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Chinese Control of Disputed Territory by Peace s
ALL THE NEWS FIRST EVENING CAPITAL NEWS VOL. XLn. BOTSE, IDAHO, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 23, 3919 WEATHER 8howera tonight and Thursday. Warmer to night. No. 102 ITALY'S REQUEST FOR FIUME FLATLY DENIED BÏ WILSON PRESIDENT WILSON DECLARES EMPHATICALLY THAT ITALIANS CANNOT HAVE FIUME; PORT TO RE HELD FOR SMALL NATIONS SEPARATE RULES CANNOT BE MADE FOR BALKANS, HE SAYS: THREAT OF SEPARATE PEACE WITH GERMANY MADE BY ITALY AS RESULT OF DEADLOCK; GREAT BRITAIN AND FRANCE ALIGNED WITH THE UNITED STATES; ITALY'S ACTION AWAITED. By FR KD S. FERGUSON, United Press Staff Correspondent. Paris, April 23.—President Wilson declared flatly this afternoon that Italy cannot have Piume. Possession of this seaport is the bone of contention which has resulted in the Italians' threatening to withdraw from the peace conference Nothing now remains for the Italians to do but put their threat into execution—or back down completely. The Italian delegates also failed to attend the afternoon session of the "big four." A new set of principles can not be ?sl.iblished for the Balkans, be said. The president held that Fiume can not be given to Italy, but must be made available as a seaport for the small nations behind it. Wilson pointed out that conditions existing at the time the pact of London was signed (1915) have been altered by the dissolution of Austria-Hungary and the establishment of new Balkan states. He insisted the peace confer ence must apply, the principles estab lished in the nrmfschc and the "14 mt.s." If th pm •iplo to be ad - hered to. Fima* mu st serve a s an out b i for 1h o commerc •e, not of Italy hut ■ of tho 1, nuis to th e nor tho; istwa rd— ! Hui ns'ary. Bohemia (Uzecho-f Slova kia). Itoi itnanu i and the state of the new j Jug o-Skn group. FEAR NOT VALID. assign Fiume to Italy would bo ite a feeling that we had dellb (Continued on Page Two.) J Clear Majority of 571 Given Successful Candidate —Big l Lead Genera! Surprise—Re-'" turns in Early. By a majority of 571, Ernest a. Ka gleson was Thursday elected mayor of Boise, defeating John McMillan. Mayor-elect Eagleson will he inaugur ated next week, succeeding Mayors. H. Hays, who was not a candidate for re election. The result was never in doubt after the first two precincts reported. It was just a question of how large the majority would be. Mayor-elect Eagle son received a total of 2214 to 1643 for McMillan. The easy defeat of McMil lan by Eagleson was somewhat of a surprise us it was generally believed the race would be closer. RETURNS IN EARLY. A record was made in the compila tion of returns. The Capital News had complete returns from the 11 pre cincts posted on its bulletin board at 7:45 Tuesday night. The polls did not close until 7 o'clock. This record was possible because there were but two candidates to tally votes for, the candi dates for short and long term council men having beep elected at the nomin ating election April 1. The total vote cast was larger than the vote cast for mayor then, a total of 3629 votes were counted. For the two candidates for short term council man, 3398 votes were cast. The elec tion was very quiet and until a late hour It was feared that the total vote would be much lighter than it finally turned out to be. Most of the voting was done between 4 o'clock in the aft ernoon nnd'7 o'clock, in the evening. Mayor-elect Eagleson carried every precinct except one, or No. 2, which was carried by McMillan. In Nos. 3 and 6, two of the larger precincts In the city, the vote was .very close. In precinct No. 3, which Eagleson carried by one vote, the early returns Indicated he had lost it, but a check was made and ballots that had been questioned .(Continued on Page Two.) BOND SALES IN TWO DAYS OF CAMPAIGN REACH HALF BILLION Washington, April 23. — (United Press)—The treasury today estimated the sale of Victory notes for the first two days of the campaign totalled $500,000,000. Incomplete reports received to noon told of high totals being rolled up in 1 reserve district. If the' ys is j mini- I Pare set for the first two da; maintain ed, officials s aid, the 1 mum of $4,500,000 won ild be obt; without dii l icult > . An a verage of $2.' iO,000,000 must bo kept up, how* ever, to "1 jtlie job" on time. 1 I . ' TENNESSEE LAUNCHING IS SET FOR APRIL 30 ---- j Washington, April 23.