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New League Covenant Takes Colonies From Huns
SUNDAY CAPITAL NEWS LEADS IN NEWS, ADVERTISING ALL THE NEWS FIRST VOL. XM. BOISE, IDAHO, SUNDAY, APRIL 13, 1919 No. 89 REJECT IAP DEMAND FOR RAC E EQUALITY NEW COVENANT HOLDS DRASTIC PROVISIONS TO PREVENT WARS Turkey Booked to Lose Lands as Well as Germany; League Members to Supervise Ene my's Lost Territories. TO REDUCE ARMAMENTS AS BY STATES' CONSENT Violation of Rules to Be Rc . garded as War Action - . , . _ Against Lcaguoil To USO Fnrrp If NppHoH rui LC II IvuUUUU. -- ess) Paris. April 12.—(United J Germany loses all her colonics, it was revealed in an official summarization oi the revised league of nation's cove nant. made public tonight. The colonies, as well as the territor ies of the Turkish empire, will be ad ministered by the league through states acting as voluntary mandatories. The Monroe doctrine is protected by the following paragraphs: MONROE DOCTRINE GUARDED "The covenant does not affect validity of international engage ments such as treaties of arbitra tion, of regional understandings, like the Monroe doctrine, for se curing the maintenance of peace. "The members of the league will agree to reduce their armaments under plans suggested by the league council, with the consent of the states themselves." In case of disputes. the member states will HI ihinil ti heir differences to arbitra it ion o r inquii ry by the council. The c ou no il, howev er. can make no ruling that affects pu irely d lomestic matter s. Wa r shall not be res. orted to until : it lea8 l three nn Tilths a fter .in awa rd is ma «le. and no t l hen against the Ht; ite win eh aece Pts the aw ard. VIOLATION COURTS WAR A power which breaks the league covenant will be regarded as having committed an act of war against the league. The other states will break off all relations with it, and the council will recom mend the apportionment of forces, if any. to be directed against the refractory nation, with the ap proval of the states affected. All treaties must bo published, and may not conflict with the principles or the league. A state breaking its agreements can be expelled from the league. Affairs of the league will be admln Isle red by an assembly consisting of three representatives of each of the nations—with but one v .•ote for each power and ;i council ci )mprising one representative of each of the five great powers and each of the four other powers. U. S. TROOPS PLAYED BIG ROLE IN TWELVE LEAD ENGAGEMENTS Washington, April 12. < United Pies«. 1 — American expeditionary forces participated in 12 major en gagements during the world war. The list. designated by General Pershing and announced ti^iny by General March, ehiet of staff, fol lows: Somme defensive, March 21 April 6. l.ys defensive, April 9-27. Aisne defensive (Chemin-des Danies and northeast of Rheims), May 27-June 5. Mont Didier-Noyon defensive, June 9-13, Champagnes - Marne defensive, July 13-18. Aiane-Murne offensive, July 18 August 6. Komme offensive', August «-No vember 11. Oise-Aisn« offensive, August 16 November 11. Ypres-Lys offensive, August 19 November 11. St. Mihiel offensive, September 12-16. Meuse-Argonne offensive, Septem ber 26-November 11. Battle of Vittorio-Veneto, Italy, October 24-Nov. 4. The major engagements are des ignated by Generul Pershing to be mentioned in the honorable dis charges of the men who participat ed in them. GROWING UNREST IN AMERICA OVER PEACE TANGLE; WILSON LOSING PEOPLE'S GOOD WILL Rapidly Growing Element Mani- j tests Intense Feeling Over Paris Delay; Want Some Kind of League but Treaty First. By CHARLES C. HART. (Capital News Washington Bureau.) Washington, April 12.