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New England Telephone Walkout May Spread Over All America
ALL THE NEWS FIRST EVENING CAPITAL NEWS WEATHER Fair and cooler tonight, frost in early morning. xm. BOISE, IDAHO, FRIDAY, APRIL 18,1919 No. 94 ITALY'S DEMANDS THREATEN DIM I PEACE PROGRAM 20,000 ARE OUT IN FIVE STATES; ASK PRESIDENT TOTAKE ACTION More Than 630,000 Phones' I Out of Commission and Tre-'j , , n . ! mendOUS LOSS to Business in Talkless New England. PUBLIC APPARENTLY HAS SYMPATHY WITH STRIKE General Walkout of All Labor in East Predicted if Phone Workers Unappeased; De mand Burleson's Removal. Brunswick, Ga., April 18—Reso lutions demanding the removal of Postmaster General Burleson were adopted by the Georgia Federation of Labor in convention here. • he resolution, introduced by telephone operators and electrical workers, asked Burleson's removal on the ground that he had been unfair to organized labor, unfair to the public and had instituted unreasonable increases in tele phone and telegraph rates. Unit Rost tclephc land y: Th y J. . 1 . ROWLANDS. Press Staff Correspondent. April 18—Twenty thousand employes of five New Eng « are on strike today. industrial and social life of five states has been seriously disrupted; more than 630,000 telephones are out of commission; the loss to business in terests is daily amounting to hun dreds of thousands of dollars and the people are facing emergencies in which, under normal conditions, the t< lephone plays the leading part. And. yet. despite the tremendous inconvenience to which the public has been subjected, the financial loss and the personal anxiety, there is every indication that the publio sympathizes with the striking tele phone workers. FOR HIGHER WAGE. The strike is an effort on tlie part of organized labor to gain higher wages. Governors of the five states affected by the. strike cabled President Wilson urging action to settle it. City and state officials have been, and still are, making des perate efforts to find some way of bringing about a restoration of telephone service. Leading Demo crats of New England in a cable to President Wilson charged that the postmaster general is wreck ing the Democratic party and de manded that he be removed and the strike settled. A genera 1 strike of all labor in New England is predicted if the strike is not settled in a short time. FEAR NATIONAL WALKOUT. The possibilities of a nation-wide strike of telephone employes have ad vanced from the stage of being con sidered to the point where plans lor such a move are in the making. The strikers in New England are constant ly being assured of the support of unions in every state. Upon the results of this demonstra tion, perhaps In event of a shorter time than the public believes it pos sible, the strike may spread to every city, town and hamlet in the country. __ t tr \ UNCOVER MOONSHINE PLANT Spokane, April 18.—"Revenuers" in the shape of a sheriff and two dep uties uncovered a moonshine plant on Russell creek east of Walla Walla. W. A. Lennon, late of Kentucky, was ar rested on a charge of having liquor in bis possession. Six gallons of home made corn whisky are held as evi dence. WIND CONTINUES TO HOLD TRANS-SEAS PILOTS BACK St. Johns, N. F., April 18—A southeast gale, accompanied by snow, continued today unabated, preventing further the start in the trans-Atlantic flight by both the '8opwith and the Martinsyde avia tors. 8L Johns, N. F., April 18—Wea ther prospeots wore considered un favorable for the trans-Atlantio flight when Lieutenant Clemente, flight officer, took hie last obser vations here. However, the Mar tinsyde pilot, Rayham, Is believed ready for his getaway at any time and if he starts, it is oonsidered certain that Pilot Hawker in his 8opwlth will also take thu air for tha big jump. KEAISEI-KAIPARTT OF JAPAN URGES LIBERTY Autonomy Favored at Earliest Expedient Time ; Opposed Consideration of Colonials Merely as Instruments of Profits; Kensei-Kai Second Strongest Party. to (Delayed) —(United Press.)— Viacount T. Katon, leader mass meot Tokio, April 14 of the Kensei-Kai party, announced today that the party at ing decided to favor autonomy for Korea and Formosa. Auto " om y for Korea and Formosa is urged at the earliest time expe , Kat ° announced. Kato declared his party opposed consideration of t,1e colonials merely as instruments of profit. Thp Kensei-Kai is now the sec ond party in Japan. The Seiyu Kai is in control by a large ma jority. The Kensei-Kai were in control at the opening of the Eu ropean war and are still powerful. Formosa is an island in the China sea. It was ceded to Japan in 1S95 by Chinn. JAPS POUR INTO KOREA. San Francisco, April 18.