—Plans are be- ! ing completed by the navy department l'or the launching April 30 at the Brooklyn navy yards of the 33.000-ton j battleship Tennessee, the first of the I three-year building program battle- [ ships to be built. I The Tennessee is of the same class I as the Maryland and Idaho, already j completed. Though her weight will bo th« same as that of her sister ships j when she is completed, '.hi* Tennessee j will be the heaviest ship launched by *the navy in point J 000 tons. Acting Secretary ]velt will attend the The governor >f deadweight—16, l ™ r ' k 1 ■ als f flip Navy Rouse- ! launching ceremo of Tennessee anfl j ted to he pres •'M FLYING BOAT TESTED BY NAVAL AVIATORS TO CROSS ATLANTIC New York, April 23. — Naval aviators Have tried out the N. C. H.-2, one of the flying boats which is preparing to attempt a cross ocean flight shortly. The N. C. H.-2 rose and landed on the water several times and then arose to considerable height. Only a short time was spent in the air. Sixty destroyers will act as a patrol when the flight is staged. TWENTY-ONE COUNTIES OF OREGON OVER TOP Portland, Ore., April 23.—Twenty one counties of Oregon have attained their Victory Loan quota. Thirteen of the remaining 15 have nearly reached the goal. FOOD EXPORTS EXTENDED. Washington, April 23—Limited quantities of food may now be ex exported to other parts of Germany than the zone occupied by the allies, the war trade board announced L» day. Export permits for these ship ments must be obtained from the board. , Forecast for Boise and vicinity— PROBABLY SHOWERS TONIGHT THURSDAY; WARMER TO NIGHT. I-or Idaho—Tonight and Thursday, probably showers; warmer tonight. Highest temperature yesterday ... 76 Lowest temperature this morning.. 47 Mean temperature yesterday ..... 58 LEADING BOND SELLER AND PURCHASER TO BE GIVEN TRIP IN PLANE Washington, April 23.—Here's a chance for a ride in an airplane. The treasury department has in structed local loan committees to grant a flight daily to the loan workers selling the largest amount of bonds in that community that day. Also the purchaser of the largest amount of bonds In that community that day. Also the purchaser of the largest amount of bonds will he given a "lift" in one of the machines. REPORT THAT'MEN IN ITALY WILL DISCARD UNIFORM UNCONFIRMED Washington, April 23.—The war department has issued no confirm ation of the report from Paris that American soldiers remaining in Italy will be ordered to wear ci vilian clothes because of the high feeling on the part of the Italians over President Wilson's opposition to Adriatic claims. Several units of the 332nd in fantry still are in Italy, inwhole or in part, it was stated. SHIPBUILDERS STRIKE BECAUSE NEGROES ARE EMPLOYED IN YARDS j I Toledo, Ohio, April 23. — Two thousand members of the snip builders' union, employed at the yard of the Tolado Shipbuilding company, struck at noon today, be cause company officials refused to discharge 40 i»groes, hired this week. An nil-morning confj-ence between union and company offi cials failed to settle the difficulty. TRANSPORT MERCURY DUE IN PORT MAY 4 shington, (transports are 1 department as I Transport A . Newport New ' Detachment 2 April 23.— Sailings of announced by the war follows: Iercury, St. Nazaire to s. is due May 4 with: 8th division headquar ters; 2Sth division headquarters troop; 112th Infantry headquarters; first bat- talion headquarters, medical detach- ment first battalion and companies A, j B, C and D, 107th, 110th, 112th and ! 303rd trench mortar battalions; com pany C,( 114th supply train; sales com missary unit No. 8; 103rd train head j quarters, sanitary and ordinance de I tachments; 103rd train headquarters, [ sanitary anfl ordnance detachments; I 103rd mobile ordnance repair shop; I bakery company 323; base hospitals 2S, j 31, 56. S3 and 115; evacuation hospital 6» and special casual company 6G0 j dischargees, and 661, furloughs, j Major General Charles H. Muir, corn nianding the 28th division, is a passen J»er. ! j BRITISH AND AMERICAN PRISONERS RELEASED Washington, April 23. — Six Americans and six British prison ers from a Moscow prison have arrived in Finland in charge of Louis Penningroth, Y. M. C. A. secretary, the state department an nounced today. The American prisoners are: George Alborg and Walter Hous ton. Muskegon, Mich.; William Schmuclke Stronaster, Manistee. Mich., all of the 339th infantry; and Merle Arnold, Y. M. C. A. sec retary, of Polk, Neb. Among the British are Mrs. Kean, of the Brit ish Bible society, and Miss Ah werst. financial secretary of the Y. M. C. A. war prisoners' aid. BREMEN NOW UNDER COMMUNIST CONTROL Amsterdam, April 23—(United Press)—Communists have estab lished martial law in Bremen, ac cording to