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T vans - Atlantic Journey Is Undertaken by American Aviators
EVENING CAPITAL NEWS ALL THE NEWS VOL. XLII. BOISE, IDAHO, THURSDAY, MAY 8, 1919 Ho. 117 A11IES LESS CONFIDENT OF FAVORABLE ACTION ON TREATY FRENCH BELIEVE THE GERMANS Wll REFUSE TO ATTACH THDR SIGNATURES TO PEACE PACT AS IT IS PRESENTED BY THE AUIES INCREASED PESSIMISM SHOWN SINCE FULL TEXT OF DOCUMENT HAS BECOME KNOWN; SPEECH OF GER MAN SPOKESMAN CHARACTERIZED AS IMPUDENT; ENEMY DELEGATION AFFECTED DURING MEETING; AMERICANS LESS CONFIDENT OF ACCEPTANCE. By LOWELL MEL LETT (United Press Straff Correspondent) Paris, May 8.—"The Germans will never sign," was the expres sion heard from many lips in Paris today following publication of the treaty draft and Erockdorff - Rant zau's speech at Versailles. The same men attached to the American commission who a few days ago told the United Press the chance of the Germans signing was about "fifty-fifty" are now among those saying the enemy will never accept the terms. Men who recent ly were confident the Germans would sign now say the chances are about even. The reason for the increased pessi mism is believed to be the culminating effect of seeing all parts of the treaty together, whereas earlier opinions were based on particular sections of which various men bail personal knowledge. SPEECH IMPUDENT The impression created in French circles by Brockdorff-Uantzau's speech can be summed up in one word, "inso lent." Some of these expressed the belief he seized the occasion as the first ar.d last, opportunity to address ihe allied delegates and therefore profited to the fullest extent. "Brockdorff- Kan tza u's im pu dent speech was inti tided more for history and home consumption than for the ullios," said one high personage. ATTITUDE CHANGES By FILED S. FERGUSON (United Kress Staff Correspondent) Versailles, May 8.—Humiliation, defeat, tragedy, all the darker emo tions possible to human expression —then obsequious admission of their wrongs; and finally defiance and claims of a place as equals. That represents the range of the Germans' emotions in their first appearance at Versailles since 1871. Deepest silence reigned in the con ference room at the Trianon palace ho tel yesterday afternoon after the allied delegates had been seated. As the doors opened, signalling the approach of the enemy representatives, an usher, resplendent in a blue uni form, preceded them and cried: GERMANS AFFECTED "Messieurs Les Plenipotentiaries de L'Allemagne." Count Brockdorff- Rantzau, his face ashen white and his e. es rinuned with dark circles, w is the center of the German group. His hi nds were clasp ed In front at : rills' length and ne slowly bowed hi s hea< It. was not a bow of greeting, b it one of abject res ignation. The Germans took their seals ..nil listened with unchanged expression to Premier Clemeneeau's speech. When (Continued on Page Two.) ALIENISTS TESTIFY IN TRIAL OF RUTH GARRISON AT SEATTLE Seattle, Wash.. May 8—Alien ists are occupying the limelight today in the trial of Ruth Garri son, 18-year-old, following the girl's statement on the witness stand that she poisoned a fruit cocktail and watched Mrs. Grace E. Storrs eat it and die in agony. .The girl gave as her reason the desire to eliminate the wife of Dudley M. Storrs, who, she de clares, is the man she loves. Three noted alienists will ap pear as witnesses today on behalf of the defense' contention that the girl was temporarily insane at the time of the poisoning. The state has an array of insanity experts on hand and is prepared to .11 - tack the defense contentions in every possible way. FIRST IN WIR, FIRST IN FEIItE The Capital News during the war gave readers in this field the FIRST news right along. The Capital News gave readers in thiB field the FIRST news of the peace terms—IN FULL, EVERY DETAIL. I ! 1 j j ■ j J 4* *> 4* *1* 4* 4* v 4* 4» ♦> 4* 4» 4» 4* 4» 4» 4» 4» ❖ 4* ONE YEAR AGO TODAY. * (May 8, 1918.) 4* Rain alone delays fourth 4* great Teuton offensive against 4* war wearied allies. 4* Hun artillery hammers al- 4* lied positions on both sides of 4* Lye. 4* Germans slowly forcing tired 4 British and Belgians back 4* across Flanders fields. 4* Rumania withdraws from tHe 4* war by signing forced treaty 4* at dictation of Germany. 4» Handicap of limited trans- 4* port facilities prevents larger 4» shipments of American troops, 4* while allies cry, "Hurry." 4» SUBSCRIBE NOW TO THE 4» VICTORY LIBERTY" LOAN 4» WHAT YOU WOULD HAVE ♦ PAID FOR VICTORY THEN. 