New England Telephone Walkout May Spread Over All America
ALL THE NEWS
EVENING CAPITAL NEWS
Fair and cooler tonight,
frost in early morning.
BOISE, IDAHO, FRIDAY, APRIL 18,1919
ITALY'S DEMANDS THREATEN DIM I PEACE PROGRAM
20,000 ARE OUT
IN FIVE STATES;
More Than 630,000 Phones'
Out of Commission and Tre-'j
, , n . !
mendOUS LOSS to Business in
Talkless New England.
PUBLIC APPARENTLY HAS
SYMPATHY WITH STRIKE
General Walkout of All Labor
in East Predicted if Phone
Workers Unappeased; De
mand Burleson's Removal.
Brunswick, Ga., April 18—Reso
lutions demanding the removal of
Postmaster General Burleson were
adopted by the Georgia Federation
of Labor in convention here.
• he resolution, introduced by
telephone operators and electrical
workers, asked Burleson's removal
on the ground that he had been
unfair to organized labor, unfair
to the public and had instituted
unreasonable increases in tele
phone and telegraph rates.
y J. . 1 . ROWLANDS.
Press Staff Correspondent.
April 18—Twenty thousand
employes of five New Eng
« are on strike today.
industrial and social life of five
states has been seriously disrupted;
more than 630,000 telephones are out
of commission; the loss to business in
terests is daily amounting to hun
dreds of thousands of dollars and the
people are facing emergencies in
which, under normal conditions, the
t< lephone plays the leading part.
And. yet. despite the tremendous
inconvenience to which the public
has been subjected, the financial
loss and the personal anxiety, there
is every indication that the publio
sympathizes with the striking tele
FOR HIGHER WAGE.
The strike is an effort on tlie part
of organized labor to gain higher
Governors of the five states affected
by the. strike cabled President Wilson
urging action to settle it.
City and state officials have
been, and still are, making des
perate efforts to find some way
of bringing about a restoration of
telephone service. Leading Demo
crats of New England in a cable
to President Wilson charged that
the postmaster general is wreck
ing the Democratic party and de
manded that he be removed and
the strike settled.
A genera 1 strike of all labor in New
England is predicted if the strike is
not settled in a short time.
FEAR NATIONAL WALKOUT.
The possibilities of a nation-wide
strike of telephone employes have ad
vanced from the stage of being con
sidered to the point where plans lor
such a move are in the making. The
strikers in New England are constant
ly being assured of the support of
unions in every state.
Upon the results of this demonstra
tion, perhaps In event of a shorter
time than the public believes it pos
sible, the strike may spread to every
city, town and hamlet in the country.
__ t tr \
UNCOVER MOONSHINE PLANT
Spokane, April 18.—"Revenuers" in
the shape of a sheriff and two dep
uties uncovered a moonshine plant on
Russell creek east of Walla Walla. W.
A. Lennon, late of Kentucky, was ar
rested on a charge of having liquor in
bis possession. Six gallons of home
made corn whisky are held as evi
WIND CONTINUES TO HOLD
TRANS-SEAS PILOTS BACK
St. Johns, N. F., April 18—A
southeast gale, accompanied by
snow, continued today unabated,
preventing further the start in the
trans-Atlantic flight by both the
'8opwith and the Martinsyde avia
8L Johns, N. F., April 18—Wea
ther prospeots wore considered un
favorable for the trans-Atlantio
flight when Lieutenant Clemente,
flight officer, took hie last obser
vations here. However, the Mar
tinsyde pilot, Rayham, Is believed
ready for his getaway at any time
and if he starts, it is oonsidered
certain that Pilot Hawker in his
8opwlth will also take thu air for
tha big jump.
KEAISEI-KAIPARTT OF JAPAN URGES LIBERTY
Autonomy Favored at Earliest Expedient Time ; Opposed
Consideration of Colonials Merely as Instruments of
Profits; Kensei-Kai Second Strongest Party.
(Delayed) —(United Press.)— Viacount T. Katon, leader
Tokio, April 14
of the Kensei-Kai party, announced today that the party at
ing decided to favor autonomy for Korea and Formosa.
Auto " om y for Korea and Formosa is urged at the earliest time expe
, Kat ° announced. Kato declared his party opposed consideration of
t,1e colonials merely as instruments of profit.
Thp Kensei-Kai is now the sec
ond party in Japan. The Seiyu
Kai is in control by a large ma
jority. The Kensei-Kai were in
control at the opening of the Eu
ropean war and are still powerful.
Formosa is an island in the
China sea. It was ceded to Japan
in 1S95 by Chinn.