dispatches from that city today. All shops, restaurants, theaters and churches are closed and street cars are stopped between 6 p. m. and 6 a. m., during which period the public is not allowed on the streets. Private use of tele phones and telegraphs is forbid den. Only one mail it allowed daily and this is censored. The middle classes are striking in protest. FIVE FIRES START IN TOWN OF HILLYARD , Spokane, Wash., April mysterious fires breaking out almost simultaneously threatened the town of Hillyard, north of this city, last night. The estimated damage will exceed $10,000. For three hours every avall able man from tile Great Northern railway and Spokane fire department fought the fires. One fireman was in Jured by u fulling cornice, 23.—Five CZECHOSLOVAK RUMANIANS AND SERBSADVANCE ON WIDE FRONT * * * Reports From Vienna Indicate That Soviet Government Is Overthrown; Allied Repre sentatives Leave Budapest. HUNGARIAN SITUATION BECOMES MORE ALARMING • Union of Serbia and Monte negro Effected Sunday; As bpmhlu Trancfprc Pm»/or tn dGIHUiy IldlOICIb ruwei IU Governor of Serbia. Vienna, April 23.—Czecho-Slovak troops were reported today to have begun advancing along a 45-mile front between Tyrnau and March egg Serbian forces are moving north ward between the Tisza and the Danube. Rumanian troops are ap proaching the Danube. Marchegg Is only 25 miles, east of Vienna. The Tisza parallels the Dan ube about 50 miles to the eastward n Budapest south to the Hungarian border. COLLAPSE IMMINENT. London. April 23.—Conflicting re ports continue to be received today re garding the situation in Hungary. A dispatch from Berlin said that inform ation brought from Vienna by airplane showed the Soviet government had been overthrown, and that the Ruman ians were advancing on the whole front. The latest news direct from Eudapest, dated Monday, said there were no disorders, but that the situa tion was alarming and a collapse im minent. The Vienna correspondent of the Mail said that Professor Brown, American member of the allied mission, together with a majority of the other allied representatives, had departed from Budapest, leav ing two Italian diplomats and jun ior officers of the American food commission behind. SERBIANS IN POWER. A dispatch to the News from Pod goritza (38 miles north of Scutari) re ported that the kingdom of Montene gro ceased to exist Sunday when the national assembly transferred power to the Serbian governor, completing the union of Montenegro and Serbia. Reports concerning the union of Montenegro and Serbia as part of the new Jugo-Slav empire have shown a wide variance. The Serbs claim the majority of the Montenegrins favor the union. Montenegrin representatives, however, contend their national assem bly has been packed with pro-Serbians and that the Montenegrin people wish to continue their kingdom. They have even charged that Serbia " has dom inated Montenegro by military force since the armistice was signed." Copenhagen, April 23—A dispatch from Vienna filed yesterday, said it was reported in diplomatic circles that Czecho-Slovak forces were before Waitzen (15 miles north of Budapest.) WORKMEN CALLED. By EDWARD BING. (United Press Staff Correspondent.) Budapest, April 20.—Foreign Minis ter Bela Kun, addressing the work 'men's and soldiers' council, declared today that Hungnry relies on an inter national proletarian revolution to pre vent the allies from overthrowing the Soviet republic. "The Rumanians have taken Scath mar Nemethi (175 miles east of Buda pest), where the bourgeoisie have re established the capitalist system," he said. "The Rumanians are now in " v " r " "" " allies intend to strangle us. We px pent the French, Serbs and Czechs also to attack us. The allies will abandon thçtr offensive against ns if we will form a purely Socialistic or coalition government. But we refuse The assembly unanimously passed, resolution to the effect that "as many workmen as possible from every to do this. We rely on an interna tional .proletarian revolution, as well I as our own strength." factory shall go to the front." The government ordered the muni tlons factories to work all day Faster; Monday, which is generally a legal; holiday. All reserve officers have also ' beep called upon to Join thq Red army, ***************** 4» CASUALTIES INCREASE. * Washington, April Ü3. —Total * * casualties of the A. E F. were * 285,950, according to latest cor- * * rections, the war department * * announced toc\ay. This is an * * increase of 1614 over previous * * totals. Total deaths now re- * * ported number 75,344, an In- * * crease