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4» 4» 4» 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4» 4* 4» I. W. W. MAKE PLANS FOR ORGANIZATION OF SOVIET COUNCILS Chicago, May 8—Plans were be ing made by the national conven tion of the I. W. W. here today to organize a series of councils simi lar to the Soviets of Russia, ac cording to Abner Woodruff, New York chairman of the convention. Woodruff said the Soviet sys tem of representation is basically sound and truly representative. He pointed out that each trade and profession, through its council, can present its demands intelli gently through the knowledge of the needs of its own particular class of work. The convention has been con ducted carefully so far, for fear of a raid and arrests by police and federal agents. BOOM OF BIG GUNS AWAKENS PEOPLE TO BOND TOTAL DEFICIT San Francisco, May 8 Franciscans were orcib y a ened this morning t > the fact with but three da ys to go city has subset ibei but "8 cent of its Victory loa n Huge coast defense guns and bombs exploded, whistles shrieked and bells rang, arousing the pop ulation at 5:18 to a belief that a battle raged. PEACE TERMS FOR AUSTRIA, HUNGARY, TURKEY DISCUSSED Paris, May 8—The "big four" to day began discussion of the pro gram for presenting peace terms to Austria. Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey. The committee arranging the Austrian treaty has been in structed to report before Monday. THh VVE AT HER Forecast for Bo so and vicinity: FAIR TONIGHT AN !> FR1DAV. For Idaho: Tonigh ami Friday, fair; 1 warm or in southeast l.ortlon tonight. mg host temperati re veste rduv, 70. | Lo\ est tompcrnt'ii r this in li ning, 48. j Me. n temperature yeslerd; y. 55. i U. S. NAVY'S FIRST HOPE IN OCEAN FLIGHT ***** ' 1 >< T;}' ' i'- '- V " ' , ; " MU ""4 1 ' r ' :: ©UHDKMVéOÇa The navy has announced that the N. C. 3 was the first of the three navy N. C. type boats to he started across the Atlantic ocean. The X. C. 2 and 4 followed soon after. By sending the three Latest picture of N. C. 3, one of the three N. C. type of seaplane built by the navy to fly aerosa the At lantic. planes off In rapid succession the officials hope to have one of them at least be success ful. The planes, while of the same general type, are different In many ways, ideas being: tried in each which may be of advantage In making the trip. AMERICANS ARE WELL SATISFIED WITH TERMS OF ALLIES'TREATY Comment Throughout Country Shows Sentence Imposed on Germany Is Approved; Some Criticism Is Offered. New York, May 8.—"U is a terrible punishment the German people and their mad rulers have brought upon themselves," the New York Times said today in an editorial on the peace treaty. "How great will be tlicir moral and spiritual suffering, we cannot know, because the world lias its doubts about the Gorman conscience. The New York Sun objected to the league of nations being interwoven with the peace terms and said: "The senate and not the president Is the representative of the American people in the making of international agreements. Perhaps its wisdom and patriotism will discern a way for a brojul reservation which will meet the situation forced upon it by 1 | j i PEACE ASSURED "The international gibbet Is high and within the bight of its noose hangs a clanking example." said the Tribune. "The settlement will make for peace." Kansas Times: "As to the terms, they apparently were designed to impose all the traffic would bear. They are steep terms, strep and stiff. They are such terms as only victors could dictate, and that none but the vanquished would accept. The result of the war is written into every line, and as long as time leaves legible records in this world, history can raise no doubt of its issue. Hard terms, but just." Milwaukee Sentinel: "The most casual reading of the of ficial abstract of tin* terms as pub lished yesterday must satisfy the bit terest memory of the lawless act (sink ing of the Lusitania) that the terms spell expiation. HUNS CANNOT COMPLAIN "Germany herself by her own stand ard of terms to be imposed upon a beaten enemy should now feel herself estopped from complaining that the terms imposed upon her are harsh. It is tlie application of her own principles ami practices." The terms offered Germany are mon reasonable and in reality. Germany loses only the influence of Kultur and ! means of spreading it. according to the San Francisco Chronicle. "As individ uals Germans mn> perhaps be better 1 off than they were before," it com ment a. "They are to be completely re lieved from the horrible burden of mil itarism, including conscription, the erection and maintenance of huge j armies, navies and fortifications. The j people of the victorious nations, ap ■ parently condemned to groan under j their military burdens, may yet come J to envy the lot of the conquered." PRESIDENT WILSON TO SEND MESSAGE TO SPECIAL SESSION By ROBERT J. BENDER. United Press Staff Correspondent. Washington, May 8—President Wilson will cable his first mes sage to the next congress to the United States for reading before the joint session, it was announced today. This, which will be in his mes sage on the state of the