JAPS POUR INTO KOREA.
San Francisco, April 18.—Addi
tional Japanese troops are arriv
PLAN TO MAKE
DRV LAW WORK
Rely on Congress to Settle En
forcement Question at One
Strike; Delegate Powers to
Washington, April IS—(United
Press)—Drys are relying on congress
to settle at one stroke the question of
who will enforce both wartime and
constitutional prohibition, E. C. Din
widdle, head of the Anti-Saloon
Dengue of America, announced today.
Dlnwiddie said his organization
early in the coming session would
urge enactment of a bill to put en
forcements of both brands of prohibi
tion in the hands of the commissioner
of internal revenue . 1
"The debate as to who will enforce
prohibition has been raised by the Op
positionen desperation." said Din
CAN SAVE TIME.
"We believe time can be saved by
combining measures for enforcement
of both wartime and constitutional
prohibition in one law modelled after
the Barkley bill, which was reported
favorably by the house Judiciary com
mittee in the last congress, but failed
The Berkley bill, which anti-saloon
league officials helped frame, pro
vides for prohibition enforcement
through both the treasury department
and department of justice, but the
principle burden is put on "a law en
TO CURB PROPAGANDA.
The bill defined intoxicating liquor
as that containing more than one half
of one per cent of alcohol.
Dlnwiddie also declared that the
Anti-Saloon league plans to ask legis
lation preventing the sale of books and
pamphlets giving recipes for intoxi
"The distribution of such literature
is not illegal now. but ' we hope to
make it so." Dinwiddle said.
PLAN STATE-OWNED PLANT
TO FIGHT CEMENT "TRUST"
Indianapolis, Ind., April 18—A mil
lion dollar state-owned yement plant
at tho state penal farm to combat
what he called the cement trusts of
Indiana was under consideration by
Governor Goodrich here today. It was
said a commission appointed to in
vestigate the feasibility of the plan
had reported favorably to the gov
GLASS LEAVES FOR TOUR
OF WEST TO BOOST LOAN
Washington, April 18—Secretary
Glass will leave Washington tonight on
his first Important swing through the
middle west In the Interest of the vic
tory loan. The secretary's Itinerary
Includes speaking eng, gement» on the
following dates in these cities: Omaha.
April 25; Denver, April 26.
FRANK GOULD GRANTED DECREE
Paris, April 18.—Frank J. Gould to
day was granted a divorce in Ver
sailles from Edith Kelly Gould, charg
ed witn misconduct with Mario Cas
saus, a Mexican. The defendant did
ing in Korean ports, according to
cable advices received today by
the Korean national association.
Recently the United Press Tokio
correspondent told of two com
plete divisions of Japanese troops
and several thousand gendarmes
leaving for Fusan for guard duty
throughout the turbulent districts.
Six thousand troops and 4000
gendarmes have already landed at
Fusan. the local Korean organiza
tion advices from Fusan state.
16 U. S. SOLDIERS, SIX
FRENCH DEAD IN RAIL
CRASH; MANY INJURED
Brest, April 18.— (United Press)
—The casualties in the troop train
collision near Le Mans yesterday
were given out today as 16 Amer
ican and six French soldiers killed
and 15 American and 30 French
A partial list of American dead
Howard F. Lacey, 319th engi
Virgil J. Randall, 10th engineers.
Ezekiel Skipper, !06th engineers.
Thorion (possibly T. H. O'Ryan.
Corporal C. Reswenport, 319th
Orza Harokini Moa, 10th engi
P. N. Schulte. 319th engineers,
John Davison, 10th engineers,
George F. Mulling attached to
Sergeant Huff, 103d aero squad
VIOLENCE REARS HEAD IN
PHONE WORKERS' STRIKE;
REJECT BURLESON OFFER
Boston, April 18..—The situation
in tho telephone strike throughout
New England was tense today, fol
lowing a series of clashes between
crowds of strike sympathizers and
strike breakers in which several
students of the Massachusetts In
stitute of Technology were beaten.
With the strikers in its fourth
day there was no indication of a
break in the ranks of the strikers,
who still maintain they will not
negotiate through the channels
which Postmaster General Burle
son declares they, must use before
the wage increase question will be
Burleson's proposal that he sub
mit the telephone operators wage
scale to General Manager Driver
of the New England Telephone and
Telegraph company was rejected
by the joint council of telephone
and electrical workers today.