of 305. The Bolshevik! * * hold. 15 American prisoners, ac- * * cording to the report. * * * ***************** GERMANS INVITED TO SEND COMMISSION TO CONFER WITH ALLIES open the conference aaI soon as pos sible so that commercial relations l>e Paris, April 23—Inlvitation to the Germans to send a commis sion of food, shipping, (finance and trade experts to confer with allied representatives was regarded to day as the most important step yet taken toward resumption of the world's normal business. The meeting will be held in Versail les to send commissioners having full powers to negotiate regarding every question involved and t(> prepare to tween Germany and tho allies m iy be cleared up speedily. FORMER CANDIDATE FOR GOVERNOR OF WASHINGTON SUICIDE Tacoma, April 23.-j-Faeing trial In Seattle today on a criminal charge, Orville Billings, until re cently president of I tho Pacific Building and Loan association and former candidate for governor of the state, was killed instantly last night by a bullet fired from a re tvolver in his own hands. Billings' five daughters were ab sent from the home ft the time. The coroner announced that no inquest wilj be held. RETURNED SOLDIER COMMITS SUICIDE AFTER DISCHARGE Dps Moines, Iowa, April 23.—Corpor al Fred 17. Smith, 23,1 honorably dis charged member of the 446th field ar tillery, ended his life with gas during the night. His body teas found in a hotel today. In a note he asked that his mother, who lives at 1509 East Tenth street, Chicago, forgive him. Smith returned frqm six mon hs' overseas service last week and v.'as discharged Tuesday. BLANQUET'S DEATH REPORT UNFOUNDED New York, April 2|.—On the same day that Gen. Aurelio Blanquet was reported killed by the Mexican gov ernment, combined Diaz and Blanquet forces captured the tjown of Medellin j m the state of Vera (Muz and entered the suburbs of Vera Icruz and posted j proclamations. Rnberl (layon, secre- ! tai v to General Blanquet, asserted. ! "We have begun to believe Blanquet j ls alive and expect ! important news from him in a few days," Gayon added. The Mexican governpnent has offi cially announced tl|at Blanquet is dead. LATE FLASHES ON THE WIRE TODAY'S BASEBALL national League. New York 10, Philadelphia 7. Brooklyn 6, Boston 1. Pittsburg-Chicago, rain. S'. Louis 2, Cincinnati 2 (7 innings.) AMERICAN LEAGUE. Boston 10, New Y<>rk 0. Philadelphia 0 r Washington 1 (13 innings.) Cleveland-Detroit, rain. al;..-- q e* I * • o /c • \ Chicago 9, St. Loqis 3 (5 innings.) CONFERENCE BROKEN Paria, April 23.—"president Wilson's •"T"* -s ,?• delegate said that Prpmisr Orlando will j leave for Romo tonight or tomorrow and that the remainder of tho delega tion will go aa quickly aa possible | thereafter, ADVANCE CONTINUES Budapest, April 2^.—The Rumanians continue to advance into the interior j of Hungary, it was officially announc jed today. Hungarian forces have mob to the east and sin 125 miles east French are report large force of jjlized immodistoly 'south of Grossward of Budapest). The ad to be gathering colored troops in Skegedni (100 miles southeast of Budap UNITED STATES REMAINS FIRM IN STAND AGAINST ALLOWMG JAPANESE CLAIMS TO CHINESE TERRITORY ON SECRET TREATY BIG FOUR EXPRESSES DESIRE FOR POSTPONEMENT OF QUESTION UNTIL AFTER SIGNING OF PEACE TERMS; DELEGATES AGREED THAT GERMANY SHALL LOSE RIGHTS IN CHINA; ITALIANS SHOW DISPOSITION TO COMPROMISE. FRENCH GOVERNMENT AWARDS FOURAGERE TO AMERICAN UNITS Washington, April 23. ■— The French government has awarded the fouragere to several American units that fought with the French army, General Pershing cabled the war department today. The four agere of the colors of the croix de guerre was awarded to the 103rd aero squadron and the 539th and 625th ambulance sections. The fouragere of tho colors of the méd aillé militaire was awarded to the 646th ambulance section. COLFAX TEACHERS ON STRIKE FOR MINIMUM OF $150 PER MONTH Colfax, Wash., April 23.—Demanding a minimum of $150 a month, high | school teachers of this city have gone on strike. The school board has con tracts calling for $127 a month already, but the teachers won't sign. The hoard is standing pat. declaring that five mills will be added to the school tax levy If the demand is acceded to. j i ! j I I CALIFORNIA COMPANY TO DISPOSE OF ALL VINEYARD PROPERTY San Francisco, April 23.