March today, numben 1,701,469. Forty-six per cent oF | the men have been demobilized and over half of the officers. The total number ordered for demobilization, including those already discharged, is 1,925,000. Demobilization is moving faster ! than it did in the Civil war and in the Spanish-American war, General March said. In three monthn more men have been discharged than those discharged in a year after the Civil war. After the Spanish-American war it required more than a year to discharge fewer men than in the first month after the European war ended. Enlistments up to April were 7.9G2, General March stated. These were equally divided be tween one and three-year enlist ments. The strength of the army on April 8 was 1.9S0.506. Of this ANOTHER ALIEN AIRMAN READY TOFLYACROSS Major Morgan May Start Trans Seas Journey Before Haw ker; Has Smaller Piane to Thwart Rough Weather. St. Johns, N. F„ April 12.—Major Morgan, the British aviator who ar rived hero on board the steamer Sachem from Liverpool, was today speeding plans for a flight across the Atlantic in the Martinsyde plane which he brought over with him. Morgan hopes to make ills start before the larger Sopwith plane, with which Harry Hawker plans to make the flight, can again take the air. Major Morgan's theory is that his smaller plane with its narrower wing spread will not require the same calm weather necessary Rjr Hawker. Hawk er was prepared to make the flight yes terday afternoon, lull was prevented bp la stiff northwest wind and light snow showers. Keen interest was manifested to day in the contest to he the first to cross the Atlantic in an airplane. Until Morgan's arrival. Hawker and Lieutenant Commander Grieve, his navigator, had a clear field. But Morgan's appearance and his appar ent readiness quickened the sporting blood of all concerned. Morgan's pilot is I-'. P. Raynard, a veteran flyer. HEAR VALERA OFFERED HOME RULE IF HE WILL SHAKE REPUBLIC POLICY Paris, April 12.—The Dublin correspondent of the Post reported today he had been reliably inform ed that a "deputation from Paris offered Edward Do Valera home rule for Ireland as a British do minion, providing the Sinn Fein ers abandoned their republican policy. The Irish parliament yesterday debated the league of nations. Do Valera was the chief opponent of the league. He and others severely condemned what they termed Pres ident Wilson change in policies. Arthur Griffith defended Wilson and urged the sending of a message telling him the Irish people advo cate the principles he has enun ciated. Washington, April 12 Bolshe ,viki propaganda is officially held responsible for the mutiny of an American Infantry company In northern Russia. Chief of Staff March, In an nouncing today that company I of the 339th infantry comprlaed the offending troops, read a message from the commanding officer at Archangel which stated the ques tions put b>' the men to their of ficers were the same as the Bol sheviki In their propaganda leaf lets advised them to ask. Company I consists almost entirely of De troit men. Rail communications have been force 1,326,525 are in the A. E. F. Since the armistice was signed 686,114 soldiers and officers have sailed for the United States. Health conditions are remarkably good. General March stated in fluenza cases have reached their lowest number since the epidemic last fall. In connection with reports as to the casualty rate during the Eu ropean war General March pointed out that in the hardest battle the Argonne-Meuse, the casualty rate was 18.3 per cent against 20 per cent, at the battle of Gettysburg and 24 per cent at Shiloh. ENGLAND HEARS CRISIS IN NORTH RUSSIA OVER; NO PACT WITH SOVIET London, April 12. — (United Press.)—The crisis in northern Russia has passed, according to an Archangel dispatch to the Post to day, dated Thursday. The dis patch said the snows are melting, paving the way for arrival of re inforcements. It was further stated that the Bolshevik army on the Archangel front now numbers 30,000. War Minister Churchill, ad dressing ths Aldwych club last night, declared Great Britain would make no effort to negotiate with the Russan Soviet govern ment. "England cannot negotiate with the Bolsheviki," he said. "The al lied troops in Russia will be re lieved. The premier has given me full power to accomplish this." ALLIES TO FEED RUSSIA IF FINANCES ARRANGED Paris, April 12.