—Addi tional Japanese troops are arriv PROMIS' DEVISE PLAN TO MAKE DRV LAW WORK Rely on Congress to Settle En forcement Question at One Strike; Delegate Powers to Revenue Department. Washington, April IS—(United Press)—Drys are relying on congress to settle at one stroke the question of who will enforce both wartime and constitutional prohibition, E. C. Din widdle, head of the Anti-Saloon Dengue of America, announced today. Dlnwiddie said his organization early in the coming session would urge enactment of a bill to put en forcements of both brands of prohibi tion in the hands of the commissioner of internal revenue . 1 "The debate as to who will enforce prohibition has been raised by the Op positionen desperation." said Din widdle. CAN SAVE TIME. "We believe time can be saved by combining measures for enforcement of both wartime and constitutional prohibition in one law modelled after the Barkley bill, which was reported favorably by the house Judiciary com mittee in the last congress, but failed to pass." The Berkley bill, which anti-saloon league officials helped frame, pro vides for prohibition enforcement through both the treasury department and department of justice, but the principle burden is put on "a law en forcement commissioner." TO CURB PROPAGANDA. The bill defined intoxicating liquor as that containing more than one half of one per cent of alcohol. Dlnwiddie also declared that the Anti-Saloon league plans to ask legis lation preventing the sale of books and pamphlets giving recipes for intoxi cating liquors. "The distribution of such literature is not illegal now. but ' we hope to make it so." Dinwiddle said. PLAN STATE-OWNED PLANT TO FIGHT CEMENT "TRUST" Indianapolis, Ind., April 18—A mil lion dollar state-owned yement plant at tho state penal farm to combat what he called the cement trusts of Indiana was under consideration by Governor Goodrich here today. It was said a commission appointed to in vestigate the feasibility of the plan had reported favorably to the gov ernor. GLASS LEAVES FOR TOUR OF WEST TO BOOST LOAN Washington, April 18—Secretary Glass will leave Washington tonight on his first Important swing through the middle west In the Interest of the vic tory loan. The secretary's Itinerary Includes speaking eng, gement» on the following dates in these cities: Omaha. April 25; Denver, April 26. FRANK GOULD GRANTED DECREE Paris, April 18.—Frank J. Gould to day was granted a divorce in Ver sailles from Edith Kelly Gould, charg ed witn misconduct with Mario Cas saus, a Mexican. The defendant did not appear. ing in Korean ports, according to cable advices received today by the Korean national association. Recently the United Press Tokio correspondent told of two com plete divisions of Japanese troops and several thousand gendarmes leaving for Fusan for guard duty throughout the turbulent districts. Six thousand troops and 4000 gendarmes have already landed at Fusan. the local Korean organiza tion advices from Fusan state. 16 U. S. SOLDIERS, SIX FRENCH DEAD IN RAIL CRASH; MANY INJURED Brest, April 18.— (United Press) —The casualties in the troop train collision near Le Mans yesterday were given out today as 16 Amer ican and six French soldiers killed and 15 American and 30 French soldiers injured. A partial list of American dead included : Howard F. Lacey, 319th engi neers. Virgil J. Randall, 10th engineers. Ezekiel Skipper, !06th engineers. Thorion (possibly T. H. O'Ryan. Corporal C. Reswenport, 319th engineers. Orza Harokini Moa, 10th engi neers. P. N. Schulte. 319th engineers, John Davison, 10th engineers, George F. Mulling attached to general headquarters. Sergeant Huff, 103d aero squad ron. VIOLENCE REARS HEAD IN PHONE WORKERS' STRIKE; REJECT BURLESON OFFER Boston, April 18..—The situation in tho telephone strike throughout New England was tense today, fol lowing a series of clashes between crowds of strike sympathizers and strike breakers in which several students of the Massachusetts In stitute of Technology were beaten. With the strikers in its fourth day there was no indication of a break in the ranks of the strikers, who still maintain they will not negotiate through the channels which Postmaster General Burle son declares they, must use before the wage increase question will be considered. Burleson's proposal that he sub mit the telephone operators wage scale to General Manager Driver of the New England Telephone and Telegraph company was rejected by the joint council of telephone and electrical workers today. SET RECORD FOR LOADING OF U. S. TROOPS AT BREST Brest, April 18—United Pre.s) — The port of Brest established a record in troop embarkation in preparing the remaining units of the 42nd (Rainbow) diviaion for sailing yesterday. Ninetean thou sand troops, including some por tion» of tho 77th (Now York na tional army) diviaion, marched aboard aix transporta. Only the 117th ammunition train of tha Rainbow diviaion remained and that will leava tomorrow. Five of the ships, tha Missouri, Mount Vernon, Pretoria, Puablo and Huntington, ware anrouta to day. Tha Laviathan, delayad in coaling, was achedulad to start later today. i 1 UNEMPLOYMENT REPORT SHOWS SOME DECREASE Washington, April 18.