—Sale by the California Wine association of Its immense vinyard property to a Fresno syndicate represented only the beginning of a move to sell every bit of its property, M. J. Fon tana. president of the association, said today. MATCH COMPANY ASKS $25,000 FOR LIBEL. j Pa., began a libel'action against Dou blertny, 'Page & company, in Brooklyn j federal court today fur $250,000. ! In the March issue of "World's ! Work" an article entitled "pirates of j promotion" was published, exposing al leged get-rieh-quick concerns. The ar New York, April 23.—The Fred r Match company of Hioomburg. tide charges many firms with trading worthless stocks for Eiberty bonds. A list of concerns printed with the at tack Included the mach company. sistants, arrived here today. __ 7 RIOTING INCREASES Hamburg, April 23.—Rioting, which began here yesterday, increased in vio lence today. Rioters marched through the streets, robbing pedestrians. They stormed the police stations and suc ceeded in capturing one. A pitched battle occurred y.aterday in St. Paul', suburb. HOOVER IN BERLIN Berlin, April 23.—Herbert Hoover, accompanied by a large staff of as RUSSIANS ARE WATCHED. Milan, April 23.—The police have '"°'t ! S—•VU'S' "!Si,*LST! steamship FIRE DESTROY* « 5 TFAMCQ JJMTROYS ISTEAMER Portland, Maine, A P rl1 23.— Tho Hoy rl. Beattie was de stroyed by fire at sea April 18, ac-|on cording to information received hero today. Lewis B. Huntley, third offi cer of the Beattie, was drowned while leaving the burning ship. BRITISH TAKE TOWN. London, April 23.— Th» British wa f office today announced tho recapture of Bolshoozorki, on the Archangel front, together with two field guns, 1000 rounds of 3- inch ammunition, a quantity of etor«s and eome prisoners, | By FRED S. FERGUSON (United Press Stall' Correspondent.) Baris, April 23.—The "big four" are expected to continue today the discus sion of Japanese claims to Chinese ter ritory based on the secret treaty to which Great Britain, France , Italy, Russia and Japan were parties. Premier Orlando decided not to attend the meeting this morning. Admiral Di Revel left for Italy last night and General Diaz was scheduled to depart tonight. Or lando and Foreign Minister Son nino possibly may accompany Diaz, though, so far as known, this has not been decided. JAP CLAIMS HEARD. Word reached the Hotel Crillon at 1L o'clock a. m. that the Italian repre sentatives wore coming to call on Col onel House. The latter was just leav ing the hotel, however, and was un able to remain. Japanese and Chinese representa tives presented their respective cases yesterday afternoon. No official con; firmation could be obtained on what transpired in the meeting, but it was understood that the United States has made no recession from its stand that the pact constituting the foundation of Japan's claims, in common with all other secret agreements, was nullified by acceptance of the armistice terms. Aside from recognition ol is known the delegates are the stand against secret treaties, it majority of peace inclined to favor China's contention that Kiao Chau and the Shan Tung peninsula, (Continued on Page Two.) SENATOR BORAH MAKES DEMAND FOR PUBLICITY ' studied and Persistent Effort at «" c C'i ° u Up ° n the flr8t l,raft ' wh,ch was Secrecy Charged; American People Are Entitled to Know Contents. By L. C. MARTIN. I'nited Press Staff Correspondent. Washington, April 23.—Senator Borah today charged a studied and persistent effort at secrecy with respect to the league of nations covenant, and demanded that the state department make public im mediately the revised text just re ceived from Paris. "This studied persistent effort at se crecy," said Senator Borah, "is an un mistakable admission that the Instru ment as amended, will not bear discus sion. Its proponents doubtless have In mind the effect of the 60 days debate sup posed to be perfect and unassailable when It came forth." DEBATE TO BE OPEN. In the same connection. Mr. Borah served notice that when the covenant comes into the senate no rules devised will be sufficient to enforce secrecy In regard to a "matter of such vital and imme diate concern to the people at large." The subject will be debated "in the The new draft should no longer b«i held secret ' Mr - Borah declared, if the ! people are to have time to read and understand It before President Wilson returns, presumably to address them it. They have thus far been given nothing, Mr. Borah said, but an offi rial interpretation of what the amendments mean. "Who Is more deeply concerned In the exact terms and provisions of thla amended draft than the American peo ple?" asked Mr. Borah. "We are entitled to It at once. Wt should then have a law providing for a vote of the people before we sur j render tho vital powers of this gev eminent to a tribunal controlled by foreign powers,"