SET RECORD FOR LOADING
OF U. S. TROOPS AT BREST
Brest, April 18—United Pre.s) —
The port of Brest established a
record in troop embarkation in
preparing the remaining units of
the 42nd (Rainbow) diviaion for
sailing yesterday. Ninetean thou
sand troops, including some por
tion» of tho 77th (Now York na
tional army) diviaion, marched
aboard aix transporta. Only the
117th ammunition train of tha
Rainbow diviaion remained and
that will leava tomorrow.
Five of the ships, tha Missouri,
Mount Vernon, Pretoria, Puablo
and Huntington, ware anrouta to
day. Tha Laviathan, delayad in
coaling, was achedulad to start
SHOWS SOME DECREASE
Washington, April 18.—Unem
ploymsnt throughout tho country
Is beginning to decrease with tho
opening of spring work, weekly re
ports to the labor department
The total unemployment In 59
• hoWi dsoraaa#» 0 f
123,806 to 97,000 during the last
weak. The principal décrassas in
•"T 1 "*« war* at Oakland,
68001 San Franciaco, 6300. and
USE UNTft. OWN
Delegation Urges Number Ger
man Plants in Occupied Area
Be Turned Over and Oper
ated for Nation's Benefit.
JAPAN TO REINTRODUCE
RACE EQUALITY APPEAL
May Announce Refusal to Ac
cept Covenant if Amendment
Be Turned Down Again; No
Word From Tokio.
By FRED S. FERGUSON.
United Press Correspondent.
Paris, April 18—Taking the solution
of the Saar valley problem as a pre
cedent, the Belgians are proposing
adoption of a plan for making up their
country's Industrial losses. They urge
that a number of German factories in
the occupied area be turned over to
Belgium and operated for the Bel
gian's benefit until the latter's plants
The Belgian delegation pointed
out that one factory in Liege
alone was valued at $15,000,000
and is now a total loss. The build
ings have been razed and the ma
chinery transported to Germany.
With every preparation being made
for the reception of the German peace
delegation April 25, the Italians and
Japanese continued today to present
probable barriers to complete agree
ment on the terms of the treaty.
JAP TO TRY AGAIN.
No official information could bs
obtained regarding the present
status of the claims of these two
countries, but it was generally un
derstood the Italians were still
holding out for ratification of their
entire expansionist program, while
the Japanese wore preparing to re
introduce their racial equality
amendment to the league of na
tions covenant at the plenary ses
sion next week.
The Italians were said to be standing
pat on their threat to withdraw from
the conference unless their claims
were granted. The Japanese, while
still apparently without specific in
structions from Tokio, were reported to 1
j be ready to announce their refusal to |
accept the covenant if their amend- |
ment was to be again turned down. !
CLEAR WAY FOR HUNS. |
Guests in the Hotels Vatel and Des
Reservoirs, at Versailles, were being
ousted today to make room for the
German delegates. It was believed
that quarters in other hotels might
also bn requisitioned.
According to the latest report the
enemy representatives will be met only
by "the big four"—President Wilson,
Premier Lloyd George, Premier Clem
enceau and Premier Orlando—who will
formally present the treaty, after
which the German delegation will re-j
turn with it to AAeimur, where it will
be discussed by the German govern
ment and possibly the national
"The guarantees," understood
i have been given France still remaln'a ■ ^
i mvsterv Thev are surrounded the
1 ' '
ascertained whether they will be in
cluded in the treaty or in a separate
Aside from the tacit admission that
the guarantees are "satisfactory," It ! °
was recalled that at the last league *
of nations committee meeting. Senator
Bourgols did not mention his amend
ment for an international army or
general staff. Ho had been expected
to urge this to the last, and the fact
he abandoned the Idea was accepted as
conclusive proof of the existence of
ASSERTS VILLA MEMBER
OF OVERSEAS CANADIANS
New York, April 18—A rumor that
Pancho Villa, Mexico's will-o-the
wlep bandit leader is a member of tbe
Canadian army in France, was brought
back by Private Roman Marque, of
Calexico, Cai., on the transport Sierra.
He said he formerly was a bugler and
orderly for Villa and that lie had seen
him In Paris In the uniform of a first
lieutenant of the Canadian Infantry on
December 21. !
I spoke to him In Spanish," said
Marque, "and received a reply In the
same tongue but ths lieutenant de
nled he was Villa.
REPORT FORD TO QUIT
'FLIVVER' CO. ; GENERAL
MOTORS COURTS DEAL
Detroit. April 18.—(United Press)
—Henry Ford, motor king, has un
der consideration a deal whereby he
will withdraw from the Ford Motor
company, relinquishing his mam
moth Interests which control the
While Ford refused to be inter
viewed on the subject, his secretary
today admitted to the United Press
that such a deal is under contemp
lation with' the General Motors
company as the proposed purchaser.