—Unem ploymsnt throughout tho country Is beginning to decrease with tho opening of spring work, weekly re ports to the labor department show. The total unemployment In 59 • hoWi dsoraaa#» 0 f 123,806 to 97,000 during the last weak. The principal décrassas in •"T 1 "*« war* at Oakland, 68001 San Franciaco, 6300. and Butta, 1000. BELGIANS WANT HUN FAMES' USE UNTft. OWN MDUSTRY FIXED Delegation Urges Number Ger man Plants in Occupied Area Be Turned Over and Oper ated for Nation's Benefit. JAPAN TO REINTRODUCE RACE EQUALITY APPEAL May Announce Refusal to Ac cept Covenant if Amendment Be Turned Down Again; No Word From Tokio. By FRED S. FERGUSON. United Press Correspondent. Paris, April 18—Taking the solution of the Saar valley problem as a pre cedent, the Belgians are proposing adoption of a plan for making up their country's Industrial losses. They urge that a number of German factories in the occupied area be turned over to Belgium and operated for the Bel gian's benefit until the latter's plants are restored. The Belgian delegation pointed out that one factory in Liege alone was valued at $15,000,000 and is now a total loss. The build ings have been razed and the ma chinery transported to Germany. With every preparation being made for the reception of the German peace delegation April 25, the Italians and Japanese continued today to present probable barriers to complete agree ment on the terms of the treaty. JAP TO TRY AGAIN. No official information could bs obtained regarding the present status of the claims of these two countries, but it was generally un derstood the Italians were still holding out for ratification of their entire expansionist program, while the Japanese wore preparing to re introduce their racial equality amendment to the league of na tions covenant at the plenary ses sion next week. The Italians were said to be standing pat on their threat to withdraw from the conference unless their claims were granted. The Japanese, while still apparently without specific in structions from Tokio, were reported to 1 j be ready to announce their refusal to | accept the covenant if their amend- | ment was to be again turned down. ! CLEAR WAY FOR HUNS. | I j I Guests in the Hotels Vatel and Des Reservoirs, at Versailles, were being ousted today to make room for the German delegates. It was believed that quarters in other hotels might also bn requisitioned. According to the latest report the enemy representatives will be met only by "the big four"—President Wilson, Premier Lloyd George, Premier Clem enceau and Premier Orlando—who will formally present the treaty, after which the German delegation will re-j turn with it to AAeimur, where it will be discussed by the German govern ment and possibly the national assembly. "The guarantees," understood ! I I 1 [ i have been given France still remaln'a ■ ^ i mvsterv Thev are surrounded the 1 ' ' ascertained whether they will be in cluded in the treaty or in a separate agreement. CONCLUSIVE PROOF. Aside from the tacit admission that the guarantees are "satisfactory," It ! ° was recalled that at the last league * of nations committee meeting. Senator Bourgols did not mention his amend ment for an international army or general staff. Ho had been expected to urge this to the last, and the fact he abandoned the Idea was accepted as conclusive proof of the existence of other assurances. ASSERTS VILLA MEMBER OF OVERSEAS CANADIANS New York, April 18—A rumor that Pancho Villa, Mexico's will-o-the wlep bandit leader is a member of tbe Canadian army in France, was brought ______ back by Private Roman Marque, of Calexico, Cai., on the transport Sierra. He said he formerly was a bugler and orderly for Villa and that lie had seen him In Paris In the uniform of a first lieutenant of the Canadian Infantry on December 21. ! I spoke to him In Spanish," said Marque, "and received a reply In the same tongue but ths lieutenant de nled he was Villa. REPORT FORD TO QUIT 'FLIVVER' CO. ; GENERAL MOTORS COURTS DEAL Detroit. April 18.