union, will recommend early passage of the appropriation bills and is ex pected to contain the president's recommendations for proper re muneration for telephone and tele graph companies taken over by the government during the war emergency. In preparing his document the president will advise with Secre taries Baker and Daniels by cable as to their needs. He is already in touoh with Secretary of the Treasury Glass. The peace treaty message will come later and probably will be delivered to a joint session by the president in person. POLAND DENIES THAT BOLSHEVIKI VOTE TO GIVE FINANCIAL AID Dublin. May 8—Parry Boland, secretary of the Sinn Fein de clared today that a report that the Russian Bolshevikl had voted 500,000,000 rubles a month to aid the Sinn Fein,- is "absurd and an anti-Irish canard." This is the first intimation re ceived in this country that such a report had been circulated. WILSON TO CANVASS PUBLIC SENTIMENT ON PROHIBITION LAW Paris, May 8.—In connection with a report that President Wil ton would abrogate the war time prohibition order if he found that sentiment was overwhelming against it, attaches at the white house asserted today that no ac tion is likely until he returns home and thoroughly canvasses publio sentiment. GIRL TAKES POISON FOLLOWING DRAMATIC MOTION PICTURE SHOW Chicago, May 8.—At the conclu sion of a particularly dramatic movie last night an unidentified 16-year-olc 1 girl swallowed poison in the presence of several hundred movie fans and was believed dying here today. The girl refused to make an explanation or give her name. GERMAN DELEGATES WORK ALL NIGHT ON PEACE TREATY TERMS Versailles, May 8.—The German delegatee worked almost all night dissecting and analyzing the text of the poaoo treaty. Foreign Min ister Brockdorff- Rantzau today was preparing a full report which will be sent to Berlin tonight by special couriar PRISONERS CONFESS AT THE DALLES TO WASHOUGAL ROBBERY The Dalles, Ore., May 8.—Ed ward Primrose, who fatally shot Chief of Police Ralph Gibbons yes terday, and Dolph I.ewls, who ars in jail here, have confessed to the robbery of the Washooffal, Wash., bank, Monday, according to Dis trict Attorney Galloway. "It was a fool notion and looked easier than it was," Lewis said in a statement, the district attorney announced. Chief of Police Gib bons and Sheriff Crlssmon arrested Primrose and Lewis as they alight ed from a passenger train, and were marching them to jail. Primrose suddenly turned on Gibbons and killed him with a re volver which he had concealed in' a newspaper. Max Lewis, alleged to be the third of the bandits who robbed the bank, is still at large. BODY OF MURDERED MAN IS DISCOVERED NEAR IDAHO FALLS (Capital News Special Service.) Idaho Falls, Ida., May 8. John Betz, about 45 years old, was found murdered in a canal just across the river from Idaho Falls last night. He had been employed by the Wood Livestock company and left there a few days ago. He regis tered at a rooming house on Mon day afternoon and left the room about 3 o'clock Tuesday afternoon, which was the last seen of him alive. His head was badly bat tered and a bullet wound under the left arm shattered his backbone. There is no clue at present. GERMAN PAPER SAYS CERTAIN POINTS OF TREATY IMPOSSIBLE Berlin, May 7.—The press, com menting on the advance summary of the peace terms today, declared that several of the points could not be accepted. The Tageblatt, for instance, said that 100,000 soldiers is not sufficient to maintain in ternal order and added: "We decline to have an eternal state of anarchy." The newspapers pronounced the indemnity excessive and denounced disposition of Danzig and the Saar valley. INCREASE IN PRICE OF COFFEE WILL BE DUE TO PROHIBITION Chicago, May 8—After July 1 the coffee hound w'Dl have to pay about double for hie Java tipple. This prediction was made here today by John W. Olson, president of the retail tea and coffee deal ers' association. Olson said the increased demand due to prohibition and frosts de structive to coffee In Brazil will force the better grade coffees up 100 per cent. TWO AVIATOR8 INJURED Atlantic City, N. J., May 8.