It consummated this exchange will
be the greatest made in the motor
world for some time, involving hun
dreds of millions of dollars.
Rumors have been circulating
through Wall street for some time
but previously there have been
strong denials from officials at the
Ford plant that the deal was even
In selling the controlling Interest
in the plant, Ford would he stepp
ing off the throne, which made him
one of the best known men in the
world and brought him the title of
BERLIN IN STATE
OF SIEGE DUETO
ceive d here.
Several regiments of government
,, 'ugps were reported to have met the
Socialist forces outside the city, which
are preparations for a grand
assault. The communists defenders,
while maintaining their artillery fire,
'are erecting barricades and barbed |
Proclamations Dropped Over
City by Flyers; Desperate
Fighting Unabated at Mun
ich; Plundering Reigns.
Copenhagen, April 18—(United
Press)—Berlin has been declared
in a state of siege as a result of
tho general strike there, dis
patches from that city reported to
Proclamations to that effect
were dropped on the city from
government airplanes, it was said.
The proclamations were signed
personally by President Ebert.
Heir Eichoin, former police presi
dent, and Spartacan leader, was said
to have attempted to escape from the
city in an airplane. He was overtaken
by government machines and forced to
land. He is now' in jail.
Government forces have occupied
Brunswick, the Spnrtacan resistance
there suddenly having; subsided.
MUNICH FIGHTING CONTINUES.
Berlin, April 17—(Delayed)—Desper
ate figrhtinR' continues for possession
of Munich, according to dispatches re
entanglements In Hie principal
is entering the town. Plundering
id to have gut beyond control of !
the communist guards
conl- accordlng )o a
POLISH TROOPS HELD UP.
I Basle. April 18- Three thousand Pol
I ish troops, bound from France to Po
1 land on German railways, are held up
In Frankfort because the railways lack
REDS WIN SEBASTOPOL.
[ Paris, April 18—A dispatch to the
■ ^ Intln * oday reported that Bolshevik
forces have occupied Sebastopol. This
' would indicate the Bolshevik! have
virtually cleared the Crimean penin
sula of allied troops.
REBELLION IN LETVIA.
Washington, April 18—Germans
overthrew the provisional government
! ° r Latvia on Wednesday, imprisoning
* be premier and other government of
flrtals, while Lettish troups srizod the
provisional government treasury, a
state department dispatch from IJbau,
H»«sla, via Copenhagen, stated today,
The German and Lettish troops are in
complete control of the situat^n, It
60 HUNS KILLED IN EXPLOSION
Kiel, April 18.—Fifty persons were
killed and many Injured In an explo
sion In a tinware factory near here
Forecast for Boise
FAIR AND COOLER TONIGHT
AVITH LIGHT FROST IN FAULT
MORNING; SATURDAY FAIR.
For Idaho: Tonight and Saturday
fair, except probably showers In south
east portion; cooler tonight with lieht
frost early morning In north and
Highest temperature yesterday..... 74
Lowest temperature thlB morning Rfl
Mean temperature yesterday...... , ji
CRISIS BOOKED AT "BIG FOUr
SESSION TODAY; ORLANDO TO
THREATEN PACTS REKTION
IF LAND ASPIRATIONS DENK
ITALIANS CLAIM 1915 AGREEMENT GRANTS ENTIRE PRO
GRAM AND PLEDGES SIGNATORIES TO STAND TO
GETHER FOR SIMULTANEOUS PEACE; WILSON
STRONGLY OPPOSED TO VIEW, INSISTING ARMISTICE
TERMS ABROGATED ALL SECRET PACTS; SENTIMENT
FAVORS CHINA IN SHANTUNG CONTROVERSY.
By ED L. KEEN*
United Press Staff Correspondent.
Paris, April 18.—The Italian situation was expected to
reach a crisis In today's session of the ''big four."
Premier Orlando, it was understood, planned to present a
virtual ultimatum, threatening to wreck the whole peace set
tlement by diplomatic sabotage unless Italy's territorial claims
are fully recognized. This would be accomplished, according
to certain Italians, by refusing to accept a treaty inconsist
ent with their aspirations and at the same time holding the al
lies to their agreement not to sign a "separate" peace.
Despite the seeming seriou sness of the situation, the dele
gates appeared optimistic of an amicable adjustment before
the "big four" adjourned.
do», ipnsummalecl in 191
Even if the Italian crisis is safely
passed today, the "big four" is ex
pected to be confronted with the Japa
nese "situation" tomorrow or Sunday.