—(United Press) —Henry Ford, motor king, has un der consideration a deal whereby he will withdraw from the Ford Motor company, relinquishing his mam moth Interests which control the plant. I While Ford refused to be inter viewed on the subject, his secretary today admitted to the United Press that such a deal is under contemp lation with' the General Motors company as the proposed purchaser. It consummated this exchange will be the greatest made in the motor world for some time, involving hun dreds of millions of dollars. Rumors have been circulating through Wall street for some time but previously there have been strong denials from officials at the Ford plant that the deal was even contemplated. In selling the controlling Interest in the plant, Ford would he stepp ing off the throne, which made him one of the best known men in the world and brought him the title of "motor king." BERLIN IN STATE OF SIEGE DUETO STRIKE MENACE ceive d here. Several regiments of government ,, 'ugps were reported to have met the Socialist forces outside the city, which are preparations for a grand assault. The communists defenders, while maintaining their artillery fire, 'are erecting barricades and barbed | wire Proclamations Dropped Over City by Flyers; Desperate Fighting Unabated at Mun ich; Plundering Reigns. Copenhagen, April 18—(United Press)—Berlin has been declared in a state of siege as a result of tho general strike there, dis patches from that city reported to day. Proclamations to that effect were dropped on the city from government airplanes, it was said. The proclamations were signed personally by President Ebert. Heir Eichoin, former police presi dent, and Spartacan leader, was said to have attempted to escape from the city in an airplane. He was overtaken by government machines and forced to land. He is now' in jail. Government forces have occupied Brunswick, the Spnrtacan resistance there suddenly having; subsided. MUNICH FIGHTING CONTINUES. Berlin, April 17—(Delayed)—Desper ate figrhtinR' continues for possession of Munich, according to dispatches re entanglements In Hie principal is entering the town. Plundering id to have gut beyond control of ! the communist guards conl- accordlng )o a herc lodav POLISH TROOPS HELD UP. I Basle. April 18- Three thousand Pol I ish troops, bound from France to Po 1 land on German railways, are held up In Frankfort because the railways lack iispatch received REDS WIN SEBASTOPOL. [ Paris, April 18—A dispatch to the ■ ^ Intln * oday reported that Bolshevik forces have occupied Sebastopol. This ' would indicate the Bolshevik! have virtually cleared the Crimean penin sula of allied troops. REBELLION IN LETVIA. Washington, April 18—Germans overthrew the provisional government ! ° r Latvia on Wednesday, imprisoning * be premier and other government of flrtals, while Lettish troups srizod the provisional government treasury, a state department dispatch from IJbau, H»«sla, via Copenhagen, stated today, The German and Lettish troops are in complete control of the situat^n, It was stated, 60 HUNS KILLED IN EXPLOSION Kiel, April 18.—Fifty persons were killed and many Injured In an explo sion In a tinware factory near here today. THE WEATHER and vicinity: Forecast for Boise FAIR AND COOLER TONIGHT AVITH LIGHT FROST IN FAULT MORNING; SATURDAY FAIR. For Idaho: Tonight and Saturday fair, except probably showers In south east portion; cooler tonight with lieht frost early morning In north and southwest portions. Highest temperature yesterday..... 74 Lowest temperature thlB morning Rfl Mean temperature yesterday...... , ji CRISIS BOOKED AT "BIG FOUr SESSION TODAY; ORLANDO TO THREATEN PACTS REKTION IF LAND ASPIRATIONS DENK ITALIANS CLAIM 1915 AGREEMENT GRANTS ENTIRE PRO GRAM AND PLEDGES SIGNATORIES TO STAND TO GETHER FOR SIMULTANEOUS PEACE; WILSON STRONGLY OPPOSED TO VIEW, INSISTING ARMISTICE TERMS ABROGATED ALL SECRET PACTS; SENTIMENT FAVORS CHINA IN SHANTUNG CONTROVERSY. By ED L. KEEN* United Press Staff Correspondent. Paris, April 18.—The Italian situation was expected to reach a crisis In today's session of the ''big four." Premier Orlando, it was understood, planned to present a virtual ultimatum, threatening to wreck the whole peace set tlement by diplomatic sabotage unless Italy's territorial claims are fully recognized. This would be accomplished, according to certain Italians, by refusing to accept a treaty inconsist ent with their aspirations and at the same time holding the al lies to their agreement not to sign a "separate" peace. Despite the seeming seriou sness of the situation, the dele gates appeared optimistic of an amicable adjustment before the "big four" adjourned. do», ipnsummalecl in 191 Even if the Italian crisis is safely passed today, the "big four" is ex pected to be confronted with the Japa nese "situation" tomorrow or Sunday. JAPS TO RENEW CLAIMS At that time the Japanese are sched uled to present their claims affecting certain concessions in China, particu larly those in Shantung peninsula. The general sentiment appeared to favor China in this controversy, but again It was believed the matter would be safely