—George Gardner, pilot, and Major Reed lundis were slightly hurt here today when their f'urtias airplane fell TO feet Just as they were starting a flight to New Yo»' ; NEW ALLIANCE IS CENTER OF INTEREST, AND UPROAR LIKELY Members of Senate Predict Strong Opposition to Plan of President Wilson for the Protection of France. By L. C. MARTIN. United Press Staff Correspondent. Washington, May 8—President Wilson's pledge to present to the United States senate a proposal for an Anglo-American alliance automatically to aid France in the event of an unprovoked Ger man attack was the center of senatorial discussion today. While general comment on the treaty as a whole was guarded, pend ing study of the long document, sena tors indicated the proposed special al liance will cause an uproar In the senate, equalling, if not surpassing, that expected to center about the league of nations discussion. OPPOSITION PREDICTED. The opposition, unless the president departs from his reported decision of making no recommendation when he la\s the proposal before the senate — appears likely to come not alone from those hostile to the league of nations or to administration, hut from Demo < rats who are with the president on ! : 1 I ! j i : ! ! I (Comlnued on page two.) LATE FLASHES ON THE WIRE TODAY'S BASEBALL NATIONAL LEAGUE Boston 2; New York 2 (9 innings). Philadelphia 1; Brooklyn 2. St. Louie 2; Pittsburg 4. Chicago-Cinncinati postponed, rain. AMERICAN LEAGUE Washington 0; Boston 3. New York 2; Philadelphia 0. Chicago 4; Cleveland 1. Detroit-St. Lodi* postponed, rain. PASS CAPE SABLE Washington, May 8.—The N. C. 1 and the N. C.-3 passed Cape Sa ble at 5:10 p. m., a radio to tha navy department stated. Cape Sa ble is 122 mile* from the landing point and the two planoo have covered about 418 milsa so far. PUMP REPAIRED. Washington, May 8—A radio mes - srg* roportod tho N. C.-4's oil pump ; repaired. ARREST EXPECTED. Barrs, Pa., May 8—The slayer ef Mrs. Harry E. Broadwell, whoea nude body with the hands tied and a hand kerchief tied about the throat was found hero last Sunday, may be ar rested within 24 hours, it was learned, today. It is said that the murderer ie known to tho police. UNITED STATES NAVAL PLANES STARTATLANTIC OCEAN FLIGHT First Lap of Long Journey Is Started Under Favorable Weather Conditions; Few Witness Departure. MACHINES ARE DUE IN HALIFAX THIS AFTERNOON Change in Crew of N.C. 4 Made When Chief Special Mecha nician Loses Hand in Pro pellor Blade. Washington, May 8.—Oil troublaa de veloped on the Trent-Atlantio flyer N. C.-4, putting one motor out of com minion, the navy department wee ad vised by wireless message sent from the air fleet at 2:02 p. m. today. The N. C.-4 is proceeding under power from her three other motor« but may have to descend, the message added. Station ship No. 1, about SO miles northeast of Cape Cod was passed at 2:18, a message from the N. C.-4 to the navy department said- The radio added that the N. C.-4 was still in the air at that time. Two planes passed the second sta tion ship at 3:10, the later radio inter cepted by the navy department stated. This indicated that the N. C.-4, which was running with one motor disabled, is being outdistanced by the other ma chines.' The two advanced planes had cov ered more than half the distance of the first leg of the flight at 3:10 p. m. Rocknway Beach, X. T. May 8—The United Ktates navy seaplanes started for Halifax today on the first leg of their journey across the Atlantic via Xova Scotia, New Foundland, and the Azores. There was a 20-mlle northwest wind, and the morning was misty. The N. C.-3 and the X. (\-t were to he ! given short trials before starting on : the air ivoyage to Halifax. 1 The N. C.-8 carrying Commander Towers, commandant of tlie expedi I tion, was the first to take the air. She ! was followed in short order by the X. j C.-t and the X. C.-4 in formations i prescribed in advance. The X. C.-3 : rose from the water, as did the X. ! C.-l. The X. C.-4 was placed on the ! starting platform. Five small sea I planes circled about as the huge air boats roared into the first jump of their daring trip. A dirigible also was in the air. These six craft were ex pected to form an escort for the jour ney as far as Montauk Point, where tile trail leads from Dong Island. The sky was grey and there was a mist over the water, before the planes started, but a west wind made starting conditions favorable. Re (Continued on pige two.) AIRSHIPS TO PATROL. Washington, May 8—Aeroplane pa trol of tho national forests will be gin June 1, the department of agri culture announced today. At tho tamo time, observation oovering a largo part of tho Angola national forost will be begun from a captiva balloon sta tioned over Arcadia, California. OMSK RECOGNIZED. Washington, May 8—Tha provisional government at Archangel y ha* reeog nized the Omsk government—non Bolshevist—as the supreme authority in all Russia, the state department was advised today. The Archangel government, never theless reserves tho right of "Indi vidual action, ponding arrangement of joint action bstwosn the govern ments.'' DESTROYERS LEAVE. St. Johns, N. F. May 8—Two more American destroyers have put to sea to take their places in the column ex tending across the Atlantic for pro tection of the navy piano* on their oversea flight. STUDENTS RIOT. Tokio, May 8—(United Prose)—An gered at the award of Shan Tung peninsula to Japan, hundreds of Chin ese students rioted in tho legation, which they threatened to burn. They visited tho American embassy and other foreign diplomatic buildings.