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FIRST EVENING CAPITAL NEWS WEATHER Rain tonight and Friday. VOL. XLH. BOISE, IDAHO, THURSDAY, APRIL 17,1919 No. 93 VICTORS GUARANTEE FRANCE PROTECTION MAYF0RŒ HUN TO SIGN PEACE PAPER BEFORE MAY THE 15TH Some Variance of Opinion Ex ists Among Paris Delegates but Majority Feels 25 Days' Time Enough. • FEAR ENDLESS TALKFEST BY ENEMY IF NO CURB ON First Bid Sent Boche With Only Five Powers Having Signed; Small Nations Later Sign Supplementary Document. By CARL P. GROAT. Paris. April 17. Pres«) The Germans may be required to sign tlie peace treaty by May 15, it was learned on good authority today. There was still some difference of opinion among the delegates regard ing the advisability of setting a time limit. But the majority appeared to believe the period between April 25, when the treaty will be submitted to the German delegates, and May 15 would be sufficient for the German government to debate all tlie provi sions and formally ratify them. OPPOSITION VIEWPOINT. Those opposed to fixing a time lim it contended the allies possibly might not be ready to receive the Germans even by April 25, whereupon the ene my would seeq to enlarge any differ ence in viewpoints still existing j among the allies and which would ! naturally have to he discussed during the German's stay in Versailles. With a time limit fixed the allies would then be required to hurry their work, resulting in some confusion and pos sible dissatisfaction. Delegates favoring May 15 as tin time for acceptance of the treaty by the enemy pointed out, however, that unless some curb was established on 11i< Germans, consideration of the treaty would be drawn out indefinite ly, a contingency that would work in finite harm. NOT ALL HAD SIGNED. The invitation to the Germans ap parently was forwarded before all the belligerents had an opportunity to sign it. It is understood to have been taken by courier to Spa on Tuesday at which time only the five great powers had signed the text. The small er belligerents were called In yester day and the document read to them by Premier Clemenceau, after which their approval was asked. No objec tion was offered and the additional signatures were affixed. Th e meeting took pi: ne« 1 in Foreign Mini; ster Pichon's offic e at the Qual d' Oi say. It v rns pure ly formal but mee j ssary, as there w ere 23 nations at w ar with Germany instead of five. The document bearing the signatures of th e smaller nations, i It was believed. was hurried t o Spa ii ii the wake of the 1 first messi Jgo WILSON'S RETURN UNCERTAIN. Speculation continued today on the possible «late of President Wilson's return to Washington. In "White j house" circles, however, it was said ! | j j ! i i ! i j j j that all tentative dates are guesses so far. The only definite fact was the recent authoritative announcement that the president would remain here until the treaty with Germany is dis posed of. Some of Wilson's associates odmitted they were sttll hopeful that he would arrive in Washington not later than May 20, or 25. The German treaty, it was stated to day, probably will be worded both In English and French but not in Ger man. Its translation into German un doubtedly will be undertaken by (Continued on Page Two.) REICHSTAG PICKS NEW PEACE MISSION OF 32 Berlin, April 17—(United Press) —The German reichstag has ap pointed a new peace commission, the semi-official agency reported today. The new commission, it was said, is composed of Konstantin Fehr enbach, three vice presidents of the chamber and 28 members, in cluding Baron Richtofen and Hugo Haase. Several reports have been re ceived of the probable personnel of the German peace commission. All previous dispatches agreed that Foreign Minister Broc,kdorff Rantzau would head the delega tion. Accounts have agreed the , delegation would total 250 or 300 mon, including exports, techni cians, etc. The abovs dispatch probably refers only to the dele gates sslsctsd from tho member •hio of tho reichstag. the '—I A COMPOSITE STUDY OF GERMANY'S PEACEFUL AND REPENTANT ATTITUDE flSs? D» §tmi M0: t / $ 7 à , \0# ÏM4 / ÿ y;, •/ ft &Æ'/ ( K <£ ! «a, i / (Ui< ^fi rn ft RUM // *9 / 6 uiixi. ^ Ml* o .Vi »is 3i h ibz* C9,<r WfüU» • ' -JgSSùL > ? " .V b / ' • I jAT&rj■■ i J IM.y hM - S \mm l: / -ii£ , ■ !» m it'*.' w- im l&gSÏ&>; - —~Jr ja - M -nushite IL U 4^/2 EARLY SIGNING IS BOOKED FOR OTHER TREATY Austrian. Turkish and Bulgar ian Delegates to Receive Summons Soon After Boches Get Their Invitation April 25. j su By ED L. KEEN. United Press Staff Correspondent. Paris, April 17.