—Russia will be fed by the allies if financial arrangements can be worked out, it was learned from an authoritative source today. The discussion turns on the matter of credits. Herbert Hoover's commit tee is handling the problem. The pres ent disposition is toward aiding Rus. sia to establish credits for payment of the food supplies. While there is a tendency, as usual, to let* America pro vide the credits, it is understood the committee is going ahead on an ar rangement fur an interallied scheme. The Americans maintain that if the Russians were given food hostilities will automatically cease, the more 'sober elements swinging toward a pol tc> of modern lion. RESTRICTIONS EASED ON RADIO RECEIVING DEPOTS Washington, April 12. — (United Press.)—All restrictions on radio re ceiving stations other than those used for regular commercial wireless busi ness will be removed Aprl 13. Acting Secretary of the Navy Roosevelt . 111 - nounced today. This applies to ama teur stations, technical and experi mental stations, schools, colleges and othere non-commercial apparatus. Re strictions on sending stations are still in effect but these and the restric tions on commercial wireless receiving stations will be abolished as soon as peace Is officially proclaimed. PLAN BUTTER-EGGS BOYCOTT. Kansas City, Mo., April 12—Women's clubs in Missouri will be asked to join in a state-wide boycott of butter and eggs until prices drop, according to plans of the city council of women's clubs, announced here today. j ' I i I completed to the most southern port held by the allies In northern Russia. March declared. This was accomplished by completion of tha Ondn bridge which enables sup plies to he moved uninterruptedly from Murmansk to the interior and assures abundant food, clothes and ammunition for the allied for ces, March said. Bhlps equipped with icebreakers have made their way to Murmansk nnd two other vessels have reached Archangel, according to reports to the general staff. This is taken to indicate that the Ice will soon be sufficiently broken to permit free movement of vessels In and out. BOCHE REVOLTS MERELY BLUFF; NO EFFORTS TO TAME STRIKERS Present Government More Stable Than Appears on Sur face; in Strong Position to Maintain Order by Force. BAVARIAN SITUATION NOT SO SERIOUS AS REPORTED Same Old Gang in Saddle Wait ing Chance to Outwit Allies on Peace Terms; Radical Outburst Only Fake. By FRANK J. TAYLOR Berlin, April 11.—(Via London, April 12)—The present German government is much more stable than appears on the surface. It can throw half a mil lion well trained and equipped troops into tho field if necessary and is in a position to maintain order by force. But the government is not averse to the occurrence of strikes and other troubles, so long as they do not get out of hand until peace is made. Then we probably shall see the Germans bringing order out of chaos, like an American bus inessman wading into the day's work. SOCIALISTS HOLD FIRM The Bavarian affair is not serious and will not be unless there is a gen eral communist outbreak. Organized resistance by the deposed Socialist government is steadily gaining follow ers because the real Bavarians resent the way the Spartacans flocked to Munich and seized control. Tho Soviet republic there is largely the work of a population that has flowed in during or since the war—munition workers and soldiers. Even If the Ebert Schei_ demann government should, by some chance, be overthroyn the foreign of fice would remain the same. Foreign Minister Brockdorf Rantzau has some sort of an agree ment with Hugo Haase and tho other independent Socialist lead ers who admire him for his paci fism. And if Brockdorff-Rantzau stays, his cousin, Count von Bern storff, and the rest of the present outfit, will likewise stay. That means the same old machine will conduct the negotiations in Paris. HUGE BLUFF LIKELY Th« Germans probably will make a great bluff at trying to scare the allies; that is, they will threaten to Bolshevize themselves and try to get the French and Italian workmen to Join them. But it does not seem possible, in view of the Germans "traditional love of sys tem and order, the government would I 'quit cold.'" Inasmuch as the workmen are dis_ armed and can not fight, the only thing able to force out the government woufd be a tremendous strike—much larger than the present one, which most observers believe the radicals will be unable to swing, i A message from Danzig today re ported a railway strike in that dis trict. The railway workers, number ing 30,000, are demanding establish ing of a Soviet republic and an alliance with Russia and Hungary. Three per sons are reported to have been killed I in a clash between strikers and sol jdiers who wore guarding a square In 'front of the principal railway station. IRISH-AMERICAN ENVOYS TO CONFER WITH WILSON Paris, April 12.