—To divide the thinking - people of the United States into two classes, those who are for a league of nations and those who are against, ignores another rapidly-grow ing element which is viewing the con ference in Paris from another and more serious angle. This third class, which threatens soon to outnumber the partisans cither for or against a league of nations, per haps is manifesting more intense feel ing over the situation in Paris than those on opposing sides of the league question. These particular individuals are not necessarily opposed to a league. In fact, many are known to favor the !' ,,an - but t,ley are convinced in their 'own minds that a peace treaty should j have been concluded in 60 days after ' tiie armistice was signed and that the league of nations project should have been taken up separately. LEAGUE UNPOPULAR. It is the view of which one hears in Washington now more than any other. The league of nations pro posal is unquestionably unpopular in Washington but that might sig nify nothing as to the balance of the country because the great mass cf the people living in Washington are apt to be swayed by their deepseated prejudice against the present federal administration. But there is no connection between these prejudices and the sentiment that a peace treaty should have been made hastily, because the latter view appears to be projected into the dis cussions largely by men who bave tra veled in Europe, have lived there or who were there in some official capa city during the recent war. Europe, politically and economically, will be chaotic until the war is offici ally ended and each nation, large and (Continued on Page Two.) DUSSELDORF SCENE OF DESPERATE FIGHTS; 25 SLAIN, MANY WOUNDED Basle. April 12.—Fierce fight ing occurred in Dusseldorf yester day between Spartacans and gov ernment troops, according to a dis patch received from that city to day. Twenty-five persons were killed and many wounded. DANZIG IN STATE OF SIEGE. Basle, April 12.—General von Buelow has proclaimed a state of siege in Danzig, according to a dispatch from Berlin tonight. Reports were received today of j ; j I fighting between railway strikers and German government troops in Danzig. The stf» tc of siege was believed to be directed at the strikers anc* rot e t the Pohsh pop ulaxion. FRIENDSHIP WITH BOCHE NOT TO FOLLOW PEACE' London, April 12.—(British Admir alty Wireless)—War Minister Uhiuvh Hl. in a speech here today, declared th** "m iking peace wth CJernjany does nm mean making friends with Ger many." "After tHo war is over, after the enemy is beaten .after be has sued for mercy, I am in favor of making peace with him,' said Churchill. "The way of atonement is open for Germany. By combatting Bolshevism, by being the bulwark against It. Ger many may take tlie first step toward ultimate reform with the civilized world.'' APPROVE BONeTISSUE FOR TWIN FALLS HIGH SCHOOL Twin Falls, April 12.—Expansion plans for Twin Falls high school were approved when the $1.'.0,000 bond issue was carried yesterday by a vote of 242 to 26 . Ninety-three per cent of the votes cast were tfius recorded in favor of the project, the completion of which will relieve a crowded situa tion in the local schools that had reached the acute stage. PRUSSIAN ASSEMBLY DEMANDS PEACE ON WILSON'S 14 POINTS Berlin, April 12.— The Prussian assembly today demanded that no peace be accepted that was not based on President Wilton's 14 point*. Demand wai also mad# for raising the economic blook ads and immedately releasing all Gorman war pritonora j report revolt breaks out in Serbia; soldiers CHUMMY WITH SOVIETS By EDWARD BING Budapest, April 12.—A revolu tion was reported today to have broken out in Serbia. The report could not be confirmed. Serbian troops, co-operating with the allies in the occupied portions of Hungary, are frater nising with the Hungarian red guards. French forces, occupying Szeg edin (between Budapest and Vi enna) reported to have withdrawn across the bridge yesterday. Ser bian troops entered the city. SOHOLTZ MUST YIELD RECORDS OR COURT ACTS Opposition's Counsel Formal Notice That Books of Non-Partisan Organ Must Be Opened for Investigation. (Capital News Special Service.) Nampa, April 12.