—Peace will be sign cd with Germany by May 15, accord* ing to the best investigation obtain able today. That date is understood I to have been tentatively set as the j time limit fur the enemy to accept the allied treaty. if this arrangement is carried out I the Germans will have just three ! weeks to debate a settlement which j i required the allies ulmost four j months to arrange. NO DELAY SCHEDULED, j The Austrian, Turkish and Bulgari- j j an representatives probably will be, moned to Paris simultaneously soon after tlie articles are handed to ; the Germans on April 25. There was a disposition today to! believe the treaties with those coun- j tries, which are understood to be ( much less complicated, might be J ! signed at least as soon as the treaty | with the Germans. The latest tentative date for Presl- : j dent Wilson to arrive in Washington i is between May 20 and 25, thus indi- j eating the American delegates believe • j the Germans may accept the treaty i before the expiration of the proposed (time limit. time TO CONTINUE WARFARE. j The reported agreement to furnish ! food in Russia was expected to bring jthe entire Russian situation to a head. ' Some difficulty was anticipated, how I ever, in effecting the cessation of all j fighting in Russia, for, while the al ! lied forces under the proposed agree ment could be withdrawn without interference, the anti-Bolshevik fac tions represented in Paris are openly opposed to the re-victualing plan and have indicated tLeir intention of con tinuing to fight the Soviet forces. The latest advices on the situation in Munich indicated the Soviet gov ernment is again temporarily in con trol with the Socialist forces besieg ing the city. In other parts of Ger many disurbances appeared to be limited to Hamburg, where Sparta cans were rioting and pillaging. FOR EARLY CONVOY. "Washington, April 17—The following organizations have been assigned to early convoy from France, the war de partment announced today. The second battalion headquarters and 4th and 13th companies, 20th en gineers. THREE LOADS RAINBOWS START FOR HOME TODAY Brest, April 17.—Three sbip •oads of Rainbow division units were scheduled to sail for home to day. The 117th supply train of Texas embarked on the United States battleship Missouri. The 149th machine gun battalion of Pennsyl- vania and the 150th machine gun battalion of Wisconsin were as- signed to the transport Pretoria. On the Huntington was the 151st field artillery of Minnesota. --- 4» » -- INDIAN RIOTS CONTINUE; OPEN REBELLION EXISTS London, April 17.—The Indian office announced today that dis orders continue in India. "Amritsar and Lahore are quiet," the statement said. Between those places it is re ported that open rebellion exists. The military is taking necessary step». In Calcutta on April 12, troops fired upon rioters killing six and wounding 12. 12 yanksTeight poilus DIE IN RAILWAY WRECK • i DC Dl I M ftRIPPFH RY ^TRIKF" jDCnL.Mll umrrcu O I Oinmc, Brest, April 17.— (United Press) —Twelve Americans and eight French soldiers were killed and 56 injured in a rear-end collision of troop trains bound for this city to day. The collision occurred west of Conlie, about 10 a. m. The troop train had stopped when a special from Sille-Guil laume crashed into, telescoping the rear coaches. The dead and in jured were taken to Lemans. | 1 ! I ; BUSINESS CLAMPED TIGHT By FRANK J. TAYLOR. Berlin, April 16—The general strike, which has swept other por tions of Germany for weeks, to day struck Berlin, completely paralyzing business. Two hundred thousand clerks and office worker» joined tho metal trades unionists, forcing all rtores, warehouses and banks to close. Most of the factories already had been compelled to shut down. Strikers were picketing every place of business. No disorder had occurred up to 4:30 this after noon, but the authorities wer* prepared for any emergency. 1HE WEATHER Forecast for Boise and vicinity: RAIN TONIGHT AND FRIDAY. For Idaho: Tonight and Friday, rain. Highest temperature yesterday......72 Lowest temperature this morning...48 Mean temperature yesterday........56 MUNICH SCENE OF DESPERATE STREET BOUTS Deposed Socialists Establish New Hunger Blockade About City; Great Artillery Battle Raging Day and Night. Berne, April 17—German gov ernment troops sent to restore or der in Munich were reported to day to number 27,000. The Red Guards in Munich were said to total 10,000. Churches have been seized by the So viet lroop8f the towers being used a By RUDOLPH KOMM ER. United Press Staff Correspondent. Berne, April 16—(Delayed)-—Munich was still isolated from the rest of Ger many today but wireless advices in dicated that fighting between the Bo cialist and communists forces is in creasing in intensity. The deposed Socialist government.! apparently again driven from the city, J was reported to have gathered rein- I forcements and established a new bun - | ger blockade. Doctor Lewein, the com- j mu n ist leader, has announced the •blockade will be turned against the! middle classes within the city, appor-! tionment of food being limited to sol- I diers and workers. RAGING DAY AND NIGHT. Wireless dispatches said a great ar-1 tillery battle is raging day ami night,; with heavy casualties and enormous i property damage resulting. All work ers in Munich have been armed. as observation posts to direct the artil lery fire. Business is practically at a standstill, the terrified non-com