compromised. Indications today were that the peace treaty would be finally rati fied by the plenary conference on April 24, just one day before the Germans arrive in Versailles to re ceive it, if the program is followed. Two plenary sessions apparently will be necessary, the first on April 23 to receive the revised covenant of the league of nations and final reports of the various commissions and the sec ond on the following day when the whole treaty will be taken up. COULD START SOMETHING As the Italians see it they could j overturn the whole claims—calling upon the signatories of the pact of : London to live up to their agreement I against arranging a separate peace. | (The signatories to the pact of Lon- : were Italy, ! Great Britain, France and Russia. ! Under this agreement Italy wap given | certain territorial concessions for en-jof tering the war on the side of the j aIlles -l ; Certain of the allies, led by the j Americans, have maintained that ac- j ceptance of the armistice terms abro-I gated all secret treaties. I known that he will not deviate from j the stand that his dispute must be set j tied according to the 14 points. The Jugo-Slav delegation, it devel WILSON STANDS FIRM President Wilson, who has b een placed In a position of virtual arbl frator of the rival claims of the Ital ians and Jugo-Slavs, has made it j Shantung question are expected to ap pear before the "big four" tomorrow or oped today, has written to Premier Clemenceau, asking that the future Flume and Dalmatia be solved by a plebesclte under the recognized prin clpte of self-determination. The Japanese in pushing their de mands for early settlement of the Sunday. JAP CLAIMS IN DISFAVOR They are Insistent that their claims' to ratification of concessions in the Shantung peninsula—which are bit terly opposed by the Chinese—be recognized at once, It is understood general sentiment, however, appeared to favor the Chinese In this dispute. All commissions, with the exception of the one considering conflicting Polish and German boundary claims, have completed their work. It is ex pected there will be two plenary ses sions next week, possibly on Thurs day and Friday. The league of na tions covenant and reportB of the var ious commissions probably will be second. Both meetings are expected to be secret. submitted at the first session. The entire treaty will be taken up at the _ " ----- WILSON TO VISIT BELGIUM BOON Paris, April 18.—President Wilson, It was stated today, may leave for Bel gium on his proposed trip before tha German peace delegates arrive In Ver sailles. Hs may leave this week. j — — — ■ —-- ---- ------- - I ' I , | j | SEE PLEDGE OF FUTURE HELP« GEORGESPEECH Temps Senses Assurance Brit ain and U. S. Will Aid France Should Germany Again At tack; Suspects Secret Pact. Paris, April 18.—(United Press)— The Temps, discussing Premier Lloyd George's speech before parliament. j professes to see in it assurance that Great Britain and the United States : would aid France in cas» she were I again attacked in Germany, | Quoting the premier's reference to : guarantees, the Temps said: ! "What, in ' I.luyd George's opinion, ! is the stipulation giving France this | security ? Certainly not annexation territory; France Is not demanding j annexations. Not military occupation; ; this is but temporary. Not the society j of nations; because the British op j posed both of France's amendments regarding control of armaments and an international military staff. What dispositions can other nations assura ' vht f h would Inspire France with a fcelin * : °F security? There is only on ® a ' 18 w 'er. it is that Great Britain iL nd ,he United States agree to aid Franne In the event she is attacked by Germany. Though the discourse said nothing else, it would be singu larly enlightening. One can say all other information paled before it." Othen Paris papers, however, took opposite views, contending that Lloyd George's words were empty so far as guarantees for Franco were concerned. Bach paper, in fact, had a different tn terpretailon of the speech. FARMERS SAVE $1,500,000 VIA U. S. NITRATE PURCHASE Washington, April 18.—American farmers will save 81,500,000 through purchasing nttmte as fertilizer from the government, the department of ag riculture announced today. In addition to 40,000 tons of nitrate received from Chile, the department announces it has already received 111,000 tons from the war departmenL LANSING'S SECRETARY TO BE ENVOY TO SLOVAKIANS Washington, April 18.— R. T. Crane, private secretary to Secre tary of State Lancing, hae been appointed to and has acoeptad the poet of minieter to Caecho-Slo vakla, the state department an nounced today. Crane will go first to Parle, where the Czeoho-Slovakiang maintain a foreign offiee.