—W. G. Selioltz, manager of the Non-Partisan daily must Serves paper published In this city either surrender the records of his Paper for the inspection of the stock holders who are opposing the contin uance of his control at 10 o'clock Mon day morning or go into the courts to prevent the action This developed this morning when AV.,B. Davidson of ïoiRP. as the attorney of the stock ciders opposing Svholtz, who are. seeking to examine the lecords he has ascertaining» kept a view' through what methods he has secured .control of the paper against the will of many of the stockholders, issued formal and official notices upon the (president of the publishing company, its manager, secretary and bookkeeper r Font in Pag SCUM! ,c u EUROPA at! N <S s o. m ~vV QJ □o iA Vi ■h K 2 $ e? » yjk • .7 m HAUGHTYBOCHE HAS IDEA ALLIES NOTTHE VICTOR OF WORLD FIGHT Feeling Prevails in Germany Enemy So Sick of Fighting He Couldn't Be Made to Re new Struggle. CLEVER PROPAGANDA HAS PEOPLE GETTING 'CHESTY' Strong Leaning Toward Russia and Fraternization With Bol sheviks Common; Hun Looks to East for His Future. By FRANK J. TAYLOR April 12.—The Germans Berlin, thought two or three months ago the allies would occupy the country and j forcibly collect indemnities if payment was refused. But today there is an idea prevailing in Germany that the allies arc sick of war and will not fight again under any provocation. At the same time, German militar ism has recovered sufficiently to stim ulate the people's confidence. Per haps it is not fair to insinuate the German government is crookedly try ing to 'put something over" on the allies. Maybe it is merely the nat ural turn of events. However, observ ers are becoming convinced that the (way the German public has come to I believe Germany has improved her po j sition regarding peace is the result of one of the cleverest bits of work in ; the line of diplomatic propaganda that has over been accomplished. LEANING TOWARD RUSSIA | There ia a atronf , , eaning toward Rllssia in , he niPanUlne . not so lmlch ( officially, as on the part of the people. Workmen, Spartacans and Sovietists : are wildly raving for "fraternalization with our Russian brothers." The rad ical parties are on the friendliest terms with the Russian Bolshevik!, delega tions going back and forth period ically. The government does not dare to begin relations with Russia until pea u ontlnued Page Tw IS NEW LEADER OF BRITISH LIBERALS æ Sir Donald MacLean. Sid Donald MacLean has succeeded Mr. Asquith as the new leader of the British Liberal party. Mr. Asquith was defeated for parliament at the general elections last winter. ITALIAN PRESS INSISTS ON STRONG PEACE PACT Rome, April 12.—The Italian pi ess continued today to take a firm atti tude regarding Italy's claims. The gist of the newspaper's argument was ♦hat no Italian cabinet, could sign a peace entailing renouncement of Trieste and Dalmatia, as the reaction among the people, especially the soldiers, might prove disastrous. FOUR ZAPATISTA LEADERS SLAIN WITH BANDIT CHIEF Mexico City, April 12.—Four Za patista generals were slain in the fight in which Emilio Zapata, bandit leader in Morelos state, was killed by Carranzista forces, it was announced here today. Another was captured and summarily executed. The slain generals were Palafox, Za pata's secretary; Amoles, Mejia and Palaoios, while General Jaregui, Za pata's chief of staff, was shot after apture. LEAGUE VOTES 11-6 AGAINST AMENDMENT; NPPON ENVOYS WANN RIOTS TO FOLLOW ACT; ONANMOUS 0. K. NECESSARY MESSAGE SENT TOKYO BY JAPANESE DELEGATES ASK ING INSTRUCTIONS ON FUTURE COURSE; DECLARE NIPPONESE INSISTENT FOR EQUALITY PROVISO; STATEMENT GIVEN OUT BY CONFERENCE TELLING OF AMENDMENT'S DEFEAT AT FRIDAY CONCLAVE. Paris, April 12.— (United Press)—The Japanese amend ment (o the league of nations covenant, providing for racial equality, was defeated at the league commission meeting Fri day evening, it was revealed tonight. The vote was said to have been 11 for to six against, but because the vote was not unanimous, as required by the commission's rules, the amend ment was defeated. A message lias been sent to Tokyo by the Japanese delega tion, it, was learned, asking the government regarding the del egates' future course, in view of the rejection of the amend ment. The Japanese delegates are understood to have ex pressed fear of riots in Japan, saying that feeling there is high. STATEMENT GIVEN OUT The following authoritative state ment was made here today: "At a meeting of the league of na tions commission on Friday, April 11, the Japanese delegation proposed an preamble