batants remaining within doors. The panic of the population was said to be indescribable. FIGHTING IN HAMBURG. Street fighting also continues in Hamburg, according to dispatches from that city today. The police wore said to be powerless and the authorities have called for heavy reinforcements of government troops. PORT STRIKE POSTPONED AT UNCLE SAM'S APPEAL New York, April 17—The latest New York harbor strike, if it i* called, will not start until Satur day. It was scheduled to begin at 6 a. m. today, but James L. Hughes, department of labor con ciliator, aecurad a delay of 48 houra to give tho government a chance to intervene. Hughaa inti mated that Secretary of Labor Wileon and other high officiale would ooma here to confer with the men and companies. GERMANY ANTICIPATED LOSS OF SAAR DISTRICT WHEN VICTORY WANED Washington, April 17 (United Press) — Germany anticipated the loss of the Saar valley as soon as she realized the allies were to win the war, diplomatic advices from Paris sail today. "German Don interests took elab orate stepi toward tlie conservat ion of German iron and coal when the armmtico was signed," the ad vices stated. "They reVized they had forfeit ed not only Lorraine but also the Saar valley mineral regions.' The German conservation-scheme, it was declared, hinges on high prices for raw materials. 1000 KOREANS ARRESTED, 47 SENTENCED BY JAPS, MISTREAT MISSIONARIES Seoul, Korea. April 14—(Via Tokio) — (Delayed)—One thousand Koreans have been arrested in connection with riots of the Ko-, rean nationalists, says an official announcement from the district court today. Of these, 779 have been held at Ping Yang and Chinaampo prisons. Forty-seven have been senten ced, the statement says, six of them to serve two years and six months each in prison. The prisons are full but room can be made for thousands more if necessary. The statement says eight American missionaries' houses were searched and that two American missionaries named Mowry and Moffett arrested. Fol lowing an examination Mowry was detained at Ping Yang, but Mof fett was released. It is reported the missionaries' houses ot Taiku have been searched. FORMER CRACK BOCHE SHIP ARRIVES GOTHAM WITH 2319 AMERICANS New York, April 17. fUnited Press) — The Kaiserin Auguste Victoria, formerly one of the crack ships of the Hamburg-American line, arrived here today with 2319 United States troops aboard. This steamer is the first to reach here of the fleet of German merchant men, taken over by the allies re cently in exchange for a guar antee of food shipments to Ger many. During the war she lay in a German harbor. After being sailed to an English port, by Her German crew, the Kaiserin Auguste Victoria, a twin screw vessel of 24,000 tons, was taken over by American seamen and the United States flag hoisted. She then proceeded to Brest and took on board the troops. Among officers aboard was Brigadier Ira Haines, commanding the 64th field artillery brigade. On the return trip she will take a cargo of food stuffs. 100-FOOT SNOWDRIFTS BALK TANK'S ATTEMPT TO CLIMB PIKE S PEAK Colorado Springs, Colo., April 17.—An American army tank's at tempted climb of Pike's Peak for victory loan publicity movies was ended off today after the tank was damaged in a snowdrift half way up the famous mountain. Corporal Howard Brewer, pilot, bleeding at the mouth due to the altitude, was carried down the slope late yesterday and was re moved to a local hospital today suffering from pneumonia. Author ities called off the climb against the protests of the tank's crew, after snowshoe runners in advance of the machine reported snowdrifts 100 feet deep. INTENSE COLD IN SIBERIA CAUSES MUCH SUFFERING; MANY TROOPS GO INSANE San Francisco, April 17.—In tense and continued cold in Si beria is causing much suffering and even insanity among the American troops stationed there, say Americans reaching the Let terman hospital from Siberia to day. Sub-zero temperatures are con tinuous, the soldiers say, and losses of limbs through freezing are frequent. ________ favors alliance u. s RUSSIA AND GERMANY FOR TRADE PURPOSES The Hague, April 17—Count Von Reventlow, writing in the Ber lin Tages Zeitung, advocates an al liance of Germany, Russia and the United States, according to ad vices raoaivad hare today. He wee quoted at aaying the eoonemic in terests of the three countries de mand such a step. SOME FORM OF ALLIANCE HAS BEEN AGREED UPONMSECRET; WILSON OPPOSED TO CREADON OF A FORMAL DEFENSIVE PACI FRANCE STRONGLY BEHIND PEACE SETTLEMENT SO FAR ARRANGED, DEPUTIES VOTING CONFIDENCE IN GOV ERNMENT 334 TO 166; ITALY CONTINUES TO THREAT EN WITHDRAWAL IF FIUME DEMAND REFUSED; JAP ANESE MISSION WAITS WORD FROM TOKIO. By FRED S. FERGUSON, United Press Staff Correspondent. Paris, April 17—The attitude of the five great powers toward the peace situation today appeared to be as follows: United States—The Germans having been noti fied to appear in Versailles on April 25, the treaty must be whipped into shape as speedily as