JAPS TO RENEW CLAIMS
At that time the Japanese are sched
uled to present their claims affecting
certain concessions in China, particu
larly those in Shantung peninsula. The
general sentiment appeared to favor
China in this controversy, but again It
was believed the matter would be
Indications today were that the
peace treaty would be finally rati
fied by the plenary conference on
April 24, just one day before the
Germans arrive in Versailles to re
ceive it, if the program is followed.
Two plenary sessions apparently will
be necessary, the first on April 23 to
receive the revised covenant of the
league of nations and final reports of
the various commissions and the sec
ond on the following day when the
whole treaty will be taken up.
COULD START SOMETHING
As the Italians see it they could j
overturn the whole claims—calling
upon the signatories of the pact of :
London to live up to their agreement I
against arranging a separate peace. |
(The signatories to the pact of Lon- :
were Italy, !
Great Britain, France and Russia. !
Under this agreement Italy wap given |
certain territorial concessions for en-jof
tering the war on the side of the j
aIlles -l ;
Certain of the allies, led by the j
Americans, have maintained that ac- j
ceptance of the armistice terms abro-I
gated all secret treaties. I
known that he will not deviate from
j the stand that his dispute must be set
j tied according to the 14 points.
The Jugo-Slav delegation, it devel
WILSON STANDS FIRM
President Wilson, who has b een
placed In a position of virtual arbl
frator of the rival claims of the Ital
ians and Jugo-Slavs, has made it
j Shantung question are expected to ap
pear before the "big four" tomorrow or
oped today, has written to Premier
Clemenceau, asking that the future
Flume and Dalmatia be solved by
a plebesclte under the recognized prin
clpte of self-determination.
The Japanese in pushing their de
mands for early settlement of the
JAP CLAIMS IN DISFAVOR
They are Insistent that their claims'
to ratification of concessions in the
Shantung peninsula—which are bit
terly opposed by the Chinese—be
recognized at once, It is understood
general sentiment, however, appeared
to favor the Chinese In this dispute.
All commissions, with the exception
of the one considering conflicting
Polish and German boundary claims,
have completed their work. It is ex
pected there will be two plenary ses
sions next week, possibly on Thurs
day and Friday. The league of na
tions covenant and reportB of the var
ious commissions probably will be
second. Both meetings are expected
to be secret.
submitted at the first session. The
entire treaty will be taken up at the
_ " -----
WILSON TO VISIT BELGIUM BOON
Paris, April 18.—President Wilson, It
was stated today, may leave for Bel
gium on his proposed trip before tha
German peace delegates arrive In Ver
sailles. Hs may leave this week.
j — — — ■ —-- ---- ------- -
SEE PLEDGE OF
Temps Senses Assurance Brit
ain and U. S. Will Aid France
Should Germany Again At
tack; Suspects Secret Pact.
Paris, April 18.—(United Press)—
The Temps, discussing Premier Lloyd
George's speech before parliament.
j professes to see in it assurance that
Great Britain and the United States
: would aid France in cas» she were
I again attacked in Germany,
| Quoting the premier's reference to
: guarantees, the Temps said:
! "What, in ' I.luyd George's opinion,
! is the stipulation giving France this
| security ? Certainly not annexation
territory; France Is not demanding
j annexations. Not military occupation;
; this is but temporary. Not the society
j of nations; because the British op
j posed both of France's amendments
regarding control of armaments and
an international military staff. What
dispositions can other nations assura
' vht f h would Inspire France with a
fcelin * : °F security? There is only
on ® a ' 18 w 'er. it is that Great Britain
iL nd ,he United States agree to aid
Franne In the event she is attacked
by Germany. Though the discourse
said nothing else, it would be singu
larly enlightening. One can say all
other information paled before it."
Othen Paris papers, however, took
opposite views, contending that Lloyd
George's words were empty so far as
guarantees for Franco were concerned.
Bach paper, in fact, had a different tn
terpretailon of the speech.
FARMERS SAVE $1,500,000
VIA U. S. NITRATE PURCHASE
Washington, April 18.—American
farmers will save 81,500,000 through
purchasing nttmte as fertilizer from
the government, the department of ag
riculture announced today.
In addition to 40,000 tons of nitrate
received from Chile, the department
announces it has already received
111,000 tons from the war departmenL
LANSING'S SECRETARY TO
BE ENVOY TO SLOVAKIANS
Washington, April 18.— R. T.
Crane, private secretary to Secre
tary of State Lancing, hae been
appointed to and has acoeptad the
poet of minieter to Caecho-Slo
vakla, the state department an
Crane will go first to Parle,
where the Czeoho-Slovakiang
maintain a foreign offiee.
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