—The American com mission, representing Irish societies in the United States, was making ar rangements today to confer with Presi dent Wilson regarding Irish indepen dence. The commission, comprising Frank P. Walsh of Kansas City, M. J. Ryan of Philadelphia, and forber Gov ernor Dunne of Illinois, arrived lat« yesterday and was met by John O'Kel* ley, delegate of the Irish republic t« the peace conference. 1 I I I , • ' 1 300 FRENCH DEPUTIES DEMAND HUN PAY COST Paris, April 12 —Thrae hundred members of tha ohambsr of depu tias today signed a manifesto, similar to tha resolution recently passed by tha asnata, demanding that Germany be made to pay tha full cast of tha war. MUNICH SAYS SOVIET REPUBLIC IN BAVARIA OVERTHROWN FRIDAY Basle, April 12.—The Bavarian Soviet republic was overthrown Friday, according to a Munich dis patch to the Berlin Deutsche All, gemeine Zeitung. TO APPEAL TO MANKIND Copenhagen, April 12.—A dis patch from Weimar today report ed the national assembly had adopt ed a resolution warning that if a "Soviet peace' were dictated Ger many will "address an elaventli hour appeal to all mankind." LOYALISTS REGAIN POWER Berlin, April 12.—Bavarian loyal ists aro rapidly reconquering their country from the communists, ac cording to dispatches received here today. The anti-Soviet forces have captured lierth, Regensburg ard several cities In tho chief manu facturing districts. The food block ade of Munich was reported to be still under way NEWLY CREATED PARTY DEMANDS DRASTIC CHANGE Labor Platform Favors Univer sal 8-Hour Day, Equal Pay for Men and Women Work ers; Would Oust Burleson. Springfield, 111., April 12.—(United Press.)- Asking equal pay and suf frage for men and women workers, recogniaion of their right to organize and bargain collectively and public ownership and operation of all public utlities, the newly created labor party of Illinois today adopted its platform. Among its planks are: Establishment of a universal 8-hour day and 44-hour week. Graduated taxation of inheri tances and incomes and taxation of land values, excluding improve ments. Sixteen year age limit for em ployment. Old age and health insurance, workmen's compensation and moth ers' pensions. WANT SOLONS OUSTED. Curbing of powers of the su preme court and abolition of the state senate. Abolition of contract in state work. State aid for homeseekers. Extension of federal and state employment service. A "democratic" school system. Among demands in resolutions, unanimously adopted, were: 1 Six-hour day. Removal of Postmaster General Bu lie son. Erging lifting of allied blockade. THANK NON-PARTI SA NS. Demanding no public utility taken ovf r by government be returned. Gondemning universal training and a large standing army. Endorsing a league of nations which will adequately safeguard peace. Extending thanks to Non-Partisan league for aid in forming labor party, Duncan McDonald of Springfield, 111., was elected permanent chairman of tlie state party. NEW LABOR PARTY ASKS RECOGNITION FOR LENINE Springfield. 111., April 12—Recogni tion of the Russian Soviet republic, In dependence for Ireland and self de- ' termination for India were demands • loday of the new labor party of 111i ' nois. The party was to adopt a plat form today. A new trial for Thomas J. Mooney 1 and W. K. Billings, convicted of mur der in San Francisco in connection with the preparedness parade bomb . explosion, was also demanded. SIX FLYING FATALITIE8. Washington, April 12—Six fatalities occurred at flying field* In the United States during the week ending April 3, the war department announced to day. THE WEATHER Forecast for Boise and vicinity: FAIR AND WARMER TONIGHT; SUNDAY INCREASING CLOUDI NESS. For Idaho; Tonight, fair and warm, er; Sunday, Increasing cloudiness. Highest temperature yesterday.... 53 Lowest temperature this morning.. 38 Mean temperature yesterday....... 43 REPORT MPORTAHT QUESTIONS PRACTICALLY SETTLED; LEAGUE COVENANT, REVISED, NEADYFOR PLENARY SESSION'S APPROVAL GENERAL FEELING PREVAILS IN PARIS THAT TREATY READY FOR BOCHE PRESENTATION MAY 1 AT LAT EST; MONROE DOCTRINE FULLY SAFEGUARDED BY COVENANT AMENDMENT; WILSON MAKES BRILLIANT SPEECH IN DEFENSE OF ISSUE. Paris, April 12.—While the exact text of the Mon roe Doctrine amendment will not be made public until the revised covenant is submitted to the plenary ses sion, it was learned today to he substantially as fol lows: ''Nothing in the covenant shall be construed as in validating treaties of arbitration or regional agree ments such as the Monroe Doctrine." By FRED S. FERGUSON. Paris, April 12.