amendment to the preamble of the covenant as follows; To insert after the words 'by the prescription of open, just and honorable relations between nations,' an additional clause to read 'by the endorsement of the principle of equality of nations and just treatment of their nationals.' "The amendment was admirably presented by Baron Makino. In the course of bis speech he emphasized the great desire of the Japanese gov ernment and of the Japanese people (that such a principle be recognized in the covenant. DISCUSSION FOLLOWS "His argument was supported with great force by Viscount Chinda. A discussion followed in which prac tically all of the members of the com mission participated. The discussion was marked by breadth of thought, free and sympathetic change of opin ion, and a complete appreciation by the members of the commission of the difficulties which lay in the way of either accepting or rejecting the amendment. "The commission was impressed by the justice of the Japanese claim and by the spirit in which it was presented. PRESTIGE UNAFFECTED "Mention was frequently made in the course of the discussion of the fact that the covenant provided for the representation of Japan on the executive council as one of the five great powers, and that a rejection of the proposed amendment could not. therefore, be construed as diminishing the prestige of Japan. "Various members of the commis sion, however, felt that they could net vote for its specific inclusion In the covenant. Therefore, the commission was reluctantly unable to give to the amendment that unanimous approval which is necessary /or its adoption." ' ! Paris, April 12.—The following offl-|ago. dal summary of the covenant of the j league of nations was given out to-; night: j The league 6f nations Is founded in i | SUMMARY OP LEAGUE; 26 ARTICLES IN TEXT (Continued on Page Two.) SCHOOLS, CHURCHES AND HOMES RAZED BY NIPPONESE RIOTERS, SAYS KOREAN MINISTER IN MESSAGE TO SAN FRANCISCO ASSOCIATION San Francisco, April 12.—Japan ese kilted over 1000 unarmed Ko reans during a three-hour demon stration in Korea, Maroh 28, ac cording to advices received lata to day via Shanghai by the local of ficials of the Korean National as sociation. The oabto filed by a Korean Christian minister, follows. "Japan began maaaacraing in Korea. Ovar a thousand unarmad people killed in Seoul during throe [--- i J ] j j OPTIMISM OVER PEACE OUTLOOK AS WEEK ENDS Indications Point to Settlement Within Two Weeks; Credit Wilson for Dizzy Pace of Last Days. By ED L. KEEN. Paris, April 12.—From the depths of gloom the peace conference has emerged this week into a burst of op timism, and tonight it was confidently predicted the peace settlement would be completed within a fortnight and signed by May 1. Several of the most perplexing prob lems on which the conferees appeared to be growing farther apart rather than nearer to a solution have been settled In a sudden burst of speed by the "big four." The dizzy pace set by this body dated from publication of President Wilson's order for the George Washington to proceed to Brest. The foreign press professed to regard the order as a "bluff" by Wil son. Many observers, however .point to the conferees' Increased activity, following closely on the order, as sig nificant. SOME TANGLES SOLVED. At any rate the conference has agreed on these vital problems in the last half of the week: Reparations. Respons : bihty for the war. Revised covenant of the league of nations. Saar Valley. Fiume. Danzig. The military, naval and aerial terms ! of the treaty were settled some time j Under the agreement on reparations Germany will be required to make an Initial payment of »3,000,000,000 wlth in two years. The balance of the In (Continued on Page Two,) hours' demonstration March 28. Japanese troops, firs brigades and civilians are ordered shooting, basting and hooking people moroi leasly throughout Korea. Killed several thousand since Maroh 17. "Schools, churches, homes of loaders daatroysd. Woman stripped naked and beaten before crowds, aspaeiaily leaders' families. Pris oners being tortured, dootora are forbidden to car# for wounded. Foreign Rod Cross urgently needed."