possible— always keeping in mind the terms of the armistice. Great Britain—The British are in favor of a quick peace, so long as amicable relations are maintained among all the allies. France—The country is strongly behind the peace settlement so far arranged, as evinced by the vote of confidence in the present government, passed by the chamber of deputies yesterday 334 to 166. Italy—The Italian delegation apparently continues to stand by its territorial claims, based on the pact of London, reiterating its threats that it will withdraw unless awarded Fiume. Japan—The Japanese have received no reply to their cable to Tokio asking instructions from the Jap anese government, hut expect to bring their racial equality amendment to the league of nations covenant at the next plenary session when the covenant will be openly debated. SECRET ALLIANCE? Considerable mystery continues to surround the statement made to the United Press yesterday that France hi.a gained stronger guarantees of pr. tcction, in the event she should again be attacked by Germany than any that have heretofore been published in terms of tho peace treaty or provisions of the league of nations. What these guarantees are Is being kept secret, but from additional in formation obtained today it would r.tem that some form of an "alliance" has been agreed to. Whether this takes the form of a defensive agree ment, under the league of nations, or whether the present association of al ii« d powers will bo continued until Germany complies with all the peace terms, could not be learned, however, li was pointed out, in connection w ta <: possible defensive alliance, that nothing in the league covenant pre vents such an agreement. ALL SECRECY BARRED. Article X of the covenant is intend ed to obviate the necessity for such agreements, but if a group of na tions desires a defensive alliance, in a Jditlon to the league charter, they could formulate such a treaty so long as it did not interfere with the laws of the league. It would, of course, have to he filed \ylth the secretariat o f the league and made public, thus safeguarding the world against "secret offensive alliances." What part Am erica has in the guarantees to France, if any, could not he ascertained. Une of the explanations advanced was that the entente treaty as it stands, being on a war basis, is un (Continued from Page Two.) STORM AGAIN CURBS TRANS-SEAS FLIGHT St. Johns, N. F., April 17—The Martynside airplane entrant for trans-Atlantic flying honors mads a trial flight this afternoon. Cap tain F. B. Rainham and Captain Morgan were in charge of the craft. The machine, much smaller than the Sopwith in which Pilot Hawker and Mackenzie Grieve intend to make the big jump, rose quickly to a height of 3000 feet and circled over the western side of the city. St. John:-. N. F., April 17—Hope that either Pilot Hnrry G. Haw ki I or Captain F. U. Raynham would make their many-ttmes postponed hop-off in the trans Atlantic airplane flight for the $50,000 London Daily Mall prize was dissipated today by reports of unsettled weather all across the ocean. Indications this morning were WIRE WILSON TO OUST BURLESON AND END STRIKE Boston, April 17.—(United Press) — Prominent Democratic leaders of Mas sachusetts cabled President Wilson, calling upon him to "remove Burle son" and thereby settle the telephone strike.. The cable follows: "Burleson wrecking party. Remove him,and settle strike.'' The appeal was signed by Francis Finneran, president of the Massachu setts Democratic club; State Senators Kearney, Cronin, Callabin, Counihan; Representatives Mitchell, Green, Dono van, McKenny. Rearder and Malone. Between 18,000 and 20,000 operators and other telephone employes were on strike in New England today. It was openly predicted in many quarters that if a settlement is not reached within a short time, a general strike of all labor in New England may lie put into effect. Assistant Postmaster John C. Koons was expected hero from Washington to uttempt a settlement. It was stated at union headquarters that strike lead ers would be willing to enter a confer ence with Koons and heads of the tele phone company provided that Koons has authority to make a settlement without resorting to "red tape." that the flight would not be at tempted within the next 24 hours, owing to a storm which was rag ing over a wide area. Should the wind moderate at any time today. Captain Raynham will make a trial flight in his Martynside plane after which he will be ready to start on the big dash the mo ment the weattier permits. "We are not downhearted," de clared Captain Fenn, of the Sop with airplane today, when ques tioned l «garding the flight. Pilot Hawker and Lieutenant McKenzie Grieve, his navigator, were confi dent and eager to be off but they would not discuss their hopes oi plans. A heavy wind prevented any aerial operations yesterday. Tho aviators spent most of the day In doors. Workmen were tha only persons to visit the hangars of tho pie res which will attempt tha flight.