—(United Press)—Talk of an "Easter peace" today had given away to promise of a "May day" peace. While the most chronic optimists admitted the last hope of peace by April 20 apparently had vanquished, there was a general feeling that the treaty would be ready for presentation to the (Jerntans by May .1 at least. Persons close to the "big four" intimated an agree ment has virtually been reached now on all important questions—reparations, responsibility for the war, the Saar valley, disposition of Fiume and Danzig and (Jermau boundaries. The military, naval and aerial terms of the treaty have been completed for weeks. The revised league of nations covenant is ready for submission to a plenary session. JAP DEMAND IGNORED An instance of how \he covenant is interwoven with the treaty is provided in the settlement of the Sant* problem. The "big four'' agreed that region would be under political supervision of the league for a period of years while France controls the important coal mines there, final ownership of which will be determined by a plebi scite directed by tho league. The league's committee at last night's meeting approved the re maining articles of the redraft. It was understood neither the Japa_ nese amendment for equality nor the French amendment for an in ternational general staff were added. Both nations, according to unofficial information, reserved the right to submit these amend ments to the plenary session for discussion. CHINA ONLY OPPOSED The new article providing for recog nition of the Monroe doctrine, it was learned today, declared Unit nothing in the covenant shall be construed as invalidating treaties of arbitration of regional agreements such as the Mon roe doctrine. Although at first re ported that acceptance of tho new ar ticle was unanimous, it was understood the Chinese opposed it on the ground it might validate Japanese claims in China. In answer to tentative opposi tion by the French, President Wilson asured them the article would not re duce America's responsibilities to ihe league. • When the president rose to speak on the Monroe doctrine amendment, It was nearly midnight at the end of a long day's work. Standing at the head of a table, the lines of fatiugue on his face accentuated by the blazing light of the chandeliers, he declared what Is said to have been one of the most dra (Contlnned on Page Two. WOULD LABEL EVERY MAN OF PACIFIC COAST STATES Los Angeles, Cal., April 12—Every man in the Pacific coast states should be officially registered so It will be possible to determine who is the Am erican and who is the alien, Mayor Ole Hanson, of Seattle, declared last night in an address before the city club. "We are thrown into competition with the yellow race and we can not compete with them," Hanson de clared. "It is here that we see the necessity of the nation restricting Im migration." t j NO GREAT PERIL YETCONFRONTS YANK IN SIBERIA Enemy Shows No Desire to Force Matters, but Relies Mainly on Guerrilla Warfare and Political Propaganda. By J. W. T. MASON. (Written lor the United Press.) New York, April 12.—No present danger threatens the American troops along the Archangel front while they continue fighting on the defensive The Bolshevik army confronting th® Americans is far from its base and Is showing no eagerness 1o develop a persistent offensive. It is. engaged lit nothing more serious than harrassing tactics not far removed from guerrilla warfare. The Bolsheviki are more in tent upon destroying the morale of the enemy by political progaganda than by major military strategy. MIGHT BE PERILOUS. If th® Bolsheviki had skillful military leadership at their dis posal, and if they ware intent on a rigorous campaign the situation facing tha Americana might be come alarming. But throughout the winter months tho Bolthoviki havo boon reluctant to risk their lives to recapture Archangel, though they havo outnumbered tho Americans. The American retreat has been blocked at Archangel by the fact that 'the harbor was icebound. But If nec essary the Americans can escape westward Into the Murmansk district. The port of Kola In the Murmansk area is lce r frec the year round. It la now In the possession of the British. A retirement of this nature would find the Americana leaving behind much of their material and stores at Archangel. This doubtless will not be done except as a last resort. No crisis has yet arisen south of Arch angel of sufficient gravity to warrant such action being taken. Instead, tho present outlook Indicates that tha Americans can probably hold their po sitions for two months longer, when Archangel will be sufflcently free from Ice to permit transports to enter tha harbor. The troops can then be em barked and all the stores saved and the unfortunate expedition will be able to come home.